Abstract

We report measurements of the transparency, nonlinear coefficients and damage threshold of BaGa4S7 grown by the Bridgman-Stockbarger technique. We also present calculations showing that this crystal is phase-matchable for down conversion into the mid-IR starting from a pump wavelength of 1064 nm.

© 2011 OSA

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References

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  1. V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, “The nonlinear coefficient d36 of CdSiP2,” Proc. SPIE 7197, 71970M (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  2. B. Eisenmann, M. Jakowski, and H. Schäfer, “Zur Kenntnis von BaAl4S7 and BaGa4S7,” Rev. Chim. Miner. 20, 329–337 (1983).
  3. C. Hidaka, M. Goto, M. Kubo, and T. Takizawa, “Phase diagrams of the pseudo-binary systems of BaS-In2S3 and BaS-Ga2S3,” J. Cryst. Growth 275(1-2), e439–e443 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. X. Lin, G. Zhang, and N. Ye, “Growth and characterization of BaGa4S7: a new crystal for mid-IR nonlinear optics,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(2), 1186–1189 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. V. Badikov, D. Badikov, G. Shevyrdyaeva, A. Tyazhev, G. Marchev, V. Panyutin, V. Petrov, and A. Kwasniewski, “Phase-matching properties of BaGa4S7 and BaGa4Se7: wide-bandgap nonlinear crystals for the mid-infrared,” Phys. Status Solidi (RRL) 5(1), 31–33 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J.-J. Zondy, D. Touahri, and O. Acef, “Absolute value of the d36 nonlinear coefficient of AgGaS2: prospect for a low-threshold doubly resonant oscillator-based 3:1 frequency divider,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 14(10), 2481–2497 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (1)

V. Badikov, D. Badikov, G. Shevyrdyaeva, A. Tyazhev, G. Marchev, V. Panyutin, V. Petrov, and A. Kwasniewski, “Phase-matching properties of BaGa4S7 and BaGa4Se7: wide-bandgap nonlinear crystals for the mid-infrared,” Phys. Status Solidi (RRL) 5(1), 31–33 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, “The nonlinear coefficient d36 of CdSiP2,” Proc. SPIE 7197, 71970M (2009).
[CrossRef]

X. Lin, G. Zhang, and N. Ye, “Growth and characterization of BaGa4S7: a new crystal for mid-IR nonlinear optics,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(2), 1186–1189 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

C. Hidaka, M. Goto, M. Kubo, and T. Takizawa, “Phase diagrams of the pseudo-binary systems of BaS-In2S3 and BaS-Ga2S3,” J. Cryst. Growth 275(1-2), e439–e443 (2005).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

J.-J. Zondy, D. Touahri, and O. Acef, “Absolute value of the d36 nonlinear coefficient of AgGaS2: prospect for a low-threshold doubly resonant oscillator-based 3:1 frequency divider,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 14(10), 2481–2497 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

B. Eisenmann, M. Jakowski, and H. Schäfer, “Zur Kenntnis von BaAl4S7 and BaGa4S7,” Rev. Chim. Miner. 20, 329–337 (1983).

Acef, O.

J.-J. Zondy, D. Touahri, and O. Acef, “Absolute value of the d36 nonlinear coefficient of AgGaS2: prospect for a low-threshold doubly resonant oscillator-based 3:1 frequency divider,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 14(10), 2481–2497 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Badikov, D.

V. Badikov, D. Badikov, G. Shevyrdyaeva, A. Tyazhev, G. Marchev, V. Panyutin, V. Petrov, and A. Kwasniewski, “Phase-matching properties of BaGa4S7 and BaGa4Se7: wide-bandgap nonlinear crystals for the mid-infrared,” Phys. Status Solidi (RRL) 5(1), 31–33 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Badikov, V.

V. Badikov, D. Badikov, G. Shevyrdyaeva, A. Tyazhev, G. Marchev, V. Panyutin, V. Petrov, and A. Kwasniewski, “Phase-matching properties of BaGa4S7 and BaGa4Se7: wide-bandgap nonlinear crystals for the mid-infrared,” Phys. Status Solidi (RRL) 5(1), 31–33 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Eisenmann, B.

B. Eisenmann, M. Jakowski, and H. Schäfer, “Zur Kenntnis von BaAl4S7 and BaGa4S7,” Rev. Chim. Miner. 20, 329–337 (1983).

Goto, M.

C. Hidaka, M. Goto, M. Kubo, and T. Takizawa, “Phase diagrams of the pseudo-binary systems of BaS-In2S3 and BaS-Ga2S3,” J. Cryst. Growth 275(1-2), e439–e443 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hidaka, C.

C. Hidaka, M. Goto, M. Kubo, and T. Takizawa, “Phase diagrams of the pseudo-binary systems of BaS-In2S3 and BaS-Ga2S3,” J. Cryst. Growth 275(1-2), e439–e443 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jakowski, M.

B. Eisenmann, M. Jakowski, and H. Schäfer, “Zur Kenntnis von BaAl4S7 and BaGa4S7,” Rev. Chim. Miner. 20, 329–337 (1983).

Kubo, M.

C. Hidaka, M. Goto, M. Kubo, and T. Takizawa, “Phase diagrams of the pseudo-binary systems of BaS-In2S3 and BaS-Ga2S3,” J. Cryst. Growth 275(1-2), e439–e443 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kwasniewski, A.

V. Badikov, D. Badikov, G. Shevyrdyaeva, A. Tyazhev, G. Marchev, V. Panyutin, V. Petrov, and A. Kwasniewski, “Phase-matching properties of BaGa4S7 and BaGa4Se7: wide-bandgap nonlinear crystals for the mid-infrared,” Phys. Status Solidi (RRL) 5(1), 31–33 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lin, X.

X. Lin, G. Zhang, and N. Ye, “Growth and characterization of BaGa4S7: a new crystal for mid-IR nonlinear optics,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(2), 1186–1189 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Marchev, G.

V. Badikov, D. Badikov, G. Shevyrdyaeva, A. Tyazhev, G. Marchev, V. Panyutin, V. Petrov, and A. Kwasniewski, “Phase-matching properties of BaGa4S7 and BaGa4Se7: wide-bandgap nonlinear crystals for the mid-infrared,” Phys. Status Solidi (RRL) 5(1), 31–33 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Noack, F.

V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, “The nonlinear coefficient d36 of CdSiP2,” Proc. SPIE 7197, 71970M (2009).
[CrossRef]

Panyutin, V.

V. Badikov, D. Badikov, G. Shevyrdyaeva, A. Tyazhev, G. Marchev, V. Panyutin, V. Petrov, and A. Kwasniewski, “Phase-matching properties of BaGa4S7 and BaGa4Se7: wide-bandgap nonlinear crystals for the mid-infrared,” Phys. Status Solidi (RRL) 5(1), 31–33 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Petrov, V.

V. Badikov, D. Badikov, G. Shevyrdyaeva, A. Tyazhev, G. Marchev, V. Panyutin, V. Petrov, and A. Kwasniewski, “Phase-matching properties of BaGa4S7 and BaGa4Se7: wide-bandgap nonlinear crystals for the mid-infrared,” Phys. Status Solidi (RRL) 5(1), 31–33 (2011).
[CrossRef]

V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, “The nonlinear coefficient d36 of CdSiP2,” Proc. SPIE 7197, 71970M (2009).
[CrossRef]

Schäfer, H.

B. Eisenmann, M. Jakowski, and H. Schäfer, “Zur Kenntnis von BaAl4S7 and BaGa4S7,” Rev. Chim. Miner. 20, 329–337 (1983).

Schunemann, P.

V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, “The nonlinear coefficient d36 of CdSiP2,” Proc. SPIE 7197, 71970M (2009).
[CrossRef]

Shevyrdyaeva, G.

V. Badikov, D. Badikov, G. Shevyrdyaeva, A. Tyazhev, G. Marchev, V. Panyutin, V. Petrov, and A. Kwasniewski, “Phase-matching properties of BaGa4S7 and BaGa4Se7: wide-bandgap nonlinear crystals for the mid-infrared,” Phys. Status Solidi (RRL) 5(1), 31–33 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Takizawa, T.

C. Hidaka, M. Goto, M. Kubo, and T. Takizawa, “Phase diagrams of the pseudo-binary systems of BaS-In2S3 and BaS-Ga2S3,” J. Cryst. Growth 275(1-2), e439–e443 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Touahri, D.

J.-J. Zondy, D. Touahri, and O. Acef, “Absolute value of the d36 nonlinear coefficient of AgGaS2: prospect for a low-threshold doubly resonant oscillator-based 3:1 frequency divider,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 14(10), 2481–2497 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tunchev, I.

V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, “The nonlinear coefficient d36 of CdSiP2,” Proc. SPIE 7197, 71970M (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tyazhev, A.

V. Badikov, D. Badikov, G. Shevyrdyaeva, A. Tyazhev, G. Marchev, V. Panyutin, V. Petrov, and A. Kwasniewski, “Phase-matching properties of BaGa4S7 and BaGa4Se7: wide-bandgap nonlinear crystals for the mid-infrared,” Phys. Status Solidi (RRL) 5(1), 31–33 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ye, N.

X. Lin, G. Zhang, and N. Ye, “Growth and characterization of BaGa4S7: a new crystal for mid-IR nonlinear optics,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(2), 1186–1189 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zawilski, K.

V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, “The nonlinear coefficient d36 of CdSiP2,” Proc. SPIE 7197, 71970M (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G.

X. Lin, G. Zhang, and N. Ye, “Growth and characterization of BaGa4S7: a new crystal for mid-IR nonlinear optics,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(2), 1186–1189 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zondy, J.-J.

J.-J. Zondy, D. Touahri, and O. Acef, “Absolute value of the d36 nonlinear coefficient of AgGaS2: prospect for a low-threshold doubly resonant oscillator-based 3:1 frequency divider,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 14(10), 2481–2497 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cryst. Growth Des. (1)

X. Lin, G. Zhang, and N. Ye, “Growth and characterization of BaGa4S7: a new crystal for mid-IR nonlinear optics,” Cryst. Growth Des. 9(2), 1186–1189 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

C. Hidaka, M. Goto, M. Kubo, and T. Takizawa, “Phase diagrams of the pseudo-binary systems of BaS-In2S3 and BaS-Ga2S3,” J. Cryst. Growth 275(1-2), e439–e443 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J.-J. Zondy, D. Touahri, and O. Acef, “Absolute value of the d36 nonlinear coefficient of AgGaS2: prospect for a low-threshold doubly resonant oscillator-based 3:1 frequency divider,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 14(10), 2481–2497 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi (RRL) (1)

V. Badikov, D. Badikov, G. Shevyrdyaeva, A. Tyazhev, G. Marchev, V. Panyutin, V. Petrov, and A. Kwasniewski, “Phase-matching properties of BaGa4S7 and BaGa4Se7: wide-bandgap nonlinear crystals for the mid-infrared,” Phys. Status Solidi (RRL) 5(1), 31–33 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, “The nonlinear coefficient d36 of CdSiP2,” Proc. SPIE 7197, 71970M (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Chim. Miner. (1)

B. Eisenmann, M. Jakowski, and H. Schäfer, “Zur Kenntnis von BaAl4S7 and BaGa4S7,” Rev. Chim. Miner. 20, 329–337 (1983).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Cube and (b) prisms of BGS prepared for determination of the two-fold axis and refractive indices, respectively, see [5].

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Unpolarized transmission spectrum of BGS measured with a 10.9 mm thick y-cut plate.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Phase-matching for down-conversion in BGS (a) in the x-y plane (oo-e negative type-I), (b) in the y-z plane (ee-o positive type-I), (c) in the x-z plane for θ>Ω (oe-o positive type-II) and (d) in the x-z plane for θ<Ω (oo-e negative type-I).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) AGS (left) and 3 BGS samples used for determination of the nonlinear coefficients, and (b) BGS damage test plate.

Equations (6)

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plane x y ,  oo e , d eff = d 32 sin φ ,
plane y z , ee o , d eff = d 32 sin 2 θ + d 31 cos 2 θ ,
plane x z , θ < Ω ,  oo e , d eff = d 31 cos θ ,
plane x z , θ > Ω ,   oe o , d eff = d 15 cos θ .
d 31 =   ( 0. 37  ±   0.0 2 ) d 36 =   ( 5 . ±   0. 3 )  pm / V ,
d 32 =   ( 0. 41  ±   0.0 2 ) d 36 =   ( 5 . ±   0. 3 )  pm / V ,

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