Abstract

We present a novel method for producing metamaterials with a terahertz magnetic response via fiber drawing, which can be inexpensively scaled up to mass production. We draw a centimeter preform to fiber, spool it, and partially sputter it with metal to produce extended slotted resonators. We characterize metamaterial fiber arrays with different orientations via terahertz time domain spectroscopy, observing distinct magnetic resonances between 0.3 and 0.4 THz, in excellent agreement with simulations. Numerical parameters retrieval techniques confirm that such metamaterials possess negative magnetic permeability. Combined with fiber-based negative permittivity materials, this will enable the development of the first woven negative index materials, as well as the fabrication of magnetic surface plasmon waveguides and subwavelength waveguides.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2011 (1)

C. R. Simovski, “On electromagnetic characterization and homogenization of nanostructured metamaterials,” J. Opt. 13(1), 013001 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (5)

E. M. Pogson, R. A. Lewis, M. Koeberle, and R. Jacoby, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy of nematic liquid crystals,” Proc. SPIE 7728, 77281Y, 77281Y-12 (2010).
[CrossRef]

A. Tuniz, B. T. Kuhlmey, R. Lwin, A. Wang, J. Anthony, R. Leonhardt, and S. C. Fleming, “Drawn metamaterials with plasmonic response at terahertz frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(19), 191101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

E. Badinter, A. Ioisher, E. Monaico, V. Postolache, and I. M. Tiginyanu, “Exceptional integration of metal or semimetal nanowires in human-hair-like glass fiber,” Mater. Lett. 64(17), 1902–1904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. K. Tyagi, H. W. Lee, P. Uebel, M. A. Schmidt, N. Joly, M. Scharrer, and P. St. J. Russell, “Plasmon resonances on gold nanowires directly drawn in a step-index fiber,” Opt. Lett. 35(15), 2573–2575 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Mazhorova, J. F. Gu, A. Dupuis, M. Peccianti, O. Tsuneyuki, R. Morandotti, H. Minamide, M. Tang, Y. Wang, H. Ito, and M. Skorobogatiy, “Composite THz materials using aligned metallic and semiconductor microwires, experiments and interpretation,” Opt. Express 18(24), 24632–24647 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (3)

C. E. Kriegler, M. S. Rill, M. Thiel, E. Müller, S. Essig, A. Frölich, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, D. Gerthsen, H. Hahn, K. Busch, and M. Wegener, “Transition between corrugated metal films and split-ring-resonator arrays,” Appl. Phys. B 96(4), 749–755 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Li, K. Aydin, and E. Ozbay, “Determination of the effective constitutive parameters of bianisotropic metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 79(2), 026610 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ishikawa, S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Deep subwavelength terahertz waveguides using gap magnetic plasmon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(4), 043904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (6)

L. Li Hou, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, X. Q. Lin, R. Liu, F. Y. Xu, and T. J. Cui, “Advanced parameter retrievals for metamaterial slabs using an inhomogeneous model,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(6), 064904 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Du, S. Liu, Z. Lin, and S. T. Chui, “Magnetic resonance of slotted circular cylinder resonators,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(1), 014907 (2008).
[CrossRef]

A. Boltasseva and V. M. Shalaev, “Fabrication of optical negative-index metamaterials: Recent advances and outlook,” Metamaterials (Amst.) 2(1), 1–17 (2008).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhang, Z. Ma, Z. Y. Yuan, and M. Su, “Mass-productions of vertically aligned extremely long metallic micro/nanowires using fiber drawing nanomanufacturing,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 20(7), 1310–1314 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Hou, D. Bird, A. George, S. Maier, B. T. Kuhlmey, and J. C. Knight, “Metallic mode confinement in microstructured fibres,” Opt. Express 16(9), 5983–5990 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Singh, E. Smirnova, A. J. Taylor, J. F. O’Hara, and W. Zhang, “Optically thin terahertz metamaterials,” Opt. Express 16(9), 6537–6543 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2007 (2)

V. M. Shalaev, “Optical negative-index metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 41–48 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C. M. Soukoulis, T. Koschny, J. Zhou, M. Kafesaki, and E. N. Economou, “Magnetic response of split ring resonators at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Status Solidi B 244(4), 1181–1187 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308(5721), 534–537 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electric coupling to the magnetic resonance of split ring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(15), 2943–2945 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

T. Koschny, P. Markos, D. R. Smith, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Resonant and antiresonant frequency dependence of the effective parameters of metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 68(6), 065602 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

1985 (1)

1979 (1)

C. L. Mok, W. G. Chambers, T. J. Parker, and A. E. Costley, “The far-infrared performance and application of free-standing grids wound from 5 μm diameter tungsten wire,” Infrared Phys. 19(3-4), 437–442 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Alexander, R. W.

Anthony, J.

A. Tuniz, B. T. Kuhlmey, R. Lwin, A. Wang, J. Anthony, R. Leonhardt, and S. C. Fleming, “Drawn metamaterials with plasmonic response at terahertz frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(19), 191101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Aydin, K.

Z. Li, K. Aydin, and E. Ozbay, “Determination of the effective constitutive parameters of bianisotropic metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 79(2), 026610 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Badinter, E.

E. Badinter, A. Ioisher, E. Monaico, V. Postolache, and I. M. Tiginyanu, “Exceptional integration of metal or semimetal nanowires in human-hair-like glass fiber,” Mater. Lett. 64(17), 1902–1904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bartal, G.

A. Ishikawa, S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Deep subwavelength terahertz waveguides using gap magnetic plasmon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(4), 043904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bell, R. J.

Bird, D.

Boltasseva, A.

A. Boltasseva and V. M. Shalaev, “Fabrication of optical negative-index metamaterials: Recent advances and outlook,” Metamaterials (Amst.) 2(1), 1–17 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Busch, K.

C. E. Kriegler, M. S. Rill, M. Thiel, E. Müller, S. Essig, A. Frölich, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, D. Gerthsen, H. Hahn, K. Busch, and M. Wegener, “Transition between corrugated metal films and split-ring-resonator arrays,” Appl. Phys. B 96(4), 749–755 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chambers, W. G.

C. L. Mok, W. G. Chambers, T. J. Parker, and A. E. Costley, “The far-infrared performance and application of free-standing grids wound from 5 μm diameter tungsten wire,” Infrared Phys. 19(3-4), 437–442 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Chin, J. Y.

L. Li Hou, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, X. Q. Lin, R. Liu, F. Y. Xu, and T. J. Cui, “Advanced parameter retrievals for metamaterial slabs using an inhomogeneous model,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(6), 064904 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Chui, S. T.

J. Du, S. Liu, Z. Lin, and S. T. Chui, “Magnetic resonance of slotted circular cylinder resonators,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(1), 014907 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Costley, A. E.

C. L. Mok, W. G. Chambers, T. J. Parker, and A. E. Costley, “The far-infrared performance and application of free-standing grids wound from 5 μm diameter tungsten wire,” Infrared Phys. 19(3-4), 437–442 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Cui, T. J.

L. Li Hou, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, X. Q. Lin, R. Liu, F. Y. Xu, and T. J. Cui, “Advanced parameter retrievals for metamaterial slabs using an inhomogeneous model,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(6), 064904 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cummer, S. A.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Du, J.

J. Du, S. Liu, Z. Lin, and S. T. Chui, “Magnetic resonance of slotted circular cylinder resonators,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(1), 014907 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dupuis, A.

Economou, E. N.

C. M. Soukoulis, T. Koschny, J. Zhou, M. Kafesaki, and E. N. Economou, “Magnetic response of split ring resonators at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Status Solidi B 244(4), 1181–1187 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electric coupling to the magnetic resonance of split ring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(15), 2943–2945 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Essig, S.

C. E. Kriegler, M. S. Rill, M. Thiel, E. Müller, S. Essig, A. Frölich, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, D. Gerthsen, H. Hahn, K. Busch, and M. Wegener, “Transition between corrugated metal films and split-ring-resonator arrays,” Appl. Phys. B 96(4), 749–755 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Exter, M.

Fang, N.

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308(5721), 534–537 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fattinger, C.

Fleming, S. C.

A. Tuniz, B. T. Kuhlmey, R. Lwin, A. Wang, J. Anthony, R. Leonhardt, and S. C. Fleming, “Drawn metamaterials with plasmonic response at terahertz frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(19), 191101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Frölich, A.

C. E. Kriegler, M. S. Rill, M. Thiel, E. Müller, S. Essig, A. Frölich, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, D. Gerthsen, H. Hahn, K. Busch, and M. Wegener, “Transition between corrugated metal films and split-ring-resonator arrays,” Appl. Phys. B 96(4), 749–755 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Genov, D. A.

A. Ishikawa, S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Deep subwavelength terahertz waveguides using gap magnetic plasmon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(4), 043904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

George, A.

Gerthsen, D.

C. E. Kriegler, M. S. Rill, M. Thiel, E. Müller, S. Essig, A. Frölich, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, D. Gerthsen, H. Hahn, K. Busch, and M. Wegener, “Transition between corrugated metal films and split-ring-resonator arrays,” Appl. Phys. B 96(4), 749–755 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Grischkowsky, D.

Gu, J. F.

Hahn, H.

C. E. Kriegler, M. S. Rill, M. Thiel, E. Müller, S. Essig, A. Frölich, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, D. Gerthsen, H. Hahn, K. Busch, and M. Wegener, “Transition between corrugated metal films and split-ring-resonator arrays,” Appl. Phys. B 96(4), 749–755 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Hou, J.

Ioisher, A.

E. Badinter, A. Ioisher, E. Monaico, V. Postolache, and I. M. Tiginyanu, “Exceptional integration of metal or semimetal nanowires in human-hair-like glass fiber,” Mater. Lett. 64(17), 1902–1904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, A.

A. Ishikawa, S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Deep subwavelength terahertz waveguides using gap magnetic plasmon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(4), 043904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ito, H.

Jacoby, R.

E. M. Pogson, R. A. Lewis, M. Koeberle, and R. Jacoby, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy of nematic liquid crystals,” Proc. SPIE 7728, 77281Y, 77281Y-12 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Joly, N.

Justice, B. J.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kafesaki, M.

C. M. Soukoulis, T. Koschny, J. Zhou, M. Kafesaki, and E. N. Economou, “Magnetic response of split ring resonators at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Status Solidi B 244(4), 1181–1187 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electric coupling to the magnetic resonance of split ring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(15), 2943–2945 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Katsarakis, N.

N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electric coupling to the magnetic resonance of split ring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(15), 2943–2945 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Keiding, S.

Knight, J. C.

Koeberle, M.

E. M. Pogson, R. A. Lewis, M. Koeberle, and R. Jacoby, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy of nematic liquid crystals,” Proc. SPIE 7728, 77281Y, 77281Y-12 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Koschny, T.

C. M. Soukoulis, T. Koschny, J. Zhou, M. Kafesaki, and E. N. Economou, “Magnetic response of split ring resonators at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Status Solidi B 244(4), 1181–1187 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electric coupling to the magnetic resonance of split ring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(15), 2943–2945 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Koschny, P. Markos, D. R. Smith, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Resonant and antiresonant frequency dependence of the effective parameters of metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 68(6), 065602 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kriegler, C. E.

C. E. Kriegler, M. S. Rill, M. Thiel, E. Müller, S. Essig, A. Frölich, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, D. Gerthsen, H. Hahn, K. Busch, and M. Wegener, “Transition between corrugated metal films and split-ring-resonator arrays,” Appl. Phys. B 96(4), 749–755 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kuhlmey, B. T.

A. Tuniz, B. T. Kuhlmey, R. Lwin, A. Wang, J. Anthony, R. Leonhardt, and S. C. Fleming, “Drawn metamaterials with plasmonic response at terahertz frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(19), 191101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Hou, D. Bird, A. George, S. Maier, B. T. Kuhlmey, and J. C. Knight, “Metallic mode confinement in microstructured fibres,” Opt. Express 16(9), 5983–5990 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, H.

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308(5721), 534–537 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, H. W.

Leonhardt, R.

A. Tuniz, B. T. Kuhlmey, R. Lwin, A. Wang, J. Anthony, R. Leonhardt, and S. C. Fleming, “Drawn metamaterials with plasmonic response at terahertz frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(19), 191101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lewis, R. A.

E. M. Pogson, R. A. Lewis, M. Koeberle, and R. Jacoby, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy of nematic liquid crystals,” Proc. SPIE 7728, 77281Y, 77281Y-12 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Li, Z.

Z. Li, K. Aydin, and E. Ozbay, “Determination of the effective constitutive parameters of bianisotropic metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 79(2), 026610 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li Hou, L.

L. Li Hou, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, X. Q. Lin, R. Liu, F. Y. Xu, and T. J. Cui, “Advanced parameter retrievals for metamaterial slabs using an inhomogeneous model,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(6), 064904 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, X. Q.

L. Li Hou, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, X. Q. Lin, R. Liu, F. Y. Xu, and T. J. Cui, “Advanced parameter retrievals for metamaterial slabs using an inhomogeneous model,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(6), 064904 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Z.

J. Du, S. Liu, Z. Lin, and S. T. Chui, “Magnetic resonance of slotted circular cylinder resonators,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(1), 014907 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Linden, S.

C. E. Kriegler, M. S. Rill, M. Thiel, E. Müller, S. Essig, A. Frölich, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, D. Gerthsen, H. Hahn, K. Busch, and M. Wegener, “Transition between corrugated metal films and split-ring-resonator arrays,” Appl. Phys. B 96(4), 749–755 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Liu, R.

L. Li Hou, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, X. Q. Lin, R. Liu, F. Y. Xu, and T. J. Cui, “Advanced parameter retrievals for metamaterial slabs using an inhomogeneous model,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(6), 064904 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Liu, S.

J. Du, S. Liu, Z. Lin, and S. T. Chui, “Magnetic resonance of slotted circular cylinder resonators,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(1), 014907 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Long, L. L.

Lwin, R.

A. Tuniz, B. T. Kuhlmey, R. Lwin, A. Wang, J. Anthony, R. Leonhardt, and S. C. Fleming, “Drawn metamaterials with plasmonic response at terahertz frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(19), 191101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ma, Z.

X. Zhang, Z. Ma, Z. Y. Yuan, and M. Su, “Mass-productions of vertically aligned extremely long metallic micro/nanowires using fiber drawing nanomanufacturing,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 20(7), 1310–1314 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Maier, S.

Markos, P.

T. Koschny, P. Markos, D. R. Smith, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Resonant and antiresonant frequency dependence of the effective parameters of metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 68(6), 065602 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mazhorova, A.

Minamide, H.

Mock, J. J.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mok, C. L.

C. L. Mok, W. G. Chambers, T. J. Parker, and A. E. Costley, “The far-infrared performance and application of free-standing grids wound from 5 μm diameter tungsten wire,” Infrared Phys. 19(3-4), 437–442 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Monaico, E.

E. Badinter, A. Ioisher, E. Monaico, V. Postolache, and I. M. Tiginyanu, “Exceptional integration of metal or semimetal nanowires in human-hair-like glass fiber,” Mater. Lett. 64(17), 1902–1904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Morandotti, R.

Müller, E.

C. E. Kriegler, M. S. Rill, M. Thiel, E. Müller, S. Essig, A. Frölich, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, D. Gerthsen, H. Hahn, K. Busch, and M. Wegener, “Transition between corrugated metal films and split-ring-resonator arrays,” Appl. Phys. B 96(4), 749–755 (2009).
[CrossRef]

O’Hara, J. F.

Ordal, M. A.

Ozbay, E.

Z. Li, K. Aydin, and E. Ozbay, “Determination of the effective constitutive parameters of bianisotropic metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 79(2), 026610 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Parker, T. J.

C. L. Mok, W. G. Chambers, T. J. Parker, and A. E. Costley, “The far-infrared performance and application of free-standing grids wound from 5 μm diameter tungsten wire,” Infrared Phys. 19(3-4), 437–442 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Peccianti, M.

Pendry, J. B.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pogson, E. M.

E. M. Pogson, R. A. Lewis, M. Koeberle, and R. Jacoby, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy of nematic liquid crystals,” Proc. SPIE 7728, 77281Y, 77281Y-12 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Postolache, V.

E. Badinter, A. Ioisher, E. Monaico, V. Postolache, and I. M. Tiginyanu, “Exceptional integration of metal or semimetal nanowires in human-hair-like glass fiber,” Mater. Lett. 64(17), 1902–1904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Querry, M. R.

Rill, M. S.

C. E. Kriegler, M. S. Rill, M. Thiel, E. Müller, S. Essig, A. Frölich, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, D. Gerthsen, H. Hahn, K. Busch, and M. Wegener, “Transition between corrugated metal films and split-ring-resonator arrays,” Appl. Phys. B 96(4), 749–755 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Russell, P. St. J.

Scharrer, M.

Schmidt, M. A.

Schurig, D.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shalaev, V. M.

A. Boltasseva and V. M. Shalaev, “Fabrication of optical negative-index metamaterials: Recent advances and outlook,” Metamaterials (Amst.) 2(1), 1–17 (2008).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Shalaev, “Optical negative-index metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 41–48 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Simovski, C. R.

C. R. Simovski, “On electromagnetic characterization and homogenization of nanostructured metamaterials,” J. Opt. 13(1), 013001 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Singh, R.

Skorobogatiy, M.

Smirnova, E.

Smith, D. R.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Koschny, P. Markos, D. R. Smith, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Resonant and antiresonant frequency dependence of the effective parameters of metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 68(6), 065602 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soukoulis, C. M.

C. M. Soukoulis, T. Koschny, J. Zhou, M. Kafesaki, and E. N. Economou, “Magnetic response of split ring resonators at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Status Solidi B 244(4), 1181–1187 (2007).
[CrossRef]

N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electric coupling to the magnetic resonance of split ring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(15), 2943–2945 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Koschny, P. Markos, D. R. Smith, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Resonant and antiresonant frequency dependence of the effective parameters of metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 68(6), 065602 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Starr, A. F.

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Su, M.

X. Zhang, Z. Ma, Z. Y. Yuan, and M. Su, “Mass-productions of vertically aligned extremely long metallic micro/nanowires using fiber drawing nanomanufacturing,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 20(7), 1310–1314 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sun, C.

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308(5721), 534–537 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tang, M.

Taylor, A. J.

Thiel, M.

C. E. Kriegler, M. S. Rill, M. Thiel, E. Müller, S. Essig, A. Frölich, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, D. Gerthsen, H. Hahn, K. Busch, and M. Wegener, “Transition between corrugated metal films and split-ring-resonator arrays,” Appl. Phys. B 96(4), 749–755 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Tiginyanu, I. M.

E. Badinter, A. Ioisher, E. Monaico, V. Postolache, and I. M. Tiginyanu, “Exceptional integration of metal or semimetal nanowires in human-hair-like glass fiber,” Mater. Lett. 64(17), 1902–1904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tsuneyuki, O.

Tuniz, A.

A. Tuniz, B. T. Kuhlmey, R. Lwin, A. Wang, J. Anthony, R. Leonhardt, and S. C. Fleming, “Drawn metamaterials with plasmonic response at terahertz frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(19), 191101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Tyagi, H. K.

Uebel, P.

von Freymann, G.

C. E. Kriegler, M. S. Rill, M. Thiel, E. Müller, S. Essig, A. Frölich, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, D. Gerthsen, H. Hahn, K. Busch, and M. Wegener, “Transition between corrugated metal films and split-ring-resonator arrays,” Appl. Phys. B 96(4), 749–755 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, A.

A. Tuniz, B. T. Kuhlmey, R. Lwin, A. Wang, J. Anthony, R. Leonhardt, and S. C. Fleming, “Drawn metamaterials with plasmonic response at terahertz frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(19), 191101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Wegener, M.

C. E. Kriegler, M. S. Rill, M. Thiel, E. Müller, S. Essig, A. Frölich, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, D. Gerthsen, H. Hahn, K. Busch, and M. Wegener, “Transition between corrugated metal films and split-ring-resonator arrays,” Appl. Phys. B 96(4), 749–755 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xu, F. Y.

L. Li Hou, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, X. Q. Lin, R. Liu, F. Y. Xu, and T. J. Cui, “Advanced parameter retrievals for metamaterial slabs using an inhomogeneous model,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(6), 064904 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yang, X. M.

L. Li Hou, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, X. Q. Lin, R. Liu, F. Y. Xu, and T. J. Cui, “Advanced parameter retrievals for metamaterial slabs using an inhomogeneous model,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(6), 064904 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yuan, Z. Y.

X. Zhang, Z. Ma, Z. Y. Yuan, and M. Su, “Mass-productions of vertically aligned extremely long metallic micro/nanowires using fiber drawing nanomanufacturing,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 20(7), 1310–1314 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S.

A. Ishikawa, S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Deep subwavelength terahertz waveguides using gap magnetic plasmon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(4), 043904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, W.

Zhang, X.

A. Ishikawa, S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Deep subwavelength terahertz waveguides using gap magnetic plasmon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(4), 043904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Zhang, Z. Ma, Z. Y. Yuan, and M. Su, “Mass-productions of vertically aligned extremely long metallic micro/nanowires using fiber drawing nanomanufacturing,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 20(7), 1310–1314 (2008).
[CrossRef]

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308(5721), 534–537 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhou, J.

C. M. Soukoulis, T. Koschny, J. Zhou, M. Kafesaki, and E. N. Economou, “Magnetic response of split ring resonators at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Status Solidi B 244(4), 1181–1187 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) (1)

X. Zhang, Z. Ma, Z. Y. Yuan, and M. Su, “Mass-productions of vertically aligned extremely long metallic micro/nanowires using fiber drawing nanomanufacturing,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) 20(7), 1310–1314 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

C. E. Kriegler, M. S. Rill, M. Thiel, E. Müller, S. Essig, A. Frölich, G. von Freymann, S. Linden, D. Gerthsen, H. Hahn, K. Busch, and M. Wegener, “Transition between corrugated metal films and split-ring-resonator arrays,” Appl. Phys. B 96(4), 749–755 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

A. Tuniz, B. T. Kuhlmey, R. Lwin, A. Wang, J. Anthony, R. Leonhardt, and S. C. Fleming, “Drawn metamaterials with plasmonic response at terahertz frequencies,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(19), 191101 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Katsarakis, T. Koschny, M. Kafesaki, E. N. Economou, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Electric coupling to the magnetic resonance of split ring resonators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 84(15), 2943–2945 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Infrared Phys. (1)

C. L. Mok, W. G. Chambers, T. J. Parker, and A. E. Costley, “The far-infrared performance and application of free-standing grids wound from 5 μm diameter tungsten wire,” Infrared Phys. 19(3-4), 437–442 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

L. Li Hou, J. Y. Chin, X. M. Yang, X. Q. Lin, R. Liu, F. Y. Xu, and T. J. Cui, “Advanced parameter retrievals for metamaterial slabs using an inhomogeneous model,” J. Appl. Phys. 103(6), 064904 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Du, S. Liu, Z. Lin, and S. T. Chui, “Magnetic resonance of slotted circular cylinder resonators,” J. Appl. Phys. 104(1), 014907 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. (1)

C. R. Simovski, “On electromagnetic characterization and homogenization of nanostructured metamaterials,” J. Opt. 13(1), 013001 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Mater. Lett. (1)

E. Badinter, A. Ioisher, E. Monaico, V. Postolache, and I. M. Tiginyanu, “Exceptional integration of metal or semimetal nanowires in human-hair-like glass fiber,” Mater. Lett. 64(17), 1902–1904 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Metamaterials (Amst.) (1)

A. Boltasseva and V. M. Shalaev, “Fabrication of optical negative-index metamaterials: Recent advances and outlook,” Metamaterials (Amst.) 2(1), 1–17 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Nat. Photonics (1)

V. M. Shalaev, “Optical negative-index metamaterials,” Nat. Photonics 1(1), 41–48 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. (2)

T. Koschny, P. Markos, D. R. Smith, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Resonant and antiresonant frequency dependence of the effective parameters of metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 68(6), 065602 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Li, K. Aydin, and E. Ozbay, “Determination of the effective constitutive parameters of bianisotropic metamaterials from reflection and transmission coefficients,” Phys. Rev. E Stat. Nonlin. Soft Matter Phys. 79(2), 026610 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

A. Ishikawa, S. Zhang, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Deep subwavelength terahertz waveguides using gap magnetic plasmon,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 102(4), 043904 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Status Solidi B (1)

C. M. Soukoulis, T. Koschny, J. Zhou, M. Kafesaki, and E. N. Economou, “Magnetic response of split ring resonators at terahertz frequencies,” Phys. Status Solidi B 244(4), 1181–1187 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (1)

E. M. Pogson, R. A. Lewis, M. Koeberle, and R. Jacoby, “Terahertz time-domain spectroscopy of nematic liquid crystals,” Proc. SPIE 7728, 77281Y, 77281Y-12 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

N. Fang, H. Lee, C. Sun, and X. Zhang, “Sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging with a silver superlens,” Science 308(5721), 534–537 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Schurig, J. J. Mock, B. J. Justice, S. A. Cummer, J. B. Pendry, A. F. Starr, and D. R. Smith, “Metamaterial electromagnetic cloak at microwave frequencies,” Science 314(5801), 977–980 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

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L. H. Sperling, Introduction to Physical Polymer Science (Wiley-Interscience, 2001).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the fabrication procedure. i) A dielectric square preform is drawn, ii) sputtered with silver on three sides and iii) spooled into an array. (b) Optical microscope image of the metamaterial array. (c) SEM micrograph of i) the cross section of the metamaterial fiber and ii) of its 250nm silver coating.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Experimental and simulated transmittance and phase (inset) under TM polarization. The transmission dip indicates a magnetic resonance. (b) Experimental and simulated transmittance under TE polarization. (c) Schematic of the fiber array orientations. (d) Relative phase of the simulated magnetic field at the center of the resonator with respect to the incident field. (e) Color plot of the simulated magnetic field incident under TM polarization for the symmetric resonator at (i) 0.15 THz, (ii) 0.34 THz and (iii) 0.37 THz.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Real and imaginary parts of the retrieved (a) μ, (b) ε, and (c) magnetoelectric coupling coefficient ξ for the symmetric and asymmetric fiber orientations, under TM polarization. Note that for symmetric resonator orientations ξ is zero.

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