Abstract

Coloration using semicontinuous metal films has been explored recently and has shown far-reaching interest as a result of being inexpensive, environment-friendly, and non-bleaching. In this paper, we demonstrate the generation of bright colors through laser modification of semicontinuous Ag films. A palette of colors is obtained from blue through green, orange, up to red, and the potential exists to obtain other hues through varying the scan speed, number of pulses, energy density, power, and exposure time. This unique process can be applied to the macroscopic, mesoscopic and nanoscopic printing of innovatory fade-free artistic images as one example of application.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2019 (1)

A. S. Roberts, S. M. Novikov, Y. Yang, Y. Chen, S. Boroviks, J. Beermann, N. A. Mortensen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Laser Writing of Bright Colors on Near-Percolation Plasmonic Reflector Arrays,” ACS Nano 13(1), 71–77 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (3)

J.-M. Guay, A. Calà Lesina, G. Côté, M. Charron, D. Poitras, L. Ramunno, P. Berini, and A. Weck, “Laser-induced plasmonic colours on metals,” Nat. Commun. 8, 16095 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

X. Wang, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, “Strong Improvement of Long-Term Chemical and Thermal Stability of Plasmonic Silver Nanoantennas and Films,” Small 13(28), 1700044 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2(1), 16088 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

V. C. de Silva, P. Nyga, and V. P. Drachev, “Optimization and photomodification of extremely broadband optical response of plasmonic core-shell obscurants,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 484, 116–124 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (2)

F. Cheng, J. Gao, T. S. Luk, and X. Yang, “Structural color printing based on plasmonic metasurfaces of perfect light absorption,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 11045 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Dean, “Colouring at the nanoscale,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(1), 15–16 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (2)

A. S. Roberts, A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Subwavelength Plasmonic Color Printing Protected for Ambient Use,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 783–787 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic Color Palettes for Photorealistic Printing with Aluminum Nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (1)

2012 (1)

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

M. D. Thoreson, J. Fang, A. V. Kildishev, L. J. Prokopeva, P. Nyga, U. K. Chettiar, V. M. Shalaev, and V. P. Drachev, “Fabrication and realistic modeling of three-dimensional metal-dielectric composites,” J. Nanophotonics 5(1), 051513 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

K.-P. Chen, V. P. Drachev, J. D. Borneman, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Drude Relaxation Rate in Grained Gold Nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 916–922 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

U. K. Chettiar, P. Nyga, M. D. Thoreson, A. V. Kildishev, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “FDTD modeling of realistic semicontinuous metal films,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 159–168 (2010).
[Crossref]

T. Xu, Y.-K. Wu, X. Luo, and L. J. Guo, “Plasmonic nanoresonators for high-resolution colour filtering and spectral imaging,” Nat. Commun. 1(5), 59 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (2)

P. Colomban, “The Use of Metal Nanoparticles to Produce Yellow, Red and Iridescent Colour, from Bronze Age to Present Times in Lustre Pottery and Glass: Solid State Chemistry, Spectroscopy and Nanostructure,” J. Nano Res. 8, 109–132 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Lončarić, J. Sancho-Parramon, M. Pavlović, H. Zorc, P. Dubček, A. Turković, S. Bernstorff, G. Jakopic, and A. Haase, “Optical and structural characterization of silver islands films on glass substrates,” Vacuum 84(1), 188–192 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

A. Y. Vorobyev and C. Guo, “Colorizing metals with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041914 (2008).
[Crossref]

P. Nyga, V. P. Drachev, M. D. Thoreson, and V. M. Shalaev, “Mid-IR plasmonics and photomodification with Ag films,” Appl. Phys. B 93(1), 59–68 (2008).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

A. Y. Vorobyev and C. Guo, “Enhanced absorptance of gold following multipulse femtosecond laser ablation,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 72(19), 195422 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

D. A. Genov, A. K. Sarychev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Metal-Dielectric Composite Filters with Controlled Spectral Windows of Transparency,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 12(04), 419–440 (2003).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

S. Grésillon, L. Aigouy, A. C. Boccara, J. C. Rivoal, X. Quelin, C. Desmarest, P. Gadenne, V. A. Shubin, A. K. Sarychev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Experimental Observation of Localized Optical Excitations in Random Metal-Dielectric Films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(22), 4520–4523 (1999).
[Crossref]

A. K. Sarychev, V. A. Shubin, and V. M. Shalaev, “Anderson localization of surface plasmons and nonlinear optics of metal-dielectric composites,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 60(24), 16389–16408 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

V. P. Safonov, V. M. Shalaev, V. A. Markel, Y. E. Danilova, N. N. Lepeshkin, W. Kim, S. G. Rautian, and R. L. Armstrong, “Spectral Dependence of Selective Photomodification in Fractal Aggregates of Colloidal Particles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(5), 1102–1105 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

Y. E. Danilova, N. N. Lepeshkin, S. G. Rautian, and V. P. Safonov, “Excitation localization and nonlinear optical processes in colloidal silver aggregates,” Phys. A Stat. Mech. its Appl. 241(1–2), 231–235 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (2)

V. M. Shalaev, “Electromagnetic properties of small-particle composites,” Phys. Rep. 272(2–3), 61–137 (1996).
[Crossref]

V. A. Markel, V. M. Shalaev, E. B. Stechel, W. Kim, and R. L. Armstrong, “Small-particle composites. I. Linear optical properties,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(5), 2425–2436 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

V. M. Shalaev, R. Botet, and A. V. Butenko, “Localization of collective dipole excitations on fractals,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 48(9), 6662–6664 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

Y. Yagil, P. Gadenne, C. Julien, and G. Deutscher, “Optical properties of thin semicontinuous gold films over a wavelength range of 2.5 to 500 µm,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 46(4), 2503–2511 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

A. V. Karpov, A. K. Popov, S. G. Rautian, V. P. Safonov, V. V. Slabko, V. M. Shalaev, and M. I. Shtokman, “Observation of a wavelength- and polarization-selective photomodification of silver clusters,” JETP Lett. 48(10), 571 (1988).

Aigouy, L.

S. Grésillon, L. Aigouy, A. C. Boccara, J. C. Rivoal, X. Quelin, C. Desmarest, P. Gadenne, V. A. Shubin, A. K. Sarychev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Experimental Observation of Localized Optical Excitations in Random Metal-Dielectric Films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(22), 4520–4523 (1999).
[Crossref]

Albrektsen, O.

A. S. Roberts, A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Subwavelength Plasmonic Color Printing Protected for Ambient Use,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 783–787 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Armstrong, R. L.

V. P. Safonov, V. M. Shalaev, V. A. Markel, Y. E. Danilova, N. N. Lepeshkin, W. Kim, S. G. Rautian, and R. L. Armstrong, “Spectral Dependence of Selective Photomodification in Fractal Aggregates of Colloidal Particles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(5), 1102–1105 (1998).
[Crossref]

V. A. Markel, V. M. Shalaev, E. B. Stechel, W. Kim, and R. L. Armstrong, “Small-particle composites. I. Linear optical properties,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(5), 2425–2436 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Beermann, J.

A. S. Roberts, S. M. Novikov, Y. Yang, Y. Chen, S. Boroviks, J. Beermann, N. A. Mortensen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Laser Writing of Bright Colors on Near-Percolation Plasmonic Reflector Arrays,” ACS Nano 13(1), 71–77 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Berini, P.

J.-M. Guay, A. Calà Lesina, G. Côté, M. Charron, D. Poitras, L. Ramunno, P. Berini, and A. Weck, “Laser-induced plasmonic colours on metals,” Nat. Commun. 8, 16095 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bernstorff, S.

M. Lončarić, J. Sancho-Parramon, M. Pavlović, H. Zorc, P. Dubček, A. Turković, S. Bernstorff, G. Jakopic, and A. Haase, “Optical and structural characterization of silver islands films on glass substrates,” Vacuum 84(1), 188–192 (2009).
[Crossref]

Boccara, A. C.

S. Grésillon, L. Aigouy, A. C. Boccara, J. C. Rivoal, X. Quelin, C. Desmarest, P. Gadenne, V. A. Shubin, A. K. Sarychev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Experimental Observation of Localized Optical Excitations in Random Metal-Dielectric Films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(22), 4520–4523 (1999).
[Crossref]

Borneman, J. D.

K.-P. Chen, V. P. Drachev, J. D. Borneman, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Drude Relaxation Rate in Grained Gold Nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 916–922 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Boroviks, S.

A. S. Roberts, S. M. Novikov, Y. Yang, Y. Chen, S. Boroviks, J. Beermann, N. A. Mortensen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Laser Writing of Bright Colors on Near-Percolation Plasmonic Reflector Arrays,” ACS Nano 13(1), 71–77 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Botet, R.

V. M. Shalaev, R. Botet, and A. V. Butenko, “Localization of collective dipole excitations on fractals,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 48(9), 6662–6664 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bozhevolnyi, S. I.

A. S. Roberts, S. M. Novikov, Y. Yang, Y. Chen, S. Boroviks, J. Beermann, N. A. Mortensen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Laser Writing of Bright Colors on Near-Percolation Plasmonic Reflector Arrays,” ACS Nano 13(1), 71–77 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2(1), 16088 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. S. Roberts, A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Subwavelength Plasmonic Color Printing Protected for Ambient Use,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 783–787 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Pors and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for efficient phase control in reflection,” Opt. Express 21(22), 27438–27451 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Butenko, A. V.

V. M. Shalaev, R. Botet, and A. V. Butenko, “Localization of collective dipole excitations on fractals,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 48(9), 6662–6664 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Calà Lesina, A.

J.-M. Guay, A. Calà Lesina, G. Côté, M. Charron, D. Poitras, L. Ramunno, P. Berini, and A. Weck, “Laser-induced plasmonic colours on metals,” Nat. Commun. 8, 16095 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Charron, M.

J.-M. Guay, A. Calà Lesina, G. Côté, M. Charron, D. Poitras, L. Ramunno, P. Berini, and A. Weck, “Laser-induced plasmonic colours on metals,” Nat. Commun. 8, 16095 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, K.-P.

K.-P. Chen, V. P. Drachev, J. D. Borneman, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Drude Relaxation Rate in Grained Gold Nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 916–922 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

A. S. Roberts, S. M. Novikov, Y. Yang, Y. Chen, S. Boroviks, J. Beermann, N. A. Mortensen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Laser Writing of Bright Colors on Near-Percolation Plasmonic Reflector Arrays,” ACS Nano 13(1), 71–77 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, F.

F. Cheng, J. Gao, T. S. Luk, and X. Yang, “Structural color printing based on plasmonic metasurfaces of perfect light absorption,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 11045 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chettiar, U. K.

M. D. Thoreson, J. Fang, A. V. Kildishev, L. J. Prokopeva, P. Nyga, U. K. Chettiar, V. M. Shalaev, and V. P. Drachev, “Fabrication and realistic modeling of three-dimensional metal-dielectric composites,” J. Nanophotonics 5(1), 051513 (2011).
[Crossref]

U. K. Chettiar, P. Nyga, M. D. Thoreson, A. V. Kildishev, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “FDTD modeling of realistic semicontinuous metal films,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 159–168 (2010).
[Crossref]

Colomban, P.

P. Colomban, “The Use of Metal Nanoparticles to Produce Yellow, Red and Iridescent Colour, from Bronze Age to Present Times in Lustre Pottery and Glass: Solid State Chemistry, Spectroscopy and Nanostructure,” J. Nano Res. 8, 109–132 (2009).
[Crossref]

Côté, G.

J.-M. Guay, A. Calà Lesina, G. Côté, M. Charron, D. Poitras, L. Ramunno, P. Berini, and A. Weck, “Laser-induced plasmonic colours on metals,” Nat. Commun. 8, 16095 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Danilova, Y. E.

V. P. Safonov, V. M. Shalaev, V. A. Markel, Y. E. Danilova, N. N. Lepeshkin, W. Kim, S. G. Rautian, and R. L. Armstrong, “Spectral Dependence of Selective Photomodification in Fractal Aggregates of Colloidal Particles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(5), 1102–1105 (1998).
[Crossref]

Y. E. Danilova, N. N. Lepeshkin, S. G. Rautian, and V. P. Safonov, “Excitation localization and nonlinear optical processes in colloidal silver aggregates,” Phys. A Stat. Mech. its Appl. 241(1–2), 231–235 (1997).
[Crossref]

de Silva, V. C.

V. C. de Silva, P. Nyga, and V. P. Drachev, “Optimization and photomodification of extremely broadband optical response of plasmonic core-shell obscurants,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 484, 116–124 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dean, N.

N. Dean, “Colouring at the nanoscale,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(1), 15–16 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Desmarest, C.

S. Grésillon, L. Aigouy, A. C. Boccara, J. C. Rivoal, X. Quelin, C. Desmarest, P. Gadenne, V. A. Shubin, A. K. Sarychev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Experimental Observation of Localized Optical Excitations in Random Metal-Dielectric Films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(22), 4520–4523 (1999).
[Crossref]

Deutscher, G.

Y. Yagil, P. Gadenne, C. Julien, and G. Deutscher, “Optical properties of thin semicontinuous gold films over a wavelength range of 2.5 to 500 µm,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 46(4), 2503–2511 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Drachev, V. P.

V. C. de Silva, P. Nyga, and V. P. Drachev, “Optimization and photomodification of extremely broadband optical response of plasmonic core-shell obscurants,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 484, 116–124 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. D. Thoreson, J. Fang, A. V. Kildishev, L. J. Prokopeva, P. Nyga, U. K. Chettiar, V. M. Shalaev, and V. P. Drachev, “Fabrication and realistic modeling of three-dimensional metal-dielectric composites,” J. Nanophotonics 5(1), 051513 (2011).
[Crossref]

K.-P. Chen, V. P. Drachev, J. D. Borneman, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Drude Relaxation Rate in Grained Gold Nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 916–922 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

U. K. Chettiar, P. Nyga, M. D. Thoreson, A. V. Kildishev, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “FDTD modeling of realistic semicontinuous metal films,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 159–168 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. Nyga, V. P. Drachev, M. D. Thoreson, and V. M. Shalaev, “Mid-IR plasmonics and photomodification with Ag films,” Appl. Phys. B 93(1), 59–68 (2008).
[Crossref]

Duan, H.

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dubcek, P.

M. Lončarić, J. Sancho-Parramon, M. Pavlović, H. Zorc, P. Dubček, A. Turković, S. Bernstorff, G. Jakopic, and A. Haase, “Optical and structural characterization of silver islands films on glass substrates,” Vacuum 84(1), 188–192 (2009).
[Crossref]

Fang, J.

M. D. Thoreson, J. Fang, A. V. Kildishev, L. J. Prokopeva, P. Nyga, U. K. Chettiar, V. M. Shalaev, and V. P. Drachev, “Fabrication and realistic modeling of three-dimensional metal-dielectric composites,” J. Nanophotonics 5(1), 051513 (2011).
[Crossref]

Gadenne, P.

S. Grésillon, L. Aigouy, A. C. Boccara, J. C. Rivoal, X. Quelin, C. Desmarest, P. Gadenne, V. A. Shubin, A. K. Sarychev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Experimental Observation of Localized Optical Excitations in Random Metal-Dielectric Films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(22), 4520–4523 (1999).
[Crossref]

Y. Yagil, P. Gadenne, C. Julien, and G. Deutscher, “Optical properties of thin semicontinuous gold films over a wavelength range of 2.5 to 500 µm,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 46(4), 2503–2511 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gao, J.

F. Cheng, J. Gao, T. S. Luk, and X. Yang, “Structural color printing based on plasmonic metasurfaces of perfect light absorption,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 11045 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Genov, D. A.

D. A. Genov, A. K. Sarychev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Metal-Dielectric Composite Filters with Controlled Spectral Windows of Transparency,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 12(04), 419–440 (2003).
[Crossref]

Goh, X. M.

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic Color Palettes for Photorealistic Printing with Aluminum Nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grésillon, S.

S. Grésillon, L. Aigouy, A. C. Boccara, J. C. Rivoal, X. Quelin, C. Desmarest, P. Gadenne, V. A. Shubin, A. K. Sarychev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Experimental Observation of Localized Optical Excitations in Random Metal-Dielectric Films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(22), 4520–4523 (1999).
[Crossref]

Guay, J.-M.

J.-M. Guay, A. Calà Lesina, G. Côté, M. Charron, D. Poitras, L. Ramunno, P. Berini, and A. Weck, “Laser-induced plasmonic colours on metals,” Nat. Commun. 8, 16095 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Guo, C.

A. Y. Vorobyev and C. Guo, “Colorizing metals with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041914 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Y. Vorobyev and C. Guo, “Enhanced absorptance of gold following multipulse femtosecond laser ablation,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 72(19), 195422 (2005).
[Crossref]

Guo, L. J.

T. Xu, Y.-K. Wu, X. Luo, and L. J. Guo, “Plasmonic nanoresonators for high-resolution colour filtering and spectral imaging,” Nat. Commun. 1(5), 59 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haase, A.

M. Lončarić, J. Sancho-Parramon, M. Pavlović, H. Zorc, P. Dubček, A. Turković, S. Bernstorff, G. Jakopic, and A. Haase, “Optical and structural characterization of silver islands films on glass substrates,” Vacuum 84(1), 188–192 (2009).
[Crossref]

Halas, N. J.

A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2(1), 16088 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hegde, R. S.

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jakopic, G.

M. Lončarić, J. Sancho-Parramon, M. Pavlović, H. Zorc, P. Dubček, A. Turković, S. Bernstorff, G. Jakopic, and A. Haase, “Optical and structural characterization of silver islands films on glass substrates,” Vacuum 84(1), 188–192 (2009).
[Crossref]

Julien, C.

Y. Yagil, P. Gadenne, C. Julien, and G. Deutscher, “Optical properties of thin semicontinuous gold films over a wavelength range of 2.5 to 500 µm,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 46(4), 2503–2511 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Karpov, A. V.

A. V. Karpov, A. K. Popov, S. G. Rautian, V. P. Safonov, V. V. Slabko, V. M. Shalaev, and M. I. Shtokman, “Observation of a wavelength- and polarization-selective photomodification of silver clusters,” JETP Lett. 48(10), 571 (1988).

Kildishev, A. V.

M. D. Thoreson, J. Fang, A. V. Kildishev, L. J. Prokopeva, P. Nyga, U. K. Chettiar, V. M. Shalaev, and V. P. Drachev, “Fabrication and realistic modeling of three-dimensional metal-dielectric composites,” J. Nanophotonics 5(1), 051513 (2011).
[Crossref]

K.-P. Chen, V. P. Drachev, J. D. Borneman, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Drude Relaxation Rate in Grained Gold Nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 916–922 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

U. K. Chettiar, P. Nyga, M. D. Thoreson, A. V. Kildishev, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “FDTD modeling of realistic semicontinuous metal films,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 159–168 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kim, W.

V. P. Safonov, V. M. Shalaev, V. A. Markel, Y. E. Danilova, N. N. Lepeshkin, W. Kim, S. G. Rautian, and R. L. Armstrong, “Spectral Dependence of Selective Photomodification in Fractal Aggregates of Colloidal Particles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(5), 1102–1105 (1998).
[Crossref]

V. A. Markel, V. M. Shalaev, E. B. Stechel, W. Kim, and R. L. Armstrong, “Small-particle composites. I. Linear optical properties,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(5), 2425–2436 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Koh, S. C. W.

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kristensen, A.

A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2(1), 16088 (2017).
[Crossref]

Kumar, K.

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic Color Palettes for Photorealistic Printing with Aluminum Nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lepeshkin, N. N.

V. P. Safonov, V. M. Shalaev, V. A. Markel, Y. E. Danilova, N. N. Lepeshkin, W. Kim, S. G. Rautian, and R. L. Armstrong, “Spectral Dependence of Selective Photomodification in Fractal Aggregates of Colloidal Particles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(5), 1102–1105 (1998).
[Crossref]

Y. E. Danilova, N. N. Lepeshkin, S. G. Rautian, and V. P. Safonov, “Excitation localization and nonlinear optical processes in colloidal silver aggregates,” Phys. A Stat. Mech. its Appl. 241(1–2), 231–235 (1997).
[Crossref]

Link, S.

A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2(1), 16088 (2017).
[Crossref]

Loncaric, M.

M. Lončarić, J. Sancho-Parramon, M. Pavlović, H. Zorc, P. Dubček, A. Turković, S. Bernstorff, G. Jakopic, and A. Haase, “Optical and structural characterization of silver islands films on glass substrates,” Vacuum 84(1), 188–192 (2009).
[Crossref]

Luk, T. S.

F. Cheng, J. Gao, T. S. Luk, and X. Yang, “Structural color printing based on plasmonic metasurfaces of perfect light absorption,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 11045 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luo, X.

T. Xu, Y.-K. Wu, X. Luo, and L. J. Guo, “Plasmonic nanoresonators for high-resolution colour filtering and spectral imaging,” Nat. Commun. 1(5), 59 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Markel, V. A.

V. P. Safonov, V. M. Shalaev, V. A. Markel, Y. E. Danilova, N. N. Lepeshkin, W. Kim, S. G. Rautian, and R. L. Armstrong, “Spectral Dependence of Selective Photomodification in Fractal Aggregates of Colloidal Particles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(5), 1102–1105 (1998).
[Crossref]

V. A. Markel, V. M. Shalaev, E. B. Stechel, W. Kim, and R. L. Armstrong, “Small-particle composites. I. Linear optical properties,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(5), 2425–2436 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martin, O. J. F.

X. Wang, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, “Strong Improvement of Long-Term Chemical and Thermal Stability of Plasmonic Silver Nanoantennas and Films,” Small 13(28), 1700044 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mortensen, N. A.

A. S. Roberts, S. M. Novikov, Y. Yang, Y. Chen, S. Boroviks, J. Beermann, N. A. Mortensen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Laser Writing of Bright Colors on Near-Percolation Plasmonic Reflector Arrays,” ACS Nano 13(1), 71–77 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2(1), 16088 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nordlander, P.

A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2(1), 16088 (2017).
[Crossref]

Novikov, S. M.

A. S. Roberts, S. M. Novikov, Y. Yang, Y. Chen, S. Boroviks, J. Beermann, N. A. Mortensen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Laser Writing of Bright Colors on Near-Percolation Plasmonic Reflector Arrays,” ACS Nano 13(1), 71–77 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nyga, P.

V. C. de Silva, P. Nyga, and V. P. Drachev, “Optimization and photomodification of extremely broadband optical response of plasmonic core-shell obscurants,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 484, 116–124 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. D. Thoreson, J. Fang, A. V. Kildishev, L. J. Prokopeva, P. Nyga, U. K. Chettiar, V. M. Shalaev, and V. P. Drachev, “Fabrication and realistic modeling of three-dimensional metal-dielectric composites,” J. Nanophotonics 5(1), 051513 (2011).
[Crossref]

U. K. Chettiar, P. Nyga, M. D. Thoreson, A. V. Kildishev, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “FDTD modeling of realistic semicontinuous metal films,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 159–168 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. Nyga, V. P. Drachev, M. D. Thoreson, and V. M. Shalaev, “Mid-IR plasmonics and photomodification with Ag films,” Appl. Phys. B 93(1), 59–68 (2008).
[Crossref]

Pavlovic, M.

M. Lončarić, J. Sancho-Parramon, M. Pavlović, H. Zorc, P. Dubček, A. Turković, S. Bernstorff, G. Jakopic, and A. Haase, “Optical and structural characterization of silver islands films on glass substrates,” Vacuum 84(1), 188–192 (2009).
[Crossref]

Poitras, D.

J.-M. Guay, A. Calà Lesina, G. Côté, M. Charron, D. Poitras, L. Ramunno, P. Berini, and A. Weck, “Laser-induced plasmonic colours on metals,” Nat. Commun. 8, 16095 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Popov, A. K.

A. V. Karpov, A. K. Popov, S. G. Rautian, V. P. Safonov, V. V. Slabko, V. M. Shalaev, and M. I. Shtokman, “Observation of a wavelength- and polarization-selective photomodification of silver clusters,” JETP Lett. 48(10), 571 (1988).

Pors, A.

A. S. Roberts, A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Subwavelength Plasmonic Color Printing Protected for Ambient Use,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 783–787 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Pors and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Plasmonic metasurfaces for efficient phase control in reflection,” Opt. Express 21(22), 27438–27451 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prokopeva, L. J.

M. D. Thoreson, J. Fang, A. V. Kildishev, L. J. Prokopeva, P. Nyga, U. K. Chettiar, V. M. Shalaev, and V. P. Drachev, “Fabrication and realistic modeling of three-dimensional metal-dielectric composites,” J. Nanophotonics 5(1), 051513 (2011).
[Crossref]

Qiu, C.-W.

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic Color Palettes for Photorealistic Printing with Aluminum Nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Quelin, X.

S. Grésillon, L. Aigouy, A. C. Boccara, J. C. Rivoal, X. Quelin, C. Desmarest, P. Gadenne, V. A. Shubin, A. K. Sarychev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Experimental Observation of Localized Optical Excitations in Random Metal-Dielectric Films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(22), 4520–4523 (1999).
[Crossref]

Ramunno, L.

J.-M. Guay, A. Calà Lesina, G. Côté, M. Charron, D. Poitras, L. Ramunno, P. Berini, and A. Weck, “Laser-induced plasmonic colours on metals,” Nat. Commun. 8, 16095 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rautian, S. G.

V. P. Safonov, V. M. Shalaev, V. A. Markel, Y. E. Danilova, N. N. Lepeshkin, W. Kim, S. G. Rautian, and R. L. Armstrong, “Spectral Dependence of Selective Photomodification in Fractal Aggregates of Colloidal Particles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(5), 1102–1105 (1998).
[Crossref]

Y. E. Danilova, N. N. Lepeshkin, S. G. Rautian, and V. P. Safonov, “Excitation localization and nonlinear optical processes in colloidal silver aggregates,” Phys. A Stat. Mech. its Appl. 241(1–2), 231–235 (1997).
[Crossref]

A. V. Karpov, A. K. Popov, S. G. Rautian, V. P. Safonov, V. V. Slabko, V. M. Shalaev, and M. I. Shtokman, “Observation of a wavelength- and polarization-selective photomodification of silver clusters,” JETP Lett. 48(10), 571 (1988).

Rivoal, J. C.

S. Grésillon, L. Aigouy, A. C. Boccara, J. C. Rivoal, X. Quelin, C. Desmarest, P. Gadenne, V. A. Shubin, A. K. Sarychev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Experimental Observation of Localized Optical Excitations in Random Metal-Dielectric Films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(22), 4520–4523 (1999).
[Crossref]

Roberts, A. S.

A. S. Roberts, S. M. Novikov, Y. Yang, Y. Chen, S. Boroviks, J. Beermann, N. A. Mortensen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Laser Writing of Bright Colors on Near-Percolation Plasmonic Reflector Arrays,” ACS Nano 13(1), 71–77 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. S. Roberts, A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Subwavelength Plasmonic Color Printing Protected for Ambient Use,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 783–787 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Safonov, V. P.

V. P. Safonov, V. M. Shalaev, V. A. Markel, Y. E. Danilova, N. N. Lepeshkin, W. Kim, S. G. Rautian, and R. L. Armstrong, “Spectral Dependence of Selective Photomodification in Fractal Aggregates of Colloidal Particles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(5), 1102–1105 (1998).
[Crossref]

Y. E. Danilova, N. N. Lepeshkin, S. G. Rautian, and V. P. Safonov, “Excitation localization and nonlinear optical processes in colloidal silver aggregates,” Phys. A Stat. Mech. its Appl. 241(1–2), 231–235 (1997).
[Crossref]

A. V. Karpov, A. K. Popov, S. G. Rautian, V. P. Safonov, V. V. Slabko, V. M. Shalaev, and M. I. Shtokman, “Observation of a wavelength- and polarization-selective photomodification of silver clusters,” JETP Lett. 48(10), 571 (1988).

Sancho-Parramon, J.

M. Lončarić, J. Sancho-Parramon, M. Pavlović, H. Zorc, P. Dubček, A. Turković, S. Bernstorff, G. Jakopic, and A. Haase, “Optical and structural characterization of silver islands films on glass substrates,” Vacuum 84(1), 188–192 (2009).
[Crossref]

Santschi, C.

X. Wang, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, “Strong Improvement of Long-Term Chemical and Thermal Stability of Plasmonic Silver Nanoantennas and Films,” Small 13(28), 1700044 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sarychev, A. K.

D. A. Genov, A. K. Sarychev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Metal-Dielectric Composite Filters with Controlled Spectral Windows of Transparency,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 12(04), 419–440 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Grésillon, L. Aigouy, A. C. Boccara, J. C. Rivoal, X. Quelin, C. Desmarest, P. Gadenne, V. A. Shubin, A. K. Sarychev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Experimental Observation of Localized Optical Excitations in Random Metal-Dielectric Films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(22), 4520–4523 (1999).
[Crossref]

A. K. Sarychev, V. A. Shubin, and V. M. Shalaev, “Anderson localization of surface plasmons and nonlinear optics of metal-dielectric composites,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 60(24), 16389–16408 (1999).
[Crossref]

Shalaev, V. M.

M. D. Thoreson, J. Fang, A. V. Kildishev, L. J. Prokopeva, P. Nyga, U. K. Chettiar, V. M. Shalaev, and V. P. Drachev, “Fabrication and realistic modeling of three-dimensional metal-dielectric composites,” J. Nanophotonics 5(1), 051513 (2011).
[Crossref]

K.-P. Chen, V. P. Drachev, J. D. Borneman, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Drude Relaxation Rate in Grained Gold Nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 916–922 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

U. K. Chettiar, P. Nyga, M. D. Thoreson, A. V. Kildishev, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “FDTD modeling of realistic semicontinuous metal films,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 159–168 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. Nyga, V. P. Drachev, M. D. Thoreson, and V. M. Shalaev, “Mid-IR plasmonics and photomodification with Ag films,” Appl. Phys. B 93(1), 59–68 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. A. Genov, A. K. Sarychev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Metal-Dielectric Composite Filters with Controlled Spectral Windows of Transparency,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 12(04), 419–440 (2003).
[Crossref]

S. Grésillon, L. Aigouy, A. C. Boccara, J. C. Rivoal, X. Quelin, C. Desmarest, P. Gadenne, V. A. Shubin, A. K. Sarychev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Experimental Observation of Localized Optical Excitations in Random Metal-Dielectric Films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(22), 4520–4523 (1999).
[Crossref]

A. K. Sarychev, V. A. Shubin, and V. M. Shalaev, “Anderson localization of surface plasmons and nonlinear optics of metal-dielectric composites,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 60(24), 16389–16408 (1999).
[Crossref]

V. P. Safonov, V. M. Shalaev, V. A. Markel, Y. E. Danilova, N. N. Lepeshkin, W. Kim, S. G. Rautian, and R. L. Armstrong, “Spectral Dependence of Selective Photomodification in Fractal Aggregates of Colloidal Particles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(5), 1102–1105 (1998).
[Crossref]

V. M. Shalaev, “Electromagnetic properties of small-particle composites,” Phys. Rep. 272(2–3), 61–137 (1996).
[Crossref]

V. A. Markel, V. M. Shalaev, E. B. Stechel, W. Kim, and R. L. Armstrong, “Small-particle composites. I. Linear optical properties,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(5), 2425–2436 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. M. Shalaev, R. Botet, and A. V. Butenko, “Localization of collective dipole excitations on fractals,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 48(9), 6662–6664 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. V. Karpov, A. K. Popov, S. G. Rautian, V. P. Safonov, V. V. Slabko, V. M. Shalaev, and M. I. Shtokman, “Observation of a wavelength- and polarization-selective photomodification of silver clusters,” JETP Lett. 48(10), 571 (1988).

Shtokman, M. I.

A. V. Karpov, A. K. Popov, S. G. Rautian, V. P. Safonov, V. V. Slabko, V. M. Shalaev, and M. I. Shtokman, “Observation of a wavelength- and polarization-selective photomodification of silver clusters,” JETP Lett. 48(10), 571 (1988).

Shubin, V. A.

A. K. Sarychev, V. A. Shubin, and V. M. Shalaev, “Anderson localization of surface plasmons and nonlinear optics of metal-dielectric composites,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 60(24), 16389–16408 (1999).
[Crossref]

S. Grésillon, L. Aigouy, A. C. Boccara, J. C. Rivoal, X. Quelin, C. Desmarest, P. Gadenne, V. A. Shubin, A. K. Sarychev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Experimental Observation of Localized Optical Excitations in Random Metal-Dielectric Films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(22), 4520–4523 (1999).
[Crossref]

Slabko, V. V.

A. V. Karpov, A. K. Popov, S. G. Rautian, V. P. Safonov, V. V. Slabko, V. M. Shalaev, and M. I. Shtokman, “Observation of a wavelength- and polarization-selective photomodification of silver clusters,” JETP Lett. 48(10), 571 (1988).

Stechel, E. B.

V. A. Markel, V. M. Shalaev, E. B. Stechel, W. Kim, and R. L. Armstrong, “Small-particle composites. I. Linear optical properties,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(5), 2425–2436 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tan, S. J.

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic Color Palettes for Photorealistic Printing with Aluminum Nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thoreson, M. D.

M. D. Thoreson, J. Fang, A. V. Kildishev, L. J. Prokopeva, P. Nyga, U. K. Chettiar, V. M. Shalaev, and V. P. Drachev, “Fabrication and realistic modeling of three-dimensional metal-dielectric composites,” J. Nanophotonics 5(1), 051513 (2011).
[Crossref]

U. K. Chettiar, P. Nyga, M. D. Thoreson, A. V. Kildishev, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “FDTD modeling of realistic semicontinuous metal films,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 159–168 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. Nyga, V. P. Drachev, M. D. Thoreson, and V. M. Shalaev, “Mid-IR plasmonics and photomodification with Ag films,” Appl. Phys. B 93(1), 59–68 (2008).
[Crossref]

Turkovic, A.

M. Lončarić, J. Sancho-Parramon, M. Pavlović, H. Zorc, P. Dubček, A. Turković, S. Bernstorff, G. Jakopic, and A. Haase, “Optical and structural characterization of silver islands films on glass substrates,” Vacuum 84(1), 188–192 (2009).
[Crossref]

Vorobyev, A. Y.

A. Y. Vorobyev and C. Guo, “Colorizing metals with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041914 (2008).
[Crossref]

A. Y. Vorobyev and C. Guo, “Enhanced absorptance of gold following multipulse femtosecond laser ablation,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 72(19), 195422 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

X. Wang, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, “Strong Improvement of Long-Term Chemical and Thermal Stability of Plasmonic Silver Nanoantennas and Films,” Small 13(28), 1700044 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, Y. M.

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic Color Palettes for Photorealistic Printing with Aluminum Nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Weck, A.

J.-M. Guay, A. Calà Lesina, G. Côté, M. Charron, D. Poitras, L. Ramunno, P. Berini, and A. Weck, “Laser-induced plasmonic colours on metals,” Nat. Commun. 8, 16095 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wei, J. N.

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, Y.-K.

T. Xu, Y.-K. Wu, X. Luo, and L. J. Guo, “Plasmonic nanoresonators for high-resolution colour filtering and spectral imaging,” Nat. Commun. 1(5), 59 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, T.

T. Xu, Y.-K. Wu, X. Luo, and L. J. Guo, “Plasmonic nanoresonators for high-resolution colour filtering and spectral imaging,” Nat. Commun. 1(5), 59 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yagil, Y.

Y. Yagil, P. Gadenne, C. Julien, and G. Deutscher, “Optical properties of thin semicontinuous gold films over a wavelength range of 2.5 to 500 µm,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 46(4), 2503–2511 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, J. K. W.

A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2(1), 16088 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic Color Palettes for Photorealistic Printing with Aluminum Nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, X.

F. Cheng, J. Gao, T. S. Luk, and X. Yang, “Structural color printing based on plasmonic metasurfaces of perfect light absorption,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 11045 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, Y.

A. S. Roberts, S. M. Novikov, Y. Yang, Y. Chen, S. Boroviks, J. Beermann, N. A. Mortensen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Laser Writing of Bright Colors on Near-Percolation Plasmonic Reflector Arrays,” ACS Nano 13(1), 71–77 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, L.

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic Color Palettes for Photorealistic Printing with Aluminum Nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, D.

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic Color Palettes for Photorealistic Printing with Aluminum Nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zorc, H.

M. Lončarić, J. Sancho-Parramon, M. Pavlović, H. Zorc, P. Dubček, A. Turković, S. Bernstorff, G. Jakopic, and A. Haase, “Optical and structural characterization of silver islands films on glass substrates,” Vacuum 84(1), 188–192 (2009).
[Crossref]

ACS Nano (1)

A. S. Roberts, S. M. Novikov, Y. Yang, Y. Chen, S. Boroviks, J. Beermann, N. A. Mortensen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Laser Writing of Bright Colors on Near-Percolation Plasmonic Reflector Arrays,” ACS Nano 13(1), 71–77 (2019).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

P. Nyga, V. P. Drachev, M. D. Thoreson, and V. M. Shalaev, “Mid-IR plasmonics and photomodification with Ag films,” Appl. Phys. B 93(1), 59–68 (2008).
[Crossref]

U. K. Chettiar, P. Nyga, M. D. Thoreson, A. V. Kildishev, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “FDTD modeling of realistic semicontinuous metal films,” Appl. Phys. B 100(1), 159–168 (2010).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

A. Y. Vorobyev and C. Guo, “Colorizing metals with femtosecond laser pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(4), 041914 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Colloid Interface Sci. (1)

V. C. de Silva, P. Nyga, and V. P. Drachev, “Optimization and photomodification of extremely broadband optical response of plasmonic core-shell obscurants,” J. Colloid Interface Sci. 484, 116–124 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Nano Res. (1)

P. Colomban, “The Use of Metal Nanoparticles to Produce Yellow, Red and Iridescent Colour, from Bronze Age to Present Times in Lustre Pottery and Glass: Solid State Chemistry, Spectroscopy and Nanostructure,” J. Nano Res. 8, 109–132 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Nanophotonics (1)

M. D. Thoreson, J. Fang, A. V. Kildishev, L. J. Prokopeva, P. Nyga, U. K. Chettiar, V. M. Shalaev, and V. P. Drachev, “Fabrication and realistic modeling of three-dimensional metal-dielectric composites,” J. Nanophotonics 5(1), 051513 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. (1)

D. A. Genov, A. K. Sarychev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Metal-Dielectric Composite Filters with Controlled Spectral Windows of Transparency,” J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. Mater. 12(04), 419–440 (2003).
[Crossref]

JETP Lett. (1)

A. V. Karpov, A. K. Popov, S. G. Rautian, V. P. Safonov, V. V. Slabko, V. M. Shalaev, and M. I. Shtokman, “Observation of a wavelength- and polarization-selective photomodification of silver clusters,” JETP Lett. 48(10), 571 (1988).

Nano Lett. (3)

A. S. Roberts, A. Pors, O. Albrektsen, and S. I. Bozhevolnyi, “Subwavelength Plasmonic Color Printing Protected for Ambient Use,” Nano Lett. 14(2), 783–787 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. J. Tan, L. Zhang, D. Zhu, X. M. Goh, Y. M. Wang, K. Kumar, C.-W. Qiu, and J. K. W. Yang, “Plasmonic Color Palettes for Photorealistic Printing with Aluminum Nanostructures,” Nano Lett. 14(7), 4023–4029 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K.-P. Chen, V. P. Drachev, J. D. Borneman, A. V. Kildishev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Drude Relaxation Rate in Grained Gold Nanoantennas,” Nano Lett. 10(3), 916–922 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (2)

T. Xu, Y.-K. Wu, X. Luo, and L. J. Guo, “Plasmonic nanoresonators for high-resolution colour filtering and spectral imaging,” Nat. Commun. 1(5), 59 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J.-M. Guay, A. Calà Lesina, G. Côté, M. Charron, D. Poitras, L. Ramunno, P. Berini, and A. Weck, “Laser-induced plasmonic colours on metals,” Nat. Commun. 8, 16095 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (2)

N. Dean, “Colouring at the nanoscale,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(1), 15–16 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Kumar, H. Duan, R. S. Hegde, S. C. W. Koh, J. N. Wei, and J. K. W. Yang, “Printing colour at the optical diffraction limit,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 7(9), 557–561 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Rev. Mater. (1)

A. Kristensen, J. K. W. Yang, S. I. Bozhevolnyi, S. Link, P. Nordlander, N. J. Halas, and N. A. Mortensen, “Plasmonic colour generation,” Nat. Rev. Mater. 2(1), 16088 (2017).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. A Stat. Mech. its Appl. (1)

Y. E. Danilova, N. N. Lepeshkin, S. G. Rautian, and V. P. Safonov, “Excitation localization and nonlinear optical processes in colloidal silver aggregates,” Phys. A Stat. Mech. its Appl. 241(1–2), 231–235 (1997).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rep. (1)

V. M. Shalaev, “Electromagnetic properties of small-particle composites,” Phys. Rep. 272(2–3), 61–137 (1996).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter (3)

V. M. Shalaev, R. Botet, and A. V. Butenko, “Localization of collective dipole excitations on fractals,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 48(9), 6662–6664 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Yagil, P. Gadenne, C. Julien, and G. Deutscher, “Optical properties of thin semicontinuous gold films over a wavelength range of 2.5 to 500 µm,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 46(4), 2503–2511 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. A. Markel, V. M. Shalaev, E. B. Stechel, W. Kim, and R. L. Armstrong, “Small-particle composites. I. Linear optical properties,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter 53(5), 2425–2436 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. (2)

A. K. Sarychev, V. A. Shubin, and V. M. Shalaev, “Anderson localization of surface plasmons and nonlinear optics of metal-dielectric composites,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 60(24), 16389–16408 (1999).
[Crossref]

A. Y. Vorobyev and C. Guo, “Enhanced absorptance of gold following multipulse femtosecond laser ablation,” Phys. Rev. B Condens. Matter Mater. Phys. 72(19), 195422 (2005).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

V. P. Safonov, V. M. Shalaev, V. A. Markel, Y. E. Danilova, N. N. Lepeshkin, W. Kim, S. G. Rautian, and R. L. Armstrong, “Spectral Dependence of Selective Photomodification in Fractal Aggregates of Colloidal Particles,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80(5), 1102–1105 (1998).
[Crossref]

S. Grésillon, L. Aigouy, A. C. Boccara, J. C. Rivoal, X. Quelin, C. Desmarest, P. Gadenne, V. A. Shubin, A. K. Sarychev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Experimental Observation of Localized Optical Excitations in Random Metal-Dielectric Films,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82(22), 4520–4523 (1999).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

F. Cheng, J. Gao, T. S. Luk, and X. Yang, “Structural color printing based on plasmonic metasurfaces of perfect light absorption,” Sci. Rep. 5(1), 11045 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Small (1)

X. Wang, C. Santschi, and O. J. F. Martin, “Strong Improvement of Long-Term Chemical and Thermal Stability of Plasmonic Silver Nanoantennas and Films,” Small 13(28), 1700044 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vacuum (1)

M. Lončarić, J. Sancho-Parramon, M. Pavlović, H. Zorc, P. Dubček, A. Turković, S. Bernstorff, G. Jakopic, and A. Haase, “Optical and structural characterization of silver islands films on glass substrates,” Vacuum 84(1), 188–192 (2009).
[Crossref]

Other (8)

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids. III (Academic Press, 1998).

“Nanophotonic FDTD Simulation Software - Lumerical FDTD Solutions,” https://www.lumerical.com/products/fdtd-solutions/ .

“Origin: Data Analysis and Graphing Software,” https://www.originlab.com/index.aspx?go=Products/Origin .

M. Ohring, Materials Science of Thin Films: Deposition and Structure (Academic Press, 2002).

P. Nyga, M. D. Thoreson, V. de Silva, H.-K. Yuan, V. P. Drachev, and V. M. Shalaev, “Infrared Filters Based on Photomodification of Semicontinuous Metal Films,” in Frontiers in Optics (OSA, 2006), p. FTuU3.

V. M. Shalaev, Nonlinear Optics of Random Media : Fractal Composites and Metal-Dielectric Films (Springer, 2000).

U. Kreibig and M. Vollmer, Optical Properties of Metal Clusters (Springer, 1995).

V. M. Shalaev, Optical Properties of Nanostructured Random Media (Springer, 2001).

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Optical camera image and schematic view of Ag gradient sample. (b) Transmittance spectra of Ag gradient sample measured at locations corresponding to different mass.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 SEM images of Ag gradient sample recorded at locations corresponding to different deposited mass. Gradual nanostructure changes result from the increase of Ag thickness: isolated grains and islands at low thickness, near the percolation threshold at moderate thickness, and finally a continuous metal film with dielectric voids. Scale bar is the same for all images.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 CIE 1931 Chromaticity diagram showing the colors of a gradient Ag film at different locations. Numbers 1-11 correspond to the spectra presented in Fig. 1, where 1 is the lowest thickness and 11 is the highest thickness of deposited silver.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Schematic view of Ag SMF on a SiO2 spacer atop silver mirror.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 SMF/M samples with different top Ag layer thickness (10 nm, 13.5 nm and 17 nm). Insets present optical images captured using a microscope.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Comparison of (a) measured and (b) simulated reflectance and absorption spectra of 10 nm Ag SMF/M and SMF/M overcoated with a 30 nm layer of SiO2.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Reflectance measured with linearly polarized light co-polarized with respect to laser polarization. SMF/M photomodified using different exposure time. (b) CIE 1931 Chromaticity diagram of colors of as-deposited overcoated 10 nm SMF/M (initial) and after different time exposure to 800 nm, 80 fs, 1 kHz laser. Inset shows an image captured using a digital camera of part of the spot exposed for 30 minutes.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 SEM images corresponding to different color regions (yellow (a); red (b); green (c)) of the photomodified spot after being exposed for 30 minutes.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Reflectance spectra of overcoated 10 nm Ag SMF/M structure photomodified with different laser fluence measured with linearly polarized light (a) co-polarized and (b) cross-polarized with respect to laser polarization. The inset squares represent the generated color palette recorded using unpolarized light.
Fig. 10
Fig. 10 Optical images of laser printed (a) checkered pattern (red - 30 mJ cm−2; yellow - 150 mJ cm−2) and (b) 150 years of Purdue logo with a “P” letter (100 mJ cm−2) on the SMF/M film.

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