Abstract

This work investigated the effect of sodium (Na) and potassium (K) ions permeation on optical properties of vanadium dioxide (VO2) deposited on three different glass substrates: silica-soda-lime (SL), silica-potash-soda (PS) and fused quartz (FQ), respectively. The VO2 thin films were prepared by reactive magnetron sputtering. Microstructure and compositions were determined by X-ray diffraction (XRD), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Morphology of the films was characterized by atomic force microscopy (AFM), and the optical properties of the films, including refractive index and extinction coefficient, were characterized by spectroscopic ellipsometry (SE). Results show that the optical properties of the VO2 films grown on different substrates exhibited different dispersion trends at room temperature, which could be attributed to the penetration of Na and K ions. In addition, the influence of temperature on the optical properties of VO2 thin films was also studied by varying temperature ellipsometry. Below the phase transition temperature, the peak of the refractive index showed a clear blue shift with increasing temperature; above the phase transition temperature, the peak of refractive index also showed a blue shift, which was different from the trend below the phase transition temperature. This phenomenon indicates that the VO2 film has undergone a phase change.

© 2019 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. W. W. Li, J. J. Zhu, J. R. Liang, Z. G. Hu, J. Liu, H. D. Chen, and J. H. Chu, “External electric field manipulations on structural phase transition of vanadium dioxide nanoparticles and its application in field effect transistor,” J. Phys. Chem. 115(47), 23558–23563 (2011).
  4. N. Sepúlveda, A. Rúa, R. Cabrera, and F. Fernández, “Young’s modulus of VO2 thin films as a function of temperature including insulator-to-metal transition regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 191913 (2008).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. H. Liu, Y. Wang, K. Wang, E. Hosono, and H. Zhou, “Design and synthesis of a novel nanothorn VO2(B) hollow microsphere and their application in lithium-ion batteries,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(18), 2835–2840 (2009).
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  26. Z. Ding, Y. Feng, R. Ji, D. Zhang, L. Chen, S. Wang, D. G. Ivey, and W. Wei, “Improving the electrochemical cyclability of lithium manganese orthosilicate through the pillaring effects of gradient Na substitution,” J. Power Sources 349, 18–26 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  27. M. L. Xiang, D. Li, H. Qi, W. Li, B. Zhong, and Y. Sun, “Mixed alcohols synthesis from carbon monoxide hydrogenation over potassium promoted β-Mo2C catalysts,” Fuel 86(9), 1298–1303 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  28. R. W. Revie, “Corrosion of Glass,” J. John Wiley & Sons, Inc 29, 399–419 (2011).
  29. M. L. Zhao, Y. Shi, J. Dai, and J. Lian, “Ellipsometry study of the complex optical constants of a CsPbBr3 perovskite thin film,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 6(39), 10450–10455 (2018).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  34. K. Kana, J. M. Ndjaka, V. A. Gibaud, and M. Maaza, “Thermally tunable optical constants of vanadium dioxide thin films measured by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Opt. Commun. 284(3), 807–812 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  35. H. Kakiuchida, P. Jin, S. Nakao, and M. Tazawa, “Optical properties of vanadium dioxide film during semiconductive-metallic phase transition,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(5), 113–116 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  36. P. Uprety and et al.., “Spectroscopic ellipsometry determination of optical and electrical properties of ZnO:Al,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 421, 852–858 (2017).
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  37. M. Eaton, A. Catellani, and A. Calzolari, “VO2 as a natural optical metamaterial,” Opt. Express 26(5), 5342–5357 (2018).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  38. T. Jungwirth, J. Sinova, A. H. Macdonald, B. L. Gallagher, V. Novak, K. W. Edmonds, and et al.., “On the character of states near the fermi level in (Ga,Mn)As: impurity to valence band crossover,” Physics 76(12), 3398–3407 (2007).
  39. E. Caruthers and L. Kleinman, “Energy Bands of Semiconducting VO2,” Phys. Rev. B 7(8), 3760–3766 (1973).
    [Crossref]

2018 (2)

M. L. Zhao, Y. Shi, J. Dai, and J. Lian, “Ellipsometry study of the complex optical constants of a CsPbBr3 perovskite thin film,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 6(39), 10450–10455 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Eaton, A. Catellani, and A. Calzolari, “VO2 as a natural optical metamaterial,” Opt. Express 26(5), 5342–5357 (2018).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2017 (5)

P. Uprety and et al.., “Spectroscopic ellipsometry determination of optical and electrical properties of ZnO:Al,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 421, 852–858 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Uprety, M. M. Junda, and N. J. Podraza, “Optical properties of borosilicate glass from 3.1mm to 210nm (0.4meV to 5.89eV) by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Surface Science Spectra 24, 026003 (2017).

P. Uprety, K. J. Lambright, C. R. Grice, M. M. Junda, D. M. Giolando, and N. J. Podraza, “Morphological and optical properties of low temperature processed SnO2:F,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 254(10), 1700102 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Houska, D. Kolenaty, J. Rezek, and J. Vlcek, “Characterization of thermochromic VO2 (prepared at 250◦ C) in a wide temperature range by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 421, 529–534 (2017).
[Crossref]

Z. Ding, Y. Feng, R. Ji, D. Zhang, L. Chen, S. Wang, D. G. Ivey, and W. Wei, “Improving the electrochemical cyclability of lithium manganese orthosilicate through the pillaring effects of gradient Na substitution,” J. Power Sources 349, 18–26 (2017).
[Crossref]

2015 (3)

M. J. Miller and J. Wang, “Influence of Na diffusion on thermochromism of vanadium oxide films and suppression through mixed-alkali effect,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 200, 50–58 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. Zhang, T. Huang, Q. You, J. Zhang, W. Li, J. Wu, Z. Hu, and J. Chu, “Effects of crystal orientation on electronic band structure and anomalous shift of higher critical point in vo \r2\r, thin films during the phase transition process,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 48(48), 485302 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. E. Marvel, R. R. Harl, and B. R. Rogers, “Comparison of VO2 thin films deposited by pulsed laser, electron-beam and sputter deposition,” Acta Mater. 91, 217–226 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (1)

Y. Zhao, G. Karaoglane-Bebek, and X. Pan, “Hydrogen-doping stabilized metallic VO2 (R) thin films and their application to suppress Fabry-Perot resonances in the terahertz regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(24), 241901 (2014).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

E. Radue, E. Crisman, L. Wang, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, R. Wincheski, R. A. Lukaszew, and I. Novikova, “Effect of a substrate-induced microstructure on the optical properties of the insulator-metal transition temperature in VO2 thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(23), 233104 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (3)

E. Penilla, F. G. Pérez-Gutiérrez, W. Duvall, G. Aguilar, and J. L. Wang, “Optical properties of super stoichiometric TiN1+x thin films,” Thin Solid Films 524, 272–277 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Li, G. A. Niklasson, and C. G. Granqvist, “Thermochromic fenestration with VO2-based materials: Three challenges and how they can be met,” Thin Solid Films 520(10), 3823–3828 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Huang, S. Chen, C. Lv, Y. Huang, and J. Lai, “Infrared characteristics of VO2, thin films for smart window and laser protection applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(19), 191905 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (5)

H. Guo, K. Chen, Y. Oh, K. Wang, C. Dejoie, S. A. Syed Asif, O. L. Warren, Z. W. Shan, J. Wu, and A. M. Minor, “Mechanics and dynamics of the strain-induced M1-M2 structural phase transition in individual VO₂ nanowires,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3207–3213 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. W. Li, J. J. Zhu, J. R. Liang, Z. G. Hu, J. Liu, H. D. Chen, and J. H. Chu, “External electric field manipulations on structural phase transition of vanadium dioxide nanoparticles and its application in field effect transistor,” J. Phys. Chem. 115(47), 23558–23563 (2011).

W. T. Liu, J. Cao, W. Fan, Z. Hao, M. C. Martin, Y. R. Shen, J. Wu, and F. Wang, “Intrinsic optical properties of vanadium dioxide near the insulator-metal transition,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 466–470 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. W. Revie, “Corrosion of Glass,” J. John Wiley & Sons, Inc 29, 399–419 (2011).

K. Kana, J. M. Ndjaka, V. A. Gibaud, and M. Maaza, “Thermally tunable optical constants of vanadium dioxide thin films measured by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Opt. Commun. 284(3), 807–812 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (2)

A. C. Jones, S. Berweger, J. Wei, D. Cobden, and M. B. Raschke, “Nano-optical investigations of the metal-insulator phase behavior of individual VO(2) microcrystals,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1574–1581 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. J. Gu, J. B. Cao, J. Q. Wu, and L. Q. Chen, “Thermodynamics of strained vanadium dioxide single crystals,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 108(8), 083517 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

H. Liu, Y. Wang, K. Wang, E. Hosono, and H. Zhou, “Design and synthesis of a novel nanothorn VO2(B) hollow microsphere and their application in lithium-ion batteries,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(18), 2835–2840 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. Gurvitch, S. Luryi, A. Polyakov, and A. Shabalov, “Nonhysteretic behavior inside the hysteresis loop of VO2 and its possible application in infrared imaging,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(10), 104504 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (2)

N. Sepúlveda, A. Rúa, R. Cabrera, and F. Fernández, “Young’s modulus of VO2 thin films as a function of temperature including insulator-to-metal transition regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 191913 (2008).
[Crossref]

E. Penilla and J. Wang, “Pressure and temperature effects on stoichiometry and microstructure of nitrogen-rich tin thin films synthesized via reactive magnetron DC-sputtering,” J. Nanomater. 2008, 1–9 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (3)

M. L. Xiang, D. Li, H. Qi, W. Li, B. Zhong, and Y. Sun, “Mixed alcohols synthesis from carbon monoxide hydrogenation over potassium promoted β-Mo2C catalysts,” Fuel 86(9), 1298–1303 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. Kakiuchida, P. Jin, S. Nakao, and M. Tazawa, “Optical properties of vanadium dioxide film during semiconductive-metallic phase transition,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(5), 113–116 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Jungwirth, J. Sinova, A. H. Macdonald, B. L. Gallagher, V. Novak, K. W. Edmonds, and et al.., “On the character of states near the fermi level in (Ga,Mn)As: impurity to valence band crossover,” Physics 76(12), 3398–3407 (2007).

2004 (3)

K. Y. Sai, T. Shune, and P. Han, “Effect of grain curvature on nano-indentation measurements of thin films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(9), 6268–6273 (2004).

A. Cavalleri and T. Dekorsy, “Evidence for a structurally-driven insulator-to-metal transition in VO2: a view from the ultrafast timescale,” Phys. Rev. B 70(16), 2806–2810 (2004).

T. D. Manning and I. P. Parkin, “Atmospheric pressure chemical vapour deposition of tungsten doped vanadium(iv) oxide from VOCl3, water and WCl6,” J. Mater. Chem. 14(16), 2554–2559 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

P. Jin, G. Xu, M. Tazawa, and K. Yoshimura, “Design, formation and characterization of novel multifunctional window with VO2and TiO2 coatings,” Appl. Phys 77(A), 455–459 (2003).

1987 (1)

S. M. Babulanam, T. S. Eriksson, G. A. Niklasson, and C. G. Granqvist, “Thermochromic VO2 films for energy-efficient windows,” Sol. Energy Mater. 16(5), 347–363 (1987).
[Crossref]

1985 (1)

M. Rubin, “Optical properties of soda lime silica glasses,” Sol. Energy Mater. 12(4), 275–288 (1985).
[Crossref]

1973 (1)

E. Caruthers and L. Kleinman, “Energy Bands of Semiconducting VO2,” Phys. Rev. B 7(8), 3760–3766 (1973).
[Crossref]

1965 (1)

1959 (1)

F. J. Morin, “Oxides which show a metal- to-insulator transition at the neel temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 3(1), 34–36 (1959).
[Crossref]

Aguilar, G.

E. Penilla, F. G. Pérez-Gutiérrez, W. Duvall, G. Aguilar, and J. L. Wang, “Optical properties of super stoichiometric TiN1+x thin films,” Thin Solid Films 524, 272–277 (2012).
[Crossref]

Babulanam, S. M.

S. M. Babulanam, T. S. Eriksson, G. A. Niklasson, and C. G. Granqvist, “Thermochromic VO2 films for energy-efficient windows,” Sol. Energy Mater. 16(5), 347–363 (1987).
[Crossref]

Berweger, S.

A. C. Jones, S. Berweger, J. Wei, D. Cobden, and M. B. Raschke, “Nano-optical investigations of the metal-insulator phase behavior of individual VO(2) microcrystals,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1574–1581 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cabrera, R.

N. Sepúlveda, A. Rúa, R. Cabrera, and F. Fernández, “Young’s modulus of VO2 thin films as a function of temperature including insulator-to-metal transition regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 191913 (2008).
[Crossref]

Calzolari, A.

Cao, J.

W. T. Liu, J. Cao, W. Fan, Z. Hao, M. C. Martin, Y. R. Shen, J. Wu, and F. Wang, “Intrinsic optical properties of vanadium dioxide near the insulator-metal transition,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 466–470 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cao, J. B.

Y. J. Gu, J. B. Cao, J. Q. Wu, and L. Q. Chen, “Thermodynamics of strained vanadium dioxide single crystals,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 108(8), 083517 (2010).
[Crossref]

Caruthers, E.

E. Caruthers and L. Kleinman, “Energy Bands of Semiconducting VO2,” Phys. Rev. B 7(8), 3760–3766 (1973).
[Crossref]

Catellani, A.

Cavalleri, A.

A. Cavalleri and T. Dekorsy, “Evidence for a structurally-driven insulator-to-metal transition in VO2: a view from the ultrafast timescale,” Phys. Rev. B 70(16), 2806–2810 (2004).

Chen, H. D.

W. W. Li, J. J. Zhu, J. R. Liang, Z. G. Hu, J. Liu, H. D. Chen, and J. H. Chu, “External electric field manipulations on structural phase transition of vanadium dioxide nanoparticles and its application in field effect transistor,” J. Phys. Chem. 115(47), 23558–23563 (2011).

Chen, K.

H. Guo, K. Chen, Y. Oh, K. Wang, C. Dejoie, S. A. Syed Asif, O. L. Warren, Z. W. Shan, J. Wu, and A. M. Minor, “Mechanics and dynamics of the strain-induced M1-M2 structural phase transition in individual VO₂ nanowires,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3207–3213 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, L.

Z. Ding, Y. Feng, R. Ji, D. Zhang, L. Chen, S. Wang, D. G. Ivey, and W. Wei, “Improving the electrochemical cyclability of lithium manganese orthosilicate through the pillaring effects of gradient Na substitution,” J. Power Sources 349, 18–26 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, L. Q.

Y. J. Gu, J. B. Cao, J. Q. Wu, and L. Q. Chen, “Thermodynamics of strained vanadium dioxide single crystals,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 108(8), 083517 (2010).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

Z. Huang, S. Chen, C. Lv, Y. Huang, and J. Lai, “Infrared characteristics of VO2, thin films for smart window and laser protection applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(19), 191905 (2012).
[Crossref]

Chu, J.

P. Zhang, T. Huang, Q. You, J. Zhang, W. Li, J. Wu, Z. Hu, and J. Chu, “Effects of crystal orientation on electronic band structure and anomalous shift of higher critical point in vo \r2\r, thin films during the phase transition process,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 48(48), 485302 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chu, J. H.

W. W. Li, J. J. Zhu, J. R. Liang, Z. G. Hu, J. Liu, H. D. Chen, and J. H. Chu, “External electric field manipulations on structural phase transition of vanadium dioxide nanoparticles and its application in field effect transistor,” J. Phys. Chem. 115(47), 23558–23563 (2011).

Cobden, D.

A. C. Jones, S. Berweger, J. Wei, D. Cobden, and M. B. Raschke, “Nano-optical investigations of the metal-insulator phase behavior of individual VO(2) microcrystals,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1574–1581 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Crisman, E.

E. Radue, E. Crisman, L. Wang, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, R. Wincheski, R. A. Lukaszew, and I. Novikova, “Effect of a substrate-induced microstructure on the optical properties of the insulator-metal transition temperature in VO2 thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(23), 233104 (2013).
[Crossref]

Dai, J.

M. L. Zhao, Y. Shi, J. Dai, and J. Lian, “Ellipsometry study of the complex optical constants of a CsPbBr3 perovskite thin film,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 6(39), 10450–10455 (2018).
[Crossref]

Dejoie, C.

H. Guo, K. Chen, Y. Oh, K. Wang, C. Dejoie, S. A. Syed Asif, O. L. Warren, Z. W. Shan, J. Wu, and A. M. Minor, “Mechanics and dynamics of the strain-induced M1-M2 structural phase transition in individual VO₂ nanowires,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3207–3213 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dekorsy, T.

A. Cavalleri and T. Dekorsy, “Evidence for a structurally-driven insulator-to-metal transition in VO2: a view from the ultrafast timescale,” Phys. Rev. B 70(16), 2806–2810 (2004).

Ding, Z.

Z. Ding, Y. Feng, R. Ji, D. Zhang, L. Chen, S. Wang, D. G. Ivey, and W. Wei, “Improving the electrochemical cyclability of lithium manganese orthosilicate through the pillaring effects of gradient Na substitution,” J. Power Sources 349, 18–26 (2017).
[Crossref]

Duvall, W.

E. Penilla, F. G. Pérez-Gutiérrez, W. Duvall, G. Aguilar, and J. L. Wang, “Optical properties of super stoichiometric TiN1+x thin films,” Thin Solid Films 524, 272–277 (2012).
[Crossref]

Eaton, M.

Edmonds, K. W.

T. Jungwirth, J. Sinova, A. H. Macdonald, B. L. Gallagher, V. Novak, K. W. Edmonds, and et al.., “On the character of states near the fermi level in (Ga,Mn)As: impurity to valence band crossover,” Physics 76(12), 3398–3407 (2007).

Eriksson, T. S.

S. M. Babulanam, T. S. Eriksson, G. A. Niklasson, and C. G. Granqvist, “Thermochromic VO2 films for energy-efficient windows,” Sol. Energy Mater. 16(5), 347–363 (1987).
[Crossref]

Fan, W.

W. T. Liu, J. Cao, W. Fan, Z. Hao, M. C. Martin, Y. R. Shen, J. Wu, and F. Wang, “Intrinsic optical properties of vanadium dioxide near the insulator-metal transition,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 466–470 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Feng, Y.

Z. Ding, Y. Feng, R. Ji, D. Zhang, L. Chen, S. Wang, D. G. Ivey, and W. Wei, “Improving the electrochemical cyclability of lithium manganese orthosilicate through the pillaring effects of gradient Na substitution,” J. Power Sources 349, 18–26 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fernández, F.

N. Sepúlveda, A. Rúa, R. Cabrera, and F. Fernández, “Young’s modulus of VO2 thin films as a function of temperature including insulator-to-metal transition regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 191913 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gallagher, B. L.

T. Jungwirth, J. Sinova, A. H. Macdonald, B. L. Gallagher, V. Novak, K. W. Edmonds, and et al.., “On the character of states near the fermi level in (Ga,Mn)As: impurity to valence band crossover,” Physics 76(12), 3398–3407 (2007).

Gibaud, V. A.

K. Kana, J. M. Ndjaka, V. A. Gibaud, and M. Maaza, “Thermally tunable optical constants of vanadium dioxide thin films measured by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Opt. Commun. 284(3), 807–812 (2011).
[Crossref]

Giolando, D. M.

P. Uprety, K. J. Lambright, C. R. Grice, M. M. Junda, D. M. Giolando, and N. J. Podraza, “Morphological and optical properties of low temperature processed SnO2:F,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 254(10), 1700102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Granqvist, C. G.

S. Y. Li, G. A. Niklasson, and C. G. Granqvist, “Thermochromic fenestration with VO2-based materials: Three challenges and how they can be met,” Thin Solid Films 520(10), 3823–3828 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. M. Babulanam, T. S. Eriksson, G. A. Niklasson, and C. G. Granqvist, “Thermochromic VO2 films for energy-efficient windows,” Sol. Energy Mater. 16(5), 347–363 (1987).
[Crossref]

Grice, C. R.

P. Uprety, K. J. Lambright, C. R. Grice, M. M. Junda, D. M. Giolando, and N. J. Podraza, “Morphological and optical properties of low temperature processed SnO2:F,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 254(10), 1700102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Gu, Y. J.

Y. J. Gu, J. B. Cao, J. Q. Wu, and L. Q. Chen, “Thermodynamics of strained vanadium dioxide single crystals,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 108(8), 083517 (2010).
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Guo, H.

H. Guo, K. Chen, Y. Oh, K. Wang, C. Dejoie, S. A. Syed Asif, O. L. Warren, Z. W. Shan, J. Wu, and A. M. Minor, “Mechanics and dynamics of the strain-induced M1-M2 structural phase transition in individual VO₂ nanowires,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3207–3213 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gurvitch, M.

M. Gurvitch, S. Luryi, A. Polyakov, and A. Shabalov, “Nonhysteretic behavior inside the hysteresis loop of VO2 and its possible application in infrared imaging,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(10), 104504 (2009).
[Crossref]

Han, P.

K. Y. Sai, T. Shune, and P. Han, “Effect of grain curvature on nano-indentation measurements of thin films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(9), 6268–6273 (2004).

Hao, Z.

W. T. Liu, J. Cao, W. Fan, Z. Hao, M. C. Martin, Y. R. Shen, J. Wu, and F. Wang, “Intrinsic optical properties of vanadium dioxide near the insulator-metal transition,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 466–470 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Harl, R. R.

R. E. Marvel, R. R. Harl, and B. R. Rogers, “Comparison of VO2 thin films deposited by pulsed laser, electron-beam and sputter deposition,” Acta Mater. 91, 217–226 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hosono, E.

H. Liu, Y. Wang, K. Wang, E. Hosono, and H. Zhou, “Design and synthesis of a novel nanothorn VO2(B) hollow microsphere and their application in lithium-ion batteries,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(18), 2835–2840 (2009).
[Crossref]

Houska, J.

J. Houska, D. Kolenaty, J. Rezek, and J. Vlcek, “Characterization of thermochromic VO2 (prepared at 250◦ C) in a wide temperature range by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 421, 529–534 (2017).
[Crossref]

Hu, Z.

P. Zhang, T. Huang, Q. You, J. Zhang, W. Li, J. Wu, Z. Hu, and J. Chu, “Effects of crystal orientation on electronic band structure and anomalous shift of higher critical point in vo \r2\r, thin films during the phase transition process,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 48(48), 485302 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hu, Z. G.

W. W. Li, J. J. Zhu, J. R. Liang, Z. G. Hu, J. Liu, H. D. Chen, and J. H. Chu, “External electric field manipulations on structural phase transition of vanadium dioxide nanoparticles and its application in field effect transistor,” J. Phys. Chem. 115(47), 23558–23563 (2011).

Huang, T.

P. Zhang, T. Huang, Q. You, J. Zhang, W. Li, J. Wu, Z. Hu, and J. Chu, “Effects of crystal orientation on electronic band structure and anomalous shift of higher critical point in vo \r2\r, thin films during the phase transition process,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 48(48), 485302 (2015).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y.

Z. Huang, S. Chen, C. Lv, Y. Huang, and J. Lai, “Infrared characteristics of VO2, thin films for smart window and laser protection applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(19), 191905 (2012).
[Crossref]

Huang, Z.

Z. Huang, S. Chen, C. Lv, Y. Huang, and J. Lai, “Infrared characteristics of VO2, thin films for smart window and laser protection applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(19), 191905 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ivey, D. G.

Z. Ding, Y. Feng, R. Ji, D. Zhang, L. Chen, S. Wang, D. G. Ivey, and W. Wei, “Improving the electrochemical cyclability of lithium manganese orthosilicate through the pillaring effects of gradient Na substitution,” J. Power Sources 349, 18–26 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ji, R.

Z. Ding, Y. Feng, R. Ji, D. Zhang, L. Chen, S. Wang, D. G. Ivey, and W. Wei, “Improving the electrochemical cyclability of lithium manganese orthosilicate through the pillaring effects of gradient Na substitution,” J. Power Sources 349, 18–26 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jin, P.

H. Kakiuchida, P. Jin, S. Nakao, and M. Tazawa, “Optical properties of vanadium dioxide film during semiconductive-metallic phase transition,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(5), 113–116 (2007).
[Crossref]

P. Jin, G. Xu, M. Tazawa, and K. Yoshimura, “Design, formation and characterization of novel multifunctional window with VO2and TiO2 coatings,” Appl. Phys 77(A), 455–459 (2003).

Jones, A. C.

A. C. Jones, S. Berweger, J. Wei, D. Cobden, and M. B. Raschke, “Nano-optical investigations of the metal-insulator phase behavior of individual VO(2) microcrystals,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1574–1581 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Junda, M. M.

P. Uprety, K. J. Lambright, C. R. Grice, M. M. Junda, D. M. Giolando, and N. J. Podraza, “Morphological and optical properties of low temperature processed SnO2:F,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 254(10), 1700102 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Uprety, M. M. Junda, and N. J. Podraza, “Optical properties of borosilicate glass from 3.1mm to 210nm (0.4meV to 5.89eV) by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Surface Science Spectra 24, 026003 (2017).

Jungwirth, T.

T. Jungwirth, J. Sinova, A. H. Macdonald, B. L. Gallagher, V. Novak, K. W. Edmonds, and et al.., “On the character of states near the fermi level in (Ga,Mn)As: impurity to valence band crossover,” Physics 76(12), 3398–3407 (2007).

Kakiuchida, H.

H. Kakiuchida, P. Jin, S. Nakao, and M. Tazawa, “Optical properties of vanadium dioxide film during semiconductive-metallic phase transition,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(5), 113–116 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kana, K.

K. Kana, J. M. Ndjaka, V. A. Gibaud, and M. Maaza, “Thermally tunable optical constants of vanadium dioxide thin films measured by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Opt. Commun. 284(3), 807–812 (2011).
[Crossref]

Karaoglane-Bebek, G.

Y. Zhao, G. Karaoglane-Bebek, and X. Pan, “Hydrogen-doping stabilized metallic VO2 (R) thin films and their application to suppress Fabry-Perot resonances in the terahertz regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(24), 241901 (2014).
[Crossref]

Kittiwatanakul, S.

E. Radue, E. Crisman, L. Wang, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, R. Wincheski, R. A. Lukaszew, and I. Novikova, “Effect of a substrate-induced microstructure on the optical properties of the insulator-metal transition temperature in VO2 thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(23), 233104 (2013).
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E. Caruthers and L. Kleinman, “Energy Bands of Semiconducting VO2,” Phys. Rev. B 7(8), 3760–3766 (1973).
[Crossref]

Kolenaty, D.

J. Houska, D. Kolenaty, J. Rezek, and J. Vlcek, “Characterization of thermochromic VO2 (prepared at 250◦ C) in a wide temperature range by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 421, 529–534 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lai, J.

Z. Huang, S. Chen, C. Lv, Y. Huang, and J. Lai, “Infrared characteristics of VO2, thin films for smart window and laser protection applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(19), 191905 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lambright, K. J.

P. Uprety, K. J. Lambright, C. R. Grice, M. M. Junda, D. M. Giolando, and N. J. Podraza, “Morphological and optical properties of low temperature processed SnO2:F,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 254(10), 1700102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Li, D.

M. L. Xiang, D. Li, H. Qi, W. Li, B. Zhong, and Y. Sun, “Mixed alcohols synthesis from carbon monoxide hydrogenation over potassium promoted β-Mo2C catalysts,” Fuel 86(9), 1298–1303 (2007).
[Crossref]

Li, S. Y.

S. Y. Li, G. A. Niklasson, and C. G. Granqvist, “Thermochromic fenestration with VO2-based materials: Three challenges and how they can be met,” Thin Solid Films 520(10), 3823–3828 (2012).
[Crossref]

Li, W.

P. Zhang, T. Huang, Q. You, J. Zhang, W. Li, J. Wu, Z. Hu, and J. Chu, “Effects of crystal orientation on electronic band structure and anomalous shift of higher critical point in vo \r2\r, thin films during the phase transition process,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 48(48), 485302 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. L. Xiang, D. Li, H. Qi, W. Li, B. Zhong, and Y. Sun, “Mixed alcohols synthesis from carbon monoxide hydrogenation over potassium promoted β-Mo2C catalysts,” Fuel 86(9), 1298–1303 (2007).
[Crossref]

Li, W. W.

W. W. Li, J. J. Zhu, J. R. Liang, Z. G. Hu, J. Liu, H. D. Chen, and J. H. Chu, “External electric field manipulations on structural phase transition of vanadium dioxide nanoparticles and its application in field effect transistor,” J. Phys. Chem. 115(47), 23558–23563 (2011).

Lian, J.

M. L. Zhao, Y. Shi, J. Dai, and J. Lian, “Ellipsometry study of the complex optical constants of a CsPbBr3 perovskite thin film,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 6(39), 10450–10455 (2018).
[Crossref]

Liang, J. R.

W. W. Li, J. J. Zhu, J. R. Liang, Z. G. Hu, J. Liu, H. D. Chen, and J. H. Chu, “External electric field manipulations on structural phase transition of vanadium dioxide nanoparticles and its application in field effect transistor,” J. Phys. Chem. 115(47), 23558–23563 (2011).

Liu, H.

H. Liu, Y. Wang, K. Wang, E. Hosono, and H. Zhou, “Design and synthesis of a novel nanothorn VO2(B) hollow microsphere and their application in lithium-ion batteries,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(18), 2835–2840 (2009).
[Crossref]

Liu, J.

W. W. Li, J. J. Zhu, J. R. Liang, Z. G. Hu, J. Liu, H. D. Chen, and J. H. Chu, “External electric field manipulations on structural phase transition of vanadium dioxide nanoparticles and its application in field effect transistor,” J. Phys. Chem. 115(47), 23558–23563 (2011).

Liu, W. T.

W. T. Liu, J. Cao, W. Fan, Z. Hao, M. C. Martin, Y. R. Shen, J. Wu, and F. Wang, “Intrinsic optical properties of vanadium dioxide near the insulator-metal transition,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 466–470 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, J.

E. Radue, E. Crisman, L. Wang, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, R. Wincheski, R. A. Lukaszew, and I. Novikova, “Effect of a substrate-induced microstructure on the optical properties of the insulator-metal transition temperature in VO2 thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(23), 233104 (2013).
[Crossref]

Lukaszew, R. A.

E. Radue, E. Crisman, L. Wang, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, R. Wincheski, R. A. Lukaszew, and I. Novikova, “Effect of a substrate-induced microstructure on the optical properties of the insulator-metal transition temperature in VO2 thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(23), 233104 (2013).
[Crossref]

Luryi, S.

M. Gurvitch, S. Luryi, A. Polyakov, and A. Shabalov, “Nonhysteretic behavior inside the hysteresis loop of VO2 and its possible application in infrared imaging,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(10), 104504 (2009).
[Crossref]

Lv, C.

Z. Huang, S. Chen, C. Lv, Y. Huang, and J. Lai, “Infrared characteristics of VO2, thin films for smart window and laser protection applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(19), 191905 (2012).
[Crossref]

Maaza, M.

K. Kana, J. M. Ndjaka, V. A. Gibaud, and M. Maaza, “Thermally tunable optical constants of vanadium dioxide thin films measured by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Opt. Commun. 284(3), 807–812 (2011).
[Crossref]

Macdonald, A. H.

T. Jungwirth, J. Sinova, A. H. Macdonald, B. L. Gallagher, V. Novak, K. W. Edmonds, and et al.., “On the character of states near the fermi level in (Ga,Mn)As: impurity to valence band crossover,” Physics 76(12), 3398–3407 (2007).

Malitson, I. H.

Manning, T. D.

T. D. Manning and I. P. Parkin, “Atmospheric pressure chemical vapour deposition of tungsten doped vanadium(iv) oxide from VOCl3, water and WCl6,” J. Mater. Chem. 14(16), 2554–2559 (2004).
[Crossref]

Martin, M. C.

W. T. Liu, J. Cao, W. Fan, Z. Hao, M. C. Martin, Y. R. Shen, J. Wu, and F. Wang, “Intrinsic optical properties of vanadium dioxide near the insulator-metal transition,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 466–470 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marvel, R. E.

R. E. Marvel, R. R. Harl, and B. R. Rogers, “Comparison of VO2 thin films deposited by pulsed laser, electron-beam and sputter deposition,” Acta Mater. 91, 217–226 (2015).
[Crossref]

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M. J. Miller and J. Wang, “Influence of Na diffusion on thermochromism of vanadium oxide films and suppression through mixed-alkali effect,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 200, 50–58 (2015).
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Minor, A. M.

H. Guo, K. Chen, Y. Oh, K. Wang, C. Dejoie, S. A. Syed Asif, O. L. Warren, Z. W. Shan, J. Wu, and A. M. Minor, “Mechanics and dynamics of the strain-induced M1-M2 structural phase transition in individual VO₂ nanowires,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3207–3213 (2011).
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F. J. Morin, “Oxides which show a metal- to-insulator transition at the neel temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 3(1), 34–36 (1959).
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Nakao, S.

H. Kakiuchida, P. Jin, S. Nakao, and M. Tazawa, “Optical properties of vanadium dioxide film during semiconductive-metallic phase transition,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(5), 113–116 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ndjaka, J. M.

K. Kana, J. M. Ndjaka, V. A. Gibaud, and M. Maaza, “Thermally tunable optical constants of vanadium dioxide thin films measured by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Opt. Commun. 284(3), 807–812 (2011).
[Crossref]

Niklasson, G. A.

S. Y. Li, G. A. Niklasson, and C. G. Granqvist, “Thermochromic fenestration with VO2-based materials: Three challenges and how they can be met,” Thin Solid Films 520(10), 3823–3828 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. M. Babulanam, T. S. Eriksson, G. A. Niklasson, and C. G. Granqvist, “Thermochromic VO2 films for energy-efficient windows,” Sol. Energy Mater. 16(5), 347–363 (1987).
[Crossref]

Novak, V.

T. Jungwirth, J. Sinova, A. H. Macdonald, B. L. Gallagher, V. Novak, K. W. Edmonds, and et al.., “On the character of states near the fermi level in (Ga,Mn)As: impurity to valence band crossover,” Physics 76(12), 3398–3407 (2007).

Novikova, I.

E. Radue, E. Crisman, L. Wang, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, R. Wincheski, R. A. Lukaszew, and I. Novikova, “Effect of a substrate-induced microstructure on the optical properties of the insulator-metal transition temperature in VO2 thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(23), 233104 (2013).
[Crossref]

Oh, Y.

H. Guo, K. Chen, Y. Oh, K. Wang, C. Dejoie, S. A. Syed Asif, O. L. Warren, Z. W. Shan, J. Wu, and A. M. Minor, “Mechanics and dynamics of the strain-induced M1-M2 structural phase transition in individual VO₂ nanowires,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3207–3213 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pan, X.

Y. Zhao, G. Karaoglane-Bebek, and X. Pan, “Hydrogen-doping stabilized metallic VO2 (R) thin films and their application to suppress Fabry-Perot resonances in the terahertz regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(24), 241901 (2014).
[Crossref]

Parkin, I. P.

T. D. Manning and I. P. Parkin, “Atmospheric pressure chemical vapour deposition of tungsten doped vanadium(iv) oxide from VOCl3, water and WCl6,” J. Mater. Chem. 14(16), 2554–2559 (2004).
[Crossref]

Penilla, E.

E. Penilla, F. G. Pérez-Gutiérrez, W. Duvall, G. Aguilar, and J. L. Wang, “Optical properties of super stoichiometric TiN1+x thin films,” Thin Solid Films 524, 272–277 (2012).
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E. Penilla and J. Wang, “Pressure and temperature effects on stoichiometry and microstructure of nitrogen-rich tin thin films synthesized via reactive magnetron DC-sputtering,” J. Nanomater. 2008, 1–9 (2008).
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Pérez-Gutiérrez, F. G.

E. Penilla, F. G. Pérez-Gutiérrez, W. Duvall, G. Aguilar, and J. L. Wang, “Optical properties of super stoichiometric TiN1+x thin films,” Thin Solid Films 524, 272–277 (2012).
[Crossref]

Podraza, N. J.

P. Uprety, K. J. Lambright, C. R. Grice, M. M. Junda, D. M. Giolando, and N. J. Podraza, “Morphological and optical properties of low temperature processed SnO2:F,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 254(10), 1700102 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Uprety, M. M. Junda, and N. J. Podraza, “Optical properties of borosilicate glass from 3.1mm to 210nm (0.4meV to 5.89eV) by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Surface Science Spectra 24, 026003 (2017).

Polyakov, A.

M. Gurvitch, S. Luryi, A. Polyakov, and A. Shabalov, “Nonhysteretic behavior inside the hysteresis loop of VO2 and its possible application in infrared imaging,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(10), 104504 (2009).
[Crossref]

Qi, H.

M. L. Xiang, D. Li, H. Qi, W. Li, B. Zhong, and Y. Sun, “Mixed alcohols synthesis from carbon monoxide hydrogenation over potassium promoted β-Mo2C catalysts,” Fuel 86(9), 1298–1303 (2007).
[Crossref]

Radue, E.

E. Radue, E. Crisman, L. Wang, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, R. Wincheski, R. A. Lukaszew, and I. Novikova, “Effect of a substrate-induced microstructure on the optical properties of the insulator-metal transition temperature in VO2 thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(23), 233104 (2013).
[Crossref]

Raschke, M. B.

A. C. Jones, S. Berweger, J. Wei, D. Cobden, and M. B. Raschke, “Nano-optical investigations of the metal-insulator phase behavior of individual VO(2) microcrystals,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1574–1581 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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R. W. Revie, “Corrosion of Glass,” J. John Wiley & Sons, Inc 29, 399–419 (2011).

Rezek, J.

J. Houska, D. Kolenaty, J. Rezek, and J. Vlcek, “Characterization of thermochromic VO2 (prepared at 250◦ C) in a wide temperature range by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 421, 529–534 (2017).
[Crossref]

Rogers, B. R.

R. E. Marvel, R. R. Harl, and B. R. Rogers, “Comparison of VO2 thin films deposited by pulsed laser, electron-beam and sputter deposition,” Acta Mater. 91, 217–226 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rúa, A.

N. Sepúlveda, A. Rúa, R. Cabrera, and F. Fernández, “Young’s modulus of VO2 thin films as a function of temperature including insulator-to-metal transition regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 191913 (2008).
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M. Rubin, “Optical properties of soda lime silica glasses,” Sol. Energy Mater. 12(4), 275–288 (1985).
[Crossref]

Sai, K. Y.

K. Y. Sai, T. Shune, and P. Han, “Effect of grain curvature on nano-indentation measurements of thin films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(9), 6268–6273 (2004).

Sepúlveda, N.

N. Sepúlveda, A. Rúa, R. Cabrera, and F. Fernández, “Young’s modulus of VO2 thin films as a function of temperature including insulator-to-metal transition regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 191913 (2008).
[Crossref]

Shabalov, A.

M. Gurvitch, S. Luryi, A. Polyakov, and A. Shabalov, “Nonhysteretic behavior inside the hysteresis loop of VO2 and its possible application in infrared imaging,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(10), 104504 (2009).
[Crossref]

Shan, Z. W.

H. Guo, K. Chen, Y. Oh, K. Wang, C. Dejoie, S. A. Syed Asif, O. L. Warren, Z. W. Shan, J. Wu, and A. M. Minor, “Mechanics and dynamics of the strain-induced M1-M2 structural phase transition in individual VO₂ nanowires,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3207–3213 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shen, Y. R.

W. T. Liu, J. Cao, W. Fan, Z. Hao, M. C. Martin, Y. R. Shen, J. Wu, and F. Wang, “Intrinsic optical properties of vanadium dioxide near the insulator-metal transition,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 466–470 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shi, Y.

M. L. Zhao, Y. Shi, J. Dai, and J. Lian, “Ellipsometry study of the complex optical constants of a CsPbBr3 perovskite thin film,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 6(39), 10450–10455 (2018).
[Crossref]

Shune, T.

K. Y. Sai, T. Shune, and P. Han, “Effect of grain curvature on nano-indentation measurements of thin films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(9), 6268–6273 (2004).

Sinova, J.

T. Jungwirth, J. Sinova, A. H. Macdonald, B. L. Gallagher, V. Novak, K. W. Edmonds, and et al.., “On the character of states near the fermi level in (Ga,Mn)As: impurity to valence band crossover,” Physics 76(12), 3398–3407 (2007).

Sun, Y.

M. L. Xiang, D. Li, H. Qi, W. Li, B. Zhong, and Y. Sun, “Mixed alcohols synthesis from carbon monoxide hydrogenation over potassium promoted β-Mo2C catalysts,” Fuel 86(9), 1298–1303 (2007).
[Crossref]

Syed Asif, S. A.

H. Guo, K. Chen, Y. Oh, K. Wang, C. Dejoie, S. A. Syed Asif, O. L. Warren, Z. W. Shan, J. Wu, and A. M. Minor, “Mechanics and dynamics of the strain-induced M1-M2 structural phase transition in individual VO₂ nanowires,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3207–3213 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tazawa, M.

H. Kakiuchida, P. Jin, S. Nakao, and M. Tazawa, “Optical properties of vanadium dioxide film during semiconductive-metallic phase transition,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(5), 113–116 (2007).
[Crossref]

P. Jin, G. Xu, M. Tazawa, and K. Yoshimura, “Design, formation and characterization of novel multifunctional window with VO2and TiO2 coatings,” Appl. Phys 77(A), 455–459 (2003).

Uprety, P.

P. Uprety, K. J. Lambright, C. R. Grice, M. M. Junda, D. M. Giolando, and N. J. Podraza, “Morphological and optical properties of low temperature processed SnO2:F,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 254(10), 1700102 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Uprety, M. M. Junda, and N. J. Podraza, “Optical properties of borosilicate glass from 3.1mm to 210nm (0.4meV to 5.89eV) by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Surface Science Spectra 24, 026003 (2017).

P. Uprety and et al.., “Spectroscopic ellipsometry determination of optical and electrical properties of ZnO:Al,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 421, 852–858 (2017).
[Crossref]

Vlcek, J.

J. Houska, D. Kolenaty, J. Rezek, and J. Vlcek, “Characterization of thermochromic VO2 (prepared at 250◦ C) in a wide temperature range by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 421, 529–534 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, F.

W. T. Liu, J. Cao, W. Fan, Z. Hao, M. C. Martin, Y. R. Shen, J. Wu, and F. Wang, “Intrinsic optical properties of vanadium dioxide near the insulator-metal transition,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 466–470 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

M. J. Miller and J. Wang, “Influence of Na diffusion on thermochromism of vanadium oxide films and suppression through mixed-alkali effect,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 200, 50–58 (2015).
[Crossref]

E. Penilla and J. Wang, “Pressure and temperature effects on stoichiometry and microstructure of nitrogen-rich tin thin films synthesized via reactive magnetron DC-sputtering,” J. Nanomater. 2008, 1–9 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang, J. L.

E. Penilla, F. G. Pérez-Gutiérrez, W. Duvall, G. Aguilar, and J. L. Wang, “Optical properties of super stoichiometric TiN1+x thin films,” Thin Solid Films 524, 272–277 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wang, K.

H. Guo, K. Chen, Y. Oh, K. Wang, C. Dejoie, S. A. Syed Asif, O. L. Warren, Z. W. Shan, J. Wu, and A. M. Minor, “Mechanics and dynamics of the strain-induced M1-M2 structural phase transition in individual VO₂ nanowires,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3207–3213 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Liu, Y. Wang, K. Wang, E. Hosono, and H. Zhou, “Design and synthesis of a novel nanothorn VO2(B) hollow microsphere and their application in lithium-ion batteries,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(18), 2835–2840 (2009).
[Crossref]

Wang, L.

E. Radue, E. Crisman, L. Wang, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, R. Wincheski, R. A. Lukaszew, and I. Novikova, “Effect of a substrate-induced microstructure on the optical properties of the insulator-metal transition temperature in VO2 thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(23), 233104 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wang, S.

Z. Ding, Y. Feng, R. Ji, D. Zhang, L. Chen, S. Wang, D. G. Ivey, and W. Wei, “Improving the electrochemical cyclability of lithium manganese orthosilicate through the pillaring effects of gradient Na substitution,” J. Power Sources 349, 18–26 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, Y.

H. Liu, Y. Wang, K. Wang, E. Hosono, and H. Zhou, “Design and synthesis of a novel nanothorn VO2(B) hollow microsphere and their application in lithium-ion batteries,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(18), 2835–2840 (2009).
[Crossref]

Warren, O. L.

H. Guo, K. Chen, Y. Oh, K. Wang, C. Dejoie, S. A. Syed Asif, O. L. Warren, Z. W. Shan, J. Wu, and A. M. Minor, “Mechanics and dynamics of the strain-induced M1-M2 structural phase transition in individual VO₂ nanowires,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3207–3213 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wei, J.

A. C. Jones, S. Berweger, J. Wei, D. Cobden, and M. B. Raschke, “Nano-optical investigations of the metal-insulator phase behavior of individual VO(2) microcrystals,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1574–1581 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wei, W.

Z. Ding, Y. Feng, R. Ji, D. Zhang, L. Chen, S. Wang, D. G. Ivey, and W. Wei, “Improving the electrochemical cyclability of lithium manganese orthosilicate through the pillaring effects of gradient Na substitution,” J. Power Sources 349, 18–26 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wincheski, R.

E. Radue, E. Crisman, L. Wang, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, R. Wincheski, R. A. Lukaszew, and I. Novikova, “Effect of a substrate-induced microstructure on the optical properties of the insulator-metal transition temperature in VO2 thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(23), 233104 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wolf, S. A.

E. Radue, E. Crisman, L. Wang, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, R. Wincheski, R. A. Lukaszew, and I. Novikova, “Effect of a substrate-induced microstructure on the optical properties of the insulator-metal transition temperature in VO2 thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(23), 233104 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wu, J.

P. Zhang, T. Huang, Q. You, J. Zhang, W. Li, J. Wu, Z. Hu, and J. Chu, “Effects of crystal orientation on electronic band structure and anomalous shift of higher critical point in vo \r2\r, thin films during the phase transition process,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 48(48), 485302 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. T. Liu, J. Cao, W. Fan, Z. Hao, M. C. Martin, Y. R. Shen, J. Wu, and F. Wang, “Intrinsic optical properties of vanadium dioxide near the insulator-metal transition,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 466–470 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Guo, K. Chen, Y. Oh, K. Wang, C. Dejoie, S. A. Syed Asif, O. L. Warren, Z. W. Shan, J. Wu, and A. M. Minor, “Mechanics and dynamics of the strain-induced M1-M2 structural phase transition in individual VO₂ nanowires,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3207–3213 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, J. Q.

Y. J. Gu, J. B. Cao, J. Q. Wu, and L. Q. Chen, “Thermodynamics of strained vanadium dioxide single crystals,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 108(8), 083517 (2010).
[Crossref]

Xiang, M. L.

M. L. Xiang, D. Li, H. Qi, W. Li, B. Zhong, and Y. Sun, “Mixed alcohols synthesis from carbon monoxide hydrogenation over potassium promoted β-Mo2C catalysts,” Fuel 86(9), 1298–1303 (2007).
[Crossref]

Xu, G.

P. Jin, G. Xu, M. Tazawa, and K. Yoshimura, “Design, formation and characterization of novel multifunctional window with VO2and TiO2 coatings,” Appl. Phys 77(A), 455–459 (2003).

Yoshimura, K.

P. Jin, G. Xu, M. Tazawa, and K. Yoshimura, “Design, formation and characterization of novel multifunctional window with VO2and TiO2 coatings,” Appl. Phys 77(A), 455–459 (2003).

You, Q.

P. Zhang, T. Huang, Q. You, J. Zhang, W. Li, J. Wu, Z. Hu, and J. Chu, “Effects of crystal orientation on electronic band structure and anomalous shift of higher critical point in vo \r2\r, thin films during the phase transition process,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 48(48), 485302 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, D.

Z. Ding, Y. Feng, R. Ji, D. Zhang, L. Chen, S. Wang, D. G. Ivey, and W. Wei, “Improving the electrochemical cyclability of lithium manganese orthosilicate through the pillaring effects of gradient Na substitution,” J. Power Sources 349, 18–26 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

P. Zhang, T. Huang, Q. You, J. Zhang, W. Li, J. Wu, Z. Hu, and J. Chu, “Effects of crystal orientation on electronic band structure and anomalous shift of higher critical point in vo \r2\r, thin films during the phase transition process,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 48(48), 485302 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, P.

P. Zhang, T. Huang, Q. You, J. Zhang, W. Li, J. Wu, Z. Hu, and J. Chu, “Effects of crystal orientation on electronic band structure and anomalous shift of higher critical point in vo \r2\r, thin films during the phase transition process,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 48(48), 485302 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, M. L.

M. L. Zhao, Y. Shi, J. Dai, and J. Lian, “Ellipsometry study of the complex optical constants of a CsPbBr3 perovskite thin film,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 6(39), 10450–10455 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhao, Y.

Y. Zhao, G. Karaoglane-Bebek, and X. Pan, “Hydrogen-doping stabilized metallic VO2 (R) thin films and their application to suppress Fabry-Perot resonances in the terahertz regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(24), 241901 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhong, B.

M. L. Xiang, D. Li, H. Qi, W. Li, B. Zhong, and Y. Sun, “Mixed alcohols synthesis from carbon monoxide hydrogenation over potassium promoted β-Mo2C catalysts,” Fuel 86(9), 1298–1303 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhou, H.

H. Liu, Y. Wang, K. Wang, E. Hosono, and H. Zhou, “Design and synthesis of a novel nanothorn VO2(B) hollow microsphere and their application in lithium-ion batteries,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(18), 2835–2840 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhu, J. J.

W. W. Li, J. J. Zhu, J. R. Liang, Z. G. Hu, J. Liu, H. D. Chen, and J. H. Chu, “External electric field manipulations on structural phase transition of vanadium dioxide nanoparticles and its application in field effect transistor,” J. Phys. Chem. 115(47), 23558–23563 (2011).

Acta Mater. (1)

R. E. Marvel, R. R. Harl, and B. R. Rogers, “Comparison of VO2 thin films deposited by pulsed laser, electron-beam and sputter deposition,” Acta Mater. 91, 217–226 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys (1)

P. Jin, G. Xu, M. Tazawa, and K. Yoshimura, “Design, formation and characterization of novel multifunctional window with VO2and TiO2 coatings,” Appl. Phys 77(A), 455–459 (2003).

Appl. Phys. (Berl.) (1)

Y. J. Gu, J. B. Cao, J. Q. Wu, and L. Q. Chen, “Thermodynamics of strained vanadium dioxide single crystals,” Appl. Phys. (Berl.) 108(8), 083517 (2010).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

Z. Huang, S. Chen, C. Lv, Y. Huang, and J. Lai, “Infrared characteristics of VO2, thin films for smart window and laser protection applications,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(19), 191905 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhao, G. Karaoglane-Bebek, and X. Pan, “Hydrogen-doping stabilized metallic VO2 (R) thin films and their application to suppress Fabry-Perot resonances in the terahertz regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 104(24), 241901 (2014).
[Crossref]

N. Sepúlveda, A. Rúa, R. Cabrera, and F. Fernández, “Young’s modulus of VO2 thin films as a function of temperature including insulator-to-metal transition regime,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 92(19), 191913 (2008).
[Crossref]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (2)

J. Houska, D. Kolenaty, J. Rezek, and J. Vlcek, “Characterization of thermochromic VO2 (prepared at 250◦ C) in a wide temperature range by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 421, 529–534 (2017).
[Crossref]

P. Uprety and et al.., “Spectroscopic ellipsometry determination of optical and electrical properties of ZnO:Al,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 421, 852–858 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fuel (1)

M. L. Xiang, D. Li, H. Qi, W. Li, B. Zhong, and Y. Sun, “Mixed alcohols synthesis from carbon monoxide hydrogenation over potassium promoted β-Mo2C catalysts,” Fuel 86(9), 1298–1303 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

E. Radue, E. Crisman, L. Wang, S. Kittiwatanakul, J. Lu, S. A. Wolf, R. Wincheski, R. A. Lukaszew, and I. Novikova, “Effect of a substrate-induced microstructure on the optical properties of the insulator-metal transition temperature in VO2 thin films,” J. Appl. Phys. 113(23), 233104 (2013).
[Crossref]

M. Gurvitch, S. Luryi, A. Polyakov, and A. Shabalov, “Nonhysteretic behavior inside the hysteresis loop of VO2 and its possible application in infrared imaging,” J. Appl. Phys. 106(10), 104504 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. John Wiley & Sons, Inc (1)

R. W. Revie, “Corrosion of Glass,” J. John Wiley & Sons, Inc 29, 399–419 (2011).

J. Mater. Chem. (2)

H. Liu, Y. Wang, K. Wang, E. Hosono, and H. Zhou, “Design and synthesis of a novel nanothorn VO2(B) hollow microsphere and their application in lithium-ion batteries,” J. Mater. Chem. 19(18), 2835–2840 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. D. Manning and I. P. Parkin, “Atmospheric pressure chemical vapour deposition of tungsten doped vanadium(iv) oxide from VOCl3, water and WCl6,” J. Mater. Chem. 14(16), 2554–2559 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices (1)

M. L. Zhao, Y. Shi, J. Dai, and J. Lian, “Ellipsometry study of the complex optical constants of a CsPbBr3 perovskite thin film,” J. Mater. Chem. C Mater. Opt. Electron. Devices 6(39), 10450–10455 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Nanomater. (1)

E. Penilla and J. Wang, “Pressure and temperature effects on stoichiometry and microstructure of nitrogen-rich tin thin films synthesized via reactive magnetron DC-sputtering,” J. Nanomater. 2008, 1–9 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Phys. Chem. (1)

W. W. Li, J. J. Zhu, J. R. Liang, Z. G. Hu, J. Liu, H. D. Chen, and J. H. Chu, “External electric field manipulations on structural phase transition of vanadium dioxide nanoparticles and its application in field effect transistor,” J. Phys. Chem. 115(47), 23558–23563 (2011).

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

P. Zhang, T. Huang, Q. You, J. Zhang, W. Li, J. Wu, Z. Hu, and J. Chu, “Effects of crystal orientation on electronic band structure and anomalous shift of higher critical point in vo \r2\r, thin films during the phase transition process,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 48(48), 485302 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Power Sources (1)

Z. Ding, Y. Feng, R. Ji, D. Zhang, L. Chen, S. Wang, D. G. Ivey, and W. Wei, “Improving the electrochemical cyclability of lithium manganese orthosilicate through the pillaring effects of gradient Na substitution,” J. Power Sources 349, 18–26 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (2)

H. Kakiuchida, P. Jin, S. Nakao, and M. Tazawa, “Optical properties of vanadium dioxide film during semiconductive-metallic phase transition,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 46(5), 113–116 (2007).
[Crossref]

K. Y. Sai, T. Shune, and P. Han, “Effect of grain curvature on nano-indentation measurements of thin films,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43(9), 6268–6273 (2004).

Mater. Sci. Eng. B (1)

M. J. Miller and J. Wang, “Influence of Na diffusion on thermochromism of vanadium oxide films and suppression through mixed-alkali effect,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 200, 50–58 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (3)

H. Guo, K. Chen, Y. Oh, K. Wang, C. Dejoie, S. A. Syed Asif, O. L. Warren, Z. W. Shan, J. Wu, and A. M. Minor, “Mechanics and dynamics of the strain-induced M1-M2 structural phase transition in individual VO₂ nanowires,” Nano Lett. 11(8), 3207–3213 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. C. Jones, S. Berweger, J. Wei, D. Cobden, and M. B. Raschke, “Nano-optical investigations of the metal-insulator phase behavior of individual VO(2) microcrystals,” Nano Lett. 10(5), 1574–1581 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. T. Liu, J. Cao, W. Fan, Z. Hao, M. C. Martin, Y. R. Shen, J. Wu, and F. Wang, “Intrinsic optical properties of vanadium dioxide near the insulator-metal transition,” Nano Lett. 11(2), 466–470 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (1)

K. Kana, J. M. Ndjaka, V. A. Gibaud, and M. Maaza, “Thermally tunable optical constants of vanadium dioxide thin films measured by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Opt. Commun. 284(3), 807–812 (2011).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. B (2)

E. Caruthers and L. Kleinman, “Energy Bands of Semiconducting VO2,” Phys. Rev. B 7(8), 3760–3766 (1973).
[Crossref]

A. Cavalleri and T. Dekorsy, “Evidence for a structurally-driven insulator-to-metal transition in VO2: a view from the ultrafast timescale,” Phys. Rev. B 70(16), 2806–2810 (2004).

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

F. J. Morin, “Oxides which show a metal- to-insulator transition at the neel temperature,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 3(1), 34–36 (1959).
[Crossref]

Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. (1)

P. Uprety, K. J. Lambright, C. R. Grice, M. M. Junda, D. M. Giolando, and N. J. Podraza, “Morphological and optical properties of low temperature processed SnO2:F,” Phys. Status Solidi, B Basic Res. 254(10), 1700102 (2017).
[Crossref]

Physics (1)

T. Jungwirth, J. Sinova, A. H. Macdonald, B. L. Gallagher, V. Novak, K. W. Edmonds, and et al.., “On the character of states near the fermi level in (Ga,Mn)As: impurity to valence band crossover,” Physics 76(12), 3398–3407 (2007).

Sol. Energy Mater. (2)

M. Rubin, “Optical properties of soda lime silica glasses,” Sol. Energy Mater. 12(4), 275–288 (1985).
[Crossref]

S. M. Babulanam, T. S. Eriksson, G. A. Niklasson, and C. G. Granqvist, “Thermochromic VO2 films for energy-efficient windows,” Sol. Energy Mater. 16(5), 347–363 (1987).
[Crossref]

Surface Science Spectra (1)

P. Uprety, M. M. Junda, and N. J. Podraza, “Optical properties of borosilicate glass from 3.1mm to 210nm (0.4meV to 5.89eV) by spectroscopic ellipsometry,” Surface Science Spectra 24, 026003 (2017).

Thin Solid Films (2)

E. Penilla, F. G. Pérez-Gutiérrez, W. Duvall, G. Aguilar, and J. L. Wang, “Optical properties of super stoichiometric TiN1+x thin films,” Thin Solid Films 524, 272–277 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Li, G. A. Niklasson, and C. G. Granqvist, “Thermochromic fenestration with VO2-based materials: Three challenges and how they can be met,” Thin Solid Films 520(10), 3823–3828 (2012).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

Y. Gao, L. Kang, and Z. Chen, “Solution Processing of Nanoceramic VO2 Thin Films for Application to Smart Windows,” in Nanofabrication (In Tech, 2011).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 3D topographical images of the VO2 film surfaces on three different substrates by AFM measurement: (a) SL, (b) PS and (c) FQ.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 XRD spectra for the VO2 films on SL, PS and FQ substrates respectively.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) XPS survey spectra for the VO2 films on PS and SL substrates, (b) the fit spectrum of the Na1s in the SL-VO2 film, (c) the fit spectrum of the K2p in the PS-VO2.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The refractive index for the three kinds of substrates, k = 0 for all substrates.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Ellipsometry experimental (dots) and simulated (lines) data of the VO2 films on the three substrates.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Schematic of the structural model used in the analysis of VO2 thin film on glass substrates.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The photon energy dependent optical constants of VO2 thin films deposited on different substrates: (a)SL, (b)PS, (c)FQ. Left vertical axis is the Refractive index (n). Right vertical axis is the Extinction coefficient (k). Inset is the second derivative spectrogram of the imaginary part of dielectric constant.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 The variation diagram of VO2 film refractive index under variable temperature: (a) SL-VO2 and (b) PS-VO2.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 The variation diagram of VO2 film extinction coefficient under variable temperature: (a) SL-VO2 and (b) PS-VO2.

Tables (6)

Tables Icon

Table 1 The roughness data measured by AFM (Ra)

Tables Icon

Table 2 EDX results of VO2 films on FQ substrate.

Tables Icon

Table 3 The best fitting parameters in the Cauchy model for different substrates and the corresponding MSE

Tables Icon

Table 4 The best fitting parameters in the Lorentz oscillators for samples

Tables Icon

Table 5 VO2 film thickness, roughness and MSE by SE

Tables Icon

Table 6 Ellipsometry fitting parameters and MSE at varying temperature

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

n=A+ B λ 2 + C λ 4
MSE= 1 2nm i=1 n [ ( ψ exp ψ mod ) 2 + ( Δ exp Δ mod ) 2 ] ×1000
ε= ε + Σ j AmpE n 0 B r j E n 0 j 2 E n 2 iB r j En

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