Abstract

We report a broadband absorber in the infrared regime by using uniform-sized hyperbolic metamaterial composed of metal-dielectric pairs with different filling ratios. We found that the broadband absorption originated from the multiple slow-wave modes. Furthermore, the absorption bandwidth can be engineered by adding or reducing metal-dielectric pairs. In addition, the absorption performance of the proposed absorber retains well in wide angles. This broadband absorber is a good candidate for potential applications such as detection and phase imaging.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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2018 (1)

2017 (5)

2016 (1)

C. Long, S. Yin, W. Wang, W. Li, J. Zhu, and J. Guan, “Broadening the absorption bandwidth of metamaterial absorbers by transverse magnetic harmonics of 210 mode,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 21431 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (2)

H. Deng, Z. Li, L. Stan, D. Rosenmann, D. Czaplewski, J. Gao, and X. Yang, “Broadband perfect absorber based on one ultrathin layer of refractory metal,” Opt. Lett. 40(11), 2592–2595 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Ji, H. Song, X. Zeng, H. Hu, K. Liu, N. Zhang, and Q. Gan, “Broadband absorption engineering of hyperbolic metafilm patterns,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4498 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (7)

F. Ding, Y. Jin, B. Li, H. Cheng, L. Mo, and S. He, “Ultrabroadband strong light absorption based on thin multilayered metamaterials,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(6), 946–953 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. He, F. Ding, L. Mo, and F. Bao, “Light absorber with an ultra-broad flat band based on multi-sized slow-wave hyperbolic metamaterial thin-films,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 147, 69–79 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Zhu, Z. Ma, W. Sun, F. Ding, Q. He, L. Zhou, and Y. Ma, “Ultra-broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Zhou, A. F. Kaplan, L. Chen, and L. J. Guo, “Experiment and Theory of the Broadband Absorption by a Tapered Hyperbolic Metamaterial Array,” ACS Photonics 1(7), 618–624 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Wang, Y. Cui, Y. He, Y. Hao, Y. Lin, X. Tian, T. Ji, and S. He, “Efficient multiband absorber based on one-dimensional periodic metal-dielectric photonic crystal with a reflective substrate,” Opt. Lett. 39(2), 331–334 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Meng, D. Zhao, Z. Ruan, Q. Li, Y. Yang, and M. Qiu, “Optimized grating as an ultra-narrow band absorber or plasmonic sensor,” Opt. Lett. 39(5), 1137–1140 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Wu, S. Xu, Y. Zhang, Y. Wu, J. Jiang, Q. Wang, X. Zhang, and Y. Zhu, “Asymmetric transmission and optical rotation of a quasi-3D asymmetric metallic structure,” Opt. Lett. 39(22), 6426–6429 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (3)

X. Xiong, Z.-H. Xue, C. Meng, S.-C. Jiang, Y.-H. Hu, R.-W. Peng, and M. Wang, “Polarization-dependent perfect absorbers/reflectors based on a three-dimensional metamaterial,” Phys. Rev. B 88(11), 115105 (2013).
[Crossref]

X. Xiong, S. C. Jiang, Y. H. Hu, R. W. Peng, and M. Wang, “Structured metal film as a perfect absorber,” Adv. Mater. 25(29), 3994–4000 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Mattiucci, M. J. Bloemer, N. Aközbek, and G. D’Aguanno, “Impedance matched thin metamaterials make metals absorbing,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 3203 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (3)

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband Light Absorption by a Sawtooth Anisotropic Metamaterial Slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Ding, Y. Cui, X. Ge, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Ultra-broadband microwave metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(10), 103506 (2012).
[Crossref]

Y. Wang, T. Sun, T. Paudel, Y. Zhang, Z. Ren, and K. Kempa, “Metamaterial-plasmonic absorber structure for high efficiency amorphous silicon solar cells,” Nano Lett. 12(1), 440–445 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 517 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (5)

D. Y. Shchegolkov, A. K. Azad, J. F. O’Hara, and E. I. Simakov, “Perfect subwavelength fishnetlike metamaterial-based film terahertz absorbers,” Phys. Rev. B 82(20), 205117 (2010).
[Crossref]

C. Min, J. Li, G. Veronis, J.-Y. Lee, S. Fan, and P. Peumans, “Enhancement of optical absorption in thin-film organic solar cells through the excitation of plasmonic modes in metallic gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(13), 133302 (2010).
[Crossref]

N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. M. Hao, J. Wang, X. L. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, T. Starr, A. F. Starr, and W. J. Padilla, “Infrared spatial and frequency selective metamaterial with near-unity absorbance,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 104(20), 207403 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (4)

N. I. Landy, C. M. Bingham, T. Tyler, N. Jokerst, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Design, theory, and measurement of a polarization-insensitive absorber for terahertz imaging,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 125104 (2009).
[Crossref]

N. P. Sergeant, O. Pincon, M. Agrawal, and P. Peumans, “Design of wide-angle solar-selective absorbers using aperiodic metal-dielectric stacks,” Opt. Express 17(25), 22800–22812 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Diem, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Wide-angle perfect absorber/thermal emitter in the terahertz regime,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 033101 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Rosenberg, R. V. Shenoi, T. E. Vandervelde, S. Krishna, and O. Painter, “A multispectral and polarization-selective surface-plasmon resonant midinfrared detector,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(16), 161101 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

N. I. Landy, S. Sajuyigbe, J. J. Mock, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Perfect metamaterial absorber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 100(20), 207402 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Li and J. B. Pendry, “Hiding under the carpet: a new strategy for cloaking,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 101(20), 203901 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2006 (2)

Z. Yu, G. Veronis, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Design of midinfrared photodetectors enhanced by surface plasmons on grating structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(15), 151116 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. W. Dong, G. Q. Liang, Y. H. Chen, and H. Z. Wang, “Robust absorption broadband in one-dimensional metallic-dielectric quasi-periodic structure,” Opt. Express 14(5), 2014–2020 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(18), 3966–3969 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

1986 (1)

1982 (1)

D. Aspnes, “Local-field effects and effective-medium theory: A microscopic perspective,” Am. J. Phys. 50(8), 704–709 (1982).
[Crossref]

Agrawal, M.

Aközbek, N.

N. Mattiucci, M. J. Bloemer, N. Aközbek, and G. D’Aguanno, “Impedance matched thin metamaterials make metals absorbing,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 3203 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aspnes, D.

D. Aspnes, “Local-field effects and effective-medium theory: A microscopic perspective,” Am. J. Phys. 50(8), 704–709 (1982).
[Crossref]

Atwater, H. A.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 517 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aydin, K.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 517 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Azad, A. K.

D. Y. Shchegolkov, A. K. Azad, J. F. O’Hara, and E. I. Simakov, “Perfect subwavelength fishnetlike metamaterial-based film terahertz absorbers,” Phys. Rev. B 82(20), 205117 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bao, F.

S. He, F. Ding, L. Mo, and F. Bao, “Light absorber with an ultra-broad flat band based on multi-sized slow-wave hyperbolic metamaterial thin-films,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 147, 69–79 (2014).
[Crossref]

Bartal, G.

J. Valentine, S. Zhang, T. Zentgraf, E. Ulin-Avila, D. A. Genov, G. Bartal, and X. Zhang, “Three-dimensional optical metamaterial with a negative refractive index,” Nature 455(7211), 376–379 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bingham, C. M.

N. I. Landy, C. M. Bingham, T. Tyler, N. Jokerst, D. R. Smith, and W. J. Padilla, “Design, theory, and measurement of a polarization-insensitive absorber for terahertz imaging,” Phys. Rev. B 79(12), 125104 (2009).
[Crossref]

Bloemer, M. J.

N. Mattiucci, M. J. Bloemer, N. Aközbek, and G. D’Aguanno, “Impedance matched thin metamaterials make metals absorbing,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 3203 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Briggs, R. M.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 517 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Brongersma, M. L.

Z. Yu, G. Veronis, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Design of midinfrared photodetectors enhanced by surface plasmons on grating structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(15), 151116 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

J. Zhou, A. F. Kaplan, L. Chen, and L. J. Guo, “Experiment and Theory of the Broadband Absorption by a Tapered Hyperbolic Metamaterial Array,” ACS Photonics 1(7), 618–624 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, Y. H.

Chen, Z.

Y.-L. Liao, Y. Zhao, X. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “An ultra-narrowband absorber with a compound dielectric grating and metal substrate,” Opt. Commun. 385, 172–176 (2017).
[Crossref]

Cheng, H.

F. Ding, Y. Jin, B. Li, H. Cheng, L. Mo, and S. He, “Ultrabroadband strong light absorption based on thin multilayered metamaterials,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(6), 946–953 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cui, Y.

Y. Lin, Y. Cui, F. Ding, K. H. Fung, T. Ji, D. Li, and Y. Hao, “Tungsten based anisotropic metamaterial as an ultra-broadband absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(2), 606–617 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Wang, Y. Cui, Y. He, Y. Hao, Y. Lin, X. Tian, T. Ji, and S. He, “Efficient multiband absorber based on one-dimensional periodic metal-dielectric photonic crystal with a reflective substrate,” Opt. Lett. 39(2), 331–334 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband Light Absorption by a Sawtooth Anisotropic Metamaterial Slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. Ding, Y. Cui, X. Ge, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Ultra-broadband microwave metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(10), 103506 (2012).
[Crossref]

Czaplewski, D.

Czaplewski, D. A.

D’Aguanno, G.

N. Mattiucci, M. J. Bloemer, N. Aközbek, and G. D’Aguanno, “Impedance matched thin metamaterials make metals absorbing,” Sci. Rep. 3(1), 3203 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deng, H.

Diem, M.

M. Diem, T. Koschny, and C. M. Soukoulis, “Wide-angle perfect absorber/thermal emitter in the terahertz regime,” Phys. Rev. B 79(3), 033101 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ding, F.

Y. Lin, Y. Cui, F. Ding, K. H. Fung, T. Ji, D. Li, and Y. Hao, “Tungsten based anisotropic metamaterial as an ultra-broadband absorber,” Opt. Mater. Express 7(2), 606–617 (2017).
[Crossref]

S. He, F. Ding, L. Mo, and F. Bao, “Light absorber with an ultra-broad flat band based on multi-sized slow-wave hyperbolic metamaterial thin-films,” Prog. Electromagnetics Res. 147, 69–79 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Ding, Y. Jin, B. Li, H. Cheng, L. Mo, and S. He, “Ultrabroadband strong light absorption based on thin multilayered metamaterials,” Laser Photonics Rev. 8(6), 946–953 (2014).
[Crossref]

J. Zhu, Z. Ma, W. Sun, F. Ding, Q. He, L. Zhou, and Y. Ma, “Ultra-broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(2), 021102 (2014).
[Crossref]

F. Ding, Y. Cui, X. Ge, Y. Jin, and S. He, “Ultra-broadband microwave metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 100(10), 103506 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dong, J. W.

Fan, S.

C. Min, J. Li, G. Veronis, J.-Y. Lee, S. Fan, and P. Peumans, “Enhancement of optical absorption in thin-film organic solar cells through the excitation of plasmonic modes in metallic gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(13), 133302 (2010).
[Crossref]

Z. Yu, G. Veronis, S. Fan, and M. L. Brongersma, “Design of midinfrared photodetectors enhanced by surface plasmons on grating structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(15), 151116 (2006).
[Crossref]

Fang, N. X.

Y. Cui, K. H. Fung, J. Xu, H. Ma, Y. Jin, S. He, and N. X. Fang, “Ultrabroadband Light Absorption by a Sawtooth Anisotropic Metamaterial Slab,” Nano Lett. 12(3), 1443–1447 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ferry, V. E.

K. Aydin, V. E. Ferry, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Broadband polarization-independent resonant light absorption using ultrathin plasmonic super absorbers,” Nat. Commun. 2(1), 517 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fung, K. H.

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J. M. Hao, J. Wang, X. L. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
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Zhang, X.

Y.-L. Liao, Y. Zhao, X. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “An ultra-narrowband absorber with a compound dielectric grating and metal substrate,” Opt. Commun. 385, 172–176 (2017).
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S. Wu, S. Xu, Y. Zhang, Y. Wu, J. Jiang, Q. Wang, X. Zhang, and Y. Zhu, “Asymmetric transmission and optical rotation of a quasi-3D asymmetric metallic structure,” Opt. Lett. 39(22), 6426–6429 (2014).
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J. Zhou, A. F. Kaplan, L. Chen, and L. J. Guo, “Experiment and Theory of the Broadband Absorption by a Tapered Hyperbolic Metamaterial Array,” ACS Photonics 1(7), 618–624 (2014).
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Zhu, J.

C. Long, S. Yin, W. Wang, W. Li, J. Zhu, and J. Guan, “Broadening the absorption bandwidth of metamaterial absorbers by transverse magnetic harmonics of 210 mode,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 21431 (2016).
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J. Zhu, Z. Ma, W. Sun, F. Ding, Q. He, L. Zhou, and Y. Ma, “Ultra-broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(2), 021102 (2014).
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ACS Photonics (1)

J. Zhou, A. F. Kaplan, L. Chen, and L. J. Guo, “Experiment and Theory of the Broadband Absorption by a Tapered Hyperbolic Metamaterial Array,” ACS Photonics 1(7), 618–624 (2014).
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J. Zhu, Z. Ma, W. Sun, F. Ding, Q. He, L. Zhou, and Y. Ma, “Ultra-broadband terahertz metamaterial absorber,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 105(2), 021102 (2014).
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C. Min, J. Li, G. Veronis, J.-Y. Lee, S. Fan, and P. Peumans, “Enhancement of optical absorption in thin-film organic solar cells through the excitation of plasmonic modes in metallic gratings,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(13), 133302 (2010).
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J. M. Hao, J. Wang, X. L. Liu, W. J. Padilla, L. Zhou, and M. Qiu, “High performance optical absorber based on a plasmonic metamaterial,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(25), 251104 (2010).
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Y. Wang, T. Sun, T. Paudel, Y. Zhang, Z. Ren, and K. Kempa, “Metamaterial-plasmonic absorber structure for high efficiency amorphous silicon solar cells,” Nano Lett. 12(1), 440–445 (2012).
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N. Liu, M. Mesch, T. Weiss, M. Hentschel, and H. Giessen, “Infrared perfect absorber and its application as plasmonic sensor,” Nano Lett. 10(7), 2342–2348 (2010).
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Nature (1)

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Opt. Commun. (2)

Y.-L. Liao, Y. Zhao, X. Zhang, and Z. Chen, “An ultra-narrowband absorber with a compound dielectric grating and metal substrate,” Opt. Commun. 385, 172–176 (2017).
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D. Ji, H. Song, X. Zeng, H. Hu, K. Liu, N. Zhang, and Q. Gan, “Broadband absorption engineering of hyperbolic metafilm patterns,” Sci. Rep. 4(1), 4498 (2015).
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C. Long, S. Yin, W. Wang, W. Li, J. Zhu, and J. Guan, “Broadening the absorption bandwidth of metamaterial absorbers by transverse magnetic harmonics of 210 mode,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 21431 (2016).
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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) Schematic of the multilayer grating structure. (b) One unit cell in the x-z plane. (c) Absorption spectrum of the multilayer grating structure.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Effective permittivity of the periodic Au-ZnS films as a function of wavelength; (a) real part of ε x , (b) imaginary part of ε x , (c) real part of ε z , (d) imaginary part of ε z .
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 (a) Filling ratio as a function of the Au-ZnS pair index. (b) Absorption spectra calculated with EMT and RCWA.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 (a) Diagram of the air/AMM/air waveguide. (b) Resonance wavelength as a function real part of ε z .
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Magnetic field distribution in the x-z plane at different incident wavelengths; (a) λ=5.7μm (b) λ=6.4μm, (c) λ=7.1μm, (d) λ=7.8μm.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 Absorption spectra with different Au-ZnS pairs; (a) adding or reducing pairs located in the bottom parts, (b) adding or reducing pairs located in the top parts.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 (a) Absorption spectra with adding and reducing Au film thicknesses. (b) Absorption spectra with adding and reducing ZnS film thicknesses.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 (a) Absorption spectra with different grating widths. (b) Absorption spectra with normal or reversed order of Au-ZnS pairs.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 Absorption as functions of wavelengths and incident angles.

Equations (5)

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ε ZnS =8.393+ 0.14383 λ 2 0.2421 2 + 4430.99 λ 2 36.71 2
ε Au =1 ω p 2 ω( ω+i ω c )
ε x = ε y =f ε Au +( 1f ) ε ZnS
ε z = ε Au ε ZnS f ε ZnS +( 1f ) ε Au
λ s 2w ε z