Abstract

We systematically investigate the optical properties of silver films to clear up the inconsistency in the published values of the dielectric function of silver. The silver films were deposited on mica by using a facing target sputtering system, which yielded a large area single crystal of silver suitable for the fabrication of high-finesse plasmonic devices and metamaterials. We confirmed that wide variations in the optical properties of silver were associated with the overall quality of the silver films including crystal structure, thickness, and surface roughness. The quality factor of the surface plasmon polaritons calculated for the obtained single crystal is 5 × 103, which is about five times higher than that for polycrystalline films.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Low-temperature enhancement of plasmonic performance in silver films

Sriharsha V. Jayanti, Jong Hyuk Park, Alexandr Dejneka, Dagmar Chvostova, Kevin M. McPeak, Xiaoshu Chen, Sang-Hyun Oh, and David J. Norris
Opt. Mater. Express 5(5) 1147-1155 (2015)

Room temperature fabrication of titanium nitride thin films as plasmonic materials by high-power impulse magnetron sputtering

Zih-Ying Yang, Yi-Hsun Chen, Bo-Huei Liao, and Kuo-Ping Chen
Opt. Mater. Express 6(2) 540-551 (2016)

Titanium nitride as a plasmonic material for visible and near-infrared wavelengths

Gururaj V. Naik, Jeremy L. Schroeder, Xingjie Ni, Alexander V. Kildishev, Timothy D. Sands, and Alexandra Boltasseva
Opt. Mater. Express 2(4) 478-489 (2012)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. V. G. Veselago and E. E. Narimanov, “The left hand of brightness: past, present and future of negative index materials,” Nat. Mater. 5(10), 759–762 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. N. I. Zheludev, “The road ahead for metamaterials,” Science 328(5978), 582–583 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(18), 3966–3969 (2000).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles,” Opt. Commun. 220(1–3), 137–141 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  5. N. I. Zheludev, S. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and V. Fedotov, “Lasing spaser,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 351–354 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  6. S. A. Maier and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonics: localization and guiding of electromagnetic energy in metal/dielectric structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(1), 011101 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  7. D. A. Bobb, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, A. V. Gavrilenko, P. Mead, V. I. Gavrilenko, and M. A. Noginov, “Engineering of low-loss metal for nanoplasmonic and metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(15), 151102 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  8. M. G. Blaber, M. D. Arnold, and M. J. Ford, “Optical properties of intermetallic compounds from first principles calculations: a search for the ideal plasmonic material,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(14), 144211 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. P. R. West, S. Ishii, G. V. Naik, N. K. Emani, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Searching for Better Plasmonic Materials,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(6), 795–808 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  10. K. Tanaka, E. Plum, J. Y. Ou, T. Uchino, and N. I. Zheludev, “Multifold enhancement of quantum dot luminescence in plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(22), 227403 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. M. Kuttge, E. J. R. Vesseur, J. Verhoeven, H. J. Lezec, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Loss mechanisms of surface plasmon polaritons on gold probed by cathodoluminescence imaging spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(11), 113110 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  12. V. A. Fedotov, T. Uchino, and J. Y. Ou, “Low-loss plasmonic metamaterial based on epitaxial gold monocrystal film,” Opt. Express 20(9), 9545–9550 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. Y. Wu, C. Zhang, N. M. Estakhri, Y. Zhao, J. Kim, M. Zhang, X. X. Liu, G. K. Pribil, A. Alù, C. K. Shih, and X. Li, “Intrinsic Optical Properties and Enhanced Plasmonic Response of Epitaxial Silver,” Adv. Mater. 26(35), 6106–6110 (2014).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. C. Y. Wang, H. Y. Chen, L. Sun, W. L. Chen, Y. M. Chang, H. Ahn, X. Li, and S. Gwo, “Giant colloidal silver crystals for low-loss linear and nonlinear plasmonics,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7734 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. A. A. Baski and H. Fuchs, “Epitaxial growth of silver on mica as studied by AFM and STM,” Surf. Sci. 313(3), 275–288 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  16. T. Mori, T. Mori, Y. Tanaka, Y. Suzaki, and K. Yamaguchi, “Fabrication of single-crystalline plasmonic nanostructures on transparent and flexible amorphous substrates,” Sci. Rep. 7, 42859 (2017).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. S. Buchholz, H. Fuchs, and J. P. Rabe, “Surface structure of thin metallic films on mica as seen by scanning tunneling microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and low-energy electron diffraction,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 9(2), 857 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  18. M. J. Hall and M. W. Thompson, “Epitaxy and twinning in foils of some noble metals condensed upon lithium fluoride and mica,” Br. J. Appl. Phys. 12(9), 495–498 (1961).
    [Crossref]
  19. N. P. Logeeswaran VJ, M. S. Kobayashi, W. Islam, P. Wu, N. X. Chaturvedi, S. Y. Fang, Wang, and R. S. Williams, “Ultrasmooth silver thin films deposited with a germanium nucleation layer,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 178–182 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. Y. Jiang, S. Pillai, and M. A. Green, “Re-evaluation of literature values of silver optical constants,” Opt. Express 23(3), 2133–2144 (2015).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. H. U. Yang, J. D’Archangel, M. L. Sundheimer, E. Tucker, G. D. Boreman, and M. B. Raschke, “Optical dielectric function of silver,” Phys. Rev. B 91(23), 235137 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  22. Y. Jiang, S. Pillai, and M. A. Green, “Realistic Silver Optical Constants for Plasmonics,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 30605 (2016).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical Constants of the Noble Metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
    [Crossref]
  24. P. Nagpal, N. C. Lindquist, S. H. Oh, and D. J. Norris, “Ultrasmooth patterned metals for plasmonics and metamaterials,” Science 325(5940), 594–597 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. W. L. Barnes, “Surface plasmon–polariton length scales: a route to sub-wavelength optics,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 8(4), S87–S93 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  26. S. Kadokura, M. Naoe, S. Nakagawa, and Y. Maeda, “Nano-size magnetic crystallite formation in Co-Cr thin films for perpendicular recording media,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 34(4), 1642–1644 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  27. J. Moon and H. Kim, “Sputtering of aluminum cathodes on OLEDs using linear facing target sputtering with ladder-type magnet arrays,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 155(7), J187–J192 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  28. V. A. Fedotov, M. Rose, S. L. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Sharp trapped-mode resonances in planar metamaterials with a broken structural symmetry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(14), 147401 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. W. P. Davey, “Precision Measurements of the Lattice Constants of Twelve Common Metals,” Phys. Rev. 25(6), 753–761 (1925).
    [Crossref]
  30. M. Higo, K. Fujita, M. Mitsushio, T. Yoshidome, and T. Kakoi, “Epitaxial growth and surface morphology of aluminum films deposited on mica studied by transmission electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy,” Thin Solid Films 516(1), 17–24 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  31. E. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic Press 1998).
  32. D. J. Nash and J. R. Sambles, “Surface plasmon-polariton study of the optical dielectric function of silver,” J. Mod. Opt. 43(1), 81–91 (1996).
  33. J. M. Bennett, J. L. Stanford, and E. J. Ashley, “Optical constants of silver sulfide tarnish films,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 60(2), 224–232 (1970).
    [Crossref]

2017 (1)

T. Mori, T. Mori, Y. Tanaka, Y. Suzaki, and K. Yamaguchi, “Fabrication of single-crystalline plasmonic nanostructures on transparent and flexible amorphous substrates,” Sci. Rep. 7, 42859 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2016 (1)

Y. Jiang, S. Pillai, and M. A. Green, “Realistic Silver Optical Constants for Plasmonics,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 30605 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2015 (3)

H. U. Yang, J. D’Archangel, M. L. Sundheimer, E. Tucker, G. D. Boreman, and M. B. Raschke, “Optical dielectric function of silver,” Phys. Rev. B 91(23), 235137 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Jiang, S. Pillai, and M. A. Green, “Re-evaluation of literature values of silver optical constants,” Opt. Express 23(3), 2133–2144 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Y. Wang, H. Y. Chen, L. Sun, W. L. Chen, Y. M. Chang, H. Ahn, X. Li, and S. Gwo, “Giant colloidal silver crystals for low-loss linear and nonlinear plasmonics,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7734 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2014 (1)

Y. Wu, C. Zhang, N. M. Estakhri, Y. Zhao, J. Kim, M. Zhang, X. X. Liu, G. K. Pribil, A. Alù, C. K. Shih, and X. Li, “Intrinsic Optical Properties and Enhanced Plasmonic Response of Epitaxial Silver,” Adv. Mater. 26(35), 6106–6110 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

2010 (3)

P. R. West, S. Ishii, G. V. Naik, N. K. Emani, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Searching for Better Plasmonic Materials,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(6), 795–808 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. Tanaka, E. Plum, J. Y. Ou, T. Uchino, and N. I. Zheludev, “Multifold enhancement of quantum dot luminescence in plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(22), 227403 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. I. Zheludev, “The road ahead for metamaterials,” Science 328(5978), 582–583 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2009 (4)

D. A. Bobb, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, A. V. Gavrilenko, P. Mead, V. I. Gavrilenko, and M. A. Noginov, “Engineering of low-loss metal for nanoplasmonic and metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(15), 151102 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. G. Blaber, M. D. Arnold, and M. J. Ford, “Optical properties of intermetallic compounds from first principles calculations: a search for the ideal plasmonic material,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(14), 144211 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. P. Logeeswaran VJ, M. S. Kobayashi, W. Islam, P. Wu, N. X. Chaturvedi, S. Y. Fang, Wang, and R. S. Williams, “Ultrasmooth silver thin films deposited with a germanium nucleation layer,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 178–182 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Nagpal, N. C. Lindquist, S. H. Oh, and D. J. Norris, “Ultrasmooth patterned metals for plasmonics and metamaterials,” Science 325(5940), 594–597 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

J. Moon and H. Kim, “Sputtering of aluminum cathodes on OLEDs using linear facing target sputtering with ladder-type magnet arrays,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 155(7), J187–J192 (2008).
[Crossref]

M. Kuttge, E. J. R. Vesseur, J. Verhoeven, H. J. Lezec, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Loss mechanisms of surface plasmon polaritons on gold probed by cathodoluminescence imaging spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(11), 113110 (2008).
[Crossref]

N. I. Zheludev, S. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and V. Fedotov, “Lasing spaser,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 351–354 (2008).
[Crossref]

2007 (2)

V. A. Fedotov, M. Rose, S. L. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Sharp trapped-mode resonances in planar metamaterials with a broken structural symmetry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(14), 147401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Higo, K. Fujita, M. Mitsushio, T. Yoshidome, and T. Kakoi, “Epitaxial growth and surface morphology of aluminum films deposited on mica studied by transmission electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy,” Thin Solid Films 516(1), 17–24 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (2)

W. L. Barnes, “Surface plasmon–polariton length scales: a route to sub-wavelength optics,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 8(4), S87–S93 (2006).
[Crossref]

V. G. Veselago and E. E. Narimanov, “The left hand of brightness: past, present and future of negative index materials,” Nat. Mater. 5(10), 759–762 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2005 (1)

S. A. Maier and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonics: localization and guiding of electromagnetic energy in metal/dielectric structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(1), 011101 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles,” Opt. Commun. 220(1–3), 137–141 (2003).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(18), 3966–3969 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1998 (1)

S. Kadokura, M. Naoe, S. Nakagawa, and Y. Maeda, “Nano-size magnetic crystallite formation in Co-Cr thin films for perpendicular recording media,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 34(4), 1642–1644 (1998).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

D. J. Nash and J. R. Sambles, “Surface plasmon-polariton study of the optical dielectric function of silver,” J. Mod. Opt. 43(1), 81–91 (1996).

1994 (1)

A. A. Baski and H. Fuchs, “Epitaxial growth of silver on mica as studied by AFM and STM,” Surf. Sci. 313(3), 275–288 (1994).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

S. Buchholz, H. Fuchs, and J. P. Rabe, “Surface structure of thin metallic films on mica as seen by scanning tunneling microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and low-energy electron diffraction,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 9(2), 857 (1991).
[Crossref]

1972 (1)

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical Constants of the Noble Metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

1970 (1)

1961 (1)

M. J. Hall and M. W. Thompson, “Epitaxy and twinning in foils of some noble metals condensed upon lithium fluoride and mica,” Br. J. Appl. Phys. 12(9), 495–498 (1961).
[Crossref]

1925 (1)

W. P. Davey, “Precision Measurements of the Lattice Constants of Twelve Common Metals,” Phys. Rev. 25(6), 753–761 (1925).
[Crossref]

Ahn, H.

C. Y. Wang, H. Y. Chen, L. Sun, W. L. Chen, Y. M. Chang, H. Ahn, X. Li, and S. Gwo, “Giant colloidal silver crystals for low-loss linear and nonlinear plasmonics,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7734 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Alù, A.

Y. Wu, C. Zhang, N. M. Estakhri, Y. Zhao, J. Kim, M. Zhang, X. X. Liu, G. K. Pribil, A. Alù, C. K. Shih, and X. Li, “Intrinsic Optical Properties and Enhanced Plasmonic Response of Epitaxial Silver,” Adv. Mater. 26(35), 6106–6110 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arnold, M. D.

M. G. Blaber, M. D. Arnold, and M. J. Ford, “Optical properties of intermetallic compounds from first principles calculations: a search for the ideal plasmonic material,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(14), 144211 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ashley, E. J.

Atwater, H. A.

M. Kuttge, E. J. R. Vesseur, J. Verhoeven, H. J. Lezec, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Loss mechanisms of surface plasmon polaritons on gold probed by cathodoluminescence imaging spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(11), 113110 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. A. Maier and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonics: localization and guiding of electromagnetic energy in metal/dielectric structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(1), 011101 (2005).
[Crossref]

Aussenegg, F. R.

W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles,” Opt. Commun. 220(1–3), 137–141 (2003).
[Crossref]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, “Surface plasmon–polariton length scales: a route to sub-wavelength optics,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 8(4), S87–S93 (2006).
[Crossref]

Baski, A. A.

A. A. Baski and H. Fuchs, “Epitaxial growth of silver on mica as studied by AFM and STM,” Surf. Sci. 313(3), 275–288 (1994).
[Crossref]

Bennett, J. M.

Blaber, M. G.

M. G. Blaber, M. D. Arnold, and M. J. Ford, “Optical properties of intermetallic compounds from first principles calculations: a search for the ideal plasmonic material,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(14), 144211 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bobb, D. A.

D. A. Bobb, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, A. V. Gavrilenko, P. Mead, V. I. Gavrilenko, and M. A. Noginov, “Engineering of low-loss metal for nanoplasmonic and metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(15), 151102 (2009).
[Crossref]

Boltasseva, A.

P. R. West, S. Ishii, G. V. Naik, N. K. Emani, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Searching for Better Plasmonic Materials,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(6), 795–808 (2010).
[Crossref]

Boreman, G. D.

H. U. Yang, J. D’Archangel, M. L. Sundheimer, E. Tucker, G. D. Boreman, and M. B. Raschke, “Optical dielectric function of silver,” Phys. Rev. B 91(23), 235137 (2015).
[Crossref]

Buchholz, S.

S. Buchholz, H. Fuchs, and J. P. Rabe, “Surface structure of thin metallic films on mica as seen by scanning tunneling microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and low-energy electron diffraction,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 9(2), 857 (1991).
[Crossref]

Chang, Y. M.

C. Y. Wang, H. Y. Chen, L. Sun, W. L. Chen, Y. M. Chang, H. Ahn, X. Li, and S. Gwo, “Giant colloidal silver crystals for low-loss linear and nonlinear plasmonics,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7734 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chaturvedi, N. X.

N. P. Logeeswaran VJ, M. S. Kobayashi, W. Islam, P. Wu, N. X. Chaturvedi, S. Y. Fang, Wang, and R. S. Williams, “Ultrasmooth silver thin films deposited with a germanium nucleation layer,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 178–182 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, H. Y.

C. Y. Wang, H. Y. Chen, L. Sun, W. L. Chen, Y. M. Chang, H. Ahn, X. Li, and S. Gwo, “Giant colloidal silver crystals for low-loss linear and nonlinear plasmonics,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7734 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chen, W. L.

C. Y. Wang, H. Y. Chen, L. Sun, W. L. Chen, Y. M. Chang, H. Ahn, X. Li, and S. Gwo, “Giant colloidal silver crystals for low-loss linear and nonlinear plasmonics,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7734 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Christy, R. W.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical Constants of the Noble Metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

D’Archangel, J.

H. U. Yang, J. D’Archangel, M. L. Sundheimer, E. Tucker, G. D. Boreman, and M. B. Raschke, “Optical dielectric function of silver,” Phys. Rev. B 91(23), 235137 (2015).
[Crossref]

Davey, W. P.

W. P. Davey, “Precision Measurements of the Lattice Constants of Twelve Common Metals,” Phys. Rev. 25(6), 753–761 (1925).
[Crossref]

Emani, N. K.

P. R. West, S. Ishii, G. V. Naik, N. K. Emani, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Searching for Better Plasmonic Materials,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(6), 795–808 (2010).
[Crossref]

Estakhri, N. M.

Y. Wu, C. Zhang, N. M. Estakhri, Y. Zhao, J. Kim, M. Zhang, X. X. Liu, G. K. Pribil, A. Alù, C. K. Shih, and X. Li, “Intrinsic Optical Properties and Enhanced Plasmonic Response of Epitaxial Silver,” Adv. Mater. 26(35), 6106–6110 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fang, S. Y.

N. P. Logeeswaran VJ, M. S. Kobayashi, W. Islam, P. Wu, N. X. Chaturvedi, S. Y. Fang, Wang, and R. S. Williams, “Ultrasmooth silver thin films deposited with a germanium nucleation layer,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 178–182 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fedotov, V.

N. I. Zheludev, S. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and V. Fedotov, “Lasing spaser,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 351–354 (2008).
[Crossref]

Fedotov, V. A.

V. A. Fedotov, T. Uchino, and J. Y. Ou, “Low-loss plasmonic metamaterial based on epitaxial gold monocrystal film,” Opt. Express 20(9), 9545–9550 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. A. Fedotov, M. Rose, S. L. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Sharp trapped-mode resonances in planar metamaterials with a broken structural symmetry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(14), 147401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ford, M. J.

M. G. Blaber, M. D. Arnold, and M. J. Ford, “Optical properties of intermetallic compounds from first principles calculations: a search for the ideal plasmonic material,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(14), 144211 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fuchs, H.

A. A. Baski and H. Fuchs, “Epitaxial growth of silver on mica as studied by AFM and STM,” Surf. Sci. 313(3), 275–288 (1994).
[Crossref]

S. Buchholz, H. Fuchs, and J. P. Rabe, “Surface structure of thin metallic films on mica as seen by scanning tunneling microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and low-energy electron diffraction,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 9(2), 857 (1991).
[Crossref]

Fujita, K.

M. Higo, K. Fujita, M. Mitsushio, T. Yoshidome, and T. Kakoi, “Epitaxial growth and surface morphology of aluminum films deposited on mica studied by transmission electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy,” Thin Solid Films 516(1), 17–24 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gavrilenko, A. V.

D. A. Bobb, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, A. V. Gavrilenko, P. Mead, V. I. Gavrilenko, and M. A. Noginov, “Engineering of low-loss metal for nanoplasmonic and metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(15), 151102 (2009).
[Crossref]

Gavrilenko, V. I.

D. A. Bobb, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, A. V. Gavrilenko, P. Mead, V. I. Gavrilenko, and M. A. Noginov, “Engineering of low-loss metal for nanoplasmonic and metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(15), 151102 (2009).
[Crossref]

Green, M. A.

Y. Jiang, S. Pillai, and M. A. Green, “Realistic Silver Optical Constants for Plasmonics,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 30605 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Jiang, S. Pillai, and M. A. Green, “Re-evaluation of literature values of silver optical constants,” Opt. Express 23(3), 2133–2144 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gwo, S.

C. Y. Wang, H. Y. Chen, L. Sun, W. L. Chen, Y. M. Chang, H. Ahn, X. Li, and S. Gwo, “Giant colloidal silver crystals for low-loss linear and nonlinear plasmonics,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7734 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hall, M. J.

M. J. Hall and M. W. Thompson, “Epitaxy and twinning in foils of some noble metals condensed upon lithium fluoride and mica,” Br. J. Appl. Phys. 12(9), 495–498 (1961).
[Crossref]

Higo, M.

M. Higo, K. Fujita, M. Mitsushio, T. Yoshidome, and T. Kakoi, “Epitaxial growth and surface morphology of aluminum films deposited on mica studied by transmission electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy,” Thin Solid Films 516(1), 17–24 (2007).
[Crossref]

Hohenau, A.

W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles,” Opt. Commun. 220(1–3), 137–141 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ishii, S.

P. R. West, S. Ishii, G. V. Naik, N. K. Emani, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Searching for Better Plasmonic Materials,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(6), 795–808 (2010).
[Crossref]

Islam, W.

N. P. Logeeswaran VJ, M. S. Kobayashi, W. Islam, P. Wu, N. X. Chaturvedi, S. Y. Fang, Wang, and R. S. Williams, “Ultrasmooth silver thin films deposited with a germanium nucleation layer,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 178–182 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jiang, Y.

Y. Jiang, S. Pillai, and M. A. Green, “Realistic Silver Optical Constants for Plasmonics,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 30605 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Jiang, S. Pillai, and M. A. Green, “Re-evaluation of literature values of silver optical constants,” Opt. Express 23(3), 2133–2144 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Johnson, P. B.

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical Constants of the Noble Metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

Kadokura, S.

S. Kadokura, M. Naoe, S. Nakagawa, and Y. Maeda, “Nano-size magnetic crystallite formation in Co-Cr thin films for perpendicular recording media,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 34(4), 1642–1644 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kakoi, T.

M. Higo, K. Fujita, M. Mitsushio, T. Yoshidome, and T. Kakoi, “Epitaxial growth and surface morphology of aluminum films deposited on mica studied by transmission electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy,” Thin Solid Films 516(1), 17–24 (2007).
[Crossref]

Kim, H.

J. Moon and H. Kim, “Sputtering of aluminum cathodes on OLEDs using linear facing target sputtering with ladder-type magnet arrays,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 155(7), J187–J192 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kim, J.

Y. Wu, C. Zhang, N. M. Estakhri, Y. Zhao, J. Kim, M. Zhang, X. X. Liu, G. K. Pribil, A. Alù, C. K. Shih, and X. Li, “Intrinsic Optical Properties and Enhanced Plasmonic Response of Epitaxial Silver,” Adv. Mater. 26(35), 6106–6110 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kobayashi, M. S.

N. P. Logeeswaran VJ, M. S. Kobayashi, W. Islam, P. Wu, N. X. Chaturvedi, S. Y. Fang, Wang, and R. S. Williams, “Ultrasmooth silver thin films deposited with a germanium nucleation layer,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 178–182 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krenn, J. R.

W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles,” Opt. Commun. 220(1–3), 137–141 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kuttge, M.

M. Kuttge, E. J. R. Vesseur, J. Verhoeven, H. J. Lezec, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Loss mechanisms of surface plasmon polaritons on gold probed by cathodoluminescence imaging spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(11), 113110 (2008).
[Crossref]

Lamprecht, B.

W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles,” Opt. Commun. 220(1–3), 137–141 (2003).
[Crossref]

Leitner, A.

W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles,” Opt. Commun. 220(1–3), 137–141 (2003).
[Crossref]

Lezec, H. J.

M. Kuttge, E. J. R. Vesseur, J. Verhoeven, H. J. Lezec, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Loss mechanisms of surface plasmon polaritons on gold probed by cathodoluminescence imaging spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(11), 113110 (2008).
[Crossref]

Li, X.

C. Y. Wang, H. Y. Chen, L. Sun, W. L. Chen, Y. M. Chang, H. Ahn, X. Li, and S. Gwo, “Giant colloidal silver crystals for low-loss linear and nonlinear plasmonics,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7734 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Wu, C. Zhang, N. M. Estakhri, Y. Zhao, J. Kim, M. Zhang, X. X. Liu, G. K. Pribil, A. Alù, C. K. Shih, and X. Li, “Intrinsic Optical Properties and Enhanced Plasmonic Response of Epitaxial Silver,” Adv. Mater. 26(35), 6106–6110 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lindquist, N. C.

P. Nagpal, N. C. Lindquist, S. H. Oh, and D. J. Norris, “Ultrasmooth patterned metals for plasmonics and metamaterials,” Science 325(5940), 594–597 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, X. X.

Y. Wu, C. Zhang, N. M. Estakhri, Y. Zhao, J. Kim, M. Zhang, X. X. Liu, G. K. Pribil, A. Alù, C. K. Shih, and X. Li, “Intrinsic Optical Properties and Enhanced Plasmonic Response of Epitaxial Silver,” Adv. Mater. 26(35), 6106–6110 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Logeeswaran VJ, N. P.

N. P. Logeeswaran VJ, M. S. Kobayashi, W. Islam, P. Wu, N. X. Chaturvedi, S. Y. Fang, Wang, and R. S. Williams, “Ultrasmooth silver thin films deposited with a germanium nucleation layer,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 178–182 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Maeda, Y.

S. Kadokura, M. Naoe, S. Nakagawa, and Y. Maeda, “Nano-size magnetic crystallite formation in Co-Cr thin films for perpendicular recording media,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 34(4), 1642–1644 (1998).
[Crossref]

Maier, S. A.

S. A. Maier and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonics: localization and guiding of electromagnetic energy in metal/dielectric structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(1), 011101 (2005).
[Crossref]

Mayy, M.

D. A. Bobb, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, A. V. Gavrilenko, P. Mead, V. I. Gavrilenko, and M. A. Noginov, “Engineering of low-loss metal for nanoplasmonic and metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(15), 151102 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mead, P.

D. A. Bobb, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, A. V. Gavrilenko, P. Mead, V. I. Gavrilenko, and M. A. Noginov, “Engineering of low-loss metal for nanoplasmonic and metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(15), 151102 (2009).
[Crossref]

Mitsushio, M.

M. Higo, K. Fujita, M. Mitsushio, T. Yoshidome, and T. Kakoi, “Epitaxial growth and surface morphology of aluminum films deposited on mica studied by transmission electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy,” Thin Solid Films 516(1), 17–24 (2007).
[Crossref]

Moon, J.

J. Moon and H. Kim, “Sputtering of aluminum cathodes on OLEDs using linear facing target sputtering with ladder-type magnet arrays,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 155(7), J187–J192 (2008).
[Crossref]

Mori, T.

T. Mori, T. Mori, Y. Tanaka, Y. Suzaki, and K. Yamaguchi, “Fabrication of single-crystalline plasmonic nanostructures on transparent and flexible amorphous substrates,” Sci. Rep. 7, 42859 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Mori, T. Mori, Y. Tanaka, Y. Suzaki, and K. Yamaguchi, “Fabrication of single-crystalline plasmonic nanostructures on transparent and flexible amorphous substrates,” Sci. Rep. 7, 42859 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nagpal, P.

P. Nagpal, N. C. Lindquist, S. H. Oh, and D. J. Norris, “Ultrasmooth patterned metals for plasmonics and metamaterials,” Science 325(5940), 594–597 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Naik, G. V.

P. R. West, S. Ishii, G. V. Naik, N. K. Emani, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Searching for Better Plasmonic Materials,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(6), 795–808 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nakagawa, S.

S. Kadokura, M. Naoe, S. Nakagawa, and Y. Maeda, “Nano-size magnetic crystallite formation in Co-Cr thin films for perpendicular recording media,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 34(4), 1642–1644 (1998).
[Crossref]

Naoe, M.

S. Kadokura, M. Naoe, S. Nakagawa, and Y. Maeda, “Nano-size magnetic crystallite formation in Co-Cr thin films for perpendicular recording media,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 34(4), 1642–1644 (1998).
[Crossref]

Narimanov, E. E.

V. G. Veselago and E. E. Narimanov, “The left hand of brightness: past, present and future of negative index materials,” Nat. Mater. 5(10), 759–762 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nash, D. J.

D. J. Nash and J. R. Sambles, “Surface plasmon-polariton study of the optical dielectric function of silver,” J. Mod. Opt. 43(1), 81–91 (1996).

Noginov, M. A.

D. A. Bobb, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, A. V. Gavrilenko, P. Mead, V. I. Gavrilenko, and M. A. Noginov, “Engineering of low-loss metal for nanoplasmonic and metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(15), 151102 (2009).
[Crossref]

Norris, D. J.

P. Nagpal, N. C. Lindquist, S. H. Oh, and D. J. Norris, “Ultrasmooth patterned metals for plasmonics and metamaterials,” Science 325(5940), 594–597 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Oh, S. H.

P. Nagpal, N. C. Lindquist, S. H. Oh, and D. J. Norris, “Ultrasmooth patterned metals for plasmonics and metamaterials,” Science 325(5940), 594–597 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ou, J. Y.

V. A. Fedotov, T. Uchino, and J. Y. Ou, “Low-loss plasmonic metamaterial based on epitaxial gold monocrystal film,” Opt. Express 20(9), 9545–9550 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Tanaka, E. Plum, J. Y. Ou, T. Uchino, and N. I. Zheludev, “Multifold enhancement of quantum dot luminescence in plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(22), 227403 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Papasimakis, N.

N. I. Zheludev, S. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and V. Fedotov, “Lasing spaser,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 351–354 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. A. Fedotov, M. Rose, S. L. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Sharp trapped-mode resonances in planar metamaterials with a broken structural symmetry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(14), 147401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pendry, J. B.

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(18), 3966–3969 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pillai, S.

Y. Jiang, S. Pillai, and M. A. Green, “Realistic Silver Optical Constants for Plasmonics,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 30605 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Jiang, S. Pillai, and M. A. Green, “Re-evaluation of literature values of silver optical constants,” Opt. Express 23(3), 2133–2144 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Plum, E.

K. Tanaka, E. Plum, J. Y. Ou, T. Uchino, and N. I. Zheludev, “Multifold enhancement of quantum dot luminescence in plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(22), 227403 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Polman, A.

M. Kuttge, E. J. R. Vesseur, J. Verhoeven, H. J. Lezec, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Loss mechanisms of surface plasmon polaritons on gold probed by cathodoluminescence imaging spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(11), 113110 (2008).
[Crossref]

Pribil, G. K.

Y. Wu, C. Zhang, N. M. Estakhri, Y. Zhao, J. Kim, M. Zhang, X. X. Liu, G. K. Pribil, A. Alù, C. K. Shih, and X. Li, “Intrinsic Optical Properties and Enhanced Plasmonic Response of Epitaxial Silver,” Adv. Mater. 26(35), 6106–6110 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Prosvirnin, S.

N. I. Zheludev, S. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and V. Fedotov, “Lasing spaser,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 351–354 (2008).
[Crossref]

Prosvirnin, S. L.

V. A. Fedotov, M. Rose, S. L. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Sharp trapped-mode resonances in planar metamaterials with a broken structural symmetry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(14), 147401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rabe, J. P.

S. Buchholz, H. Fuchs, and J. P. Rabe, “Surface structure of thin metallic films on mica as seen by scanning tunneling microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and low-energy electron diffraction,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 9(2), 857 (1991).
[Crossref]

Raschke, M. B.

H. U. Yang, J. D’Archangel, M. L. Sundheimer, E. Tucker, G. D. Boreman, and M. B. Raschke, “Optical dielectric function of silver,” Phys. Rev. B 91(23), 235137 (2015).
[Crossref]

Rechberger, W.

W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles,” Opt. Commun. 220(1–3), 137–141 (2003).
[Crossref]

Rose, M.

V. A. Fedotov, M. Rose, S. L. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Sharp trapped-mode resonances in planar metamaterials with a broken structural symmetry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(14), 147401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sambles, J. R.

D. J. Nash and J. R. Sambles, “Surface plasmon-polariton study of the optical dielectric function of silver,” J. Mod. Opt. 43(1), 81–91 (1996).

Shalaev, V. M.

P. R. West, S. Ishii, G. V. Naik, N. K. Emani, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Searching for Better Plasmonic Materials,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(6), 795–808 (2010).
[Crossref]

Shih, C. K.

Y. Wu, C. Zhang, N. M. Estakhri, Y. Zhao, J. Kim, M. Zhang, X. X. Liu, G. K. Pribil, A. Alù, C. K. Shih, and X. Li, “Intrinsic Optical Properties and Enhanced Plasmonic Response of Epitaxial Silver,” Adv. Mater. 26(35), 6106–6110 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stanford, J. L.

Sun, L.

C. Y. Wang, H. Y. Chen, L. Sun, W. L. Chen, Y. M. Chang, H. Ahn, X. Li, and S. Gwo, “Giant colloidal silver crystals for low-loss linear and nonlinear plasmonics,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7734 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sundheimer, M. L.

H. U. Yang, J. D’Archangel, M. L. Sundheimer, E. Tucker, G. D. Boreman, and M. B. Raschke, “Optical dielectric function of silver,” Phys. Rev. B 91(23), 235137 (2015).
[Crossref]

Suzaki, Y.

T. Mori, T. Mori, Y. Tanaka, Y. Suzaki, and K. Yamaguchi, “Fabrication of single-crystalline plasmonic nanostructures on transparent and flexible amorphous substrates,” Sci. Rep. 7, 42859 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tanaka, K.

K. Tanaka, E. Plum, J. Y. Ou, T. Uchino, and N. I. Zheludev, “Multifold enhancement of quantum dot luminescence in plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(22), 227403 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tanaka, Y.

T. Mori, T. Mori, Y. Tanaka, Y. Suzaki, and K. Yamaguchi, “Fabrication of single-crystalline plasmonic nanostructures on transparent and flexible amorphous substrates,” Sci. Rep. 7, 42859 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Thompson, M. W.

M. J. Hall and M. W. Thompson, “Epitaxy and twinning in foils of some noble metals condensed upon lithium fluoride and mica,” Br. J. Appl. Phys. 12(9), 495–498 (1961).
[Crossref]

Tucker, E.

H. U. Yang, J. D’Archangel, M. L. Sundheimer, E. Tucker, G. D. Boreman, and M. B. Raschke, “Optical dielectric function of silver,” Phys. Rev. B 91(23), 235137 (2015).
[Crossref]

Uchino, T.

V. A. Fedotov, T. Uchino, and J. Y. Ou, “Low-loss plasmonic metamaterial based on epitaxial gold monocrystal film,” Opt. Express 20(9), 9545–9550 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Tanaka, E. Plum, J. Y. Ou, T. Uchino, and N. I. Zheludev, “Multifold enhancement of quantum dot luminescence in plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(22), 227403 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Verhoeven, J.

M. Kuttge, E. J. R. Vesseur, J. Verhoeven, H. J. Lezec, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Loss mechanisms of surface plasmon polaritons on gold probed by cathodoluminescence imaging spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(11), 113110 (2008).
[Crossref]

Veselago, V. G.

V. G. Veselago and E. E. Narimanov, “The left hand of brightness: past, present and future of negative index materials,” Nat. Mater. 5(10), 759–762 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vesseur, E. J. R.

M. Kuttge, E. J. R. Vesseur, J. Verhoeven, H. J. Lezec, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Loss mechanisms of surface plasmon polaritons on gold probed by cathodoluminescence imaging spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(11), 113110 (2008).
[Crossref]

Wang,

N. P. Logeeswaran VJ, M. S. Kobayashi, W. Islam, P. Wu, N. X. Chaturvedi, S. Y. Fang, Wang, and R. S. Williams, “Ultrasmooth silver thin films deposited with a germanium nucleation layer,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 178–182 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, C. Y.

C. Y. Wang, H. Y. Chen, L. Sun, W. L. Chen, Y. M. Chang, H. Ahn, X. Li, and S. Gwo, “Giant colloidal silver crystals for low-loss linear and nonlinear plasmonics,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7734 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

West, P. R.

P. R. West, S. Ishii, G. V. Naik, N. K. Emani, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Searching for Better Plasmonic Materials,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(6), 795–808 (2010).
[Crossref]

Williams, R. S.

N. P. Logeeswaran VJ, M. S. Kobayashi, W. Islam, P. Wu, N. X. Chaturvedi, S. Y. Fang, Wang, and R. S. Williams, “Ultrasmooth silver thin films deposited with a germanium nucleation layer,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 178–182 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, P.

N. P. Logeeswaran VJ, M. S. Kobayashi, W. Islam, P. Wu, N. X. Chaturvedi, S. Y. Fang, Wang, and R. S. Williams, “Ultrasmooth silver thin films deposited with a germanium nucleation layer,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 178–182 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, Y.

Y. Wu, C. Zhang, N. M. Estakhri, Y. Zhao, J. Kim, M. Zhang, X. X. Liu, G. K. Pribil, A. Alù, C. K. Shih, and X. Li, “Intrinsic Optical Properties and Enhanced Plasmonic Response of Epitaxial Silver,” Adv. Mater. 26(35), 6106–6110 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yamaguchi, K.

T. Mori, T. Mori, Y. Tanaka, Y. Suzaki, and K. Yamaguchi, “Fabrication of single-crystalline plasmonic nanostructures on transparent and flexible amorphous substrates,” Sci. Rep. 7, 42859 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, H. U.

H. U. Yang, J. D’Archangel, M. L. Sundheimer, E. Tucker, G. D. Boreman, and M. B. Raschke, “Optical dielectric function of silver,” Phys. Rev. B 91(23), 235137 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yoshidome, T.

M. Higo, K. Fujita, M. Mitsushio, T. Yoshidome, and T. Kakoi, “Epitaxial growth and surface morphology of aluminum films deposited on mica studied by transmission electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy,” Thin Solid Films 516(1), 17–24 (2007).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

Y. Wu, C. Zhang, N. M. Estakhri, Y. Zhao, J. Kim, M. Zhang, X. X. Liu, G. K. Pribil, A. Alù, C. K. Shih, and X. Li, “Intrinsic Optical Properties and Enhanced Plasmonic Response of Epitaxial Silver,” Adv. Mater. 26(35), 6106–6110 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, M.

Y. Wu, C. Zhang, N. M. Estakhri, Y. Zhao, J. Kim, M. Zhang, X. X. Liu, G. K. Pribil, A. Alù, C. K. Shih, and X. Li, “Intrinsic Optical Properties and Enhanced Plasmonic Response of Epitaxial Silver,” Adv. Mater. 26(35), 6106–6110 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, Y.

Y. Wu, C. Zhang, N. M. Estakhri, Y. Zhao, J. Kim, M. Zhang, X. X. Liu, G. K. Pribil, A. Alù, C. K. Shih, and X. Li, “Intrinsic Optical Properties and Enhanced Plasmonic Response of Epitaxial Silver,” Adv. Mater. 26(35), 6106–6110 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zheludev, N. I.

K. Tanaka, E. Plum, J. Y. Ou, T. Uchino, and N. I. Zheludev, “Multifold enhancement of quantum dot luminescence in plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(22), 227403 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. I. Zheludev, “The road ahead for metamaterials,” Science 328(5978), 582–583 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. I. Zheludev, S. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and V. Fedotov, “Lasing spaser,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 351–354 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. A. Fedotov, M. Rose, S. L. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Sharp trapped-mode resonances in planar metamaterials with a broken structural symmetry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(14), 147401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, G.

D. A. Bobb, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, A. V. Gavrilenko, P. Mead, V. I. Gavrilenko, and M. A. Noginov, “Engineering of low-loss metal for nanoplasmonic and metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(15), 151102 (2009).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (1)

Y. Wu, C. Zhang, N. M. Estakhri, Y. Zhao, J. Kim, M. Zhang, X. X. Liu, G. K. Pribil, A. Alù, C. K. Shih, and X. Li, “Intrinsic Optical Properties and Enhanced Plasmonic Response of Epitaxial Silver,” Adv. Mater. 26(35), 6106–6110 (2014).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

M. Kuttge, E. J. R. Vesseur, J. Verhoeven, H. J. Lezec, H. A. Atwater, and A. Polman, “Loss mechanisms of surface plasmon polaritons on gold probed by cathodoluminescence imaging spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(11), 113110 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. A. Bobb, G. Zhu, M. Mayy, A. V. Gavrilenko, P. Mead, V. I. Gavrilenko, and M. A. Noginov, “Engineering of low-loss metal for nanoplasmonic and metamaterials,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 95(15), 151102 (2009).
[Crossref]

Br. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. J. Hall and M. W. Thompson, “Epitaxy and twinning in foils of some noble metals condensed upon lithium fluoride and mica,” Br. J. Appl. Phys. 12(9), 495–498 (1961).
[Crossref]

IEEE Trans. Magn. (1)

S. Kadokura, M. Naoe, S. Nakagawa, and Y. Maeda, “Nano-size magnetic crystallite formation in Co-Cr thin films for perpendicular recording media,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 34(4), 1642–1644 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. A. Maier and H. A. Atwater, “Plasmonics: localization and guiding of electromagnetic energy in metal/dielectric structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 98(1), 011101 (2005).
[Crossref]

J. Electrochem. Soc. (1)

J. Moon and H. Kim, “Sputtering of aluminum cathodes on OLEDs using linear facing target sputtering with ladder-type magnet arrays,” J. Electrochem. Soc. 155(7), J187–J192 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

D. J. Nash and J. R. Sambles, “Surface plasmon-polariton study of the optical dielectric function of silver,” J. Mod. Opt. 43(1), 81–91 (1996).

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

W. L. Barnes, “Surface plasmon–polariton length scales: a route to sub-wavelength optics,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 8(4), S87–S93 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Phys. Condens. Matter (1)

M. G. Blaber, M. D. Arnold, and M. J. Ford, “Optical properties of intermetallic compounds from first principles calculations: a search for the ideal plasmonic material,” J. Phys. Condens. Matter 21(14), 144211 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B (1)

S. Buchholz, H. Fuchs, and J. P. Rabe, “Surface structure of thin metallic films on mica as seen by scanning tunneling microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and low-energy electron diffraction,” J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 9(2), 857 (1991).
[Crossref]

Laser Photonics Rev. (1)

P. R. West, S. Ishii, G. V. Naik, N. K. Emani, V. M. Shalaev, and A. Boltasseva, “Searching for Better Plasmonic Materials,” Laser Photonics Rev. 4(6), 795–808 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (1)

N. P. Logeeswaran VJ, M. S. Kobayashi, W. Islam, P. Wu, N. X. Chaturvedi, S. Y. Fang, Wang, and R. S. Williams, “Ultrasmooth silver thin films deposited with a germanium nucleation layer,” Nano Lett. 9(1), 178–182 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Commun. (1)

C. Y. Wang, H. Y. Chen, L. Sun, W. L. Chen, Y. M. Chang, H. Ahn, X. Li, and S. Gwo, “Giant colloidal silver crystals for low-loss linear and nonlinear plasmonics,” Nat. Commun. 6(1), 7734 (2015).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (1)

V. G. Veselago and E. E. Narimanov, “The left hand of brightness: past, present and future of negative index materials,” Nat. Mater. 5(10), 759–762 (2006).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

N. I. Zheludev, S. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and V. Fedotov, “Lasing spaser,” Nat. Photonics 2(6), 351–354 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

W. Rechberger, A. Hohenau, A. Leitner, J. R. Krenn, B. Lamprecht, and F. R. Aussenegg, “Optical properties of two interacting gold nanoparticles,” Opt. Commun. 220(1–3), 137–141 (2003).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Phys. Rev. (1)

W. P. Davey, “Precision Measurements of the Lattice Constants of Twelve Common Metals,” Phys. Rev. 25(6), 753–761 (1925).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

H. U. Yang, J. D’Archangel, M. L. Sundheimer, E. Tucker, G. D. Boreman, and M. B. Raschke, “Optical dielectric function of silver,” Phys. Rev. B 91(23), 235137 (2015).
[Crossref]

P. B. Johnson and R. W. Christy, “Optical Constants of the Noble Metals,” Phys. Rev. B 6(12), 4370–4379 (1972).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

V. A. Fedotov, M. Rose, S. L. Prosvirnin, N. Papasimakis, and N. I. Zheludev, “Sharp trapped-mode resonances in planar metamaterials with a broken structural symmetry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 99(14), 147401 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. B. Pendry, “Negative refraction makes a perfect lens,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85(18), 3966–3969 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Tanaka, E. Plum, J. Y. Ou, T. Uchino, and N. I. Zheludev, “Multifold enhancement of quantum dot luminescence in plasmonic metamaterials,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 105(22), 227403 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sci. Rep. (2)

T. Mori, T. Mori, Y. Tanaka, Y. Suzaki, and K. Yamaguchi, “Fabrication of single-crystalline plasmonic nanostructures on transparent and flexible amorphous substrates,” Sci. Rep. 7, 42859 (2017).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Jiang, S. Pillai, and M. A. Green, “Realistic Silver Optical Constants for Plasmonics,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 30605 (2016).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (2)

P. Nagpal, N. C. Lindquist, S. H. Oh, and D. J. Norris, “Ultrasmooth patterned metals for plasmonics and metamaterials,” Science 325(5940), 594–597 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. I. Zheludev, “The road ahead for metamaterials,” Science 328(5978), 582–583 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Surf. Sci. (1)

A. A. Baski and H. Fuchs, “Epitaxial growth of silver on mica as studied by AFM and STM,” Surf. Sci. 313(3), 275–288 (1994).
[Crossref]

Thin Solid Films (1)

M. Higo, K. Fujita, M. Mitsushio, T. Yoshidome, and T. Kakoi, “Epitaxial growth and surface morphology of aluminum films deposited on mica studied by transmission electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy,” Thin Solid Films 516(1), 17–24 (2007).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

E. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic Press 1998).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 SEM images of (a) 110-nm-thick silver film deposited on glass at room temperature, (b) 110-nm-thick silver film deposited on mica at room temperature, (c) 70-nm-thick silver film deposited on mica at 500 °C, and (d) 110-nm-thick silver film deposited on mica at 500 °C.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 AFM images of (a) 110-nm-thick silver film deposited on mica at 500 °C. The surface roughness of the film is Rq = 0.6 nm and (b) 110-nm-thick silver films deposited on glass at room temperature. The surface roughness of the film is Rq = 2.5 nm.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 X-ray diffraction measurement results of (a)110-nm-thick silver film deposited on mica at 500 °C and (b) 110-nm-thick silver film deposited on glass at room temperature. (c) the full width at half maximum (FWHM) of the rocking curve corresponding to silver (111) reflection as a function of film thickness.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 TEM images and transmission electron diffraction patterns (inset) of silver films deposited at (a) 500 °C and (b) 350 °C.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 Spectroscopic ellipsometry measurement results of silver films deposited on (a) mica at 500 °C and (b) glass deposited at room temperature. The real (ε1) and imaginary (ε2) parts of the dielectric function were retrieved from measured Ψ and ∆.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 The quality factors of surface plasmon polaritons (SPP) estimated using the measured optical constants. SPP quality factors as a function of (a) film thickness and (b) deposition temperature.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 High-finesse plasmonic metamaterial fabricated on a 110-nm-thick single crystal silver film grown at 500 °C. (a) SEM image of the metamaterial. Yellow box shows elementary unit cell of the periodic pattern. (b) Reflection spectra of the pristine (solid line) and aged (dot-and- dash line) metamaterial.

Metrics