Abstract

We uncover that thin (of few tens of μm thickness) BBO crystal exhibits reasonable transmittance and phase matching in the 3 − 5.2 μm range. We also provide refined dispersion equations of the ordinary and extraordinary refractive indexes for the 0.188 − 5.2 μm wavelength range, which were derived using an extended set of the refractive index values from direct measurements available in the literature and from indirect refractive index evaluation based on large collection of tuning curves provided by Light Conversion Ltd., and our own measurements of the sum-frequency mixing between the fundamental wavelength of Ti:sapphire laser and wavelength-tunable mid-infrared pulses. In particular, the uncovered mid-infrared features of BBO were exploited for the characterization of the ultrashort laser pulses at 4 μm and over an ultrabroad wavelength range, demonstrating simultaneous sum-frequency generation-based frequency-resolved optical gating of the signal and idler pulses from an optical parametric amplifier, and difference frequency pulse with central wavelengths of 1.3, 2.1 and 3.5 μm, respectively, using BBO crystal of 20 μm thickness.

© 2018 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

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References

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2017 (3)

R. Budriūnas, T. Stanislauskas, J. Adamonis, A. Aleknavičius, G. Veitas, D. Gadonas, S. Balickas, A. Michailovas, and A. Varanavicius, “53 W average power CEP-stabilized OPCPA system delivering 5.5 TW few cycle pulses at 1 kHz repetition rate,” Opt. Express 25, 5797–5806 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Nakano and T. Imasaka, “Cross-correlation frequency-resolved optical gating for characterization of an ultrashort optical pulse train,” Appl. Phys. B 123, 157 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Marcinkevičiūte, N. Garejev, R. Šuminas, G. Tamošauskas, and A. Dubietis, “A compact, self-compression-based sub-3 optical cycle source in the 3 − 4 μ m spectral range,” J. Opt. 19, 105505 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (1)

Y. Nakano, Y. Kida, K. Motoyoshi, and T. Imasaka, “Cross-correlation frequency-resolved optical gating for test-pulse characterization using a self-diffraction signal of a reference pulse,” Appl. Sci.  6, 315 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

C. Marceau, S. Thomas, Y. Kassimi, G. Gingras, and B. Witzel, “Second-harmonic frequency-resolved optical gating covering two and a half optical octaves using a single spectrometer,” Appl. Phys. B 119, 339–345 (2015).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

2012 (3)

2011 (1)

2010 (1)

2009 (1)

2008 (1)

2004 (1)

2003 (1)

G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, “Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers,” Rev. Sci. Instr. 74, 1–18 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

2000 (2)

E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, “Generation of 10 to 50 fs pulses tunable through all of the visible and the NIR,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 457–465 (2000).
[Crossref]

D. Zhang, Y. Kong, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Optical parametric properties of 532-nm-pumped beta-barium-borate near the infrared absorption edge,” Opt. Commun. 184, 485–491 (2000).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

1992 (1)

A. Dubietis, G. Jonušauskas, and A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 437–440 (1992).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

D. N. Nikogosyan, “Beta barium borate (BBO). A review of its properties and applications,” Appl. Phys. A 52, 359–368 (1991).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).
[Crossref]

1987 (1)

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968–1983 (1987).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

K. Kato, “Second-harmonic generation to 2048 Å in β-BaB2O4,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1013–1014 (1986).
[Crossref]

Adachi, S.

Adamonis, J.

Aka, G.

C. Chen, T. Sasaki, R. Li, Y. Wu, Z. Lin, Y. Mori, Z. Hu, J. Wang, G. Aka, M. Yoshimura, and Y. Kaneda, Nonlinear optical borate crystals: principles and applications(Wiley-WCH, 2012).
[Crossref]

Aleknavicius, A.

Alonso, B.

Arnold, C. L.

Balickas, S.

Baltuška, A.

Bates, P. K.

Beutter, M.

E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, “Generation of 10 to 50 fs pulses tunable through all of the visible and the NIR,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 457–465 (2000).
[Crossref]

Biegert, J.

Binhammer, T.

Bosenberg, W. R.

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).
[Crossref]

Budriunas, R.

Cerullo, G.

G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, “Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers,” Rev. Sci. Instr. 74, 1–18 (2003).
[Crossref]

Chalus, O.

Chen, C.

C. Chen, T. Sasaki, R. Li, Y. Wu, Z. Lin, Y. Mori, Z. Hu, J. Wang, G. Aka, M. Yoshimura, and Y. Kaneda, Nonlinear optical borate crystals: principles and applications(Wiley-WCH, 2012).
[Crossref]

Cheng, L. K.

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).
[Crossref]

Crespo, H.

Davis, L.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968–1983 (1987).
[Crossref]

De Silvestri, S.

G. Cerullo and S. De Silvestri, “Ultrafast optical parametric amplifiers,” Rev. Sci. Instr. 74, 1–18 (2003).
[Crossref]

Demmler, S.

Dubietis, A.

A. Marcinkevičiūte, N. Garejev, R. Šuminas, G. Tamošauskas, and A. Dubietis, “A compact, self-compression-based sub-3 optical cycle source in the 3 − 4 μ m spectral range,” J. Opt. 19, 105505 (2017).
[Crossref]

A. Dubietis, G. Jonušauskas, and A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 437–440 (1992).
[Crossref]

Eimerl, D.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968–1983 (1987).
[Crossref]

Fordell, T.

Forget, N.

Fuji, T.

Gadonas, D.

Garejev, N.

A. Marcinkevičiūte, N. Garejev, R. Šuminas, G. Tamošauskas, and A. Dubietis, “A compact, self-compression-based sub-3 optical cycle source in the 3 − 4 μ m spectral range,” J. Opt. 19, 105505 (2017).
[Crossref]

Gingras, G.

C. Marceau, S. Thomas, Y. Kassimi, G. Gingras, and B. Witzel, “Second-harmonic frequency-resolved optical gating covering two and a half optical octaves using a single spectrometer,” Appl. Phys. B 119, 339–345 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gitzinger, G.

Graham, E. K.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968–1983 (1987).
[Crossref]

Hädrich, S.

Harth, A.

Herrmann, D.

Hu, Z.

C. Chen, T. Sasaki, R. Li, Y. Wu, Z. Lin, Y. Mori, Z. Hu, J. Wang, G. Aka, M. Yoshimura, and Y. Kaneda, Nonlinear optical borate crystals: principles and applications(Wiley-WCH, 2012).
[Crossref]

Imasaka, T.

Y. Nakano and T. Imasaka, “Cross-correlation frequency-resolved optical gating for characterization of an ultrashort optical pulse train,” Appl. Phys. B 123, 157 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Nakano, Y. Kida, K. Motoyoshi, and T. Imasaka, “Cross-correlation frequency-resolved optical gating for test-pulse characterization using a self-diffraction signal of a reference pulse,” Appl. Sci.  6, 315 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ishii, N.

Itatani, J.

Jonušauskas, G.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonušauskas, and A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 437–440 (1992).
[Crossref]

Kanai, T.

Kaneda, Y.

C. Chen, T. Sasaki, R. Li, Y. Wu, Z. Lin, Y. Mori, Z. Hu, J. Wang, G. Aka, M. Yoshimura, and Y. Kaneda, Nonlinear optical borate crystals: principles and applications(Wiley-WCH, 2012).
[Crossref]

Kassimi, Y.

C. Marceau, S. Thomas, Y. Kassimi, G. Gingras, and B. Witzel, “Second-harmonic frequency-resolved optical gating covering two and a half optical octaves using a single spectrometer,” Appl. Phys. B 119, 339–345 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kato, K.

K. Kato, “Second-harmonic generation to 2048 Å in β-BaB2O4,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1013–1014 (1986).
[Crossref]

Kida, Y.

Y. Nakano, Y. Kida, K. Motoyoshi, and T. Imasaka, “Cross-correlation frequency-resolved optical gating for test-pulse characterization using a self-diffraction signal of a reference pulse,” Appl. Sci.  6, 315 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kobayashi, T.

Kobayashi, Y.

Kong, Y.

D. Zhang, Y. Kong, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Optical parametric properties of 532-nm-pumped beta-barium-borate near the infrared absorption edge,” Opt. Commun. 184, 485–491 (2000).
[Crossref]

Kosuge, A.

Krausz, F.

L’Huillier, A.

Lang, T.

Li, R.

C. Chen, T. Sasaki, R. Li, Y. Wu, Z. Lin, Y. Mori, Z. Hu, J. Wang, G. Aka, M. Yoshimura, and Y. Kaneda, Nonlinear optical borate crystals: principles and applications(Wiley-WCH, 2012).
[Crossref]

Limpert, J.

Lin, Z.

C. Chen, T. Sasaki, R. Li, Y. Wu, Z. Lin, Y. Mori, Z. Hu, J. Wang, G. Aka, M. Yoshimura, and Y. Kaneda, Nonlinear optical borate crystals: principles and applications(Wiley-WCH, 2012).
[Crossref]

Lochbrunner, S.

E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, “Generation of 10 to 50 fs pulses tunable through all of the visible and the NIR,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 457–465 (2000).
[Crossref]

Loriot, V.

Marceau, C.

C. Marceau, S. Thomas, Y. Kassimi, G. Gingras, and B. Witzel, “Second-harmonic frequency-resolved optical gating covering two and a half optical octaves using a single spectrometer,” Appl. Phys. B 119, 339–345 (2015).
[Crossref]

Marcinkeviciute, A.

A. Marcinkevičiūte, N. Garejev, R. Šuminas, G. Tamošauskas, and A. Dubietis, “A compact, self-compression-based sub-3 optical cycle source in the 3 − 4 μ m spectral range,” J. Opt. 19, 105505 (2017).
[Crossref]

Michailovas, A.

Miranda, M.

Morgner, U.

Mori, Y.

C. Chen, T. Sasaki, R. Li, Y. Wu, Z. Lin, Y. Mori, Z. Hu, J. Wang, G. Aka, M. Yoshimura, and Y. Kaneda, Nonlinear optical borate crystals: principles and applications(Wiley-WCH, 2012).
[Crossref]

Motoyoshi, K.

Y. Nakano, Y. Kida, K. Motoyoshi, and T. Imasaka, “Cross-correlation frequency-resolved optical gating for test-pulse characterization using a self-diffraction signal of a reference pulse,” Appl. Sci.  6, 315 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nakano, Y.

Y. Nakano and T. Imasaka, “Cross-correlation frequency-resolved optical gating for characterization of an ultrashort optical pulse train,” Appl. Phys. B 123, 157 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Nakano, Y. Kida, K. Motoyoshi, and T. Imasaka, “Cross-correlation frequency-resolved optical gating for test-pulse characterization using a self-diffraction signal of a reference pulse,” Appl. Sci.  6, 315 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nikogosyan, D. N.

D. N. Nikogosyan, “Beta barium borate (BBO). A review of its properties and applications,” Appl. Phys. A 52, 359–368 (1991).
[Crossref]

D. N. Nikogosyan, Nonlinear optical crystals: A complete survey(SpringerNY, 2005).

Okamura, K.

Pervak, V.

Piel, J.

E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, “Generation of 10 to 50 fs pulses tunable through all of the visible and the NIR,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 457–465 (2000).
[Crossref]

T. Wilhelm, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, “Sub-20-fs pulses tunable across the visible from a blue-pumped single pass noncollinear parametric converter,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1494–1496 (1997).
[Crossref]

Piskarskas, A.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonušauskas, and A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 437–440 (1992).
[Crossref]

Rausch, S.

Riedle, E.

E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, “Generation of 10 to 50 fs pulses tunable through all of the visible and the NIR,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 457–465 (2000).
[Crossref]

T. Wilhelm, J. Piel, and E. Riedle, “Sub-20-fs pulses tunable across the visible from a blue-pumped single pass noncollinear parametric converter,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1494–1496 (1997).
[Crossref]

Rothhardt, J.

Sasaki, T.

C. Chen, T. Sasaki, R. Li, Y. Wu, Z. Lin, Y. Mori, Z. Hu, J. Wang, G. Aka, M. Yoshimura, and Y. Kaneda, Nonlinear optical borate crystals: principles and applications(Wiley-WCH, 2012).
[Crossref]

Schenkl, S.

E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, “Generation of 10 to 50 fs pulses tunable through all of the visible and the NIR,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 457–465 (2000).
[Crossref]

Schmid, K.

Schultze, M.

Silva, F.

Spörlein, S.

E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, “Generation of 10 to 50 fs pulses tunable through all of the visible and the NIR,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 457–465 (2000).
[Crossref]

Stanislauskas, T.

Steinmeyer, G.

Stibenz, G.

Šuminas, R.

A. Marcinkevičiūte, N. Garejev, R. Šuminas, G. Tamošauskas, and A. Dubietis, “A compact, self-compression-based sub-3 optical cycle source in the 3 − 4 μ m spectral range,” J. Opt. 19, 105505 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tamošauskas, G.

A. Marcinkevičiūte, N. Garejev, R. Šuminas, G. Tamošauskas, and A. Dubietis, “A compact, self-compression-based sub-3 optical cycle source in the 3 − 4 μ m spectral range,” J. Opt. 19, 105505 (2017).
[Crossref]

Tang, C. L.

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175–177 (1988).
[Crossref]

Tautz, R.

Tavella, F.

Thomas, S.

C. Marceau, S. Thomas, Y. Kassimi, G. Gingras, and B. Witzel, “Second-harmonic frequency-resolved optical gating covering two and a half optical octaves using a single spectrometer,” Appl. Phys. B 119, 339–345 (2015).
[Crossref]

Torizuka, K.

Trebino, R.

R. Trebino, Frequency-Resolved Optical Gating: The Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses(Springer, 2000).
[Crossref]

Tünnermann, A.

Varanavicius, A.

Veisz, L.

Veitas, G.

Velsko, S.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968–1983 (1987).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

C. Chen, T. Sasaki, R. Li, Y. Wu, Z. Lin, Y. Mori, Z. Hu, J. Wang, G. Aka, M. Yoshimura, and Y. Kaneda, Nonlinear optical borate crystals: principles and applications(Wiley-WCH, 2012).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, S.

Weigand, R.

Wilhelm, T.

Witzel, B.

C. Marceau, S. Thomas, Y. Kassimi, G. Gingras, and B. Witzel, “Second-harmonic frequency-resolved optical gating covering two and a half optical octaves using a single spectrometer,” Appl. Phys. B 119, 339–345 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wu, Y.

C. Chen, T. Sasaki, R. Li, Y. Wu, Z. Lin, Y. Mori, Z. Hu, J. Wang, G. Aka, M. Yoshimura, and Y. Kaneda, Nonlinear optical borate crystals: principles and applications(Wiley-WCH, 2012).
[Crossref]

Yoshimura, M.

C. Chen, T. Sasaki, R. Li, Y. Wu, Z. Lin, Y. Mori, Z. Hu, J. Wang, G. Aka, M. Yoshimura, and Y. Kaneda, Nonlinear optical borate crystals: principles and applications(Wiley-WCH, 2012).
[Crossref]

Yoshitomi, D.

Zalkin, A.

D. Eimerl, L. Davis, S. Velsko, E. K. Graham, and A. Zalkin, “Optical, mechanical, and thermal properties of barium borate,” J. Appl. Phys. 62, 1968–1983 (1987).
[Crossref]

Zhang, D.

D. Zhang, Y. Kong, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Optical parametric properties of 532-nm-pumped beta-barium-borate near the infrared absorption edge,” Opt. Commun. 184, 485–491 (2000).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.-Y.

D. Zhang, Y. Kong, and J.-Y. Zhang, “Optical parametric properties of 532-nm-pumped beta-barium-borate near the infrared absorption edge,” Opt. Commun. 184, 485–491 (2000).
[Crossref]

Zinth, W.

E. Riedle, M. Beutter, S. Lochbrunner, J. Piel, S. Schenkl, S. Spörlein, and W. Zinth, “Generation of 10 to 50 fs pulses tunable through all of the visible and the NIR,” Appl. Phys. B 71, 457–465 (2000).
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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Transmittance of 200 μm-thick BBO sample as measured with FTIR spectrometer (red solid curve) and scanning prism spectrometer using femtosecond supercontinuum as a probe (blue solid curve). The green dashed curve shows the calculated transmittance of 20 μm-thick crystal sample.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Phase matching angles for (a) type I and (b) type II sum-frequency generation in the 0.8 − 5.2 μm range. Circles represent the experimentally measured phase matching angles, crosses show the experimentally measured phase matching angles from Light Conversion Ltd. database, solid lines show the phase matching curves calculated using the dispersion equations from [4] (green), [24] (magenta) and (blue) [1]; their extrapolations toward longer wavelengths are depicted by dash. Bold red lines show the phase matching curves calculated using a refined dispersion equation expressed by Eq.(1).
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Dispersion curves of the ordinary (no) and extraordinary (ne) refractive indexes of BBO as functions of wavelength: (a) in the entire transparency range (b) in the range of 0.5 – 5.5 μm. The color coding is the same as in Fig. 2.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 Transmittance of BBO crystal placed between the crossed polarizers. The multiple gray curves correspond to arbitrary crystal orientations in θ and ϕ planes, the bold red curve represents the averaged transmittance, indicating the absence of birefringence at 4.62 μm.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 (a) Measured and (b) reconstructed XFROG traces of the difference frequency pulse with a central wavelength of 4 μm, (c) measured (blue curve) and retrieved (red curve) spectra and retrieved spectral phase, (d) retrieved intensity profile and phase of the pulse.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 (a) Experimental setup for simultaneous XFROG characterization of three pulses with different carrier wavelengths as they exit the DFG crystal. (b) Simultaneously recorded XFROG traces of the pulses with carrier wavelengths of 3.5, 2.1 and 1.3 μm (from top to bottom). (c) Retrieved temporal profiles of the pulses.

Equations (1)

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n o 2 ( λ ) = 1 + 0.90291 λ 2 λ 2 0.003926 + 0.83155 λ 2 λ 2 0.018786 + 0.76536 λ 2 λ 2 60.01 , n e 2 ( λ ) = 1 + 1.151075 λ 2 λ 2 0.007142 + 0.21803 λ 2 λ 2 0.02259 + 0.656 λ 2 λ 2 263 ,

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