Abstract

The infrared stealth coatings were prepared using water-based techniques composed of aluminum powder with different particles sizes (325 mesh, 500 mesh, 800 mesh, 1000 mesh, 1200 mesh, 1500 mesh) embedded in different matrix resins (acrylic resin, epoxy resin and polyurethane resin). The relationship between the type and the viscosity of resins and the infrared emissivity of different coatings was discussed. The effects of the particles size and content on the infrared emissivity of coatings were also studied. The results showed that the polyurethane resin (PR)-Al coatings demonstrated the lowest infrared emissivity, suggesting that they were suitable to be used as infrared stealth coatings. The infrared emissivity of coatings gradually decreased in an almost linear relationship with the increase of matrix resin viscosity. The optimum aluminum particles size was 325 mesh. The infrared emissivity of coatings decreased with the increase of the aluminum powder content.

© 2016 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. H. Y. Li, S. Z. Zhang, C. L. Sun, and D. Y. Guan, “The present situation and prospect of stealthy coatings,” J. Functional Materials. 44(B06), 36–40 (2013).
  2. S. Y. Cheng, Z. H. Liu, Z. P. Deng, and S. T. Ye, “Research progress on infrared characteristic of military target,” Infrared Technology. 36(7), 577–581 (2014).
  3. W. Fu, “Principle and application technology of IR stealth,” Hongwai Yu Jiguang Gongcheng 31(1), 88–93 (2002).
  4. Y. Ren, P. Hua, and R. Z. Gong, “Materials with low infrared emissivity based on epoxy resin,” Ordnance Material Science and Engineering. 34(2), 45–47 (2011).
  5. C. Shao, G. Xu, X. Shen, H. Yu, and X. Yan, “Infrared emissivity and corrosion-resistant property of maleic anhydride grafted ethylene-propylene-diene terpolymer (EPDM-g-MAH)/Cu coatings,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 204(24), 4075–4080 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  6. G. Wu and D. Yu, “Preparation and characterization of a new low infrared-emissivity coating based on modified aluminum,” Prog. Org. Coat. 76(1), 107–112 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  7. L. Yuan, X. Weng, and L. Deng, “Influence of binder viscosity on the control of infrared emissivity in low emissivity coating,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 56(1), 25–29 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  8. H. Yu, G. Xu, X. Shen, X. Yan, C. Shao, and C. Hu, “Effects of size, shape and floatage of Cu particles on the low infrared emissivity coatings,” Prog. Org. Coat. 66(2), 161–166 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  9. H. A. Babrekar, N. V. Kulkarni, J. P. Jog, V. L. Mathe, and S. V. Bhoraskar, “Influence of filler size and morphology in controlling the thermal emissivity of aluminum /polymer composites for space applications,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 168(1), 40–44 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  10. S. T. Ye, S. Y. Cheng, Z. H. Liu, F. Wang, and Y. F. Jia, “Application of Cold Pigments in Infrared Stealth Coatings,” Surf. Technol. 45(2), 139–143 (2016).
  11. S. T. Ye, S. Y. Cheng, Z. H. Liu, F. Wang, and Y. F. Jia, “Water-based infrared stealth coating in 8-14 μm wavebands,” Hongwai Yu Jiguang Gongcheng 45(2), 0204004 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  12. S. Y. Cheng, Z. H. Liu, S. T. Ye, S. Yan, Z. Ruan, and G. D. Ban, “Investigation for Preparation Process Optimizing of Water-based Infrared Stealth Coatings,” Surf. Technol. 44(8), 71–75 (2015).

2016 (2)

S. T. Ye, S. Y. Cheng, Z. H. Liu, F. Wang, and Y. F. Jia, “Application of Cold Pigments in Infrared Stealth Coatings,” Surf. Technol. 45(2), 139–143 (2016).

S. T. Ye, S. Y. Cheng, Z. H. Liu, F. Wang, and Y. F. Jia, “Water-based infrared stealth coating in 8-14 μm wavebands,” Hongwai Yu Jiguang Gongcheng 45(2), 0204004 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (1)

S. Y. Cheng, Z. H. Liu, S. T. Ye, S. Yan, Z. Ruan, and G. D. Ban, “Investigation for Preparation Process Optimizing of Water-based Infrared Stealth Coatings,” Surf. Technol. 44(8), 71–75 (2015).

2014 (1)

S. Y. Cheng, Z. H. Liu, Z. P. Deng, and S. T. Ye, “Research progress on infrared characteristic of military target,” Infrared Technology. 36(7), 577–581 (2014).

2013 (3)

G. Wu and D. Yu, “Preparation and characterization of a new low infrared-emissivity coating based on modified aluminum,” Prog. Org. Coat. 76(1), 107–112 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Yuan, X. Weng, and L. Deng, “Influence of binder viscosity on the control of infrared emissivity in low emissivity coating,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 56(1), 25–29 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Y. Li, S. Z. Zhang, C. L. Sun, and D. Y. Guan, “The present situation and prospect of stealthy coatings,” J. Functional Materials. 44(B06), 36–40 (2013).

2011 (1)

Y. Ren, P. Hua, and R. Z. Gong, “Materials with low infrared emissivity based on epoxy resin,” Ordnance Material Science and Engineering. 34(2), 45–47 (2011).

2010 (2)

C. Shao, G. Xu, X. Shen, H. Yu, and X. Yan, “Infrared emissivity and corrosion-resistant property of maleic anhydride grafted ethylene-propylene-diene terpolymer (EPDM-g-MAH)/Cu coatings,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 204(24), 4075–4080 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. A. Babrekar, N. V. Kulkarni, J. P. Jog, V. L. Mathe, and S. V. Bhoraskar, “Influence of filler size and morphology in controlling the thermal emissivity of aluminum /polymer composites for space applications,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 168(1), 40–44 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (1)

H. Yu, G. Xu, X. Shen, X. Yan, C. Shao, and C. Hu, “Effects of size, shape and floatage of Cu particles on the low infrared emissivity coatings,” Prog. Org. Coat. 66(2), 161–166 (2009).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

W. Fu, “Principle and application technology of IR stealth,” Hongwai Yu Jiguang Gongcheng 31(1), 88–93 (2002).

Babrekar, H. A.

H. A. Babrekar, N. V. Kulkarni, J. P. Jog, V. L. Mathe, and S. V. Bhoraskar, “Influence of filler size and morphology in controlling the thermal emissivity of aluminum /polymer composites for space applications,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 168(1), 40–44 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ban, G. D.

S. Y. Cheng, Z. H. Liu, S. T. Ye, S. Yan, Z. Ruan, and G. D. Ban, “Investigation for Preparation Process Optimizing of Water-based Infrared Stealth Coatings,” Surf. Technol. 44(8), 71–75 (2015).

Bhoraskar, S. V.

H. A. Babrekar, N. V. Kulkarni, J. P. Jog, V. L. Mathe, and S. V. Bhoraskar, “Influence of filler size and morphology in controlling the thermal emissivity of aluminum /polymer composites for space applications,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 168(1), 40–44 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cheng, S. Y.

S. T. Ye, S. Y. Cheng, Z. H. Liu, F. Wang, and Y. F. Jia, “Application of Cold Pigments in Infrared Stealth Coatings,” Surf. Technol. 45(2), 139–143 (2016).

S. T. Ye, S. Y. Cheng, Z. H. Liu, F. Wang, and Y. F. Jia, “Water-based infrared stealth coating in 8-14 μm wavebands,” Hongwai Yu Jiguang Gongcheng 45(2), 0204004 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Cheng, Z. H. Liu, S. T. Ye, S. Yan, Z. Ruan, and G. D. Ban, “Investigation for Preparation Process Optimizing of Water-based Infrared Stealth Coatings,” Surf. Technol. 44(8), 71–75 (2015).

S. Y. Cheng, Z. H. Liu, Z. P. Deng, and S. T. Ye, “Research progress on infrared characteristic of military target,” Infrared Technology. 36(7), 577–581 (2014).

Deng, L.

L. Yuan, X. Weng, and L. Deng, “Influence of binder viscosity on the control of infrared emissivity in low emissivity coating,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 56(1), 25–29 (2013).
[Crossref]

Deng, Z. P.

S. Y. Cheng, Z. H. Liu, Z. P. Deng, and S. T. Ye, “Research progress on infrared characteristic of military target,” Infrared Technology. 36(7), 577–581 (2014).

Fu, W.

W. Fu, “Principle and application technology of IR stealth,” Hongwai Yu Jiguang Gongcheng 31(1), 88–93 (2002).

Gong, R. Z.

Y. Ren, P. Hua, and R. Z. Gong, “Materials with low infrared emissivity based on epoxy resin,” Ordnance Material Science and Engineering. 34(2), 45–47 (2011).

Guan, D. Y.

H. Y. Li, S. Z. Zhang, C. L. Sun, and D. Y. Guan, “The present situation and prospect of stealthy coatings,” J. Functional Materials. 44(B06), 36–40 (2013).

Hu, C.

H. Yu, G. Xu, X. Shen, X. Yan, C. Shao, and C. Hu, “Effects of size, shape and floatage of Cu particles on the low infrared emissivity coatings,” Prog. Org. Coat. 66(2), 161–166 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hua, P.

Y. Ren, P. Hua, and R. Z. Gong, “Materials with low infrared emissivity based on epoxy resin,” Ordnance Material Science and Engineering. 34(2), 45–47 (2011).

Jia, Y. F.

S. T. Ye, S. Y. Cheng, Z. H. Liu, F. Wang, and Y. F. Jia, “Application of Cold Pigments in Infrared Stealth Coatings,” Surf. Technol. 45(2), 139–143 (2016).

S. T. Ye, S. Y. Cheng, Z. H. Liu, F. Wang, and Y. F. Jia, “Water-based infrared stealth coating in 8-14 μm wavebands,” Hongwai Yu Jiguang Gongcheng 45(2), 0204004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jog, J. P.

H. A. Babrekar, N. V. Kulkarni, J. P. Jog, V. L. Mathe, and S. V. Bhoraskar, “Influence of filler size and morphology in controlling the thermal emissivity of aluminum /polymer composites for space applications,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 168(1), 40–44 (2010).
[Crossref]

Kulkarni, N. V.

H. A. Babrekar, N. V. Kulkarni, J. P. Jog, V. L. Mathe, and S. V. Bhoraskar, “Influence of filler size and morphology in controlling the thermal emissivity of aluminum /polymer composites for space applications,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 168(1), 40–44 (2010).
[Crossref]

Li, H. Y.

H. Y. Li, S. Z. Zhang, C. L. Sun, and D. Y. Guan, “The present situation and prospect of stealthy coatings,” J. Functional Materials. 44(B06), 36–40 (2013).

Liu, Z. H.

S. T. Ye, S. Y. Cheng, Z. H. Liu, F. Wang, and Y. F. Jia, “Application of Cold Pigments in Infrared Stealth Coatings,” Surf. Technol. 45(2), 139–143 (2016).

S. T. Ye, S. Y. Cheng, Z. H. Liu, F. Wang, and Y. F. Jia, “Water-based infrared stealth coating in 8-14 μm wavebands,” Hongwai Yu Jiguang Gongcheng 45(2), 0204004 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Cheng, Z. H. Liu, S. T. Ye, S. Yan, Z. Ruan, and G. D. Ban, “Investigation for Preparation Process Optimizing of Water-based Infrared Stealth Coatings,” Surf. Technol. 44(8), 71–75 (2015).

S. Y. Cheng, Z. H. Liu, Z. P. Deng, and S. T. Ye, “Research progress on infrared characteristic of military target,” Infrared Technology. 36(7), 577–581 (2014).

Mathe, V. L.

H. A. Babrekar, N. V. Kulkarni, J. P. Jog, V. L. Mathe, and S. V. Bhoraskar, “Influence of filler size and morphology in controlling the thermal emissivity of aluminum /polymer composites for space applications,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 168(1), 40–44 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ren, Y.

Y. Ren, P. Hua, and R. Z. Gong, “Materials with low infrared emissivity based on epoxy resin,” Ordnance Material Science and Engineering. 34(2), 45–47 (2011).

Ruan, Z.

S. Y. Cheng, Z. H. Liu, S. T. Ye, S. Yan, Z. Ruan, and G. D. Ban, “Investigation for Preparation Process Optimizing of Water-based Infrared Stealth Coatings,” Surf. Technol. 44(8), 71–75 (2015).

Shao, C.

C. Shao, G. Xu, X. Shen, H. Yu, and X. Yan, “Infrared emissivity and corrosion-resistant property of maleic anhydride grafted ethylene-propylene-diene terpolymer (EPDM-g-MAH)/Cu coatings,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 204(24), 4075–4080 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Yu, G. Xu, X. Shen, X. Yan, C. Shao, and C. Hu, “Effects of size, shape and floatage of Cu particles on the low infrared emissivity coatings,” Prog. Org. Coat. 66(2), 161–166 (2009).
[Crossref]

Shen, X.

C. Shao, G. Xu, X. Shen, H. Yu, and X. Yan, “Infrared emissivity and corrosion-resistant property of maleic anhydride grafted ethylene-propylene-diene terpolymer (EPDM-g-MAH)/Cu coatings,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 204(24), 4075–4080 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Yu, G. Xu, X. Shen, X. Yan, C. Shao, and C. Hu, “Effects of size, shape and floatage of Cu particles on the low infrared emissivity coatings,” Prog. Org. Coat. 66(2), 161–166 (2009).
[Crossref]

Sun, C. L.

H. Y. Li, S. Z. Zhang, C. L. Sun, and D. Y. Guan, “The present situation and prospect of stealthy coatings,” J. Functional Materials. 44(B06), 36–40 (2013).

Wang, F.

S. T. Ye, S. Y. Cheng, Z. H. Liu, F. Wang, and Y. F. Jia, “Water-based infrared stealth coating in 8-14 μm wavebands,” Hongwai Yu Jiguang Gongcheng 45(2), 0204004 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. T. Ye, S. Y. Cheng, Z. H. Liu, F. Wang, and Y. F. Jia, “Application of Cold Pigments in Infrared Stealth Coatings,” Surf. Technol. 45(2), 139–143 (2016).

Weng, X.

L. Yuan, X. Weng, and L. Deng, “Influence of binder viscosity on the control of infrared emissivity in low emissivity coating,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 56(1), 25–29 (2013).
[Crossref]

Wu, G.

G. Wu and D. Yu, “Preparation and characterization of a new low infrared-emissivity coating based on modified aluminum,” Prog. Org. Coat. 76(1), 107–112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Xu, G.

C. Shao, G. Xu, X. Shen, H. Yu, and X. Yan, “Infrared emissivity and corrosion-resistant property of maleic anhydride grafted ethylene-propylene-diene terpolymer (EPDM-g-MAH)/Cu coatings,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 204(24), 4075–4080 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Yu, G. Xu, X. Shen, X. Yan, C. Shao, and C. Hu, “Effects of size, shape and floatage of Cu particles on the low infrared emissivity coatings,” Prog. Org. Coat. 66(2), 161–166 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yan, S.

S. Y. Cheng, Z. H. Liu, S. T. Ye, S. Yan, Z. Ruan, and G. D. Ban, “Investigation for Preparation Process Optimizing of Water-based Infrared Stealth Coatings,” Surf. Technol. 44(8), 71–75 (2015).

Yan, X.

C. Shao, G. Xu, X. Shen, H. Yu, and X. Yan, “Infrared emissivity and corrosion-resistant property of maleic anhydride grafted ethylene-propylene-diene terpolymer (EPDM-g-MAH)/Cu coatings,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 204(24), 4075–4080 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Yu, G. Xu, X. Shen, X. Yan, C. Shao, and C. Hu, “Effects of size, shape and floatage of Cu particles on the low infrared emissivity coatings,” Prog. Org. Coat. 66(2), 161–166 (2009).
[Crossref]

Ye, S. T.

S. T. Ye, S. Y. Cheng, Z. H. Liu, F. Wang, and Y. F. Jia, “Application of Cold Pigments in Infrared Stealth Coatings,” Surf. Technol. 45(2), 139–143 (2016).

S. T. Ye, S. Y. Cheng, Z. H. Liu, F. Wang, and Y. F. Jia, “Water-based infrared stealth coating in 8-14 μm wavebands,” Hongwai Yu Jiguang Gongcheng 45(2), 0204004 (2016).
[Crossref]

S. Y. Cheng, Z. H. Liu, S. T. Ye, S. Yan, Z. Ruan, and G. D. Ban, “Investigation for Preparation Process Optimizing of Water-based Infrared Stealth Coatings,” Surf. Technol. 44(8), 71–75 (2015).

S. Y. Cheng, Z. H. Liu, Z. P. Deng, and S. T. Ye, “Research progress on infrared characteristic of military target,” Infrared Technology. 36(7), 577–581 (2014).

Yu, D.

G. Wu and D. Yu, “Preparation and characterization of a new low infrared-emissivity coating based on modified aluminum,” Prog. Org. Coat. 76(1), 107–112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Yu, H.

C. Shao, G. Xu, X. Shen, H. Yu, and X. Yan, “Infrared emissivity and corrosion-resistant property of maleic anhydride grafted ethylene-propylene-diene terpolymer (EPDM-g-MAH)/Cu coatings,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 204(24), 4075–4080 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. Yu, G. Xu, X. Shen, X. Yan, C. Shao, and C. Hu, “Effects of size, shape and floatage of Cu particles on the low infrared emissivity coatings,” Prog. Org. Coat. 66(2), 161–166 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yuan, L.

L. Yuan, X. Weng, and L. Deng, “Influence of binder viscosity on the control of infrared emissivity in low emissivity coating,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 56(1), 25–29 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S. Z.

H. Y. Li, S. Z. Zhang, C. L. Sun, and D. Y. Guan, “The present situation and prospect of stealthy coatings,” J. Functional Materials. 44(B06), 36–40 (2013).

Hongwai Yu Jiguang Gongcheng (2)

W. Fu, “Principle and application technology of IR stealth,” Hongwai Yu Jiguang Gongcheng 31(1), 88–93 (2002).

S. T. Ye, S. Y. Cheng, Z. H. Liu, F. Wang, and Y. F. Jia, “Water-based infrared stealth coating in 8-14 μm wavebands,” Hongwai Yu Jiguang Gongcheng 45(2), 0204004 (2016).
[Crossref]

Infrared Phys. Technol. (1)

L. Yuan, X. Weng, and L. Deng, “Influence of binder viscosity on the control of infrared emissivity in low emissivity coating,” Infrared Phys. Technol. 56(1), 25–29 (2013).
[Crossref]

Infrared Technology. (1)

S. Y. Cheng, Z. H. Liu, Z. P. Deng, and S. T. Ye, “Research progress on infrared characteristic of military target,” Infrared Technology. 36(7), 577–581 (2014).

J. Functional Materials. (1)

H. Y. Li, S. Z. Zhang, C. L. Sun, and D. Y. Guan, “The present situation and prospect of stealthy coatings,” J. Functional Materials. 44(B06), 36–40 (2013).

Mater. Sci. Eng. B (1)

H. A. Babrekar, N. V. Kulkarni, J. P. Jog, V. L. Mathe, and S. V. Bhoraskar, “Influence of filler size and morphology in controlling the thermal emissivity of aluminum /polymer composites for space applications,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B 168(1), 40–44 (2010).
[Crossref]

Ordnance Material Science and Engineering. (1)

Y. Ren, P. Hua, and R. Z. Gong, “Materials with low infrared emissivity based on epoxy resin,” Ordnance Material Science and Engineering. 34(2), 45–47 (2011).

Prog. Org. Coat. (2)

H. Yu, G. Xu, X. Shen, X. Yan, C. Shao, and C. Hu, “Effects of size, shape and floatage of Cu particles on the low infrared emissivity coatings,” Prog. Org. Coat. 66(2), 161–166 (2009).
[Crossref]

G. Wu and D. Yu, “Preparation and characterization of a new low infrared-emissivity coating based on modified aluminum,” Prog. Org. Coat. 76(1), 107–112 (2013).
[Crossref]

Surf. Coat. Tech. (1)

C. Shao, G. Xu, X. Shen, H. Yu, and X. Yan, “Infrared emissivity and corrosion-resistant property of maleic anhydride grafted ethylene-propylene-diene terpolymer (EPDM-g-MAH)/Cu coatings,” Surf. Coat. Tech. 204(24), 4075–4080 (2010).
[Crossref]

Surf. Technol. (2)

S. T. Ye, S. Y. Cheng, Z. H. Liu, F. Wang, and Y. F. Jia, “Application of Cold Pigments in Infrared Stealth Coatings,” Surf. Technol. 45(2), 139–143 (2016).

S. Y. Cheng, Z. H. Liu, S. T. Ye, S. Yan, Z. Ruan, and G. D. Ban, “Investigation for Preparation Process Optimizing of Water-based Infrared Stealth Coatings,” Surf. Technol. 44(8), 71–75 (2015).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 The absorption spectra (a) PR, (b) ER and (c) AR.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 The infrared emissivity of different coatings created with different resins as a function of the Al content.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 SEM images of coatings created by different resins composed of 15 wt.% aluminum powder. (a) AR-Al, (b)ER-Al, (c) PR-Al.
Fig. 4
Fig. 4 The viscosity evolution with increasing content of thickening agent.
Fig. 5
Fig. 5 The infrared emissivity of coatings with different viscosities.
Fig. 6
Fig. 6 SEM images of aluminum powder with different particles sizes dispersed in PR. (a) 325 mesh, (b) 500 mesh, (c) 800 mesh, (d)1000 mesh, (e) 1200 mesh, (f) 1500 mesh.
Fig. 7
Fig. 7 The infrared emissivity curves of the coatings with different aluminum particle sizes.
Fig. 8
Fig. 8 The infrared emissivity curve of the coatings with different contents of aluminum powder.
Fig. 9
Fig. 9 SEM images of coatings with different contents of aluminum powder. (a) 15 wt.%,(b) 30 wt.%.

Equations (1)

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U 0 = 2 R c 2 g( ρ c ρ s ) 9 η s

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