Abstract

Large Faraday rotations, when achieved simultaneously with low optical losses, lead to obtaining high magneto-optic (MO) figures of merit in bismuth-substituted garnet-type material systems. Demonstrating high MO figures of merit typically requires the synthesis of garnet materials with high bismuth substitution levels (close to 3 Bi atoms per stoichiometric formula unit). In our previous experiments, garnet layers sputtered from a target of nominal stoichiometry Bi3Fe5O12 in pure argon atmosphere showed negligible amounts of specific Faraday rotation after annealing, in contrast with results reported typically for pulsed laser deposition of this material in plasma chemistries containing oxygen. We co-sputter Bi3Fe5O12 together with Dy2O3 in pure argon plasma, and obtain the garnet-type composite thin films on glass substrates possessing a specific Faraday rotation in garnet-Dy2O3 composite films in excess of 14°/µm at 532 nm and a coercive force as low as 100 Oe.

© 2014 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. F. Buhrer, “Faraday rotation and dichroism of bismuth calcium vanadium iron garnet,” J. Appl. Phys.40(11), 4500 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. K. Zvezdin and V. A. Kotov, in Modern Magnetooptics and Magnetooptical Materials (Institute of Physics Publishing, 1997).
  3. G. B. Scott and D. E. Lacklison, “Magnetooptic properties and applications of Bismuth substituted iron garnets,” IEEE Trans. Magn.12(4), 292–311 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Vasiliev, M. N.-E. Alam, V. A. Kotov, K. Alameh, V. I. Belotelov, V. I. Burkov, and A. K. Zvezdin, “RF magnetron sputtered (BiDy)3(FeGa)5O12:Bi2O3 composite materials possessing record magneto-optic quality in the visible spectral region,” Opt. Express17(22), 19519–19535 (2009).
  5. T. Okuda, T. Katayama, H. Kobayashi, N. Kobayashi, K. Satoh, and H. Yamamoto, “Magnetic properties of Bi3Fe5O12 garnet,” J. Appl. Phys.67(9), 4944–4946 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  6. V. I. Belotelov, L. E. Kreilkamp, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, D. A. Bykov, S. Kasture, V. J. Yallapragada, A. Venu Gopal, A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, M. N.-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, L. L. Doskolovich, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Plasmon-mediated magneto-optical transparency,” Nat Commun4, 2128 (2013).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. M. Pohl, L. E. Kreilkamp, V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, N. E. Khokhlov, V. J. Yallapragada, A. V. Gopal, M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Tuning of the transverse magneto-optical Kerr effect in magneto-plasmonic crystals,” New J. Phys.15(7), 075024 (2013).
  8. M. Vasiliev, V. A. Kotov, K. Alameh, V. I. Belotelov, and A. K. Zvezdin, “Novel magnetic photonic crystal structures for magnetic field sensors and visualizers,” IEEE Trans. Magn.44(3), 323–328 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, K. Alameh, and C. Valli, “Magneto-optical visualisation for high-resolution forensic data recovery using advanced thin film nano-materials,” in Proc. International Cyber Resilience Conference, Perth, Australia (2010).
  10. M. Vasiliev, K. E. Alameh, V. I. Belotelov, V. Kotov, and A. K. Zvezdin, “Magnetic photonic crystals: 1-D Optimization and Applications for the Integrated Optics Devices,” IEEE/OSA. J. Lightwave Technol.24(5), 2156–2162 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, and K. Alameh, “Nano-structured magnetic photonic crystals for magneto-optic polarization controllers at the communication-band wavelengths,” Opt. Quantum Electron.41(9), 661–669 (2009).
  12. N. Adachi, V. P. Denysenkov, S. I. Khartsev, A. M. Grishin, and T. Okuda, “Epitaxial Bi3Fe5O12 (001) films grown by pulsed laser deposition and reactive ion beam sputtering techniques,” J. Appl. Phys.88(1), 2734–2739 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, and K. Alameh, “New Class of Garnet Nanocomposites for Use in Magnetic Photonic Crystals Prepared by RF Magnetron Co-sputtering,” In Proc. Int. Conf. on High-Capacity Optical Networks and Enabling Technologies (HONET 2012), Istanbul, Turkey (2012).
  14. M. Deb, E. Popova, A. Fouchet, and N. Keller, “Magneto-optical Faraday spectroscopy of completely bismuth-substituted Bi3Fe5O12 garnet thin films,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.45(45), 455001 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. Kang, S. Yin, V. Adyam, Q. Li, and Y. Zhu, “Bi3Fe4Ga1O12 garnet properties and its application to ultrafast switching in the visible spectrum,” IEEE Trans. Magn.43(9), 3656–3660 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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  18. M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, K. Alameh, and V. A. Kotov, “Garnet multilayer thin film structure with magnetostatically-altered and improved magnetic properties prepared by RF magnetron sputtering,” In Proc. Int. Conf. on High-capacity Optical Networks and Enabling Technologies Conference (HONET 2011), pp- 177–181, Riadh, Saudi Arabia (2011).

2013 (2)

V. I. Belotelov, L. E. Kreilkamp, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, D. A. Bykov, S. Kasture, V. J. Yallapragada, A. Venu Gopal, A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, M. N.-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, L. L. Doskolovich, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Plasmon-mediated magneto-optical transparency,” Nat Commun4, 2128 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pohl, L. E. Kreilkamp, V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, N. E. Khokhlov, V. J. Yallapragada, A. V. Gopal, M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Tuning of the transverse magneto-optical Kerr effect in magneto-plasmonic crystals,” New J. Phys.15(7), 075024 (2013).

2012 (1)

M. Deb, E. Popova, A. Fouchet, and N. Keller, “Magneto-optical Faraday spectroscopy of completely bismuth-substituted Bi3Fe5O12 garnet thin films,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.45(45), 455001 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (1)

M. Vasiliev, M. N-E. Alam, P. Perumal, V. A. Kotov, K. Alameh, Y. T. Lee, and Y. P. Lee, “Annealing behavior and crystal structure of RF-sputtered Bi-substituted dysprosium iron garnet films having excess co-sputtered Bi-oxide content,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.44, 075002 (2011).

2009 (2)

M. Vasiliev, M. N.-E. Alam, V. A. Kotov, K. Alameh, V. I. Belotelov, V. I. Burkov, and A. K. Zvezdin, “RF magnetron sputtered (BiDy)3(FeGa)5O12:Bi2O3 composite materials possessing record magneto-optic quality in the visible spectral region,” Opt. Express17(22), 19519–19535 (2009).

M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, and K. Alameh, “Nano-structured magnetic photonic crystals for magneto-optic polarization controllers at the communication-band wavelengths,” Opt. Quantum Electron.41(9), 661–669 (2009).

2008 (1)

M. Vasiliev, V. A. Kotov, K. Alameh, V. I. Belotelov, and A. K. Zvezdin, “Novel magnetic photonic crystal structures for magnetic field sensors and visualizers,” IEEE Trans. Magn.44(3), 323–328 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (1)

S. Kang, S. Yin, V. Adyam, Q. Li, and Y. Zhu, “Bi3Fe4Ga1O12 garnet properties and its application to ultrafast switching in the visible spectrum,” IEEE Trans. Magn.43(9), 3656–3660 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

M. Vasiliev, K. E. Alameh, V. I. Belotelov, V. Kotov, and A. K. Zvezdin, “Magnetic photonic crystals: 1-D Optimization and Applications for the Integrated Optics Devices,” IEEE/OSA. J. Lightwave Technol.24(5), 2156–2162 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

N. Adachi, V. P. Denysenkov, S. I. Khartsev, A. M. Grishin, and T. Okuda, “Epitaxial Bi3Fe5O12 (001) films grown by pulsed laser deposition and reactive ion beam sputtering techniques,” J. Appl. Phys.88(1), 2734–2739 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

T. Okuda, T. Katayama, H. Kobayashi, N. Kobayashi, K. Satoh, and H. Yamamoto, “Magnetic properties of Bi3Fe5O12 garnet,” J. Appl. Phys.67(9), 4944–4946 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

G. B. Scott and D. E. Lacklison, “Magnetooptic properties and applications of Bismuth substituted iron garnets,” IEEE Trans. Magn.12(4), 292–311 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

C. F. Buhrer, “Faraday rotation and dichroism of bismuth calcium vanadium iron garnet,” J. Appl. Phys.40(11), 4500 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Adachi, N.

N. Adachi, V. P. Denysenkov, S. I. Khartsev, A. M. Grishin, and T. Okuda, “Epitaxial Bi3Fe5O12 (001) films grown by pulsed laser deposition and reactive ion beam sputtering techniques,” J. Appl. Phys.88(1), 2734–2739 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Adyam, V.

S. Kang, S. Yin, V. Adyam, Q. Li, and Y. Zhu, “Bi3Fe4Ga1O12 garnet properties and its application to ultrafast switching in the visible spectrum,” IEEE Trans. Magn.43(9), 3656–3660 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Akimov, I. A.

M. Pohl, L. E. Kreilkamp, V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, N. E. Khokhlov, V. J. Yallapragada, A. V. Gopal, M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Tuning of the transverse magneto-optical Kerr effect in magneto-plasmonic crystals,” New J. Phys.15(7), 075024 (2013).

V. I. Belotelov, L. E. Kreilkamp, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, D. A. Bykov, S. Kasture, V. J. Yallapragada, A. Venu Gopal, A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, M. N.-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, L. L. Doskolovich, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Plasmon-mediated magneto-optical transparency,” Nat Commun4, 2128 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alam, M. N.-E.

V. I. Belotelov, L. E. Kreilkamp, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, D. A. Bykov, S. Kasture, V. J. Yallapragada, A. Venu Gopal, A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, M. N.-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, L. L. Doskolovich, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Plasmon-mediated magneto-optical transparency,” Nat Commun4, 2128 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Vasiliev, M. N.-E. Alam, V. A. Kotov, K. Alameh, V. I. Belotelov, V. I. Burkov, and A. K. Zvezdin, “RF magnetron sputtered (BiDy)3(FeGa)5O12:Bi2O3 composite materials possessing record magneto-optic quality in the visible spectral region,” Opt. Express17(22), 19519–19535 (2009).

Alam, M. N-E.

M. Pohl, L. E. Kreilkamp, V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, N. E. Khokhlov, V. J. Yallapragada, A. V. Gopal, M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Tuning of the transverse magneto-optical Kerr effect in magneto-plasmonic crystals,” New J. Phys.15(7), 075024 (2013).

M. Vasiliev, M. N-E. Alam, P. Perumal, V. A. Kotov, K. Alameh, Y. T. Lee, and Y. P. Lee, “Annealing behavior and crystal structure of RF-sputtered Bi-substituted dysprosium iron garnet films having excess co-sputtered Bi-oxide content,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.44, 075002 (2011).

M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, and K. Alameh, “Nano-structured magnetic photonic crystals for magneto-optic polarization controllers at the communication-band wavelengths,” Opt. Quantum Electron.41(9), 661–669 (2009).

M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, and K. Alameh, “New Class of Garnet Nanocomposites for Use in Magnetic Photonic Crystals Prepared by RF Magnetron Co-sputtering,” In Proc. Int. Conf. on High-Capacity Optical Networks and Enabling Technologies (HONET 2012), Istanbul, Turkey (2012).

M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, K. Alameh, and C. Valli, “Magneto-optical visualisation for high-resolution forensic data recovery using advanced thin film nano-materials,” in Proc. International Cyber Resilience Conference, Perth, Australia (2010).

Alameh, K.

V. I. Belotelov, L. E. Kreilkamp, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, D. A. Bykov, S. Kasture, V. J. Yallapragada, A. Venu Gopal, A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, M. N.-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, L. L. Doskolovich, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Plasmon-mediated magneto-optical transparency,” Nat Commun4, 2128 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pohl, L. E. Kreilkamp, V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, N. E. Khokhlov, V. J. Yallapragada, A. V. Gopal, M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Tuning of the transverse magneto-optical Kerr effect in magneto-plasmonic crystals,” New J. Phys.15(7), 075024 (2013).

M. Vasiliev, M. N-E. Alam, P. Perumal, V. A. Kotov, K. Alameh, Y. T. Lee, and Y. P. Lee, “Annealing behavior and crystal structure of RF-sputtered Bi-substituted dysprosium iron garnet films having excess co-sputtered Bi-oxide content,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.44, 075002 (2011).

M. Vasiliev, M. N.-E. Alam, V. A. Kotov, K. Alameh, V. I. Belotelov, V. I. Burkov, and A. K. Zvezdin, “RF magnetron sputtered (BiDy)3(FeGa)5O12:Bi2O3 composite materials possessing record magneto-optic quality in the visible spectral region,” Opt. Express17(22), 19519–19535 (2009).

M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, and K. Alameh, “Nano-structured magnetic photonic crystals for magneto-optic polarization controllers at the communication-band wavelengths,” Opt. Quantum Electron.41(9), 661–669 (2009).

M. Vasiliev, V. A. Kotov, K. Alameh, V. I. Belotelov, and A. K. Zvezdin, “Novel magnetic photonic crystal structures for magnetic field sensors and visualizers,” IEEE Trans. Magn.44(3), 323–328 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, and K. Alameh, “New Class of Garnet Nanocomposites for Use in Magnetic Photonic Crystals Prepared by RF Magnetron Co-sputtering,” In Proc. Int. Conf. on High-Capacity Optical Networks and Enabling Technologies (HONET 2012), Istanbul, Turkey (2012).

M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, K. Alameh, and C. Valli, “Magneto-optical visualisation for high-resolution forensic data recovery using advanced thin film nano-materials,” in Proc. International Cyber Resilience Conference, Perth, Australia (2010).

Alameh, K. E.

M. Vasiliev, K. E. Alameh, V. I. Belotelov, V. Kotov, and A. K. Zvezdin, “Magnetic photonic crystals: 1-D Optimization and Applications for the Integrated Optics Devices,” IEEE/OSA. J. Lightwave Technol.24(5), 2156–2162 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bayer, M.

V. I. Belotelov, L. E. Kreilkamp, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, D. A. Bykov, S. Kasture, V. J. Yallapragada, A. Venu Gopal, A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, M. N.-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, L. L. Doskolovich, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Plasmon-mediated magneto-optical transparency,” Nat Commun4, 2128 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pohl, L. E. Kreilkamp, V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, N. E. Khokhlov, V. J. Yallapragada, A. V. Gopal, M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Tuning of the transverse magneto-optical Kerr effect in magneto-plasmonic crystals,” New J. Phys.15(7), 075024 (2013).

Belotelov, V. I.

M. Pohl, L. E. Kreilkamp, V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, N. E. Khokhlov, V. J. Yallapragada, A. V. Gopal, M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Tuning of the transverse magneto-optical Kerr effect in magneto-plasmonic crystals,” New J. Phys.15(7), 075024 (2013).

V. I. Belotelov, L. E. Kreilkamp, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, D. A. Bykov, S. Kasture, V. J. Yallapragada, A. Venu Gopal, A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, M. N.-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, L. L. Doskolovich, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Plasmon-mediated magneto-optical transparency,” Nat Commun4, 2128 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Vasiliev, M. N.-E. Alam, V. A. Kotov, K. Alameh, V. I. Belotelov, V. I. Burkov, and A. K. Zvezdin, “RF magnetron sputtered (BiDy)3(FeGa)5O12:Bi2O3 composite materials possessing record magneto-optic quality in the visible spectral region,” Opt. Express17(22), 19519–19535 (2009).

M. Vasiliev, V. A. Kotov, K. Alameh, V. I. Belotelov, and A. K. Zvezdin, “Novel magnetic photonic crystal structures for magnetic field sensors and visualizers,” IEEE Trans. Magn.44(3), 323–328 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Vasiliev, K. E. Alameh, V. I. Belotelov, V. Kotov, and A. K. Zvezdin, “Magnetic photonic crystals: 1-D Optimization and Applications for the Integrated Optics Devices,” IEEE/OSA. J. Lightwave Technol.24(5), 2156–2162 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Buhrer, C. F.

C. F. Buhrer, “Faraday rotation and dichroism of bismuth calcium vanadium iron garnet,” J. Appl. Phys.40(11), 4500 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Burkov, V. I.

Bykov, D. A.

V. I. Belotelov, L. E. Kreilkamp, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, D. A. Bykov, S. Kasture, V. J. Yallapragada, A. Venu Gopal, A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, M. N.-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, L. L. Doskolovich, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Plasmon-mediated magneto-optical transparency,” Nat Commun4, 2128 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deb, M.

M. Deb, E. Popova, A. Fouchet, and N. Keller, “Magneto-optical Faraday spectroscopy of completely bismuth-substituted Bi3Fe5O12 garnet thin films,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.45(45), 455001 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Denysenkov, V. P.

N. Adachi, V. P. Denysenkov, S. I. Khartsev, A. M. Grishin, and T. Okuda, “Epitaxial Bi3Fe5O12 (001) films grown by pulsed laser deposition and reactive ion beam sputtering techniques,” J. Appl. Phys.88(1), 2734–2739 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Doskolovich, L. L.

V. I. Belotelov, L. E. Kreilkamp, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, D. A. Bykov, S. Kasture, V. J. Yallapragada, A. Venu Gopal, A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, M. N.-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, L. L. Doskolovich, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Plasmon-mediated magneto-optical transparency,” Nat Commun4, 2128 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fouchet, A.

M. Deb, E. Popova, A. Fouchet, and N. Keller, “Magneto-optical Faraday spectroscopy of completely bismuth-substituted Bi3Fe5O12 garnet thin films,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.45(45), 455001 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gopal, A. V.

M. Pohl, L. E. Kreilkamp, V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, N. E. Khokhlov, V. J. Yallapragada, A. V. Gopal, M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Tuning of the transverse magneto-optical Kerr effect in magneto-plasmonic crystals,” New J. Phys.15(7), 075024 (2013).

Grishin, A. M.

V. I. Belotelov, L. E. Kreilkamp, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, D. A. Bykov, S. Kasture, V. J. Yallapragada, A. Venu Gopal, A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, M. N.-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, L. L. Doskolovich, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Plasmon-mediated magneto-optical transparency,” Nat Commun4, 2128 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Adachi, V. P. Denysenkov, S. I. Khartsev, A. M. Grishin, and T. Okuda, “Epitaxial Bi3Fe5O12 (001) films grown by pulsed laser deposition and reactive ion beam sputtering techniques,” J. Appl. Phys.88(1), 2734–2739 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kalish, A. N.

M. Pohl, L. E. Kreilkamp, V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, N. E. Khokhlov, V. J. Yallapragada, A. V. Gopal, M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Tuning of the transverse magneto-optical Kerr effect in magneto-plasmonic crystals,” New J. Phys.15(7), 075024 (2013).

V. I. Belotelov, L. E. Kreilkamp, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, D. A. Bykov, S. Kasture, V. J. Yallapragada, A. Venu Gopal, A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, M. N.-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, L. L. Doskolovich, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Plasmon-mediated magneto-optical transparency,” Nat Commun4, 2128 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kang, S.

S. Kang, S. Yin, V. Adyam, Q. Li, and Y. Zhu, “Bi3Fe4Ga1O12 garnet properties and its application to ultrafast switching in the visible spectrum,” IEEE Trans. Magn.43(9), 3656–3660 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kasture, S.

V. I. Belotelov, L. E. Kreilkamp, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, D. A. Bykov, S. Kasture, V. J. Yallapragada, A. Venu Gopal, A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, M. N.-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, L. L. Doskolovich, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Plasmon-mediated magneto-optical transparency,” Nat Commun4, 2128 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Katayama, T.

T. Okuda, T. Katayama, H. Kobayashi, N. Kobayashi, K. Satoh, and H. Yamamoto, “Magnetic properties of Bi3Fe5O12 garnet,” J. Appl. Phys.67(9), 4944–4946 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Keller, N.

M. Deb, E. Popova, A. Fouchet, and N. Keller, “Magneto-optical Faraday spectroscopy of completely bismuth-substituted Bi3Fe5O12 garnet thin films,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.45(45), 455001 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Khartsev, S. I.

V. I. Belotelov, L. E. Kreilkamp, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, D. A. Bykov, S. Kasture, V. J. Yallapragada, A. Venu Gopal, A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, M. N.-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, L. L. Doskolovich, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Plasmon-mediated magneto-optical transparency,” Nat Commun4, 2128 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Adachi, V. P. Denysenkov, S. I. Khartsev, A. M. Grishin, and T. Okuda, “Epitaxial Bi3Fe5O12 (001) films grown by pulsed laser deposition and reactive ion beam sputtering techniques,” J. Appl. Phys.88(1), 2734–2739 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Khokhlov, N. E.

M. Pohl, L. E. Kreilkamp, V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, N. E. Khokhlov, V. J. Yallapragada, A. V. Gopal, M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Tuning of the transverse magneto-optical Kerr effect in magneto-plasmonic crystals,” New J. Phys.15(7), 075024 (2013).

Kobayashi, H.

T. Okuda, T. Katayama, H. Kobayashi, N. Kobayashi, K. Satoh, and H. Yamamoto, “Magnetic properties of Bi3Fe5O12 garnet,” J. Appl. Phys.67(9), 4944–4946 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, N.

T. Okuda, T. Katayama, H. Kobayashi, N. Kobayashi, K. Satoh, and H. Yamamoto, “Magnetic properties of Bi3Fe5O12 garnet,” J. Appl. Phys.67(9), 4944–4946 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kotov, V.

M. Vasiliev, K. E. Alameh, V. I. Belotelov, V. Kotov, and A. K. Zvezdin, “Magnetic photonic crystals: 1-D Optimization and Applications for the Integrated Optics Devices,” IEEE/OSA. J. Lightwave Technol.24(5), 2156–2162 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kotov, V. A.

M. Vasiliev, M. N-E. Alam, P. Perumal, V. A. Kotov, K. Alameh, Y. T. Lee, and Y. P. Lee, “Annealing behavior and crystal structure of RF-sputtered Bi-substituted dysprosium iron garnet films having excess co-sputtered Bi-oxide content,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.44, 075002 (2011).

M. Vasiliev, M. N.-E. Alam, V. A. Kotov, K. Alameh, V. I. Belotelov, V. I. Burkov, and A. K. Zvezdin, “RF magnetron sputtered (BiDy)3(FeGa)5O12:Bi2O3 composite materials possessing record magneto-optic quality in the visible spectral region,” Opt. Express17(22), 19519–19535 (2009).

M. Vasiliev, V. A. Kotov, K. Alameh, V. I. Belotelov, and A. K. Zvezdin, “Novel magnetic photonic crystal structures for magnetic field sensors and visualizers,” IEEE Trans. Magn.44(3), 323–328 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kreilkamp, L. E.

M. Pohl, L. E. Kreilkamp, V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, N. E. Khokhlov, V. J. Yallapragada, A. V. Gopal, M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Tuning of the transverse magneto-optical Kerr effect in magneto-plasmonic crystals,” New J. Phys.15(7), 075024 (2013).

V. I. Belotelov, L. E. Kreilkamp, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, D. A. Bykov, S. Kasture, V. J. Yallapragada, A. Venu Gopal, A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, M. N.-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, L. L. Doskolovich, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Plasmon-mediated magneto-optical transparency,” Nat Commun4, 2128 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lacklison, D. E.

G. B. Scott and D. E. Lacklison, “Magnetooptic properties and applications of Bismuth substituted iron garnets,” IEEE Trans. Magn.12(4), 292–311 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. P.

M. Vasiliev, M. N-E. Alam, P. Perumal, V. A. Kotov, K. Alameh, Y. T. Lee, and Y. P. Lee, “Annealing behavior and crystal structure of RF-sputtered Bi-substituted dysprosium iron garnet films having excess co-sputtered Bi-oxide content,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.44, 075002 (2011).

Lee, Y. T.

M. Vasiliev, M. N-E. Alam, P. Perumal, V. A. Kotov, K. Alameh, Y. T. Lee, and Y. P. Lee, “Annealing behavior and crystal structure of RF-sputtered Bi-substituted dysprosium iron garnet films having excess co-sputtered Bi-oxide content,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.44, 075002 (2011).

Li, Q.

S. Kang, S. Yin, V. Adyam, Q. Li, and Y. Zhu, “Bi3Fe4Ga1O12 garnet properties and its application to ultrafast switching in the visible spectrum,” IEEE Trans. Magn.43(9), 3656–3660 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Okuda, T.

N. Adachi, V. P. Denysenkov, S. I. Khartsev, A. M. Grishin, and T. Okuda, “Epitaxial Bi3Fe5O12 (001) films grown by pulsed laser deposition and reactive ion beam sputtering techniques,” J. Appl. Phys.88(1), 2734–2739 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Okuda, T. Katayama, H. Kobayashi, N. Kobayashi, K. Satoh, and H. Yamamoto, “Magnetic properties of Bi3Fe5O12 garnet,” J. Appl. Phys.67(9), 4944–4946 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Perumal, P.

M. Vasiliev, M. N-E. Alam, P. Perumal, V. A. Kotov, K. Alameh, Y. T. Lee, and Y. P. Lee, “Annealing behavior and crystal structure of RF-sputtered Bi-substituted dysprosium iron garnet films having excess co-sputtered Bi-oxide content,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.44, 075002 (2011).

Pohl, M.

M. Pohl, L. E. Kreilkamp, V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, N. E. Khokhlov, V. J. Yallapragada, A. V. Gopal, M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Tuning of the transverse magneto-optical Kerr effect in magneto-plasmonic crystals,” New J. Phys.15(7), 075024 (2013).

Popova, E.

M. Deb, E. Popova, A. Fouchet, and N. Keller, “Magneto-optical Faraday spectroscopy of completely bismuth-substituted Bi3Fe5O12 garnet thin films,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.45(45), 455001 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Satoh, K.

T. Okuda, T. Katayama, H. Kobayashi, N. Kobayashi, K. Satoh, and H. Yamamoto, “Magnetic properties of Bi3Fe5O12 garnet,” J. Appl. Phys.67(9), 4944–4946 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Scott, G. B.

G. B. Scott and D. E. Lacklison, “Magnetooptic properties and applications of Bismuth substituted iron garnets,” IEEE Trans. Magn.12(4), 292–311 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Valli, C.

M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, K. Alameh, and C. Valli, “Magneto-optical visualisation for high-resolution forensic data recovery using advanced thin film nano-materials,” in Proc. International Cyber Resilience Conference, Perth, Australia (2010).

Vasiliev, M.

V. I. Belotelov, L. E. Kreilkamp, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, D. A. Bykov, S. Kasture, V. J. Yallapragada, A. Venu Gopal, A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, M. N.-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, L. L. Doskolovich, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Plasmon-mediated magneto-optical transparency,” Nat Commun4, 2128 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pohl, L. E. Kreilkamp, V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, N. E. Khokhlov, V. J. Yallapragada, A. V. Gopal, M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Tuning of the transverse magneto-optical Kerr effect in magneto-plasmonic crystals,” New J. Phys.15(7), 075024 (2013).

M. Vasiliev, M. N-E. Alam, P. Perumal, V. A. Kotov, K. Alameh, Y. T. Lee, and Y. P. Lee, “Annealing behavior and crystal structure of RF-sputtered Bi-substituted dysprosium iron garnet films having excess co-sputtered Bi-oxide content,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.44, 075002 (2011).

M. Vasiliev, M. N.-E. Alam, V. A. Kotov, K. Alameh, V. I. Belotelov, V. I. Burkov, and A. K. Zvezdin, “RF magnetron sputtered (BiDy)3(FeGa)5O12:Bi2O3 composite materials possessing record magneto-optic quality in the visible spectral region,” Opt. Express17(22), 19519–19535 (2009).

M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, and K. Alameh, “Nano-structured magnetic photonic crystals for magneto-optic polarization controllers at the communication-band wavelengths,” Opt. Quantum Electron.41(9), 661–669 (2009).

M. Vasiliev, V. A. Kotov, K. Alameh, V. I. Belotelov, and A. K. Zvezdin, “Novel magnetic photonic crystal structures for magnetic field sensors and visualizers,” IEEE Trans. Magn.44(3), 323–328 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Vasiliev, K. E. Alameh, V. I. Belotelov, V. Kotov, and A. K. Zvezdin, “Magnetic photonic crystals: 1-D Optimization and Applications for the Integrated Optics Devices,” IEEE/OSA. J. Lightwave Technol.24(5), 2156–2162 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, K. Alameh, and C. Valli, “Magneto-optical visualisation for high-resolution forensic data recovery using advanced thin film nano-materials,” in Proc. International Cyber Resilience Conference, Perth, Australia (2010).

M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, and K. Alameh, “New Class of Garnet Nanocomposites for Use in Magnetic Photonic Crystals Prepared by RF Magnetron Co-sputtering,” In Proc. Int. Conf. on High-Capacity Optical Networks and Enabling Technologies (HONET 2012), Istanbul, Turkey (2012).

Venu Gopal, A.

V. I. Belotelov, L. E. Kreilkamp, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, D. A. Bykov, S. Kasture, V. J. Yallapragada, A. Venu Gopal, A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, M. N.-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, L. L. Doskolovich, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Plasmon-mediated magneto-optical transparency,” Nat Commun4, 2128 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yakovlev, D. R.

V. I. Belotelov, L. E. Kreilkamp, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, D. A. Bykov, S. Kasture, V. J. Yallapragada, A. Venu Gopal, A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, M. N.-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, L. L. Doskolovich, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Plasmon-mediated magneto-optical transparency,” Nat Commun4, 2128 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Pohl, L. E. Kreilkamp, V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, N. E. Khokhlov, V. J. Yallapragada, A. V. Gopal, M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Tuning of the transverse magneto-optical Kerr effect in magneto-plasmonic crystals,” New J. Phys.15(7), 075024 (2013).

Yallapragada, V. J.

M. Pohl, L. E. Kreilkamp, V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, N. E. Khokhlov, V. J. Yallapragada, A. V. Gopal, M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Tuning of the transverse magneto-optical Kerr effect in magneto-plasmonic crystals,” New J. Phys.15(7), 075024 (2013).

V. I. Belotelov, L. E. Kreilkamp, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, D. A. Bykov, S. Kasture, V. J. Yallapragada, A. Venu Gopal, A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, M. N.-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, L. L. Doskolovich, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Plasmon-mediated magneto-optical transparency,” Nat Commun4, 2128 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamamoto, H.

T. Okuda, T. Katayama, H. Kobayashi, N. Kobayashi, K. Satoh, and H. Yamamoto, “Magnetic properties of Bi3Fe5O12 garnet,” J. Appl. Phys.67(9), 4944–4946 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Yin, S.

S. Kang, S. Yin, V. Adyam, Q. Li, and Y. Zhu, “Bi3Fe4Ga1O12 garnet properties and its application to ultrafast switching in the visible spectrum,” IEEE Trans. Magn.43(9), 3656–3660 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y.

S. Kang, S. Yin, V. Adyam, Q. Li, and Y. Zhu, “Bi3Fe4Ga1O12 garnet properties and its application to ultrafast switching in the visible spectrum,” IEEE Trans. Magn.43(9), 3656–3660 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zvezdin, A. K.

M. Pohl, L. E. Kreilkamp, V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, N. E. Khokhlov, V. J. Yallapragada, A. V. Gopal, M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Tuning of the transverse magneto-optical Kerr effect in magneto-plasmonic crystals,” New J. Phys.15(7), 075024 (2013).

V. I. Belotelov, L. E. Kreilkamp, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, D. A. Bykov, S. Kasture, V. J. Yallapragada, A. Venu Gopal, A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, M. N.-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, L. L. Doskolovich, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Plasmon-mediated magneto-optical transparency,” Nat Commun4, 2128 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Vasiliev, M. N.-E. Alam, V. A. Kotov, K. Alameh, V. I. Belotelov, V. I. Burkov, and A. K. Zvezdin, “RF magnetron sputtered (BiDy)3(FeGa)5O12:Bi2O3 composite materials possessing record magneto-optic quality in the visible spectral region,” Opt. Express17(22), 19519–19535 (2009).

M. Vasiliev, V. A. Kotov, K. Alameh, V. I. Belotelov, and A. K. Zvezdin, “Novel magnetic photonic crystal structures for magnetic field sensors and visualizers,” IEEE Trans. Magn.44(3), 323–328 (2008).
[CrossRef]

M. Vasiliev, K. E. Alameh, V. I. Belotelov, V. Kotov, and A. K. Zvezdin, “Magnetic photonic crystals: 1-D Optimization and Applications for the Integrated Optics Devices,” IEEE/OSA. J. Lightwave Technol.24(5), 2156–2162 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Magn. (3)

M. Vasiliev, V. A. Kotov, K. Alameh, V. I. Belotelov, and A. K. Zvezdin, “Novel magnetic photonic crystal structures for magnetic field sensors and visualizers,” IEEE Trans. Magn.44(3), 323–328 (2008).
[CrossRef]

S. Kang, S. Yin, V. Adyam, Q. Li, and Y. Zhu, “Bi3Fe4Ga1O12 garnet properties and its application to ultrafast switching in the visible spectrum,” IEEE Trans. Magn.43(9), 3656–3660 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. B. Scott and D. E. Lacklison, “Magnetooptic properties and applications of Bismuth substituted iron garnets,” IEEE Trans. Magn.12(4), 292–311 (1976).
[CrossRef]

IEEE/OSA. J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

M. Vasiliev, K. E. Alameh, V. I. Belotelov, V. Kotov, and A. K. Zvezdin, “Magnetic photonic crystals: 1-D Optimization and Applications for the Integrated Optics Devices,” IEEE/OSA. J. Lightwave Technol.24(5), 2156–2162 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (3)

N. Adachi, V. P. Denysenkov, S. I. Khartsev, A. M. Grishin, and T. Okuda, “Epitaxial Bi3Fe5O12 (001) films grown by pulsed laser deposition and reactive ion beam sputtering techniques,” J. Appl. Phys.88(1), 2734–2739 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Okuda, T. Katayama, H. Kobayashi, N. Kobayashi, K. Satoh, and H. Yamamoto, “Magnetic properties of Bi3Fe5O12 garnet,” J. Appl. Phys.67(9), 4944–4946 (1990).
[CrossRef]

C. F. Buhrer, “Faraday rotation and dichroism of bismuth calcium vanadium iron garnet,” J. Appl. Phys.40(11), 4500 (1969).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (2)

M. Vasiliev, M. N-E. Alam, P. Perumal, V. A. Kotov, K. Alameh, Y. T. Lee, and Y. P. Lee, “Annealing behavior and crystal structure of RF-sputtered Bi-substituted dysprosium iron garnet films having excess co-sputtered Bi-oxide content,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.44, 075002 (2011).

M. Deb, E. Popova, A. Fouchet, and N. Keller, “Magneto-optical Faraday spectroscopy of completely bismuth-substituted Bi3Fe5O12 garnet thin films,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys.45(45), 455001 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Nat Commun (1)

V. I. Belotelov, L. E. Kreilkamp, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, D. A. Bykov, S. Kasture, V. J. Yallapragada, A. Venu Gopal, A. M. Grishin, S. I. Khartsev, M. N.-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, L. L. Doskolovich, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Plasmon-mediated magneto-optical transparency,” Nat Commun4, 2128 (2013).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

New J. Phys. (1)

M. Pohl, L. E. Kreilkamp, V. I. Belotelov, I. A. Akimov, A. N. Kalish, N. E. Khokhlov, V. J. Yallapragada, A. V. Gopal, M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, D. R. Yakovlev, K. Alameh, A. K. Zvezdin, and M. Bayer, “Tuning of the transverse magneto-optical Kerr effect in magneto-plasmonic crystals,” New J. Phys.15(7), 075024 (2013).

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, and K. Alameh, “Nano-structured magnetic photonic crystals for magneto-optic polarization controllers at the communication-band wavelengths,” Opt. Quantum Electron.41(9), 661–669 (2009).

Other (5)

M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, and K. Alameh, “New Class of Garnet Nanocomposites for Use in Magnetic Photonic Crystals Prepared by RF Magnetron Co-sputtering,” In Proc. Int. Conf. on High-Capacity Optical Networks and Enabling Technologies (HONET 2012), Istanbul, Turkey (2012).

M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, K. Alameh, and C. Valli, “Magneto-optical visualisation for high-resolution forensic data recovery using advanced thin film nano-materials,” in Proc. International Cyber Resilience Conference, Perth, Australia (2010).

A. K. Zvezdin and V. A. Kotov, in Modern Magnetooptics and Magnetooptical Materials (Institute of Physics Publishing, 1997).

M. N-E. Alam, M. Vasiliev, K. Alameh, and V. A. Kotov, “Garnet multilayer thin film structure with magnetostatically-altered and improved magnetic properties prepared by RF magnetron sputtering,” In Proc. Int. Conf. on High-capacity Optical Networks and Enabling Technologies Conference (HONET 2011), pp- 177–181, Riadh, Saudi Arabia (2011).

A. H. Eschenfelder, Magnetic Bubble Technology (Springer-Verlag, 1980).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The crystallisation temperature boundaries (thermal windows) used to anneal the Bi3Fe5O12-Dy2O3 thin film composites deposited onto GGG and glass (Corning Eagle XG) substrates.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

X-ray diffraction data sets obtained from a garnet layer fromed as a result of sputtering a target of stoichiometry Bi3Fe5O12 and from two garnet-oxide composite layers having different vol. % of added Dy2O3 content deposited onto glass substrates. The specific Faraday rotation values measured at 532 nm are also shown in square brackets.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Specific Faraday rotation values measured in annealed Bi3Fe5O12:Dy2O3 composite thin films prepared on GGG (red dotted line) and glass (green dotted line) substrates. The specific Faraday rotation measurements were performed using a plane-polarised light source of wavelength 532 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Spectral data points of specific Faraday rotation measured in Bi3Fe5O12:Dy2O3 composite-type garnet films deposited onto GGG substrates at 473 nm (blue lines) 532 nm (green lines) and 635 nm (red lines) as a function of the estimated volumetric content of Dy2O3 added by co-sputtering. Here, zero percent of added Dy2O3 indicates a garnet layer sputtered from a target of nominal stoichiometry Bi3Fe5O12.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Transmission and absorption spectra of a layer of composition type Bi3Fe5O12: 11 vol. % Dy2O3 sputtered onto a glass substrate which was post-deposition annealed using an optimized annealing regime (1h at 630 °C).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Scaled figure of merit (FOM) values measured in Bi3Fe5O12:Dy2O3 (2.7-20 Vol. %) composite-type thin films prepared on GGG substrates.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Measured hysteresis loops of specific Faraday rotation in (Bi3Fe5O12: 11 vol. % Dy2O3) nanocomposite thin film prepared on (a) glass and (b) GGG substrates.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Measured hysteresis loop of Faraday rotation in Bi3Fe5O12:Dy2O3 (2.7-15 Vol. %) composite thin films prepared on GGG substrates.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Summary of the sputtering process parameters and conditions used to deposit garnet-oxide composite thin film layers onto GGG and glass substrates.

Tables Icon

Table 2 Coercive force and saturation magnetization values measured in co-sputtered garnet-oxide composite thin film layers of different stoichiometry types.

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