Abstract

While the vast majority of integrated photonic devices are traditionally fabricated on rigid substrates, photonic integration of both passive and active photonic devices on flexible polymer substrates has been demonstrated in recent years, and its applications in imaging, sensing and optical interconnects are being actively pursued. This paper presents an overview of the emerging field of mechanically flexible photonics, where we examine material processing and mechanical design rationales dictated by application-specific optical functionalities. The examples include semiconductor nanomembranes which serve as the key enabling material for hybrid inorganic-organic flexible active photonics, and monolithically integrated passive photonic structures fabricated from semiconductors, polymers, or amorphous materials. Technical challenges and further research opportunities related to materials engineering and device integration on flexible substrates are also discussed.

© 2013 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. W. Zhou, Z. Ma, H. Yang, Z. Qiang, G. Qin, H. Pang, L. Chen, W. Yang, S. Chuwongin, and D. Zhao, “Flexible photonic-crystal Fano filters based on transferred semiconductor nanomembranes,” J. Phys. D 42(23), 234007 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  2. H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C.-J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “A hemispherical electronic eye camera based on compressible silicon optoelectronics,” Nature 454(7205), 748–753 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. L. Zhou, A. Wanga, S. Wu, J. Sun, S. Park, and T. Jackson, “All-organic active matrix flexible display,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(8), 083502 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  4. E. Bosman, G. Van Steenberge, B. Van Hoe, J. Missinne, J. Vanfleteren, and P. Van Daele, “Highly Reliable Flexible Active Optical Links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(5), 287–289 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  5. D. Guidotti, Y. Jianjun, M. Blaser, V. Grundlehner, and G. Chang, “Edge viewing photodetectors for strictly in-plane lightwave circuit integration and flexible optical interconnects,” in Proceedings of 56th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (IEEE, 2006), pp. 782–788.
    [Crossref]
  6. T. Shibata and A. Takahashi, “Flexible opto-electronic circuit board for in-device interconnection,” in Proc. 58th Electron. Compon. Technol. Conf. (IEEE, 2008), pp. 261–267.
    [Crossref]
  7. B. Swatowski, C. Amb, S. Breed, D. Deshazer, W. Ken Weidner, R. Dangel, N. Meier, and B. Offrein, “Flexible, stable, and easily processable optical silicones for low loss polymer waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 8622, 8622–8624 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  8. K. Cherenack, K. V. Os, and L. V. Pieterson, “Smart photonic textiles begin to weave their magic,” Laser Focus World 48, 63–66 (2012).
  9. Z. Yu, X. Niu, Z. Liu, and Q. Pei, “Intrinsically stretchable polymer light-emitting devices using carbon nanotube-polymer composite electrodes,” Adv. Mater. 23(34), 3989–3994 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. J. Yoon, L. Li, A. V. Semichaevsky, J. H. Ryu, H. T. Johnson, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible concentrator photovoltaics based on microscale silicon solar cells embedded in luminescent waveguides,” Nat Commun 2, 343 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. J. Yoon, A. J. Baca, S. I. Park, P. Elvikis, J. B. Geddes, L. Li, R. H. Kim, J. Xiao, S. Wang, T. H. Kim, M. J. Motala, B. Y. Ahn, E. B. Duoss, J. A. Lewis, R. G. Nuzzo, P. M. Ferreira, Y. Huang, A. Rockett, and J. A. Rogers, “Ultrathin silicon solar microcells for semitransparent, mechanically flexible and microconcentrator module designs,” Nat. Mater. 7(11), 907–915 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. W. Park and J. Lee, “Mechanically tunable photonic crystal structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(21), 4845–4847 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  13. Y. Chen, H. Li, and M. Li, “Flexible and tunable silicon photonic circuits on plastic substrates,” Sci Rep 2, 622 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. C. L. Yu, H. Kim, N. de Leon, I. W. Frank, J. T. Robinson, M. McCutcheon, M. Liu, M. D. Lukin, M. Loncar, and H. Park, “Stretchable photonic crystal cavity with wide frequency tunability,” Nano Lett. 13(1), 248–252 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. D. Taillaert, W. Paepegem, J. Vlekken, and R. Baets, “A thin foil optical strain gage based on silicon-oninsulator microresonators,” Proc. SPIE 6619, 661914, 661914-4 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  16. L. Fan, L. T. Varghese, Y. Xuan, J. Wang, B. Niu, and M. Qi, “Direct fabrication of silicon photonic devices on a flexible platform and its application for strain sensing,” Opt. Express 20(18), 20564–20575 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. J. C. Martinez-Anton, H. Canabal, J. A. Quiroga, E. Bernabeu, M. A. Labajo, and V. C. Testillano, “Enhancement of surface inspection by Moiré interferometry using flexible reference gratings,” Opt. Express 8(12), 649–654 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  18. L. Ge, X. Wang, H. Chen, K. Qiu, and S. Fu, “Flexible subwavelength gratings fabricated by reversal soft UV nanoimprint,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 10(9), 090502–090505 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  19. D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ma, Y. S. Kim, R. H. Kim, S. Wang, J. Wu, S. M. Won, H. Tao, A. Islam, K. J. Yu, T. I. Kim, R. Chowdhury, M. Ying, L. Xu, M. Li, H. J. Chung, H. Keum, M. McCormick, P. Liu, Y. W. Zhang, F. G. Omenetto, Y. Huang, T. Coleman, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal electronics,” Science 333(6044), 838–843 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  20. Z. Ma, “Materials science:An electronic second skin,” Science 333(6044), 830–831 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  21. S. Ahn and L. Guo, “High-speed roll-to-roll nanoimprint lithography on flexible plastic substrates,” Adv. Mater. 20(11), 2044–2049 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  22. J. Ok, H. Youn, M. Kwak, K. Lee, Y. Shin, L. Guo, A. Greenwald, and Y. Liu, “Continuous and scalable fabrication of flexible metamaterial films via roll-to-roll nanoimprint process for broadband plasmonic infrared filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 223102 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  23. C. Choi, L. Lin, Y. Liu, J. Choi, L. Wang, D. Haas, J. Magera, and R. T. Chen, “Flexible optical waveguide film fabrications and optoelectronic devices integration for fully embedded board-level optical interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(9), 2168–2176 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  24. Y. Huang, G. Paloczi, A. Yariv, C. Zhang, and L. Dalton, “Fabrication and replication of polymer integrated optical devices using electron-beam lithography and soft lithography,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(25), 8606–8613 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  25. G. Paloczi, Y. Huang, and A. Yariv, “Free-standing all-polymer microring resonator optical filter,” Electron. Lett. 39(23), 1650–1651 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  26. K. J. Kim, J. K. Seo, and M. C. Oh, “Strain induced tunable wavelength filters based on flexible polymer waveguide Bragg reflector,” Opt. Express 16(3), 1423–1430 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. J. Clark and G. Lanzani, “Organic photonics for communications,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 438–446 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  28. K. J. Kim, J. W. Kim, M. C. Oh, Y. O. Noh, and H. J. Lee, “Flexible polymer waveguide tunable lasers,” Opt. Express 18(8), 8392–8399 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  29. T. Lu, L. Chiu, P. Lin, and P. Lee, “One-dimensional photonic crystal nanobeam lasers on a flexible substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(7), 071101 (2011).
    [Crossref]
  30. S. Furumi, H. Fudouzi, H. Miyazaki, and Y. Sakka, “Flexible polymer colloidal -crystal lasers with a light-emitting planar defect,” Adv. Mater. 19(16), 2067–2072 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  31. H. Song, M. Oh, S. Ahn, W. Steier, H. R. Fetterman, and C. Zhang, “Flexible low voltage electro-optic polymer modulators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(25), 4432–4434 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  32. K. S. Novoselov, D. Jiang, F. Schedin, T. J. Booth, V. V. Khotkevich, S. V. Morozov, and A. K. Geim, “Two-dimensional atomic crystals,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102(30), 10451–10453 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  33. J. A. Rogers, M. G. Lagally, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Synthesis, assembly and applications of semiconductor nanomembranes,” Nature 477(7362), 45–53 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  34. H. Lin, L. Li, Y. Zou, O. Ogbuu, S. Danto, J. D. Musgraves, K. Richardson, and J. Hu, “Chalcogenide glass planar photonics: from mid-IR sensing to 3-D flexible substrate integration,” Proc. SPIE 8600, 8600–8620 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  35. C. Hsueh, “Modeling of elastic deformation of multilayers due to residual stresses and external bending,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(12), 9652–9656 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  36. D. H. Kim, J. H. Ahn, W. M. Choi, H. S. Kim, T. H. Kim, J. Song, Y. Y. Huang, Z. Liu, C. Lu, and J. A. Rogers, “Stretchable and foldable silicon integrated circuits,” Science 320(5875), 507–511 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  37. Y. Maeda and Y. Hashiguchi, “Flexible film waveguides with excellent bending properties,” Proc. SPIE 6899, 68990D, 68990D-8 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  38. W. Yang, H. Yang, G. Qin, Z. Ma, J. Berggren, M. Hammar, R. Soref, and W. Zhou, “Large-area InP-based crystalline nanomembrane flexible photodetectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 121107 (2010).
    [Crossref]
  39. W. Zhou, M. Zhenqiang, C. Santhad, Y. Shuai, J. Seo, D. Zhao, H. Yang, and W. Yang, “Semiconductor nanomembranes for integrated silicon photonics and flexible photonics,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 44(12-13), 605–611 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  40. L. Li, H. Lin, Y. Zou, and J. Hu, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, and S. Qiao, N. Lu, S. Danto, J. D. Musgraves, and K. Richardson are preparing a manuscript to be called “3-D integrated flexible glass photonics.”
  41. D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ghaffari, Y. S. Kim, S. P. Lee, L. Xu, J. Wu, R. H. Kim, J. Song, Z. Liu, J. Viventi, B. de Graff, B. Elolampi, M. Mansour, M. J. Slepian, S. Hwang, J. D. Moss, S. M. Won, Y. Huang, B. Litt, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials for multifunctional balloon catheters with capabilities in cardiac electrophysiological mapping and ablation therapy,” Nat. Mater. 10(4), 316–323 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  42. R. Verplancke, F. Bossuyt, D. Cuypers, and J. Vanfleteren, “Thin-film stretchable electronics technology based on meandering interconnections: fabrication and mechanical performance,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 22(1), 015002 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  43. D. Kim and J. A. Rogers, “Stretchable electronics: Materials strategies and devices,” Adv. Mater. 20(24), 4887–4892 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  44. S. Mack, M. A. Meitl, A. J. Baca, Z. T. Zhu, and J. A. Rogers, “Mechanically flexible thin-film transistors that use ultrathin ribbons of silicon derived from bulk wafers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(21), 213101 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  45. X. Xu, H. Subbaraman, A. Hosseini, C. Y. Lin, D. Kwong, and R. T. Chen, “Stamp printing of silicon-nanomembrane-based photonic devices onto flexible substrates with a suspended configuration,” Opt. Lett. 37(6), 1020–1022 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  46. M. A. Meitl, Z. T. Zhu, V. Kumar, K. J. Lee, X. Feng, Y. Y. Huang, I. Adesida, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Transfer printing by kinetic control of adhesion to an elastomeric stamp,” Nat. Mater. 5(1), 33–38 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  47. M. J. Zablocki, A. Sharkawy, O. Ebil, and D. W. Prather, “Nanomembrane transfer process for intricate photonic device applications,” Opt. Lett. 36(1), 58–60 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  48. A. Ghaffari, A. Hosseini, X. Xu, D. Kwong, H. Subbaraman, and R. T. Chen, “Transfer of micro and nano-photonic silicon nanomembrane waveguide devices on flexible substrates,” Opt. Express 18(19), 20086–20095 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  49. D. Chanda, K. Shigeta, S. Gupta, T. Cain, A. Carlson, A. Mihi, A. J. Baca, G. R. Bogart, P. Braun, and J. A. Rogers, “Large-area flexible 3D optical negative index metamaterial formed by nanotransfer printing,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(7), 402–407 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  50. D. Hines, V. Ballarotto, E. Williams, Y. Shao, and S. Solin, “Transfer printing methods for the fabrication of flexible organic electronics,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(2), 024503 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  51. H. C. Yuan, M. M. Roberts, P. Zhang, B. N. Park, L. J. Klein, D. E. Savage, F. S. Flack, Z. Ma, P. G. Evans, M. A. Eriksson, G. K. Celler, and M. G. Lagally, “Silicon-based nanomembrane materials: the ultimate in strain engineering,” in Topical Meeting on Silicon Monolithic Integrated Circuits in RF Systems (SiRF), San Diego, CA, 2006, pp. 327–333.
  52. H. C. Yuan and Z. Ma, “Microwave thin-film transistors using Si nanomembranes on flexible polymer substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(21), 212105 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  53. H. C. Yuan, Z. Ma, M. M. Roberts, D. E. Savage, and M. G. Lagally, “High-speed strained-single-crystal-silicon thin-film transistors on flexible polymers,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(1), 013708 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  54. H. C. Yuan, G. K. Celler, and Z. Ma, “7.8-GHz flexible thin-film transistors on a low-temperature plastic substrate,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(3), 034501 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  55. K. Zhang, J. Seo, W. Zhou, and Z. Ma, “Fast flexible electronics using transferrable silicon nanomembranes (Topical Review),” J. Phys. D. 45(14), 143001 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  56. Z. Ma and L. Sun, “Will future RFIC be flexible?(Invited),” in IEEE 10th Annual Wireless and Microwave Technology Conference,2009. WAMICON '09., Clearwater, FL, 2009, pp. 1–5.
    [Crossref]
  57. L. Sun, G. Qin, G. K. Celler, W. Zhou, and Z. Ma, “12-GHz thin-film transistors with transferrable silicon nanomembranes for high-performance massive flexible electronics,” Small 6, 2553–2557 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  58. H. Yang, Z. Qiang, H. Pang, Z. Ma, and W. D. Zhou, “Surface-normal fano filters based on transferred silicon nanomembranes on glass substrates,” Electron. Lett. 44(14), 858–859 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  59. L. Chen, Z. Qiang, H. Yang, H. Pang, Z. Ma, and W. D. Zhou, “Polarization and angular dependent transmissions on transferred nanomembrane Fano filters,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8396–8406 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  60. Z. Qiang, H. Yang, L. Chen, H. Pang, Z. Ma, and W. Zhou, “Fano filters based on transferred silicon nanomembranes on plastic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061106 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  61. W. Yang, S. Chuwongin, D. Zhao, H. Yang, Z. Ma, and W. Zhou, “Flexible solar cells based on stacked semiconductor nanomembranes on plastic substrates,” in CLEO San Jose, CA, 2010.
  62. S. Chuwongin, W. Yang, H. Yang, W. D. Zhou, and Z. Ma, “Flexible Crystalline InP Nanomembrane LED Arrays,” in IEEE Photonics Society Annual Meeting Denver, CO, 2010.
    [Crossref]
  63. H. Zhou, J.-H. Seo, D. M. Paskiewicz, Y. Zhu, G. K. Celler, P. M. Voyles, W. Zhou, M. G. Lagally, and Z. Ma, “Fast flexible electronics with strained silicon nanomembranes,” Sci Rep 3, 1291 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  64. Y. Zou, D. Zhang, H. Lin, L. Li, L. Moreel, J. Zhou, Q. Du, O. Ogbuu, K. Dobson, R. Birkmire, and J. Hu, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, and S. Danto, J. D. Musgraves, and K. Richardson are preparing a manuscript to be called “High-Performance, High-Index-Contrast Chalcogenide Glass Photonics on Silicon and Unconventional Nonplanar Substrates.”
  65. S. Aksu, M. Huang, A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, S. Selvarasah, M. R. Dokmeci, and H. Altug, “Flexible Plasmonics on Unconventional and Nonplanar Substrates,” Adv. Mater. 23(38), 4422–4430 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  66. H. Park, A. Fang, S. Kodama, and J. Bowers, “Hybrid silicon evanescent laser fabricated with a silicon waveguide and III-V offset quantum wells,” Opt. Express 13(23), 9460–9464 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  67. J. E. Bowers, H. Park, A. W. Fang, O. Cohen, R. Jones, and M. Paniccia, “Design and fabrication of optically pumped hybrid silicon-AlGaInAs evanescent lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(6), 1657–1663 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  68. O. G. Schmidt and K. Eberl, “Nanotechnology. Thin solid films roll up into nanotubes,” Nature 410(6825), 168 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  69. S. A. Scott and M. G. Lagally, “Elastically strain-sharing nanomembranes: flexible and transferable strained silicon and silicon–germanium alloys,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 40(4), R75–R92 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  70. J. A. Rogers, Z. Bao, K. Baldwin, A. Dodabalapur, B. Crone, V. R. Raju, V. Kuck, H. Katz, K. Amundson, J. Ewing, and P. Drzaic, “Paper-like electronic displays: Large-area rubber-stamped plastic sheets of electronics and microencapsulated electrophoretic inks,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98(9), 4835–4840 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  71. H. Ma, A. K.-Y. Jen, and L. Dalton, “Polymer-based optical waveguides: materials, processing, and devices,” Adv. Mater. 14(19), 1339–1365 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  72. S. Shibata, M. Horiguchi, K. Jinguji, S. Mitachi, T. Kanamori, and T. Manabe, “Prediction of loss minima in infra-red optical fibers,” Electron. Lett. 17(21), 775–777 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  73. B. Rangarajan, A. Y. Kovalgin, K. Wörhoff, and J. Schmitz, “Low-temperature deposition of high-quality silicon oxynitride films for CMOS-integrated optics,” Opt. Lett. 38(6), 941–943 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  74. J. T. Choy, J. D. Bradley, P. B. Deotare, I. B. Burgess, C. C. Evans, E. Mazur, and M. Lončar, “Integrated TiO2 resonators for visible photonics,” Opt. Lett. 37(4), 539–541 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  75. N. Carlie, J. D. Musgraves, B. Zdyrko, I. Luzinov, J. Hu, V. Singh, A. Agarwal, L. C. Kimerling, A. Canciamilla, F. Morichetti, A. Melloni, and K. Richardson, “Integrated chalcogenide waveguide resonators for mid-IR sensing: Leveraging material properties to meet fabrication challenges,” Opt. Express 18(25), 26728–26743 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  76. J. Sandland, “Sputtered silicon oxynitride for microphotonics: a materials study,” Ph.D. thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (2005).
  77. J. Kim, C. Florea, K. A. Winick, and M. McCoy, “Design and fabrication of low-loss hydrogenated amorphous silicon overlay DBR for glass waveguide devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(6), 1307–1315 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  78. D. P. Birnie, “Rational solvent selection strategies to combat striation formation during spin coating of thin films,” J. Mater. Res. 16(04), 1145–1154 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  79. Y. Zou, H. Lin, O. Ogbuu, L. Li, S. Danto, S. Novak, J. Novak, J. D. Musgraves, K. Richardson, and J. Hu, “Effect of annealing conditions on the physio-chemical properties of spin-coated As2Se3 chalcogenide glass films,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(12), 1723–1732 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  80. Y. Zha, S. Fingerman, S. Cantrell, and C. Arnold, “Pore formation and removal in solution-processed amorphous arsenic sulfide films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 369, 11–16 (2013).
    [Crossref]
  81. L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  82. R. Bockstaele, M. De Wilde, W. Meeus, H. Sergeant, O. Rits, J. Van Campenhout, J. De Baets, P. Van Daele, F. Dorgeuille, S. Eitel, M. Klemenc, R. Annen, J. Van Koetsem, J. Goudeau, B. Bareel, R. Fries, P. Straub, F. Marion, J. Routin, and R. Baets, “Chip-to-chip parallel optical interconnects over optical backpanels based on arrays of multimode waveguides,” Proc. Symp. IEEE/LEOS 61–64 (2004).
  83. D. Butler, M. Li, S. Li, K. Matthews, V. Nazarov, A. Koklyushkin, R. McCollum, Y. Geng, and J. Luther, “Multicore optical fiber and connectors for high bandwidth density, short reach optical links,” presented at the IEEE Optical Interconnects Conference, 5–8 May 2013.
    [Crossref]
  84. L. Li, Y. Zou, H. Lin, and J. Hu, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, and X. Sun, N. Feng, S. Danto, K. Richardson, T. Gu, and M. Haney are preparing a manuscript to be called “A fully-integrated flexible photonic platform for chip-to-chip optical interconnects.”
  85. P. Horak, W. Stewart, and W. H. Loh, “Continuously tunable optical buffer with a dual silicon waveguide design,” Opt. Express 19(13), 12456–12461 (2011).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  86. B. Bhola, H. Song, H. Tazawa, and W. Steier, “Polymer microresonator strain sensors,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(4), 867–869 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  87. J. Hu, N. Carlie, N. N. Feng, L. Petit, A. Agarwal, K. Richardson, and L. C. Kimerling, “Planar waveguide-coupled, high-index-contrast, high-Q resonators in chalcogenide glass for sensing,” Opt. Lett. 33(21), 2500–2502 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  88. I. M. Pryce, K. Aydin, Y. A. Kelaita, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Highly strained compliant optical metamaterials with large frequency tunability,” Nano Lett. 10(10), 4222–4227 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  89. S. Olcum, A. Kocabas, G. Ertas, A. Atalar, and A. Aydinli, “Tunable surface plasmon resonance on an elastomeric substrate,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8542–8547 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  90. Y. M. Song, Y. Xie, V. Malyarchuk, J. Xiao, I. Jung, K. J. Choi, Z. Liu, H. Park, C. Lu, R. H. Kim, R. Li, K. B. Crozier, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye,” Nature 497(7447), 95–99 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  91. T. Kim, R. H. Kim, and J. A. Rogers, “Microscale inorganic light-emitting diodes on flexible and stretchable substrates,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(2), 607–612 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  92. T. I. Kim, Y. H. Jung, J. Song, D. Kim, Y. Li, H. S. Kim, I. S. Song, J. J. Wierer, H. A. Pao, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “High-efficiency, microscale GaN light-emitting diodes and their thermal properties on unusual substrates,” Small 8(11), 1643–1649 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  93. R. H. Kim, H. Tao, T. I. Kim, Y. Zhang, S. Kim, B. Panilaitis, M. Yang, D. H. Kim, Y. H. Jung, B. H. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials and designs for wirelessly powered implantable light-emitting systems,” Small 8(18), 2812–2818 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  94. T. I. Kim, J. G. McCall, Y. H. Jung, X. Huang, E. R. Siuda, Y. Li, J. Song, Y. M. Song, H. A. Pao, R. H. Kim, C. Lu, S. D. Lee, I. S. Song, G. Shin, R. Al-Hasani, S. Kim, M. P. Tan, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, J. A. Rogers, and M. R. Bruchas, “Injectable, cellular-scale optoelectronics with applications for wireless optogenetics,” Science 340(6129), 211–216 (2013).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  95. S. W. Hwang, H. Tao, D. H. Kim, H. Cheng, J. K. Song, E. Rill, M. A. Brenckle, B. Panilaitis, S. M. Won, Y. S. Kim, Y. M. Song, K. J. Yu, A. Ameen, R. Li, Y. Su, M. Yang, D. L. Kaplan, M. R. Zakin, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “A physically transient form of silicon electronics,” Science 337(6102), 1640–1644 (2012).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2013 (8)

B. Swatowski, C. Amb, S. Breed, D. Deshazer, W. Ken Weidner, R. Dangel, N. Meier, and B. Offrein, “Flexible, stable, and easily processable optical silicones for low loss polymer waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 8622, 8622–8624 (2013).
[Crossref]

C. L. Yu, H. Kim, N. de Leon, I. W. Frank, J. T. Robinson, M. McCutcheon, M. Liu, M. D. Lukin, M. Loncar, and H. Park, “Stretchable photonic crystal cavity with wide frequency tunability,” Nano Lett. 13(1), 248–252 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Lin, L. Li, Y. Zou, O. Ogbuu, S. Danto, J. D. Musgraves, K. Richardson, and J. Hu, “Chalcogenide glass planar photonics: from mid-IR sensing to 3-D flexible substrate integration,” Proc. SPIE 8600, 8600–8620 (2013).
[Crossref]

H. Zhou, J.-H. Seo, D. M. Paskiewicz, Y. Zhu, G. K. Celler, P. M. Voyles, W. Zhou, M. G. Lagally, and Z. Ma, “Fast flexible electronics with strained silicon nanomembranes,” Sci Rep 3, 1291 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Rangarajan, A. Y. Kovalgin, K. Wörhoff, and J. Schmitz, “Low-temperature deposition of high-quality silicon oxynitride films for CMOS-integrated optics,” Opt. Lett. 38(6), 941–943 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zha, S. Fingerman, S. Cantrell, and C. Arnold, “Pore formation and removal in solution-processed amorphous arsenic sulfide films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 369, 11–16 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. M. Song, Y. Xie, V. Malyarchuk, J. Xiao, I. Jung, K. J. Choi, Z. Liu, H. Park, C. Lu, R. H. Kim, R. Li, K. B. Crozier, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye,” Nature 497(7447), 95–99 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. I. Kim, J. G. McCall, Y. H. Jung, X. Huang, E. R. Siuda, Y. Li, J. Song, Y. M. Song, H. A. Pao, R. H. Kim, C. Lu, S. D. Lee, I. S. Song, G. Shin, R. Al-Hasani, S. Kim, M. P. Tan, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, J. A. Rogers, and M. R. Bruchas, “Injectable, cellular-scale optoelectronics with applications for wireless optogenetics,” Science 340(6129), 211–216 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2012 (15)

S. W. Hwang, H. Tao, D. H. Kim, H. Cheng, J. K. Song, E. Rill, M. A. Brenckle, B. Panilaitis, S. M. Won, Y. S. Kim, Y. M. Song, K. J. Yu, A. Ameen, R. Li, Y. Su, M. Yang, D. L. Kaplan, M. R. Zakin, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “A physically transient form of silicon electronics,” Science 337(6102), 1640–1644 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kim, R. H. Kim, and J. A. Rogers, “Microscale inorganic light-emitting diodes on flexible and stretchable substrates,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(2), 607–612 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. I. Kim, Y. H. Jung, J. Song, D. Kim, Y. Li, H. S. Kim, I. S. Song, J. J. Wierer, H. A. Pao, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “High-efficiency, microscale GaN light-emitting diodes and their thermal properties on unusual substrates,” Small 8(11), 1643–1649 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. H. Kim, H. Tao, T. I. Kim, Y. Zhang, S. Kim, B. Panilaitis, M. Yang, D. H. Kim, Y. H. Jung, B. H. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials and designs for wirelessly powered implantable light-emitting systems,” Small 8(18), 2812–2818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Zou, H. Lin, O. Ogbuu, L. Li, S. Danto, S. Novak, J. Novak, J. D. Musgraves, K. Richardson, and J. Hu, “Effect of annealing conditions on the physio-chemical properties of spin-coated As2Se3 chalcogenide glass films,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(12), 1723–1732 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. T. Choy, J. D. Bradley, P. B. Deotare, I. B. Burgess, C. C. Evans, E. Mazur, and M. Lončar, “Integrated TiO2 resonators for visible photonics,” Opt. Lett. 37(4), 539–541 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Zhou, M. Zhenqiang, C. Santhad, Y. Shuai, J. Seo, D. Zhao, H. Yang, and W. Yang, “Semiconductor nanomembranes for integrated silicon photonics and flexible photonics,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 44(12-13), 605–611 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. Verplancke, F. Bossuyt, D. Cuypers, and J. Vanfleteren, “Thin-film stretchable electronics technology based on meandering interconnections: fabrication and mechanical performance,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 22(1), 015002 (2012).
[Crossref]

X. Xu, H. Subbaraman, A. Hosseini, C. Y. Lin, D. Kwong, and R. T. Chen, “Stamp printing of silicon-nanomembrane-based photonic devices onto flexible substrates with a suspended configuration,” Opt. Lett. 37(6), 1020–1022 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Zhang, J. Seo, W. Zhou, and Z. Ma, “Fast flexible electronics using transferrable silicon nanomembranes (Topical Review),” J. Phys. D. 45(14), 143001 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Ok, H. Youn, M. Kwak, K. Lee, Y. Shin, L. Guo, A. Greenwald, and Y. Liu, “Continuous and scalable fabrication of flexible metamaterial films via roll-to-roll nanoimprint process for broadband plasmonic infrared filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 223102 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Fan, L. T. Varghese, Y. Xuan, J. Wang, B. Niu, and M. Qi, “Direct fabrication of silicon photonic devices on a flexible platform and its application for strain sensing,” Opt. Express 20(18), 20564–20575 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Ge, X. Wang, H. Chen, K. Qiu, and S. Fu, “Flexible subwavelength gratings fabricated by reversal soft UV nanoimprint,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 10(9), 090502–090505 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Cherenack, K. V. Os, and L. V. Pieterson, “Smart photonic textiles begin to weave their magic,” Laser Focus World 48, 63–66 (2012).

Y. Chen, H. Li, and M. Li, “Flexible and tunable silicon photonic circuits on plastic substrates,” Sci Rep 2, 622 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2011 (11)

Z. Yu, X. Niu, Z. Liu, and Q. Pei, “Intrinsically stretchable polymer light-emitting devices using carbon nanotube-polymer composite electrodes,” Adv. Mater. 23(34), 3989–3994 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yoon, L. Li, A. V. Semichaevsky, J. H. Ryu, H. T. Johnson, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible concentrator photovoltaics based on microscale silicon solar cells embedded in luminescent waveguides,” Nat Commun 2, 343 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ma, Y. S. Kim, R. H. Kim, S. Wang, J. Wu, S. M. Won, H. Tao, A. Islam, K. J. Yu, T. I. Kim, R. Chowdhury, M. Ying, L. Xu, M. Li, H. J. Chung, H. Keum, M. McCormick, P. Liu, Y. W. Zhang, F. G. Omenetto, Y. Huang, T. Coleman, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal electronics,” Science 333(6044), 838–843 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Ma, “Materials science:An electronic second skin,” Science 333(6044), 830–831 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Lu, L. Chiu, P. Lin, and P. Lee, “One-dimensional photonic crystal nanobeam lasers on a flexible substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(7), 071101 (2011).
[Crossref]

J. A. Rogers, M. G. Lagally, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Synthesis, assembly and applications of semiconductor nanomembranes,” Nature 477(7362), 45–53 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Chanda, K. Shigeta, S. Gupta, T. Cain, A. Carlson, A. Mihi, A. J. Baca, G. R. Bogart, P. Braun, and J. A. Rogers, “Large-area flexible 3D optical negative index metamaterial formed by nanotransfer printing,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(7), 402–407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. J. Zablocki, A. Sharkawy, O. Ebil, and D. W. Prather, “Nanomembrane transfer process for intricate photonic device applications,” Opt. Lett. 36(1), 58–60 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ghaffari, Y. S. Kim, S. P. Lee, L. Xu, J. Wu, R. H. Kim, J. Song, Z. Liu, J. Viventi, B. de Graff, B. Elolampi, M. Mansour, M. J. Slepian, S. Hwang, J. D. Moss, S. M. Won, Y. Huang, B. Litt, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials for multifunctional balloon catheters with capabilities in cardiac electrophysiological mapping and ablation therapy,” Nat. Mater. 10(4), 316–323 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Aksu, M. Huang, A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, S. Selvarasah, M. R. Dokmeci, and H. Altug, “Flexible Plasmonics on Unconventional and Nonplanar Substrates,” Adv. Mater. 23(38), 4422–4430 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Horak, W. Stewart, and W. H. Loh, “Continuously tunable optical buffer with a dual silicon waveguide design,” Opt. Express 19(13), 12456–12461 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (8)

I. M. Pryce, K. Aydin, Y. A. Kelaita, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Highly strained compliant optical metamaterials with large frequency tunability,” Nano Lett. 10(10), 4222–4227 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Carlie, J. D. Musgraves, B. Zdyrko, I. Luzinov, J. Hu, V. Singh, A. Agarwal, L. C. Kimerling, A. Canciamilla, F. Morichetti, A. Melloni, and K. Richardson, “Integrated chalcogenide waveguide resonators for mid-IR sensing: Leveraging material properties to meet fabrication challenges,” Opt. Express 18(25), 26728–26743 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Ghaffari, A. Hosseini, X. Xu, D. Kwong, H. Subbaraman, and R. T. Chen, “Transfer of micro and nano-photonic silicon nanomembrane waveguide devices on flexible substrates,” Opt. Express 18(19), 20086–20095 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Sun, G. Qin, G. K. Celler, W. Zhou, and Z. Ma, “12-GHz thin-film transistors with transferrable silicon nanomembranes for high-performance massive flexible electronics,” Small 6, 2553–2557 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Yang, H. Yang, G. Qin, Z. Ma, J. Berggren, M. Hammar, R. Soref, and W. Zhou, “Large-area InP-based crystalline nanomembrane flexible photodetectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 121107 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Clark and G. Lanzani, “Organic photonics for communications,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 438–446 (2010).
[Crossref]

K. J. Kim, J. W. Kim, M. C. Oh, Y. O. Noh, and H. J. Lee, “Flexible polymer waveguide tunable lasers,” Opt. Express 18(8), 8392–8399 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Bosman, G. Van Steenberge, B. Van Hoe, J. Missinne, J. Vanfleteren, and P. Van Daele, “Highly Reliable Flexible Active Optical Links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(5), 287–289 (2010).
[Crossref]

2009 (3)

2008 (10)

J. Hu, N. Carlie, N. N. Feng, L. Petit, A. Agarwal, K. Richardson, and L. C. Kimerling, “Planar waveguide-coupled, high-index-contrast, high-Q resonators in chalcogenide glass for sensing,” Opt. Lett. 33(21), 2500–2502 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Qiang, H. Yang, L. Chen, H. Pang, Z. Ma, and W. Zhou, “Fano filters based on transferred silicon nanomembranes on plastic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061106 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Yang, Z. Qiang, H. Pang, Z. Ma, and W. D. Zhou, “Surface-normal fano filters based on transferred silicon nanomembranes on glass substrates,” Electron. Lett. 44(14), 858–859 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. Kim and J. A. Rogers, “Stretchable electronics: Materials strategies and devices,” Adv. Mater. 20(24), 4887–4892 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C.-J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “A hemispherical electronic eye camera based on compressible silicon optoelectronics,” Nature 454(7205), 748–753 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yoon, A. J. Baca, S. I. Park, P. Elvikis, J. B. Geddes, L. Li, R. H. Kim, J. Xiao, S. Wang, T. H. Kim, M. J. Motala, B. Y. Ahn, E. B. Duoss, J. A. Lewis, R. G. Nuzzo, P. M. Ferreira, Y. Huang, A. Rockett, and J. A. Rogers, “Ultrathin silicon solar microcells for semitransparent, mechanically flexible and microconcentrator module designs,” Nat. Mater. 7(11), 907–915 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ahn and L. Guo, “High-speed roll-to-roll nanoimprint lithography on flexible plastic substrates,” Adv. Mater. 20(11), 2044–2049 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. H. Kim, J. H. Ahn, W. M. Choi, H. S. Kim, T. H. Kim, J. Song, Y. Y. Huang, Z. Liu, C. Lu, and J. A. Rogers, “Stretchable and foldable silicon integrated circuits,” Science 320(5875), 507–511 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Maeda and Y. Hashiguchi, “Flexible film waveguides with excellent bending properties,” Proc. SPIE 6899, 68990D, 68990D-8 (2008).
[Crossref]

K. J. Kim, J. K. Seo, and M. C. Oh, “Strain induced tunable wavelength filters based on flexible polymer waveguide Bragg reflector,” Opt. Express 16(3), 1423–1430 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2007 (5)

S. Furumi, H. Fudouzi, H. Miyazaki, and Y. Sakka, “Flexible polymer colloidal -crystal lasers with a light-emitting planar defect,” Adv. Mater. 19(16), 2067–2072 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Taillaert, W. Paepegem, J. Vlekken, and R. Baets, “A thin foil optical strain gage based on silicon-oninsulator microresonators,” Proc. SPIE 6619, 661914, 661914-4 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Hines, V. Ballarotto, E. Williams, Y. Shao, and S. Solin, “Transfer printing methods for the fabrication of flexible organic electronics,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(2), 024503 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. C. Yuan, G. K. Celler, and Z. Ma, “7.8-GHz flexible thin-film transistors on a low-temperature plastic substrate,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(3), 034501 (2007).
[Crossref]

S. A. Scott and M. G. Lagally, “Elastically strain-sharing nanomembranes: flexible and transferable strained silicon and silicon–germanium alloys,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 40(4), R75–R92 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (7)

J. E. Bowers, H. Park, A. W. Fang, O. Cohen, R. Jones, and M. Paniccia, “Design and fabrication of optically pumped hybrid silicon-AlGaInAs evanescent lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(6), 1657–1663 (2006).
[Crossref]

L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. C. Yuan and Z. Ma, “Microwave thin-film transistors using Si nanomembranes on flexible polymer substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(21), 212105 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. C. Yuan, Z. Ma, M. M. Roberts, D. E. Savage, and M. G. Lagally, “High-speed strained-single-crystal-silicon thin-film transistors on flexible polymers,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(1), 013708 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Mack, M. A. Meitl, A. J. Baca, Z. T. Zhu, and J. A. Rogers, “Mechanically flexible thin-film transistors that use ultrathin ribbons of silicon derived from bulk wafers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(21), 213101 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. A. Meitl, Z. T. Zhu, V. Kumar, K. J. Lee, X. Feng, Y. Y. Huang, I. Adesida, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Transfer printing by kinetic control of adhesion to an elastomeric stamp,” Nat. Mater. 5(1), 33–38 (2006).
[Crossref]

L. Zhou, A. Wanga, S. Wu, J. Sun, S. Park, and T. Jackson, “All-organic active matrix flexible display,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(8), 083502 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (3)

K. S. Novoselov, D. Jiang, F. Schedin, T. J. Booth, V. V. Khotkevich, S. V. Morozov, and A. K. Geim, “Two-dimensional atomic crystals,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102(30), 10451–10453 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Park, A. Fang, S. Kodama, and J. Bowers, “Hybrid silicon evanescent laser fabricated with a silicon waveguide and III-V offset quantum wells,” Opt. Express 13(23), 9460–9464 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

B. Bhola, H. Song, H. Tazawa, and W. Steier, “Polymer microresonator strain sensors,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(4), 867–869 (2005).
[Crossref]

2004 (3)

C. Choi, L. Lin, Y. Liu, J. Choi, L. Wang, D. Haas, J. Magera, and R. T. Chen, “Flexible optical waveguide film fabrications and optoelectronic devices integration for fully embedded board-level optical interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(9), 2168–2176 (2004).
[Crossref]

Y. Huang, G. Paloczi, A. Yariv, C. Zhang, and L. Dalton, “Fabrication and replication of polymer integrated optical devices using electron-beam lithography and soft lithography,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(25), 8606–8613 (2004).
[Crossref]

W. Park and J. Lee, “Mechanically tunable photonic crystal structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(21), 4845–4847 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

G. Paloczi, Y. Huang, and A. Yariv, “Free-standing all-polymer microring resonator optical filter,” Electron. Lett. 39(23), 1650–1651 (2003).
[Crossref]

H. Song, M. Oh, S. Ahn, W. Steier, H. R. Fetterman, and C. Zhang, “Flexible low voltage electro-optic polymer modulators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(25), 4432–4434 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (3)

C. Hsueh, “Modeling of elastic deformation of multilayers due to residual stresses and external bending,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(12), 9652–9656 (2002).
[Crossref]

H. Ma, A. K.-Y. Jen, and L. Dalton, “Polymer-based optical waveguides: materials, processing, and devices,” Adv. Mater. 14(19), 1339–1365 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Kim, C. Florea, K. A. Winick, and M. McCoy, “Design and fabrication of low-loss hydrogenated amorphous silicon overlay DBR for glass waveguide devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(6), 1307–1315 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (4)

D. P. Birnie, “Rational solvent selection strategies to combat striation formation during spin coating of thin films,” J. Mater. Res. 16(04), 1145–1154 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. A. Rogers, Z. Bao, K. Baldwin, A. Dodabalapur, B. Crone, V. R. Raju, V. Kuck, H. Katz, K. Amundson, J. Ewing, and P. Drzaic, “Paper-like electronic displays: Large-area rubber-stamped plastic sheets of electronics and microencapsulated electrophoretic inks,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98(9), 4835–4840 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. G. Schmidt and K. Eberl, “Nanotechnology. Thin solid films roll up into nanotubes,” Nature 410(6825), 168 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. C. Martinez-Anton, H. Canabal, J. A. Quiroga, E. Bernabeu, M. A. Labajo, and V. C. Testillano, “Enhancement of surface inspection by Moiré interferometry using flexible reference gratings,” Opt. Express 8(12), 649–654 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1981 (1)

S. Shibata, M. Horiguchi, K. Jinguji, S. Mitachi, T. Kanamori, and T. Manabe, “Prediction of loss minima in infra-red optical fibers,” Electron. Lett. 17(21), 775–777 (1981).
[Crossref]

Adesida, I.

M. A. Meitl, Z. T. Zhu, V. Kumar, K. J. Lee, X. Feng, Y. Y. Huang, I. Adesida, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Transfer printing by kinetic control of adhesion to an elastomeric stamp,” Nat. Mater. 5(1), 33–38 (2006).
[Crossref]

Agarwal, A.

Ahn, B. Y.

J. Yoon, A. J. Baca, S. I. Park, P. Elvikis, J. B. Geddes, L. Li, R. H. Kim, J. Xiao, S. Wang, T. H. Kim, M. J. Motala, B. Y. Ahn, E. B. Duoss, J. A. Lewis, R. G. Nuzzo, P. M. Ferreira, Y. Huang, A. Rockett, and J. A. Rogers, “Ultrathin silicon solar microcells for semitransparent, mechanically flexible and microconcentrator module designs,” Nat. Mater. 7(11), 907–915 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ahn, J. H.

D. H. Kim, J. H. Ahn, W. M. Choi, H. S. Kim, T. H. Kim, J. Song, Y. Y. Huang, Z. Liu, C. Lu, and J. A. Rogers, “Stretchable and foldable silicon integrated circuits,” Science 320(5875), 507–511 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ahn, S.

S. Ahn and L. Guo, “High-speed roll-to-roll nanoimprint lithography on flexible plastic substrates,” Adv. Mater. 20(11), 2044–2049 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Song, M. Oh, S. Ahn, W. Steier, H. R. Fetterman, and C. Zhang, “Flexible low voltage electro-optic polymer modulators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(25), 4432–4434 (2003).
[Crossref]

Aksu, S.

S. Aksu, M. Huang, A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, S. Selvarasah, M. R. Dokmeci, and H. Altug, “Flexible Plasmonics on Unconventional and Nonplanar Substrates,” Adv. Mater. 23(38), 4422–4430 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Al-Hasani, R.

T. I. Kim, J. G. McCall, Y. H. Jung, X. Huang, E. R. Siuda, Y. Li, J. Song, Y. M. Song, H. A. Pao, R. H. Kim, C. Lu, S. D. Lee, I. S. Song, G. Shin, R. Al-Hasani, S. Kim, M. P. Tan, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, J. A. Rogers, and M. R. Bruchas, “Injectable, cellular-scale optoelectronics with applications for wireless optogenetics,” Science 340(6129), 211–216 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Altug, H.

S. Aksu, M. Huang, A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, S. Selvarasah, M. R. Dokmeci, and H. Altug, “Flexible Plasmonics on Unconventional and Nonplanar Substrates,” Adv. Mater. 23(38), 4422–4430 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Amb, C.

B. Swatowski, C. Amb, S. Breed, D. Deshazer, W. Ken Weidner, R. Dangel, N. Meier, and B. Offrein, “Flexible, stable, and easily processable optical silicones for low loss polymer waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 8622, 8622–8624 (2013).
[Crossref]

Ameen, A.

S. W. Hwang, H. Tao, D. H. Kim, H. Cheng, J. K. Song, E. Rill, M. A. Brenckle, B. Panilaitis, S. M. Won, Y. S. Kim, Y. M. Song, K. J. Yu, A. Ameen, R. Li, Y. Su, M. Yang, D. L. Kaplan, M. R. Zakin, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “A physically transient form of silicon electronics,” Science 337(6102), 1640–1644 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Amundson, K.

J. A. Rogers, Z. Bao, K. Baldwin, A. Dodabalapur, B. Crone, V. R. Raju, V. Kuck, H. Katz, K. Amundson, J. Ewing, and P. Drzaic, “Paper-like electronic displays: Large-area rubber-stamped plastic sheets of electronics and microencapsulated electrophoretic inks,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98(9), 4835–4840 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Arnold, C.

Y. Zha, S. Fingerman, S. Cantrell, and C. Arnold, “Pore formation and removal in solution-processed amorphous arsenic sulfide films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 369, 11–16 (2013).
[Crossref]

Artar, A.

S. Aksu, M. Huang, A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, S. Selvarasah, M. R. Dokmeci, and H. Altug, “Flexible Plasmonics on Unconventional and Nonplanar Substrates,” Adv. Mater. 23(38), 4422–4430 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Atalar, A.

Atwater, H. A.

I. M. Pryce, K. Aydin, Y. A. Kelaita, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Highly strained compliant optical metamaterials with large frequency tunability,” Nano Lett. 10(10), 4222–4227 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aydin, K.

I. M. Pryce, K. Aydin, Y. A. Kelaita, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Highly strained compliant optical metamaterials with large frequency tunability,” Nano Lett. 10(10), 4222–4227 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aydinli, A.

Baca, A. J.

D. Chanda, K. Shigeta, S. Gupta, T. Cain, A. Carlson, A. Mihi, A. J. Baca, G. R. Bogart, P. Braun, and J. A. Rogers, “Large-area flexible 3D optical negative index metamaterial formed by nanotransfer printing,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(7), 402–407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yoon, A. J. Baca, S. I. Park, P. Elvikis, J. B. Geddes, L. Li, R. H. Kim, J. Xiao, S. Wang, T. H. Kim, M. J. Motala, B. Y. Ahn, E. B. Duoss, J. A. Lewis, R. G. Nuzzo, P. M. Ferreira, Y. Huang, A. Rockett, and J. A. Rogers, “Ultrathin silicon solar microcells for semitransparent, mechanically flexible and microconcentrator module designs,” Nat. Mater. 7(11), 907–915 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Mack, M. A. Meitl, A. J. Baca, Z. T. Zhu, and J. A. Rogers, “Mechanically flexible thin-film transistors that use ultrathin ribbons of silicon derived from bulk wafers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(21), 213101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Baets, R.

D. Taillaert, W. Paepegem, J. Vlekken, and R. Baets, “A thin foil optical strain gage based on silicon-oninsulator microresonators,” Proc. SPIE 6619, 661914, 661914-4 (2007).
[Crossref]

Baks, C.

L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Baldwin, K.

J. A. Rogers, Z. Bao, K. Baldwin, A. Dodabalapur, B. Crone, V. R. Raju, V. Kuck, H. Katz, K. Amundson, J. Ewing, and P. Drzaic, “Paper-like electronic displays: Large-area rubber-stamped plastic sheets of electronics and microencapsulated electrophoretic inks,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98(9), 4835–4840 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ballarotto, V.

D. Hines, V. Ballarotto, E. Williams, Y. Shao, and S. Solin, “Transfer printing methods for the fabrication of flexible organic electronics,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(2), 024503 (2007).
[Crossref]

Bao, Z.

J. A. Rogers, Z. Bao, K. Baldwin, A. Dodabalapur, B. Crone, V. R. Raju, V. Kuck, H. Katz, K. Amundson, J. Ewing, and P. Drzaic, “Paper-like electronic displays: Large-area rubber-stamped plastic sheets of electronics and microencapsulated electrophoretic inks,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98(9), 4835–4840 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Berggren, J.

W. Yang, H. Yang, G. Qin, Z. Ma, J. Berggren, M. Hammar, R. Soref, and W. Zhou, “Large-area InP-based crystalline nanomembrane flexible photodetectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 121107 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bernabeu, E.

Bhola, B.

B. Bhola, H. Song, H. Tazawa, and W. Steier, “Polymer microresonator strain sensors,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(4), 867–869 (2005).
[Crossref]

Birnie, D. P.

D. P. Birnie, “Rational solvent selection strategies to combat striation formation during spin coating of thin films,” J. Mater. Res. 16(04), 1145–1154 (2001).
[Crossref]

Blaser, M.

D. Guidotti, Y. Jianjun, M. Blaser, V. Grundlehner, and G. Chang, “Edge viewing photodetectors for strictly in-plane lightwave circuit integration and flexible optical interconnects,” in Proceedings of 56th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (IEEE, 2006), pp. 782–788.
[Crossref]

Bogart, G. R.

D. Chanda, K. Shigeta, S. Gupta, T. Cain, A. Carlson, A. Mihi, A. J. Baca, G. R. Bogart, P. Braun, and J. A. Rogers, “Large-area flexible 3D optical negative index metamaterial formed by nanotransfer printing,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(7), 402–407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Booth, T. J.

K. S. Novoselov, D. Jiang, F. Schedin, T. J. Booth, V. V. Khotkevich, S. V. Morozov, and A. K. Geim, “Two-dimensional atomic crystals,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102(30), 10451–10453 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bosman, E.

E. Bosman, G. Van Steenberge, B. Van Hoe, J. Missinne, J. Vanfleteren, and P. Van Daele, “Highly Reliable Flexible Active Optical Links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(5), 287–289 (2010).
[Crossref]

Bossuyt, F.

R. Verplancke, F. Bossuyt, D. Cuypers, and J. Vanfleteren, “Thin-film stretchable electronics technology based on meandering interconnections: fabrication and mechanical performance,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 22(1), 015002 (2012).
[Crossref]

Bour, D.

L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bowers, J.

Bowers, J. E.

J. E. Bowers, H. Park, A. W. Fang, O. Cohen, R. Jones, and M. Paniccia, “Design and fabrication of optically pumped hybrid silicon-AlGaInAs evanescent lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(6), 1657–1663 (2006).
[Crossref]

Bradley, J. D.

Braun, P.

D. Chanda, K. Shigeta, S. Gupta, T. Cain, A. Carlson, A. Mihi, A. J. Baca, G. R. Bogart, P. Braun, and J. A. Rogers, “Large-area flexible 3D optical negative index metamaterial formed by nanotransfer printing,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(7), 402–407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Breed, S.

B. Swatowski, C. Amb, S. Breed, D. Deshazer, W. Ken Weidner, R. Dangel, N. Meier, and B. Offrein, “Flexible, stable, and easily processable optical silicones for low loss polymer waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 8622, 8622–8624 (2013).
[Crossref]

Brenckle, M. A.

S. W. Hwang, H. Tao, D. H. Kim, H. Cheng, J. K. Song, E. Rill, M. A. Brenckle, B. Panilaitis, S. M. Won, Y. S. Kim, Y. M. Song, K. J. Yu, A. Ameen, R. Li, Y. Su, M. Yang, D. L. Kaplan, M. R. Zakin, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “A physically transient form of silicon electronics,” Science 337(6102), 1640–1644 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Briggs, R. M.

I. M. Pryce, K. Aydin, Y. A. Kelaita, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Highly strained compliant optical metamaterials with large frequency tunability,” Nano Lett. 10(10), 4222–4227 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bruchas, M. R.

T. I. Kim, J. G. McCall, Y. H. Jung, X. Huang, E. R. Siuda, Y. Li, J. Song, Y. M. Song, H. A. Pao, R. H. Kim, C. Lu, S. D. Lee, I. S. Song, G. Shin, R. Al-Hasani, S. Kim, M. P. Tan, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, J. A. Rogers, and M. R. Bruchas, “Injectable, cellular-scale optoelectronics with applications for wireless optogenetics,” Science 340(6129), 211–216 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Budd, R.

L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Burgess, I. B.

Cain, T.

D. Chanda, K. Shigeta, S. Gupta, T. Cain, A. Carlson, A. Mihi, A. J. Baca, G. R. Bogart, P. Braun, and J. A. Rogers, “Large-area flexible 3D optical negative index metamaterial formed by nanotransfer printing,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(7), 402–407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Canabal, H.

Canciamilla, A.

Cantrell, S.

Y. Zha, S. Fingerman, S. Cantrell, and C. Arnold, “Pore formation and removal in solution-processed amorphous arsenic sulfide films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 369, 11–16 (2013).
[Crossref]

Carlie, N.

Carlson, A.

D. Chanda, K. Shigeta, S. Gupta, T. Cain, A. Carlson, A. Mihi, A. J. Baca, G. R. Bogart, P. Braun, and J. A. Rogers, “Large-area flexible 3D optical negative index metamaterial formed by nanotransfer printing,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(7), 402–407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Celler, G. K.

H. Zhou, J.-H. Seo, D. M. Paskiewicz, Y. Zhu, G. K. Celler, P. M. Voyles, W. Zhou, M. G. Lagally, and Z. Ma, “Fast flexible electronics with strained silicon nanomembranes,” Sci Rep 3, 1291 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Sun, G. Qin, G. K. Celler, W. Zhou, and Z. Ma, “12-GHz thin-film transistors with transferrable silicon nanomembranes for high-performance massive flexible electronics,” Small 6, 2553–2557 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. C. Yuan, G. K. Celler, and Z. Ma, “7.8-GHz flexible thin-film transistors on a low-temperature plastic substrate,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(3), 034501 (2007).
[Crossref]

Chanda, D.

D. Chanda, K. Shigeta, S. Gupta, T. Cain, A. Carlson, A. Mihi, A. J. Baca, G. R. Bogart, P. Braun, and J. A. Rogers, “Large-area flexible 3D optical negative index metamaterial formed by nanotransfer printing,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(7), 402–407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chang, G.

D. Guidotti, Y. Jianjun, M. Blaser, V. Grundlehner, and G. Chang, “Edge viewing photodetectors for strictly in-plane lightwave circuit integration and flexible optical interconnects,” in Proceedings of 56th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (IEEE, 2006), pp. 782–788.
[Crossref]

Chen, H.

Chen, L.

L. Chen, Z. Qiang, H. Yang, H. Pang, Z. Ma, and W. D. Zhou, “Polarization and angular dependent transmissions on transferred nanomembrane Fano filters,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8396–8406 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Zhou, Z. Ma, H. Yang, Z. Qiang, G. Qin, H. Pang, L. Chen, W. Yang, S. Chuwongin, and D. Zhao, “Flexible photonic-crystal Fano filters based on transferred semiconductor nanomembranes,” J. Phys. D 42(23), 234007 (2009).
[Crossref]

Z. Qiang, H. Yang, L. Chen, H. Pang, Z. Ma, and W. Zhou, “Fano filters based on transferred silicon nanomembranes on plastic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061106 (2008).
[Crossref]

Chen, R. T.

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, H. Li, and M. Li, “Flexible and tunable silicon photonic circuits on plastic substrates,” Sci Rep 2, 622 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cheng, H.

S. W. Hwang, H. Tao, D. H. Kim, H. Cheng, J. K. Song, E. Rill, M. A. Brenckle, B. Panilaitis, S. M. Won, Y. S. Kim, Y. M. Song, K. J. Yu, A. Ameen, R. Li, Y. Su, M. Yang, D. L. Kaplan, M. R. Zakin, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “A physically transient form of silicon electronics,” Science 337(6102), 1640–1644 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cherenack, K.

K. Cherenack, K. V. Os, and L. V. Pieterson, “Smart photonic textiles begin to weave their magic,” Laser Focus World 48, 63–66 (2012).

Chiniwalla, P.

L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chiu, L.

T. Lu, L. Chiu, P. Lin, and P. Lee, “One-dimensional photonic crystal nanobeam lasers on a flexible substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(7), 071101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Choi, C.

Choi, J.

Choi, K. J.

Y. M. Song, Y. Xie, V. Malyarchuk, J. Xiao, I. Jung, K. J. Choi, Z. Liu, H. Park, C. Lu, R. H. Kim, R. Li, K. B. Crozier, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye,” Nature 497(7447), 95–99 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choi, W. M.

D. H. Kim, J. H. Ahn, W. M. Choi, H. S. Kim, T. H. Kim, J. Song, Y. Y. Huang, Z. Liu, C. Lu, and J. A. Rogers, “Stretchable and foldable silicon integrated circuits,” Science 320(5875), 507–511 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C.-J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “A hemispherical electronic eye camera based on compressible silicon optoelectronics,” Nature 454(7205), 748–753 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chowdhury, R.

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ma, Y. S. Kim, R. H. Kim, S. Wang, J. Wu, S. M. Won, H. Tao, A. Islam, K. J. Yu, T. I. Kim, R. Chowdhury, M. Ying, L. Xu, M. Li, H. J. Chung, H. Keum, M. McCormick, P. Liu, Y. W. Zhang, F. G. Omenetto, Y. Huang, T. Coleman, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal electronics,” Science 333(6044), 838–843 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Choy, J. T.

Chung, H. J.

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ma, Y. S. Kim, R. H. Kim, S. Wang, J. Wu, S. M. Won, H. Tao, A. Islam, K. J. Yu, T. I. Kim, R. Chowdhury, M. Ying, L. Xu, M. Li, H. J. Chung, H. Keum, M. McCormick, P. Liu, Y. W. Zhang, F. G. Omenetto, Y. Huang, T. Coleman, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal electronics,” Science 333(6044), 838–843 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chuwongin, S.

W. Zhou, Z. Ma, H. Yang, Z. Qiang, G. Qin, H. Pang, L. Chen, W. Yang, S. Chuwongin, and D. Zhao, “Flexible photonic-crystal Fano filters based on transferred semiconductor nanomembranes,” J. Phys. D 42(23), 234007 (2009).
[Crossref]

Clark, J.

J. Clark and G. Lanzani, “Organic photonics for communications,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 438–446 (2010).
[Crossref]

Cohen, O.

J. E. Bowers, H. Park, A. W. Fang, O. Cohen, R. Jones, and M. Paniccia, “Design and fabrication of optically pumped hybrid silicon-AlGaInAs evanescent lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(6), 1657–1663 (2006).
[Crossref]

Coleman, T.

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ma, Y. S. Kim, R. H. Kim, S. Wang, J. Wu, S. M. Won, H. Tao, A. Islam, K. J. Yu, T. I. Kim, R. Chowdhury, M. Ying, L. Xu, M. Li, H. J. Chung, H. Keum, M. McCormick, P. Liu, Y. W. Zhang, F. G. Omenetto, Y. Huang, T. Coleman, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal electronics,” Science 333(6044), 838–843 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Crone, B.

J. A. Rogers, Z. Bao, K. Baldwin, A. Dodabalapur, B. Crone, V. R. Raju, V. Kuck, H. Katz, K. Amundson, J. Ewing, and P. Drzaic, “Paper-like electronic displays: Large-area rubber-stamped plastic sheets of electronics and microencapsulated electrophoretic inks,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98(9), 4835–4840 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Crozier, K. B.

Y. M. Song, Y. Xie, V. Malyarchuk, J. Xiao, I. Jung, K. J. Choi, Z. Liu, H. Park, C. Lu, R. H. Kim, R. Li, K. B. Crozier, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye,” Nature 497(7447), 95–99 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cuypers, D.

R. Verplancke, F. Bossuyt, D. Cuypers, and J. Vanfleteren, “Thin-film stretchable electronics technology based on meandering interconnections: fabrication and mechanical performance,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 22(1), 015002 (2012).
[Crossref]

Dalton, L.

Y. Huang, G. Paloczi, A. Yariv, C. Zhang, and L. Dalton, “Fabrication and replication of polymer integrated optical devices using electron-beam lithography and soft lithography,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(25), 8606–8613 (2004).
[Crossref]

H. Ma, A. K.-Y. Jen, and L. Dalton, “Polymer-based optical waveguides: materials, processing, and devices,” Adv. Mater. 14(19), 1339–1365 (2002).
[Crossref]

Dangel, R.

B. Swatowski, C. Amb, S. Breed, D. Deshazer, W. Ken Weidner, R. Dangel, N. Meier, and B. Offrein, “Flexible, stable, and easily processable optical silicones for low loss polymer waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 8622, 8622–8624 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Danto, S.

H. Lin, L. Li, Y. Zou, O. Ogbuu, S. Danto, J. D. Musgraves, K. Richardson, and J. Hu, “Chalcogenide glass planar photonics: from mid-IR sensing to 3-D flexible substrate integration,” Proc. SPIE 8600, 8600–8620 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Zou, H. Lin, O. Ogbuu, L. Li, S. Danto, S. Novak, J. Novak, J. D. Musgraves, K. Richardson, and J. Hu, “Effect of annealing conditions on the physio-chemical properties of spin-coated As2Se3 chalcogenide glass films,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(12), 1723–1732 (2012).
[Crossref]

de Graff, B.

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ghaffari, Y. S. Kim, S. P. Lee, L. Xu, J. Wu, R. H. Kim, J. Song, Z. Liu, J. Viventi, B. de Graff, B. Elolampi, M. Mansour, M. J. Slepian, S. Hwang, J. D. Moss, S. M. Won, Y. Huang, B. Litt, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials for multifunctional balloon catheters with capabilities in cardiac electrophysiological mapping and ablation therapy,” Nat. Mater. 10(4), 316–323 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

de Leon, N.

C. L. Yu, H. Kim, N. de Leon, I. W. Frank, J. T. Robinson, M. McCutcheon, M. Liu, M. D. Lukin, M. Loncar, and H. Park, “Stretchable photonic crystal cavity with wide frequency tunability,” Nano Lett. 13(1), 248–252 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Deotare, P. B.

Deshazer, D.

B. Swatowski, C. Amb, S. Breed, D. Deshazer, W. Ken Weidner, R. Dangel, N. Meier, and B. Offrein, “Flexible, stable, and easily processable optical silicones for low loss polymer waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 8622, 8622–8624 (2013).
[Crossref]

Doany, F.

L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Dodabalapur, A.

J. A. Rogers, Z. Bao, K. Baldwin, A. Dodabalapur, B. Crone, V. R. Raju, V. Kuck, H. Katz, K. Amundson, J. Ewing, and P. Drzaic, “Paper-like electronic displays: Large-area rubber-stamped plastic sheets of electronics and microencapsulated electrophoretic inks,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98(9), 4835–4840 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dokmeci, M. R.

S. Aksu, M. Huang, A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, S. Selvarasah, M. R. Dokmeci, and H. Altug, “Flexible Plasmonics on Unconventional and Nonplanar Substrates,” Adv. Mater. 23(38), 4422–4430 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dolfi, D.

L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Drzaic, P.

J. A. Rogers, Z. Bao, K. Baldwin, A. Dodabalapur, B. Crone, V. R. Raju, V. Kuck, H. Katz, K. Amundson, J. Ewing, and P. Drzaic, “Paper-like electronic displays: Large-area rubber-stamped plastic sheets of electronics and microencapsulated electrophoretic inks,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98(9), 4835–4840 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Duoss, E. B.

J. Yoon, A. J. Baca, S. I. Park, P. Elvikis, J. B. Geddes, L. Li, R. H. Kim, J. Xiao, S. Wang, T. H. Kim, M. J. Motala, B. Y. Ahn, E. B. Duoss, J. A. Lewis, R. G. Nuzzo, P. M. Ferreira, Y. Huang, A. Rockett, and J. A. Rogers, “Ultrathin silicon solar microcells for semitransparent, mechanically flexible and microconcentrator module designs,” Nat. Mater. 7(11), 907–915 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Eberl, K.

O. G. Schmidt and K. Eberl, “Nanotechnology. Thin solid films roll up into nanotubes,” Nature 410(6825), 168 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ebil, O.

Elolampi, B.

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ghaffari, Y. S. Kim, S. P. Lee, L. Xu, J. Wu, R. H. Kim, J. Song, Z. Liu, J. Viventi, B. de Graff, B. Elolampi, M. Mansour, M. J. Slepian, S. Hwang, J. D. Moss, S. M. Won, Y. Huang, B. Litt, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials for multifunctional balloon catheters with capabilities in cardiac electrophysiological mapping and ablation therapy,” Nat. Mater. 10(4), 316–323 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Elvikis, P.

J. Yoon, A. J. Baca, S. I. Park, P. Elvikis, J. B. Geddes, L. Li, R. H. Kim, J. Xiao, S. Wang, T. H. Kim, M. J. Motala, B. Y. Ahn, E. B. Duoss, J. A. Lewis, R. G. Nuzzo, P. M. Ferreira, Y. Huang, A. Rockett, and J. A. Rogers, “Ultrathin silicon solar microcells for semitransparent, mechanically flexible and microconcentrator module designs,” Nat. Mater. 7(11), 907–915 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ertas, G.

Evans, C. C.

Ewing, J.

J. A. Rogers, Z. Bao, K. Baldwin, A. Dodabalapur, B. Crone, V. R. Raju, V. Kuck, H. Katz, K. Amundson, J. Ewing, and P. Drzaic, “Paper-like electronic displays: Large-area rubber-stamped plastic sheets of electronics and microencapsulated electrophoretic inks,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98(9), 4835–4840 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fan, L.

Fang, A.

Fang, A. W.

J. E. Bowers, H. Park, A. W. Fang, O. Cohen, R. Jones, and M. Paniccia, “Design and fabrication of optically pumped hybrid silicon-AlGaInAs evanescent lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(6), 1657–1663 (2006).
[Crossref]

Feng, N. N.

Feng, X.

M. A. Meitl, Z. T. Zhu, V. Kumar, K. J. Lee, X. Feng, Y. Y. Huang, I. Adesida, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Transfer printing by kinetic control of adhesion to an elastomeric stamp,” Nat. Mater. 5(1), 33–38 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ferreira, P. M.

J. Yoon, A. J. Baca, S. I. Park, P. Elvikis, J. B. Geddes, L. Li, R. H. Kim, J. Xiao, S. Wang, T. H. Kim, M. J. Motala, B. Y. Ahn, E. B. Duoss, J. A. Lewis, R. G. Nuzzo, P. M. Ferreira, Y. Huang, A. Rockett, and J. A. Rogers, “Ultrathin silicon solar microcells for semitransparent, mechanically flexible and microconcentrator module designs,” Nat. Mater. 7(11), 907–915 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fetterman, H. R.

H. Song, M. Oh, S. Ahn, W. Steier, H. R. Fetterman, and C. Zhang, “Flexible low voltage electro-optic polymer modulators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(25), 4432–4434 (2003).
[Crossref]

Fingerman, S.

Y. Zha, S. Fingerman, S. Cantrell, and C. Arnold, “Pore formation and removal in solution-processed amorphous arsenic sulfide films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 369, 11–16 (2013).
[Crossref]

Florea, C.

J. Kim, C. Florea, K. A. Winick, and M. McCoy, “Design and fabrication of low-loss hydrogenated amorphous silicon overlay DBR for glass waveguide devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(6), 1307–1315 (2002).
[Crossref]

Frank, I. W.

C. L. Yu, H. Kim, N. de Leon, I. W. Frank, J. T. Robinson, M. McCutcheon, M. Liu, M. D. Lukin, M. Loncar, and H. Park, “Stretchable photonic crystal cavity with wide frequency tunability,” Nano Lett. 13(1), 248–252 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Fu, S.

Fudouzi, H.

S. Furumi, H. Fudouzi, H. Miyazaki, and Y. Sakka, “Flexible polymer colloidal -crystal lasers with a light-emitting planar defect,” Adv. Mater. 19(16), 2067–2072 (2007).
[Crossref]

Furumi, S.

S. Furumi, H. Fudouzi, H. Miyazaki, and Y. Sakka, “Flexible polymer colloidal -crystal lasers with a light-emitting planar defect,” Adv. Mater. 19(16), 2067–2072 (2007).
[Crossref]

Ge, L.

Geddes, J. B.

J. Yoon, A. J. Baca, S. I. Park, P. Elvikis, J. B. Geddes, L. Li, R. H. Kim, J. Xiao, S. Wang, T. H. Kim, M. J. Motala, B. Y. Ahn, E. B. Duoss, J. A. Lewis, R. G. Nuzzo, P. M. Ferreira, Y. Huang, A. Rockett, and J. A. Rogers, “Ultrathin silicon solar microcells for semitransparent, mechanically flexible and microconcentrator module designs,” Nat. Mater. 7(11), 907–915 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C.-J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “A hemispherical electronic eye camera based on compressible silicon optoelectronics,” Nature 454(7205), 748–753 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Geim, A. K.

K. S. Novoselov, D. Jiang, F. Schedin, T. J. Booth, V. V. Khotkevich, S. V. Morozov, and A. K. Geim, “Two-dimensional atomic crystals,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102(30), 10451–10453 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ghaffari, A.

Ghaffari, R.

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ghaffari, Y. S. Kim, S. P. Lee, L. Xu, J. Wu, R. H. Kim, J. Song, Z. Liu, J. Viventi, B. de Graff, B. Elolampi, M. Mansour, M. J. Slepian, S. Hwang, J. D. Moss, S. M. Won, Y. Huang, B. Litt, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials for multifunctional balloon catheters with capabilities in cardiac electrophysiological mapping and ablation therapy,” Nat. Mater. 10(4), 316–323 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Greenwald, A.

J. Ok, H. Youn, M. Kwak, K. Lee, Y. Shin, L. Guo, A. Greenwald, and Y. Liu, “Continuous and scalable fabrication of flexible metamaterial films via roll-to-roll nanoimprint process for broadband plasmonic infrared filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 223102 (2012).
[Crossref]

Grundlehner, V.

D. Guidotti, Y. Jianjun, M. Blaser, V. Grundlehner, and G. Chang, “Edge viewing photodetectors for strictly in-plane lightwave circuit integration and flexible optical interconnects,” in Proceedings of 56th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (IEEE, 2006), pp. 782–788.
[Crossref]

Guckenberger, D.

L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Guidotti, D.

D. Guidotti, Y. Jianjun, M. Blaser, V. Grundlehner, and G. Chang, “Edge viewing photodetectors for strictly in-plane lightwave circuit integration and flexible optical interconnects,” in Proceedings of 56th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (IEEE, 2006), pp. 782–788.
[Crossref]

Guo, L.

J. Ok, H. Youn, M. Kwak, K. Lee, Y. Shin, L. Guo, A. Greenwald, and Y. Liu, “Continuous and scalable fabrication of flexible metamaterial films via roll-to-roll nanoimprint process for broadband plasmonic infrared filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 223102 (2012).
[Crossref]

S. Ahn and L. Guo, “High-speed roll-to-roll nanoimprint lithography on flexible plastic substrates,” Adv. Mater. 20(11), 2044–2049 (2008).
[Crossref]

Gupta, S.

D. Chanda, K. Shigeta, S. Gupta, T. Cain, A. Carlson, A. Mihi, A. J. Baca, G. R. Bogart, P. Braun, and J. A. Rogers, “Large-area flexible 3D optical negative index metamaterial formed by nanotransfer printing,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(7), 402–407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Haas, D.

Hammar, M.

W. Yang, H. Yang, G. Qin, Z. Ma, J. Berggren, M. Hammar, R. Soref, and W. Zhou, “Large-area InP-based crystalline nanomembrane flexible photodetectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 121107 (2010).
[Crossref]

Hashiguchi, Y.

Y. Maeda and Y. Hashiguchi, “Flexible film waveguides with excellent bending properties,” Proc. SPIE 6899, 68990D, 68990D-8 (2008).
[Crossref]

Hegde, S.

L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hines, D.

D. Hines, V. Ballarotto, E. Williams, Y. Shao, and S. Solin, “Transfer printing methods for the fabrication of flexible organic electronics,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(2), 024503 (2007).
[Crossref]

Horak, P.

Horiguchi, M.

S. Shibata, M. Horiguchi, K. Jinguji, S. Mitachi, T. Kanamori, and T. Manabe, “Prediction of loss minima in infra-red optical fibers,” Electron. Lett. 17(21), 775–777 (1981).
[Crossref]

Horst, F.

L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hosseini, A.

Hsueh, C.

C. Hsueh, “Modeling of elastic deformation of multilayers due to residual stresses and external bending,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(12), 9652–9656 (2002).
[Crossref]

Hu, J.

Huang, M.

S. Aksu, M. Huang, A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, S. Selvarasah, M. R. Dokmeci, and H. Altug, “Flexible Plasmonics on Unconventional and Nonplanar Substrates,” Adv. Mater. 23(38), 4422–4430 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, X.

T. I. Kim, J. G. McCall, Y. H. Jung, X. Huang, E. R. Siuda, Y. Li, J. Song, Y. M. Song, H. A. Pao, R. H. Kim, C. Lu, S. D. Lee, I. S. Song, G. Shin, R. Al-Hasani, S. Kim, M. P. Tan, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, J. A. Rogers, and M. R. Bruchas, “Injectable, cellular-scale optoelectronics with applications for wireless optogenetics,” Science 340(6129), 211–216 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Huang, Y.

T. I. Kim, J. G. McCall, Y. H. Jung, X. Huang, E. R. Siuda, Y. Li, J. Song, Y. M. Song, H. A. Pao, R. H. Kim, C. Lu, S. D. Lee, I. S. Song, G. Shin, R. Al-Hasani, S. Kim, M. P. Tan, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, J. A. Rogers, and M. R. Bruchas, “Injectable, cellular-scale optoelectronics with applications for wireless optogenetics,” Science 340(6129), 211–216 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. M. Song, Y. Xie, V. Malyarchuk, J. Xiao, I. Jung, K. J. Choi, Z. Liu, H. Park, C. Lu, R. H. Kim, R. Li, K. B. Crozier, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye,” Nature 497(7447), 95–99 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. I. Kim, Y. H. Jung, J. Song, D. Kim, Y. Li, H. S. Kim, I. S. Song, J. J. Wierer, H. A. Pao, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “High-efficiency, microscale GaN light-emitting diodes and their thermal properties on unusual substrates,” Small 8(11), 1643–1649 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. H. Kim, H. Tao, T. I. Kim, Y. Zhang, S. Kim, B. Panilaitis, M. Yang, D. H. Kim, Y. H. Jung, B. H. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials and designs for wirelessly powered implantable light-emitting systems,” Small 8(18), 2812–2818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. W. Hwang, H. Tao, D. H. Kim, H. Cheng, J. K. Song, E. Rill, M. A. Brenckle, B. Panilaitis, S. M. Won, Y. S. Kim, Y. M. Song, K. J. Yu, A. Ameen, R. Li, Y. Su, M. Yang, D. L. Kaplan, M. R. Zakin, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “A physically transient form of silicon electronics,” Science 337(6102), 1640–1644 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ghaffari, Y. S. Kim, S. P. Lee, L. Xu, J. Wu, R. H. Kim, J. Song, Z. Liu, J. Viventi, B. de Graff, B. Elolampi, M. Mansour, M. J. Slepian, S. Hwang, J. D. Moss, S. M. Won, Y. Huang, B. Litt, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials for multifunctional balloon catheters with capabilities in cardiac electrophysiological mapping and ablation therapy,” Nat. Mater. 10(4), 316–323 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ma, Y. S. Kim, R. H. Kim, S. Wang, J. Wu, S. M. Won, H. Tao, A. Islam, K. J. Yu, T. I. Kim, R. Chowdhury, M. Ying, L. Xu, M. Li, H. J. Chung, H. Keum, M. McCormick, P. Liu, Y. W. Zhang, F. G. Omenetto, Y. Huang, T. Coleman, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal electronics,” Science 333(6044), 838–843 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yoon, A. J. Baca, S. I. Park, P. Elvikis, J. B. Geddes, L. Li, R. H. Kim, J. Xiao, S. Wang, T. H. Kim, M. J. Motala, B. Y. Ahn, E. B. Duoss, J. A. Lewis, R. G. Nuzzo, P. M. Ferreira, Y. Huang, A. Rockett, and J. A. Rogers, “Ultrathin silicon solar microcells for semitransparent, mechanically flexible and microconcentrator module designs,” Nat. Mater. 7(11), 907–915 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C.-J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “A hemispherical electronic eye camera based on compressible silicon optoelectronics,” Nature 454(7205), 748–753 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Huang, G. Paloczi, A. Yariv, C. Zhang, and L. Dalton, “Fabrication and replication of polymer integrated optical devices using electron-beam lithography and soft lithography,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(25), 8606–8613 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. Paloczi, Y. Huang, and A. Yariv, “Free-standing all-polymer microring resonator optical filter,” Electron. Lett. 39(23), 1650–1651 (2003).
[Crossref]

Huang, Y. Y.

D. H. Kim, J. H. Ahn, W. M. Choi, H. S. Kim, T. H. Kim, J. Song, Y. Y. Huang, Z. Liu, C. Lu, and J. A. Rogers, “Stretchable and foldable silicon integrated circuits,” Science 320(5875), 507–511 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Meitl, Z. T. Zhu, V. Kumar, K. J. Lee, X. Feng, Y. Y. Huang, I. Adesida, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Transfer printing by kinetic control of adhesion to an elastomeric stamp,” Nat. Mater. 5(1), 33–38 (2006).
[Crossref]

Hwang, S.

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ghaffari, Y. S. Kim, S. P. Lee, L. Xu, J. Wu, R. H. Kim, J. Song, Z. Liu, J. Viventi, B. de Graff, B. Elolampi, M. Mansour, M. J. Slepian, S. Hwang, J. D. Moss, S. M. Won, Y. Huang, B. Litt, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials for multifunctional balloon catheters with capabilities in cardiac electrophysiological mapping and ablation therapy,” Nat. Mater. 10(4), 316–323 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hwang, S. W.

S. W. Hwang, H. Tao, D. H. Kim, H. Cheng, J. K. Song, E. Rill, M. A. Brenckle, B. Panilaitis, S. M. Won, Y. S. Kim, Y. M. Song, K. J. Yu, A. Ameen, R. Li, Y. Su, M. Yang, D. L. Kaplan, M. R. Zakin, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “A physically transient form of silicon electronics,” Science 337(6102), 1640–1644 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Islam, A.

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ma, Y. S. Kim, R. H. Kim, S. Wang, J. Wu, S. M. Won, H. Tao, A. Islam, K. J. Yu, T. I. Kim, R. Chowdhury, M. Ying, L. Xu, M. Li, H. J. Chung, H. Keum, M. McCormick, P. Liu, Y. W. Zhang, F. G. Omenetto, Y. Huang, T. Coleman, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal electronics,” Science 333(6044), 838–843 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jackson, T.

L. Zhou, A. Wanga, S. Wu, J. Sun, S. Park, and T. Jackson, “All-organic active matrix flexible display,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(8), 083502 (2006).
[Crossref]

Jen, A. K.-Y.

H. Ma, A. K.-Y. Jen, and L. Dalton, “Polymer-based optical waveguides: materials, processing, and devices,” Adv. Mater. 14(19), 1339–1365 (2002).
[Crossref]

Jiang, D.

K. S. Novoselov, D. Jiang, F. Schedin, T. J. Booth, V. V. Khotkevich, S. V. Morozov, and A. K. Geim, “Two-dimensional atomic crystals,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102(30), 10451–10453 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jianjun, Y.

D. Guidotti, Y. Jianjun, M. Blaser, V. Grundlehner, and G. Chang, “Edge viewing photodetectors for strictly in-plane lightwave circuit integration and flexible optical interconnects,” in Proceedings of 56th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (IEEE, 2006), pp. 782–788.
[Crossref]

Jinguji, K.

S. Shibata, M. Horiguchi, K. Jinguji, S. Mitachi, T. Kanamori, and T. Manabe, “Prediction of loss minima in infra-red optical fibers,” Electron. Lett. 17(21), 775–777 (1981).
[Crossref]

John, R.

L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Johnson, H. T.

J. Yoon, L. Li, A. V. Semichaevsky, J. H. Ryu, H. T. Johnson, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible concentrator photovoltaics based on microscale silicon solar cells embedded in luminescent waveguides,” Nat Commun 2, 343 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jones, R.

J. E. Bowers, H. Park, A. W. Fang, O. Cohen, R. Jones, and M. Paniccia, “Design and fabrication of optically pumped hybrid silicon-AlGaInAs evanescent lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(6), 1657–1663 (2006).
[Crossref]

Jung, I.

Y. M. Song, Y. Xie, V. Malyarchuk, J. Xiao, I. Jung, K. J. Choi, Z. Liu, H. Park, C. Lu, R. H. Kim, R. Li, K. B. Crozier, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye,” Nature 497(7447), 95–99 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jung, Y. H.

T. I. Kim, J. G. McCall, Y. H. Jung, X. Huang, E. R. Siuda, Y. Li, J. Song, Y. M. Song, H. A. Pao, R. H. Kim, C. Lu, S. D. Lee, I. S. Song, G. Shin, R. Al-Hasani, S. Kim, M. P. Tan, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, J. A. Rogers, and M. R. Bruchas, “Injectable, cellular-scale optoelectronics with applications for wireless optogenetics,” Science 340(6129), 211–216 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. I. Kim, Y. H. Jung, J. Song, D. Kim, Y. Li, H. S. Kim, I. S. Song, J. J. Wierer, H. A. Pao, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “High-efficiency, microscale GaN light-emitting diodes and their thermal properties on unusual substrates,” Small 8(11), 1643–1649 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. H. Kim, H. Tao, T. I. Kim, Y. Zhang, S. Kim, B. Panilaitis, M. Yang, D. H. Kim, Y. H. Jung, B. H. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials and designs for wirelessly powered implantable light-emitting systems,” Small 8(18), 2812–2818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kanamori, T.

S. Shibata, M. Horiguchi, K. Jinguji, S. Mitachi, T. Kanamori, and T. Manabe, “Prediction of loss minima in infra-red optical fibers,” Electron. Lett. 17(21), 775–777 (1981).
[Crossref]

Kaplan, D. L.

S. W. Hwang, H. Tao, D. H. Kim, H. Cheng, J. K. Song, E. Rill, M. A. Brenckle, B. Panilaitis, S. M. Won, Y. S. Kim, Y. M. Song, K. J. Yu, A. Ameen, R. Li, Y. Su, M. Yang, D. L. Kaplan, M. R. Zakin, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “A physically transient form of silicon electronics,” Science 337(6102), 1640–1644 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kash, J.

L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Katz, H.

J. A. Rogers, Z. Bao, K. Baldwin, A. Dodabalapur, B. Crone, V. R. Raju, V. Kuck, H. Katz, K. Amundson, J. Ewing, and P. Drzaic, “Paper-like electronic displays: Large-area rubber-stamped plastic sheets of electronics and microencapsulated electrophoretic inks,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98(9), 4835–4840 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kelaita, Y. A.

I. M. Pryce, K. Aydin, Y. A. Kelaita, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Highly strained compliant optical metamaterials with large frequency tunability,” Nano Lett. 10(10), 4222–4227 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ken Weidner, W.

B. Swatowski, C. Amb, S. Breed, D. Deshazer, W. Ken Weidner, R. Dangel, N. Meier, and B. Offrein, “Flexible, stable, and easily processable optical silicones for low loss polymer waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 8622, 8622–8624 (2013).
[Crossref]

Keum, H.

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ma, Y. S. Kim, R. H. Kim, S. Wang, J. Wu, S. M. Won, H. Tao, A. Islam, K. J. Yu, T. I. Kim, R. Chowdhury, M. Ying, L. Xu, M. Li, H. J. Chung, H. Keum, M. McCormick, P. Liu, Y. W. Zhang, F. G. Omenetto, Y. Huang, T. Coleman, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal electronics,” Science 333(6044), 838–843 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Khotkevich, V. V.

K. S. Novoselov, D. Jiang, F. Schedin, T. J. Booth, V. V. Khotkevich, S. V. Morozov, and A. K. Geim, “Two-dimensional atomic crystals,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102(30), 10451–10453 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, B. H.

R. H. Kim, H. Tao, T. I. Kim, Y. Zhang, S. Kim, B. Panilaitis, M. Yang, D. H. Kim, Y. H. Jung, B. H. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials and designs for wirelessly powered implantable light-emitting systems,” Small 8(18), 2812–2818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, D.

T. I. Kim, Y. H. Jung, J. Song, D. Kim, Y. Li, H. S. Kim, I. S. Song, J. J. Wierer, H. A. Pao, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “High-efficiency, microscale GaN light-emitting diodes and their thermal properties on unusual substrates,” Small 8(11), 1643–1649 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Kim and J. A. Rogers, “Stretchable electronics: Materials strategies and devices,” Adv. Mater. 20(24), 4887–4892 (2008).
[Crossref]

Kim, D. H.

R. H. Kim, H. Tao, T. I. Kim, Y. Zhang, S. Kim, B. Panilaitis, M. Yang, D. H. Kim, Y. H. Jung, B. H. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials and designs for wirelessly powered implantable light-emitting systems,” Small 8(18), 2812–2818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. W. Hwang, H. Tao, D. H. Kim, H. Cheng, J. K. Song, E. Rill, M. A. Brenckle, B. Panilaitis, S. M. Won, Y. S. Kim, Y. M. Song, K. J. Yu, A. Ameen, R. Li, Y. Su, M. Yang, D. L. Kaplan, M. R. Zakin, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “A physically transient form of silicon electronics,” Science 337(6102), 1640–1644 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ma, Y. S. Kim, R. H. Kim, S. Wang, J. Wu, S. M. Won, H. Tao, A. Islam, K. J. Yu, T. I. Kim, R. Chowdhury, M. Ying, L. Xu, M. Li, H. J. Chung, H. Keum, M. McCormick, P. Liu, Y. W. Zhang, F. G. Omenetto, Y. Huang, T. Coleman, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal electronics,” Science 333(6044), 838–843 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ghaffari, Y. S. Kim, S. P. Lee, L. Xu, J. Wu, R. H. Kim, J. Song, Z. Liu, J. Viventi, B. de Graff, B. Elolampi, M. Mansour, M. J. Slepian, S. Hwang, J. D. Moss, S. M. Won, Y. Huang, B. Litt, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials for multifunctional balloon catheters with capabilities in cardiac electrophysiological mapping and ablation therapy,” Nat. Mater. 10(4), 316–323 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Kim, J. H. Ahn, W. M. Choi, H. S. Kim, T. H. Kim, J. Song, Y. Y. Huang, Z. Liu, C. Lu, and J. A. Rogers, “Stretchable and foldable silicon integrated circuits,” Science 320(5875), 507–511 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, H.

C. L. Yu, H. Kim, N. de Leon, I. W. Frank, J. T. Robinson, M. McCutcheon, M. Liu, M. D. Lukin, M. Loncar, and H. Park, “Stretchable photonic crystal cavity with wide frequency tunability,” Nano Lett. 13(1), 248–252 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, H. S.

T. I. Kim, Y. H. Jung, J. Song, D. Kim, Y. Li, H. S. Kim, I. S. Song, J. J. Wierer, H. A. Pao, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “High-efficiency, microscale GaN light-emitting diodes and their thermal properties on unusual substrates,” Small 8(11), 1643–1649 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Kim, J. H. Ahn, W. M. Choi, H. S. Kim, T. H. Kim, J. Song, Y. Y. Huang, Z. Liu, C. Lu, and J. A. Rogers, “Stretchable and foldable silicon integrated circuits,” Science 320(5875), 507–511 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, J.

J. Kim, C. Florea, K. A. Winick, and M. McCoy, “Design and fabrication of low-loss hydrogenated amorphous silicon overlay DBR for glass waveguide devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(6), 1307–1315 (2002).
[Crossref]

Kim, J. W.

Kim, K. J.

Kim, R. H.

T. I. Kim, J. G. McCall, Y. H. Jung, X. Huang, E. R. Siuda, Y. Li, J. Song, Y. M. Song, H. A. Pao, R. H. Kim, C. Lu, S. D. Lee, I. S. Song, G. Shin, R. Al-Hasani, S. Kim, M. P. Tan, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, J. A. Rogers, and M. R. Bruchas, “Injectable, cellular-scale optoelectronics with applications for wireless optogenetics,” Science 340(6129), 211–216 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. M. Song, Y. Xie, V. Malyarchuk, J. Xiao, I. Jung, K. J. Choi, Z. Liu, H. Park, C. Lu, R. H. Kim, R. Li, K. B. Crozier, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye,” Nature 497(7447), 95–99 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kim, R. H. Kim, and J. A. Rogers, “Microscale inorganic light-emitting diodes on flexible and stretchable substrates,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(2), 607–612 (2012).
[Crossref]

R. H. Kim, H. Tao, T. I. Kim, Y. Zhang, S. Kim, B. Panilaitis, M. Yang, D. H. Kim, Y. H. Jung, B. H. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials and designs for wirelessly powered implantable light-emitting systems,” Small 8(18), 2812–2818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ghaffari, Y. S. Kim, S. P. Lee, L. Xu, J. Wu, R. H. Kim, J. Song, Z. Liu, J. Viventi, B. de Graff, B. Elolampi, M. Mansour, M. J. Slepian, S. Hwang, J. D. Moss, S. M. Won, Y. Huang, B. Litt, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials for multifunctional balloon catheters with capabilities in cardiac electrophysiological mapping and ablation therapy,” Nat. Mater. 10(4), 316–323 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ma, Y. S. Kim, R. H. Kim, S. Wang, J. Wu, S. M. Won, H. Tao, A. Islam, K. J. Yu, T. I. Kim, R. Chowdhury, M. Ying, L. Xu, M. Li, H. J. Chung, H. Keum, M. McCormick, P. Liu, Y. W. Zhang, F. G. Omenetto, Y. Huang, T. Coleman, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal electronics,” Science 333(6044), 838–843 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yoon, A. J. Baca, S. I. Park, P. Elvikis, J. B. Geddes, L. Li, R. H. Kim, J. Xiao, S. Wang, T. H. Kim, M. J. Motala, B. Y. Ahn, E. B. Duoss, J. A. Lewis, R. G. Nuzzo, P. M. Ferreira, Y. Huang, A. Rockett, and J. A. Rogers, “Ultrathin silicon solar microcells for semitransparent, mechanically flexible and microconcentrator module designs,” Nat. Mater. 7(11), 907–915 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, S.

T. I. Kim, J. G. McCall, Y. H. Jung, X. Huang, E. R. Siuda, Y. Li, J. Song, Y. M. Song, H. A. Pao, R. H. Kim, C. Lu, S. D. Lee, I. S. Song, G. Shin, R. Al-Hasani, S. Kim, M. P. Tan, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, J. A. Rogers, and M. R. Bruchas, “Injectable, cellular-scale optoelectronics with applications for wireless optogenetics,” Science 340(6129), 211–216 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. H. Kim, H. Tao, T. I. Kim, Y. Zhang, S. Kim, B. Panilaitis, M. Yang, D. H. Kim, Y. H. Jung, B. H. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials and designs for wirelessly powered implantable light-emitting systems,” Small 8(18), 2812–2818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, T.

T. Kim, R. H. Kim, and J. A. Rogers, “Microscale inorganic light-emitting diodes on flexible and stretchable substrates,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(2), 607–612 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kim, T. H.

D. H. Kim, J. H. Ahn, W. M. Choi, H. S. Kim, T. H. Kim, J. Song, Y. Y. Huang, Z. Liu, C. Lu, and J. A. Rogers, “Stretchable and foldable silicon integrated circuits,” Science 320(5875), 507–511 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yoon, A. J. Baca, S. I. Park, P. Elvikis, J. B. Geddes, L. Li, R. H. Kim, J. Xiao, S. Wang, T. H. Kim, M. J. Motala, B. Y. Ahn, E. B. Duoss, J. A. Lewis, R. G. Nuzzo, P. M. Ferreira, Y. Huang, A. Rockett, and J. A. Rogers, “Ultrathin silicon solar microcells for semitransparent, mechanically flexible and microconcentrator module designs,” Nat. Mater. 7(11), 907–915 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, T. I.

T. I. Kim, J. G. McCall, Y. H. Jung, X. Huang, E. R. Siuda, Y. Li, J. Song, Y. M. Song, H. A. Pao, R. H. Kim, C. Lu, S. D. Lee, I. S. Song, G. Shin, R. Al-Hasani, S. Kim, M. P. Tan, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, J. A. Rogers, and M. R. Bruchas, “Injectable, cellular-scale optoelectronics with applications for wireless optogenetics,” Science 340(6129), 211–216 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. I. Kim, Y. H. Jung, J. Song, D. Kim, Y. Li, H. S. Kim, I. S. Song, J. J. Wierer, H. A. Pao, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “High-efficiency, microscale GaN light-emitting diodes and their thermal properties on unusual substrates,” Small 8(11), 1643–1649 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. H. Kim, H. Tao, T. I. Kim, Y. Zhang, S. Kim, B. Panilaitis, M. Yang, D. H. Kim, Y. H. Jung, B. H. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials and designs for wirelessly powered implantable light-emitting systems,” Small 8(18), 2812–2818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ma, Y. S. Kim, R. H. Kim, S. Wang, J. Wu, S. M. Won, H. Tao, A. Islam, K. J. Yu, T. I. Kim, R. Chowdhury, M. Ying, L. Xu, M. Li, H. J. Chung, H. Keum, M. McCormick, P. Liu, Y. W. Zhang, F. G. Omenetto, Y. Huang, T. Coleman, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal electronics,” Science 333(6044), 838–843 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kim, Y. S.

S. W. Hwang, H. Tao, D. H. Kim, H. Cheng, J. K. Song, E. Rill, M. A. Brenckle, B. Panilaitis, S. M. Won, Y. S. Kim, Y. M. Song, K. J. Yu, A. Ameen, R. Li, Y. Su, M. Yang, D. L. Kaplan, M. R. Zakin, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “A physically transient form of silicon electronics,” Science 337(6102), 1640–1644 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ma, Y. S. Kim, R. H. Kim, S. Wang, J. Wu, S. M. Won, H. Tao, A. Islam, K. J. Yu, T. I. Kim, R. Chowdhury, M. Ying, L. Xu, M. Li, H. J. Chung, H. Keum, M. McCormick, P. Liu, Y. W. Zhang, F. G. Omenetto, Y. Huang, T. Coleman, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal electronics,” Science 333(6044), 838–843 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ghaffari, Y. S. Kim, S. P. Lee, L. Xu, J. Wu, R. H. Kim, J. Song, Z. Liu, J. Viventi, B. de Graff, B. Elolampi, M. Mansour, M. J. Slepian, S. Hwang, J. D. Moss, S. M. Won, Y. Huang, B. Litt, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials for multifunctional balloon catheters with capabilities in cardiac electrophysiological mapping and ablation therapy,” Nat. Mater. 10(4), 316–323 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kimerling, L. C.

Ko, H. C.

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C.-J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “A hemispherical electronic eye camera based on compressible silicon optoelectronics,” Nature 454(7205), 748–753 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kocabas, A.

Kodama, S.

Kovalgin, A. Y.

Kucharski, D.

L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kuchta, D.

L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kuck, V.

J. A. Rogers, Z. Bao, K. Baldwin, A. Dodabalapur, B. Crone, V. R. Raju, V. Kuck, H. Katz, K. Amundson, J. Ewing, and P. Drzaic, “Paper-like electronic displays: Large-area rubber-stamped plastic sheets of electronics and microencapsulated electrophoretic inks,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98(9), 4835–4840 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kumar, V.

M. A. Meitl, Z. T. Zhu, V. Kumar, K. J. Lee, X. Feng, Y. Y. Huang, I. Adesida, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Transfer printing by kinetic control of adhesion to an elastomeric stamp,” Nat. Mater. 5(1), 33–38 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kwak, M.

J. Ok, H. Youn, M. Kwak, K. Lee, Y. Shin, L. Guo, A. Greenwald, and Y. Liu, “Continuous and scalable fabrication of flexible metamaterial films via roll-to-roll nanoimprint process for broadband plasmonic infrared filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 223102 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kwark, Y.

L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Kwong, D.

Labajo, M. A.

Lagally, M. G.

H. Zhou, J.-H. Seo, D. M. Paskiewicz, Y. Zhu, G. K. Celler, P. M. Voyles, W. Zhou, M. G. Lagally, and Z. Ma, “Fast flexible electronics with strained silicon nanomembranes,” Sci Rep 3, 1291 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Rogers, M. G. Lagally, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Synthesis, assembly and applications of semiconductor nanomembranes,” Nature 477(7362), 45–53 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. A. Scott and M. G. Lagally, “Elastically strain-sharing nanomembranes: flexible and transferable strained silicon and silicon–germanium alloys,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 40(4), R75–R92 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. C. Yuan, Z. Ma, M. M. Roberts, D. E. Savage, and M. G. Lagally, “High-speed strained-single-crystal-silicon thin-film transistors on flexible polymers,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(1), 013708 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lanzani, G.

J. Clark and G. Lanzani, “Organic photonics for communications,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 438–446 (2010).
[Crossref]

Lee, H. J.

Lee, J.

W. Park and J. Lee, “Mechanically tunable photonic crystal structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(21), 4845–4847 (2004).
[Crossref]

Lee, K.

J. Ok, H. Youn, M. Kwak, K. Lee, Y. Shin, L. Guo, A. Greenwald, and Y. Liu, “Continuous and scalable fabrication of flexible metamaterial films via roll-to-roll nanoimprint process for broadband plasmonic infrared filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 223102 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lee, K. J.

M. A. Meitl, Z. T. Zhu, V. Kumar, K. J. Lee, X. Feng, Y. Y. Huang, I. Adesida, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Transfer printing by kinetic control of adhesion to an elastomeric stamp,” Nat. Mater. 5(1), 33–38 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lee, P.

T. Lu, L. Chiu, P. Lin, and P. Lee, “One-dimensional photonic crystal nanobeam lasers on a flexible substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(7), 071101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lee, S. D.

T. I. Kim, J. G. McCall, Y. H. Jung, X. Huang, E. R. Siuda, Y. Li, J. Song, Y. M. Song, H. A. Pao, R. H. Kim, C. Lu, S. D. Lee, I. S. Song, G. Shin, R. Al-Hasani, S. Kim, M. P. Tan, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, J. A. Rogers, and M. R. Bruchas, “Injectable, cellular-scale optoelectronics with applications for wireless optogenetics,” Science 340(6129), 211–216 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lee, S. P.

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ghaffari, Y. S. Kim, S. P. Lee, L. Xu, J. Wu, R. H. Kim, J. Song, Z. Liu, J. Viventi, B. de Graff, B. Elolampi, M. Mansour, M. J. Slepian, S. Hwang, J. D. Moss, S. M. Won, Y. Huang, B. Litt, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials for multifunctional balloon catheters with capabilities in cardiac electrophysiological mapping and ablation therapy,” Nat. Mater. 10(4), 316–323 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lewis, J. A.

J. Yoon, A. J. Baca, S. I. Park, P. Elvikis, J. B. Geddes, L. Li, R. H. Kim, J. Xiao, S. Wang, T. H. Kim, M. J. Motala, B. Y. Ahn, E. B. Duoss, J. A. Lewis, R. G. Nuzzo, P. M. Ferreira, Y. Huang, A. Rockett, and J. A. Rogers, “Ultrathin silicon solar microcells for semitransparent, mechanically flexible and microconcentrator module designs,” Nat. Mater. 7(11), 907–915 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, H.

Y. Chen, H. Li, and M. Li, “Flexible and tunable silicon photonic circuits on plastic substrates,” Sci Rep 2, 622 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, L.

H. Lin, L. Li, Y. Zou, O. Ogbuu, S. Danto, J. D. Musgraves, K. Richardson, and J. Hu, “Chalcogenide glass planar photonics: from mid-IR sensing to 3-D flexible substrate integration,” Proc. SPIE 8600, 8600–8620 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Zou, H. Lin, O. Ogbuu, L. Li, S. Danto, S. Novak, J. Novak, J. D. Musgraves, K. Richardson, and J. Hu, “Effect of annealing conditions on the physio-chemical properties of spin-coated As2Se3 chalcogenide glass films,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(12), 1723–1732 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Yoon, L. Li, A. V. Semichaevsky, J. H. Ryu, H. T. Johnson, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible concentrator photovoltaics based on microscale silicon solar cells embedded in luminescent waveguides,” Nat Commun 2, 343 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yoon, A. J. Baca, S. I. Park, P. Elvikis, J. B. Geddes, L. Li, R. H. Kim, J. Xiao, S. Wang, T. H. Kim, M. J. Motala, B. Y. Ahn, E. B. Duoss, J. A. Lewis, R. G. Nuzzo, P. M. Ferreira, Y. Huang, A. Rockett, and J. A. Rogers, “Ultrathin silicon solar microcells for semitransparent, mechanically flexible and microconcentrator module designs,” Nat. Mater. 7(11), 907–915 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, M.

Y. Chen, H. Li, and M. Li, “Flexible and tunable silicon photonic circuits on plastic substrates,” Sci Rep 2, 622 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ma, Y. S. Kim, R. H. Kim, S. Wang, J. Wu, S. M. Won, H. Tao, A. Islam, K. J. Yu, T. I. Kim, R. Chowdhury, M. Ying, L. Xu, M. Li, H. J. Chung, H. Keum, M. McCormick, P. Liu, Y. W. Zhang, F. G. Omenetto, Y. Huang, T. Coleman, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal electronics,” Science 333(6044), 838–843 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, R.

Y. M. Song, Y. Xie, V. Malyarchuk, J. Xiao, I. Jung, K. J. Choi, Z. Liu, H. Park, C. Lu, R. H. Kim, R. Li, K. B. Crozier, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye,” Nature 497(7447), 95–99 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. W. Hwang, H. Tao, D. H. Kim, H. Cheng, J. K. Song, E. Rill, M. A. Brenckle, B. Panilaitis, S. M. Won, Y. S. Kim, Y. M. Song, K. J. Yu, A. Ameen, R. Li, Y. Su, M. Yang, D. L. Kaplan, M. R. Zakin, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “A physically transient form of silicon electronics,” Science 337(6102), 1640–1644 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

T. I. Kim, J. G. McCall, Y. H. Jung, X. Huang, E. R. Siuda, Y. Li, J. Song, Y. M. Song, H. A. Pao, R. H. Kim, C. Lu, S. D. Lee, I. S. Song, G. Shin, R. Al-Hasani, S. Kim, M. P. Tan, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, J. A. Rogers, and M. R. Bruchas, “Injectable, cellular-scale optoelectronics with applications for wireless optogenetics,” Science 340(6129), 211–216 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. H. Kim, H. Tao, T. I. Kim, Y. Zhang, S. Kim, B. Panilaitis, M. Yang, D. H. Kim, Y. H. Jung, B. H. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials and designs for wirelessly powered implantable light-emitting systems,” Small 8(18), 2812–2818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. I. Kim, Y. H. Jung, J. Song, D. Kim, Y. Li, H. S. Kim, I. S. Song, J. J. Wierer, H. A. Pao, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “High-efficiency, microscale GaN light-emitting diodes and their thermal properties on unusual substrates,” Small 8(11), 1643–1649 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Libsch, F.

L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lin, C.

L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Lin, C. Y.

Lin, H.

H. Lin, L. Li, Y. Zou, O. Ogbuu, S. Danto, J. D. Musgraves, K. Richardson, and J. Hu, “Chalcogenide glass planar photonics: from mid-IR sensing to 3-D flexible substrate integration,” Proc. SPIE 8600, 8600–8620 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Zou, H. Lin, O. Ogbuu, L. Li, S. Danto, S. Novak, J. Novak, J. D. Musgraves, K. Richardson, and J. Hu, “Effect of annealing conditions on the physio-chemical properties of spin-coated As2Se3 chalcogenide glass films,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(12), 1723–1732 (2012).
[Crossref]

Lin, L.

Lin, P.

T. Lu, L. Chiu, P. Lin, and P. Lee, “One-dimensional photonic crystal nanobeam lasers on a flexible substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(7), 071101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Litt, B.

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ghaffari, Y. S. Kim, S. P. Lee, L. Xu, J. Wu, R. H. Kim, J. Song, Z. Liu, J. Viventi, B. de Graff, B. Elolampi, M. Mansour, M. J. Slepian, S. Hwang, J. D. Moss, S. M. Won, Y. Huang, B. Litt, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials for multifunctional balloon catheters with capabilities in cardiac electrophysiological mapping and ablation therapy,” Nat. Mater. 10(4), 316–323 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, M.

C. L. Yu, H. Kim, N. de Leon, I. W. Frank, J. T. Robinson, M. McCutcheon, M. Liu, M. D. Lukin, M. Loncar, and H. Park, “Stretchable photonic crystal cavity with wide frequency tunability,” Nano Lett. 13(1), 248–252 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, P.

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ma, Y. S. Kim, R. H. Kim, S. Wang, J. Wu, S. M. Won, H. Tao, A. Islam, K. J. Yu, T. I. Kim, R. Chowdhury, M. Ying, L. Xu, M. Li, H. J. Chung, H. Keum, M. McCormick, P. Liu, Y. W. Zhang, F. G. Omenetto, Y. Huang, T. Coleman, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal electronics,” Science 333(6044), 838–843 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Liu, Y.

J. Ok, H. Youn, M. Kwak, K. Lee, Y. Shin, L. Guo, A. Greenwald, and Y. Liu, “Continuous and scalable fabrication of flexible metamaterial films via roll-to-roll nanoimprint process for broadband plasmonic infrared filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 223102 (2012).
[Crossref]

C. Choi, L. Lin, Y. Liu, J. Choi, L. Wang, D. Haas, J. Magera, and R. T. Chen, “Flexible optical waveguide film fabrications and optoelectronic devices integration for fully embedded board-level optical interconnects,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22(9), 2168–2176 (2004).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z.

Y. M. Song, Y. Xie, V. Malyarchuk, J. Xiao, I. Jung, K. J. Choi, Z. Liu, H. Park, C. Lu, R. H. Kim, R. Li, K. B. Crozier, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye,” Nature 497(7447), 95–99 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ghaffari, Y. S. Kim, S. P. Lee, L. Xu, J. Wu, R. H. Kim, J. Song, Z. Liu, J. Viventi, B. de Graff, B. Elolampi, M. Mansour, M. J. Slepian, S. Hwang, J. D. Moss, S. M. Won, Y. Huang, B. Litt, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials for multifunctional balloon catheters with capabilities in cardiac electrophysiological mapping and ablation therapy,” Nat. Mater. 10(4), 316–323 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Yu, X. Niu, Z. Liu, and Q. Pei, “Intrinsically stretchable polymer light-emitting devices using carbon nanotube-polymer composite electrodes,” Adv. Mater. 23(34), 3989–3994 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Kim, J. H. Ahn, W. M. Choi, H. S. Kim, T. H. Kim, J. Song, Y. Y. Huang, Z. Liu, C. Lu, and J. A. Rogers, “Stretchable and foldable silicon integrated circuits,” Science 320(5875), 507–511 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Loh, W. H.

Loncar, M.

C. L. Yu, H. Kim, N. de Leon, I. W. Frank, J. T. Robinson, M. McCutcheon, M. Liu, M. D. Lukin, M. Loncar, and H. Park, “Stretchable photonic crystal cavity with wide frequency tunability,” Nano Lett. 13(1), 248–252 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. T. Choy, J. D. Bradley, P. B. Deotare, I. B. Burgess, C. C. Evans, E. Mazur, and M. Lončar, “Integrated TiO2 resonators for visible photonics,” Opt. Lett. 37(4), 539–541 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, C.

T. I. Kim, J. G. McCall, Y. H. Jung, X. Huang, E. R. Siuda, Y. Li, J. Song, Y. M. Song, H. A. Pao, R. H. Kim, C. Lu, S. D. Lee, I. S. Song, G. Shin, R. Al-Hasani, S. Kim, M. P. Tan, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, J. A. Rogers, and M. R. Bruchas, “Injectable, cellular-scale optoelectronics with applications for wireless optogenetics,” Science 340(6129), 211–216 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. M. Song, Y. Xie, V. Malyarchuk, J. Xiao, I. Jung, K. J. Choi, Z. Liu, H. Park, C. Lu, R. H. Kim, R. Li, K. B. Crozier, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye,” Nature 497(7447), 95–99 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Kim, J. H. Ahn, W. M. Choi, H. S. Kim, T. H. Kim, J. Song, Y. Y. Huang, Z. Liu, C. Lu, and J. A. Rogers, “Stretchable and foldable silicon integrated circuits,” Science 320(5875), 507–511 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, N.

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ghaffari, Y. S. Kim, S. P. Lee, L. Xu, J. Wu, R. H. Kim, J. Song, Z. Liu, J. Viventi, B. de Graff, B. Elolampi, M. Mansour, M. J. Slepian, S. Hwang, J. D. Moss, S. M. Won, Y. Huang, B. Litt, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials for multifunctional balloon catheters with capabilities in cardiac electrophysiological mapping and ablation therapy,” Nat. Mater. 10(4), 316–323 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ma, Y. S. Kim, R. H. Kim, S. Wang, J. Wu, S. M. Won, H. Tao, A. Islam, K. J. Yu, T. I. Kim, R. Chowdhury, M. Ying, L. Xu, M. Li, H. J. Chung, H. Keum, M. McCormick, P. Liu, Y. W. Zhang, F. G. Omenetto, Y. Huang, T. Coleman, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal electronics,” Science 333(6044), 838–843 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lu, T.

T. Lu, L. Chiu, P. Lin, and P. Lee, “One-dimensional photonic crystal nanobeam lasers on a flexible substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(7), 071101 (2011).
[Crossref]

Lukin, M. D.

C. L. Yu, H. Kim, N. de Leon, I. W. Frank, J. T. Robinson, M. McCutcheon, M. Liu, M. D. Lukin, M. Loncar, and H. Park, “Stretchable photonic crystal cavity with wide frequency tunability,” Nano Lett. 13(1), 248–252 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Luzinov, I.

Ma, H.

H. Ma, A. K.-Y. Jen, and L. Dalton, “Polymer-based optical waveguides: materials, processing, and devices,” Adv. Mater. 14(19), 1339–1365 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ma, R.

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ma, Y. S. Kim, R. H. Kim, S. Wang, J. Wu, S. M. Won, H. Tao, A. Islam, K. J. Yu, T. I. Kim, R. Chowdhury, M. Ying, L. Xu, M. Li, H. J. Chung, H. Keum, M. McCormick, P. Liu, Y. W. Zhang, F. G. Omenetto, Y. Huang, T. Coleman, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal electronics,” Science 333(6044), 838–843 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ma, Z.

H. Zhou, J.-H. Seo, D. M. Paskiewicz, Y. Zhu, G. K. Celler, P. M. Voyles, W. Zhou, M. G. Lagally, and Z. Ma, “Fast flexible electronics with strained silicon nanomembranes,” Sci Rep 3, 1291 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. Zhang, J. Seo, W. Zhou, and Z. Ma, “Fast flexible electronics using transferrable silicon nanomembranes (Topical Review),” J. Phys. D. 45(14), 143001 (2012).
[Crossref]

Z. Ma, “Materials science:An electronic second skin,” Science 333(6044), 830–831 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Yang, H. Yang, G. Qin, Z. Ma, J. Berggren, M. Hammar, R. Soref, and W. Zhou, “Large-area InP-based crystalline nanomembrane flexible photodetectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 121107 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Sun, G. Qin, G. K. Celler, W. Zhou, and Z. Ma, “12-GHz thin-film transistors with transferrable silicon nanomembranes for high-performance massive flexible electronics,” Small 6, 2553–2557 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Chen, Z. Qiang, H. Yang, H. Pang, Z. Ma, and W. D. Zhou, “Polarization and angular dependent transmissions on transferred nanomembrane Fano filters,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8396–8406 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Zhou, Z. Ma, H. Yang, Z. Qiang, G. Qin, H. Pang, L. Chen, W. Yang, S. Chuwongin, and D. Zhao, “Flexible photonic-crystal Fano filters based on transferred semiconductor nanomembranes,” J. Phys. D 42(23), 234007 (2009).
[Crossref]

H. Yang, Z. Qiang, H. Pang, Z. Ma, and W. D. Zhou, “Surface-normal fano filters based on transferred silicon nanomembranes on glass substrates,” Electron. Lett. 44(14), 858–859 (2008).
[Crossref]

Z. Qiang, H. Yang, L. Chen, H. Pang, Z. Ma, and W. Zhou, “Fano filters based on transferred silicon nanomembranes on plastic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061106 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. C. Yuan, G. K. Celler, and Z. Ma, “7.8-GHz flexible thin-film transistors on a low-temperature plastic substrate,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(3), 034501 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. C. Yuan and Z. Ma, “Microwave thin-film transistors using Si nanomembranes on flexible polymer substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(21), 212105 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. C. Yuan, Z. Ma, M. M. Roberts, D. E. Savage, and M. G. Lagally, “High-speed strained-single-crystal-silicon thin-film transistors on flexible polymers,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(1), 013708 (2006).
[Crossref]

Mack, S.

S. Mack, M. A. Meitl, A. J. Baca, Z. T. Zhu, and J. A. Rogers, “Mechanically flexible thin-film transistors that use ultrathin ribbons of silicon derived from bulk wafers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(21), 213101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Maeda, Y.

Y. Maeda and Y. Hashiguchi, “Flexible film waveguides with excellent bending properties,” Proc. SPIE 6899, 68990D, 68990D-8 (2008).
[Crossref]

Magera, J.

Malyarchuk, V.

Y. M. Song, Y. Xie, V. Malyarchuk, J. Xiao, I. Jung, K. J. Choi, Z. Liu, H. Park, C. Lu, R. H. Kim, R. Li, K. B. Crozier, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye,” Nature 497(7447), 95–99 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C.-J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “A hemispherical electronic eye camera based on compressible silicon optoelectronics,” Nature 454(7205), 748–753 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Manabe, T.

S. Shibata, M. Horiguchi, K. Jinguji, S. Mitachi, T. Kanamori, and T. Manabe, “Prediction of loss minima in infra-red optical fibers,” Electron. Lett. 17(21), 775–777 (1981).
[Crossref]

Mansour, M.

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ghaffari, Y. S. Kim, S. P. Lee, L. Xu, J. Wu, R. H. Kim, J. Song, Z. Liu, J. Viventi, B. de Graff, B. Elolampi, M. Mansour, M. J. Slepian, S. Hwang, J. D. Moss, S. M. Won, Y. Huang, B. Litt, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials for multifunctional balloon catheters with capabilities in cardiac electrophysiological mapping and ablation therapy,” Nat. Mater. 10(4), 316–323 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Martinez-Anton, J. C.

Mazur, E.

McCall, J. G.

T. I. Kim, J. G. McCall, Y. H. Jung, X. Huang, E. R. Siuda, Y. Li, J. Song, Y. M. Song, H. A. Pao, R. H. Kim, C. Lu, S. D. Lee, I. S. Song, G. Shin, R. Al-Hasani, S. Kim, M. P. Tan, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, J. A. Rogers, and M. R. Bruchas, “Injectable, cellular-scale optoelectronics with applications for wireless optogenetics,” Science 340(6129), 211–216 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McCormick, M.

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ma, Y. S. Kim, R. H. Kim, S. Wang, J. Wu, S. M. Won, H. Tao, A. Islam, K. J. Yu, T. I. Kim, R. Chowdhury, M. Ying, L. Xu, M. Li, H. J. Chung, H. Keum, M. McCormick, P. Liu, Y. W. Zhang, F. G. Omenetto, Y. Huang, T. Coleman, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal electronics,” Science 333(6044), 838–843 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

McCoy, M.

J. Kim, C. Florea, K. A. Winick, and M. McCoy, “Design and fabrication of low-loss hydrogenated amorphous silicon overlay DBR for glass waveguide devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(6), 1307–1315 (2002).
[Crossref]

McCutcheon, M.

C. L. Yu, H. Kim, N. de Leon, I. W. Frank, J. T. Robinson, M. McCutcheon, M. Liu, M. D. Lukin, M. Loncar, and H. Park, “Stretchable photonic crystal cavity with wide frequency tunability,” Nano Lett. 13(1), 248–252 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Meier, N.

B. Swatowski, C. Amb, S. Breed, D. Deshazer, W. Ken Weidner, R. Dangel, N. Meier, and B. Offrein, “Flexible, stable, and easily processable optical silicones for low loss polymer waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 8622, 8622–8624 (2013).
[Crossref]

Meitl, M. A.

M. A. Meitl, Z. T. Zhu, V. Kumar, K. J. Lee, X. Feng, Y. Y. Huang, I. Adesida, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Transfer printing by kinetic control of adhesion to an elastomeric stamp,” Nat. Mater. 5(1), 33–38 (2006).
[Crossref]

S. Mack, M. A. Meitl, A. J. Baca, Z. T. Zhu, and J. A. Rogers, “Mechanically flexible thin-film transistors that use ultrathin ribbons of silicon derived from bulk wafers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(21), 213101 (2006).
[Crossref]

Melloni, A.

Mihi, A.

D. Chanda, K. Shigeta, S. Gupta, T. Cain, A. Carlson, A. Mihi, A. J. Baca, G. R. Bogart, P. Braun, and J. A. Rogers, “Large-area flexible 3D optical negative index metamaterial formed by nanotransfer printing,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(7), 402–407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Missinne, J.

E. Bosman, G. Van Steenberge, B. Van Hoe, J. Missinne, J. Vanfleteren, and P. Van Daele, “Highly Reliable Flexible Active Optical Links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(5), 287–289 (2010).
[Crossref]

Mitachi, S.

S. Shibata, M. Horiguchi, K. Jinguji, S. Mitachi, T. Kanamori, and T. Manabe, “Prediction of loss minima in infra-red optical fibers,” Electron. Lett. 17(21), 775–777 (1981).
[Crossref]

Miyazaki, H.

S. Furumi, H. Fudouzi, H. Miyazaki, and Y. Sakka, “Flexible polymer colloidal -crystal lasers with a light-emitting planar defect,” Adv. Mater. 19(16), 2067–2072 (2007).
[Crossref]

Morichetti, F.

Morozov, S. V.

K. S. Novoselov, D. Jiang, F. Schedin, T. J. Booth, V. V. Khotkevich, S. V. Morozov, and A. K. Geim, “Two-dimensional atomic crystals,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102(30), 10451–10453 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Moss, J. D.

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ghaffari, Y. S. Kim, S. P. Lee, L. Xu, J. Wu, R. H. Kim, J. Song, Z. Liu, J. Viventi, B. de Graff, B. Elolampi, M. Mansour, M. J. Slepian, S. Hwang, J. D. Moss, S. M. Won, Y. Huang, B. Litt, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials for multifunctional balloon catheters with capabilities in cardiac electrophysiological mapping and ablation therapy,” Nat. Mater. 10(4), 316–323 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Motala, M. J.

J. Yoon, A. J. Baca, S. I. Park, P. Elvikis, J. B. Geddes, L. Li, R. H. Kim, J. Xiao, S. Wang, T. H. Kim, M. J. Motala, B. Y. Ahn, E. B. Duoss, J. A. Lewis, R. G. Nuzzo, P. M. Ferreira, Y. Huang, A. Rockett, and J. A. Rogers, “Ultrathin silicon solar microcells for semitransparent, mechanically flexible and microconcentrator module designs,” Nat. Mater. 7(11), 907–915 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Musgraves, J. D.

Niu, B.

Niu, X.

Z. Yu, X. Niu, Z. Liu, and Q. Pei, “Intrinsically stretchable polymer light-emitting devices using carbon nanotube-polymer composite electrodes,” Adv. Mater. 23(34), 3989–3994 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Noh, Y. O.

Novak, J.

Novak, S.

Novoselov, K. S.

K. S. Novoselov, D. Jiang, F. Schedin, T. J. Booth, V. V. Khotkevich, S. V. Morozov, and A. K. Geim, “Two-dimensional atomic crystals,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102(30), 10451–10453 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nuzzo, R. G.

J. A. Rogers, M. G. Lagally, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Synthesis, assembly and applications of semiconductor nanomembranes,” Nature 477(7362), 45–53 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yoon, L. Li, A. V. Semichaevsky, J. H. Ryu, H. T. Johnson, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible concentrator photovoltaics based on microscale silicon solar cells embedded in luminescent waveguides,” Nat Commun 2, 343 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yoon, A. J. Baca, S. I. Park, P. Elvikis, J. B. Geddes, L. Li, R. H. Kim, J. Xiao, S. Wang, T. H. Kim, M. J. Motala, B. Y. Ahn, E. B. Duoss, J. A. Lewis, R. G. Nuzzo, P. M. Ferreira, Y. Huang, A. Rockett, and J. A. Rogers, “Ultrathin silicon solar microcells for semitransparent, mechanically flexible and microconcentrator module designs,” Nat. Mater. 7(11), 907–915 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Meitl, Z. T. Zhu, V. Kumar, K. J. Lee, X. Feng, Y. Y. Huang, I. Adesida, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Transfer printing by kinetic control of adhesion to an elastomeric stamp,” Nat. Mater. 5(1), 33–38 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nyikal, H.

L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Nystrom, M.

L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Offrein, B.

B. Swatowski, C. Amb, S. Breed, D. Deshazer, W. Ken Weidner, R. Dangel, N. Meier, and B. Offrein, “Flexible, stable, and easily processable optical silicones for low loss polymer waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 8622, 8622–8624 (2013).
[Crossref]

L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ogbuu, O.

H. Lin, L. Li, Y. Zou, O. Ogbuu, S. Danto, J. D. Musgraves, K. Richardson, and J. Hu, “Chalcogenide glass planar photonics: from mid-IR sensing to 3-D flexible substrate integration,” Proc. SPIE 8600, 8600–8620 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Zou, H. Lin, O. Ogbuu, L. Li, S. Danto, S. Novak, J. Novak, J. D. Musgraves, K. Richardson, and J. Hu, “Effect of annealing conditions on the physio-chemical properties of spin-coated As2Se3 chalcogenide glass films,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(12), 1723–1732 (2012).
[Crossref]

Oh, M.

H. Song, M. Oh, S. Ahn, W. Steier, H. R. Fetterman, and C. Zhang, “Flexible low voltage electro-optic polymer modulators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(25), 4432–4434 (2003).
[Crossref]

Oh, M. C.

Ok, J.

J. Ok, H. Youn, M. Kwak, K. Lee, Y. Shin, L. Guo, A. Greenwald, and Y. Liu, “Continuous and scalable fabrication of flexible metamaterial films via roll-to-roll nanoimprint process for broadband plasmonic infrared filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 223102 (2012).
[Crossref]

Olcum, S.

Omenetto, F. G.

T. I. Kim, J. G. McCall, Y. H. Jung, X. Huang, E. R. Siuda, Y. Li, J. Song, Y. M. Song, H. A. Pao, R. H. Kim, C. Lu, S. D. Lee, I. S. Song, G. Shin, R. Al-Hasani, S. Kim, M. P. Tan, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, J. A. Rogers, and M. R. Bruchas, “Injectable, cellular-scale optoelectronics with applications for wireless optogenetics,” Science 340(6129), 211–216 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. H. Kim, H. Tao, T. I. Kim, Y. Zhang, S. Kim, B. Panilaitis, M. Yang, D. H. Kim, Y. H. Jung, B. H. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials and designs for wirelessly powered implantable light-emitting systems,” Small 8(18), 2812–2818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. W. Hwang, H. Tao, D. H. Kim, H. Cheng, J. K. Song, E. Rill, M. A. Brenckle, B. Panilaitis, S. M. Won, Y. S. Kim, Y. M. Song, K. J. Yu, A. Ameen, R. Li, Y. Su, M. Yang, D. L. Kaplan, M. R. Zakin, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “A physically transient form of silicon electronics,” Science 337(6102), 1640–1644 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ma, Y. S. Kim, R. H. Kim, S. Wang, J. Wu, S. M. Won, H. Tao, A. Islam, K. J. Yu, T. I. Kim, R. Chowdhury, M. Ying, L. Xu, M. Li, H. J. Chung, H. Keum, M. McCormick, P. Liu, Y. W. Zhang, F. G. Omenetto, Y. Huang, T. Coleman, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal electronics,” Science 333(6044), 838–843 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Os, K. V.

K. Cherenack, K. V. Os, and L. V. Pieterson, “Smart photonic textiles begin to weave their magic,” Laser Focus World 48, 63–66 (2012).

Paepegem, W.

D. Taillaert, W. Paepegem, J. Vlekken, and R. Baets, “A thin foil optical strain gage based on silicon-oninsulator microresonators,” Proc. SPIE 6619, 661914, 661914-4 (2007).
[Crossref]

Paloczi, G.

Y. Huang, G. Paloczi, A. Yariv, C. Zhang, and L. Dalton, “Fabrication and replication of polymer integrated optical devices using electron-beam lithography and soft lithography,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(25), 8606–8613 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. Paloczi, Y. Huang, and A. Yariv, “Free-standing all-polymer microring resonator optical filter,” Electron. Lett. 39(23), 1650–1651 (2003).
[Crossref]

Pang, H.

W. Zhou, Z. Ma, H. Yang, Z. Qiang, G. Qin, H. Pang, L. Chen, W. Yang, S. Chuwongin, and D. Zhao, “Flexible photonic-crystal Fano filters based on transferred semiconductor nanomembranes,” J. Phys. D 42(23), 234007 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. Chen, Z. Qiang, H. Yang, H. Pang, Z. Ma, and W. D. Zhou, “Polarization and angular dependent transmissions on transferred nanomembrane Fano filters,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8396–8406 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Qiang, H. Yang, L. Chen, H. Pang, Z. Ma, and W. Zhou, “Fano filters based on transferred silicon nanomembranes on plastic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061106 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Yang, Z. Qiang, H. Pang, Z. Ma, and W. D. Zhou, “Surface-normal fano filters based on transferred silicon nanomembranes on glass substrates,” Electron. Lett. 44(14), 858–859 (2008).
[Crossref]

Paniccia, M.

J. E. Bowers, H. Park, A. W. Fang, O. Cohen, R. Jones, and M. Paniccia, “Design and fabrication of optically pumped hybrid silicon-AlGaInAs evanescent lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(6), 1657–1663 (2006).
[Crossref]

Panilaitis, B.

R. H. Kim, H. Tao, T. I. Kim, Y. Zhang, S. Kim, B. Panilaitis, M. Yang, D. H. Kim, Y. H. Jung, B. H. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials and designs for wirelessly powered implantable light-emitting systems,” Small 8(18), 2812–2818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. W. Hwang, H. Tao, D. H. Kim, H. Cheng, J. K. Song, E. Rill, M. A. Brenckle, B. Panilaitis, S. M. Won, Y. S. Kim, Y. M. Song, K. J. Yu, A. Ameen, R. Li, Y. Su, M. Yang, D. L. Kaplan, M. R. Zakin, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “A physically transient form of silicon electronics,” Science 337(6102), 1640–1644 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pao, H. A.

T. I. Kim, J. G. McCall, Y. H. Jung, X. Huang, E. R. Siuda, Y. Li, J. Song, Y. M. Song, H. A. Pao, R. H. Kim, C. Lu, S. D. Lee, I. S. Song, G. Shin, R. Al-Hasani, S. Kim, M. P. Tan, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, J. A. Rogers, and M. R. Bruchas, “Injectable, cellular-scale optoelectronics with applications for wireless optogenetics,” Science 340(6129), 211–216 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. I. Kim, Y. H. Jung, J. Song, D. Kim, Y. Li, H. S. Kim, I. S. Song, J. J. Wierer, H. A. Pao, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “High-efficiency, microscale GaN light-emitting diodes and their thermal properties on unusual substrates,” Small 8(11), 1643–1649 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, H.

Y. M. Song, Y. Xie, V. Malyarchuk, J. Xiao, I. Jung, K. J. Choi, Z. Liu, H. Park, C. Lu, R. H. Kim, R. Li, K. B. Crozier, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye,” Nature 497(7447), 95–99 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. L. Yu, H. Kim, N. de Leon, I. W. Frank, J. T. Robinson, M. McCutcheon, M. Liu, M. D. Lukin, M. Loncar, and H. Park, “Stretchable photonic crystal cavity with wide frequency tunability,” Nano Lett. 13(1), 248–252 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. E. Bowers, H. Park, A. W. Fang, O. Cohen, R. Jones, and M. Paniccia, “Design and fabrication of optically pumped hybrid silicon-AlGaInAs evanescent lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(6), 1657–1663 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. Park, A. Fang, S. Kodama, and J. Bowers, “Hybrid silicon evanescent laser fabricated with a silicon waveguide and III-V offset quantum wells,” Opt. Express 13(23), 9460–9464 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, S.

L. Zhou, A. Wanga, S. Wu, J. Sun, S. Park, and T. Jackson, “All-organic active matrix flexible display,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(8), 083502 (2006).
[Crossref]

Park, S. I.

J. Yoon, A. J. Baca, S. I. Park, P. Elvikis, J. B. Geddes, L. Li, R. H. Kim, J. Xiao, S. Wang, T. H. Kim, M. J. Motala, B. Y. Ahn, E. B. Duoss, J. A. Lewis, R. G. Nuzzo, P. M. Ferreira, Y. Huang, A. Rockett, and J. A. Rogers, “Ultrathin silicon solar microcells for semitransparent, mechanically flexible and microconcentrator module designs,” Nat. Mater. 7(11), 907–915 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Park, W.

W. Park and J. Lee, “Mechanically tunable photonic crystal structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(21), 4845–4847 (2004).
[Crossref]

Paskiewicz, D. M.

H. Zhou, J.-H. Seo, D. M. Paskiewicz, Y. Zhu, G. K. Celler, P. M. Voyles, W. Zhou, M. G. Lagally, and Z. Ma, “Fast flexible electronics with strained silicon nanomembranes,” Sci Rep 3, 1291 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Patel, C.

L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Pei, Q.

Z. Yu, X. Niu, Z. Liu, and Q. Pei, “Intrinsically stretchable polymer light-emitting devices using carbon nanotube-polymer composite electrodes,” Adv. Mater. 23(34), 3989–3994 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Pepeljugoski, P.

L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Petit, L.

Pieterson, L. V.

K. Cherenack, K. V. Os, and L. V. Pieterson, “Smart photonic textiles begin to weave their magic,” Laser Focus World 48, 63–66 (2012).

Prather, D. W.

Pryce, I. M.

I. M. Pryce, K. Aydin, Y. A. Kelaita, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Highly strained compliant optical metamaterials with large frequency tunability,” Nano Lett. 10(10), 4222–4227 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Qi, M.

Qiang, Z.

L. Chen, Z. Qiang, H. Yang, H. Pang, Z. Ma, and W. D. Zhou, “Polarization and angular dependent transmissions on transferred nanomembrane Fano filters,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8396–8406 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Zhou, Z. Ma, H. Yang, Z. Qiang, G. Qin, H. Pang, L. Chen, W. Yang, S. Chuwongin, and D. Zhao, “Flexible photonic-crystal Fano filters based on transferred semiconductor nanomembranes,” J. Phys. D 42(23), 234007 (2009).
[Crossref]

Z. Qiang, H. Yang, L. Chen, H. Pang, Z. Ma, and W. Zhou, “Fano filters based on transferred silicon nanomembranes on plastic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061106 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Yang, Z. Qiang, H. Pang, Z. Ma, and W. D. Zhou, “Surface-normal fano filters based on transferred silicon nanomembranes on glass substrates,” Electron. Lett. 44(14), 858–859 (2008).
[Crossref]

Qin, G.

L. Sun, G. Qin, G. K. Celler, W. Zhou, and Z. Ma, “12-GHz thin-film transistors with transferrable silicon nanomembranes for high-performance massive flexible electronics,” Small 6, 2553–2557 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Yang, H. Yang, G. Qin, Z. Ma, J. Berggren, M. Hammar, R. Soref, and W. Zhou, “Large-area InP-based crystalline nanomembrane flexible photodetectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 121107 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Zhou, Z. Ma, H. Yang, Z. Qiang, G. Qin, H. Pang, L. Chen, W. Yang, S. Chuwongin, and D. Zhao, “Flexible photonic-crystal Fano filters based on transferred semiconductor nanomembranes,” J. Phys. D 42(23), 234007 (2009).
[Crossref]

Qiu, K.

Quiroga, J. A.

Raju, V. R.

J. A. Rogers, Z. Bao, K. Baldwin, A. Dodabalapur, B. Crone, V. R. Raju, V. Kuck, H. Katz, K. Amundson, J. Ewing, and P. Drzaic, “Paper-like electronic displays: Large-area rubber-stamped plastic sheets of electronics and microencapsulated electrophoretic inks,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98(9), 4835–4840 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rangarajan, B.

Richardson, K.

Rill, E.

S. W. Hwang, H. Tao, D. H. Kim, H. Cheng, J. K. Song, E. Rill, M. A. Brenckle, B. Panilaitis, S. M. Won, Y. S. Kim, Y. M. Song, K. J. Yu, A. Ameen, R. Li, Y. Su, M. Yang, D. L. Kaplan, M. R. Zakin, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “A physically transient form of silicon electronics,” Science 337(6102), 1640–1644 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Roberts, M. M.

H. C. Yuan, Z. Ma, M. M. Roberts, D. E. Savage, and M. G. Lagally, “High-speed strained-single-crystal-silicon thin-film transistors on flexible polymers,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(1), 013708 (2006).
[Crossref]

Robinson, J. T.

C. L. Yu, H. Kim, N. de Leon, I. W. Frank, J. T. Robinson, M. McCutcheon, M. Liu, M. D. Lukin, M. Loncar, and H. Park, “Stretchable photonic crystal cavity with wide frequency tunability,” Nano Lett. 13(1), 248–252 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rockett, A.

J. Yoon, A. J. Baca, S. I. Park, P. Elvikis, J. B. Geddes, L. Li, R. H. Kim, J. Xiao, S. Wang, T. H. Kim, M. J. Motala, B. Y. Ahn, E. B. Duoss, J. A. Lewis, R. G. Nuzzo, P. M. Ferreira, Y. Huang, A. Rockett, and J. A. Rogers, “Ultrathin silicon solar microcells for semitransparent, mechanically flexible and microconcentrator module designs,” Nat. Mater. 7(11), 907–915 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rogers, J. A.

T. I. Kim, J. G. McCall, Y. H. Jung, X. Huang, E. R. Siuda, Y. Li, J. Song, Y. M. Song, H. A. Pao, R. H. Kim, C. Lu, S. D. Lee, I. S. Song, G. Shin, R. Al-Hasani, S. Kim, M. P. Tan, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, J. A. Rogers, and M. R. Bruchas, “Injectable, cellular-scale optoelectronics with applications for wireless optogenetics,” Science 340(6129), 211–216 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. M. Song, Y. Xie, V. Malyarchuk, J. Xiao, I. Jung, K. J. Choi, Z. Liu, H. Park, C. Lu, R. H. Kim, R. Li, K. B. Crozier, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye,” Nature 497(7447), 95–99 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Kim, R. H. Kim, and J. A. Rogers, “Microscale inorganic light-emitting diodes on flexible and stretchable substrates,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(2), 607–612 (2012).
[Crossref]

T. I. Kim, Y. H. Jung, J. Song, D. Kim, Y. Li, H. S. Kim, I. S. Song, J. J. Wierer, H. A. Pao, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “High-efficiency, microscale GaN light-emitting diodes and their thermal properties on unusual substrates,” Small 8(11), 1643–1649 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. H. Kim, H. Tao, T. I. Kim, Y. Zhang, S. Kim, B. Panilaitis, M. Yang, D. H. Kim, Y. H. Jung, B. H. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials and designs for wirelessly powered implantable light-emitting systems,” Small 8(18), 2812–2818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. W. Hwang, H. Tao, D. H. Kim, H. Cheng, J. K. Song, E. Rill, M. A. Brenckle, B. Panilaitis, S. M. Won, Y. S. Kim, Y. M. Song, K. J. Yu, A. Ameen, R. Li, Y. Su, M. Yang, D. L. Kaplan, M. R. Zakin, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “A physically transient form of silicon electronics,” Science 337(6102), 1640–1644 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Rogers, M. G. Lagally, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Synthesis, assembly and applications of semiconductor nanomembranes,” Nature 477(7362), 45–53 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yoon, L. Li, A. V. Semichaevsky, J. H. Ryu, H. T. Johnson, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible concentrator photovoltaics based on microscale silicon solar cells embedded in luminescent waveguides,” Nat Commun 2, 343 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Chanda, K. Shigeta, S. Gupta, T. Cain, A. Carlson, A. Mihi, A. J. Baca, G. R. Bogart, P. Braun, and J. A. Rogers, “Large-area flexible 3D optical negative index metamaterial formed by nanotransfer printing,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(7), 402–407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ma, Y. S. Kim, R. H. Kim, S. Wang, J. Wu, S. M. Won, H. Tao, A. Islam, K. J. Yu, T. I. Kim, R. Chowdhury, M. Ying, L. Xu, M. Li, H. J. Chung, H. Keum, M. McCormick, P. Liu, Y. W. Zhang, F. G. Omenetto, Y. Huang, T. Coleman, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal electronics,” Science 333(6044), 838–843 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ghaffari, Y. S. Kim, S. P. Lee, L. Xu, J. Wu, R. H. Kim, J. Song, Z. Liu, J. Viventi, B. de Graff, B. Elolampi, M. Mansour, M. J. Slepian, S. Hwang, J. D. Moss, S. M. Won, Y. Huang, B. Litt, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials for multifunctional balloon catheters with capabilities in cardiac electrophysiological mapping and ablation therapy,” Nat. Mater. 10(4), 316–323 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Kim and J. A. Rogers, “Stretchable electronics: Materials strategies and devices,” Adv. Mater. 20(24), 4887–4892 (2008).
[Crossref]

D. H. Kim, J. H. Ahn, W. M. Choi, H. S. Kim, T. H. Kim, J. Song, Y. Y. Huang, Z. Liu, C. Lu, and J. A. Rogers, “Stretchable and foldable silicon integrated circuits,” Science 320(5875), 507–511 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C.-J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “A hemispherical electronic eye camera based on compressible silicon optoelectronics,” Nature 454(7205), 748–753 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yoon, A. J. Baca, S. I. Park, P. Elvikis, J. B. Geddes, L. Li, R. H. Kim, J. Xiao, S. Wang, T. H. Kim, M. J. Motala, B. Y. Ahn, E. B. Duoss, J. A. Lewis, R. G. Nuzzo, P. M. Ferreira, Y. Huang, A. Rockett, and J. A. Rogers, “Ultrathin silicon solar microcells for semitransparent, mechanically flexible and microconcentrator module designs,” Nat. Mater. 7(11), 907–915 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Mack, M. A. Meitl, A. J. Baca, Z. T. Zhu, and J. A. Rogers, “Mechanically flexible thin-film transistors that use ultrathin ribbons of silicon derived from bulk wafers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(21), 213101 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. A. Meitl, Z. T. Zhu, V. Kumar, K. J. Lee, X. Feng, Y. Y. Huang, I. Adesida, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Transfer printing by kinetic control of adhesion to an elastomeric stamp,” Nat. Mater. 5(1), 33–38 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. A. Rogers, Z. Bao, K. Baldwin, A. Dodabalapur, B. Crone, V. R. Raju, V. Kuck, H. Katz, K. Amundson, J. Ewing, and P. Drzaic, “Paper-like electronic displays: Large-area rubber-stamped plastic sheets of electronics and microencapsulated electrophoretic inks,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98(9), 4835–4840 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rosner, J.

L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ryu, J. H.

J. Yoon, L. Li, A. V. Semichaevsky, J. H. Ryu, H. T. Johnson, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible concentrator photovoltaics based on microscale silicon solar cells embedded in luminescent waveguides,” Nat Commun 2, 343 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sakka, Y.

S. Furumi, H. Fudouzi, H. Miyazaki, and Y. Sakka, “Flexible polymer colloidal -crystal lasers with a light-emitting planar defect,” Adv. Mater. 19(16), 2067–2072 (2007).
[Crossref]

Santhad, C.

W. Zhou, M. Zhenqiang, C. Santhad, Y. Shuai, J. Seo, D. Zhao, H. Yang, and W. Yang, “Semiconductor nanomembranes for integrated silicon photonics and flexible photonics,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 44(12-13), 605–611 (2012).
[Crossref]

Savage, D. E.

H. C. Yuan, Z. Ma, M. M. Roberts, D. E. Savage, and M. G. Lagally, “High-speed strained-single-crystal-silicon thin-film transistors on flexible polymers,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(1), 013708 (2006).
[Crossref]

Schares, L.

L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Schaub, J.

L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Schedin, F.

K. S. Novoselov, D. Jiang, F. Schedin, T. J. Booth, V. V. Khotkevich, S. V. Morozov, and A. K. Geim, “Two-dimensional atomic crystals,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102(30), 10451–10453 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmidt, O. G.

O. G. Schmidt and K. Eberl, “Nanotechnology. Thin solid films roll up into nanotubes,” Nature 410(6825), 168 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schmitz, J.

Schow, C.

L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Schuster, C.

L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Scott, S. A.

S. A. Scott and M. G. Lagally, “Elastically strain-sharing nanomembranes: flexible and transferable strained silicon and silicon–germanium alloys,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 40(4), R75–R92 (2007).
[Crossref]

Selvarasah, S.

S. Aksu, M. Huang, A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, S. Selvarasah, M. R. Dokmeci, and H. Altug, “Flexible Plasmonics on Unconventional and Nonplanar Substrates,” Adv. Mater. 23(38), 4422–4430 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Semichaevsky, A. V.

J. Yoon, L. Li, A. V. Semichaevsky, J. H. Ryu, H. T. Johnson, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible concentrator photovoltaics based on microscale silicon solar cells embedded in luminescent waveguides,” Nat Commun 2, 343 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Seo, J.

K. Zhang, J. Seo, W. Zhou, and Z. Ma, “Fast flexible electronics using transferrable silicon nanomembranes (Topical Review),” J. Phys. D. 45(14), 143001 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Zhou, M. Zhenqiang, C. Santhad, Y. Shuai, J. Seo, D. Zhao, H. Yang, and W. Yang, “Semiconductor nanomembranes for integrated silicon photonics and flexible photonics,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 44(12-13), 605–611 (2012).
[Crossref]

Seo, J. K.

Seo, J.-H.

H. Zhou, J.-H. Seo, D. M. Paskiewicz, Y. Zhu, G. K. Celler, P. M. Voyles, W. Zhou, M. G. Lagally, and Z. Ma, “Fast flexible electronics with strained silicon nanomembranes,” Sci Rep 3, 1291 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shan, L.

L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Shao, Y.

D. Hines, V. Ballarotto, E. Williams, Y. Shao, and S. Solin, “Transfer printing methods for the fabrication of flexible organic electronics,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(2), 024503 (2007).
[Crossref]

Sharkawy, A.

Shibata, S.

S. Shibata, M. Horiguchi, K. Jinguji, S. Mitachi, T. Kanamori, and T. Manabe, “Prediction of loss minima in infra-red optical fibers,” Electron. Lett. 17(21), 775–777 (1981).
[Crossref]

Shibata, T.

T. Shibata and A. Takahashi, “Flexible opto-electronic circuit board for in-device interconnection,” in Proc. 58th Electron. Compon. Technol. Conf. (IEEE, 2008), pp. 261–267.
[Crossref]

Shigeta, K.

D. Chanda, K. Shigeta, S. Gupta, T. Cain, A. Carlson, A. Mihi, A. J. Baca, G. R. Bogart, P. Braun, and J. A. Rogers, “Large-area flexible 3D optical negative index metamaterial formed by nanotransfer printing,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(7), 402–407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shin, G.

T. I. Kim, J. G. McCall, Y. H. Jung, X. Huang, E. R. Siuda, Y. Li, J. Song, Y. M. Song, H. A. Pao, R. H. Kim, C. Lu, S. D. Lee, I. S. Song, G. Shin, R. Al-Hasani, S. Kim, M. P. Tan, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, J. A. Rogers, and M. R. Bruchas, “Injectable, cellular-scale optoelectronics with applications for wireless optogenetics,” Science 340(6129), 211–216 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Shin, Y.

J. Ok, H. Youn, M. Kwak, K. Lee, Y. Shin, L. Guo, A. Greenwald, and Y. Liu, “Continuous and scalable fabrication of flexible metamaterial films via roll-to-roll nanoimprint process for broadband plasmonic infrared filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 223102 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shuai, Y.

W. Zhou, M. Zhenqiang, C. Santhad, Y. Shuai, J. Seo, D. Zhao, H. Yang, and W. Yang, “Semiconductor nanomembranes for integrated silicon photonics and flexible photonics,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 44(12-13), 605–611 (2012).
[Crossref]

Singh, V.

Siuda, E. R.

T. I. Kim, J. G. McCall, Y. H. Jung, X. Huang, E. R. Siuda, Y. Li, J. Song, Y. M. Song, H. A. Pao, R. H. Kim, C. Lu, S. D. Lee, I. S. Song, G. Shin, R. Al-Hasani, S. Kim, M. P. Tan, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, J. A. Rogers, and M. R. Bruchas, “Injectable, cellular-scale optoelectronics with applications for wireless optogenetics,” Science 340(6129), 211–216 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Slepian, M. J.

S. W. Hwang, H. Tao, D. H. Kim, H. Cheng, J. K. Song, E. Rill, M. A. Brenckle, B. Panilaitis, S. M. Won, Y. S. Kim, Y. M. Song, K. J. Yu, A. Ameen, R. Li, Y. Su, M. Yang, D. L. Kaplan, M. R. Zakin, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “A physically transient form of silicon electronics,” Science 337(6102), 1640–1644 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ghaffari, Y. S. Kim, S. P. Lee, L. Xu, J. Wu, R. H. Kim, J. Song, Z. Liu, J. Viventi, B. de Graff, B. Elolampi, M. Mansour, M. J. Slepian, S. Hwang, J. D. Moss, S. M. Won, Y. Huang, B. Litt, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials for multifunctional balloon catheters with capabilities in cardiac electrophysiological mapping and ablation therapy,” Nat. Mater. 10(4), 316–323 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Solin, S.

D. Hines, V. Ballarotto, E. Williams, Y. Shao, and S. Solin, “Transfer printing methods for the fabrication of flexible organic electronics,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(2), 024503 (2007).
[Crossref]

Song, H.

B. Bhola, H. Song, H. Tazawa, and W. Steier, “Polymer microresonator strain sensors,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(4), 867–869 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Song, M. Oh, S. Ahn, W. Steier, H. R. Fetterman, and C. Zhang, “Flexible low voltage electro-optic polymer modulators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(25), 4432–4434 (2003).
[Crossref]

Song, I. S.

T. I. Kim, J. G. McCall, Y. H. Jung, X. Huang, E. R. Siuda, Y. Li, J. Song, Y. M. Song, H. A. Pao, R. H. Kim, C. Lu, S. D. Lee, I. S. Song, G. Shin, R. Al-Hasani, S. Kim, M. P. Tan, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, J. A. Rogers, and M. R. Bruchas, “Injectable, cellular-scale optoelectronics with applications for wireless optogenetics,” Science 340(6129), 211–216 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. I. Kim, Y. H. Jung, J. Song, D. Kim, Y. Li, H. S. Kim, I. S. Song, J. J. Wierer, H. A. Pao, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “High-efficiency, microscale GaN light-emitting diodes and their thermal properties on unusual substrates,” Small 8(11), 1643–1649 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Song, J.

T. I. Kim, J. G. McCall, Y. H. Jung, X. Huang, E. R. Siuda, Y. Li, J. Song, Y. M. Song, H. A. Pao, R. H. Kim, C. Lu, S. D. Lee, I. S. Song, G. Shin, R. Al-Hasani, S. Kim, M. P. Tan, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, J. A. Rogers, and M. R. Bruchas, “Injectable, cellular-scale optoelectronics with applications for wireless optogenetics,” Science 340(6129), 211–216 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. I. Kim, Y. H. Jung, J. Song, D. Kim, Y. Li, H. S. Kim, I. S. Song, J. J. Wierer, H. A. Pao, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “High-efficiency, microscale GaN light-emitting diodes and their thermal properties on unusual substrates,” Small 8(11), 1643–1649 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ghaffari, Y. S. Kim, S. P. Lee, L. Xu, J. Wu, R. H. Kim, J. Song, Z. Liu, J. Viventi, B. de Graff, B. Elolampi, M. Mansour, M. J. Slepian, S. Hwang, J. D. Moss, S. M. Won, Y. Huang, B. Litt, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials for multifunctional balloon catheters with capabilities in cardiac electrophysiological mapping and ablation therapy,” Nat. Mater. 10(4), 316–323 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Kim, J. H. Ahn, W. M. Choi, H. S. Kim, T. H. Kim, J. Song, Y. Y. Huang, Z. Liu, C. Lu, and J. A. Rogers, “Stretchable and foldable silicon integrated circuits,” Science 320(5875), 507–511 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C.-J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “A hemispherical electronic eye camera based on compressible silicon optoelectronics,” Nature 454(7205), 748–753 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Song, J. K.

S. W. Hwang, H. Tao, D. H. Kim, H. Cheng, J. K. Song, E. Rill, M. A. Brenckle, B. Panilaitis, S. M. Won, Y. S. Kim, Y. M. Song, K. J. Yu, A. Ameen, R. Li, Y. Su, M. Yang, D. L. Kaplan, M. R. Zakin, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “A physically transient form of silicon electronics,” Science 337(6102), 1640–1644 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Song, Y. M.

T. I. Kim, J. G. McCall, Y. H. Jung, X. Huang, E. R. Siuda, Y. Li, J. Song, Y. M. Song, H. A. Pao, R. H. Kim, C. Lu, S. D. Lee, I. S. Song, G. Shin, R. Al-Hasani, S. Kim, M. P. Tan, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, J. A. Rogers, and M. R. Bruchas, “Injectable, cellular-scale optoelectronics with applications for wireless optogenetics,” Science 340(6129), 211–216 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. M. Song, Y. Xie, V. Malyarchuk, J. Xiao, I. Jung, K. J. Choi, Z. Liu, H. Park, C. Lu, R. H. Kim, R. Li, K. B. Crozier, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye,” Nature 497(7447), 95–99 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. W. Hwang, H. Tao, D. H. Kim, H. Cheng, J. K. Song, E. Rill, M. A. Brenckle, B. Panilaitis, S. M. Won, Y. S. Kim, Y. M. Song, K. J. Yu, A. Ameen, R. Li, Y. Su, M. Yang, D. L. Kaplan, M. R. Zakin, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “A physically transient form of silicon electronics,” Science 337(6102), 1640–1644 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Soref, R.

W. Yang, H. Yang, G. Qin, Z. Ma, J. Berggren, M. Hammar, R. Soref, and W. Zhou, “Large-area InP-based crystalline nanomembrane flexible photodetectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 121107 (2010).
[Crossref]

Steier, W.

B. Bhola, H. Song, H. Tazawa, and W. Steier, “Polymer microresonator strain sensors,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(4), 867–869 (2005).
[Crossref]

H. Song, M. Oh, S. Ahn, W. Steier, H. R. Fetterman, and C. Zhang, “Flexible low voltage electro-optic polymer modulators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(25), 4432–4434 (2003).
[Crossref]

Stewart, W.

Stoykovich, M. P.

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C.-J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “A hemispherical electronic eye camera based on compressible silicon optoelectronics,” Nature 454(7205), 748–753 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Su, Y.

S. W. Hwang, H. Tao, D. H. Kim, H. Cheng, J. K. Song, E. Rill, M. A. Brenckle, B. Panilaitis, S. M. Won, Y. S. Kim, Y. M. Song, K. J. Yu, A. Ameen, R. Li, Y. Su, M. Yang, D. L. Kaplan, M. R. Zakin, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “A physically transient form of silicon electronics,” Science 337(6102), 1640–1644 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Subbaraman, H.

Sun, J.

L. Zhou, A. Wanga, S. Wu, J. Sun, S. Park, and T. Jackson, “All-organic active matrix flexible display,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(8), 083502 (2006).
[Crossref]

Sun, L.

L. Sun, G. Qin, G. K. Celler, W. Zhou, and Z. Ma, “12-GHz thin-film transistors with transferrable silicon nanomembranes for high-performance massive flexible electronics,” Small 6, 2553–2557 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Swatowski, B.

B. Swatowski, C. Amb, S. Breed, D. Deshazer, W. Ken Weidner, R. Dangel, N. Meier, and B. Offrein, “Flexible, stable, and easily processable optical silicones for low loss polymer waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 8622, 8622–8624 (2013).
[Crossref]

Taillaert, D.

D. Taillaert, W. Paepegem, J. Vlekken, and R. Baets, “A thin foil optical strain gage based on silicon-oninsulator microresonators,” Proc. SPIE 6619, 661914, 661914-4 (2007).
[Crossref]

Takahashi, A.

T. Shibata and A. Takahashi, “Flexible opto-electronic circuit board for in-device interconnection,” in Proc. 58th Electron. Compon. Technol. Conf. (IEEE, 2008), pp. 261–267.
[Crossref]

Tan, M.

L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tan, M. P.

T. I. Kim, J. G. McCall, Y. H. Jung, X. Huang, E. R. Siuda, Y. Li, J. Song, Y. M. Song, H. A. Pao, R. H. Kim, C. Lu, S. D. Lee, I. S. Song, G. Shin, R. Al-Hasani, S. Kim, M. P. Tan, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, J. A. Rogers, and M. R. Bruchas, “Injectable, cellular-scale optoelectronics with applications for wireless optogenetics,” Science 340(6129), 211–216 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tandon, A.

L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tao, H.

R. H. Kim, H. Tao, T. I. Kim, Y. Zhang, S. Kim, B. Panilaitis, M. Yang, D. H. Kim, Y. H. Jung, B. H. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials and designs for wirelessly powered implantable light-emitting systems,” Small 8(18), 2812–2818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. W. Hwang, H. Tao, D. H. Kim, H. Cheng, J. K. Song, E. Rill, M. A. Brenckle, B. Panilaitis, S. M. Won, Y. S. Kim, Y. M. Song, K. J. Yu, A. Ameen, R. Li, Y. Su, M. Yang, D. L. Kaplan, M. R. Zakin, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “A physically transient form of silicon electronics,” Science 337(6102), 1640–1644 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ma, Y. S. Kim, R. H. Kim, S. Wang, J. Wu, S. M. Won, H. Tao, A. Islam, K. J. Yu, T. I. Kim, R. Chowdhury, M. Ying, L. Xu, M. Li, H. J. Chung, H. Keum, M. McCormick, P. Liu, Y. W. Zhang, F. G. Omenetto, Y. Huang, T. Coleman, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal electronics,” Science 333(6044), 838–843 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tazawa, H.

B. Bhola, H. Song, H. Tazawa, and W. Steier, “Polymer microresonator strain sensors,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(4), 867–869 (2005).
[Crossref]

Testillano, V. C.

Trewhella, J.

L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Trott, G.

L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Tsang, C.

L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

Van Daele, P.

E. Bosman, G. Van Steenberge, B. Van Hoe, J. Missinne, J. Vanfleteren, and P. Van Daele, “Highly Reliable Flexible Active Optical Links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(5), 287–289 (2010).
[Crossref]

Van Hoe, B.

E. Bosman, G. Van Steenberge, B. Van Hoe, J. Missinne, J. Vanfleteren, and P. Van Daele, “Highly Reliable Flexible Active Optical Links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(5), 287–289 (2010).
[Crossref]

Van Steenberge, G.

E. Bosman, G. Van Steenberge, B. Van Hoe, J. Missinne, J. Vanfleteren, and P. Van Daele, “Highly Reliable Flexible Active Optical Links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(5), 287–289 (2010).
[Crossref]

Vanfleteren, J.

R. Verplancke, F. Bossuyt, D. Cuypers, and J. Vanfleteren, “Thin-film stretchable electronics technology based on meandering interconnections: fabrication and mechanical performance,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 22(1), 015002 (2012).
[Crossref]

E. Bosman, G. Van Steenberge, B. Van Hoe, J. Missinne, J. Vanfleteren, and P. Van Daele, “Highly Reliable Flexible Active Optical Links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(5), 287–289 (2010).
[Crossref]

Varghese, L. T.

Verplancke, R.

R. Verplancke, F. Bossuyt, D. Cuypers, and J. Vanfleteren, “Thin-film stretchable electronics technology based on meandering interconnections: fabrication and mechanical performance,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 22(1), 015002 (2012).
[Crossref]

Viventi, J.

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ghaffari, Y. S. Kim, S. P. Lee, L. Xu, J. Wu, R. H. Kim, J. Song, Z. Liu, J. Viventi, B. de Graff, B. Elolampi, M. Mansour, M. J. Slepian, S. Hwang, J. D. Moss, S. M. Won, Y. Huang, B. Litt, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials for multifunctional balloon catheters with capabilities in cardiac electrophysiological mapping and ablation therapy,” Nat. Mater. 10(4), 316–323 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Vlekken, J.

D. Taillaert, W. Paepegem, J. Vlekken, and R. Baets, “A thin foil optical strain gage based on silicon-oninsulator microresonators,” Proc. SPIE 6619, 661914, 661914-4 (2007).
[Crossref]

Voyles, P. M.

H. Zhou, J.-H. Seo, D. M. Paskiewicz, Y. Zhu, G. K. Celler, P. M. Voyles, W. Zhou, M. G. Lagally, and Z. Ma, “Fast flexible electronics with strained silicon nanomembranes,” Sci Rep 3, 1291 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, J.

Wang, L.

Wang, S.

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ma, Y. S. Kim, R. H. Kim, S. Wang, J. Wu, S. M. Won, H. Tao, A. Islam, K. J. Yu, T. I. Kim, R. Chowdhury, M. Ying, L. Xu, M. Li, H. J. Chung, H. Keum, M. McCormick, P. Liu, Y. W. Zhang, F. G. Omenetto, Y. Huang, T. Coleman, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal electronics,” Science 333(6044), 838–843 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yoon, A. J. Baca, S. I. Park, P. Elvikis, J. B. Geddes, L. Li, R. H. Kim, J. Xiao, S. Wang, T. H. Kim, M. J. Motala, B. Y. Ahn, E. B. Duoss, J. A. Lewis, R. G. Nuzzo, P. M. Ferreira, Y. Huang, A. Rockett, and J. A. Rogers, “Ultrathin silicon solar microcells for semitransparent, mechanically flexible and microconcentrator module designs,” Nat. Mater. 7(11), 907–915 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C.-J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “A hemispherical electronic eye camera based on compressible silicon optoelectronics,” Nature 454(7205), 748–753 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wang, X.

Wanga, A.

L. Zhou, A. Wanga, S. Wu, J. Sun, S. Park, and T. Jackson, “All-organic active matrix flexible display,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(8), 083502 (2006).
[Crossref]

Wierer, J. J.

T. I. Kim, Y. H. Jung, J. Song, D. Kim, Y. Li, H. S. Kim, I. S. Song, J. J. Wierer, H. A. Pao, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “High-efficiency, microscale GaN light-emitting diodes and their thermal properties on unusual substrates,” Small 8(11), 1643–1649 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Williams, E.

D. Hines, V. Ballarotto, E. Williams, Y. Shao, and S. Solin, “Transfer printing methods for the fabrication of flexible organic electronics,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(2), 024503 (2007).
[Crossref]

Winick, K. A.

J. Kim, C. Florea, K. A. Winick, and M. McCoy, “Design and fabrication of low-loss hydrogenated amorphous silicon overlay DBR for glass waveguide devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(6), 1307–1315 (2002).
[Crossref]

Won, S. M.

S. W. Hwang, H. Tao, D. H. Kim, H. Cheng, J. K. Song, E. Rill, M. A. Brenckle, B. Panilaitis, S. M. Won, Y. S. Kim, Y. M. Song, K. J. Yu, A. Ameen, R. Li, Y. Su, M. Yang, D. L. Kaplan, M. R. Zakin, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “A physically transient form of silicon electronics,” Science 337(6102), 1640–1644 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ma, Y. S. Kim, R. H. Kim, S. Wang, J. Wu, S. M. Won, H. Tao, A. Islam, K. J. Yu, T. I. Kim, R. Chowdhury, M. Ying, L. Xu, M. Li, H. J. Chung, H. Keum, M. McCormick, P. Liu, Y. W. Zhang, F. G. Omenetto, Y. Huang, T. Coleman, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal electronics,” Science 333(6044), 838–843 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ghaffari, Y. S. Kim, S. P. Lee, L. Xu, J. Wu, R. H. Kim, J. Song, Z. Liu, J. Viventi, B. de Graff, B. Elolampi, M. Mansour, M. J. Slepian, S. Hwang, J. D. Moss, S. M. Won, Y. Huang, B. Litt, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials for multifunctional balloon catheters with capabilities in cardiac electrophysiological mapping and ablation therapy,” Nat. Mater. 10(4), 316–323 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wörhoff, K.

Wu, J.

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ma, Y. S. Kim, R. H. Kim, S. Wang, J. Wu, S. M. Won, H. Tao, A. Islam, K. J. Yu, T. I. Kim, R. Chowdhury, M. Ying, L. Xu, M. Li, H. J. Chung, H. Keum, M. McCormick, P. Liu, Y. W. Zhang, F. G. Omenetto, Y. Huang, T. Coleman, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal electronics,” Science 333(6044), 838–843 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ghaffari, Y. S. Kim, S. P. Lee, L. Xu, J. Wu, R. H. Kim, J. Song, Z. Liu, J. Viventi, B. de Graff, B. Elolampi, M. Mansour, M. J. Slepian, S. Hwang, J. D. Moss, S. M. Won, Y. Huang, B. Litt, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials for multifunctional balloon catheters with capabilities in cardiac electrophysiological mapping and ablation therapy,” Nat. Mater. 10(4), 316–323 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wu, S.

L. Zhou, A. Wanga, S. Wu, J. Sun, S. Park, and T. Jackson, “All-organic active matrix flexible display,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(8), 083502 (2006).
[Crossref]

Xiao, J.

Y. M. Song, Y. Xie, V. Malyarchuk, J. Xiao, I. Jung, K. J. Choi, Z. Liu, H. Park, C. Lu, R. H. Kim, R. Li, K. B. Crozier, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye,” Nature 497(7447), 95–99 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C.-J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “A hemispherical electronic eye camera based on compressible silicon optoelectronics,” Nature 454(7205), 748–753 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yoon, A. J. Baca, S. I. Park, P. Elvikis, J. B. Geddes, L. Li, R. H. Kim, J. Xiao, S. Wang, T. H. Kim, M. J. Motala, B. Y. Ahn, E. B. Duoss, J. A. Lewis, R. G. Nuzzo, P. M. Ferreira, Y. Huang, A. Rockett, and J. A. Rogers, “Ultrathin silicon solar microcells for semitransparent, mechanically flexible and microconcentrator module designs,” Nat. Mater. 7(11), 907–915 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xie, Y.

Y. M. Song, Y. Xie, V. Malyarchuk, J. Xiao, I. Jung, K. J. Choi, Z. Liu, H. Park, C. Lu, R. H. Kim, R. Li, K. B. Crozier, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye,” Nature 497(7447), 95–99 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, L.

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ghaffari, Y. S. Kim, S. P. Lee, L. Xu, J. Wu, R. H. Kim, J. Song, Z. Liu, J. Viventi, B. de Graff, B. Elolampi, M. Mansour, M. J. Slepian, S. Hwang, J. D. Moss, S. M. Won, Y. Huang, B. Litt, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials for multifunctional balloon catheters with capabilities in cardiac electrophysiological mapping and ablation therapy,” Nat. Mater. 10(4), 316–323 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ma, Y. S. Kim, R. H. Kim, S. Wang, J. Wu, S. M. Won, H. Tao, A. Islam, K. J. Yu, T. I. Kim, R. Chowdhury, M. Ying, L. Xu, M. Li, H. J. Chung, H. Keum, M. McCormick, P. Liu, Y. W. Zhang, F. G. Omenetto, Y. Huang, T. Coleman, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal electronics,” Science 333(6044), 838–843 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Xu, X.

Xuan, Y.

Yang, H.

W. Zhou, M. Zhenqiang, C. Santhad, Y. Shuai, J. Seo, D. Zhao, H. Yang, and W. Yang, “Semiconductor nanomembranes for integrated silicon photonics and flexible photonics,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 44(12-13), 605–611 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Yang, H. Yang, G. Qin, Z. Ma, J. Berggren, M. Hammar, R. Soref, and W. Zhou, “Large-area InP-based crystalline nanomembrane flexible photodetectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 121107 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Zhou, Z. Ma, H. Yang, Z. Qiang, G. Qin, H. Pang, L. Chen, W. Yang, S. Chuwongin, and D. Zhao, “Flexible photonic-crystal Fano filters based on transferred semiconductor nanomembranes,” J. Phys. D 42(23), 234007 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. Chen, Z. Qiang, H. Yang, H. Pang, Z. Ma, and W. D. Zhou, “Polarization and angular dependent transmissions on transferred nanomembrane Fano filters,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8396–8406 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Qiang, H. Yang, L. Chen, H. Pang, Z. Ma, and W. Zhou, “Fano filters based on transferred silicon nanomembranes on plastic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061106 (2008).
[Crossref]

H. Yang, Z. Qiang, H. Pang, Z. Ma, and W. D. Zhou, “Surface-normal fano filters based on transferred silicon nanomembranes on glass substrates,” Electron. Lett. 44(14), 858–859 (2008).
[Crossref]

Yang, M.

R. H. Kim, H. Tao, T. I. Kim, Y. Zhang, S. Kim, B. Panilaitis, M. Yang, D. H. Kim, Y. H. Jung, B. H. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials and designs for wirelessly powered implantable light-emitting systems,” Small 8(18), 2812–2818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. W. Hwang, H. Tao, D. H. Kim, H. Cheng, J. K. Song, E. Rill, M. A. Brenckle, B. Panilaitis, S. M. Won, Y. S. Kim, Y. M. Song, K. J. Yu, A. Ameen, R. Li, Y. Su, M. Yang, D. L. Kaplan, M. R. Zakin, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “A physically transient form of silicon electronics,” Science 337(6102), 1640–1644 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yang, W.

W. Zhou, M. Zhenqiang, C. Santhad, Y. Shuai, J. Seo, D. Zhao, H. Yang, and W. Yang, “Semiconductor nanomembranes for integrated silicon photonics and flexible photonics,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 44(12-13), 605–611 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Yang, H. Yang, G. Qin, Z. Ma, J. Berggren, M. Hammar, R. Soref, and W. Zhou, “Large-area InP-based crystalline nanomembrane flexible photodetectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 121107 (2010).
[Crossref]

W. Zhou, Z. Ma, H. Yang, Z. Qiang, G. Qin, H. Pang, L. Chen, W. Yang, S. Chuwongin, and D. Zhao, “Flexible photonic-crystal Fano filters based on transferred semiconductor nanomembranes,” J. Phys. D 42(23), 234007 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yanik, A. A.

S. Aksu, M. Huang, A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, S. Selvarasah, M. R. Dokmeci, and H. Altug, “Flexible Plasmonics on Unconventional and Nonplanar Substrates,” Adv. Mater. 23(38), 4422–4430 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yariv, A.

Y. Huang, G. Paloczi, A. Yariv, C. Zhang, and L. Dalton, “Fabrication and replication of polymer integrated optical devices using electron-beam lithography and soft lithography,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(25), 8606–8613 (2004).
[Crossref]

G. Paloczi, Y. Huang, and A. Yariv, “Free-standing all-polymer microring resonator optical filter,” Electron. Lett. 39(23), 1650–1651 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ying, M.

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ma, Y. S. Kim, R. H. Kim, S. Wang, J. Wu, S. M. Won, H. Tao, A. Islam, K. J. Yu, T. I. Kim, R. Chowdhury, M. Ying, L. Xu, M. Li, H. J. Chung, H. Keum, M. McCormick, P. Liu, Y. W. Zhang, F. G. Omenetto, Y. Huang, T. Coleman, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal electronics,” Science 333(6044), 838–843 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yoon, J.

J. Yoon, L. Li, A. V. Semichaevsky, J. H. Ryu, H. T. Johnson, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible concentrator photovoltaics based on microscale silicon solar cells embedded in luminescent waveguides,” Nat Commun 2, 343 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Yoon, A. J. Baca, S. I. Park, P. Elvikis, J. B. Geddes, L. Li, R. H. Kim, J. Xiao, S. Wang, T. H. Kim, M. J. Motala, B. Y. Ahn, E. B. Duoss, J. A. Lewis, R. G. Nuzzo, P. M. Ferreira, Y. Huang, A. Rockett, and J. A. Rogers, “Ultrathin silicon solar microcells for semitransparent, mechanically flexible and microconcentrator module designs,” Nat. Mater. 7(11), 907–915 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Youn, H.

J. Ok, H. Youn, M. Kwak, K. Lee, Y. Shin, L. Guo, A. Greenwald, and Y. Liu, “Continuous and scalable fabrication of flexible metamaterial films via roll-to-roll nanoimprint process for broadband plasmonic infrared filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 223102 (2012).
[Crossref]

Yu, C. L.

C. L. Yu, H. Kim, N. de Leon, I. W. Frank, J. T. Robinson, M. McCutcheon, M. Liu, M. D. Lukin, M. Loncar, and H. Park, “Stretchable photonic crystal cavity with wide frequency tunability,” Nano Lett. 13(1), 248–252 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, C.-J.

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C.-J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “A hemispherical electronic eye camera based on compressible silicon optoelectronics,” Nature 454(7205), 748–753 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, K. J.

S. W. Hwang, H. Tao, D. H. Kim, H. Cheng, J. K. Song, E. Rill, M. A. Brenckle, B. Panilaitis, S. M. Won, Y. S. Kim, Y. M. Song, K. J. Yu, A. Ameen, R. Li, Y. Su, M. Yang, D. L. Kaplan, M. R. Zakin, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “A physically transient form of silicon electronics,” Science 337(6102), 1640–1644 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ma, Y. S. Kim, R. H. Kim, S. Wang, J. Wu, S. M. Won, H. Tao, A. Islam, K. J. Yu, T. I. Kim, R. Chowdhury, M. Ying, L. Xu, M. Li, H. J. Chung, H. Keum, M. McCormick, P. Liu, Y. W. Zhang, F. G. Omenetto, Y. Huang, T. Coleman, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal electronics,” Science 333(6044), 838–843 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yu, Z.

Z. Yu, X. Niu, Z. Liu, and Q. Pei, “Intrinsically stretchable polymer light-emitting devices using carbon nanotube-polymer composite electrodes,” Adv. Mater. 23(34), 3989–3994 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yuan, H. C.

H. C. Yuan, G. K. Celler, and Z. Ma, “7.8-GHz flexible thin-film transistors on a low-temperature plastic substrate,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(3), 034501 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. C. Yuan and Z. Ma, “Microwave thin-film transistors using Si nanomembranes on flexible polymer substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(21), 212105 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. C. Yuan, Z. Ma, M. M. Roberts, D. E. Savage, and M. G. Lagally, “High-speed strained-single-crystal-silicon thin-film transistors on flexible polymers,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(1), 013708 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zablocki, M. J.

Zakin, M. R.

S. W. Hwang, H. Tao, D. H. Kim, H. Cheng, J. K. Song, E. Rill, M. A. Brenckle, B. Panilaitis, S. M. Won, Y. S. Kim, Y. M. Song, K. J. Yu, A. Ameen, R. Li, Y. Su, M. Yang, D. L. Kaplan, M. R. Zakin, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “A physically transient form of silicon electronics,” Science 337(6102), 1640–1644 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zdyrko, B.

Zha, Y.

Y. Zha, S. Fingerman, S. Cantrell, and C. Arnold, “Pore formation and removal in solution-processed amorphous arsenic sulfide films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 369, 11–16 (2013).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

Y. Huang, G. Paloczi, A. Yariv, C. Zhang, and L. Dalton, “Fabrication and replication of polymer integrated optical devices using electron-beam lithography and soft lithography,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(25), 8606–8613 (2004).
[Crossref]

H. Song, M. Oh, S. Ahn, W. Steier, H. R. Fetterman, and C. Zhang, “Flexible low voltage electro-optic polymer modulators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(25), 4432–4434 (2003).
[Crossref]

Zhang, K.

K. Zhang, J. Seo, W. Zhou, and Z. Ma, “Fast flexible electronics using transferrable silicon nanomembranes (Topical Review),” J. Phys. D. 45(14), 143001 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Y.

R. H. Kim, H. Tao, T. I. Kim, Y. Zhang, S. Kim, B. Panilaitis, M. Yang, D. H. Kim, Y. H. Jung, B. H. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials and designs for wirelessly powered implantable light-emitting systems,” Small 8(18), 2812–2818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhang, Y. W.

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ma, Y. S. Kim, R. H. Kim, S. Wang, J. Wu, S. M. Won, H. Tao, A. Islam, K. J. Yu, T. I. Kim, R. Chowdhury, M. Ying, L. Xu, M. Li, H. J. Chung, H. Keum, M. McCormick, P. Liu, Y. W. Zhang, F. G. Omenetto, Y. Huang, T. Coleman, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal electronics,” Science 333(6044), 838–843 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhao, D.

W. Zhou, M. Zhenqiang, C. Santhad, Y. Shuai, J. Seo, D. Zhao, H. Yang, and W. Yang, “Semiconductor nanomembranes for integrated silicon photonics and flexible photonics,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 44(12-13), 605–611 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Zhou, Z. Ma, H. Yang, Z. Qiang, G. Qin, H. Pang, L. Chen, W. Yang, S. Chuwongin, and D. Zhao, “Flexible photonic-crystal Fano filters based on transferred semiconductor nanomembranes,” J. Phys. D 42(23), 234007 (2009).
[Crossref]

Zhenqiang, M.

W. Zhou, M. Zhenqiang, C. Santhad, Y. Shuai, J. Seo, D. Zhao, H. Yang, and W. Yang, “Semiconductor nanomembranes for integrated silicon photonics and flexible photonics,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 44(12-13), 605–611 (2012).
[Crossref]

Zhou, H.

H. Zhou, J.-H. Seo, D. M. Paskiewicz, Y. Zhu, G. K. Celler, P. M. Voyles, W. Zhou, M. G. Lagally, and Z. Ma, “Fast flexible electronics with strained silicon nanomembranes,” Sci Rep 3, 1291 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhou, L.

L. Zhou, A. Wanga, S. Wu, J. Sun, S. Park, and T. Jackson, “All-organic active matrix flexible display,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(8), 083502 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zhou, W.

H. Zhou, J.-H. Seo, D. M. Paskiewicz, Y. Zhu, G. K. Celler, P. M. Voyles, W. Zhou, M. G. Lagally, and Z. Ma, “Fast flexible electronics with strained silicon nanomembranes,” Sci Rep 3, 1291 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Zhou, M. Zhenqiang, C. Santhad, Y. Shuai, J. Seo, D. Zhao, H. Yang, and W. Yang, “Semiconductor nanomembranes for integrated silicon photonics and flexible photonics,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 44(12-13), 605–611 (2012).
[Crossref]

K. Zhang, J. Seo, W. Zhou, and Z. Ma, “Fast flexible electronics using transferrable silicon nanomembranes (Topical Review),” J. Phys. D. 45(14), 143001 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Yang, H. Yang, G. Qin, Z. Ma, J. Berggren, M. Hammar, R. Soref, and W. Zhou, “Large-area InP-based crystalline nanomembrane flexible photodetectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 121107 (2010).
[Crossref]

L. Sun, G. Qin, G. K. Celler, W. Zhou, and Z. Ma, “12-GHz thin-film transistors with transferrable silicon nanomembranes for high-performance massive flexible electronics,” Small 6, 2553–2557 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. Zhou, Z. Ma, H. Yang, Z. Qiang, G. Qin, H. Pang, L. Chen, W. Yang, S. Chuwongin, and D. Zhao, “Flexible photonic-crystal Fano filters based on transferred semiconductor nanomembranes,” J. Phys. D 42(23), 234007 (2009).
[Crossref]

Z. Qiang, H. Yang, L. Chen, H. Pang, Z. Ma, and W. Zhou, “Fano filters based on transferred silicon nanomembranes on plastic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061106 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhou, W. D.

L. Chen, Z. Qiang, H. Yang, H. Pang, Z. Ma, and W. D. Zhou, “Polarization and angular dependent transmissions on transferred nanomembrane Fano filters,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8396–8406 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Yang, Z. Qiang, H. Pang, Z. Ma, and W. D. Zhou, “Surface-normal fano filters based on transferred silicon nanomembranes on glass substrates,” Electron. Lett. 44(14), 858–859 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhu, Y.

H. Zhou, J.-H. Seo, D. M. Paskiewicz, Y. Zhu, G. K. Celler, P. M. Voyles, W. Zhou, M. G. Lagally, and Z. Ma, “Fast flexible electronics with strained silicon nanomembranes,” Sci Rep 3, 1291 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Zhu, Z. T.

S. Mack, M. A. Meitl, A. J. Baca, Z. T. Zhu, and J. A. Rogers, “Mechanically flexible thin-film transistors that use ultrathin ribbons of silicon derived from bulk wafers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(21), 213101 (2006).
[Crossref]

M. A. Meitl, Z. T. Zhu, V. Kumar, K. J. Lee, X. Feng, Y. Y. Huang, I. Adesida, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Transfer printing by kinetic control of adhesion to an elastomeric stamp,” Nat. Mater. 5(1), 33–38 (2006).
[Crossref]

Zou, Y.

H. Lin, L. Li, Y. Zou, O. Ogbuu, S. Danto, J. D. Musgraves, K. Richardson, and J. Hu, “Chalcogenide glass planar photonics: from mid-IR sensing to 3-D flexible substrate integration,” Proc. SPIE 8600, 8600–8620 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Zou, H. Lin, O. Ogbuu, L. Li, S. Danto, S. Novak, J. Novak, J. D. Musgraves, K. Richardson, and J. Hu, “Effect of annealing conditions on the physio-chemical properties of spin-coated As2Se3 chalcogenide glass films,” Opt. Mater. Express 2(12), 1723–1732 (2012).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (6)

Z. Yu, X. Niu, Z. Liu, and Q. Pei, “Intrinsically stretchable polymer light-emitting devices using carbon nanotube-polymer composite electrodes,” Adv. Mater. 23(34), 3989–3994 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Ahn and L. Guo, “High-speed roll-to-roll nanoimprint lithography on flexible plastic substrates,” Adv. Mater. 20(11), 2044–2049 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Furumi, H. Fudouzi, H. Miyazaki, and Y. Sakka, “Flexible polymer colloidal -crystal lasers with a light-emitting planar defect,” Adv. Mater. 19(16), 2067–2072 (2007).
[Crossref]

D. Kim and J. A. Rogers, “Stretchable electronics: Materials strategies and devices,” Adv. Mater. 20(24), 4887–4892 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Aksu, M. Huang, A. Artar, A. A. Yanik, S. Selvarasah, M. R. Dokmeci, and H. Altug, “Flexible Plasmonics on Unconventional and Nonplanar Substrates,” Adv. Mater. 23(38), 4422–4430 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Ma, A. K.-Y. Jen, and L. Dalton, “Polymer-based optical waveguides: materials, processing, and devices,” Adv. Mater. 14(19), 1339–1365 (2002).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (9)

Z. Qiang, H. Yang, L. Chen, H. Pang, Z. Ma, and W. Zhou, “Fano filters based on transferred silicon nanomembranes on plastic substrates,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 93(6), 061106 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Mack, M. A. Meitl, A. J. Baca, Z. T. Zhu, and J. A. Rogers, “Mechanically flexible thin-film transistors that use ultrathin ribbons of silicon derived from bulk wafers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(21), 213101 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. Lu, L. Chiu, P. Lin, and P. Lee, “One-dimensional photonic crystal nanobeam lasers on a flexible substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 99(7), 071101 (2011).
[Crossref]

W. Yang, H. Yang, G. Qin, Z. Ma, J. Berggren, M. Hammar, R. Soref, and W. Zhou, “Large-area InP-based crystalline nanomembrane flexible photodetectors,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 96(12), 121107 (2010).
[Crossref]

H. C. Yuan and Z. Ma, “Microwave thin-film transistors using Si nanomembranes on flexible polymer substrate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 89(21), 212105 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. Song, M. Oh, S. Ahn, W. Steier, H. R. Fetterman, and C. Zhang, “Flexible low voltage electro-optic polymer modulators,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 82(25), 4432–4434 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Ok, H. Youn, M. Kwak, K. Lee, Y. Shin, L. Guo, A. Greenwald, and Y. Liu, “Continuous and scalable fabrication of flexible metamaterial films via roll-to-roll nanoimprint process for broadband plasmonic infrared filters,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 101(22), 223102 (2012).
[Crossref]

W. Park and J. Lee, “Mechanically tunable photonic crystal structure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85(21), 4845–4847 (2004).
[Crossref]

L. Zhou, A. Wanga, S. Wu, J. Sun, S. Park, and T. Jackson, “All-organic active matrix flexible display,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 88(8), 083502 (2006).
[Crossref]

Chin. Opt. Lett. (1)

Electron. Lett. (3)

G. Paloczi, Y. Huang, and A. Yariv, “Free-standing all-polymer microring resonator optical filter,” Electron. Lett. 39(23), 1650–1651 (2003).
[Crossref]

H. Yang, Z. Qiang, H. Pang, Z. Ma, and W. D. Zhou, “Surface-normal fano filters based on transferred silicon nanomembranes on glass substrates,” Electron. Lett. 44(14), 858–859 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Shibata, M. Horiguchi, K. Jinguji, S. Mitachi, T. Kanamori, and T. Manabe, “Prediction of loss minima in infra-red optical fibers,” Electron. Lett. 17(21), 775–777 (1981).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (3)

J. E. Bowers, H. Park, A. W. Fang, O. Cohen, R. Jones, and M. Paniccia, “Design and fabrication of optically pumped hybrid silicon-AlGaInAs evanescent lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(6), 1657–1663 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Kim, C. Florea, K. A. Winick, and M. McCoy, “Design and fabrication of low-loss hydrogenated amorphous silicon overlay DBR for glass waveguide devices,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 8(6), 1307–1315 (2002).
[Crossref]

L. Schares, J. Kash, F. Doany, C. Schow, C. Schuster, D. Kuchta, P. Pepeljugoski, J. Trewhella, C. Baks, R. John, L. Shan, Y. Kwark, R. Budd, P. Chiniwalla, F. Libsch, J. Rosner, C. Tsang, C. Patel, J. Schaub, R. Dangel, F. Horst, B. Offrein, D. Kucharski, D. Guckenberger, S. Hegde, H. Nyikal, C. Lin, A. Tandon, G. Trott, M. Nystrom, D. Bour, M. Tan, and D. Dolfi, “Terabus: terabit/second-class card-level optical interconnect technologies,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12(5), 1032–1044 (2006).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. J. (1)

T. Kim, R. H. Kim, and J. A. Rogers, “Microscale inorganic light-emitting diodes on flexible and stretchable substrates,” IEEE Photon. J. 4(2), 607–612 (2012).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

B. Bhola, H. Song, H. Tazawa, and W. Steier, “Polymer microresonator strain sensors,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17(4), 867–869 (2005).
[Crossref]

E. Bosman, G. Van Steenberge, B. Van Hoe, J. Missinne, J. Vanfleteren, and P. Van Daele, “Highly Reliable Flexible Active Optical Links,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 22(5), 287–289 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (4)

C. Hsueh, “Modeling of elastic deformation of multilayers due to residual stresses and external bending,” J. Appl. Phys. 91(12), 9652–9656 (2002).
[Crossref]

D. Hines, V. Ballarotto, E. Williams, Y. Shao, and S. Solin, “Transfer printing methods for the fabrication of flexible organic electronics,” J. Appl. Phys. 101(2), 024503 (2007).
[Crossref]

H. C. Yuan, Z. Ma, M. M. Roberts, D. E. Savage, and M. G. Lagally, “High-speed strained-single-crystal-silicon thin-film transistors on flexible polymers,” J. Appl. Phys. 100(1), 013708 (2006).
[Crossref]

H. C. Yuan, G. K. Celler, and Z. Ma, “7.8-GHz flexible thin-film transistors on a low-temperature plastic substrate,” J. Appl. Phys. 102(3), 034501 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Mater. Res. (1)

D. P. Birnie, “Rational solvent selection strategies to combat striation formation during spin coating of thin films,” J. Mater. Res. 16(04), 1145–1154 (2001).
[Crossref]

J. Micromech. Microeng. (1)

R. Verplancke, F. Bossuyt, D. Cuypers, and J. Vanfleteren, “Thin-film stretchable electronics technology based on meandering interconnections: fabrication and mechanical performance,” J. Micromech. Microeng. 22(1), 015002 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

Y. Zha, S. Fingerman, S. Cantrell, and C. Arnold, “Pore formation and removal in solution-processed amorphous arsenic sulfide films,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 369, 11–16 (2013).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

Y. Huang, G. Paloczi, A. Yariv, C. Zhang, and L. Dalton, “Fabrication and replication of polymer integrated optical devices using electron-beam lithography and soft lithography,” J. Phys. Chem. B 108(25), 8606–8613 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D (1)

W. Zhou, Z. Ma, H. Yang, Z. Qiang, G. Qin, H. Pang, L. Chen, W. Yang, S. Chuwongin, and D. Zhao, “Flexible photonic-crystal Fano filters based on transferred semiconductor nanomembranes,” J. Phys. D 42(23), 234007 (2009).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. (1)

S. A. Scott and M. G. Lagally, “Elastically strain-sharing nanomembranes: flexible and transferable strained silicon and silicon–germanium alloys,” J. Phys. D Appl. Phys. 40(4), R75–R92 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. D. (1)

K. Zhang, J. Seo, W. Zhou, and Z. Ma, “Fast flexible electronics using transferrable silicon nanomembranes (Topical Review),” J. Phys. D. 45(14), 143001 (2012).
[Crossref]

Laser Focus World (1)

K. Cherenack, K. V. Os, and L. V. Pieterson, “Smart photonic textiles begin to weave their magic,” Laser Focus World 48, 63–66 (2012).

Nano Lett. (2)

C. L. Yu, H. Kim, N. de Leon, I. W. Frank, J. T. Robinson, M. McCutcheon, M. Liu, M. D. Lukin, M. Loncar, and H. Park, “Stretchable photonic crystal cavity with wide frequency tunability,” Nano Lett. 13(1), 248–252 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I. M. Pryce, K. Aydin, Y. A. Kelaita, R. M. Briggs, and H. A. Atwater, “Highly strained compliant optical metamaterials with large frequency tunability,” Nano Lett. 10(10), 4222–4227 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat Commun (1)

J. Yoon, L. Li, A. V. Semichaevsky, J. H. Ryu, H. T. Johnson, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Flexible concentrator photovoltaics based on microscale silicon solar cells embedded in luminescent waveguides,” Nat Commun 2, 343 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Mater. (3)

J. Yoon, A. J. Baca, S. I. Park, P. Elvikis, J. B. Geddes, L. Li, R. H. Kim, J. Xiao, S. Wang, T. H. Kim, M. J. Motala, B. Y. Ahn, E. B. Duoss, J. A. Lewis, R. G. Nuzzo, P. M. Ferreira, Y. Huang, A. Rockett, and J. A. Rogers, “Ultrathin silicon solar microcells for semitransparent, mechanically flexible and microconcentrator module designs,” Nat. Mater. 7(11), 907–915 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. A. Meitl, Z. T. Zhu, V. Kumar, K. J. Lee, X. Feng, Y. Y. Huang, I. Adesida, R. G. Nuzzo, and J. A. Rogers, “Transfer printing by kinetic control of adhesion to an elastomeric stamp,” Nat. Mater. 5(1), 33–38 (2006).
[Crossref]

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ghaffari, Y. S. Kim, S. P. Lee, L. Xu, J. Wu, R. H. Kim, J. Song, Z. Liu, J. Viventi, B. de Graff, B. Elolampi, M. Mansour, M. J. Slepian, S. Hwang, J. D. Moss, S. M. Won, Y. Huang, B. Litt, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials for multifunctional balloon catheters with capabilities in cardiac electrophysiological mapping and ablation therapy,” Nat. Mater. 10(4), 316–323 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (1)

D. Chanda, K. Shigeta, S. Gupta, T. Cain, A. Carlson, A. Mihi, A. J. Baca, G. R. Bogart, P. Braun, and J. A. Rogers, “Large-area flexible 3D optical negative index metamaterial formed by nanotransfer printing,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 6(7), 402–407 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Nat. Photonics (1)

J. Clark and G. Lanzani, “Organic photonics for communications,” Nat. Photonics 4(7), 438–446 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nature (4)

J. A. Rogers, M. G. Lagally, and R. G. Nuzzo, “Synthesis, assembly and applications of semiconductor nanomembranes,” Nature 477(7362), 45–53 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. C. Ko, M. P. Stoykovich, J. Song, V. Malyarchuk, W. M. Choi, C.-J. Yu, J. B. Geddes, J. Xiao, S. Wang, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “A hemispherical electronic eye camera based on compressible silicon optoelectronics,” Nature 454(7205), 748–753 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

O. G. Schmidt and K. Eberl, “Nanotechnology. Thin solid films roll up into nanotubes,” Nature 410(6825), 168 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. M. Song, Y. Xie, V. Malyarchuk, J. Xiao, I. Jung, K. J. Choi, Z. Liu, H. Park, C. Lu, R. H. Kim, R. Li, K. B. Crozier, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “Digital cameras with designs inspired by the arthropod eye,” Nature 497(7447), 95–99 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (10)

P. Horak, W. Stewart, and W. H. Loh, “Continuously tunable optical buffer with a dual silicon waveguide design,” Opt. Express 19(13), 12456–12461 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Olcum, A. Kocabas, G. Ertas, A. Atalar, and A. Aydinli, “Tunable surface plasmon resonance on an elastomeric substrate,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8542–8547 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. Carlie, J. D. Musgraves, B. Zdyrko, I. Luzinov, J. Hu, V. Singh, A. Agarwal, L. C. Kimerling, A. Canciamilla, F. Morichetti, A. Melloni, and K. Richardson, “Integrated chalcogenide waveguide resonators for mid-IR sensing: Leveraging material properties to meet fabrication challenges,” Opt. Express 18(25), 26728–26743 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H. Park, A. Fang, S. Kodama, and J. Bowers, “Hybrid silicon evanescent laser fabricated with a silicon waveguide and III-V offset quantum wells,” Opt. Express 13(23), 9460–9464 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Chen, Z. Qiang, H. Yang, H. Pang, Z. Ma, and W. D. Zhou, “Polarization and angular dependent transmissions on transferred nanomembrane Fano filters,” Opt. Express 17(10), 8396–8406 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Ghaffari, A. Hosseini, X. Xu, D. Kwong, H. Subbaraman, and R. T. Chen, “Transfer of micro and nano-photonic silicon nanomembrane waveguide devices on flexible substrates,” Opt. Express 18(19), 20086–20095 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Fan, L. T. Varghese, Y. Xuan, J. Wang, B. Niu, and M. Qi, “Direct fabrication of silicon photonic devices on a flexible platform and its application for strain sensing,” Opt. Express 20(18), 20564–20575 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. C. Martinez-Anton, H. Canabal, J. A. Quiroga, E. Bernabeu, M. A. Labajo, and V. C. Testillano, “Enhancement of surface inspection by Moiré interferometry using flexible reference gratings,” Opt. Express 8(12), 649–654 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. J. Kim, J. W. Kim, M. C. Oh, Y. O. Noh, and H. J. Lee, “Flexible polymer waveguide tunable lasers,” Opt. Express 18(8), 8392–8399 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

K. J. Kim, J. K. Seo, and M. C. Oh, “Strain induced tunable wavelength filters based on flexible polymer waveguide Bragg reflector,” Opt. Express 16(3), 1423–1430 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

W. Zhou, M. Zhenqiang, C. Santhad, Y. Shuai, J. Seo, D. Zhao, H. Yang, and W. Yang, “Semiconductor nanomembranes for integrated silicon photonics and flexible photonics,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 44(12-13), 605–611 (2012).
[Crossref]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2)

K. S. Novoselov, D. Jiang, F. Schedin, T. J. Booth, V. V. Khotkevich, S. V. Morozov, and A. K. Geim, “Two-dimensional atomic crystals,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 102(30), 10451–10453 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Rogers, Z. Bao, K. Baldwin, A. Dodabalapur, B. Crone, V. R. Raju, V. Kuck, H. Katz, K. Amundson, J. Ewing, and P. Drzaic, “Paper-like electronic displays: Large-area rubber-stamped plastic sheets of electronics and microencapsulated electrophoretic inks,” Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 98(9), 4835–4840 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (4)

H. Lin, L. Li, Y. Zou, O. Ogbuu, S. Danto, J. D. Musgraves, K. Richardson, and J. Hu, “Chalcogenide glass planar photonics: from mid-IR sensing to 3-D flexible substrate integration,” Proc. SPIE 8600, 8600–8620 (2013).
[Crossref]

D. Taillaert, W. Paepegem, J. Vlekken, and R. Baets, “A thin foil optical strain gage based on silicon-oninsulator microresonators,” Proc. SPIE 6619, 661914, 661914-4 (2007).
[Crossref]

B. Swatowski, C. Amb, S. Breed, D. Deshazer, W. Ken Weidner, R. Dangel, N. Meier, and B. Offrein, “Flexible, stable, and easily processable optical silicones for low loss polymer waveguides,” Proc. SPIE 8622, 8622–8624 (2013).
[Crossref]

Y. Maeda and Y. Hashiguchi, “Flexible film waveguides with excellent bending properties,” Proc. SPIE 6899, 68990D, 68990D-8 (2008).
[Crossref]

Sci Rep (2)

H. Zhou, J.-H. Seo, D. M. Paskiewicz, Y. Zhu, G. K. Celler, P. M. Voyles, W. Zhou, M. G. Lagally, and Z. Ma, “Fast flexible electronics with strained silicon nanomembranes,” Sci Rep 3, 1291 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, H. Li, and M. Li, “Flexible and tunable silicon photonic circuits on plastic substrates,” Sci Rep 2, 622 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (5)

D. H. Kim, J. H. Ahn, W. M. Choi, H. S. Kim, T. H. Kim, J. Song, Y. Y. Huang, Z. Liu, C. Lu, and J. A. Rogers, “Stretchable and foldable silicon integrated circuits,” Science 320(5875), 507–511 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. H. Kim, N. Lu, R. Ma, Y. S. Kim, R. H. Kim, S. Wang, J. Wu, S. M. Won, H. Tao, A. Islam, K. J. Yu, T. I. Kim, R. Chowdhury, M. Ying, L. Xu, M. Li, H. J. Chung, H. Keum, M. McCormick, P. Liu, Y. W. Zhang, F. G. Omenetto, Y. Huang, T. Coleman, and J. A. Rogers, “Epidermal electronics,” Science 333(6044), 838–843 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Z. Ma, “Materials science:An electronic second skin,” Science 333(6044), 830–831 (2011).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. I. Kim, J. G. McCall, Y. H. Jung, X. Huang, E. R. Siuda, Y. Li, J. Song, Y. M. Song, H. A. Pao, R. H. Kim, C. Lu, S. D. Lee, I. S. Song, G. Shin, R. Al-Hasani, S. Kim, M. P. Tan, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, J. A. Rogers, and M. R. Bruchas, “Injectable, cellular-scale optoelectronics with applications for wireless optogenetics,” Science 340(6129), 211–216 (2013).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. W. Hwang, H. Tao, D. H. Kim, H. Cheng, J. K. Song, E. Rill, M. A. Brenckle, B. Panilaitis, S. M. Won, Y. S. Kim, Y. M. Song, K. J. Yu, A. Ameen, R. Li, Y. Su, M. Yang, D. L. Kaplan, M. R. Zakin, M. J. Slepian, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “A physically transient form of silicon electronics,” Science 337(6102), 1640–1644 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Small (3)

T. I. Kim, Y. H. Jung, J. Song, D. Kim, Y. Li, H. S. Kim, I. S. Song, J. J. Wierer, H. A. Pao, Y. Huang, and J. A. Rogers, “High-efficiency, microscale GaN light-emitting diodes and their thermal properties on unusual substrates,” Small 8(11), 1643–1649 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. H. Kim, H. Tao, T. I. Kim, Y. Zhang, S. Kim, B. Panilaitis, M. Yang, D. H. Kim, Y. H. Jung, B. H. Kim, Y. Li, Y. Huang, F. G. Omenetto, and J. A. Rogers, “Materials and designs for wirelessly powered implantable light-emitting systems,” Small 8(18), 2812–2818 (2012).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Sun, G. Qin, G. K. Celler, W. Zhou, and Z. Ma, “12-GHz thin-film transistors with transferrable silicon nanomembranes for high-performance massive flexible electronics,” Small 6, 2553–2557 (2010).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (12)

J. Sandland, “Sputtered silicon oxynitride for microphotonics: a materials study,” Ph.D. thesis, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (2005).

R. Bockstaele, M. De Wilde, W. Meeus, H. Sergeant, O. Rits, J. Van Campenhout, J. De Baets, P. Van Daele, F. Dorgeuille, S. Eitel, M. Klemenc, R. Annen, J. Van Koetsem, J. Goudeau, B. Bareel, R. Fries, P. Straub, F. Marion, J. Routin, and R. Baets, “Chip-to-chip parallel optical interconnects over optical backpanels based on arrays of multimode waveguides,” Proc. Symp. IEEE/LEOS 61–64 (2004).

D. Butler, M. Li, S. Li, K. Matthews, V. Nazarov, A. Koklyushkin, R. McCollum, Y. Geng, and J. Luther, “Multicore optical fiber and connectors for high bandwidth density, short reach optical links,” presented at the IEEE Optical Interconnects Conference, 5–8 May 2013.
[Crossref]

L. Li, Y. Zou, H. Lin, and J. Hu, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, and X. Sun, N. Feng, S. Danto, K. Richardson, T. Gu, and M. Haney are preparing a manuscript to be called “A fully-integrated flexible photonic platform for chip-to-chip optical interconnects.”

D. Guidotti, Y. Jianjun, M. Blaser, V. Grundlehner, and G. Chang, “Edge viewing photodetectors for strictly in-plane lightwave circuit integration and flexible optical interconnects,” in Proceedings of 56th Electronic Components and Technology Conference (IEEE, 2006), pp. 782–788.
[Crossref]

T. Shibata and A. Takahashi, “Flexible opto-electronic circuit board for in-device interconnection,” in Proc. 58th Electron. Compon. Technol. Conf. (IEEE, 2008), pp. 261–267.
[Crossref]

Y. Zou, D. Zhang, H. Lin, L. Li, L. Moreel, J. Zhou, Q. Du, O. Ogbuu, K. Dobson, R. Birkmire, and J. Hu, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, and S. Danto, J. D. Musgraves, and K. Richardson are preparing a manuscript to be called “High-Performance, High-Index-Contrast Chalcogenide Glass Photonics on Silicon and Unconventional Nonplanar Substrates.”

W. Yang, S. Chuwongin, D. Zhao, H. Yang, Z. Ma, and W. Zhou, “Flexible solar cells based on stacked semiconductor nanomembranes on plastic substrates,” in CLEO San Jose, CA, 2010.

S. Chuwongin, W. Yang, H. Yang, W. D. Zhou, and Z. Ma, “Flexible Crystalline InP Nanomembrane LED Arrays,” in IEEE Photonics Society Annual Meeting Denver, CO, 2010.
[Crossref]

H. C. Yuan, M. M. Roberts, P. Zhang, B. N. Park, L. J. Klein, D. E. Savage, F. S. Flack, Z. Ma, P. G. Evans, M. A. Eriksson, G. K. Celler, and M. G. Lagally, “Silicon-based nanomembrane materials: the ultimate in strain engineering,” in Topical Meeting on Silicon Monolithic Integrated Circuits in RF Systems (SiRF), San Diego, CA, 2006, pp. 327–333.

L. Li, H. Lin, Y. Zou, and J. Hu, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Delaware, Newark, DE 19716, and S. Qiao, N. Lu, S. Danto, J. D. Musgraves, and K. Richardson are preparing a manuscript to be called “3-D integrated flexible glass photonics.”

Z. Ma and L. Sun, “Will future RFIC be flexible?(Invited),” in IEEE 10th Annual Wireless and Microwave Technology Conference,2009. WAMICON '09., Clearwater, FL, 2009, pp. 1–5.
[Crossref]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (12)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Pure bending of a multi-layer structure, whose the top and bottom surfaces undergo tensile and compressive strain, respectively. The neutral plane position is specified by Eq. (1). Strains vanishes at the neutral plane, and thus maximum bending flexibility is achieved when the photonic devices are located at the plane; (b) finite element simulated through-thickness strain distribution in structures bent to a radius of 1 mm: the blue curve corresponds to strain in a polyimide (10 μm)-silicone (50 μm)-polyimide (10 μm) tri-layer structure, and the red curve plots strain in a single polyimide layer of the same total thickness (70 μm). The large, three-orders-of-magnitude modulus mismatch between silicone and polyimide results in significant shear strain in silicone which invalidates Eq. (1) and effectively relieves the strain on the multi-layer stack surfaces.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

General process illustration for crystalline semiconductor membrane release, transfer and stacking. (a) Begin with source material (e.g., SOI, GeOI, III-V multi layers with a sacrificial layer). Metallization can be applied here, if needed. (b) Pattern top layer into membrane (or strip forms) down to the sacrificial layer. (c) Release membrane by undercutting the sacrificial layer. (d) Fully released membrane settles down on the handling substrate via van der Waals force (“in-place bonding”). Direct flip transfer: (e1). Apply glue on host (e.g., flexible) substrate and attach it to the handling substrate. (f1) Lift-up the host substrate and flip to complete the transfer. Glue can be dissolved if needed. Stamp-assisted transfer: (e2) Bring a stamp (e.g., Polydimethylsiloxane, or PDMS) toward the handling substrate, press and lift-up. (f2) Apply the stamp with membrane attached to a new host substrate (which can be coated with glue, but not necessary). (g2) Slowly peel off the stamp or remove the stamp with shear force, leaving the membrane to stay on the new host substrate. Multiple layers can be applied by repeating (a)-(f1) or (a)-(g2).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Flexible RF transistors and switches: (a) An array of 12 GHz Si-NM-based thin-film transistor integrated with passives on a bent plastic substrate (Cover page on journal Small, Nov. 20, 2010; image courtesy of [57]); (b) An optical image of the fabricated device, with channel length 1.0 um; (c) Measured device speed figures of merit; and (d) Flexible 20 GHz RF switches.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Modified process for air hole PhC NM structure transfer. Single layer NM pattern (a), release (b), and transfer (c) process, along with experimental results (bottom): (i) SEM image of top and (ii) cross-sectional view of patterned Si-NM on SOI, (iii) SEM images of patterned Si-NM after BHF etching of BOX layer underneath the pattern area, (iv) a micrograph of a 3 × 3 mm patterned NM transferred onto 1x1” flexible PET substrate (image courtesy of [1]).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Fabrication process flow for monolithically integrated flexible photonic devices: the flexible substrate is first attached to a rigid substrate for ease of handling, followed by optical film deposition and patterning to form the device structures. The encapsulated devices are peeled off from the rigid handler to complete the fabrication process.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Single step thermal nanoimprint direct patterning process on plastic substrates; (b) optical micrograph of As2Se8 chalcogenide glass micro-ring resonators fabricated on a PET plastic substrate using imprint. The color variation is due to thickness non-uniformity of the PET substrate; (c) photo of chalcogenide glass resonator devices printed on a flexible substrate. The device shows a loaded Q factor of 104.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

(a) Schematic cross-sectional structure of an embodiment of fully-integrated flexible optical link for chip-to-chip interconnects, which consists of an array of optical waveguides on a common flexible substrate as well as active components (lasers and detectors) bonded onto the flexible substrate and optically coupled to the waveguides; (b) photo of a prototypical flexible optical link (image courtesy of [4]); (c) schematic view of the optical link shown in Fig. 7(b) with embedded waveguides, micro-mirrors, and optoelectronic components (image courtesy of [4]).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

(a) Photo of a flexible resonator sample chip under testing: optical transmission through the bus waveguides is monitored in situ using fiber end fire coupling as the flexible chip is bent; inset shows the top-view optical micrograph of a pullery-coupled [87] micro-disk resonator fabricated on a flexible substrate; (b) micro-disk resonant wavelength shift induced by bending of the flexible chip: dots of each color are data points collected on one sample, and the resonator top/bottom cladding layer thickness combinations were varied among different samples, which resulted in the different magnitudes and signs of the wavelength shift as the samples are bent; (c) the same set of wavelength shift data in Fig. 8(b) re-plotted as a function of local strain at the resonators. The solid line is the theoretical prediction of Eq. (2) based on finite element strain distribution simulation results.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

(a) SEM image of a photonic crystal cavity comprising a hexagonal array of silicon nanowires; the PhC was subsequently infiltrated with PDMS elastomer to form the stretchable cavity; (b) cavity resonance shift under mechanical stretching as a function of strain along the cavity, where strain is defined as the percentage change of the cavity length. Two stretching directions were explored (optical images): along or orthogonal to the line defect (image courtesy of [14]).

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Schematics of (a) a lateral Si MSM photodetector (PD), and (b) a vertical InP p-i-n photodetector, based on transferred crystalline semiconductor nanomembrane processes (image courtesy of [39]).

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

(a) Flexible InP photodetectors under bending: measured photocurrent with 533 nm light sources at different optical power; and (b) Flexible InP solar cells under bending: measured current under standard AM solar simulator test conditions at room temperature (image courtesy of [39]).

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Demonstration of flexible LEDs based on InGaAsP QW NM transferred onto PET substrates. (a) SEM images of 8 by 8 devices on PET substrate after testing. (b) SEM image of top ring contact linked by interconnect layer and passivated by a SiO2 layer. (c) Image of devices transferred onto PET substrate. (d) Image of devices under probing test. (e) Image of fabricated devices on Au coated PET substrate (image courtesy of [62]).

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

z( ε=0 )= i=1 n E i d i [ ( j=1 i d j ) d i 2 ] / i=1 n E i d i
dλ dε = i [ λ n g Γ i ( dn dε ) i ] + n eff n g λ L dL dε + λ n g d n eff dε

Metrics