Abstract

The introduction of silver into the Eu3+-doped sodium–aluminosilicate glasses prepared by Ag+-Na+ ion exchange leads to the formation of different ionic silver species. Under 350nm excitation, effective enhancement of Eu3+ luminescence is ascribed to energy transfer (ET) from silver aggregates to Eu3+ and White light emission was realized by combining red light emission of Eu3+ with blue/green light emission of silver aggregates. The formation of silver aggregates such as Ag2+ was promoted by Eu2+ in the heat treatment process. The local field enhancement effect due to SPR of Ag NPs was not observed. Our research will help to understand the interaction between different types of Ag species and europium ions.

© 2013 OSA

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  1. O. L. Malta, P. A. Santa-Cruz, G. F. De Sa, and F. Auzel, “Fluorescence enhancement induced by the presence of small silver particles in Eu3+-doped materials,” J. Lumin.33(3), 261–272 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. L. P. Naranjo, C. B. de Araújo, O. L. Malta, P. A. S. Cruz, and L. R. P. Kassab, “Enhancement of Pr3+ luminescence in PbO-GeO2 glasses containing silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(24), 241914 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. Piasecki, A. Piasecki, Z. Pan, R. Mu, and S. H. Morgan, “Formation of Ag nanoparticles and enhancement of Tb3+ luminescence in Tb and Ag co-doped lithium-lanthanum-aluminosilicate glass,” J. Nanophotonics4(1), 043522 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. R. P. Kassab, F. A. Bomfim, J. R. Martinelli, N. U. Wetter, J. J. Neto, and C. B. Araújo, “Energy transfer and frequency upconversion in Yb3+-Er3+-doped PbO-GeO2 glass containing silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. B94(2), 239–242 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. Amjad, M. R. Sahar, S. K. Ghoshal, M. R. Dousti, S. Riaz, and B. A. Tahir, “Enhanced infrared to visible upconversion emission in Er3+ doped phosphate glass: role of silver nanoparticles,” J. Lumin.132(10), 2714–2718 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. Kaur, R. K. Verma, D. K. Rai, and S. B. Rai, “Plasmon-enhanced luminescence of Sm complex using silver nanoparticles in polyvinyl alcohol,” J. Lumin.132(7), 1683–1687 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Som and B. Karmakar, “Nanosilver enhanced upconversion fluorescence of erbium ions in Er3+: Ag-antimony glass nanocomposites,” J. Appl. Phys.105(1), 013102 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Eichelbaum and K. Rademann, “Plasmonic enhancement or energy transfer? On the luminescence of gold-, silver-, and lanthanide-doped silicate glasses and its potential for light-emitting devices,” Adv. Funct. Mater.19(13), 2045–2052 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Guo, X. F. Wang, J. D. Chen, and F. Li, “Ultraviolet light induced white light emission in Ag and Eu3+ co-doped oxyfluoride glasses,” Opt. Express18(18), 18900–18905 (2010).
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  11. G. E. Malashkevich, A. V. Semchenko, A. A. Sukhodola, A. P. Stupak, A. V. Sukhodolov, B. V. Plyushch, V. V. Sidskiĭ, and G. A. Denisenko, “Influence of silver on the Sm3+ luminescence in ‘Aerosil’ silica glasses,” Phys. Solid State50(8), 1464–1472 (2008).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  15. V. Rivera, E. F. Chillcce, E. Rodriguez, C. L. Cesar, and L. C. Barbosa, “Planar waveguides by ion exchange in Er3+-doped tellurite glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids352(5), 363–367 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  16. F. Ondráček, L. Salavcová, M. Míka, F. Lahodný, R. Slavík, J. Špirková, and J. Čtyroký, “Fabrication and characterization of channel optical waveguides in Er/Yb-doped silicate glasses,” Opt. Mater.30(3), 457–461 (2007).
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    [CrossRef]
  18. E. Borsella, F. Gonella, P. Mazzoldi, A. Quaranta, G. Battaglin, and R. Polloni, “Spectroscopic investigation of silver in soda-lime glass,” Chem. Phys. Lett.284(5-6), 429–434 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  19. S. E. Paje, M. A. Garcıa, J. Llopis, and M. A. Villegas, “Optical spectroscopy of silver ion-exchanged As-doped glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids318(3), 239–247 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  21. A. Quaranta, A. Rahman, G. Mariotto, C. Maurizio, E. Trave, F. Gonella, E. Cattaruzza, E. Gibaudo, and J. E. Broquin, “Spectroscopic investigation of structural rearrangements in silver ion-exchanged silicate glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(5), 3757–3764 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  22. I. Belharouak, F. Weill, C. Parent, G. Le Flem, and B. Moine, “Silver particles in glasses of the Ag2O-ZnO-P2 O5 system,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids293-295, 649–656 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  23. J. A. Jimenez, S. Lysenko, G. Zhang, and H. Liu, “Optical properties of silver-doped aluminophosphate glasses,” J. Mater. Sci.42(5), 1856–1863 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  24. O. Véron, J. P. Blondeau, N. Abdelkrim, and E. Ntsoenzok, “Luminescence study of silver nanoparticles obtained by annealed ionic exchange silicate glasses,” Plasmonics5(2), 213–219 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  25. E. Borsella, G. Battaglin, M. A. Garcia, F. Gonella, P. Mazzoldi, R. Polloni, and A. Quaranta, “Structural incorporation of silver in soda-lime glass by the ion-exchange process: a photoluminescence spectroscopy study,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.71, 125–132 (2000).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. G. Speranza, L. Minati, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, G. C. Righini, and G. Ischia, “Quantum confinement and matrix effects in silver exchanged sodalime glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(11), 4445–4450 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  30. Y. Kishimoto, X. Zhang, T. Hayakawa, and M. Nogami, “Blue light emission from Eu2+ ions in sol-gel-derived Al2O3–SiO2 glasses,” J. Lumin.129(9), 1055–1059 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  31. J. J. Li, J. D. Chen, R. F. Wei, and H. Guo, “Combined white luminescence from Eu3+, ML-Ag particles and Ag+ in Ag-Eu3+ co-doped H3BO3-BaF2 glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.95(4), 1208–1211 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  32. O. Veron, J. P. Blondeau, D. De Sousa Meneses, and C. A. Vignolle, “Structural changes of Ag+-Na+ annealed ion-exchanged silicate glasses scanning electron microscopy, far-infrared reflectivity, UV-visible absorption, and TEM investigation,” Plasmonics6(1), 137–148 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  33. A. Simo, J. Polte, N. Pfänder, U. Vainio, F. Emmerling, and K. Rademann, “Formation mechanism of silver nanoparticles stabilized in glassy matrices,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(45), 18824–18833 (2012).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (6)

J. Amjad, M. R. Sahar, S. K. Ghoshal, M. R. Dousti, S. Riaz, and B. A. Tahir, “Enhanced infrared to visible upconversion emission in Er3+ doped phosphate glass: role of silver nanoparticles,” J. Lumin.132(10), 2714–2718 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Kaur, R. K. Verma, D. K. Rai, and S. B. Rai, “Plasmon-enhanced luminescence of Sm complex using silver nanoparticles in polyvinyl alcohol,” J. Lumin.132(7), 1683–1687 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Li, R. F. Wei, X. Y. Liu, and H. Guo, “Enhanced luminescence via energy transfer from Ag+ to RE ions (Dy3+, Sm3+, Tb3+) in glasses,” Opt. Express20(9), 10122–10127 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Quaranta, A. Rahman, G. Mariotto, C. Maurizio, E. Trave, F. Gonella, E. Cattaruzza, E. Gibaudo, and J. E. Broquin, “Spectroscopic investigation of structural rearrangements in silver ion-exchanged silicate glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(5), 3757–3764 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. J. Li, J. D. Chen, R. F. Wei, and H. Guo, “Combined white luminescence from Eu3+, ML-Ag particles and Ag+ in Ag-Eu3+ co-doped H3BO3-BaF2 glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.95(4), 1208–1211 (2012).
[CrossRef]

A. Simo, J. Polte, N. Pfänder, U. Vainio, F. Emmerling, and K. Rademann, “Formation mechanism of silver nanoparticles stabilized in glassy matrices,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(45), 18824–18833 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

O. Veron, J. P. Blondeau, D. De Sousa Meneses, and C. A. Vignolle, “Structural changes of Ag+-Na+ annealed ion-exchanged silicate glasses scanning electron microscopy, far-infrared reflectivity, UV-visible absorption, and TEM investigation,” Plasmonics6(1), 137–148 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (5)

V. K. Tikhomirov, V. D. Rodríguez, A. Kuznetsov, D. Kirilenko, G. Van Tendeloo, and V. V. Moshchalkov, “Preparation and luminescence of bulk oxyfluoride glasses doped with Ag nanoclusters,” Opt. Express18(21), 22032–22040 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Q. Zhang, X. Liu, Y. Qiao, B. Qian, G. Dong, J. Ruan, Q. Zhou, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, “Reduction of Eu3+ to Eu2+ in Eu-doped high silica glass prepared in air atmosphere,” Opt. Mater.32(3), 427–431 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O. Véron, J. P. Blondeau, N. Abdelkrim, and E. Ntsoenzok, “Luminescence study of silver nanoparticles obtained by annealed ionic exchange silicate glasses,” Plasmonics5(2), 213–219 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Guo, X. F. Wang, J. D. Chen, and F. Li, “Ultraviolet light induced white light emission in Ag and Eu3+ co-doped oxyfluoride glasses,” Opt. Express18(18), 18900–18905 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Piasecki, A. Piasecki, Z. Pan, R. Mu, and S. H. Morgan, “Formation of Ag nanoparticles and enhancement of Tb3+ luminescence in Tb and Ag co-doped lithium-lanthanum-aluminosilicate glass,” J. Nanophotonics4(1), 043522 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (5)

L. R. P. Kassab, F. A. Bomfim, J. R. Martinelli, N. U. Wetter, J. J. Neto, and C. B. Araújo, “Energy transfer and frequency upconversion in Yb3+-Er3+-doped PbO-GeO2 glass containing silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. B94(2), 239–242 (2009).
[CrossRef]

T. Som and B. Karmakar, “Nanosilver enhanced upconversion fluorescence of erbium ions in Er3+: Ag-antimony glass nanocomposites,” J. Appl. Phys.105(1), 013102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Eichelbaum and K. Rademann, “Plasmonic enhancement or energy transfer? On the luminescence of gold-, silver-, and lanthanide-doped silicate glasses and its potential for light-emitting devices,” Adv. Funct. Mater.19(13), 2045–2052 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kishimoto, X. Zhang, T. Hayakawa, and M. Nogami, “Blue light emission from Eu2+ ions in sol-gel-derived Al2O3–SiO2 glasses,” J. Lumin.129(9), 1055–1059 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Speranza, L. Minati, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, G. C. Righini, and G. Ischia, “Quantum confinement and matrix effects in silver exchanged sodalime glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(11), 4445–4450 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (4)

J. A. Jiménez, S. Lysenko, and H. Liu, “Photoluminescence via plasmon resonance energy transfer in silver nanocomposite glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.104(5), 054313 (2008).
[CrossRef]

G. E. Malashkevich, A. V. Semchenko, A. A. Sukhodola, A. P. Stupak, A. V. Sukhodolov, B. V. Plyushch, V. V. Sidskiĭ, and G. A. Denisenko, “Influence of silver on the Sm3+ luminescence in ‘Aerosil’ silica glasses,” Phys. Solid State50(8), 1464–1472 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Jiménez, S. Lysenko, and H. Liu, “Enhanced UV-excited luminescence of europium ions in silver/tin-doped glass,” J. Lumin.128(5-6), 831–833 (2008).
[CrossRef]

B. Svecova, J. Spirkova, S. Janakova, and M. Mika, “Ion-exchanged optical waveguides fabricated in novel Er3+ and Er3+/Yb3+-doped silicate glasses: relations between glass composition, basicity and waveguide properties,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B149(2), 177–180 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (3)

F. Ondráček, L. Salavcová, M. Míka, F. Lahodný, R. Slavík, J. Špirková, and J. Čtyroký, “Fabrication and characterization of channel optical waveguides in Er/Yb-doped silicate glasses,” Opt. Mater.30(3), 457–461 (2007).
[CrossRef]

M. Mattarelli, M. Montagna, K. Vishnubhatla, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, and G. Righini, “Mechanisms of Ag to Er energy transfer in silicate glasses: a photoluminescence study,” Phys. Rev. B75(12), 125102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Jimenez, S. Lysenko, G. Zhang, and H. Liu, “Optical properties of silver-doped aluminophosphate glasses,” J. Mater. Sci.42(5), 1856–1863 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (1)

V. Rivera, E. F. Chillcce, E. Rodriguez, C. L. Cesar, and L. C. Barbosa, “Planar waveguides by ion exchange in Er3+-doped tellurite glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids352(5), 363–367 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (1)

L. P. Naranjo, C. B. de Araújo, O. L. Malta, P. A. S. Cruz, and L. R. P. Kassab, “Enhancement of Pr3+ luminescence in PbO-GeO2 glasses containing silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(24), 241914 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

S. E. Paje, M. A. Garcıa, J. Llopis, and M. A. Villegas, “Optical spectroscopy of silver ion-exchanged As-doped glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids318(3), 239–247 (2003).
[CrossRef]

D. Manikandan, S. Mohan, and K. Nair, “Absorption and luminescence of silver nanocomposite soda-lime glass formed by Ag+-Na+ ion-exchange,” Mater. Res. Bull.38(9-10), 1545–1550 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

I. Belharouak, F. Weill, C. Parent, G. Le Flem, and B. Moine, “Silver particles in glasses of the Ag2O-ZnO-P2 O5 system,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids293-295, 649–656 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

E. Borsella, G. Battaglin, M. A. Garcia, F. Gonella, P. Mazzoldi, R. Polloni, and A. Quaranta, “Structural incorporation of silver in soda-lime glass by the ion-exchange process: a photoluminescence spectroscopy study,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.71, 125–132 (2000).

1999 (1)

S. T. Selvan, T. Hayakawa, and M. Nogami, “Remarkable influence of silver islands on the enhancement of fluorescence from Eu3+ ion-doped silica gels,” J. Phys. Chem. B103(34), 7064–7067 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

E. Borsella, F. Gonella, P. Mazzoldi, A. Quaranta, G. Battaglin, and R. Polloni, “Spectroscopic investigation of silver in soda-lime glass,” Chem. Phys. Lett.284(5-6), 429–434 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

O. L. Malta, P. A. Santa-Cruz, G. F. De Sa, and F. Auzel, “Fluorescence enhancement induced by the presence of small silver particles in Eu3+-doped materials,” J. Lumin.33(3), 261–272 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Abdelkrim, N.

O. Véron, J. P. Blondeau, N. Abdelkrim, and E. Ntsoenzok, “Luminescence study of silver nanoparticles obtained by annealed ionic exchange silicate glasses,” Plasmonics5(2), 213–219 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Amjad, J.

J. Amjad, M. R. Sahar, S. K. Ghoshal, M. R. Dousti, S. Riaz, and B. A. Tahir, “Enhanced infrared to visible upconversion emission in Er3+ doped phosphate glass: role of silver nanoparticles,” J. Lumin.132(10), 2714–2718 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Araújo, C. B.

L. R. P. Kassab, F. A. Bomfim, J. R. Martinelli, N. U. Wetter, J. J. Neto, and C. B. Araújo, “Energy transfer and frequency upconversion in Yb3+-Er3+-doped PbO-GeO2 glass containing silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. B94(2), 239–242 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Auzel, F.

O. L. Malta, P. A. Santa-Cruz, G. F. De Sa, and F. Auzel, “Fluorescence enhancement induced by the presence of small silver particles in Eu3+-doped materials,” J. Lumin.33(3), 261–272 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Barbosa, L. C.

V. Rivera, E. F. Chillcce, E. Rodriguez, C. L. Cesar, and L. C. Barbosa, “Planar waveguides by ion exchange in Er3+-doped tellurite glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids352(5), 363–367 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Battaglin, G.

E. Borsella, G. Battaglin, M. A. Garcia, F. Gonella, P. Mazzoldi, R. Polloni, and A. Quaranta, “Structural incorporation of silver in soda-lime glass by the ion-exchange process: a photoluminescence spectroscopy study,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.71, 125–132 (2000).

E. Borsella, F. Gonella, P. Mazzoldi, A. Quaranta, G. Battaglin, and R. Polloni, “Spectroscopic investigation of silver in soda-lime glass,” Chem. Phys. Lett.284(5-6), 429–434 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Belharouak, I.

I. Belharouak, F. Weill, C. Parent, G. Le Flem, and B. Moine, “Silver particles in glasses of the Ag2O-ZnO-P2 O5 system,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids293-295, 649–656 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Blondeau, J. P.

O. Veron, J. P. Blondeau, D. De Sousa Meneses, and C. A. Vignolle, “Structural changes of Ag+-Na+ annealed ion-exchanged silicate glasses scanning electron microscopy, far-infrared reflectivity, UV-visible absorption, and TEM investigation,” Plasmonics6(1), 137–148 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O. Véron, J. P. Blondeau, N. Abdelkrim, and E. Ntsoenzok, “Luminescence study of silver nanoparticles obtained by annealed ionic exchange silicate glasses,” Plasmonics5(2), 213–219 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Bomfim, F. A.

L. R. P. Kassab, F. A. Bomfim, J. R. Martinelli, N. U. Wetter, J. J. Neto, and C. B. Araújo, “Energy transfer and frequency upconversion in Yb3+-Er3+-doped PbO-GeO2 glass containing silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. B94(2), 239–242 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Borsella, E.

E. Borsella, G. Battaglin, M. A. Garcia, F. Gonella, P. Mazzoldi, R. Polloni, and A. Quaranta, “Structural incorporation of silver in soda-lime glass by the ion-exchange process: a photoluminescence spectroscopy study,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.71, 125–132 (2000).

E. Borsella, F. Gonella, P. Mazzoldi, A. Quaranta, G. Battaglin, and R. Polloni, “Spectroscopic investigation of silver in soda-lime glass,” Chem. Phys. Lett.284(5-6), 429–434 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Broquin, J. E.

A. Quaranta, A. Rahman, G. Mariotto, C. Maurizio, E. Trave, F. Gonella, E. Cattaruzza, E. Gibaudo, and J. E. Broquin, “Spectroscopic investigation of structural rearrangements in silver ion-exchanged silicate glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(5), 3757–3764 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cattaruzza, E.

A. Quaranta, A. Rahman, G. Mariotto, C. Maurizio, E. Trave, F. Gonella, E. Cattaruzza, E. Gibaudo, and J. E. Broquin, “Spectroscopic investigation of structural rearrangements in silver ion-exchanged silicate glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(5), 3757–3764 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Cesar, C. L.

V. Rivera, E. F. Chillcce, E. Rodriguez, C. L. Cesar, and L. C. Barbosa, “Planar waveguides by ion exchange in Er3+-doped tellurite glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids352(5), 363–367 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, D.

Q. Zhang, X. Liu, Y. Qiao, B. Qian, G. Dong, J. Ruan, Q. Zhou, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, “Reduction of Eu3+ to Eu2+ in Eu-doped high silica glass prepared in air atmosphere,” Opt. Mater.32(3), 427–431 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Chen, J. D.

J. J. Li, J. D. Chen, R. F. Wei, and H. Guo, “Combined white luminescence from Eu3+, ML-Ag particles and Ag+ in Ag-Eu3+ co-doped H3BO3-BaF2 glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.95(4), 1208–1211 (2012).
[CrossRef]

H. Guo, X. F. Wang, J. D. Chen, and F. Li, “Ultraviolet light induced white light emission in Ag and Eu3+ co-doped oxyfluoride glasses,” Opt. Express18(18), 18900–18905 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chiasera, A.

G. Speranza, L. Minati, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, G. C. Righini, and G. Ischia, “Quantum confinement and matrix effects in silver exchanged sodalime glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(11), 4445–4450 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Mattarelli, M. Montagna, K. Vishnubhatla, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, and G. Righini, “Mechanisms of Ag to Er energy transfer in silicate glasses: a photoluminescence study,” Phys. Rev. B75(12), 125102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Chillcce, E. F.

V. Rivera, E. F. Chillcce, E. Rodriguez, C. L. Cesar, and L. C. Barbosa, “Planar waveguides by ion exchange in Er3+-doped tellurite glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids352(5), 363–367 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cruz, P. A. S.

L. P. Naranjo, C. B. de Araújo, O. L. Malta, P. A. S. Cruz, and L. R. P. Kassab, “Enhancement of Pr3+ luminescence in PbO-GeO2 glasses containing silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(24), 241914 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ctyroký, J.

F. Ondráček, L. Salavcová, M. Míka, F. Lahodný, R. Slavík, J. Špirková, and J. Čtyroký, “Fabrication and characterization of channel optical waveguides in Er/Yb-doped silicate glasses,” Opt. Mater.30(3), 457–461 (2007).
[CrossRef]

de Araújo, C. B.

L. P. Naranjo, C. B. de Araújo, O. L. Malta, P. A. S. Cruz, and L. R. P. Kassab, “Enhancement of Pr3+ luminescence in PbO-GeO2 glasses containing silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(24), 241914 (2005).
[CrossRef]

De Sa, G. F.

O. L. Malta, P. A. Santa-Cruz, G. F. De Sa, and F. Auzel, “Fluorescence enhancement induced by the presence of small silver particles in Eu3+-doped materials,” J. Lumin.33(3), 261–272 (1985).
[CrossRef]

De Sousa Meneses, D.

O. Veron, J. P. Blondeau, D. De Sousa Meneses, and C. A. Vignolle, “Structural changes of Ag+-Na+ annealed ion-exchanged silicate glasses scanning electron microscopy, far-infrared reflectivity, UV-visible absorption, and TEM investigation,” Plasmonics6(1), 137–148 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Denisenko, G. A.

G. E. Malashkevich, A. V. Semchenko, A. A. Sukhodola, A. P. Stupak, A. V. Sukhodolov, B. V. Plyushch, V. V. Sidskiĭ, and G. A. Denisenko, “Influence of silver on the Sm3+ luminescence in ‘Aerosil’ silica glasses,” Phys. Solid State50(8), 1464–1472 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Dong, G.

Q. Zhang, X. Liu, Y. Qiao, B. Qian, G. Dong, J. Ruan, Q. Zhou, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, “Reduction of Eu3+ to Eu2+ in Eu-doped high silica glass prepared in air atmosphere,” Opt. Mater.32(3), 427–431 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Dousti, M. R.

J. Amjad, M. R. Sahar, S. K. Ghoshal, M. R. Dousti, S. Riaz, and B. A. Tahir, “Enhanced infrared to visible upconversion emission in Er3+ doped phosphate glass: role of silver nanoparticles,” J. Lumin.132(10), 2714–2718 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Eichelbaum, M.

M. Eichelbaum and K. Rademann, “Plasmonic enhancement or energy transfer? On the luminescence of gold-, silver-, and lanthanide-doped silicate glasses and its potential for light-emitting devices,” Adv. Funct. Mater.19(13), 2045–2052 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Emmerling, F.

A. Simo, J. Polte, N. Pfänder, U. Vainio, F. Emmerling, and K. Rademann, “Formation mechanism of silver nanoparticles stabilized in glassy matrices,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(45), 18824–18833 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferrari, M.

G. Speranza, L. Minati, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, G. C. Righini, and G. Ischia, “Quantum confinement and matrix effects in silver exchanged sodalime glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(11), 4445–4450 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. Mattarelli, M. Montagna, K. Vishnubhatla, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, and G. Righini, “Mechanisms of Ag to Er energy transfer in silicate glasses: a photoluminescence study,” Phys. Rev. B75(12), 125102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Garcia, M. A.

S. E. Paje, M. A. Garcıa, J. Llopis, and M. A. Villegas, “Optical spectroscopy of silver ion-exchanged As-doped glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids318(3), 239–247 (2003).
[CrossRef]

E. Borsella, G. Battaglin, M. A. Garcia, F. Gonella, P. Mazzoldi, R. Polloni, and A. Quaranta, “Structural incorporation of silver in soda-lime glass by the ion-exchange process: a photoluminescence spectroscopy study,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.71, 125–132 (2000).

Ghoshal, S. K.

J. Amjad, M. R. Sahar, S. K. Ghoshal, M. R. Dousti, S. Riaz, and B. A. Tahir, “Enhanced infrared to visible upconversion emission in Er3+ doped phosphate glass: role of silver nanoparticles,” J. Lumin.132(10), 2714–2718 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gibaudo, E.

A. Quaranta, A. Rahman, G. Mariotto, C. Maurizio, E. Trave, F. Gonella, E. Cattaruzza, E. Gibaudo, and J. E. Broquin, “Spectroscopic investigation of structural rearrangements in silver ion-exchanged silicate glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(5), 3757–3764 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gonella, F.

A. Quaranta, A. Rahman, G. Mariotto, C. Maurizio, E. Trave, F. Gonella, E. Cattaruzza, E. Gibaudo, and J. E. Broquin, “Spectroscopic investigation of structural rearrangements in silver ion-exchanged silicate glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(5), 3757–3764 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. Borsella, G. Battaglin, M. A. Garcia, F. Gonella, P. Mazzoldi, R. Polloni, and A. Quaranta, “Structural incorporation of silver in soda-lime glass by the ion-exchange process: a photoluminescence spectroscopy study,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.71, 125–132 (2000).

E. Borsella, F. Gonella, P. Mazzoldi, A. Quaranta, G. Battaglin, and R. Polloni, “Spectroscopic investigation of silver in soda-lime glass,” Chem. Phys. Lett.284(5-6), 429–434 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Guo, H.

Hayakawa, T.

Y. Kishimoto, X. Zhang, T. Hayakawa, and M. Nogami, “Blue light emission from Eu2+ ions in sol-gel-derived Al2O3–SiO2 glasses,” J. Lumin.129(9), 1055–1059 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Selvan, T. Hayakawa, and M. Nogami, “Remarkable influence of silver islands on the enhancement of fluorescence from Eu3+ ion-doped silica gels,” J. Phys. Chem. B103(34), 7064–7067 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ischia, G.

G. Speranza, L. Minati, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, G. C. Righini, and G. Ischia, “Quantum confinement and matrix effects in silver exchanged sodalime glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(11), 4445–4450 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Janakova, S.

B. Svecova, J. Spirkova, S. Janakova, and M. Mika, “Ion-exchanged optical waveguides fabricated in novel Er3+ and Er3+/Yb3+-doped silicate glasses: relations between glass composition, basicity and waveguide properties,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B149(2), 177–180 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Jimenez, J. A.

J. A. Jimenez, S. Lysenko, G. Zhang, and H. Liu, “Optical properties of silver-doped aluminophosphate glasses,” J. Mater. Sci.42(5), 1856–1863 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jiménez, J. A.

J. A. Jiménez, S. Lysenko, and H. Liu, “Photoluminescence via plasmon resonance energy transfer in silver nanocomposite glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.104(5), 054313 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Jiménez, S. Lysenko, and H. Liu, “Enhanced UV-excited luminescence of europium ions in silver/tin-doped glass,” J. Lumin.128(5-6), 831–833 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Karmakar, B.

T. Som and B. Karmakar, “Nanosilver enhanced upconversion fluorescence of erbium ions in Er3+: Ag-antimony glass nanocomposites,” J. Appl. Phys.105(1), 013102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kassab, L. R. P.

L. R. P. Kassab, F. A. Bomfim, J. R. Martinelli, N. U. Wetter, J. J. Neto, and C. B. Araújo, “Energy transfer and frequency upconversion in Yb3+-Er3+-doped PbO-GeO2 glass containing silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. B94(2), 239–242 (2009).
[CrossRef]

L. P. Naranjo, C. B. de Araújo, O. L. Malta, P. A. S. Cruz, and L. R. P. Kassab, “Enhancement of Pr3+ luminescence in PbO-GeO2 glasses containing silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(24), 241914 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kaur, G.

G. Kaur, R. K. Verma, D. K. Rai, and S. B. Rai, “Plasmon-enhanced luminescence of Sm complex using silver nanoparticles in polyvinyl alcohol,” J. Lumin.132(7), 1683–1687 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kirilenko, D.

Kishimoto, Y.

Y. Kishimoto, X. Zhang, T. Hayakawa, and M. Nogami, “Blue light emission from Eu2+ ions in sol-gel-derived Al2O3–SiO2 glasses,” J. Lumin.129(9), 1055–1059 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Kuznetsov, A.

Lahodný, F.

F. Ondráček, L. Salavcová, M. Míka, F. Lahodný, R. Slavík, J. Špirková, and J. Čtyroký, “Fabrication and characterization of channel optical waveguides in Er/Yb-doped silicate glasses,” Opt. Mater.30(3), 457–461 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Le Flem, G.

I. Belharouak, F. Weill, C. Parent, G. Le Flem, and B. Moine, “Silver particles in glasses of the Ag2O-ZnO-P2 O5 system,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids293-295, 649–656 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Li, F.

Li, J. J.

J. J. Li, R. F. Wei, X. Y. Liu, and H. Guo, “Enhanced luminescence via energy transfer from Ag+ to RE ions (Dy3+, Sm3+, Tb3+) in glasses,” Opt. Express20(9), 10122–10127 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Li, J. D. Chen, R. F. Wei, and H. Guo, “Combined white luminescence from Eu3+, ML-Ag particles and Ag+ in Ag-Eu3+ co-doped H3BO3-BaF2 glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.95(4), 1208–1211 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H.

J. A. Jiménez, S. Lysenko, and H. Liu, “Enhanced UV-excited luminescence of europium ions in silver/tin-doped glass,” J. Lumin.128(5-6), 831–833 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Jiménez, S. Lysenko, and H. Liu, “Photoluminescence via plasmon resonance energy transfer in silver nanocomposite glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.104(5), 054313 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Jimenez, S. Lysenko, G. Zhang, and H. Liu, “Optical properties of silver-doped aluminophosphate glasses,” J. Mater. Sci.42(5), 1856–1863 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Q. Zhang, X. Liu, Y. Qiao, B. Qian, G. Dong, J. Ruan, Q. Zhou, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, “Reduction of Eu3+ to Eu2+ in Eu-doped high silica glass prepared in air atmosphere,” Opt. Mater.32(3), 427–431 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X. Y.

Llopis, J.

S. E. Paje, M. A. Garcıa, J. Llopis, and M. A. Villegas, “Optical spectroscopy of silver ion-exchanged As-doped glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids318(3), 239–247 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lysenko, S.

J. A. Jiménez, S. Lysenko, and H. Liu, “Photoluminescence via plasmon resonance energy transfer in silver nanocomposite glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.104(5), 054313 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Jiménez, S. Lysenko, and H. Liu, “Enhanced UV-excited luminescence of europium ions in silver/tin-doped glass,” J. Lumin.128(5-6), 831–833 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Jimenez, S. Lysenko, G. Zhang, and H. Liu, “Optical properties of silver-doped aluminophosphate glasses,” J. Mater. Sci.42(5), 1856–1863 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Malashkevich, G. E.

G. E. Malashkevich, A. V. Semchenko, A. A. Sukhodola, A. P. Stupak, A. V. Sukhodolov, B. V. Plyushch, V. V. Sidskiĭ, and G. A. Denisenko, “Influence of silver on the Sm3+ luminescence in ‘Aerosil’ silica glasses,” Phys. Solid State50(8), 1464–1472 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Malta, O. L.

L. P. Naranjo, C. B. de Araújo, O. L. Malta, P. A. S. Cruz, and L. R. P. Kassab, “Enhancement of Pr3+ luminescence in PbO-GeO2 glasses containing silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(24), 241914 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O. L. Malta, P. A. Santa-Cruz, G. F. De Sa, and F. Auzel, “Fluorescence enhancement induced by the presence of small silver particles in Eu3+-doped materials,” J. Lumin.33(3), 261–272 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Manikandan, D.

D. Manikandan, S. Mohan, and K. Nair, “Absorption and luminescence of silver nanocomposite soda-lime glass formed by Ag+-Na+ ion-exchange,” Mater. Res. Bull.38(9-10), 1545–1550 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mariotto, G.

A. Quaranta, A. Rahman, G. Mariotto, C. Maurizio, E. Trave, F. Gonella, E. Cattaruzza, E. Gibaudo, and J. E. Broquin, “Spectroscopic investigation of structural rearrangements in silver ion-exchanged silicate glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(5), 3757–3764 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Martinelli, J. R.

L. R. P. Kassab, F. A. Bomfim, J. R. Martinelli, N. U. Wetter, J. J. Neto, and C. B. Araújo, “Energy transfer and frequency upconversion in Yb3+-Er3+-doped PbO-GeO2 glass containing silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. B94(2), 239–242 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mattarelli, M.

M. Mattarelli, M. Montagna, K. Vishnubhatla, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, and G. Righini, “Mechanisms of Ag to Er energy transfer in silicate glasses: a photoluminescence study,” Phys. Rev. B75(12), 125102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Maurizio, C.

A. Quaranta, A. Rahman, G. Mariotto, C. Maurizio, E. Trave, F. Gonella, E. Cattaruzza, E. Gibaudo, and J. E. Broquin, “Spectroscopic investigation of structural rearrangements in silver ion-exchanged silicate glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(5), 3757–3764 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Mazzoldi, P.

E. Borsella, G. Battaglin, M. A. Garcia, F. Gonella, P. Mazzoldi, R. Polloni, and A. Quaranta, “Structural incorporation of silver in soda-lime glass by the ion-exchange process: a photoluminescence spectroscopy study,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.71, 125–132 (2000).

E. Borsella, F. Gonella, P. Mazzoldi, A. Quaranta, G. Battaglin, and R. Polloni, “Spectroscopic investigation of silver in soda-lime glass,” Chem. Phys. Lett.284(5-6), 429–434 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mika, M.

B. Svecova, J. Spirkova, S. Janakova, and M. Mika, “Ion-exchanged optical waveguides fabricated in novel Er3+ and Er3+/Yb3+-doped silicate glasses: relations between glass composition, basicity and waveguide properties,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B149(2), 177–180 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Míka, M.

F. Ondráček, L. Salavcová, M. Míka, F. Lahodný, R. Slavík, J. Špirková, and J. Čtyroký, “Fabrication and characterization of channel optical waveguides in Er/Yb-doped silicate glasses,” Opt. Mater.30(3), 457–461 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Minati, L.

G. Speranza, L. Minati, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, G. C. Righini, and G. Ischia, “Quantum confinement and matrix effects in silver exchanged sodalime glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(11), 4445–4450 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mohan, S.

D. Manikandan, S. Mohan, and K. Nair, “Absorption and luminescence of silver nanocomposite soda-lime glass formed by Ag+-Na+ ion-exchange,” Mater. Res. Bull.38(9-10), 1545–1550 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Moine, B.

I. Belharouak, F. Weill, C. Parent, G. Le Flem, and B. Moine, “Silver particles in glasses of the Ag2O-ZnO-P2 O5 system,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids293-295, 649–656 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Montagna, M.

M. Mattarelli, M. Montagna, K. Vishnubhatla, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, and G. Righini, “Mechanisms of Ag to Er energy transfer in silicate glasses: a photoluminescence study,” Phys. Rev. B75(12), 125102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Morgan, S. H.

P. Piasecki, A. Piasecki, Z. Pan, R. Mu, and S. H. Morgan, “Formation of Ag nanoparticles and enhancement of Tb3+ luminescence in Tb and Ag co-doped lithium-lanthanum-aluminosilicate glass,” J. Nanophotonics4(1), 043522 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Moshchalkov, V. V.

Mu, R.

P. Piasecki, A. Piasecki, Z. Pan, R. Mu, and S. H. Morgan, “Formation of Ag nanoparticles and enhancement of Tb3+ luminescence in Tb and Ag co-doped lithium-lanthanum-aluminosilicate glass,” J. Nanophotonics4(1), 043522 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Nair, K.

D. Manikandan, S. Mohan, and K. Nair, “Absorption and luminescence of silver nanocomposite soda-lime glass formed by Ag+-Na+ ion-exchange,” Mater. Res. Bull.38(9-10), 1545–1550 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Naranjo, L. P.

L. P. Naranjo, C. B. de Araújo, O. L. Malta, P. A. S. Cruz, and L. R. P. Kassab, “Enhancement of Pr3+ luminescence in PbO-GeO2 glasses containing silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(24), 241914 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Neto, J. J.

L. R. P. Kassab, F. A. Bomfim, J. R. Martinelli, N. U. Wetter, J. J. Neto, and C. B. Araújo, “Energy transfer and frequency upconversion in Yb3+-Er3+-doped PbO-GeO2 glass containing silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. B94(2), 239–242 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Nogami, M.

Y. Kishimoto, X. Zhang, T. Hayakawa, and M. Nogami, “Blue light emission from Eu2+ ions in sol-gel-derived Al2O3–SiO2 glasses,” J. Lumin.129(9), 1055–1059 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. T. Selvan, T. Hayakawa, and M. Nogami, “Remarkable influence of silver islands on the enhancement of fluorescence from Eu3+ ion-doped silica gels,” J. Phys. Chem. B103(34), 7064–7067 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ntsoenzok, E.

O. Véron, J. P. Blondeau, N. Abdelkrim, and E. Ntsoenzok, “Luminescence study of silver nanoparticles obtained by annealed ionic exchange silicate glasses,” Plasmonics5(2), 213–219 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ondrácek, F.

F. Ondráček, L. Salavcová, M. Míka, F. Lahodný, R. Slavík, J. Špirková, and J. Čtyroký, “Fabrication and characterization of channel optical waveguides in Er/Yb-doped silicate glasses,” Opt. Mater.30(3), 457–461 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Paje, S. E.

S. E. Paje, M. A. Garcıa, J. Llopis, and M. A. Villegas, “Optical spectroscopy of silver ion-exchanged As-doped glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids318(3), 239–247 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pan, Z.

P. Piasecki, A. Piasecki, Z. Pan, R. Mu, and S. H. Morgan, “Formation of Ag nanoparticles and enhancement of Tb3+ luminescence in Tb and Ag co-doped lithium-lanthanum-aluminosilicate glass,” J. Nanophotonics4(1), 043522 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Parent, C.

I. Belharouak, F. Weill, C. Parent, G. Le Flem, and B. Moine, “Silver particles in glasses of the Ag2O-ZnO-P2 O5 system,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids293-295, 649–656 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pfänder, N.

A. Simo, J. Polte, N. Pfänder, U. Vainio, F. Emmerling, and K. Rademann, “Formation mechanism of silver nanoparticles stabilized in glassy matrices,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(45), 18824–18833 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Piasecki, A.

P. Piasecki, A. Piasecki, Z. Pan, R. Mu, and S. H. Morgan, “Formation of Ag nanoparticles and enhancement of Tb3+ luminescence in Tb and Ag co-doped lithium-lanthanum-aluminosilicate glass,” J. Nanophotonics4(1), 043522 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Piasecki, P.

P. Piasecki, A. Piasecki, Z. Pan, R. Mu, and S. H. Morgan, “Formation of Ag nanoparticles and enhancement of Tb3+ luminescence in Tb and Ag co-doped lithium-lanthanum-aluminosilicate glass,” J. Nanophotonics4(1), 043522 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Plyushch, B. V.

G. E. Malashkevich, A. V. Semchenko, A. A. Sukhodola, A. P. Stupak, A. V. Sukhodolov, B. V. Plyushch, V. V. Sidskiĭ, and G. A. Denisenko, “Influence of silver on the Sm3+ luminescence in ‘Aerosil’ silica glasses,” Phys. Solid State50(8), 1464–1472 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Polloni, R.

E. Borsella, G. Battaglin, M. A. Garcia, F. Gonella, P. Mazzoldi, R. Polloni, and A. Quaranta, “Structural incorporation of silver in soda-lime glass by the ion-exchange process: a photoluminescence spectroscopy study,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.71, 125–132 (2000).

E. Borsella, F. Gonella, P. Mazzoldi, A. Quaranta, G. Battaglin, and R. Polloni, “Spectroscopic investigation of silver in soda-lime glass,” Chem. Phys. Lett.284(5-6), 429–434 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Polte, J.

A. Simo, J. Polte, N. Pfänder, U. Vainio, F. Emmerling, and K. Rademann, “Formation mechanism of silver nanoparticles stabilized in glassy matrices,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(45), 18824–18833 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Qian, B.

Q. Zhang, X. Liu, Y. Qiao, B. Qian, G. Dong, J. Ruan, Q. Zhou, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, “Reduction of Eu3+ to Eu2+ in Eu-doped high silica glass prepared in air atmosphere,” Opt. Mater.32(3), 427–431 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Qiao, Y.

Q. Zhang, X. Liu, Y. Qiao, B. Qian, G. Dong, J. Ruan, Q. Zhou, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, “Reduction of Eu3+ to Eu2+ in Eu-doped high silica glass prepared in air atmosphere,” Opt. Mater.32(3), 427–431 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, J.

Q. Zhang, X. Liu, Y. Qiao, B. Qian, G. Dong, J. Ruan, Q. Zhou, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, “Reduction of Eu3+ to Eu2+ in Eu-doped high silica glass prepared in air atmosphere,” Opt. Mater.32(3), 427–431 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Quaranta, A.

A. Quaranta, A. Rahman, G. Mariotto, C. Maurizio, E. Trave, F. Gonella, E. Cattaruzza, E. Gibaudo, and J. E. Broquin, “Spectroscopic investigation of structural rearrangements in silver ion-exchanged silicate glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(5), 3757–3764 (2012).
[CrossRef]

E. Borsella, G. Battaglin, M. A. Garcia, F. Gonella, P. Mazzoldi, R. Polloni, and A. Quaranta, “Structural incorporation of silver in soda-lime glass by the ion-exchange process: a photoluminescence spectroscopy study,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.71, 125–132 (2000).

E. Borsella, F. Gonella, P. Mazzoldi, A. Quaranta, G. Battaglin, and R. Polloni, “Spectroscopic investigation of silver in soda-lime glass,” Chem. Phys. Lett.284(5-6), 429–434 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rademann, K.

A. Simo, J. Polte, N. Pfänder, U. Vainio, F. Emmerling, and K. Rademann, “Formation mechanism of silver nanoparticles stabilized in glassy matrices,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(45), 18824–18833 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Eichelbaum and K. Rademann, “Plasmonic enhancement or energy transfer? On the luminescence of gold-, silver-, and lanthanide-doped silicate glasses and its potential for light-emitting devices,” Adv. Funct. Mater.19(13), 2045–2052 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rahman, A.

A. Quaranta, A. Rahman, G. Mariotto, C. Maurizio, E. Trave, F. Gonella, E. Cattaruzza, E. Gibaudo, and J. E. Broquin, “Spectroscopic investigation of structural rearrangements in silver ion-exchanged silicate glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(5), 3757–3764 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Rai, D. K.

G. Kaur, R. K. Verma, D. K. Rai, and S. B. Rai, “Plasmon-enhanced luminescence of Sm complex using silver nanoparticles in polyvinyl alcohol,” J. Lumin.132(7), 1683–1687 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Rai, S. B.

G. Kaur, R. K. Verma, D. K. Rai, and S. B. Rai, “Plasmon-enhanced luminescence of Sm complex using silver nanoparticles in polyvinyl alcohol,” J. Lumin.132(7), 1683–1687 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Riaz, S.

J. Amjad, M. R. Sahar, S. K. Ghoshal, M. R. Dousti, S. Riaz, and B. A. Tahir, “Enhanced infrared to visible upconversion emission in Er3+ doped phosphate glass: role of silver nanoparticles,” J. Lumin.132(10), 2714–2718 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Righini, G.

M. Mattarelli, M. Montagna, K. Vishnubhatla, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, and G. Righini, “Mechanisms of Ag to Er energy transfer in silicate glasses: a photoluminescence study,” Phys. Rev. B75(12), 125102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Righini, G. C.

G. Speranza, L. Minati, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, G. C. Righini, and G. Ischia, “Quantum confinement and matrix effects in silver exchanged sodalime glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(11), 4445–4450 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Rivera, V.

V. Rivera, E. F. Chillcce, E. Rodriguez, C. L. Cesar, and L. C. Barbosa, “Planar waveguides by ion exchange in Er3+-doped tellurite glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids352(5), 363–367 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez, E.

V. Rivera, E. F. Chillcce, E. Rodriguez, C. L. Cesar, and L. C. Barbosa, “Planar waveguides by ion exchange in Er3+-doped tellurite glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids352(5), 363–367 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rodríguez, V. D.

Ruan, J.

Q. Zhang, X. Liu, Y. Qiao, B. Qian, G. Dong, J. Ruan, Q. Zhou, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, “Reduction of Eu3+ to Eu2+ in Eu-doped high silica glass prepared in air atmosphere,” Opt. Mater.32(3), 427–431 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Sahar, M. R.

J. Amjad, M. R. Sahar, S. K. Ghoshal, M. R. Dousti, S. Riaz, and B. A. Tahir, “Enhanced infrared to visible upconversion emission in Er3+ doped phosphate glass: role of silver nanoparticles,” J. Lumin.132(10), 2714–2718 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Salavcová, L.

F. Ondráček, L. Salavcová, M. Míka, F. Lahodný, R. Slavík, J. Špirková, and J. Čtyroký, “Fabrication and characterization of channel optical waveguides in Er/Yb-doped silicate glasses,” Opt. Mater.30(3), 457–461 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Santa-Cruz, P. A.

O. L. Malta, P. A. Santa-Cruz, G. F. De Sa, and F. Auzel, “Fluorescence enhancement induced by the presence of small silver particles in Eu3+-doped materials,” J. Lumin.33(3), 261–272 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Selvan, S. T.

S. T. Selvan, T. Hayakawa, and M. Nogami, “Remarkable influence of silver islands on the enhancement of fluorescence from Eu3+ ion-doped silica gels,” J. Phys. Chem. B103(34), 7064–7067 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Semchenko, A. V.

G. E. Malashkevich, A. V. Semchenko, A. A. Sukhodola, A. P. Stupak, A. V. Sukhodolov, B. V. Plyushch, V. V. Sidskiĭ, and G. A. Denisenko, “Influence of silver on the Sm3+ luminescence in ‘Aerosil’ silica glasses,” Phys. Solid State50(8), 1464–1472 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sidskii, V. V.

G. E. Malashkevich, A. V. Semchenko, A. A. Sukhodola, A. P. Stupak, A. V. Sukhodolov, B. V. Plyushch, V. V. Sidskiĭ, and G. A. Denisenko, “Influence of silver on the Sm3+ luminescence in ‘Aerosil’ silica glasses,” Phys. Solid State50(8), 1464–1472 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Simo, A.

A. Simo, J. Polte, N. Pfänder, U. Vainio, F. Emmerling, and K. Rademann, “Formation mechanism of silver nanoparticles stabilized in glassy matrices,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(45), 18824–18833 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Slavík, R.

F. Ondráček, L. Salavcová, M. Míka, F. Lahodný, R. Slavík, J. Špirková, and J. Čtyroký, “Fabrication and characterization of channel optical waveguides in Er/Yb-doped silicate glasses,” Opt. Mater.30(3), 457–461 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Som, T.

T. Som and B. Karmakar, “Nanosilver enhanced upconversion fluorescence of erbium ions in Er3+: Ag-antimony glass nanocomposites,” J. Appl. Phys.105(1), 013102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Speranza, G.

G. Speranza, L. Minati, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, G. C. Righini, and G. Ischia, “Quantum confinement and matrix effects in silver exchanged sodalime glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(11), 4445–4450 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Spirkova, J.

B. Svecova, J. Spirkova, S. Janakova, and M. Mika, “Ion-exchanged optical waveguides fabricated in novel Er3+ and Er3+/Yb3+-doped silicate glasses: relations between glass composition, basicity and waveguide properties,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B149(2), 177–180 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Špirková, J.

F. Ondráček, L. Salavcová, M. Míka, F. Lahodný, R. Slavík, J. Špirková, and J. Čtyroký, “Fabrication and characterization of channel optical waveguides in Er/Yb-doped silicate glasses,” Opt. Mater.30(3), 457–461 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Stupak, A. P.

G. E. Malashkevich, A. V. Semchenko, A. A. Sukhodola, A. P. Stupak, A. V. Sukhodolov, B. V. Plyushch, V. V. Sidskiĭ, and G. A. Denisenko, “Influence of silver on the Sm3+ luminescence in ‘Aerosil’ silica glasses,” Phys. Solid State50(8), 1464–1472 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sukhodola, A. A.

G. E. Malashkevich, A. V. Semchenko, A. A. Sukhodola, A. P. Stupak, A. V. Sukhodolov, B. V. Plyushch, V. V. Sidskiĭ, and G. A. Denisenko, “Influence of silver on the Sm3+ luminescence in ‘Aerosil’ silica glasses,” Phys. Solid State50(8), 1464–1472 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sukhodolov, A. V.

G. E. Malashkevich, A. V. Semchenko, A. A. Sukhodola, A. P. Stupak, A. V. Sukhodolov, B. V. Plyushch, V. V. Sidskiĭ, and G. A. Denisenko, “Influence of silver on the Sm3+ luminescence in ‘Aerosil’ silica glasses,” Phys. Solid State50(8), 1464–1472 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Svecova, B.

B. Svecova, J. Spirkova, S. Janakova, and M. Mika, “Ion-exchanged optical waveguides fabricated in novel Er3+ and Er3+/Yb3+-doped silicate glasses: relations between glass composition, basicity and waveguide properties,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B149(2), 177–180 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Tahir, B. A.

J. Amjad, M. R. Sahar, S. K. Ghoshal, M. R. Dousti, S. Riaz, and B. A. Tahir, “Enhanced infrared to visible upconversion emission in Er3+ doped phosphate glass: role of silver nanoparticles,” J. Lumin.132(10), 2714–2718 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tikhomirov, V. K.

Trave, E.

A. Quaranta, A. Rahman, G. Mariotto, C. Maurizio, E. Trave, F. Gonella, E. Cattaruzza, E. Gibaudo, and J. E. Broquin, “Spectroscopic investigation of structural rearrangements in silver ion-exchanged silicate glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(5), 3757–3764 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Vainio, U.

A. Simo, J. Polte, N. Pfänder, U. Vainio, F. Emmerling, and K. Rademann, “Formation mechanism of silver nanoparticles stabilized in glassy matrices,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(45), 18824–18833 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Van Tendeloo, G.

Verma, R. K.

G. Kaur, R. K. Verma, D. K. Rai, and S. B. Rai, “Plasmon-enhanced luminescence of Sm complex using silver nanoparticles in polyvinyl alcohol,” J. Lumin.132(7), 1683–1687 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Veron, O.

O. Veron, J. P. Blondeau, D. De Sousa Meneses, and C. A. Vignolle, “Structural changes of Ag+-Na+ annealed ion-exchanged silicate glasses scanning electron microscopy, far-infrared reflectivity, UV-visible absorption, and TEM investigation,” Plasmonics6(1), 137–148 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Véron, O.

O. Véron, J. P. Blondeau, N. Abdelkrim, and E. Ntsoenzok, “Luminescence study of silver nanoparticles obtained by annealed ionic exchange silicate glasses,” Plasmonics5(2), 213–219 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Vignolle, C. A.

O. Veron, J. P. Blondeau, D. De Sousa Meneses, and C. A. Vignolle, “Structural changes of Ag+-Na+ annealed ion-exchanged silicate glasses scanning electron microscopy, far-infrared reflectivity, UV-visible absorption, and TEM investigation,” Plasmonics6(1), 137–148 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Villegas, M. A.

S. E. Paje, M. A. Garcıa, J. Llopis, and M. A. Villegas, “Optical spectroscopy of silver ion-exchanged As-doped glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids318(3), 239–247 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vishnubhatla, K.

M. Mattarelli, M. Montagna, K. Vishnubhatla, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, and G. Righini, “Mechanisms of Ag to Er energy transfer in silicate glasses: a photoluminescence study,” Phys. Rev. B75(12), 125102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X. F.

Wei, R. F.

J. J. Li, R. F. Wei, X. Y. Liu, and H. Guo, “Enhanced luminescence via energy transfer from Ag+ to RE ions (Dy3+, Sm3+, Tb3+) in glasses,” Opt. Express20(9), 10122–10127 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Li, J. D. Chen, R. F. Wei, and H. Guo, “Combined white luminescence from Eu3+, ML-Ag particles and Ag+ in Ag-Eu3+ co-doped H3BO3-BaF2 glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.95(4), 1208–1211 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Weill, F.

I. Belharouak, F. Weill, C. Parent, G. Le Flem, and B. Moine, “Silver particles in glasses of the Ag2O-ZnO-P2 O5 system,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids293-295, 649–656 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wetter, N. U.

L. R. P. Kassab, F. A. Bomfim, J. R. Martinelli, N. U. Wetter, J. J. Neto, and C. B. Araújo, “Energy transfer and frequency upconversion in Yb3+-Er3+-doped PbO-GeO2 glass containing silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. B94(2), 239–242 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G.

J. A. Jimenez, S. Lysenko, G. Zhang, and H. Liu, “Optical properties of silver-doped aluminophosphate glasses,” J. Mater. Sci.42(5), 1856–1863 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q.

Q. Zhang, X. Liu, Y. Qiao, B. Qian, G. Dong, J. Ruan, Q. Zhou, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, “Reduction of Eu3+ to Eu2+ in Eu-doped high silica glass prepared in air atmosphere,” Opt. Mater.32(3), 427–431 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

Y. Kishimoto, X. Zhang, T. Hayakawa, and M. Nogami, “Blue light emission from Eu2+ ions in sol-gel-derived Al2O3–SiO2 glasses,” J. Lumin.129(9), 1055–1059 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Q.

Q. Zhang, X. Liu, Y. Qiao, B. Qian, G. Dong, J. Ruan, Q. Zhou, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, “Reduction of Eu3+ to Eu2+ in Eu-doped high silica glass prepared in air atmosphere,” Opt. Mater.32(3), 427–431 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

M. Eichelbaum and K. Rademann, “Plasmonic enhancement or energy transfer? On the luminescence of gold-, silver-, and lanthanide-doped silicate glasses and its potential for light-emitting devices,” Adv. Funct. Mater.19(13), 2045–2052 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

L. R. P. Kassab, F. A. Bomfim, J. R. Martinelli, N. U. Wetter, J. J. Neto, and C. B. Araújo, “Energy transfer and frequency upconversion in Yb3+-Er3+-doped PbO-GeO2 glass containing silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. B94(2), 239–242 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

L. P. Naranjo, C. B. de Araújo, O. L. Malta, P. A. S. Cruz, and L. R. P. Kassab, “Enhancement of Pr3+ luminescence in PbO-GeO2 glasses containing silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Phys. Lett.87(24), 241914 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process. (1)

E. Borsella, G. Battaglin, M. A. Garcia, F. Gonella, P. Mazzoldi, R. Polloni, and A. Quaranta, “Structural incorporation of silver in soda-lime glass by the ion-exchange process: a photoluminescence spectroscopy study,” Appl. Phys., A Mater. Sci. Process.71, 125–132 (2000).

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

E. Borsella, F. Gonella, P. Mazzoldi, A. Quaranta, G. Battaglin, and R. Polloni, “Spectroscopic investigation of silver in soda-lime glass,” Chem. Phys. Lett.284(5-6), 429–434 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

J. J. Li, J. D. Chen, R. F. Wei, and H. Guo, “Combined white luminescence from Eu3+, ML-Ag particles and Ag+ in Ag-Eu3+ co-doped H3BO3-BaF2 glasses,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.95(4), 1208–1211 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

A. Simo, J. Polte, N. Pfänder, U. Vainio, F. Emmerling, and K. Rademann, “Formation mechanism of silver nanoparticles stabilized in glassy matrices,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.134(45), 18824–18833 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

J. A. Jiménez, S. Lysenko, and H. Liu, “Photoluminescence via plasmon resonance energy transfer in silver nanocomposite glasses,” J. Appl. Phys.104(5), 054313 (2008).
[CrossRef]

T. Som and B. Karmakar, “Nanosilver enhanced upconversion fluorescence of erbium ions in Er3+: Ag-antimony glass nanocomposites,” J. Appl. Phys.105(1), 013102 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (5)

J. A. Jiménez, S. Lysenko, and H. Liu, “Enhanced UV-excited luminescence of europium ions in silver/tin-doped glass,” J. Lumin.128(5-6), 831–833 (2008).
[CrossRef]

O. L. Malta, P. A. Santa-Cruz, G. F. De Sa, and F. Auzel, “Fluorescence enhancement induced by the presence of small silver particles in Eu3+-doped materials,” J. Lumin.33(3), 261–272 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. Amjad, M. R. Sahar, S. K. Ghoshal, M. R. Dousti, S. Riaz, and B. A. Tahir, “Enhanced infrared to visible upconversion emission in Er3+ doped phosphate glass: role of silver nanoparticles,” J. Lumin.132(10), 2714–2718 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Kaur, R. K. Verma, D. K. Rai, and S. B. Rai, “Plasmon-enhanced luminescence of Sm complex using silver nanoparticles in polyvinyl alcohol,” J. Lumin.132(7), 1683–1687 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kishimoto, X. Zhang, T. Hayakawa, and M. Nogami, “Blue light emission from Eu2+ ions in sol-gel-derived Al2O3–SiO2 glasses,” J. Lumin.129(9), 1055–1059 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Sci. (1)

J. A. Jimenez, S. Lysenko, G. Zhang, and H. Liu, “Optical properties of silver-doped aluminophosphate glasses,” J. Mater. Sci.42(5), 1856–1863 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Nanophotonics (1)

P. Piasecki, A. Piasecki, Z. Pan, R. Mu, and S. H. Morgan, “Formation of Ag nanoparticles and enhancement of Tb3+ luminescence in Tb and Ag co-doped lithium-lanthanum-aluminosilicate glass,” J. Nanophotonics4(1), 043522 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (3)

V. Rivera, E. F. Chillcce, E. Rodriguez, C. L. Cesar, and L. C. Barbosa, “Planar waveguides by ion exchange in Er3+-doped tellurite glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids352(5), 363–367 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Paje, M. A. Garcıa, J. Llopis, and M. A. Villegas, “Optical spectroscopy of silver ion-exchanged As-doped glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids318(3), 239–247 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. Belharouak, F. Weill, C. Parent, G. Le Flem, and B. Moine, “Silver particles in glasses of the Ag2O-ZnO-P2 O5 system,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids293-295, 649–656 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

S. T. Selvan, T. Hayakawa, and M. Nogami, “Remarkable influence of silver islands on the enhancement of fluorescence from Eu3+ ion-doped silica gels,” J. Phys. Chem. B103(34), 7064–7067 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. C (2)

A. Quaranta, A. Rahman, G. Mariotto, C. Maurizio, E. Trave, F. Gonella, E. Cattaruzza, E. Gibaudo, and J. E. Broquin, “Spectroscopic investigation of structural rearrangements in silver ion-exchanged silicate glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(5), 3757–3764 (2012).
[CrossRef]

G. Speranza, L. Minati, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, G. C. Righini, and G. Ischia, “Quantum confinement and matrix effects in silver exchanged sodalime glasses,” J. Phys. Chem. C113(11), 4445–4450 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Res. Bull. (1)

D. Manikandan, S. Mohan, and K. Nair, “Absorption and luminescence of silver nanocomposite soda-lime glass formed by Ag+-Na+ ion-exchange,” Mater. Res. Bull.38(9-10), 1545–1550 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Sci. Eng. B (1)

B. Svecova, J. Spirkova, S. Janakova, and M. Mika, “Ion-exchanged optical waveguides fabricated in novel Er3+ and Er3+/Yb3+-doped silicate glasses: relations between glass composition, basicity and waveguide properties,” Mater. Sci. Eng. B149(2), 177–180 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Mater. (2)

Q. Zhang, X. Liu, Y. Qiao, B. Qian, G. Dong, J. Ruan, Q. Zhou, J. Qiu, and D. Chen, “Reduction of Eu3+ to Eu2+ in Eu-doped high silica glass prepared in air atmosphere,” Opt. Mater.32(3), 427–431 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Ondráček, L. Salavcová, M. Míka, F. Lahodný, R. Slavík, J. Špirková, and J. Čtyroký, “Fabrication and characterization of channel optical waveguides in Er/Yb-doped silicate glasses,” Opt. Mater.30(3), 457–461 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

M. Mattarelli, M. Montagna, K. Vishnubhatla, A. Chiasera, M. Ferrari, and G. Righini, “Mechanisms of Ag to Er energy transfer in silicate glasses: a photoluminescence study,” Phys. Rev. B75(12), 125102 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Solid State (1)

G. E. Malashkevich, A. V. Semchenko, A. A. Sukhodola, A. P. Stupak, A. V. Sukhodolov, B. V. Plyushch, V. V. Sidskiĭ, and G. A. Denisenko, “Influence of silver on the Sm3+ luminescence in ‘Aerosil’ silica glasses,” Phys. Solid State50(8), 1464–1472 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Plasmonics (2)

O. Véron, J. P. Blondeau, N. Abdelkrim, and E. Ntsoenzok, “Luminescence study of silver nanoparticles obtained by annealed ionic exchange silicate glasses,” Plasmonics5(2), 213–219 (2010).
[CrossRef]

O. Veron, J. P. Blondeau, D. De Sousa Meneses, and C. A. Vignolle, “Structural changes of Ag+-Na+ annealed ion-exchanged silicate glasses scanning electron microscopy, far-infrared reflectivity, UV-visible absorption, and TEM investigation,” Plasmonics6(1), 137–148 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Excitation spectra of silver ion-exchanged glasses monitored at 615 nm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

PL spectra under 350nm excitation of silver ion-exchanged glasses.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

PL spectra under 280nm excitation of silver ion-exchanged glasses.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The CIE chromaticity diagram of emission for silver ion-exchanged glasses upon 350nm excitation.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Absorption spectra of the heat treatment silver glasses.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Excitation spectra (λem = 615nm) of the heat treatment silver glasses.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Emission spectra (λex = 350nm) of the heat treatment silver glasses.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Eu 2+ +Ag + Eu 3+ +Ag 0
Ag 0 +Ag + Ag 2 +

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