Abstract

We carefully examined the fluorescence properties of Yb-doped fibers before and after pump-induced photodarkening (PD) and found a significant reduction of Yb3+ fluorescence intensity and lifetime due to the degradation process, obviously correlated with the measured PD loss. To explain these results, a non-radiative energy transfer from excited Yb3+ ions to the atomic defects (color centers) in close vicinity of the Yb3+ ions is suggested and discussed quantitatively as a function of PD loss generated in fibers with different Yb concentrations, by various pump powers or at different photodarkening states. All modifications of fluorescence properties proved to be reversed by thermal bleaching of the PD-induced color centers.

© 2013 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. D. Guzman Chávez, A. V. Kiryanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, and N. N. Ilichev, “Reversible photodarkening and resonant photobleaching of ytterbium-doped silica fiber at in-core 977-nm and 543-nm irradiation,” Laser Phys. Lett.4(10), 734–739 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. A. Schwuchow, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and J. Kirchhof (Institute of Photonic Technology, Albert-Einstein-Str. 9, 07745 Jena, Germany) are preparing a manuscript to be called “Advanced absorption and fluorescence measurements to characterize photodarkening and related properties of Yb fibers”.
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2012 (2)

2011 (3)

K. E. Mattsson, “Photo darkening of rare earth doped silica,” Opt. Express19(21), 19797–19812 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. N. Zervas, F. Ghiringhelli, M. K. Durkin, and I. Crowe, “Distribution of photodarkening-induced loss in Yb-doped fiber amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE7914, 79140L, 79140L-8 (2011).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. S. Aleshkina, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence and photoinduced absorption in ytterbium-doped optical fibres,” Quantum Electron.41(12), 1073–1079 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (1)

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, M. Leich, and A. Scheffel, “The influence of Yb2+ ions on optical properties and power stability of ytterbium doped laser fibers,” Proc. SPIE7598, 75980B, 75980B-11 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (2)

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and V. Reichel, “Yb doped silica based laser fibers: correlation of photodarkening kinetics and related optical properties with the glass composition,” Proc. SPIE7195, 71950S, 71950S-15 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Jetschke and U. Röpke, “Power-law dependence of the photodarkening rate constant on the inversion in Yb doped fibers,” Opt. Lett.34(1), 109–111 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (1)

2007 (3)

2006 (2)

1997 (1)

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibers,” Opt. Commun.136(5-6), 375–378 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Aleshkina, S. S.

A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. S. Aleshkina, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence and photoinduced absorption in ytterbium-doped optical fibres,” Quantum Electron.41(12), 1073–1079 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Barber, P. R.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibers,” Opt. Commun.136(5-6), 375–378 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Barmenkov, Y. O.

A. D. Guzman Chávez, A. V. Kiryanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, and N. N. Ilichev, “Reversible photodarkening and resonant photobleaching of ytterbium-doped silica fiber at in-core 977-nm and 543-nm irradiation,” Laser Phys. Lett.4(10), 734–739 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Basu, C.

Boyland, A. J.

Bubnov, M. M.

A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. S. Aleshkina, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence and photoinduced absorption in ytterbium-doped optical fibres,” Quantum Electron.41(12), 1073–1079 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Caplen, J. E.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibers,” Opt. Commun.136(5-6), 375–378 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Clarkson, W. A.

Crowe, I.

M. N. Zervas, F. Ghiringhelli, M. K. Durkin, and I. Crowe, “Distribution of photodarkening-induced loss in Yb-doped fiber amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE7914, 79140L, 79140L-8 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dianov, E. M.

A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. S. Aleshkina, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence and photoinduced absorption in ytterbium-doped optical fibres,” Quantum Electron.41(12), 1073–1079 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Durkin, M. K.

M. N. Zervas, F. Ghiringhelli, M. K. Durkin, and I. Crowe, “Distribution of photodarkening-induced loss in Yb-doped fiber amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE7914, 79140L, 79140L-8 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Engholm, M.

Gebavi, H.

Ghiringhelli, F.

M. N. Zervas, F. Ghiringhelli, M. K. Durkin, and I. Crowe, “Distribution of photodarkening-induced loss in Yb-doped fiber amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE7914, 79140L, 79140L-8 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Girard, S.

Gur’yanov, A. N.

A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. S. Aleshkina, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence and photoinduced absorption in ytterbium-doped optical fibres,” Quantum Electron.41(12), 1073–1079 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Guzman Chávez, A. D.

A. D. Guzman Chávez, A. V. Kiryanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, and N. N. Ilichev, “Reversible photodarkening and resonant photobleaching of ytterbium-doped silica fiber at in-core 977-nm and 543-nm irradiation,” Laser Phys. Lett.4(10), 734–739 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibers,” Opt. Commun.136(5-6), 375–378 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hoffman, H. J.

Ilichev, N. N.

A. D. Guzman Chávez, A. V. Kiryanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, and N. N. Ilichev, “Reversible photodarkening and resonant photobleaching of ytterbium-doped silica fiber at in-core 977-nm and 543-nm irradiation,” Laser Phys. Lett.4(10), 734–739 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jetschke, S.

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, M. Leich, and J. Kirchhof, “Photodarkening kinetics as a function of Yb concentration and the role of Al codoping,” Appl. Opt.51(32), 7758–7764 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, M. Leich, and A. Scheffel, “The influence of Yb2+ ions on optical properties and power stability of ytterbium doped laser fibers,” Proc. SPIE7598, 75980B, 75980B-11 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Jetschke and U. Röpke, “Power-law dependence of the photodarkening rate constant on the inversion in Yb doped fibers,” Opt. Lett.34(1), 109–111 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and V. Reichel, “Yb doped silica based laser fibers: correlation of photodarkening kinetics and related optical properties with the glass composition,” Proc. SPIE7195, 71950S, 71950S-15 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, U. Röpke, and J. Kirchhof, “Photodarkening in Yb doped fibers: experimental evidence of equilibrium states depending on the pump power,” Opt. Express15(22), 14838–14843 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kirchhof, J.

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, M. Leich, and J. Kirchhof, “Photodarkening kinetics as a function of Yb concentration and the role of Al codoping,” Appl. Opt.51(32), 7758–7764 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, M. Leich, and A. Scheffel, “The influence of Yb2+ ions on optical properties and power stability of ytterbium doped laser fibers,” Proc. SPIE7598, 75980B, 75980B-11 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and V. Reichel, “Yb doped silica based laser fibers: correlation of photodarkening kinetics and related optical properties with the glass composition,” Proc. SPIE7195, 71950S, 71950S-15 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, U. Röpke, and J. Kirchhof, “Photodarkening in Yb doped fibers: experimental evidence of equilibrium states depending on the pump power,” Opt. Express15(22), 14838–14843 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kiryanov, A. V.

A. D. Guzman Chávez, A. V. Kiryanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, and N. N. Ilichev, “Reversible photodarkening and resonant photobleaching of ytterbium-doped silica fiber at in-core 977-nm and 543-nm irradiation,” Laser Phys. Lett.4(10), 734–739 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Koponen, J. J.

Laroche, M.

Leich, M.

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, M. Leich, and J. Kirchhof, “Photodarkening kinetics as a function of Yb concentration and the role of Al codoping,” Appl. Opt.51(32), 7758–7764 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, M. Leich, and A. Scheffel, “The influence of Yb2+ ions on optical properties and power stability of ytterbium doped laser fibers,” Proc. SPIE7598, 75980B, 75980B-11 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and V. Reichel, “Yb doped silica based laser fibers: correlation of photodarkening kinetics and related optical properties with the glass composition,” Proc. SPIE7195, 71950S, 71950S-15 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Likhachev, M. E.

A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. S. Aleshkina, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence and photoinduced absorption in ytterbium-doped optical fibres,” Quantum Electron.41(12), 1073–1079 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Mattsson, K. E.

Monteville, A.

Nilsson, J.

Norin, L.

Paschotta, R.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibers,” Opt. Commun.136(5-6), 375–378 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D.

Reichel, V.

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, M. Leich, and A. Scheffel, “The influence of Yb2+ ions on optical properties and power stability of ytterbium doped laser fibers,” Proc. SPIE7598, 75980B, 75980B-11 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and V. Reichel, “Yb doped silica based laser fibers: correlation of photodarkening kinetics and related optical properties with the glass composition,” Proc. SPIE7195, 71950S, 71950S-15 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Robin, T.

Röpke, U.

Rybaltovsky, A. A.

A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. S. Aleshkina, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence and photoinduced absorption in ytterbium-doped optical fibres,” Quantum Electron.41(12), 1073–1079 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sahu, J. K.

Scheffel, A.

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, M. Leich, and A. Scheffel, “The influence of Yb2+ ions on optical properties and power stability of ytterbium doped laser fibers,” Proc. SPIE7598, 75980B, 75980B-11 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Schwuchow, A.

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, M. Leich, and A. Scheffel, “The influence of Yb2+ ions on optical properties and power stability of ytterbium doped laser fibers,” Proc. SPIE7598, 75980B, 75980B-11 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and V. Reichel, “Yb doped silica based laser fibers: correlation of photodarkening kinetics and related optical properties with the glass composition,” Proc. SPIE7195, 71950S, 71950S-15 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Söderlund, M. J.

Sones, C.

Taccheo, S.

Tammela, S. K. T.

Tregoat, D.

Tropper, A. C.

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibers,” Opt. Commun.136(5-6), 375–378 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Umnikov, A. A.

A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. S. Aleshkina, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence and photoinduced absorption in ytterbium-doped optical fibres,” Quantum Electron.41(12), 1073–1079 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Unger, S.

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, M. Leich, and J. Kirchhof, “Photodarkening kinetics as a function of Yb concentration and the role of Al codoping,” Appl. Opt.51(32), 7758–7764 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, M. Leich, and A. Scheffel, “The influence of Yb2+ ions on optical properties and power stability of ytterbium doped laser fibers,” Proc. SPIE7598, 75980B, 75980B-11 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and V. Reichel, “Yb doped silica based laser fibers: correlation of photodarkening kinetics and related optical properties with the glass composition,” Proc. SPIE7195, 71950S, 71950S-15 (2009).
[CrossRef]

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, U. Röpke, and J. Kirchhof, “Photodarkening in Yb doped fibers: experimental evidence of equilibrium states depending on the pump power,” Opt. Express15(22), 14838–14843 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yashkov, M. V.

A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. S. Aleshkina, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence and photoinduced absorption in ytterbium-doped optical fibres,” Quantum Electron.41(12), 1073–1079 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Yoo, S.

Zervas, M. N.

M. N. Zervas, F. Ghiringhelli, M. K. Durkin, and I. Crowe, “Distribution of photodarkening-induced loss in Yb-doped fiber amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE7914, 79140L, 79140L-8 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

A. D. Guzman Chávez, A. V. Kiryanov, Y. O. Barmenkov, and N. N. Ilichev, “Reversible photodarkening and resonant photobleaching of ytterbium-doped silica fiber at in-core 977-nm and 543-nm irradiation,” Laser Phys. Lett.4(10), 734–739 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

R. Paschotta, J. Nilsson, P. R. Barber, J. E. Caplen, A. C. Tropper, and D. C. Hanna, “Lifetime quenching in Yb-doped fibers,” Opt. Commun.136(5-6), 375–378 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Proc. SPIE (3)

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and V. Reichel, “Yb doped silica based laser fibers: correlation of photodarkening kinetics and related optical properties with the glass composition,” Proc. SPIE7195, 71950S, 71950S-15 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Kirchhof, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, M. Leich, and A. Scheffel, “The influence of Yb2+ ions on optical properties and power stability of ytterbium doped laser fibers,” Proc. SPIE7598, 75980B, 75980B-11 (2010).
[CrossRef]

M. N. Zervas, F. Ghiringhelli, M. K. Durkin, and I. Crowe, “Distribution of photodarkening-induced loss in Yb-doped fiber amplifiers,” Proc. SPIE7914, 79140L, 79140L-8 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Quantum Electron. (1)

A. A. Rybaltovsky, S. S. Aleshkina, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, A. A. Umnikov, M. V. Yashkov, A. N. Gur’yanov, and E. M. Dianov, “Luminescence and photoinduced absorption in ytterbium-doped optical fibres,” Quantum Electron.41(12), 1073–1079 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

A. Schwuchow, S. Unger, S. Jetschke, and J. Kirchhof (Institute of Photonic Technology, Albert-Einstein-Str. 9, 07745 Jena, Germany) are preparing a manuscript to be called “Advanced absorption and fluorescence measurements to characterize photodarkening and related properties of Yb fibers”.

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