Abstract

We synthesized green-emitting platinum (Pt) nanoclusters (excitation: 460 nm, emission: 520 nm) by reducing Pt ions from pre-equilibrated Pt/fourth-generation poly(amidoamine) dendrimers (PAMAM (G4-OH)) complexes with a mild reductant. The structural characteristics of the resulting Pt nanoclusters, Pt8L8 (L = C2H2O2S), were determined by Electrospray ionization (ESI) mass spectroscopy. These nanoclusters possess a 28% quantum yield, which is higher than those of green-emitting Au and Ag nanoclusters. We also found that Pt nanoclusters have considerably low cytotoxicity and biocompatibility, and demonstrated that they could be used for biomedical imaging. This study provides the possibility to extend the photoluminescent wavelength of Pt nanoclusters to the near infrared region, which is ideal for biological imaging applications.

© 2013 OSA

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. Zheng, C. Zhang, and R. M. Dickson, “Highly fluorescent, water-soluble, size-tunable gold quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(7), 077402 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. J. Zheng, P. R. Nicovich, and R. M. Dickson, “Highly fluorescent noble-metal quantum dots,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem.58(1), 409–431 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. L. Shang, S. Dong, and G. U. Nienhaus, “Ultra-small fluorescent metal nanoclusters: synthesis and biological applications,” Nano Today6(4), 401–418 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Zheng, J. T. Petty, and R. M. Dickson, “High quantum yield blue emission from water-soluble Au8 nanodots,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.125(26), 7780–7781 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. H. Duan and S. Nie, “Etching colloidal gold nanocrystals with hyperbranched and multivalent polymers: a new route to fluorescent and water-soluble atomic clusters,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.129(9), 2412–2413 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Xie, Y. Zheng, and J. Y. Ying, “Protein-directed synthesis of highly fluorescent gold nanoclusters,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.131(3), 888–889 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. H. Kawasaki, H. Yamamoto, H. Fujimori, R. Arakawa, Y. Iwasaki, and M. Inada, “Stability of the DMF-protected Au nanoclusters: photochemical, dispersion, and thermal properties,” Langmuir26(8), 5926–5933 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. Y. Shishino, T. Yonezawa, K. Kawai, and H. Nishihara, “Molten matrix sputtering synthesis of water-soluble luminescent Au nanoparticles with a large Stokes shift,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(38), 7211–7213 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. X. Le Guével, B. Hötzer, G. Jung, and M. Schneider, “NIR-emitting fluorescent gold nanoclusters doped in silica nanoparticles,” J. Mater. Chem.21(9), 2974–2981 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. Bao, C. Zhong, D. M. Vu, J. P. Temirov, R. B. Dyer, and J. S. Martinez, “Nanoparticle-free synthesis of fluorescent gold nanoclusters at physiological temperature,” J. Phys. Chem. C111(33), 12194–12198 (2007).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Z. Yuan, M. Peng, Y. He, and E. S. Yeung, “Functionalized fluorescent gold nanodots: synthesis and application for Pb2+ sensing,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(43), 11981–11983 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. H. Liu, X. Zhang, X. Wu, L. Jiang, C. Burda, and J.-J. Zhu, “Rapid sonochemical synthesis of highly luminescent non-toxic AuNCs and Au@AgNCs and Cu (II) sensing,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(14), 4237–4239 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. Xie, Y. Zheng, and J. Y. Ying, “Highly selective and ultrasensitive detection of Hg2+ based on fluorescence quenching of Au nanoclusters by Hg2+-Au+ interactions,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(6), 961–963 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. Y.-C. Shiang, C.-C. Huang, and H.-T. Chang, “Gold nanodot-based luminescent sensor for the detection of hydrogen peroxide and glucose,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (23): 3437–3439 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. C.-A. J. Lin, C.-H. Lee, J.-T. Hsieh, H.-H. Wang, J. K. Li, J.-L. Shen, W.-H. Chan, H.-I. Yeh, and W. H. Chang, “Synthesis of fluorescent metallic nanoclusters toward biomedical application: recent progress and present challenges,” J. Med. Biol. Eng.29(6), 276–283 (2009).
  16. C. Wang, J. Li, C. Amatore, Y. Chen, H. Jiang, and X.-M. Wang, “Gold nanoclusters and graphene nanocomposites for drug delivery and imaging of cancer cells,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.50(49), 11644–11648 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. C.-L. Liu, H.-T. Wu, Y.-H. Hsiao, C.-W. Lai, C.-W. Shih, Y.-K. Peng, K.-C. Tang, H.-W. Chang, Y.-C. Chien, J.-K. Hsiao, J.-T. Cheng, and P.-T. Chou, “Insulin-directed synthesis of fluorescent gold nanoclusters: preservation of insulin bioactivity and versatility in cell imaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.50(31), 7056–7060 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. S.-Y. Lin, N.-T. Chen, S.-P. Sum, L.-W. Lo, and C.-S. Yang, “Ligand exchanged photoluminescent gold quantum dots functionalized with leading peptides for nuclear targeting and intracellular imaging,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (39): 4762–4764 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. C. Sun, H. Yang, Y. Yuan, X. Tian, L. Wang, Y. Guo, L. Xu, J. Lei, N. Gao, G. J. Anderson, X.-J. Liang, C. Chen, Y. Zhao, and G. Nie, “Controlling assembly of paired gold clusters within apoferritin nanoreactor for in vivo kidney targeting and biomedical imaging,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(22), 8617–8624 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. B. Santiago González, M. J. Rodríguez, C. Blanco, J. Rivas, M. A. López-Quintela, and J. M. G. Martinho, “One step synthesis of the smallest photoluminescent and paramagnetic PVP-protected gold atomic clusters,” Nano Lett.10(10), 4217–4221 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. Y. Chen, Y. Shen, D. Sun, H. Zhang, D. Tian, J. Zhang, and J.-J. Zhu, “Fabrication of a dispersible graphene/gold nanoclusters hybrid and its potential application in electrogenerated chemiluminescence,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(42), 11733–11735 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. Y.-M. Fang, J. Song, J. Li, Y.-W. Wang, H.-H. Yang, J.-J. Sun, and G.-N. Chen, “Electrogenerated chemiluminescence from Au nanoclusters,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(8), 2369–2371 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. C. I. Richards, S. Choi, J.-C. Hsiang, Y. Antoku, T. Vosch, A. Bongiorno, Y.-L. Tzeng, and R. M. Dickson, “Oligonucleotide-stabilized Ag nanocluster fluorophores,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(15), 5038–5039 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. I. Díez, M. Pusa, S. Kulmala, H. Jiang, A. Walther, A. S. Goldmann, A. H. E. Müller, O. Ikkala, and R. H. A. Ras, “Color tunability and electrochemiluminescence of silver nanoclusters,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.48(12), 2122–2125 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. W. Guo, J. Yuan, Q. Dong, and E. Wang, “Highly sequence-dependent formation of fluorescent silver nanoclusters in hybridized DNA duplexes for single nucleotide mutation identification,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.132(3), 932–934 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. T. Udaya Bhaskara Rao and T. Pradeep, “Luminescent Ag7 and Ag8 clusters by interfacial synthesis,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.49(23), 3925–3929 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  27. H. Xu and K. S. Suslick, “Water-soluble fluorescent silver nanoclusters,” Adv. Mater.22(10), 1078–1082 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  28. Z. Wu, E. Lanni, W. Chen, M. E. Bier, D. Ly, and R. Jin, “High yield, large scale synthesis of thiolate-protected Ag7 clusters,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.131(46), 16672–16674 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  29. L. Deng, Z. Zhou, J. Li, T. Li, and S. Dong, “Fluorescent silver nanoclusters in hybridized DNA duplexes for the turn-on detection of Hg2+ ions,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(39), 11065–11067 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. W. Guo, J. Yuan, and E. Wang, “Strand exchange reaction modulated fluorescence “off-on” switching of hybridized DNA duplex stabilized silver nanoclusters,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(39), 10930–10932 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  31. J. Sharma, H.-C. Yeh, H. Yoo, J. H. Werner, and J. S. Martinez, “Silver nanocluster aptamers: in situ generation of intrinsically fluorescent recognition ligands for protein detection,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(8), 2294–2296 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  32. G.-Y. Lan, C.-C. Huang, and H.-T. Chang, “Silver nanoclusters as fluorescent probes for selective and sensitive detection of copper ions,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(8), 1257–1259 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. Z. Sun, Y. Wang, Y. Wei, R. Liu, H. Zhu, Y. Cui, Y. Zhao, and X. Gao, “Ag cluster-aptamer hybrid: specifically marking the nucleus of live cells,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(43), 11960–11962 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  34. J. Yu, S. A. Patel, and R. M. Dickson, “In vitro and intracellular production of peptide-encapsulated fluorescent silver nanoclusters,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.46(12), 2028–2030 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  35. J. Yu, S. Choi, and R. M. Dickson, “Shuttle-based fluorogenic silver-cluster biolabels,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.48(2), 318–320 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  36. S.-I. Tanaka, J. Miyazaki, D. K. Tiwari, T. Jin, and Y. Inouye, “Fluorescent platinum nanoclusters: synthesis, purification, characterization, and application to bioimaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.50(2), 431–435 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  37. H. Kawasaki, H. Yamamoto, H. Fujimori, R. Arakawa, M. Inada, and Y. Iwasaki, “Surfactant-free solution synthesis of fluorescent platinum subnanoclusters,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(21), 3759–3761 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  38. X. Le Guével, V. Trouillet, C. Spies, G. Jung, and M. Schneider, “Synthesis of yellow-emitting platinum nanoclusters by ligand etching,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(10), 6047–6051 (2012).
    [CrossRef]
  39. H. Kawasaki, Y. Kosaka, Y. Myoujin, T. Narushima, T. Yonezawa, and R. Arakawa, “Microwave-assisted polyol synthesis of copper nanocrystals without using additional protective agents,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(27), 7740–7742 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  40. W. Wei, Y. Lu, W. Chen, and S. Chen, “One-pot synthesis, photoluminescence, and electrocatalytic properties of subnanometer-sized copper clusters,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(7), 2060–2063 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  41. M. Hyotanishi, Y. Isomura, H. Yamamoto, H. Kawasaki, and Y. Obora, “Surfactant-free synthesis of palladium nanoclusters for their use in catalytic cross-coupling reactions,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(20), 5750–5752 (2011).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  42. M. R. Knecht, M. G. Weir, V. S. Myers, W. D. Pyrz, H. Ye, V. Petkov, D. J. Buttrey, A. I. Frenkel, and R. M. Crooks, “Synthesis and characterization of Pt dendrimer-encapsulated nanoparticle: effect of the template on nanoparticle formation,” Chem. Mater.20(16), 5218–5228 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  43. Y. Gu, P. Sanders, and H. J. Ploehn, “Quantitative analysis of Pt-PAMAM ligand exchange reactions: time and concentration effects,” Colloids Surf. A Physicochem. Eng. Asp.356(1-3), 10–15 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  44. C. H. Gammons, “Experimental investigations of the hydrothermal geochemistry of platinum and palladium: V. equilibria between platinum metal, Pt(II), and Pt(IV) chloride complexes at 25 to 300 °C,” Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta60(10), 1683–1694 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  45. Blue-emitting species were produced in the same manner using a stronger reductant (NaBH4) rather than trisodium citrate. No green photoluminescence were observed from the species.
  46. W. I. Lee, Y. Bae, and A. J. Bard, “Strong blue photoluminescence and ECL from OH-terminated PAMAM dendrimers in the absence of gold nanoparticles,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.126(27), 8358–8359 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  47. A. Müller, B. Homey, H. Soto, N. Ge, D. Catron, M. E. Buchanan, T. McClanahan, E. Murphy, W. Yuan, S. N. Wagner, J. L. Barrera, A. Mohar, E. Verástegui, and A. Zlotnik, “Involvement of chemokine receptors in breast cancer metastasis,” Nature410(6824), 50–56 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  48. Z. De Liu, S. F. Chen, C. Z. Huang, S. J. Zhen, and Q. G. Liao, “Light scattering sensing detection of pathogens based on the molecular recognition of immunoglobulin with cell wall-associated protein A,” Anal. Chim. Acta599(2), 279–286 (2007).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  49. T. Jin, D. K. Tiwari, S.-I. Tanaka, Y. Inouye, K. Yoshizawa, and T. M. Watanabe, “Antibody-protein A conjugated quantum dots for multiplexed imaging of surface receptors in living cells,” Mol. Biosyst.6(11), 2325–2331 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2012 (1)

X. Le Guével, V. Trouillet, C. Spies, G. Jung, and M. Schneider, “Synthesis of yellow-emitting platinum nanoclusters by ligand etching,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(10), 6047–6051 (2012).
[CrossRef]

2011 (17)

H. Kawasaki, Y. Kosaka, Y. Myoujin, T. Narushima, T. Yonezawa, and R. Arakawa, “Microwave-assisted polyol synthesis of copper nanocrystals without using additional protective agents,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(27), 7740–7742 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Wei, Y. Lu, W. Chen, and S. Chen, “One-pot synthesis, photoluminescence, and electrocatalytic properties of subnanometer-sized copper clusters,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(7), 2060–2063 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hyotanishi, Y. Isomura, H. Yamamoto, H. Kawasaki, and Y. Obora, “Surfactant-free synthesis of palladium nanoclusters for their use in catalytic cross-coupling reactions,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(20), 5750–5752 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-I. Tanaka, J. Miyazaki, D. K. Tiwari, T. Jin, and Y. Inouye, “Fluorescent platinum nanoclusters: synthesis, purification, characterization, and application to bioimaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.50(2), 431–435 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Shang, S. Dong, and G. U. Nienhaus, “Ultra-small fluorescent metal nanoclusters: synthesis and biological applications,” Nano Today6(4), 401–418 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Z. Yuan, M. Peng, Y. He, and E. S. Yeung, “Functionalized fluorescent gold nanodots: synthesis and application for Pb2+ sensing,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(43), 11981–11983 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Liu, X. Zhang, X. Wu, L. Jiang, C. Burda, and J.-J. Zhu, “Rapid sonochemical synthesis of highly luminescent non-toxic AuNCs and Au@AgNCs and Cu (II) sensing,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(14), 4237–4239 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Le Guével, B. Hötzer, G. Jung, and M. Schneider, “NIR-emitting fluorescent gold nanoclusters doped in silica nanoparticles,” J. Mater. Chem.21(9), 2974–2981 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C. Wang, J. Li, C. Amatore, Y. Chen, H. Jiang, and X.-M. Wang, “Gold nanoclusters and graphene nanocomposites for drug delivery and imaging of cancer cells,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.50(49), 11644–11648 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-L. Liu, H.-T. Wu, Y.-H. Hsiao, C.-W. Lai, C.-W. Shih, Y.-K. Peng, K.-C. Tang, H.-W. Chang, Y.-C. Chien, J.-K. Hsiao, J.-T. Cheng, and P.-T. Chou, “Insulin-directed synthesis of fluorescent gold nanoclusters: preservation of insulin bioactivity and versatility in cell imaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.50(31), 7056–7060 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Sun, H. Yang, Y. Yuan, X. Tian, L. Wang, Y. Guo, L. Xu, J. Lei, N. Gao, G. J. Anderson, X.-J. Liang, C. Chen, Y. Zhao, and G. Nie, “Controlling assembly of paired gold clusters within apoferritin nanoreactor for in vivo kidney targeting and biomedical imaging,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(22), 8617–8624 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, Y. Shen, D. Sun, H. Zhang, D. Tian, J. Zhang, and J.-J. Zhu, “Fabrication of a dispersible graphene/gold nanoclusters hybrid and its potential application in electrogenerated chemiluminescence,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(42), 11733–11735 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-M. Fang, J. Song, J. Li, Y.-W. Wang, H.-H. Yang, J.-J. Sun, and G.-N. Chen, “Electrogenerated chemiluminescence from Au nanoclusters,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(8), 2369–2371 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Deng, Z. Zhou, J. Li, T. Li, and S. Dong, “Fluorescent silver nanoclusters in hybridized DNA duplexes for the turn-on detection of Hg2+ ions,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(39), 11065–11067 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Guo, J. Yuan, and E. Wang, “Strand exchange reaction modulated fluorescence “off-on” switching of hybridized DNA duplex stabilized silver nanoclusters,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(39), 10930–10932 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Sharma, H.-C. Yeh, H. Yoo, J. H. Werner, and J. S. Martinez, “Silver nanocluster aptamers: in situ generation of intrinsically fluorescent recognition ligands for protein detection,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(8), 2294–2296 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Sun, Y. Wang, Y. Wei, R. Liu, H. Zhu, Y. Cui, Y. Zhao, and X. Gao, “Ag cluster-aptamer hybrid: specifically marking the nucleus of live cells,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(43), 11960–11962 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2010 (11)

G.-Y. Lan, C.-C. Huang, and H.-T. Chang, “Silver nanoclusters as fluorescent probes for selective and sensitive detection of copper ions,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(8), 1257–1259 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Santiago González, M. J. Rodríguez, C. Blanco, J. Rivas, M. A. López-Quintela, and J. M. G. Martinho, “One step synthesis of the smallest photoluminescent and paramagnetic PVP-protected gold atomic clusters,” Nano Lett.10(10), 4217–4221 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Guo, J. Yuan, Q. Dong, and E. Wang, “Highly sequence-dependent formation of fluorescent silver nanoclusters in hybridized DNA duplexes for single nucleotide mutation identification,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.132(3), 932–934 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Udaya Bhaskara Rao and T. Pradeep, “Luminescent Ag7 and Ag8 clusters by interfacial synthesis,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.49(23), 3925–3929 (2010).
[CrossRef]

H. Xu and K. S. Suslick, “Water-soluble fluorescent silver nanoclusters,” Adv. Mater.22(10), 1078–1082 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Xie, Y. Zheng, and J. Y. Ying, “Highly selective and ultrasensitive detection of Hg2+ based on fluorescence quenching of Au nanoclusters by Hg2+-Au+ interactions,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(6), 961–963 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Kawasaki, H. Yamamoto, H. Fujimori, R. Arakawa, Y. Iwasaki, and M. Inada, “Stability of the DMF-protected Au nanoclusters: photochemical, dispersion, and thermal properties,” Langmuir26(8), 5926–5933 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Shishino, T. Yonezawa, K. Kawai, and H. Nishihara, “Molten matrix sputtering synthesis of water-soluble luminescent Au nanoparticles with a large Stokes shift,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(38), 7211–7213 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Kawasaki, H. Yamamoto, H. Fujimori, R. Arakawa, M. Inada, and Y. Iwasaki, “Surfactant-free solution synthesis of fluorescent platinum subnanoclusters,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(21), 3759–3761 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Gu, P. Sanders, and H. J. Ploehn, “Quantitative analysis of Pt-PAMAM ligand exchange reactions: time and concentration effects,” Colloids Surf. A Physicochem. Eng. Asp.356(1-3), 10–15 (2010).
[CrossRef]

T. Jin, D. K. Tiwari, S.-I. Tanaka, Y. Inouye, K. Yoshizawa, and T. M. Watanabe, “Antibody-protein A conjugated quantum dots for multiplexed imaging of surface receptors in living cells,” Mol. Biosyst.6(11), 2325–2331 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2009 (6)

J. Xie, Y. Zheng, and J. Y. Ying, “Protein-directed synthesis of highly fluorescent gold nanoclusters,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.131(3), 888–889 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-C. Shiang, C.-C. Huang, and H.-T. Chang, “Gold nanodot-based luminescent sensor for the detection of hydrogen peroxide and glucose,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (23): 3437–3439 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-A. J. Lin, C.-H. Lee, J.-T. Hsieh, H.-H. Wang, J. K. Li, J.-L. Shen, W.-H. Chan, H.-I. Yeh, and W. H. Chang, “Synthesis of fluorescent metallic nanoclusters toward biomedical application: recent progress and present challenges,” J. Med. Biol. Eng.29(6), 276–283 (2009).

Z. Wu, E. Lanni, W. Chen, M. E. Bier, D. Ly, and R. Jin, “High yield, large scale synthesis of thiolate-protected Ag7 clusters,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.131(46), 16672–16674 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Díez, M. Pusa, S. Kulmala, H. Jiang, A. Walther, A. S. Goldmann, A. H. E. Müller, O. Ikkala, and R. H. A. Ras, “Color tunability and electrochemiluminescence of silver nanoclusters,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.48(12), 2122–2125 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Yu, S. Choi, and R. M. Dickson, “Shuttle-based fluorogenic silver-cluster biolabels,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.48(2), 318–320 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (3)

C. I. Richards, S. Choi, J.-C. Hsiang, Y. Antoku, T. Vosch, A. Bongiorno, Y.-L. Tzeng, and R. M. Dickson, “Oligonucleotide-stabilized Ag nanocluster fluorophores,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(15), 5038–5039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-Y. Lin, N.-T. Chen, S.-P. Sum, L.-W. Lo, and C.-S. Yang, “Ligand exchanged photoluminescent gold quantum dots functionalized with leading peptides for nuclear targeting and intracellular imaging,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (39): 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. R. Knecht, M. G. Weir, V. S. Myers, W. D. Pyrz, H. Ye, V. Petkov, D. J. Buttrey, A. I. Frenkel, and R. M. Crooks, “Synthesis and characterization of Pt dendrimer-encapsulated nanoparticle: effect of the template on nanoparticle formation,” Chem. Mater.20(16), 5218–5228 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (5)

Z. De Liu, S. F. Chen, C. Z. Huang, S. J. Zhen, and Q. G. Liao, “Light scattering sensing detection of pathogens based on the molecular recognition of immunoglobulin with cell wall-associated protein A,” Anal. Chim. Acta599(2), 279–286 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Bao, C. Zhong, D. M. Vu, J. P. Temirov, R. B. Dyer, and J. S. Martinez, “Nanoparticle-free synthesis of fluorescent gold nanoclusters at physiological temperature,” J. Phys. Chem. C111(33), 12194–12198 (2007).
[CrossRef]

H. Duan and S. Nie, “Etching colloidal gold nanocrystals with hyperbranched and multivalent polymers: a new route to fluorescent and water-soluble atomic clusters,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.129(9), 2412–2413 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zheng, P. R. Nicovich, and R. M. Dickson, “Highly fluorescent noble-metal quantum dots,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem.58(1), 409–431 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Yu, S. A. Patel, and R. M. Dickson, “In vitro and intracellular production of peptide-encapsulated fluorescent silver nanoclusters,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.46(12), 2028–2030 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

J. Zheng, C. Zhang, and R. M. Dickson, “Highly fluorescent, water-soluble, size-tunable gold quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(7), 077402 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. I. Lee, Y. Bae, and A. J. Bard, “Strong blue photoluminescence and ECL from OH-terminated PAMAM dendrimers in the absence of gold nanoparticles,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.126(27), 8358–8359 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

J. Zheng, J. T. Petty, and R. M. Dickson, “High quantum yield blue emission from water-soluble Au8 nanodots,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.125(26), 7780–7781 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

A. Müller, B. Homey, H. Soto, N. Ge, D. Catron, M. E. Buchanan, T. McClanahan, E. Murphy, W. Yuan, S. N. Wagner, J. L. Barrera, A. Mohar, E. Verástegui, and A. Zlotnik, “Involvement of chemokine receptors in breast cancer metastasis,” Nature410(6824), 50–56 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

C. H. Gammons, “Experimental investigations of the hydrothermal geochemistry of platinum and palladium: V. equilibria between platinum metal, Pt(II), and Pt(IV) chloride complexes at 25 to 300 °C,” Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta60(10), 1683–1694 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Amatore, C.

C. Wang, J. Li, C. Amatore, Y. Chen, H. Jiang, and X.-M. Wang, “Gold nanoclusters and graphene nanocomposites for drug delivery and imaging of cancer cells,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.50(49), 11644–11648 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anderson, G. J.

C. Sun, H. Yang, Y. Yuan, X. Tian, L. Wang, Y. Guo, L. Xu, J. Lei, N. Gao, G. J. Anderson, X.-J. Liang, C. Chen, Y. Zhao, and G. Nie, “Controlling assembly of paired gold clusters within apoferritin nanoreactor for in vivo kidney targeting and biomedical imaging,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(22), 8617–8624 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Antoku, Y.

C. I. Richards, S. Choi, J.-C. Hsiang, Y. Antoku, T. Vosch, A. Bongiorno, Y.-L. Tzeng, and R. M. Dickson, “Oligonucleotide-stabilized Ag nanocluster fluorophores,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(15), 5038–5039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arakawa, R.

H. Kawasaki, Y. Kosaka, Y. Myoujin, T. Narushima, T. Yonezawa, and R. Arakawa, “Microwave-assisted polyol synthesis of copper nanocrystals without using additional protective agents,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(27), 7740–7742 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Kawasaki, H. Yamamoto, H. Fujimori, R. Arakawa, M. Inada, and Y. Iwasaki, “Surfactant-free solution synthesis of fluorescent platinum subnanoclusters,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(21), 3759–3761 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Kawasaki, H. Yamamoto, H. Fujimori, R. Arakawa, Y. Iwasaki, and M. Inada, “Stability of the DMF-protected Au nanoclusters: photochemical, dispersion, and thermal properties,” Langmuir26(8), 5926–5933 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bae, Y.

W. I. Lee, Y. Bae, and A. J. Bard, “Strong blue photoluminescence and ECL from OH-terminated PAMAM dendrimers in the absence of gold nanoparticles,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.126(27), 8358–8359 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bao, Y.

Y. Bao, C. Zhong, D. M. Vu, J. P. Temirov, R. B. Dyer, and J. S. Martinez, “Nanoparticle-free synthesis of fluorescent gold nanoclusters at physiological temperature,” J. Phys. Chem. C111(33), 12194–12198 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Bard, A. J.

W. I. Lee, Y. Bae, and A. J. Bard, “Strong blue photoluminescence and ECL from OH-terminated PAMAM dendrimers in the absence of gold nanoparticles,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.126(27), 8358–8359 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barrera, J. L.

A. Müller, B. Homey, H. Soto, N. Ge, D. Catron, M. E. Buchanan, T. McClanahan, E. Murphy, W. Yuan, S. N. Wagner, J. L. Barrera, A. Mohar, E. Verástegui, and A. Zlotnik, “Involvement of chemokine receptors in breast cancer metastasis,” Nature410(6824), 50–56 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bier, M. E.

Z. Wu, E. Lanni, W. Chen, M. E. Bier, D. Ly, and R. Jin, “High yield, large scale synthesis of thiolate-protected Ag7 clusters,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.131(46), 16672–16674 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Blanco, C.

B. Santiago González, M. J. Rodríguez, C. Blanco, J. Rivas, M. A. López-Quintela, and J. M. G. Martinho, “One step synthesis of the smallest photoluminescent and paramagnetic PVP-protected gold atomic clusters,” Nano Lett.10(10), 4217–4221 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bongiorno, A.

C. I. Richards, S. Choi, J.-C. Hsiang, Y. Antoku, T. Vosch, A. Bongiorno, Y.-L. Tzeng, and R. M. Dickson, “Oligonucleotide-stabilized Ag nanocluster fluorophores,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(15), 5038–5039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Buchanan, M. E.

A. Müller, B. Homey, H. Soto, N. Ge, D. Catron, M. E. Buchanan, T. McClanahan, E. Murphy, W. Yuan, S. N. Wagner, J. L. Barrera, A. Mohar, E. Verástegui, and A. Zlotnik, “Involvement of chemokine receptors in breast cancer metastasis,” Nature410(6824), 50–56 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Burda, C.

H. Liu, X. Zhang, X. Wu, L. Jiang, C. Burda, and J.-J. Zhu, “Rapid sonochemical synthesis of highly luminescent non-toxic AuNCs and Au@AgNCs and Cu (II) sensing,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(14), 4237–4239 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Buttrey, D. J.

M. R. Knecht, M. G. Weir, V. S. Myers, W. D. Pyrz, H. Ye, V. Petkov, D. J. Buttrey, A. I. Frenkel, and R. M. Crooks, “Synthesis and characterization of Pt dendrimer-encapsulated nanoparticle: effect of the template on nanoparticle formation,” Chem. Mater.20(16), 5218–5228 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Catron, D.

A. Müller, B. Homey, H. Soto, N. Ge, D. Catron, M. E. Buchanan, T. McClanahan, E. Murphy, W. Yuan, S. N. Wagner, J. L. Barrera, A. Mohar, E. Verástegui, and A. Zlotnik, “Involvement of chemokine receptors in breast cancer metastasis,” Nature410(6824), 50–56 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chan, W.-H.

C.-A. J. Lin, C.-H. Lee, J.-T. Hsieh, H.-H. Wang, J. K. Li, J.-L. Shen, W.-H. Chan, H.-I. Yeh, and W. H. Chang, “Synthesis of fluorescent metallic nanoclusters toward biomedical application: recent progress and present challenges,” J. Med. Biol. Eng.29(6), 276–283 (2009).

Chang, H.-T.

G.-Y. Lan, C.-C. Huang, and H.-T. Chang, “Silver nanoclusters as fluorescent probes for selective and sensitive detection of copper ions,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(8), 1257–1259 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-C. Shiang, C.-C. Huang, and H.-T. Chang, “Gold nanodot-based luminescent sensor for the detection of hydrogen peroxide and glucose,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (23): 3437–3439 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, H.-W.

C.-L. Liu, H.-T. Wu, Y.-H. Hsiao, C.-W. Lai, C.-W. Shih, Y.-K. Peng, K.-C. Tang, H.-W. Chang, Y.-C. Chien, J.-K. Hsiao, J.-T. Cheng, and P.-T. Chou, “Insulin-directed synthesis of fluorescent gold nanoclusters: preservation of insulin bioactivity and versatility in cell imaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.50(31), 7056–7060 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chang, W. H.

C.-A. J. Lin, C.-H. Lee, J.-T. Hsieh, H.-H. Wang, J. K. Li, J.-L. Shen, W.-H. Chan, H.-I. Yeh, and W. H. Chang, “Synthesis of fluorescent metallic nanoclusters toward biomedical application: recent progress and present challenges,” J. Med. Biol. Eng.29(6), 276–283 (2009).

Chen, C.

C. Sun, H. Yang, Y. Yuan, X. Tian, L. Wang, Y. Guo, L. Xu, J. Lei, N. Gao, G. J. Anderson, X.-J. Liang, C. Chen, Y. Zhao, and G. Nie, “Controlling assembly of paired gold clusters within apoferritin nanoreactor for in vivo kidney targeting and biomedical imaging,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(22), 8617–8624 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, G.-N.

Y.-M. Fang, J. Song, J. Li, Y.-W. Wang, H.-H. Yang, J.-J. Sun, and G.-N. Chen, “Electrogenerated chemiluminescence from Au nanoclusters,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(8), 2369–2371 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, N.-T.

S.-Y. Lin, N.-T. Chen, S.-P. Sum, L.-W. Lo, and C.-S. Yang, “Ligand exchanged photoluminescent gold quantum dots functionalized with leading peptides for nuclear targeting and intracellular imaging,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (39): 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, S.

W. Wei, Y. Lu, W. Chen, and S. Chen, “One-pot synthesis, photoluminescence, and electrocatalytic properties of subnanometer-sized copper clusters,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(7), 2060–2063 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, S. F.

Z. De Liu, S. F. Chen, C. Z. Huang, S. J. Zhen, and Q. G. Liao, “Light scattering sensing detection of pathogens based on the molecular recognition of immunoglobulin with cell wall-associated protein A,” Anal. Chim. Acta599(2), 279–286 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, W.

W. Wei, Y. Lu, W. Chen, and S. Chen, “One-pot synthesis, photoluminescence, and electrocatalytic properties of subnanometer-sized copper clusters,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(7), 2060–2063 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Wu, E. Lanni, W. Chen, M. E. Bier, D. Ly, and R. Jin, “High yield, large scale synthesis of thiolate-protected Ag7 clusters,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.131(46), 16672–16674 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Y.

Y. Chen, Y. Shen, D. Sun, H. Zhang, D. Tian, J. Zhang, and J.-J. Zhu, “Fabrication of a dispersible graphene/gold nanoclusters hybrid and its potential application in electrogenerated chemiluminescence,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(42), 11733–11735 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Wang, J. Li, C. Amatore, Y. Chen, H. Jiang, and X.-M. Wang, “Gold nanoclusters and graphene nanocomposites for drug delivery and imaging of cancer cells,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.50(49), 11644–11648 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cheng, J.-T.

C.-L. Liu, H.-T. Wu, Y.-H. Hsiao, C.-W. Lai, C.-W. Shih, Y.-K. Peng, K.-C. Tang, H.-W. Chang, Y.-C. Chien, J.-K. Hsiao, J.-T. Cheng, and P.-T. Chou, “Insulin-directed synthesis of fluorescent gold nanoclusters: preservation of insulin bioactivity and versatility in cell imaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.50(31), 7056–7060 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chien, Y.-C.

C.-L. Liu, H.-T. Wu, Y.-H. Hsiao, C.-W. Lai, C.-W. Shih, Y.-K. Peng, K.-C. Tang, H.-W. Chang, Y.-C. Chien, J.-K. Hsiao, J.-T. Cheng, and P.-T. Chou, “Insulin-directed synthesis of fluorescent gold nanoclusters: preservation of insulin bioactivity and versatility in cell imaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.50(31), 7056–7060 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Choi, S.

J. Yu, S. Choi, and R. M. Dickson, “Shuttle-based fluorogenic silver-cluster biolabels,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.48(2), 318–320 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. I. Richards, S. Choi, J.-C. Hsiang, Y. Antoku, T. Vosch, A. Bongiorno, Y.-L. Tzeng, and R. M. Dickson, “Oligonucleotide-stabilized Ag nanocluster fluorophores,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(15), 5038–5039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chou, P.-T.

C.-L. Liu, H.-T. Wu, Y.-H. Hsiao, C.-W. Lai, C.-W. Shih, Y.-K. Peng, K.-C. Tang, H.-W. Chang, Y.-C. Chien, J.-K. Hsiao, J.-T. Cheng, and P.-T. Chou, “Insulin-directed synthesis of fluorescent gold nanoclusters: preservation of insulin bioactivity and versatility in cell imaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.50(31), 7056–7060 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Crooks, R. M.

M. R. Knecht, M. G. Weir, V. S. Myers, W. D. Pyrz, H. Ye, V. Petkov, D. J. Buttrey, A. I. Frenkel, and R. M. Crooks, “Synthesis and characterization of Pt dendrimer-encapsulated nanoparticle: effect of the template on nanoparticle formation,” Chem. Mater.20(16), 5218–5228 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Cui, Y.

Z. Sun, Y. Wang, Y. Wei, R. Liu, H. Zhu, Y. Cui, Y. Zhao, and X. Gao, “Ag cluster-aptamer hybrid: specifically marking the nucleus of live cells,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(43), 11960–11962 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Liu, Z.

Z. De Liu, S. F. Chen, C. Z. Huang, S. J. Zhen, and Q. G. Liao, “Light scattering sensing detection of pathogens based on the molecular recognition of immunoglobulin with cell wall-associated protein A,” Anal. Chim. Acta599(2), 279–286 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Deng, L.

L. Deng, Z. Zhou, J. Li, T. Li, and S. Dong, “Fluorescent silver nanoclusters in hybridized DNA duplexes for the turn-on detection of Hg2+ ions,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(39), 11065–11067 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dickson, R. M.

J. Yu, S. Choi, and R. M. Dickson, “Shuttle-based fluorogenic silver-cluster biolabels,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.48(2), 318–320 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. I. Richards, S. Choi, J.-C. Hsiang, Y. Antoku, T. Vosch, A. Bongiorno, Y.-L. Tzeng, and R. M. Dickson, “Oligonucleotide-stabilized Ag nanocluster fluorophores,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(15), 5038–5039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zheng, P. R. Nicovich, and R. M. Dickson, “Highly fluorescent noble-metal quantum dots,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem.58(1), 409–431 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Yu, S. A. Patel, and R. M. Dickson, “In vitro and intracellular production of peptide-encapsulated fluorescent silver nanoclusters,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.46(12), 2028–2030 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zheng, C. Zhang, and R. M. Dickson, “Highly fluorescent, water-soluble, size-tunable gold quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(7), 077402 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zheng, J. T. Petty, and R. M. Dickson, “High quantum yield blue emission from water-soluble Au8 nanodots,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.125(26), 7780–7781 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Díez, I.

I. Díez, M. Pusa, S. Kulmala, H. Jiang, A. Walther, A. S. Goldmann, A. H. E. Müller, O. Ikkala, and R. H. A. Ras, “Color tunability and electrochemiluminescence of silver nanoclusters,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.48(12), 2122–2125 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, Q.

W. Guo, J. Yuan, Q. Dong, and E. Wang, “Highly sequence-dependent formation of fluorescent silver nanoclusters in hybridized DNA duplexes for single nucleotide mutation identification,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.132(3), 932–934 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dong, S.

L. Shang, S. Dong, and G. U. Nienhaus, “Ultra-small fluorescent metal nanoclusters: synthesis and biological applications,” Nano Today6(4), 401–418 (2011).
[CrossRef]

L. Deng, Z. Zhou, J. Li, T. Li, and S. Dong, “Fluorescent silver nanoclusters in hybridized DNA duplexes for the turn-on detection of Hg2+ ions,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(39), 11065–11067 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duan, H.

H. Duan and S. Nie, “Etching colloidal gold nanocrystals with hyperbranched and multivalent polymers: a new route to fluorescent and water-soluble atomic clusters,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.129(9), 2412–2413 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dyer, R. B.

Y. Bao, C. Zhong, D. M. Vu, J. P. Temirov, R. B. Dyer, and J. S. Martinez, “Nanoparticle-free synthesis of fluorescent gold nanoclusters at physiological temperature,” J. Phys. Chem. C111(33), 12194–12198 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Fang, Y.-M.

Y.-M. Fang, J. Song, J. Li, Y.-W. Wang, H.-H. Yang, J.-J. Sun, and G.-N. Chen, “Electrogenerated chemiluminescence from Au nanoclusters,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(8), 2369–2371 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Frenkel, A. I.

M. R. Knecht, M. G. Weir, V. S. Myers, W. D. Pyrz, H. Ye, V. Petkov, D. J. Buttrey, A. I. Frenkel, and R. M. Crooks, “Synthesis and characterization of Pt dendrimer-encapsulated nanoparticle: effect of the template on nanoparticle formation,” Chem. Mater.20(16), 5218–5228 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Fujimori, H.

H. Kawasaki, H. Yamamoto, H. Fujimori, R. Arakawa, M. Inada, and Y. Iwasaki, “Surfactant-free solution synthesis of fluorescent platinum subnanoclusters,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(21), 3759–3761 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Kawasaki, H. Yamamoto, H. Fujimori, R. Arakawa, Y. Iwasaki, and M. Inada, “Stability of the DMF-protected Au nanoclusters: photochemical, dispersion, and thermal properties,” Langmuir26(8), 5926–5933 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gammons, C. H.

C. H. Gammons, “Experimental investigations of the hydrothermal geochemistry of platinum and palladium: V. equilibria between platinum metal, Pt(II), and Pt(IV) chloride complexes at 25 to 300 °C,” Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta60(10), 1683–1694 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gao, N.

C. Sun, H. Yang, Y. Yuan, X. Tian, L. Wang, Y. Guo, L. Xu, J. Lei, N. Gao, G. J. Anderson, X.-J. Liang, C. Chen, Y. Zhao, and G. Nie, “Controlling assembly of paired gold clusters within apoferritin nanoreactor for in vivo kidney targeting and biomedical imaging,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(22), 8617–8624 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gao, X.

Z. Sun, Y. Wang, Y. Wei, R. Liu, H. Zhu, Y. Cui, Y. Zhao, and X. Gao, “Ag cluster-aptamer hybrid: specifically marking the nucleus of live cells,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(43), 11960–11962 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ge, N.

A. Müller, B. Homey, H. Soto, N. Ge, D. Catron, M. E. Buchanan, T. McClanahan, E. Murphy, W. Yuan, S. N. Wagner, J. L. Barrera, A. Mohar, E. Verástegui, and A. Zlotnik, “Involvement of chemokine receptors in breast cancer metastasis,” Nature410(6824), 50–56 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goldmann, A. S.

I. Díez, M. Pusa, S. Kulmala, H. Jiang, A. Walther, A. S. Goldmann, A. H. E. Müller, O. Ikkala, and R. H. A. Ras, “Color tunability and electrochemiluminescence of silver nanoclusters,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.48(12), 2122–2125 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gu, Y.

Y. Gu, P. Sanders, and H. J. Ploehn, “Quantitative analysis of Pt-PAMAM ligand exchange reactions: time and concentration effects,” Colloids Surf. A Physicochem. Eng. Asp.356(1-3), 10–15 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Guo, W.

W. Guo, J. Yuan, and E. Wang, “Strand exchange reaction modulated fluorescence “off-on” switching of hybridized DNA duplex stabilized silver nanoclusters,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(39), 10930–10932 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Guo, J. Yuan, Q. Dong, and E. Wang, “Highly sequence-dependent formation of fluorescent silver nanoclusters in hybridized DNA duplexes for single nucleotide mutation identification,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.132(3), 932–934 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Guo, Y.

C. Sun, H. Yang, Y. Yuan, X. Tian, L. Wang, Y. Guo, L. Xu, J. Lei, N. Gao, G. J. Anderson, X.-J. Liang, C. Chen, Y. Zhao, and G. Nie, “Controlling assembly of paired gold clusters within apoferritin nanoreactor for in vivo kidney targeting and biomedical imaging,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(22), 8617–8624 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

He, Y.

Z. Yuan, M. Peng, Y. He, and E. S. Yeung, “Functionalized fluorescent gold nanodots: synthesis and application for Pb2+ sensing,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(43), 11981–11983 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Homey, B.

A. Müller, B. Homey, H. Soto, N. Ge, D. Catron, M. E. Buchanan, T. McClanahan, E. Murphy, W. Yuan, S. N. Wagner, J. L. Barrera, A. Mohar, E. Verástegui, and A. Zlotnik, “Involvement of chemokine receptors in breast cancer metastasis,” Nature410(6824), 50–56 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hötzer, B.

X. Le Guével, B. Hötzer, G. Jung, and M. Schneider, “NIR-emitting fluorescent gold nanoclusters doped in silica nanoparticles,” J. Mater. Chem.21(9), 2974–2981 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Hsiang, J.-C.

C. I. Richards, S. Choi, J.-C. Hsiang, Y. Antoku, T. Vosch, A. Bongiorno, Y.-L. Tzeng, and R. M. Dickson, “Oligonucleotide-stabilized Ag nanocluster fluorophores,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(15), 5038–5039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hsiao, J.-K.

C.-L. Liu, H.-T. Wu, Y.-H. Hsiao, C.-W. Lai, C.-W. Shih, Y.-K. Peng, K.-C. Tang, H.-W. Chang, Y.-C. Chien, J.-K. Hsiao, J.-T. Cheng, and P.-T. Chou, “Insulin-directed synthesis of fluorescent gold nanoclusters: preservation of insulin bioactivity and versatility in cell imaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.50(31), 7056–7060 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hsiao, Y.-H.

C.-L. Liu, H.-T. Wu, Y.-H. Hsiao, C.-W. Lai, C.-W. Shih, Y.-K. Peng, K.-C. Tang, H.-W. Chang, Y.-C. Chien, J.-K. Hsiao, J.-T. Cheng, and P.-T. Chou, “Insulin-directed synthesis of fluorescent gold nanoclusters: preservation of insulin bioactivity and versatility in cell imaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.50(31), 7056–7060 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hsieh, J.-T.

C.-A. J. Lin, C.-H. Lee, J.-T. Hsieh, H.-H. Wang, J. K. Li, J.-L. Shen, W.-H. Chan, H.-I. Yeh, and W. H. Chang, “Synthesis of fluorescent metallic nanoclusters toward biomedical application: recent progress and present challenges,” J. Med. Biol. Eng.29(6), 276–283 (2009).

Huang, C. Z.

Z. De Liu, S. F. Chen, C. Z. Huang, S. J. Zhen, and Q. G. Liao, “Light scattering sensing detection of pathogens based on the molecular recognition of immunoglobulin with cell wall-associated protein A,” Anal. Chim. Acta599(2), 279–286 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huang, C.-C.

G.-Y. Lan, C.-C. Huang, and H.-T. Chang, “Silver nanoclusters as fluorescent probes for selective and sensitive detection of copper ions,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(8), 1257–1259 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-C. Shiang, C.-C. Huang, and H.-T. Chang, “Gold nanodot-based luminescent sensor for the detection of hydrogen peroxide and glucose,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (23): 3437–3439 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hyotanishi, M.

M. Hyotanishi, Y. Isomura, H. Yamamoto, H. Kawasaki, and Y. Obora, “Surfactant-free synthesis of palladium nanoclusters for their use in catalytic cross-coupling reactions,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(20), 5750–5752 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ikkala, O.

I. Díez, M. Pusa, S. Kulmala, H. Jiang, A. Walther, A. S. Goldmann, A. H. E. Müller, O. Ikkala, and R. H. A. Ras, “Color tunability and electrochemiluminescence of silver nanoclusters,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.48(12), 2122–2125 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Inada, M.

H. Kawasaki, H. Yamamoto, H. Fujimori, R. Arakawa, Y. Iwasaki, and M. Inada, “Stability of the DMF-protected Au nanoclusters: photochemical, dispersion, and thermal properties,” Langmuir26(8), 5926–5933 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Kawasaki, H. Yamamoto, H. Fujimori, R. Arakawa, M. Inada, and Y. Iwasaki, “Surfactant-free solution synthesis of fluorescent platinum subnanoclusters,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(21), 3759–3761 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Inouye, Y.

S.-I. Tanaka, J. Miyazaki, D. K. Tiwari, T. Jin, and Y. Inouye, “Fluorescent platinum nanoclusters: synthesis, purification, characterization, and application to bioimaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.50(2), 431–435 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Jin, D. K. Tiwari, S.-I. Tanaka, Y. Inouye, K. Yoshizawa, and T. M. Watanabe, “Antibody-protein A conjugated quantum dots for multiplexed imaging of surface receptors in living cells,” Mol. Biosyst.6(11), 2325–2331 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Isomura, Y.

M. Hyotanishi, Y. Isomura, H. Yamamoto, H. Kawasaki, and Y. Obora, “Surfactant-free synthesis of palladium nanoclusters for their use in catalytic cross-coupling reactions,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(20), 5750–5752 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Iwasaki, Y.

H. Kawasaki, H. Yamamoto, H. Fujimori, R. Arakawa, M. Inada, and Y. Iwasaki, “Surfactant-free solution synthesis of fluorescent platinum subnanoclusters,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(21), 3759–3761 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Kawasaki, H. Yamamoto, H. Fujimori, R. Arakawa, Y. Iwasaki, and M. Inada, “Stability of the DMF-protected Au nanoclusters: photochemical, dispersion, and thermal properties,” Langmuir26(8), 5926–5933 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, H.

C. Wang, J. Li, C. Amatore, Y. Chen, H. Jiang, and X.-M. Wang, “Gold nanoclusters and graphene nanocomposites for drug delivery and imaging of cancer cells,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.50(49), 11644–11648 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Díez, M. Pusa, S. Kulmala, H. Jiang, A. Walther, A. S. Goldmann, A. H. E. Müller, O. Ikkala, and R. H. A. Ras, “Color tunability and electrochemiluminescence of silver nanoclusters,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.48(12), 2122–2125 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, L.

H. Liu, X. Zhang, X. Wu, L. Jiang, C. Burda, and J.-J. Zhu, “Rapid sonochemical synthesis of highly luminescent non-toxic AuNCs and Au@AgNCs and Cu (II) sensing,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(14), 4237–4239 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jin, R.

Z. Wu, E. Lanni, W. Chen, M. E. Bier, D. Ly, and R. Jin, “High yield, large scale synthesis of thiolate-protected Ag7 clusters,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.131(46), 16672–16674 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jin, T.

S.-I. Tanaka, J. Miyazaki, D. K. Tiwari, T. Jin, and Y. Inouye, “Fluorescent platinum nanoclusters: synthesis, purification, characterization, and application to bioimaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.50(2), 431–435 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Jin, D. K. Tiwari, S.-I. Tanaka, Y. Inouye, K. Yoshizawa, and T. M. Watanabe, “Antibody-protein A conjugated quantum dots for multiplexed imaging of surface receptors in living cells,” Mol. Biosyst.6(11), 2325–2331 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jung, G.

X. Le Guével, V. Trouillet, C. Spies, G. Jung, and M. Schneider, “Synthesis of yellow-emitting platinum nanoclusters by ligand etching,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(10), 6047–6051 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Le Guével, B. Hötzer, G. Jung, and M. Schneider, “NIR-emitting fluorescent gold nanoclusters doped in silica nanoparticles,” J. Mater. Chem.21(9), 2974–2981 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kawai, K.

Y. Shishino, T. Yonezawa, K. Kawai, and H. Nishihara, “Molten matrix sputtering synthesis of water-soluble luminescent Au nanoparticles with a large Stokes shift,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(38), 7211–7213 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kawasaki, H.

H. Kawasaki, Y. Kosaka, Y. Myoujin, T. Narushima, T. Yonezawa, and R. Arakawa, “Microwave-assisted polyol synthesis of copper nanocrystals without using additional protective agents,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(27), 7740–7742 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hyotanishi, Y. Isomura, H. Yamamoto, H. Kawasaki, and Y. Obora, “Surfactant-free synthesis of palladium nanoclusters for their use in catalytic cross-coupling reactions,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(20), 5750–5752 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Kawasaki, H. Yamamoto, H. Fujimori, R. Arakawa, M. Inada, and Y. Iwasaki, “Surfactant-free solution synthesis of fluorescent platinum subnanoclusters,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(21), 3759–3761 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Kawasaki, H. Yamamoto, H. Fujimori, R. Arakawa, Y. Iwasaki, and M. Inada, “Stability of the DMF-protected Au nanoclusters: photochemical, dispersion, and thermal properties,” Langmuir26(8), 5926–5933 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knecht, M. R.

M. R. Knecht, M. G. Weir, V. S. Myers, W. D. Pyrz, H. Ye, V. Petkov, D. J. Buttrey, A. I. Frenkel, and R. M. Crooks, “Synthesis and characterization of Pt dendrimer-encapsulated nanoparticle: effect of the template on nanoparticle formation,” Chem. Mater.20(16), 5218–5228 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Kosaka, Y.

H. Kawasaki, Y. Kosaka, Y. Myoujin, T. Narushima, T. Yonezawa, and R. Arakawa, “Microwave-assisted polyol synthesis of copper nanocrystals without using additional protective agents,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(27), 7740–7742 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kulmala, S.

I. Díez, M. Pusa, S. Kulmala, H. Jiang, A. Walther, A. S. Goldmann, A. H. E. Müller, O. Ikkala, and R. H. A. Ras, “Color tunability and electrochemiluminescence of silver nanoclusters,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.48(12), 2122–2125 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lai, C.-W.

C.-L. Liu, H.-T. Wu, Y.-H. Hsiao, C.-W. Lai, C.-W. Shih, Y.-K. Peng, K.-C. Tang, H.-W. Chang, Y.-C. Chien, J.-K. Hsiao, J.-T. Cheng, and P.-T. Chou, “Insulin-directed synthesis of fluorescent gold nanoclusters: preservation of insulin bioactivity and versatility in cell imaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.50(31), 7056–7060 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lan, G.-Y.

G.-Y. Lan, C.-C. Huang, and H.-T. Chang, “Silver nanoclusters as fluorescent probes for selective and sensitive detection of copper ions,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(8), 1257–1259 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lanni, E.

Z. Wu, E. Lanni, W. Chen, M. E. Bier, D. Ly, and R. Jin, “High yield, large scale synthesis of thiolate-protected Ag7 clusters,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.131(46), 16672–16674 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Le Guével, X.

X. Le Guével, V. Trouillet, C. Spies, G. Jung, and M. Schneider, “Synthesis of yellow-emitting platinum nanoclusters by ligand etching,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(10), 6047–6051 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Le Guével, B. Hötzer, G. Jung, and M. Schneider, “NIR-emitting fluorescent gold nanoclusters doped in silica nanoparticles,” J. Mater. Chem.21(9), 2974–2981 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C.-H.

C.-A. J. Lin, C.-H. Lee, J.-T. Hsieh, H.-H. Wang, J. K. Li, J.-L. Shen, W.-H. Chan, H.-I. Yeh, and W. H. Chang, “Synthesis of fluorescent metallic nanoclusters toward biomedical application: recent progress and present challenges,” J. Med. Biol. Eng.29(6), 276–283 (2009).

Lee, W. I.

W. I. Lee, Y. Bae, and A. J. Bard, “Strong blue photoluminescence and ECL from OH-terminated PAMAM dendrimers in the absence of gold nanoparticles,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.126(27), 8358–8359 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lei, J.

C. Sun, H. Yang, Y. Yuan, X. Tian, L. Wang, Y. Guo, L. Xu, J. Lei, N. Gao, G. J. Anderson, X.-J. Liang, C. Chen, Y. Zhao, and G. Nie, “Controlling assembly of paired gold clusters within apoferritin nanoreactor for in vivo kidney targeting and biomedical imaging,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(22), 8617–8624 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, J.

C. Wang, J. Li, C. Amatore, Y. Chen, H. Jiang, and X.-M. Wang, “Gold nanoclusters and graphene nanocomposites for drug delivery and imaging of cancer cells,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.50(49), 11644–11648 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-M. Fang, J. Song, J. Li, Y.-W. Wang, H.-H. Yang, J.-J. Sun, and G.-N. Chen, “Electrogenerated chemiluminescence from Au nanoclusters,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(8), 2369–2371 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Deng, Z. Zhou, J. Li, T. Li, and S. Dong, “Fluorescent silver nanoclusters in hybridized DNA duplexes for the turn-on detection of Hg2+ ions,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(39), 11065–11067 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, J. K.

C.-A. J. Lin, C.-H. Lee, J.-T. Hsieh, H.-H. Wang, J. K. Li, J.-L. Shen, W.-H. Chan, H.-I. Yeh, and W. H. Chang, “Synthesis of fluorescent metallic nanoclusters toward biomedical application: recent progress and present challenges,” J. Med. Biol. Eng.29(6), 276–283 (2009).

Li, T.

L. Deng, Z. Zhou, J. Li, T. Li, and S. Dong, “Fluorescent silver nanoclusters in hybridized DNA duplexes for the turn-on detection of Hg2+ ions,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(39), 11065–11067 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liang, X.-J.

C. Sun, H. Yang, Y. Yuan, X. Tian, L. Wang, Y. Guo, L. Xu, J. Lei, N. Gao, G. J. Anderson, X.-J. Liang, C. Chen, Y. Zhao, and G. Nie, “Controlling assembly of paired gold clusters within apoferritin nanoreactor for in vivo kidney targeting and biomedical imaging,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(22), 8617–8624 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liao, Q. G.

Z. De Liu, S. F. Chen, C. Z. Huang, S. J. Zhen, and Q. G. Liao, “Light scattering sensing detection of pathogens based on the molecular recognition of immunoglobulin with cell wall-associated protein A,” Anal. Chim. Acta599(2), 279–286 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, C.-A. J.

C.-A. J. Lin, C.-H. Lee, J.-T. Hsieh, H.-H. Wang, J. K. Li, J.-L. Shen, W.-H. Chan, H.-I. Yeh, and W. H. Chang, “Synthesis of fluorescent metallic nanoclusters toward biomedical application: recent progress and present challenges,” J. Med. Biol. Eng.29(6), 276–283 (2009).

Lin, S.-Y.

S.-Y. Lin, N.-T. Chen, S.-P. Sum, L.-W. Lo, and C.-S. Yang, “Ligand exchanged photoluminescent gold quantum dots functionalized with leading peptides for nuclear targeting and intracellular imaging,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (39): 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, C.-L.

C.-L. Liu, H.-T. Wu, Y.-H. Hsiao, C.-W. Lai, C.-W. Shih, Y.-K. Peng, K.-C. Tang, H.-W. Chang, Y.-C. Chien, J.-K. Hsiao, J.-T. Cheng, and P.-T. Chou, “Insulin-directed synthesis of fluorescent gold nanoclusters: preservation of insulin bioactivity and versatility in cell imaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.50(31), 7056–7060 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, H.

H. Liu, X. Zhang, X. Wu, L. Jiang, C. Burda, and J.-J. Zhu, “Rapid sonochemical synthesis of highly luminescent non-toxic AuNCs and Au@AgNCs and Cu (II) sensing,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(14), 4237–4239 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, R.

Z. Sun, Y. Wang, Y. Wei, R. Liu, H. Zhu, Y. Cui, Y. Zhao, and X. Gao, “Ag cluster-aptamer hybrid: specifically marking the nucleus of live cells,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(43), 11960–11962 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lo, L.-W.

S.-Y. Lin, N.-T. Chen, S.-P. Sum, L.-W. Lo, and C.-S. Yang, “Ligand exchanged photoluminescent gold quantum dots functionalized with leading peptides for nuclear targeting and intracellular imaging,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (39): 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

López-Quintela, M. A.

B. Santiago González, M. J. Rodríguez, C. Blanco, J. Rivas, M. A. López-Quintela, and J. M. G. Martinho, “One step synthesis of the smallest photoluminescent and paramagnetic PVP-protected gold atomic clusters,” Nano Lett.10(10), 4217–4221 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, Y.

W. Wei, Y. Lu, W. Chen, and S. Chen, “One-pot synthesis, photoluminescence, and electrocatalytic properties of subnanometer-sized copper clusters,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(7), 2060–2063 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ly, D.

Z. Wu, E. Lanni, W. Chen, M. E. Bier, D. Ly, and R. Jin, “High yield, large scale synthesis of thiolate-protected Ag7 clusters,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.131(46), 16672–16674 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martinez, J. S.

J. Sharma, H.-C. Yeh, H. Yoo, J. H. Werner, and J. S. Martinez, “Silver nanocluster aptamers: in situ generation of intrinsically fluorescent recognition ligands for protein detection,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(8), 2294–2296 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Bao, C. Zhong, D. M. Vu, J. P. Temirov, R. B. Dyer, and J. S. Martinez, “Nanoparticle-free synthesis of fluorescent gold nanoclusters at physiological temperature,” J. Phys. Chem. C111(33), 12194–12198 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Martinho, J. M. G.

B. Santiago González, M. J. Rodríguez, C. Blanco, J. Rivas, M. A. López-Quintela, and J. M. G. Martinho, “One step synthesis of the smallest photoluminescent and paramagnetic PVP-protected gold atomic clusters,” Nano Lett.10(10), 4217–4221 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McClanahan, T.

A. Müller, B. Homey, H. Soto, N. Ge, D. Catron, M. E. Buchanan, T. McClanahan, E. Murphy, W. Yuan, S. N. Wagner, J. L. Barrera, A. Mohar, E. Verástegui, and A. Zlotnik, “Involvement of chemokine receptors in breast cancer metastasis,” Nature410(6824), 50–56 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miyazaki, J.

S.-I. Tanaka, J. Miyazaki, D. K. Tiwari, T. Jin, and Y. Inouye, “Fluorescent platinum nanoclusters: synthesis, purification, characterization, and application to bioimaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.50(2), 431–435 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mohar, A.

A. Müller, B. Homey, H. Soto, N. Ge, D. Catron, M. E. Buchanan, T. McClanahan, E. Murphy, W. Yuan, S. N. Wagner, J. L. Barrera, A. Mohar, E. Verástegui, and A. Zlotnik, “Involvement of chemokine receptors in breast cancer metastasis,” Nature410(6824), 50–56 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Müller, A.

A. Müller, B. Homey, H. Soto, N. Ge, D. Catron, M. E. Buchanan, T. McClanahan, E. Murphy, W. Yuan, S. N. Wagner, J. L. Barrera, A. Mohar, E. Verástegui, and A. Zlotnik, “Involvement of chemokine receptors in breast cancer metastasis,” Nature410(6824), 50–56 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Müller, A. H. E.

I. Díez, M. Pusa, S. Kulmala, H. Jiang, A. Walther, A. S. Goldmann, A. H. E. Müller, O. Ikkala, and R. H. A. Ras, “Color tunability and electrochemiluminescence of silver nanoclusters,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.48(12), 2122–2125 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Murphy, E.

A. Müller, B. Homey, H. Soto, N. Ge, D. Catron, M. E. Buchanan, T. McClanahan, E. Murphy, W. Yuan, S. N. Wagner, J. L. Barrera, A. Mohar, E. Verástegui, and A. Zlotnik, “Involvement of chemokine receptors in breast cancer metastasis,” Nature410(6824), 50–56 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Myers, V. S.

M. R. Knecht, M. G. Weir, V. S. Myers, W. D. Pyrz, H. Ye, V. Petkov, D. J. Buttrey, A. I. Frenkel, and R. M. Crooks, “Synthesis and characterization of Pt dendrimer-encapsulated nanoparticle: effect of the template on nanoparticle formation,” Chem. Mater.20(16), 5218–5228 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Myoujin, Y.

H. Kawasaki, Y. Kosaka, Y. Myoujin, T. Narushima, T. Yonezawa, and R. Arakawa, “Microwave-assisted polyol synthesis of copper nanocrystals without using additional protective agents,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(27), 7740–7742 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Narushima, T.

H. Kawasaki, Y. Kosaka, Y. Myoujin, T. Narushima, T. Yonezawa, and R. Arakawa, “Microwave-assisted polyol synthesis of copper nanocrystals without using additional protective agents,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(27), 7740–7742 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nicovich, P. R.

J. Zheng, P. R. Nicovich, and R. M. Dickson, “Highly fluorescent noble-metal quantum dots,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem.58(1), 409–431 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nie, G.

C. Sun, H. Yang, Y. Yuan, X. Tian, L. Wang, Y. Guo, L. Xu, J. Lei, N. Gao, G. J. Anderson, X.-J. Liang, C. Chen, Y. Zhao, and G. Nie, “Controlling assembly of paired gold clusters within apoferritin nanoreactor for in vivo kidney targeting and biomedical imaging,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(22), 8617–8624 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nie, S.

H. Duan and S. Nie, “Etching colloidal gold nanocrystals with hyperbranched and multivalent polymers: a new route to fluorescent and water-soluble atomic clusters,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.129(9), 2412–2413 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nienhaus, G. U.

L. Shang, S. Dong, and G. U. Nienhaus, “Ultra-small fluorescent metal nanoclusters: synthesis and biological applications,” Nano Today6(4), 401–418 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nishihara, H.

Y. Shishino, T. Yonezawa, K. Kawai, and H. Nishihara, “Molten matrix sputtering synthesis of water-soluble luminescent Au nanoparticles with a large Stokes shift,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(38), 7211–7213 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Obora, Y.

M. Hyotanishi, Y. Isomura, H. Yamamoto, H. Kawasaki, and Y. Obora, “Surfactant-free synthesis of palladium nanoclusters for their use in catalytic cross-coupling reactions,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(20), 5750–5752 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Patel, S. A.

J. Yu, S. A. Patel, and R. M. Dickson, “In vitro and intracellular production of peptide-encapsulated fluorescent silver nanoclusters,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.46(12), 2028–2030 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peng, M.

Z. Yuan, M. Peng, Y. He, and E. S. Yeung, “Functionalized fluorescent gold nanodots: synthesis and application for Pb2+ sensing,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(43), 11981–11983 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peng, Y.-K.

C.-L. Liu, H.-T. Wu, Y.-H. Hsiao, C.-W. Lai, C.-W. Shih, Y.-K. Peng, K.-C. Tang, H.-W. Chang, Y.-C. Chien, J.-K. Hsiao, J.-T. Cheng, and P.-T. Chou, “Insulin-directed synthesis of fluorescent gold nanoclusters: preservation of insulin bioactivity and versatility in cell imaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.50(31), 7056–7060 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Petkov, V.

M. R. Knecht, M. G. Weir, V. S. Myers, W. D. Pyrz, H. Ye, V. Petkov, D. J. Buttrey, A. I. Frenkel, and R. M. Crooks, “Synthesis and characterization of Pt dendrimer-encapsulated nanoparticle: effect of the template on nanoparticle formation,” Chem. Mater.20(16), 5218–5228 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Petty, J. T.

J. Zheng, J. T. Petty, and R. M. Dickson, “High quantum yield blue emission from water-soluble Au8 nanodots,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.125(26), 7780–7781 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ploehn, H. J.

Y. Gu, P. Sanders, and H. J. Ploehn, “Quantitative analysis of Pt-PAMAM ligand exchange reactions: time and concentration effects,” Colloids Surf. A Physicochem. Eng. Asp.356(1-3), 10–15 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pradeep, T.

T. Udaya Bhaskara Rao and T. Pradeep, “Luminescent Ag7 and Ag8 clusters by interfacial synthesis,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.49(23), 3925–3929 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Pusa, M.

I. Díez, M. Pusa, S. Kulmala, H. Jiang, A. Walther, A. S. Goldmann, A. H. E. Müller, O. Ikkala, and R. H. A. Ras, “Color tunability and electrochemiluminescence of silver nanoclusters,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.48(12), 2122–2125 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pyrz, W. D.

M. R. Knecht, M. G. Weir, V. S. Myers, W. D. Pyrz, H. Ye, V. Petkov, D. J. Buttrey, A. I. Frenkel, and R. M. Crooks, “Synthesis and characterization of Pt dendrimer-encapsulated nanoparticle: effect of the template on nanoparticle formation,” Chem. Mater.20(16), 5218–5228 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ras, R. H. A.

I. Díez, M. Pusa, S. Kulmala, H. Jiang, A. Walther, A. S. Goldmann, A. H. E. Müller, O. Ikkala, and R. H. A. Ras, “Color tunability and electrochemiluminescence of silver nanoclusters,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.48(12), 2122–2125 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Richards, C. I.

C. I. Richards, S. Choi, J.-C. Hsiang, Y. Antoku, T. Vosch, A. Bongiorno, Y.-L. Tzeng, and R. M. Dickson, “Oligonucleotide-stabilized Ag nanocluster fluorophores,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(15), 5038–5039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rivas, J.

B. Santiago González, M. J. Rodríguez, C. Blanco, J. Rivas, M. A. López-Quintela, and J. M. G. Martinho, “One step synthesis of the smallest photoluminescent and paramagnetic PVP-protected gold atomic clusters,” Nano Lett.10(10), 4217–4221 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rodríguez, M. J.

B. Santiago González, M. J. Rodríguez, C. Blanco, J. Rivas, M. A. López-Quintela, and J. M. G. Martinho, “One step synthesis of the smallest photoluminescent and paramagnetic PVP-protected gold atomic clusters,” Nano Lett.10(10), 4217–4221 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sanders, P.

Y. Gu, P. Sanders, and H. J. Ploehn, “Quantitative analysis of Pt-PAMAM ligand exchange reactions: time and concentration effects,” Colloids Surf. A Physicochem. Eng. Asp.356(1-3), 10–15 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Santiago González, B.

B. Santiago González, M. J. Rodríguez, C. Blanco, J. Rivas, M. A. López-Quintela, and J. M. G. Martinho, “One step synthesis of the smallest photoluminescent and paramagnetic PVP-protected gold atomic clusters,” Nano Lett.10(10), 4217–4221 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schneider, M.

X. Le Guével, V. Trouillet, C. Spies, G. Jung, and M. Schneider, “Synthesis of yellow-emitting platinum nanoclusters by ligand etching,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(10), 6047–6051 (2012).
[CrossRef]

X. Le Guével, B. Hötzer, G. Jung, and M. Schneider, “NIR-emitting fluorescent gold nanoclusters doped in silica nanoparticles,” J. Mater. Chem.21(9), 2974–2981 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shang, L.

L. Shang, S. Dong, and G. U. Nienhaus, “Ultra-small fluorescent metal nanoclusters: synthesis and biological applications,” Nano Today6(4), 401–418 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sharma, J.

J. Sharma, H.-C. Yeh, H. Yoo, J. H. Werner, and J. S. Martinez, “Silver nanocluster aptamers: in situ generation of intrinsically fluorescent recognition ligands for protein detection,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(8), 2294–2296 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shen, J.-L.

C.-A. J. Lin, C.-H. Lee, J.-T. Hsieh, H.-H. Wang, J. K. Li, J.-L. Shen, W.-H. Chan, H.-I. Yeh, and W. H. Chang, “Synthesis of fluorescent metallic nanoclusters toward biomedical application: recent progress and present challenges,” J. Med. Biol. Eng.29(6), 276–283 (2009).

Shen, Y.

Y. Chen, Y. Shen, D. Sun, H. Zhang, D. Tian, J. Zhang, and J.-J. Zhu, “Fabrication of a dispersible graphene/gold nanoclusters hybrid and its potential application in electrogenerated chemiluminescence,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(42), 11733–11735 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shiang, Y.-C.

Y.-C. Shiang, C.-C. Huang, and H.-T. Chang, “Gold nanodot-based luminescent sensor for the detection of hydrogen peroxide and glucose,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (23): 3437–3439 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shih, C.-W.

C.-L. Liu, H.-T. Wu, Y.-H. Hsiao, C.-W. Lai, C.-W. Shih, Y.-K. Peng, K.-C. Tang, H.-W. Chang, Y.-C. Chien, J.-K. Hsiao, J.-T. Cheng, and P.-T. Chou, “Insulin-directed synthesis of fluorescent gold nanoclusters: preservation of insulin bioactivity and versatility in cell imaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.50(31), 7056–7060 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shishino, Y.

Y. Shishino, T. Yonezawa, K. Kawai, and H. Nishihara, “Molten matrix sputtering synthesis of water-soluble luminescent Au nanoparticles with a large Stokes shift,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(38), 7211–7213 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Song, J.

Y.-M. Fang, J. Song, J. Li, Y.-W. Wang, H.-H. Yang, J.-J. Sun, and G.-N. Chen, “Electrogenerated chemiluminescence from Au nanoclusters,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(8), 2369–2371 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Soto, H.

A. Müller, B. Homey, H. Soto, N. Ge, D. Catron, M. E. Buchanan, T. McClanahan, E. Murphy, W. Yuan, S. N. Wagner, J. L. Barrera, A. Mohar, E. Verástegui, and A. Zlotnik, “Involvement of chemokine receptors in breast cancer metastasis,” Nature410(6824), 50–56 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spies, C.

X. Le Guével, V. Trouillet, C. Spies, G. Jung, and M. Schneider, “Synthesis of yellow-emitting platinum nanoclusters by ligand etching,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(10), 6047–6051 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Sum, S.-P.

S.-Y. Lin, N.-T. Chen, S.-P. Sum, L.-W. Lo, and C.-S. Yang, “Ligand exchanged photoluminescent gold quantum dots functionalized with leading peptides for nuclear targeting and intracellular imaging,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (39): 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, C.

C. Sun, H. Yang, Y. Yuan, X. Tian, L. Wang, Y. Guo, L. Xu, J. Lei, N. Gao, G. J. Anderson, X.-J. Liang, C. Chen, Y. Zhao, and G. Nie, “Controlling assembly of paired gold clusters within apoferritin nanoreactor for in vivo kidney targeting and biomedical imaging,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(22), 8617–8624 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, D.

Y. Chen, Y. Shen, D. Sun, H. Zhang, D. Tian, J. Zhang, and J.-J. Zhu, “Fabrication of a dispersible graphene/gold nanoclusters hybrid and its potential application in electrogenerated chemiluminescence,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(42), 11733–11735 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, J.-J.

Y.-M. Fang, J. Song, J. Li, Y.-W. Wang, H.-H. Yang, J.-J. Sun, and G.-N. Chen, “Electrogenerated chemiluminescence from Au nanoclusters,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(8), 2369–2371 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sun, Z.

Z. Sun, Y. Wang, Y. Wei, R. Liu, H. Zhu, Y. Cui, Y. Zhao, and X. Gao, “Ag cluster-aptamer hybrid: specifically marking the nucleus of live cells,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(43), 11960–11962 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suslick, K. S.

H. Xu and K. S. Suslick, “Water-soluble fluorescent silver nanoclusters,” Adv. Mater.22(10), 1078–1082 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tanaka, S.-I.

S.-I. Tanaka, J. Miyazaki, D. K. Tiwari, T. Jin, and Y. Inouye, “Fluorescent platinum nanoclusters: synthesis, purification, characterization, and application to bioimaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.50(2), 431–435 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Jin, D. K. Tiwari, S.-I. Tanaka, Y. Inouye, K. Yoshizawa, and T. M. Watanabe, “Antibody-protein A conjugated quantum dots for multiplexed imaging of surface receptors in living cells,” Mol. Biosyst.6(11), 2325–2331 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tang, K.-C.

C.-L. Liu, H.-T. Wu, Y.-H. Hsiao, C.-W. Lai, C.-W. Shih, Y.-K. Peng, K.-C. Tang, H.-W. Chang, Y.-C. Chien, J.-K. Hsiao, J.-T. Cheng, and P.-T. Chou, “Insulin-directed synthesis of fluorescent gold nanoclusters: preservation of insulin bioactivity and versatility in cell imaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.50(31), 7056–7060 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Temirov, J. P.

Y. Bao, C. Zhong, D. M. Vu, J. P. Temirov, R. B. Dyer, and J. S. Martinez, “Nanoparticle-free synthesis of fluorescent gold nanoclusters at physiological temperature,” J. Phys. Chem. C111(33), 12194–12198 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tian, D.

Y. Chen, Y. Shen, D. Sun, H. Zhang, D. Tian, J. Zhang, and J.-J. Zhu, “Fabrication of a dispersible graphene/gold nanoclusters hybrid and its potential application in electrogenerated chemiluminescence,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(42), 11733–11735 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tian, X.

C. Sun, H. Yang, Y. Yuan, X. Tian, L. Wang, Y. Guo, L. Xu, J. Lei, N. Gao, G. J. Anderson, X.-J. Liang, C. Chen, Y. Zhao, and G. Nie, “Controlling assembly of paired gold clusters within apoferritin nanoreactor for in vivo kidney targeting and biomedical imaging,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(22), 8617–8624 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tiwari, D. K.

S.-I. Tanaka, J. Miyazaki, D. K. Tiwari, T. Jin, and Y. Inouye, “Fluorescent platinum nanoclusters: synthesis, purification, characterization, and application to bioimaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.50(2), 431–435 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Jin, D. K. Tiwari, S.-I. Tanaka, Y. Inouye, K. Yoshizawa, and T. M. Watanabe, “Antibody-protein A conjugated quantum dots for multiplexed imaging of surface receptors in living cells,” Mol. Biosyst.6(11), 2325–2331 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Trouillet, V.

X. Le Guével, V. Trouillet, C. Spies, G. Jung, and M. Schneider, “Synthesis of yellow-emitting platinum nanoclusters by ligand etching,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(10), 6047–6051 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Tzeng, Y.-L.

C. I. Richards, S. Choi, J.-C. Hsiang, Y. Antoku, T. Vosch, A. Bongiorno, Y.-L. Tzeng, and R. M. Dickson, “Oligonucleotide-stabilized Ag nanocluster fluorophores,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(15), 5038–5039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Udaya Bhaskara Rao, T.

T. Udaya Bhaskara Rao and T. Pradeep, “Luminescent Ag7 and Ag8 clusters by interfacial synthesis,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.49(23), 3925–3929 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Verástegui, E.

A. Müller, B. Homey, H. Soto, N. Ge, D. Catron, M. E. Buchanan, T. McClanahan, E. Murphy, W. Yuan, S. N. Wagner, J. L. Barrera, A. Mohar, E. Verástegui, and A. Zlotnik, “Involvement of chemokine receptors in breast cancer metastasis,” Nature410(6824), 50–56 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vosch, T.

C. I. Richards, S. Choi, J.-C. Hsiang, Y. Antoku, T. Vosch, A. Bongiorno, Y.-L. Tzeng, and R. M. Dickson, “Oligonucleotide-stabilized Ag nanocluster fluorophores,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(15), 5038–5039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vu, D. M.

Y. Bao, C. Zhong, D. M. Vu, J. P. Temirov, R. B. Dyer, and J. S. Martinez, “Nanoparticle-free synthesis of fluorescent gold nanoclusters at physiological temperature,” J. Phys. Chem. C111(33), 12194–12198 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, S. N.

A. Müller, B. Homey, H. Soto, N. Ge, D. Catron, M. E. Buchanan, T. McClanahan, E. Murphy, W. Yuan, S. N. Wagner, J. L. Barrera, A. Mohar, E. Verástegui, and A. Zlotnik, “Involvement of chemokine receptors in breast cancer metastasis,” Nature410(6824), 50–56 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walther, A.

I. Díez, M. Pusa, S. Kulmala, H. Jiang, A. Walther, A. S. Goldmann, A. H. E. Müller, O. Ikkala, and R. H. A. Ras, “Color tunability and electrochemiluminescence of silver nanoclusters,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.48(12), 2122–2125 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, C.

C. Wang, J. Li, C. Amatore, Y. Chen, H. Jiang, and X.-M. Wang, “Gold nanoclusters and graphene nanocomposites for drug delivery and imaging of cancer cells,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.50(49), 11644–11648 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, E.

W. Guo, J. Yuan, and E. Wang, “Strand exchange reaction modulated fluorescence “off-on” switching of hybridized DNA duplex stabilized silver nanoclusters,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(39), 10930–10932 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Guo, J. Yuan, Q. Dong, and E. Wang, “Highly sequence-dependent formation of fluorescent silver nanoclusters in hybridized DNA duplexes for single nucleotide mutation identification,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.132(3), 932–934 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, H.-H.

C.-A. J. Lin, C.-H. Lee, J.-T. Hsieh, H.-H. Wang, J. K. Li, J.-L. Shen, W.-H. Chan, H.-I. Yeh, and W. H. Chang, “Synthesis of fluorescent metallic nanoclusters toward biomedical application: recent progress and present challenges,” J. Med. Biol. Eng.29(6), 276–283 (2009).

Wang, L.

C. Sun, H. Yang, Y. Yuan, X. Tian, L. Wang, Y. Guo, L. Xu, J. Lei, N. Gao, G. J. Anderson, X.-J. Liang, C. Chen, Y. Zhao, and G. Nie, “Controlling assembly of paired gold clusters within apoferritin nanoreactor for in vivo kidney targeting and biomedical imaging,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(22), 8617–8624 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, X.-M.

C. Wang, J. Li, C. Amatore, Y. Chen, H. Jiang, and X.-M. Wang, “Gold nanoclusters and graphene nanocomposites for drug delivery and imaging of cancer cells,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.50(49), 11644–11648 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.

Z. Sun, Y. Wang, Y. Wei, R. Liu, H. Zhu, Y. Cui, Y. Zhao, and X. Gao, “Ag cluster-aptamer hybrid: specifically marking the nucleus of live cells,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(43), 11960–11962 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Y.-W.

Y.-M. Fang, J. Song, J. Li, Y.-W. Wang, H.-H. Yang, J.-J. Sun, and G.-N. Chen, “Electrogenerated chemiluminescence from Au nanoclusters,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(8), 2369–2371 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Watanabe, T. M.

T. Jin, D. K. Tiwari, S.-I. Tanaka, Y. Inouye, K. Yoshizawa, and T. M. Watanabe, “Antibody-protein A conjugated quantum dots for multiplexed imaging of surface receptors in living cells,” Mol. Biosyst.6(11), 2325–2331 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wei, W.

W. Wei, Y. Lu, W. Chen, and S. Chen, “One-pot synthesis, photoluminescence, and electrocatalytic properties of subnanometer-sized copper clusters,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(7), 2060–2063 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wei, Y.

Z. Sun, Y. Wang, Y. Wei, R. Liu, H. Zhu, Y. Cui, Y. Zhao, and X. Gao, “Ag cluster-aptamer hybrid: specifically marking the nucleus of live cells,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(43), 11960–11962 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weir, M. G.

M. R. Knecht, M. G. Weir, V. S. Myers, W. D. Pyrz, H. Ye, V. Petkov, D. J. Buttrey, A. I. Frenkel, and R. M. Crooks, “Synthesis and characterization of Pt dendrimer-encapsulated nanoparticle: effect of the template on nanoparticle formation,” Chem. Mater.20(16), 5218–5228 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Werner, J. H.

J. Sharma, H.-C. Yeh, H. Yoo, J. H. Werner, and J. S. Martinez, “Silver nanocluster aptamers: in situ generation of intrinsically fluorescent recognition ligands for protein detection,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(8), 2294–2296 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, H.-T.

C.-L. Liu, H.-T. Wu, Y.-H. Hsiao, C.-W. Lai, C.-W. Shih, Y.-K. Peng, K.-C. Tang, H.-W. Chang, Y.-C. Chien, J.-K. Hsiao, J.-T. Cheng, and P.-T. Chou, “Insulin-directed synthesis of fluorescent gold nanoclusters: preservation of insulin bioactivity and versatility in cell imaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.50(31), 7056–7060 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, X.

H. Liu, X. Zhang, X. Wu, L. Jiang, C. Burda, and J.-J. Zhu, “Rapid sonochemical synthesis of highly luminescent non-toxic AuNCs and Au@AgNCs and Cu (II) sensing,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(14), 4237–4239 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, Z.

Z. Wu, E. Lanni, W. Chen, M. E. Bier, D. Ly, and R. Jin, “High yield, large scale synthesis of thiolate-protected Ag7 clusters,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.131(46), 16672–16674 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xie, J.

J. Xie, Y. Zheng, and J. Y. Ying, “Highly selective and ultrasensitive detection of Hg2+ based on fluorescence quenching of Au nanoclusters by Hg2+-Au+ interactions,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(6), 961–963 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Xie, Y. Zheng, and J. Y. Ying, “Protein-directed synthesis of highly fluorescent gold nanoclusters,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.131(3), 888–889 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, H.

H. Xu and K. S. Suslick, “Water-soluble fluorescent silver nanoclusters,” Adv. Mater.22(10), 1078–1082 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, L.

C. Sun, H. Yang, Y. Yuan, X. Tian, L. Wang, Y. Guo, L. Xu, J. Lei, N. Gao, G. J. Anderson, X.-J. Liang, C. Chen, Y. Zhao, and G. Nie, “Controlling assembly of paired gold clusters within apoferritin nanoreactor for in vivo kidney targeting and biomedical imaging,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(22), 8617–8624 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yamamoto, H.

M. Hyotanishi, Y. Isomura, H. Yamamoto, H. Kawasaki, and Y. Obora, “Surfactant-free synthesis of palladium nanoclusters for their use in catalytic cross-coupling reactions,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(20), 5750–5752 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Kawasaki, H. Yamamoto, H. Fujimori, R. Arakawa, M. Inada, and Y. Iwasaki, “Surfactant-free solution synthesis of fluorescent platinum subnanoclusters,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(21), 3759–3761 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Kawasaki, H. Yamamoto, H. Fujimori, R. Arakawa, Y. Iwasaki, and M. Inada, “Stability of the DMF-protected Au nanoclusters: photochemical, dispersion, and thermal properties,” Langmuir26(8), 5926–5933 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, C.-S.

S.-Y. Lin, N.-T. Chen, S.-P. Sum, L.-W. Lo, and C.-S. Yang, “Ligand exchanged photoluminescent gold quantum dots functionalized with leading peptides for nuclear targeting and intracellular imaging,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (39): 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, H.

C. Sun, H. Yang, Y. Yuan, X. Tian, L. Wang, Y. Guo, L. Xu, J. Lei, N. Gao, G. J. Anderson, X.-J. Liang, C. Chen, Y. Zhao, and G. Nie, “Controlling assembly of paired gold clusters within apoferritin nanoreactor for in vivo kidney targeting and biomedical imaging,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(22), 8617–8624 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, H.-H.

Y.-M. Fang, J. Song, J. Li, Y.-W. Wang, H.-H. Yang, J.-J. Sun, and G.-N. Chen, “Electrogenerated chemiluminescence from Au nanoclusters,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(8), 2369–2371 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ye, H.

M. R. Knecht, M. G. Weir, V. S. Myers, W. D. Pyrz, H. Ye, V. Petkov, D. J. Buttrey, A. I. Frenkel, and R. M. Crooks, “Synthesis and characterization of Pt dendrimer-encapsulated nanoparticle: effect of the template on nanoparticle formation,” Chem. Mater.20(16), 5218–5228 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, H.-C.

J. Sharma, H.-C. Yeh, H. Yoo, J. H. Werner, and J. S. Martinez, “Silver nanocluster aptamers: in situ generation of intrinsically fluorescent recognition ligands for protein detection,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(8), 2294–2296 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yeh, H.-I.

C.-A. J. Lin, C.-H. Lee, J.-T. Hsieh, H.-H. Wang, J. K. Li, J.-L. Shen, W.-H. Chan, H.-I. Yeh, and W. H. Chang, “Synthesis of fluorescent metallic nanoclusters toward biomedical application: recent progress and present challenges,” J. Med. Biol. Eng.29(6), 276–283 (2009).

Yeung, E. S.

Z. Yuan, M. Peng, Y. He, and E. S. Yeung, “Functionalized fluorescent gold nanodots: synthesis and application for Pb2+ sensing,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(43), 11981–11983 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ying, J. Y.

J. Xie, Y. Zheng, and J. Y. Ying, “Highly selective and ultrasensitive detection of Hg2+ based on fluorescence quenching of Au nanoclusters by Hg2+-Au+ interactions,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(6), 961–963 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Xie, Y. Zheng, and J. Y. Ying, “Protein-directed synthesis of highly fluorescent gold nanoclusters,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.131(3), 888–889 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yonezawa, T.

H. Kawasaki, Y. Kosaka, Y. Myoujin, T. Narushima, T. Yonezawa, and R. Arakawa, “Microwave-assisted polyol synthesis of copper nanocrystals without using additional protective agents,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(27), 7740–7742 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Shishino, T. Yonezawa, K. Kawai, and H. Nishihara, “Molten matrix sputtering synthesis of water-soluble luminescent Au nanoparticles with a large Stokes shift,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(38), 7211–7213 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoo, H.

J. Sharma, H.-C. Yeh, H. Yoo, J. H. Werner, and J. S. Martinez, “Silver nanocluster aptamers: in situ generation of intrinsically fluorescent recognition ligands for protein detection,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(8), 2294–2296 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoshizawa, K.

T. Jin, D. K. Tiwari, S.-I. Tanaka, Y. Inouye, K. Yoshizawa, and T. M. Watanabe, “Antibody-protein A conjugated quantum dots for multiplexed imaging of surface receptors in living cells,” Mol. Biosyst.6(11), 2325–2331 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, J.

J. Yu, S. Choi, and R. M. Dickson, “Shuttle-based fluorogenic silver-cluster biolabels,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.48(2), 318–320 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Yu, S. A. Patel, and R. M. Dickson, “In vitro and intracellular production of peptide-encapsulated fluorescent silver nanoclusters,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.46(12), 2028–2030 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yuan, J.

W. Guo, J. Yuan, and E. Wang, “Strand exchange reaction modulated fluorescence “off-on” switching of hybridized DNA duplex stabilized silver nanoclusters,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(39), 10930–10932 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Guo, J. Yuan, Q. Dong, and E. Wang, “Highly sequence-dependent formation of fluorescent silver nanoclusters in hybridized DNA duplexes for single nucleotide mutation identification,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.132(3), 932–934 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yuan, W.

A. Müller, B. Homey, H. Soto, N. Ge, D. Catron, M. E. Buchanan, T. McClanahan, E. Murphy, W. Yuan, S. N. Wagner, J. L. Barrera, A. Mohar, E. Verástegui, and A. Zlotnik, “Involvement of chemokine receptors in breast cancer metastasis,” Nature410(6824), 50–56 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yuan, Y.

C. Sun, H. Yang, Y. Yuan, X. Tian, L. Wang, Y. Guo, L. Xu, J. Lei, N. Gao, G. J. Anderson, X.-J. Liang, C. Chen, Y. Zhao, and G. Nie, “Controlling assembly of paired gold clusters within apoferritin nanoreactor for in vivo kidney targeting and biomedical imaging,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(22), 8617–8624 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yuan, Z.

Z. Yuan, M. Peng, Y. He, and E. S. Yeung, “Functionalized fluorescent gold nanodots: synthesis and application for Pb2+ sensing,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(43), 11981–11983 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, C.

J. Zheng, C. Zhang, and R. M. Dickson, “Highly fluorescent, water-soluble, size-tunable gold quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(7), 077402 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, H.

Y. Chen, Y. Shen, D. Sun, H. Zhang, D. Tian, J. Zhang, and J.-J. Zhu, “Fabrication of a dispersible graphene/gold nanoclusters hybrid and its potential application in electrogenerated chemiluminescence,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(42), 11733–11735 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, J.

Y. Chen, Y. Shen, D. Sun, H. Zhang, D. Tian, J. Zhang, and J.-J. Zhu, “Fabrication of a dispersible graphene/gold nanoclusters hybrid and its potential application in electrogenerated chemiluminescence,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(42), 11733–11735 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, X.

H. Liu, X. Zhang, X. Wu, L. Jiang, C. Burda, and J.-J. Zhu, “Rapid sonochemical synthesis of highly luminescent non-toxic AuNCs and Au@AgNCs and Cu (II) sensing,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(14), 4237–4239 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, Y.

C. Sun, H. Yang, Y. Yuan, X. Tian, L. Wang, Y. Guo, L. Xu, J. Lei, N. Gao, G. J. Anderson, X.-J. Liang, C. Chen, Y. Zhao, and G. Nie, “Controlling assembly of paired gold clusters within apoferritin nanoreactor for in vivo kidney targeting and biomedical imaging,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(22), 8617–8624 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Sun, Y. Wang, Y. Wei, R. Liu, H. Zhu, Y. Cui, Y. Zhao, and X. Gao, “Ag cluster-aptamer hybrid: specifically marking the nucleus of live cells,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(43), 11960–11962 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhen, S. J.

Z. De Liu, S. F. Chen, C. Z. Huang, S. J. Zhen, and Q. G. Liao, “Light scattering sensing detection of pathogens based on the molecular recognition of immunoglobulin with cell wall-associated protein A,” Anal. Chim. Acta599(2), 279–286 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zheng, J.

J. Zheng, P. R. Nicovich, and R. M. Dickson, “Highly fluorescent noble-metal quantum dots,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem.58(1), 409–431 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zheng, C. Zhang, and R. M. Dickson, “Highly fluorescent, water-soluble, size-tunable gold quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(7), 077402 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zheng, J. T. Petty, and R. M. Dickson, “High quantum yield blue emission from water-soluble Au8 nanodots,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.125(26), 7780–7781 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zheng, Y.

J. Xie, Y. Zheng, and J. Y. Ying, “Highly selective and ultrasensitive detection of Hg2+ based on fluorescence quenching of Au nanoclusters by Hg2+-Au+ interactions,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(6), 961–963 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Xie, Y. Zheng, and J. Y. Ying, “Protein-directed synthesis of highly fluorescent gold nanoclusters,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.131(3), 888–889 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhong, C.

Y. Bao, C. Zhong, D. M. Vu, J. P. Temirov, R. B. Dyer, and J. S. Martinez, “Nanoparticle-free synthesis of fluorescent gold nanoclusters at physiological temperature,” J. Phys. Chem. C111(33), 12194–12198 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Z.

L. Deng, Z. Zhou, J. Li, T. Li, and S. Dong, “Fluorescent silver nanoclusters in hybridized DNA duplexes for the turn-on detection of Hg2+ ions,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(39), 11065–11067 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, H.

Z. Sun, Y. Wang, Y. Wei, R. Liu, H. Zhu, Y. Cui, Y. Zhao, and X. Gao, “Ag cluster-aptamer hybrid: specifically marking the nucleus of live cells,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(43), 11960–11962 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhu, J.-J.

H. Liu, X. Zhang, X. Wu, L. Jiang, C. Burda, and J.-J. Zhu, “Rapid sonochemical synthesis of highly luminescent non-toxic AuNCs and Au@AgNCs and Cu (II) sensing,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(14), 4237–4239 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, Y. Shen, D. Sun, H. Zhang, D. Tian, J. Zhang, and J.-J. Zhu, “Fabrication of a dispersible graphene/gold nanoclusters hybrid and its potential application in electrogenerated chemiluminescence,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(42), 11733–11735 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zlotnik, A.

A. Müller, B. Homey, H. Soto, N. Ge, D. Catron, M. E. Buchanan, T. McClanahan, E. Murphy, W. Yuan, S. N. Wagner, J. L. Barrera, A. Mohar, E. Verástegui, and A. Zlotnik, “Involvement of chemokine receptors in breast cancer metastasis,” Nature410(6824), 50–56 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (1)

H. Xu and K. S. Suslick, “Water-soluble fluorescent silver nanoclusters,” Adv. Mater.22(10), 1078–1082 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anal. Chim. Acta (1)

Z. De Liu, S. F. Chen, C. Z. Huang, S. J. Zhen, and Q. G. Liao, “Light scattering sensing detection of pathogens based on the molecular recognition of immunoglobulin with cell wall-associated protein A,” Anal. Chim. Acta599(2), 279–286 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. (1)

T. Udaya Bhaskara Rao and T. Pradeep, “Luminescent Ag7 and Ag8 clusters by interfacial synthesis,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.49(23), 3925–3929 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl. (6)

I. Díez, M. Pusa, S. Kulmala, H. Jiang, A. Walther, A. S. Goldmann, A. H. E. Müller, O. Ikkala, and R. H. A. Ras, “Color tunability and electrochemiluminescence of silver nanoclusters,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.48(12), 2122–2125 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Yu, S. A. Patel, and R. M. Dickson, “In vitro and intracellular production of peptide-encapsulated fluorescent silver nanoclusters,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.46(12), 2028–2030 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Yu, S. Choi, and R. M. Dickson, “Shuttle-based fluorogenic silver-cluster biolabels,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.48(2), 318–320 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-I. Tanaka, J. Miyazaki, D. K. Tiwari, T. Jin, and Y. Inouye, “Fluorescent platinum nanoclusters: synthesis, purification, characterization, and application to bioimaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.50(2), 431–435 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Wang, J. Li, C. Amatore, Y. Chen, H. Jiang, and X.-M. Wang, “Gold nanoclusters and graphene nanocomposites for drug delivery and imaging of cancer cells,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.50(49), 11644–11648 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-L. Liu, H.-T. Wu, Y.-H. Hsiao, C.-W. Lai, C.-W. Shih, Y.-K. Peng, K.-C. Tang, H.-W. Chang, Y.-C. Chien, J.-K. Hsiao, J.-T. Cheng, and P.-T. Chou, “Insulin-directed synthesis of fluorescent gold nanoclusters: preservation of insulin bioactivity and versatility in cell imaging,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. Engl.50(31), 7056–7060 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. (1)

J. Zheng, P. R. Nicovich, and R. M. Dickson, “Highly fluorescent noble-metal quantum dots,” Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem.58(1), 409–431 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (16)

Y. Shishino, T. Yonezawa, K. Kawai, and H. Nishihara, “Molten matrix sputtering synthesis of water-soluble luminescent Au nanoparticles with a large Stokes shift,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(38), 7211–7213 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S.-Y. Lin, N.-T. Chen, S.-P. Sum, L.-W. Lo, and C.-S. Yang, “Ligand exchanged photoluminescent gold quantum dots functionalized with leading peptides for nuclear targeting and intracellular imaging,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (39): 4762–4764 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Yuan, M. Peng, Y. He, and E. S. Yeung, “Functionalized fluorescent gold nanodots: synthesis and application for Pb2+ sensing,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(43), 11981–11983 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Liu, X. Zhang, X. Wu, L. Jiang, C. Burda, and J.-J. Zhu, “Rapid sonochemical synthesis of highly luminescent non-toxic AuNCs and Au@AgNCs and Cu (II) sensing,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(14), 4237–4239 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Xie, Y. Zheng, and J. Y. Ying, “Highly selective and ultrasensitive detection of Hg2+ based on fluorescence quenching of Au nanoclusters by Hg2+-Au+ interactions,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(6), 961–963 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-C. Shiang, C.-C. Huang, and H.-T. Chang, “Gold nanodot-based luminescent sensor for the detection of hydrogen peroxide and glucose,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (23): 3437–3439 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Kawasaki, H. Yamamoto, H. Fujimori, R. Arakawa, M. Inada, and Y. Iwasaki, “Surfactant-free solution synthesis of fluorescent platinum subnanoclusters,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(21), 3759–3761 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Deng, Z. Zhou, J. Li, T. Li, and S. Dong, “Fluorescent silver nanoclusters in hybridized DNA duplexes for the turn-on detection of Hg2+ ions,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(39), 11065–11067 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Guo, J. Yuan, and E. Wang, “Strand exchange reaction modulated fluorescence “off-on” switching of hybridized DNA duplex stabilized silver nanoclusters,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(39), 10930–10932 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Sharma, H.-C. Yeh, H. Yoo, J. H. Werner, and J. S. Martinez, “Silver nanocluster aptamers: in situ generation of intrinsically fluorescent recognition ligands for protein detection,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(8), 2294–2296 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G.-Y. Lan, C.-C. Huang, and H.-T. Chang, “Silver nanoclusters as fluorescent probes for selective and sensitive detection of copper ions,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)46(8), 1257–1259 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Sun, Y. Wang, Y. Wei, R. Liu, H. Zhu, Y. Cui, Y. Zhao, and X. Gao, “Ag cluster-aptamer hybrid: specifically marking the nucleus of live cells,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(43), 11960–11962 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Chen, Y. Shen, D. Sun, H. Zhang, D. Tian, J. Zhang, and J.-J. Zhu, “Fabrication of a dispersible graphene/gold nanoclusters hybrid and its potential application in electrogenerated chemiluminescence,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(42), 11733–11735 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y.-M. Fang, J. Song, J. Li, Y.-W. Wang, H.-H. Yang, J.-J. Sun, and G.-N. Chen, “Electrogenerated chemiluminescence from Au nanoclusters,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(8), 2369–2371 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hyotanishi, Y. Isomura, H. Yamamoto, H. Kawasaki, and Y. Obora, “Surfactant-free synthesis of palladium nanoclusters for their use in catalytic cross-coupling reactions,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(20), 5750–5752 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Kawasaki, Y. Kosaka, Y. Myoujin, T. Narushima, T. Yonezawa, and R. Arakawa, “Microwave-assisted polyol synthesis of copper nanocrystals without using additional protective agents,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.)47(27), 7740–7742 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chem. Mater. (1)

M. R. Knecht, M. G. Weir, V. S. Myers, W. D. Pyrz, H. Ye, V. Petkov, D. J. Buttrey, A. I. Frenkel, and R. M. Crooks, “Synthesis and characterization of Pt dendrimer-encapsulated nanoparticle: effect of the template on nanoparticle formation,” Chem. Mater.20(16), 5218–5228 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Colloids Surf. A Physicochem. Eng. Asp. (1)

Y. Gu, P. Sanders, and H. J. Ploehn, “Quantitative analysis of Pt-PAMAM ligand exchange reactions: time and concentration effects,” Colloids Surf. A Physicochem. Eng. Asp.356(1-3), 10–15 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta (1)

C. H. Gammons, “Experimental investigations of the hydrothermal geochemistry of platinum and palladium: V. equilibria between platinum metal, Pt(II), and Pt(IV) chloride complexes at 25 to 300 °C,” Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta60(10), 1683–1694 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (9)

W. Wei, Y. Lu, W. Chen, and S. Chen, “One-pot synthesis, photoluminescence, and electrocatalytic properties of subnanometer-sized copper clusters,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(7), 2060–2063 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. I. Lee, Y. Bae, and A. J. Bard, “Strong blue photoluminescence and ECL from OH-terminated PAMAM dendrimers in the absence of gold nanoparticles,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.126(27), 8358–8359 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. I. Richards, S. Choi, J.-C. Hsiang, Y. Antoku, T. Vosch, A. Bongiorno, Y.-L. Tzeng, and R. M. Dickson, “Oligonucleotide-stabilized Ag nanocluster fluorophores,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.130(15), 5038–5039 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Guo, J. Yuan, Q. Dong, and E. Wang, “Highly sequence-dependent formation of fluorescent silver nanoclusters in hybridized DNA duplexes for single nucleotide mutation identification,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.132(3), 932–934 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Wu, E. Lanni, W. Chen, M. E. Bier, D. Ly, and R. Jin, “High yield, large scale synthesis of thiolate-protected Ag7 clusters,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.131(46), 16672–16674 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Sun, H. Yang, Y. Yuan, X. Tian, L. Wang, Y. Guo, L. Xu, J. Lei, N. Gao, G. J. Anderson, X.-J. Liang, C. Chen, Y. Zhao, and G. Nie, “Controlling assembly of paired gold clusters within apoferritin nanoreactor for in vivo kidney targeting and biomedical imaging,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.133(22), 8617–8624 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Zheng, J. T. Petty, and R. M. Dickson, “High quantum yield blue emission from water-soluble Au8 nanodots,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.125(26), 7780–7781 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Duan and S. Nie, “Etching colloidal gold nanocrystals with hyperbranched and multivalent polymers: a new route to fluorescent and water-soluble atomic clusters,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.129(9), 2412–2413 (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Xie, Y. Zheng, and J. Y. Ying, “Protein-directed synthesis of highly fluorescent gold nanoclusters,” J. Am. Chem. Soc.131(3), 888–889 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

X. Le Guével, B. Hötzer, G. Jung, and M. Schneider, “NIR-emitting fluorescent gold nanoclusters doped in silica nanoparticles,” J. Mater. Chem.21(9), 2974–2981 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Med. Biol. Eng. (1)

C.-A. J. Lin, C.-H. Lee, J.-T. Hsieh, H.-H. Wang, J. K. Li, J.-L. Shen, W.-H. Chan, H.-I. Yeh, and W. H. Chang, “Synthesis of fluorescent metallic nanoclusters toward biomedical application: recent progress and present challenges,” J. Med. Biol. Eng.29(6), 276–283 (2009).

J. Phys. Chem. C (2)

Y. Bao, C. Zhong, D. M. Vu, J. P. Temirov, R. B. Dyer, and J. S. Martinez, “Nanoparticle-free synthesis of fluorescent gold nanoclusters at physiological temperature,” J. Phys. Chem. C111(33), 12194–12198 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Le Guével, V. Trouillet, C. Spies, G. Jung, and M. Schneider, “Synthesis of yellow-emitting platinum nanoclusters by ligand etching,” J. Phys. Chem. C116(10), 6047–6051 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Langmuir (1)

H. Kawasaki, H. Yamamoto, H. Fujimori, R. Arakawa, Y. Iwasaki, and M. Inada, “Stability of the DMF-protected Au nanoclusters: photochemical, dispersion, and thermal properties,” Langmuir26(8), 5926–5933 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mol. Biosyst. (1)

T. Jin, D. K. Tiwari, S.-I. Tanaka, Y. Inouye, K. Yoshizawa, and T. M. Watanabe, “Antibody-protein A conjugated quantum dots for multiplexed imaging of surface receptors in living cells,” Mol. Biosyst.6(11), 2325–2331 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nano Lett. (1)

B. Santiago González, M. J. Rodríguez, C. Blanco, J. Rivas, M. A. López-Quintela, and J. M. G. Martinho, “One step synthesis of the smallest photoluminescent and paramagnetic PVP-protected gold atomic clusters,” Nano Lett.10(10), 4217–4221 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nano Today (1)

L. Shang, S. Dong, and G. U. Nienhaus, “Ultra-small fluorescent metal nanoclusters: synthesis and biological applications,” Nano Today6(4), 401–418 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

A. Müller, B. Homey, H. Soto, N. Ge, D. Catron, M. E. Buchanan, T. McClanahan, E. Murphy, W. Yuan, S. N. Wagner, J. L. Barrera, A. Mohar, E. Verástegui, and A. Zlotnik, “Involvement of chemokine receptors in breast cancer metastasis,” Nature410(6824), 50–56 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

J. Zheng, C. Zhang, and R. M. Dickson, “Highly fluorescent, water-soluble, size-tunable gold quantum dots,” Phys. Rev. Lett.93(7), 077402 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

Blue-emitting species were produced in the same manner using a stronger reductant (NaBH4) rather than trisodium citrate. No green photoluminescence were observed from the species.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Time evolution of absorbance for Pt/PAMAM (G4-OH) complexation at 250 nm. (b) UV-Vis spectra showing the complexation of Pt ions with PAMAM (G4-OH): the absorbance at 250 nm corresponds to the LMCT band. The left and right arrows show the decrease in the absorbance of PAMAM (G4-OH) at around 200 nm and that of PtCl62- at 262 nm, respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Size-exclusion HPLC chromatogram of the supernatant to which mercaptoacetic acid was added after centrifugation. HPLC was monitored by UV absorption at 290 nm (red line) and fluorescence at 520 nm (green line). Excitation-emission matrices spectra of fraction 2 (b), 3 (c) and 4 (d). (e) Excitation (blue line) and emission spectra (green line) of the Pt8 nanoclusters in water. (f) Fluorescent image of the Pt8 nanoclusters in water under UV (365 nm) irradiation.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

ESI mass spectrum of Pt nanoclusters. The peak, m/z = 2353.22, is assigned to [Pt8L8 + 3Na + 4H]- (L = C2H2O2S), and shows Pt nanoclusters consist of eight platinum atoms.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Fluorescence lifetime of Pt8 nanoclusters: the fluorescence lifetime of Pt8 nanoclusters was obtained by single exponential fitting (6.5 ± 0.5 ns).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Laser confocal fluorescent microscopic image overlaid with differential interference contrast images of living HeLa cells labeled with (a) and without (b) (Pt8L8)-(ProteinA)-(anti-CXCR4-Ab).

Metrics