Abstract

A single-phased tunable color conversion phosphor for WLED was prepared by coactivating Ca9Y(PO4)7 with Eu2+ and Sm3+ ions. The structure, UV-visible and photoluminescence spectra of the phosphor were studied as a function of annealing atmosphere and concentration ratio of Eu2+/Sm3+. The coexistence of Eu2+ and Sm3+ was achieved by annealing the phosphor in a reducing atmosphere. The as-obtained phosphors showed a blended emission of blue-green and orange-red light upon near-UV excitation. White light emission was realized by adjusting the concentration ratio. Energy transfer and dominant interaction between Eu2+ and Sm3+ was also studied.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2012 (1)

2011 (14)

R. M. Farrell, D. A. Haeger, P. S. Hsu, K. Fujito, D. F. Feezell, S. P. DenBaars, J. S. Speck, and S. Nakamura, “Determination of internal parameters for AlGaN-cladding-free m-plane InGaN/GaN laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(17), 171115 (2011).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Lu, C.-C. Lan, Y.-L. Lai, Y.-L. Li, and C.-P. Liu, “Enhancement of green emission from InGaN/GaN multiple quantum wells via coupling to surface plasmons in a two-dimensional silver array,” Adv. Funct. Mater.21(24), 4719–4723 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Matioli, S. Brinkley, K. M. Kelchner, S. Nakamura, S. DenBaars, J. Speck, and C. Weisbuch, “Polarized light extraction in m-plane GaN light-emitting diodes by embedded photonic-crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(25), 251112 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S.-H. Park, D. Ahn, J. Park, and Y.-T. Lee, “Optical properties of staggered InGaN/InGaN/GaN quantum-well structures with Ga- and N-faces,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.50(7), 072101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Rangel, E. Matioli, Y.-S. Choi, C. Weisbuch, J. S. Speck, and E. L. Hu, “Directionality control through selective excitation of low-order guided modes in thin-film InGaN photonic crystal light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(8), 081104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Taniyasu and M. Kasu, “Polarization property of deep-ultraviolet light emission from C-plane AlN/GaN short-period superlattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(25), 251112 (2011).
[CrossRef]

X. H. Li, R. Song, Y.-K. Ee, P. Kumnorkaew, J. F. Gilchrist, and N. Tansu, “Light extraction efficiency and radiation patterns of III-Nitride light-emitting diodes with colloidal microlens arrays with various aspect ratios,” IEEE Photonics J.3(3), 489–499 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang and N. Tansu, “Improvement in spontaneous emission rates for InGaN quantum wells on ternary InGaN substrate for light-emitting diodes,” J. Appl. Phys.110(11), 113110 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, H. Zhao, and N. Tansu, “Large optical gain AlGaN-delta-GaN quantum wells laser active regions in mid- and deep-ultraviolet spectral regimes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(17), 171111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhao, G. Liu, J. Zhang, J. D. Poplawsky, V. Dierolf, and N. Tansu, “Approaches for high internal quantum efficiency green InGaN light-emitting diodes with large overlap quantum wells,” Opt. Express19(S4Suppl 4), A991–A1007 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Zhao, J. Zhang, G. Liu, and N. Tansu, “Surface plasmon dispersion engineering via double-metallic Au/Ag layers for III-nitride based light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(15), 151115 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Brinkley, N. Pfaff, K. A. Denault, Z. Zhang, H. T. (Bert) Hintzen, R. Seshadri, S. Nakamura, and S. P. DenBaars, “Robust thermal performance of Sr2Si5N8:Eu2+: An efficient red emitting phosphor for light emitting diode based white lighting,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(24), 241106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H.-C. Kuo, C.-W. Hung, H.-C. Chen, K.-J. Chen, C.-H. Wang, C.-W. Sher, C.-C. Yeh, C.-C. Lin, C.-H. Chen, and Y.-J. Cheng, “Patterned structure of remote phosphor for phosphor-converted white LEDs,” Opt. Express19(S4Suppl 4), A930–A936 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Cui, R. Ye, D. Deng, Y. Hua, S. Zhao, G. Jia, C. Li, and S. Xu, “Eu2+/Sm3+ ions co-doped white light luminescence SrSiO3 glass-ceramics phosphor for White LED,” J. Alloy. Comp.509(8), 3553–3558 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (7)

S. Ye, F. Xiao, Y. X. Pan, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Phosphors in phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes: Recent advances in materials, techniques and properties,” Mater. Sci. Eng. Rep.71(1), 1–34 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Guo, Y. Huang, H. You, M. Yang, Y. Song, K. Liu, and Y. Zheng, “Ca9Lu(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+: a potential single-phased white-light-emitting phosphor suitable for white-light-emitting diodes,” Inorg. Chem.49(23), 10907–10913 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-H. Huang, T.-M. Chen, W.-R. Liu, Y.-C. Chiu, Y.-T. Yeh, and S.-M. Jang, “A single-phased emission-tunable phosphor Ca9Y(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ with efficient energy transfer for white-light-emitting diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces2(1), 259–264 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Guo, H. You, Y. Song, M. Yang, K. Liu, Y. Zheng, Y. Huang, and H. Zhang, “White-light emission from a single-emitting-component Ca9Gd(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphor,” J. Mater. Chem.20(41), 9061–9067 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, S. Huang, D. Yang, X. Kang, M. Shang, C. Peng, and J. Lin, “Tunable luminescence in Ce3+, Mn2+-codoped calcium fluorapatite through combining emissions and modulation of excitation: a novel strategy to white light emission,” J. Mater. Chem.20(32), 6674–6680 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Huang, T.-W. Kuo, and T.-M. Chen, “Novel red-emitting phosphor Ca9Y(PO4)7:Ce3+,Mn2+ with energy transfer for fluorescent lamp application,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces2(5), 1395–1399 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Xiao, Y. N. Xue, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Ba2Ca(B3O6)2:Eu2+,Mn2+: A potential tunable blue-white-red phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Physica B405(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef]

2009 (5)

B. Wang, L. Sun, H. Ju, S. Zhao, D. Deng, H. Wang, and S. Xu, “Sol-gel synthesis of single-phase Ca5MgSi3O12: Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphors for white-light emitting diodes,” Mater. Lett.63(15), 1329–1331 (2009).
[CrossRef]

K. H. Kwon, W. B. Im, H. S. Jang, H. S. Yoo, and D. Y. Jeon, “Luminescence properties and energy transfer of site-sensitive Ca6-x-yMgx-z(PO4)4:Euy2+,Mnz2+ phosphors and their application to near-UV LED-based white LEDs,” Inorg. Chem.48(24), 11525–11532 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Xiao, Y. N. Xue, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Ca2BO3Cl:Ce3+,Eu2+: A potential tunable yellow-white-blue-emitting phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Physica B404(20), 3743–3747 (2009).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Saradhi, V. Pralong, U. V. Varadaraju, and B. Raveau, “Facile chemical insertion of lithium in Eu0.33Zr2(PO4)3:An elegant approach for tuning the photoluminescence properties,” Chem. Mater.21(9), 1793–1795 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Y. Song, G. Jia, M. Yang, Y. Huang, H. You, and H. Zhang, “Sr3Al2O5Cl2:Ce3+,Eu2+: A potential tunable yellow-to-white-emitting phosphor for ultraviolet light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(9), 091902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

S. Nishiura and S. Tanabe, “Preparation and optical properties of Eu2+ and Sm3+ co-doped glass ceramic phosphors emitting white color by violet laser excitation,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn.116(1358), 1096–1099 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (7)

H. A. Höppe, M. Daub, and M. C. Bröhmer, “Coactivation of α-Sr(PO3)2 and SrM(P2O7) (M = Zn, Sr) with Eu2+ and Mn2+,” Chem. Mater.19(25), 6358–6362 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C.-K. Chang and T.-M. Chen, “White light generation under violet-blue excitation from tunable green-to-red emitting Ca2MgSi2O7:Eu,Mn through energy transfer,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(16), 161901 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, X. Zhang, X. Sun, Y. Luo, S. Lu, and X.-J. Wang, “White light emitting diode by using alpha-Ca2P2O7:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(26), 261113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

W.-J. Yang and T.-M. Chen, “Ce3+/Eu2+ codoped Ba2ZnS3: A blue radiation-converting phosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(17), 171908 (2007).
[CrossRef]

C.-K. Chang and T.-M. Chen, “Sr3B2O6:Ce3+,Eu2+: A potential single-phased white-emitting borate phosphor for ultraviolet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(8), 081902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

D. Jia and X.-J. Wang, “Alkali earth sulfide phosphors doped with Eu2+ and Ce3+ for LEDs,” Opt. Mater.30(3), 375–379 (2007).
[CrossRef]

X. Lü, W. Shu, Q. Fang, Q. Yu, and X. Xiong, “Roles of doping ions in persistent luminescence of SrAl2O4:Eu2+, RE3+ phosphors,” J. Mater. Sci.42(15), 6240–6245 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (3)

V. Singh, J.-J. Zhu, and V. Natarajan, “Eu2+, Eu3+ and Sm3+ emission in SrAl12O19 phosphors prepared via combustion synthesis,” Phys. Status Solidi A203(8), 2058–2064 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W.-J. Yang and T.-M. Chen, “White-light generation and energy transfer in SrZn2(PO4)2:Eu,Mn phosphor for ultraviolet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(10), 101903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y.-H. Won, H. S. Jang, W. B. Im, D. Y. Jeon, and J. S. Lee, “Tunable full-color-emitting La0.827Al11.9O19.09:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphor for application to warm white-light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(23), 231909 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

W.-J. Yang, L. Luo, T.-M. Chen, and N.-S. Wang, “Luminescence and energy transfer of Eu- and Mn-coactivated CaAl2Si2O8 as a potential phosphor for white-light UVLED,” Chem. Mater.17(15), 3883–3888 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. F. Schubert and J. K. Kim, “Solid-state light sources getting smart,” Science308(5726), 1274–1278 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

J. S. Kim, P. E. Jeon, Y. H. Park, J. C. Choi, H. L. Park, G. C. Kim, and T. W. Kim, “White-light generation through ultraviolet-emitting diode and white-emitting phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(17), 3696–3698 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Kim, P. E. Jeon, J. C. Choi, H. L. Park, S. I. Mho, and G. C. Kim, “Warm-white-light emitting diode utilizing a single-phase full-color Ba3MgSi2O8:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(15), 2931–2933 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Aitasalo, P. Dereń, J. Hölsä, H. Jungner, M. Lastusaari, J. Niittykoski, and W. Stręk, “Annihilation of the persistent luminescence of MAl2O4:Eu2+ by Sm3+ co-doping,” Radiat. Meas.38(4-6), 515–518 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

A. Bergh, G. Craford, A. Duggal, and R. Haitz, “The promise and challenge of solid-state lighting,” Phys. Today54(12), 42–47 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

G. Blasse, “Energy transfer in oxidic phosphors,” Philips Res. Rep.24, 131–136 (1969).

1967 (1)

L. G. Van Uitert, “Characterization of energy transfer interactions between rare earth ions,” J. Electrochem. Soc.114(10), 1048–1053 (1967).
[CrossRef]

1954 (1)

D. L. Dexter and J. H. Schulman, “Theory of concentration quenching in inorganic phosphors,” J. Chem. Phys.22(6), 1063–1070 (1954).
[CrossRef]

1953 (1)

D. L. Dexter, “A theory of sensitized luminescence in solids,” J. Chem. Phys.21(5), 836–850 (1953).
[CrossRef]

(Bert) Hintzen, H. T.

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J. S. Kim, P. E. Jeon, J. C. Choi, H. L. Park, S. I. Mho, and G. C. Kim, “Warm-white-light emitting diode utilizing a single-phase full-color Ba3MgSi2O8:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(15), 2931–2933 (2004).
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E. Matioli, S. Brinkley, K. M. Kelchner, S. Nakamura, S. DenBaars, J. Speck, and C. Weisbuch, “Polarized light extraction in m-plane GaN light-emitting diodes by embedded photonic-crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(25), 251112 (2011).
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X. H. Li, R. Song, Y.-K. Ee, P. Kumnorkaew, J. F. Gilchrist, and N. Tansu, “Light extraction efficiency and radiation patterns of III-Nitride light-emitting diodes with colloidal microlens arrays with various aspect ratios,” IEEE Photonics J.3(3), 489–499 (2011).
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N. Guo, H. You, Y. Song, M. Yang, K. Liu, Y. Zheng, Y. Huang, and H. Zhang, “White-light emission from a single-emitting-component Ca9Gd(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphor,” J. Mater. Chem.20(41), 9061–9067 (2010).
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N. Guo, Y. Huang, H. You, M. Yang, Y. Song, K. Liu, and Y. Zheng, “Ca9Lu(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+: a potential single-phased white-light-emitting phosphor suitable for white-light-emitting diodes,” Inorg. Chem.49(23), 10907–10913 (2010).
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R. M. Farrell, D. A. Haeger, P. S. Hsu, K. Fujito, D. F. Feezell, S. P. DenBaars, J. S. Speck, and S. Nakamura, “Determination of internal parameters for AlGaN-cladding-free m-plane InGaN/GaN laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(17), 171115 (2011).
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H. A. Höppe, M. Daub, and M. C. Bröhmer, “Coactivation of α-Sr(PO3)2 and SrM(P2O7) (M = Zn, Sr) with Eu2+ and Mn2+,” Chem. Mater.19(25), 6358–6362 (2007).
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R. M. Farrell, D. A. Haeger, P. S. Hsu, K. Fujito, D. F. Feezell, S. P. DenBaars, J. S. Speck, and S. Nakamura, “Determination of internal parameters for AlGaN-cladding-free m-plane InGaN/GaN laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(17), 171115 (2011).
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[CrossRef]

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Z. Cui, R. Ye, D. Deng, Y. Hua, S. Zhao, G. Jia, C. Li, and S. Xu, “Eu2+/Sm3+ ions co-doped white light luminescence SrSiO3 glass-ceramics phosphor for White LED,” J. Alloy. Comp.509(8), 3553–3558 (2011).
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C.-H. Huang, T.-W. Kuo, and T.-M. Chen, “Novel red-emitting phosphor Ca9Y(PO4)7:Ce3+,Mn2+ with energy transfer for fluorescent lamp application,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces2(5), 1395–1399 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C.-H. Huang, T.-M. Chen, W.-R. Liu, Y.-C. Chiu, Y.-T. Yeh, and S.-M. Jang, “A single-phased emission-tunable phosphor Ca9Y(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ with efficient energy transfer for white-light-emitting diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces2(1), 259–264 (2010).
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N. Guo, H. You, Y. Song, M. Yang, K. Liu, Y. Zheng, Y. Huang, and H. Zhang, “White-light emission from a single-emitting-component Ca9Gd(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphor,” J. Mater. Chem.20(41), 9061–9067 (2010).
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N. Guo, Y. Huang, H. You, M. Yang, Y. Song, K. Liu, and Y. Zheng, “Ca9Lu(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+: a potential single-phased white-light-emitting phosphor suitable for white-light-emitting diodes,” Inorg. Chem.49(23), 10907–10913 (2010).
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Im, W. B.

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K. H. Kwon, W. B. Im, H. S. Jang, H. S. Yoo, and D. Y. Jeon, “Luminescence properties and energy transfer of site-sensitive Ca6-x-yMgx-z(PO4)4:Euy2+,Mnz2+ phosphors and their application to near-UV LED-based white LEDs,” Inorg. Chem.48(24), 11525–11532 (2009).
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Y.-H. Won, H. S. Jang, W. B. Im, D. Y. Jeon, and J. S. Lee, “Tunable full-color-emitting La0.827Al11.9O19.09:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphor for application to warm white-light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(23), 231909 (2006).
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Jang, S.-M.

C.-H. Huang, T.-M. Chen, W.-R. Liu, Y.-C. Chiu, Y.-T. Yeh, and S.-M. Jang, “A single-phased emission-tunable phosphor Ca9Y(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ with efficient energy transfer for white-light-emitting diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces2(1), 259–264 (2010).
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K. H. Kwon, W. B. Im, H. S. Jang, H. S. Yoo, and D. Y. Jeon, “Luminescence properties and energy transfer of site-sensitive Ca6-x-yMgx-z(PO4)4:Euy2+,Mnz2+ phosphors and their application to near-UV LED-based white LEDs,” Inorg. Chem.48(24), 11525–11532 (2009).
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Y.-H. Won, H. S. Jang, W. B. Im, D. Y. Jeon, and J. S. Lee, “Tunable full-color-emitting La0.827Al11.9O19.09:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphor for application to warm white-light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(23), 231909 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jeon, P. E.

J. S. Kim, P. E. Jeon, Y. H. Park, J. C. Choi, H. L. Park, G. C. Kim, and T. W. Kim, “White-light generation through ultraviolet-emitting diode and white-emitting phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(17), 3696–3698 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Kim, P. E. Jeon, J. C. Choi, H. L. Park, S. I. Mho, and G. C. Kim, “Warm-white-light emitting diode utilizing a single-phase full-color Ba3MgSi2O8:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(15), 2931–2933 (2004).
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[CrossRef]

Y. Song, G. Jia, M. Yang, Y. Huang, H. You, and H. Zhang, “Sr3Al2O5Cl2:Ce3+,Eu2+: A potential tunable yellow-to-white-emitting phosphor for ultraviolet light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(9), 091902 (2009).
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B. Wang, L. Sun, H. Ju, S. Zhao, D. Deng, H. Wang, and S. Xu, “Sol-gel synthesis of single-phase Ca5MgSi3O12: Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphors for white-light emitting diodes,” Mater. Lett.63(15), 1329–1331 (2009).
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T. Aitasalo, P. Dereń, J. Hölsä, H. Jungner, M. Lastusaari, J. Niittykoski, and W. Stręk, “Annihilation of the persistent luminescence of MAl2O4:Eu2+ by Sm3+ co-doping,” Radiat. Meas.38(4-6), 515–518 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kang, X.

C. Zhang, S. Huang, D. Yang, X. Kang, M. Shang, C. Peng, and J. Lin, “Tunable luminescence in Ce3+, Mn2+-codoped calcium fluorapatite through combining emissions and modulation of excitation: a novel strategy to white light emission,” J. Mater. Chem.20(32), 6674–6680 (2010).
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Y. Taniyasu and M. Kasu, “Polarization property of deep-ultraviolet light emission from C-plane AlN/GaN short-period superlattices,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(25), 251112 (2011).
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E. Matioli, S. Brinkley, K. M. Kelchner, S. Nakamura, S. DenBaars, J. Speck, and C. Weisbuch, “Polarized light extraction in m-plane GaN light-emitting diodes by embedded photonic-crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(25), 251112 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Kim, G. C.

J. S. Kim, P. E. Jeon, Y. H. Park, J. C. Choi, H. L. Park, G. C. Kim, and T. W. Kim, “White-light generation through ultraviolet-emitting diode and white-emitting phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(17), 3696–3698 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Kim, P. E. Jeon, J. C. Choi, H. L. Park, S. I. Mho, and G. C. Kim, “Warm-white-light emitting diode utilizing a single-phase full-color Ba3MgSi2O8:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(15), 2931–2933 (2004).
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J. S. Kim, P. E. Jeon, Y. H. Park, J. C. Choi, H. L. Park, G. C. Kim, and T. W. Kim, “White-light generation through ultraviolet-emitting diode and white-emitting phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(17), 3696–3698 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Kim, P. E. Jeon, J. C. Choi, H. L. Park, S. I. Mho, and G. C. Kim, “Warm-white-light emitting diode utilizing a single-phase full-color Ba3MgSi2O8:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(15), 2931–2933 (2004).
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Kim, T. W.

J. S. Kim, P. E. Jeon, Y. H. Park, J. C. Choi, H. L. Park, G. C. Kim, and T. W. Kim, “White-light generation through ultraviolet-emitting diode and white-emitting phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(17), 3696–3698 (2004).
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Kong, Y.

Kumnorkaew, P.

X. H. Li, R. Song, Y.-K. Ee, P. Kumnorkaew, J. F. Gilchrist, and N. Tansu, “Light extraction efficiency and radiation patterns of III-Nitride light-emitting diodes with colloidal microlens arrays with various aspect ratios,” IEEE Photonics J.3(3), 489–499 (2011).
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Kuo, H.-C.

Kuo, T.-W.

C.-H. Huang, T.-W. Kuo, and T.-M. Chen, “Novel red-emitting phosphor Ca9Y(PO4)7:Ce3+,Mn2+ with energy transfer for fluorescent lamp application,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces2(5), 1395–1399 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kwon, K. H.

K. H. Kwon, W. B. Im, H. S. Jang, H. S. Yoo, and D. Y. Jeon, “Luminescence properties and energy transfer of site-sensitive Ca6-x-yMgx-z(PO4)4:Euy2+,Mnz2+ phosphors and their application to near-UV LED-based white LEDs,” Inorg. Chem.48(24), 11525–11532 (2009).
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T. Aitasalo, P. Dereń, J. Hölsä, H. Jungner, M. Lastusaari, J. Niittykoski, and W. Stręk, “Annihilation of the persistent luminescence of MAl2O4:Eu2+ by Sm3+ co-doping,” Radiat. Meas.38(4-6), 515–518 (2004).
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Lee, J. S.

Y.-H. Won, H. S. Jang, W. B. Im, D. Y. Jeon, and J. S. Lee, “Tunable full-color-emitting La0.827Al11.9O19.09:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphor for application to warm white-light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(23), 231909 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y.-T.

S.-H. Park, D. Ahn, J. Park, and Y.-T. Lee, “Optical properties of staggered InGaN/InGaN/GaN quantum-well structures with Ga- and N-faces,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.50(7), 072101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, C.

Z. Cui, R. Ye, D. Deng, Y. Hua, S. Zhao, G. Jia, C. Li, and S. Xu, “Eu2+/Sm3+ ions co-doped white light luminescence SrSiO3 glass-ceramics phosphor for White LED,” J. Alloy. Comp.509(8), 3553–3558 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, X. H.

X. H. Li, R. Song, Y.-K. Ee, P. Kumnorkaew, J. F. Gilchrist, and N. Tansu, “Light extraction efficiency and radiation patterns of III-Nitride light-emitting diodes with colloidal microlens arrays with various aspect ratios,” IEEE Photonics J.3(3), 489–499 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y.-L.

C.-H. Lu, C.-C. Lan, Y.-L. Lai, Y.-L. Li, and C.-P. Liu, “Enhancement of green emission from InGaN/GaN multiple quantum wells via coupling to surface plasmons in a two-dimensional silver array,” Adv. Funct. Mater.21(24), 4719–4723 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.-C.

Lin, J.

C. Zhang, S. Huang, D. Yang, X. Kang, M. Shang, C. Peng, and J. Lin, “Tunable luminescence in Ce3+, Mn2+-codoped calcium fluorapatite through combining emissions and modulation of excitation: a novel strategy to white light emission,” J. Mater. Chem.20(32), 6674–6680 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Liu, C.-P.

C.-H. Lu, C.-C. Lan, Y.-L. Lai, Y.-L. Li, and C.-P. Liu, “Enhancement of green emission from InGaN/GaN multiple quantum wells via coupling to surface plasmons in a two-dimensional silver array,” Adv. Funct. Mater.21(24), 4719–4723 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, G.

H. Zhao, G. Liu, J. Zhang, J. D. Poplawsky, V. Dierolf, and N. Tansu, “Approaches for high internal quantum efficiency green InGaN light-emitting diodes with large overlap quantum wells,” Opt. Express19(S4Suppl 4), A991–A1007 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Zhao, J. Zhang, G. Liu, and N. Tansu, “Surface plasmon dispersion engineering via double-metallic Au/Ag layers for III-nitride based light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(15), 151115 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, K.

N. Guo, Y. Huang, H. You, M. Yang, Y. Song, K. Liu, and Y. Zheng, “Ca9Lu(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+: a potential single-phased white-light-emitting phosphor suitable for white-light-emitting diodes,” Inorg. Chem.49(23), 10907–10913 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Guo, H. You, Y. Song, M. Yang, K. Liu, Y. Zheng, Y. Huang, and H. Zhang, “White-light emission from a single-emitting-component Ca9Gd(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphor,” J. Mater. Chem.20(41), 9061–9067 (2010).
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C.-H. Huang, T.-M. Chen, W.-R. Liu, Y.-C. Chiu, Y.-T. Yeh, and S.-M. Jang, “A single-phased emission-tunable phosphor Ca9Y(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ with efficient energy transfer for white-light-emitting diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces2(1), 259–264 (2010).
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C.-H. Lu, C.-C. Lan, Y.-L. Lai, Y.-L. Li, and C.-P. Liu, “Enhancement of green emission from InGaN/GaN multiple quantum wells via coupling to surface plasmons in a two-dimensional silver array,” Adv. Funct. Mater.21(24), 4719–4723 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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Z. Hao, J. Zhang, X. Zhang, X. Sun, Y. Luo, S. Lu, and X.-J. Wang, “White light emitting diode by using alpha-Ca2P2O7:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(26), 261113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Lü, X.

X. Lü, W. Shu, Q. Fang, Q. Yu, and X. Xiong, “Roles of doping ions in persistent luminescence of SrAl2O4:Eu2+, RE3+ phosphors,” J. Mater. Sci.42(15), 6240–6245 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Luo, L.

W.-J. Yang, L. Luo, T.-M. Chen, and N.-S. Wang, “Luminescence and energy transfer of Eu- and Mn-coactivated CaAl2Si2O8 as a potential phosphor for white-light UVLED,” Chem. Mater.17(15), 3883–3888 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Y.

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, X. Zhang, X. Sun, Y. Luo, S. Lu, and X.-J. Wang, “White light emitting diode by using alpha-Ca2P2O7:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(26), 261113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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F. Xiao, Y. N. Xue, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Ba2Ca(B3O6)2:Eu2+,Mn2+: A potential tunable blue-white-red phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Physica B405(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Ye, F. Xiao, Y. X. Pan, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Phosphors in phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes: Recent advances in materials, techniques and properties,” Mater. Sci. Eng. Rep.71(1), 1–34 (2010).
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E. Rangel, E. Matioli, Y.-S. Choi, C. Weisbuch, J. S. Speck, and E. L. Hu, “Directionality control through selective excitation of low-order guided modes in thin-film InGaN photonic crystal light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(8), 081104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Matioli, S. Brinkley, K. M. Kelchner, S. Nakamura, S. DenBaars, J. Speck, and C. Weisbuch, “Polarized light extraction in m-plane GaN light-emitting diodes by embedded photonic-crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(25), 251112 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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J. S. Kim, P. E. Jeon, J. C. Choi, H. L. Park, S. I. Mho, and G. C. Kim, “Warm-white-light emitting diode utilizing a single-phase full-color Ba3MgSi2O8:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(15), 2931–2933 (2004).
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R. M. Farrell, D. A. Haeger, P. S. Hsu, K. Fujito, D. F. Feezell, S. P. DenBaars, J. S. Speck, and S. Nakamura, “Determination of internal parameters for AlGaN-cladding-free m-plane InGaN/GaN laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(17), 171115 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Matioli, S. Brinkley, K. M. Kelchner, S. Nakamura, S. DenBaars, J. Speck, and C. Weisbuch, “Polarized light extraction in m-plane GaN light-emitting diodes by embedded photonic-crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(25), 251112 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Brinkley, N. Pfaff, K. A. Denault, Z. Zhang, H. T. (Bert) Hintzen, R. Seshadri, S. Nakamura, and S. P. DenBaars, “Robust thermal performance of Sr2Si5N8:Eu2+: An efficient red emitting phosphor for light emitting diode based white lighting,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(24), 241106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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V. Singh, J.-J. Zhu, and V. Natarajan, “Eu2+, Eu3+ and Sm3+ emission in SrAl12O19 phosphors prepared via combustion synthesis,” Phys. Status Solidi A203(8), 2058–2064 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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T. Aitasalo, P. Dereń, J. Hölsä, H. Jungner, M. Lastusaari, J. Niittykoski, and W. Stręk, “Annihilation of the persistent luminescence of MAl2O4:Eu2+ by Sm3+ co-doping,” Radiat. Meas.38(4-6), 515–518 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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S. Nishiura and S. Tanabe, “Preparation and optical properties of Eu2+ and Sm3+ co-doped glass ceramic phosphors emitting white color by violet laser excitation,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn.116(1358), 1096–1099 (2008).
[CrossRef]

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S. Ye, F. Xiao, Y. X. Pan, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Phosphors in phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes: Recent advances in materials, techniques and properties,” Mater. Sci. Eng. Rep.71(1), 1–34 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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J. S. Kim, P. E. Jeon, J. C. Choi, H. L. Park, S. I. Mho, and G. C. Kim, “Warm-white-light emitting diode utilizing a single-phase full-color Ba3MgSi2O8:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(15), 2931–2933 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Kim, P. E. Jeon, Y. H. Park, J. C. Choi, H. L. Park, G. C. Kim, and T. W. Kim, “White-light generation through ultraviolet-emitting diode and white-emitting phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(17), 3696–3698 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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S.-H. Park, D. Ahn, J. Park, and Y.-T. Lee, “Optical properties of staggered InGaN/InGaN/GaN quantum-well structures with Ga- and N-faces,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.50(7), 072101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Park, S.-H.

S.-H. Park, D. Ahn, J. Park, and Y.-T. Lee, “Optical properties of staggered InGaN/InGaN/GaN quantum-well structures with Ga- and N-faces,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.50(7), 072101 (2011).
[CrossRef]

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J. S. Kim, P. E. Jeon, Y. H. Park, J. C. Choi, H. L. Park, G. C. Kim, and T. W. Kim, “White-light generation through ultraviolet-emitting diode and white-emitting phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.85(17), 3696–3698 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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C. Zhang, S. Huang, D. Yang, X. Kang, M. Shang, C. Peng, and J. Lin, “Tunable luminescence in Ce3+, Mn2+-codoped calcium fluorapatite through combining emissions and modulation of excitation: a novel strategy to white light emission,” J. Mater. Chem.20(32), 6674–6680 (2010).
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S. E. Brinkley, N. Pfaff, K. A. Denault, Z. Zhang, H. T. (Bert) Hintzen, R. Seshadri, S. Nakamura, and S. P. DenBaars, “Robust thermal performance of Sr2Si5N8:Eu2+: An efficient red emitting phosphor for light emitting diode based white lighting,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(24), 241106 (2011).
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Pralong, V.

M. P. Saradhi, V. Pralong, U. V. Varadaraju, and B. Raveau, “Facile chemical insertion of lithium in Eu0.33Zr2(PO4)3:An elegant approach for tuning the photoluminescence properties,” Chem. Mater.21(9), 1793–1795 (2009).
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E. Rangel, E. Matioli, Y.-S. Choi, C. Weisbuch, J. S. Speck, and E. L. Hu, “Directionality control through selective excitation of low-order guided modes in thin-film InGaN photonic crystal light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(8), 081104 (2011).
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M. P. Saradhi, V. Pralong, U. V. Varadaraju, and B. Raveau, “Facile chemical insertion of lithium in Eu0.33Zr2(PO4)3:An elegant approach for tuning the photoluminescence properties,” Chem. Mater.21(9), 1793–1795 (2009).
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M. P. Saradhi, V. Pralong, U. V. Varadaraju, and B. Raveau, “Facile chemical insertion of lithium in Eu0.33Zr2(PO4)3:An elegant approach for tuning the photoluminescence properties,” Chem. Mater.21(9), 1793–1795 (2009).
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S. E. Brinkley, N. Pfaff, K. A. Denault, Z. Zhang, H. T. (Bert) Hintzen, R. Seshadri, S. Nakamura, and S. P. DenBaars, “Robust thermal performance of Sr2Si5N8:Eu2+: An efficient red emitting phosphor for light emitting diode based white lighting,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(24), 241106 (2011).
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C. Zhang, S. Huang, D. Yang, X. Kang, M. Shang, C. Peng, and J. Lin, “Tunable luminescence in Ce3+, Mn2+-codoped calcium fluorapatite through combining emissions and modulation of excitation: a novel strategy to white light emission,” J. Mater. Chem.20(32), 6674–6680 (2010).
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Sher, C.-W.

Shu, W.

X. Lü, W. Shu, Q. Fang, Q. Yu, and X. Xiong, “Roles of doping ions in persistent luminescence of SrAl2O4:Eu2+, RE3+ phosphors,” J. Mater. Sci.42(15), 6240–6245 (2007).
[CrossRef]

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V. Singh, J.-J. Zhu, and V. Natarajan, “Eu2+, Eu3+ and Sm3+ emission in SrAl12O19 phosphors prepared via combustion synthesis,” Phys. Status Solidi A203(8), 2058–2064 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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X. H. Li, R. Song, Y.-K. Ee, P. Kumnorkaew, J. F. Gilchrist, and N. Tansu, “Light extraction efficiency and radiation patterns of III-Nitride light-emitting diodes with colloidal microlens arrays with various aspect ratios,” IEEE Photonics J.3(3), 489–499 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Song, Y.

N. Guo, Y. Huang, H. You, M. Yang, Y. Song, K. Liu, and Y. Zheng, “Ca9Lu(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+: a potential single-phased white-light-emitting phosphor suitable for white-light-emitting diodes,” Inorg. Chem.49(23), 10907–10913 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Guo, H. You, Y. Song, M. Yang, K. Liu, Y. Zheng, Y. Huang, and H. Zhang, “White-light emission from a single-emitting-component Ca9Gd(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphor,” J. Mater. Chem.20(41), 9061–9067 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Song, G. Jia, M. Yang, Y. Huang, H. You, and H. Zhang, “Sr3Al2O5Cl2:Ce3+,Eu2+: A potential tunable yellow-to-white-emitting phosphor for ultraviolet light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(9), 091902 (2009).
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E. Matioli, S. Brinkley, K. M. Kelchner, S. Nakamura, S. DenBaars, J. Speck, and C. Weisbuch, “Polarized light extraction in m-plane GaN light-emitting diodes by embedded photonic-crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(25), 251112 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Speck, J. S.

R. M. Farrell, D. A. Haeger, P. S. Hsu, K. Fujito, D. F. Feezell, S. P. DenBaars, J. S. Speck, and S. Nakamura, “Determination of internal parameters for AlGaN-cladding-free m-plane InGaN/GaN laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(17), 171115 (2011).
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E. Rangel, E. Matioli, Y.-S. Choi, C. Weisbuch, J. S. Speck, and E. L. Hu, “Directionality control through selective excitation of low-order guided modes in thin-film InGaN photonic crystal light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(8), 081104 (2011).
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T. Aitasalo, P. Dereń, J. Hölsä, H. Jungner, M. Lastusaari, J. Niittykoski, and W. Stręk, “Annihilation of the persistent luminescence of MAl2O4:Eu2+ by Sm3+ co-doping,” Radiat. Meas.38(4-6), 515–518 (2004).
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B. Wang, L. Sun, H. Ju, S. Zhao, D. Deng, H. Wang, and S. Xu, “Sol-gel synthesis of single-phase Ca5MgSi3O12: Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphors for white-light emitting diodes,” Mater. Lett.63(15), 1329–1331 (2009).
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Z. Hao, J. Zhang, X. Zhang, X. Sun, Y. Luo, S. Lu, and X.-J. Wang, “White light emitting diode by using alpha-Ca2P2O7:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(26), 261113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Tanabe, S.

S. Nishiura and S. Tanabe, “Preparation and optical properties of Eu2+ and Sm3+ co-doped glass ceramic phosphors emitting white color by violet laser excitation,” J. Ceram. Soc. Jpn.116(1358), 1096–1099 (2008).
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H. Zhao, G. Liu, J. Zhang, J. D. Poplawsky, V. Dierolf, and N. Tansu, “Approaches for high internal quantum efficiency green InGaN light-emitting diodes with large overlap quantum wells,” Opt. Express19(S4Suppl 4), A991–A1007 (2011).
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X. H. Li, R. Song, Y.-K. Ee, P. Kumnorkaew, J. F. Gilchrist, and N. Tansu, “Light extraction efficiency and radiation patterns of III-Nitride light-emitting diodes with colloidal microlens arrays with various aspect ratios,” IEEE Photonics J.3(3), 489–499 (2011).
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M. P. Saradhi, V. Pralong, U. V. Varadaraju, and B. Raveau, “Facile chemical insertion of lithium in Eu0.33Zr2(PO4)3:An elegant approach for tuning the photoluminescence properties,” Chem. Mater.21(9), 1793–1795 (2009).
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Y. Zhang, L. Wu, M. Ji, B. Wang, Y. Kong, and J. Xu, “Structure and photoluminescence properties of KSr4(BO3)3:Eu3+ red-emitting phosphor,” Opt. Mater. Express2(1), 92–102 (2012).
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B. Wang, L. Sun, H. Ju, S. Zhao, D. Deng, H. Wang, and S. Xu, “Sol-gel synthesis of single-phase Ca5MgSi3O12: Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphors for white-light emitting diodes,” Mater. Lett.63(15), 1329–1331 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C.-H.

Wang, H.

B. Wang, L. Sun, H. Ju, S. Zhao, D. Deng, H. Wang, and S. Xu, “Sol-gel synthesis of single-phase Ca5MgSi3O12: Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphors for white-light emitting diodes,” Mater. Lett.63(15), 1329–1331 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Wang, N.-S.

W.-J. Yang, L. Luo, T.-M. Chen, and N.-S. Wang, “Luminescence and energy transfer of Eu- and Mn-coactivated CaAl2Si2O8 as a potential phosphor for white-light UVLED,” Chem. Mater.17(15), 3883–3888 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.-J.

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, X. Zhang, X. Sun, Y. Luo, S. Lu, and X.-J. Wang, “White light emitting diode by using alpha-Ca2P2O7:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(26), 261113 (2007).
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D. Jia and X.-J. Wang, “Alkali earth sulfide phosphors doped with Eu2+ and Ce3+ for LEDs,” Opt. Mater.30(3), 375–379 (2007).
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E. Rangel, E. Matioli, Y.-S. Choi, C. Weisbuch, J. S. Speck, and E. L. Hu, “Directionality control through selective excitation of low-order guided modes in thin-film InGaN photonic crystal light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(8), 081104 (2011).
[CrossRef]

E. Matioli, S. Brinkley, K. M. Kelchner, S. Nakamura, S. DenBaars, J. Speck, and C. Weisbuch, “Polarized light extraction in m-plane GaN light-emitting diodes by embedded photonic-crystals,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(25), 251112 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Won, Y.-H.

Y.-H. Won, H. S. Jang, W. B. Im, D. Y. Jeon, and J. S. Lee, “Tunable full-color-emitting La0.827Al11.9O19.09:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphor for application to warm white-light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(23), 231909 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wu, L.

Xiao, F.

F. Xiao, Y. N. Xue, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Ba2Ca(B3O6)2:Eu2+,Mn2+: A potential tunable blue-white-red phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Physica B405(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Ye, F. Xiao, Y. X. Pan, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Phosphors in phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes: Recent advances in materials, techniques and properties,” Mater. Sci. Eng. Rep.71(1), 1–34 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Xiao, Y. N. Xue, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Ca2BO3Cl:Ce3+,Eu2+: A potential tunable yellow-white-blue-emitting phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Physica B404(20), 3743–3747 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xiong, X.

X. Lü, W. Shu, Q. Fang, Q. Yu, and X. Xiong, “Roles of doping ions in persistent luminescence of SrAl2O4:Eu2+, RE3+ phosphors,” J. Mater. Sci.42(15), 6240–6245 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

Xu, S.

Z. Cui, R. Ye, D. Deng, Y. Hua, S. Zhao, G. Jia, C. Li, and S. Xu, “Eu2+/Sm3+ ions co-doped white light luminescence SrSiO3 glass-ceramics phosphor for White LED,” J. Alloy. Comp.509(8), 3553–3558 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Wang, L. Sun, H. Ju, S. Zhao, D. Deng, H. Wang, and S. Xu, “Sol-gel synthesis of single-phase Ca5MgSi3O12: Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphors for white-light emitting diodes,” Mater. Lett.63(15), 1329–1331 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Xue, Y. N.

F. Xiao, Y. N. Xue, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Ba2Ca(B3O6)2:Eu2+,Mn2+: A potential tunable blue-white-red phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Physica B405(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Xiao, Y. N. Xue, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Ca2BO3Cl:Ce3+,Eu2+: A potential tunable yellow-white-blue-emitting phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Physica B404(20), 3743–3747 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, D.

C. Zhang, S. Huang, D. Yang, X. Kang, M. Shang, C. Peng, and J. Lin, “Tunable luminescence in Ce3+, Mn2+-codoped calcium fluorapatite through combining emissions and modulation of excitation: a novel strategy to white light emission,” J. Mater. Chem.20(32), 6674–6680 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yang, M.

N. Guo, H. You, Y. Song, M. Yang, K. Liu, Y. Zheng, Y. Huang, and H. Zhang, “White-light emission from a single-emitting-component Ca9Gd(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphor,” J. Mater. Chem.20(41), 9061–9067 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Guo, Y. Huang, H. You, M. Yang, Y. Song, K. Liu, and Y. Zheng, “Ca9Lu(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+: a potential single-phased white-light-emitting phosphor suitable for white-light-emitting diodes,” Inorg. Chem.49(23), 10907–10913 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Song, G. Jia, M. Yang, Y. Huang, H. You, and H. Zhang, “Sr3Al2O5Cl2:Ce3+,Eu2+: A potential tunable yellow-to-white-emitting phosphor for ultraviolet light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(9), 091902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yang, W.-J.

W.-J. Yang and T.-M. Chen, “Ce3+/Eu2+ codoped Ba2ZnS3: A blue radiation-converting phosphor for white light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(17), 171908 (2007).
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W.-J. Yang and T.-M. Chen, “White-light generation and energy transfer in SrZn2(PO4)2:Eu,Mn phosphor for ultraviolet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(10), 101903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W.-J. Yang, L. Luo, T.-M. Chen, and N.-S. Wang, “Luminescence and energy transfer of Eu- and Mn-coactivated CaAl2Si2O8 as a potential phosphor for white-light UVLED,” Chem. Mater.17(15), 3883–3888 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ye, R.

Z. Cui, R. Ye, D. Deng, Y. Hua, S. Zhao, G. Jia, C. Li, and S. Xu, “Eu2+/Sm3+ ions co-doped white light luminescence SrSiO3 glass-ceramics phosphor for White LED,” J. Alloy. Comp.509(8), 3553–3558 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Ye, S.

S. Ye, F. Xiao, Y. X. Pan, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Phosphors in phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes: Recent advances in materials, techniques and properties,” Mater. Sci. Eng. Rep.71(1), 1–34 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, C.-C.

Yeh, Y.-T.

C.-H. Huang, T.-M. Chen, W.-R. Liu, Y.-C. Chiu, Y.-T. Yeh, and S.-M. Jang, “A single-phased emission-tunable phosphor Ca9Y(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ with efficient energy transfer for white-light-emitting diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces2(1), 259–264 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Yoo, H. S.

K. H. Kwon, W. B. Im, H. S. Jang, H. S. Yoo, and D. Y. Jeon, “Luminescence properties and energy transfer of site-sensitive Ca6-x-yMgx-z(PO4)4:Euy2+,Mnz2+ phosphors and their application to near-UV LED-based white LEDs,” Inorg. Chem.48(24), 11525–11532 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

You, H.

N. Guo, H. You, Y. Song, M. Yang, K. Liu, Y. Zheng, Y. Huang, and H. Zhang, “White-light emission from a single-emitting-component Ca9Gd(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphor,” J. Mater. Chem.20(41), 9061–9067 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Guo, Y. Huang, H. You, M. Yang, Y. Song, K. Liu, and Y. Zheng, “Ca9Lu(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+: a potential single-phased white-light-emitting phosphor suitable for white-light-emitting diodes,” Inorg. Chem.49(23), 10907–10913 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Song, G. Jia, M. Yang, Y. Huang, H. You, and H. Zhang, “Sr3Al2O5Cl2:Ce3+,Eu2+: A potential tunable yellow-to-white-emitting phosphor for ultraviolet light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(9), 091902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Yu, Q.

X. Lü, W. Shu, Q. Fang, Q. Yu, and X. Xiong, “Roles of doping ions in persistent luminescence of SrAl2O4:Eu2+, RE3+ phosphors,” J. Mater. Sci.42(15), 6240–6245 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

C. Zhang, S. Huang, D. Yang, X. Kang, M. Shang, C. Peng, and J. Lin, “Tunable luminescence in Ce3+, Mn2+-codoped calcium fluorapatite through combining emissions and modulation of excitation: a novel strategy to white light emission,” J. Mater. Chem.20(32), 6674–6680 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, H.

N. Guo, H. You, Y. Song, M. Yang, K. Liu, Y. Zheng, Y. Huang, and H. Zhang, “White-light emission from a single-emitting-component Ca9Gd(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphor,” J. Mater. Chem.20(41), 9061–9067 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Y. Song, G. Jia, M. Yang, Y. Huang, H. You, and H. Zhang, “Sr3Al2O5Cl2:Ce3+,Eu2+: A potential tunable yellow-to-white-emitting phosphor for ultraviolet light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(9), 091902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J.

H. Zhao, J. Zhang, G. Liu, and N. Tansu, “Surface plasmon dispersion engineering via double-metallic Au/Ag layers for III-nitride based light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(15), 151115 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, H. Zhao, and N. Tansu, “Large optical gain AlGaN-delta-GaN quantum wells laser active regions in mid- and deep-ultraviolet spectral regimes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(17), 171111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang and N. Tansu, “Improvement in spontaneous emission rates for InGaN quantum wells on ternary InGaN substrate for light-emitting diodes,” J. Appl. Phys.110(11), 113110 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. Zhao, G. Liu, J. Zhang, J. D. Poplawsky, V. Dierolf, and N. Tansu, “Approaches for high internal quantum efficiency green InGaN light-emitting diodes with large overlap quantum wells,” Opt. Express19(S4Suppl 4), A991–A1007 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, X. Zhang, X. Sun, Y. Luo, S. Lu, and X.-J. Wang, “White light emitting diode by using alpha-Ca2P2O7:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(26), 261113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Q. Y.

F. Xiao, Y. N. Xue, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Ba2Ca(B3O6)2:Eu2+,Mn2+: A potential tunable blue-white-red phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Physica B405(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef]

S. Ye, F. Xiao, Y. X. Pan, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Phosphors in phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes: Recent advances in materials, techniques and properties,” Mater. Sci. Eng. Rep.71(1), 1–34 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Xiao, Y. N. Xue, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Ca2BO3Cl:Ce3+,Eu2+: A potential tunable yellow-white-blue-emitting phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Physica B404(20), 3743–3747 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, X.

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, X. Zhang, X. Sun, Y. Luo, S. Lu, and X.-J. Wang, “White light emitting diode by using alpha-Ca2P2O7:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(26), 261113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Y.

Zhang, Z.

S. E. Brinkley, N. Pfaff, K. A. Denault, Z. Zhang, H. T. (Bert) Hintzen, R. Seshadri, S. Nakamura, and S. P. DenBaars, “Robust thermal performance of Sr2Si5N8:Eu2+: An efficient red emitting phosphor for light emitting diode based white lighting,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(24), 241106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, H.

H. Zhao, G. Liu, J. Zhang, J. D. Poplawsky, V. Dierolf, and N. Tansu, “Approaches for high internal quantum efficiency green InGaN light-emitting diodes with large overlap quantum wells,” Opt. Express19(S4Suppl 4), A991–A1007 (2011).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Zhao, J. Zhang, G. Liu, and N. Tansu, “Surface plasmon dispersion engineering via double-metallic Au/Ag layers for III-nitride based light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(15), 151115 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, H. Zhao, and N. Tansu, “Large optical gain AlGaN-delta-GaN quantum wells laser active regions in mid- and deep-ultraviolet spectral regimes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(17), 171111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, S.

Z. Cui, R. Ye, D. Deng, Y. Hua, S. Zhao, G. Jia, C. Li, and S. Xu, “Eu2+/Sm3+ ions co-doped white light luminescence SrSiO3 glass-ceramics phosphor for White LED,” J. Alloy. Comp.509(8), 3553–3558 (2011).
[CrossRef]

B. Wang, L. Sun, H. Ju, S. Zhao, D. Deng, H. Wang, and S. Xu, “Sol-gel synthesis of single-phase Ca5MgSi3O12: Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphors for white-light emitting diodes,” Mater. Lett.63(15), 1329–1331 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Y.

N. Guo, Y. Huang, H. You, M. Yang, Y. Song, K. Liu, and Y. Zheng, “Ca9Lu(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+: a potential single-phased white-light-emitting phosphor suitable for white-light-emitting diodes,” Inorg. Chem.49(23), 10907–10913 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Guo, H. You, Y. Song, M. Yang, K. Liu, Y. Zheng, Y. Huang, and H. Zhang, “White-light emission from a single-emitting-component Ca9Gd(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphor,” J. Mater. Chem.20(41), 9061–9067 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, J.-J.

V. Singh, J.-J. Zhu, and V. Natarajan, “Eu2+, Eu3+ and Sm3+ emission in SrAl12O19 phosphors prepared via combustion synthesis,” Phys. Status Solidi A203(8), 2058–2064 (2006).
[CrossRef]

ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces (2)

C.-H. Huang, T.-M. Chen, W.-R. Liu, Y.-C. Chiu, Y.-T. Yeh, and S.-M. Jang, “A single-phased emission-tunable phosphor Ca9Y(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ with efficient energy transfer for white-light-emitting diodes,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces2(1), 259–264 (2010).
[CrossRef]

C.-H. Huang, T.-W. Kuo, and T.-M. Chen, “Novel red-emitting phosphor Ca9Y(PO4)7:Ce3+,Mn2+ with energy transfer for fluorescent lamp application,” ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces2(5), 1395–1399 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

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H. Zhao, J. Zhang, G. Liu, and N. Tansu, “Surface plasmon dispersion engineering via double-metallic Au/Ag layers for III-nitride based light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(15), 151115 (2011).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Brinkley, N. Pfaff, K. A. Denault, Z. Zhang, H. T. (Bert) Hintzen, R. Seshadri, S. Nakamura, and S. P. DenBaars, “Robust thermal performance of Sr2Si5N8:Eu2+: An efficient red emitting phosphor for light emitting diode based white lighting,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(24), 241106 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Zhang, H. Zhao, and N. Tansu, “Large optical gain AlGaN-delta-GaN quantum wells laser active regions in mid- and deep-ultraviolet spectral regimes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.98(17), 171111 (2011).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Farrell, D. A. Haeger, P. S. Hsu, K. Fujito, D. F. Feezell, S. P. DenBaars, J. S. Speck, and S. Nakamura, “Determination of internal parameters for AlGaN-cladding-free m-plane InGaN/GaN laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.99(17), 171115 (2011).
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C.-K. Chang and T.-M. Chen, “Sr3B2O6:Ce3+,Eu2+: A potential single-phased white-emitting borate phosphor for ultraviolet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.91(8), 081902 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Kim, P. E. Jeon, J. C. Choi, H. L. Park, S. I. Mho, and G. C. Kim, “Warm-white-light emitting diode utilizing a single-phase full-color Ba3MgSi2O8:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.84(15), 2931–2933 (2004).
[CrossRef]

W.-J. Yang and T.-M. Chen, “White-light generation and energy transfer in SrZn2(PO4)2:Eu,Mn phosphor for ultraviolet light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.88(10), 101903 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y.-H. Won, H. S. Jang, W. B. Im, D. Y. Jeon, and J. S. Lee, “Tunable full-color-emitting La0.827Al11.9O19.09:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphor for application to warm white-light-emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.89(23), 231909 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Z. Hao, J. Zhang, X. Zhang, X. Sun, Y. Luo, S. Lu, and X.-J. Wang, “White light emitting diode by using alpha-Ca2P2O7:Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphor,” Appl. Phys. Lett.90(26), 261113 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Y. Song, G. Jia, M. Yang, Y. Huang, H. You, and H. Zhang, “Sr3Al2O5Cl2:Ce3+,Eu2+: A potential tunable yellow-to-white-emitting phosphor for ultraviolet light emitting diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(9), 091902 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater. (3)

M. P. Saradhi, V. Pralong, U. V. Varadaraju, and B. Raveau, “Facile chemical insertion of lithium in Eu0.33Zr2(PO4)3:An elegant approach for tuning the photoluminescence properties,” Chem. Mater.21(9), 1793–1795 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Inorg. Chem. (2)

K. H. Kwon, W. B. Im, H. S. Jang, H. S. Yoo, and D. Y. Jeon, “Luminescence properties and energy transfer of site-sensitive Ca6-x-yMgx-z(PO4)4:Euy2+,Mnz2+ phosphors and their application to near-UV LED-based white LEDs,” Inorg. Chem.48(24), 11525–11532 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Guo, Y. Huang, H. You, M. Yang, Y. Song, K. Liu, and Y. Zheng, “Ca9Lu(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+: a potential single-phased white-light-emitting phosphor suitable for white-light-emitting diodes,” Inorg. Chem.49(23), 10907–10913 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Alloy. Comp. (1)

Z. Cui, R. Ye, D. Deng, Y. Hua, S. Zhao, G. Jia, C. Li, and S. Xu, “Eu2+/Sm3+ ions co-doped white light luminescence SrSiO3 glass-ceramics phosphor for White LED,” J. Alloy. Comp.509(8), 3553–3558 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. Zhang and N. Tansu, “Improvement in spontaneous emission rates for InGaN quantum wells on ternary InGaN substrate for light-emitting diodes,” J. Appl. Phys.110(11), 113110 (2011).
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[CrossRef]

N. Guo, H. You, Y. Song, M. Yang, K. Liu, Y. Zheng, Y. Huang, and H. Zhang, “White-light emission from a single-emitting-component Ca9Gd(PO4)7:Eu2+,Mn2+ phosphor,” J. Mater. Chem.20(41), 9061–9067 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Sci. (1)

X. Lü, W. Shu, Q. Fang, Q. Yu, and X. Xiong, “Roles of doping ions in persistent luminescence of SrAl2O4:Eu2+, RE3+ phosphors,” J. Mater. Sci.42(15), 6240–6245 (2007).
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Mater. Lett. (1)

B. Wang, L. Sun, H. Ju, S. Zhao, D. Deng, H. Wang, and S. Xu, “Sol-gel synthesis of single-phase Ca5MgSi3O12: Eu2+, Mn2+ phosphors for white-light emitting diodes,” Mater. Lett.63(15), 1329–1331 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Sci. Eng. Rep. (1)

S. Ye, F. Xiao, Y. X. Pan, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Phosphors in phosphor-converted white light-emitting diodes: Recent advances in materials, techniques and properties,” Mater. Sci. Eng. Rep.71(1), 1–34 (2010).
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F. Xiao, Y. N. Xue, Y. Y. Ma, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Ba2Ca(B3O6)2:Eu2+,Mn2+: A potential tunable blue-white-red phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Physica B405(3), 891–895 (2010).
[CrossRef]

F. Xiao, Y. N. Xue, and Q. Y. Zhang, “Ca2BO3Cl:Ce3+,Eu2+: A potential tunable yellow-white-blue-emitting phosphors for white light-emitting diodes,” Physica B404(20), 3743–3747 (2009).
[CrossRef]

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T. Aitasalo, P. Dereń, J. Hölsä, H. Jungner, M. Lastusaari, J. Niittykoski, and W. Stręk, “Annihilation of the persistent luminescence of MAl2O4:Eu2+ by Sm3+ co-doping,” Radiat. Meas.38(4-6), 515–518 (2004).
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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

PXRD patterns of CYPO with and without Eu/Sm doped that were annealed in different atmospheres.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

PL excitation and emission spectra of (a) and (b) CYPO:Eu; (c) and (d) CYPO:Sm that were annealed in different atmospheres.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

DR spectra of CYPO with and without Sm/Eu doped that were annealed in different atmospheres.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) PL emission spectra and, (b) CIE coordinates of CYPO:x%Eu, y%Sm as a function of x/y ratio.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) PL decay data of Eu2+ as a function of Sm3+ concentration and, (b) PL decay data of Sm3+ as a function of Eu2+ concentration.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Plots of PL intensity of Eu2+ in CYPO:(x = 1.0%)Eu, y%Sm as a function of Sm3+ concentration: (a) follow Eq. (2); and follow Eq. (3) with (b) n = 6, (c) n = 8, and (d) n = 10.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Plots of PL intensity of Sm3+ in CYPO:x%Eu, (y = 0.5%)Sm as a function of Eu2+ concentration: (a) follow Eq. (2); and follow Eq. (3) with (b) n = 6, (c) n = 8, and (d) n = 10.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Lattice Parameters of CYPO:x%Eu, y%Sm That Were Annealed in Different Atmospheres

Tables Icon

Table 2 Average Separation REu-Sm Between Eu2+ and Sm3+ Ions in CYPO: x%Eu, y%Sm Phosphors

Equations (4)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

I t = I 0 exp(t/τ),
ln( I D0 /I D ) C A ,
I D0 / I D C A n/3 ,
R EuSm =2 [ 3V 4π(x+y)N ] 1/3 ,

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