Abstract

Glasses embedded with silver nanoparticles (NPs) have attractive properties because their optical properties can be adjusted by varying the size, shape, and packing density of the particles. Pulsed laser processing of such composite glasses is a promising approach in glass engineering. In this study, the growth of silver NPs in silver-exchanged soda-lime glasses by ultraviolet (UV) continuous wave (cw) laser irradiation is demonstrated. Highly concentrated NPs of large diameters (roughly 100 nm) are spread over several micrometers near the exposed area. Bleaching of these NPs is observed in the case of intense exposure and results in the imprints of the glass surface with nanoholes, together with the concomitant formation of ripples of a 150 nm period, at the edge of the laser spot. Therefore, cw UV laser processing of silver-exchanged glass leads to the growth of large NPs, unlike more commonly used pulsed lasers, and allows for the periodical patterning of the glass surface with ripples and nanoholes.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Stalmashonak, A. Podlipensky, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Intensity-driven, laser induced transformation of Ag nanospheres to anisotropic shapes,” Appl. Phys. B94(3), 459–465 (2009).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. Seifert, A. Stalmashonak, H. Hofmeister, J. Haug, and M. Dubiel, “Laser-induced, polarization dependent shape transformation of Au/Ag nanoparticles in glass,” Nanoscale Res. Lett.4(11), 1380–1383 (2009).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Stalmashonak, C. Matyssek, O. Kiriyenko, W. Hergert, H. Graener, and G. Seifert, “Preparing large-aspect-ratio prolate metal nanoparticles in glass by simultaneous femtosecond multicolor irradiation,” Opt. Lett.35(10), 1671–1673 (2010).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  21. A. Abdolvand, A. Podlipensky, S. Matthias, F. Syrowatka, U. Gösele, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Metallodielectric two-dimensional photonic structures made by electric-field microstructuring of nanocomposite glasses,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)17(24), 2983–2987 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  22. A. A. Lipovskii, M. Kuittinen, P. Karvinen, K. Leinonen, V. G. Melehin, V. V. Zhurikhina, and Y. P. Svirko, “Electric field imprinting of sub-micron patterns in glass-metal nanocomposites,” Nanotechnology19(41), 415304 (2008).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. E. Cattaruzza, F. Gonella, S. Ali, V. Bello, and T. Cesca, “A solid-state route for the synthesis of metal nanocluster composite glasses,” Solid State Phenom.151, 252–258 (2009).
    [CrossRef]

2011 (2)

2010 (1)

2009 (7)

E. Cattaruzza, F. Gonella, S. Ali, V. Bello, and T. Cesca, “A solid-state route for the synthesis of metal nanocluster composite glasses,” Solid State Phenom.151, 252–258 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Stalmashonak, G. Seifert, A. Unal, U. Skrzypczak, A. Podlipensky, A. Abdolvand, and H. Graener, “Towards the production of micro-polarizers by irradiation of composite glasses with silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Opt.48(25), F37–F43 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Stalmashonak, H. Graener, and G. Seifert, “Transformation of silver nanospheres embedded in glass to nanodisks using circularly polarized femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(19), 193111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Stalmashonak, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Spectral range extension of laser-induced dichroism in composite glass with silver nanoparticles,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.11(6), 065001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Stalmashonak, A. Podlipensky, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Intensity-driven, laser induced transformation of Ag nanospheres to anisotropic shapes,” Appl. Phys. B94(3), 459–465 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Seifert, A. Stalmashonak, H. Hofmeister, J. Haug, and M. Dubiel, “Laser-induced, polarization dependent shape transformation of Au/Ag nanoparticles in glass,” Nanoscale Res. Lett.4(11), 1380–1383 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Goutaland, E. Marin, J. Y. Michalon, and A. Boukenter, “Growth of silver nanoparticles of variable and controlled diameter in silica-based and soda-lime glasses by simultaneous continuous ultraviolet irradiation and heat treatment,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(18), 181108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

2008 (1)

A. A. Lipovskii, M. Kuittinen, P. Karvinen, K. Leinonen, V. G. Melehin, V. V. Zhurikhina, and Y. P. Svirko, “Electric field imprinting of sub-micron patterns in glass-metal nanocomposites,” Nanotechnology19(41), 415304 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

A. Abdolvand, A. Podlipensky, G. Seifert, H. Graener, O. Deparis, and P. G. Kazansky, “Electric field-assisted formation of percolated silver nanolayers inside glass,” Opt. Express13(4), 1266–1274 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Abdolvand, A. Podlipensky, S. Matthias, F. Syrowatka, U. Gösele, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Metallodielectric two-dimensional photonic structures made by electric-field microstructuring of nanocomposite glasses,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)17(24), 2983–2987 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

A. Podlipensky, A. Abdolvand, G. Seifert, H. Graener, O. Deparis, and P. G. Kazansky, “Dissolution of silver nanoparticles in glass through an intense DC electric field,” J. Phys. Chem. B108(46), 17699–17702 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

I. Antonov, F. Bass, Y. Kaganovskii, M. Rosenbluh, and A. Lipovskii, “Fabrication of microlenses in Ag-doped glasses by a focused continuous wave laser beam,” J. Appl. Phys.93(5), 2343–2348 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

S. Chen, T. Akai, K. Kadono, and T. Yazawa, “A silver-containing halogen-free inorganic photochromic glass,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (20): 2090–2091 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Kaganovskii, I. Antonov, F. Bass, M. Rosenbluh, and A. Lipovskii, “Mechanism of microlens formation in quantum dot glasses under continuous-wave laser irradiation,” J. Appl. Phys.89(12), 8273–8278 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

M. Kaempfe, T. Rainer, K. J. Berg, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Ultrashort laser pulse induced deformation of silver nanoparticles in glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(9), 1200–1202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

F. Gonella, G. Mattei, P. Mazzoldi, E. Cattaruzza, G. W. Arnold, G. Battaglin, P. Calvelli, R. Polloni, R. Bertoncello, and R. F. Haglund, “Interaction of high‐power laser light with silver nanocluster composite glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.69(20), 3101–3103 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

M. Bolle and S. Lazare, “Submicron periodic structure produced on polymer surfaces with polarized excimer laser ultraviolet-radiation,” Appl. Surf. Sci.65-66, 349–354 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1969 (1)

U. Kreibig and C. V. Fragstein, “The limitation of electron mean free path in small silver particles,” Z. Phys.244, 307–323 (1969).

1965 (1)

M. Birnbaum, “Semiconductor surface damage produced by ruby lasers,” J. Appl. Phys.36(11), 3688–3689 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Abdolvand, A.

A. Stalmashonak, G. Seifert, A. Unal, U. Skrzypczak, A. Podlipensky, A. Abdolvand, and H. Graener, “Towards the production of micro-polarizers by irradiation of composite glasses with silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Opt.48(25), F37–F43 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Abdolvand, A. Podlipensky, G. Seifert, H. Graener, O. Deparis, and P. G. Kazansky, “Electric field-assisted formation of percolated silver nanolayers inside glass,” Opt. Express13(4), 1266–1274 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Abdolvand, A. Podlipensky, S. Matthias, F. Syrowatka, U. Gösele, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Metallodielectric two-dimensional photonic structures made by electric-field microstructuring of nanocomposite glasses,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)17(24), 2983–2987 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Podlipensky, A. Abdolvand, G. Seifert, H. Graener, O. Deparis, and P. G. Kazansky, “Dissolution of silver nanoparticles in glass through an intense DC electric field,” J. Phys. Chem. B108(46), 17699–17702 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Akai, T.

S. Chen, T. Akai, K. Kadono, and T. Yazawa, “A silver-containing halogen-free inorganic photochromic glass,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (20): 2090–2091 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ali, S.

E. Cattaruzza, F. Gonella, S. Ali, V. Bello, and T. Cesca, “A solid-state route for the synthesis of metal nanocluster composite glasses,” Solid State Phenom.151, 252–258 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Antonov, I.

I. Antonov, F. Bass, Y. Kaganovskii, M. Rosenbluh, and A. Lipovskii, “Fabrication of microlenses in Ag-doped glasses by a focused continuous wave laser beam,” J. Appl. Phys.93(5), 2343–2348 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kaganovskii, I. Antonov, F. Bass, M. Rosenbluh, and A. Lipovskii, “Mechanism of microlens formation in quantum dot glasses under continuous-wave laser irradiation,” J. Appl. Phys.89(12), 8273–8278 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Arnold, G. W.

F. Gonella, G. Mattei, P. Mazzoldi, E. Cattaruzza, G. W. Arnold, G. Battaglin, P. Calvelli, R. Polloni, R. Bertoncello, and R. F. Haglund, “Interaction of high‐power laser light with silver nanocluster composite glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.69(20), 3101–3103 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bass, F.

I. Antonov, F. Bass, Y. Kaganovskii, M. Rosenbluh, and A. Lipovskii, “Fabrication of microlenses in Ag-doped glasses by a focused continuous wave laser beam,” J. Appl. Phys.93(5), 2343–2348 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kaganovskii, I. Antonov, F. Bass, M. Rosenbluh, and A. Lipovskii, “Mechanism of microlens formation in quantum dot glasses under continuous-wave laser irradiation,” J. Appl. Phys.89(12), 8273–8278 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Battaglin, G.

F. Gonella, G. Mattei, P. Mazzoldi, E. Cattaruzza, G. W. Arnold, G. Battaglin, P. Calvelli, R. Polloni, R. Bertoncello, and R. F. Haglund, “Interaction of high‐power laser light with silver nanocluster composite glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.69(20), 3101–3103 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bello, V.

E. Cattaruzza, F. Gonella, S. Ali, V. Bello, and T. Cesca, “A solid-state route for the synthesis of metal nanocluster composite glasses,” Solid State Phenom.151, 252–258 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Berg, K. J.

M. Kaempfe, T. Rainer, K. J. Berg, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Ultrashort laser pulse induced deformation of silver nanoparticles in glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(9), 1200–1202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bertoncello, R.

F. Gonella, G. Mattei, P. Mazzoldi, E. Cattaruzza, G. W. Arnold, G. Battaglin, P. Calvelli, R. Polloni, R. Bertoncello, and R. F. Haglund, “Interaction of high‐power laser light with silver nanocluster composite glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.69(20), 3101–3103 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Birnbaum, M.

M. Birnbaum, “Semiconductor surface damage produced by ruby lasers,” J. Appl. Phys.36(11), 3688–3689 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Bolle, M.

M. Bolle and S. Lazare, “Submicron periodic structure produced on polymer surfaces with polarized excimer laser ultraviolet-radiation,” Appl. Surf. Sci.65-66, 349–354 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Boukenter, A.

F. Goutaland, E. Marin, J. Y. Michalon, and A. Boukenter, “Growth of silver nanoparticles of variable and controlled diameter in silica-based and soda-lime glasses by simultaneous continuous ultraviolet irradiation and heat treatment,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(18), 181108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Bounhalli, M.

Calvelli, P.

F. Gonella, G. Mattei, P. Mazzoldi, E. Cattaruzza, G. W. Arnold, G. Battaglin, P. Calvelli, R. Polloni, R. Bertoncello, and R. F. Haglund, “Interaction of high‐power laser light with silver nanocluster composite glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.69(20), 3101–3103 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cattaruzza, E.

E. Cattaruzza, F. Gonella, S. Ali, V. Bello, and T. Cesca, “A solid-state route for the synthesis of metal nanocluster composite glasses,” Solid State Phenom.151, 252–258 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Gonella, G. Mattei, P. Mazzoldi, E. Cattaruzza, G. W. Arnold, G. Battaglin, P. Calvelli, R. Polloni, R. Bertoncello, and R. F. Haglund, “Interaction of high‐power laser light with silver nanocluster composite glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.69(20), 3101–3103 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cesca, T.

E. Cattaruzza, F. Gonella, S. Ali, V. Bello, and T. Cesca, “A solid-state route for the synthesis of metal nanocluster composite glasses,” Solid State Phenom.151, 252–258 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S.

S. Chen, T. Akai, K. Kadono, and T. Yazawa, “A silver-containing halogen-free inorganic photochromic glass,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (20): 2090–2091 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Colombier, J. P.

Deparis, O.

A. Abdolvand, A. Podlipensky, G. Seifert, H. Graener, O. Deparis, and P. G. Kazansky, “Electric field-assisted formation of percolated silver nanolayers inside glass,” Opt. Express13(4), 1266–1274 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Podlipensky, A. Abdolvand, G. Seifert, H. Graener, O. Deparis, and P. G. Kazansky, “Dissolution of silver nanoparticles in glass through an intense DC electric field,” J. Phys. Chem. B108(46), 17699–17702 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dubiel, M.

G. Seifert, A. Stalmashonak, H. Hofmeister, J. Haug, and M. Dubiel, “Laser-induced, polarization dependent shape transformation of Au/Ag nanoparticles in glass,” Nanoscale Res. Lett.4(11), 1380–1383 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Faure, N.

Fragstein, C. V.

U. Kreibig and C. V. Fragstein, “The limitation of electron mean free path in small silver particles,” Z. Phys.244, 307–323 (1969).

Garrelie, F.

Gonella, F.

E. Cattaruzza, F. Gonella, S. Ali, V. Bello, and T. Cesca, “A solid-state route for the synthesis of metal nanocluster composite glasses,” Solid State Phenom.151, 252–258 (2009).
[CrossRef]

F. Gonella, G. Mattei, P. Mazzoldi, E. Cattaruzza, G. W. Arnold, G. Battaglin, P. Calvelli, R. Polloni, R. Bertoncello, and R. F. Haglund, “Interaction of high‐power laser light with silver nanocluster composite glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.69(20), 3101–3103 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gösele, U.

A. Abdolvand, A. Podlipensky, S. Matthias, F. Syrowatka, U. Gösele, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Metallodielectric two-dimensional photonic structures made by electric-field microstructuring of nanocomposite glasses,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)17(24), 2983–2987 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Goutaland, F.

F. Goutaland, E. Marin, J. Y. Michalon, and A. Boukenter, “Growth of silver nanoparticles of variable and controlled diameter in silica-based and soda-lime glasses by simultaneous continuous ultraviolet irradiation and heat treatment,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(18), 181108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Graener, H.

A. Stalmashonak, C. Matyssek, O. Kiriyenko, W. Hergert, H. Graener, and G. Seifert, “Preparing large-aspect-ratio prolate metal nanoparticles in glass by simultaneous femtosecond multicolor irradiation,” Opt. Lett.35(10), 1671–1673 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Stalmashonak, A. Podlipensky, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Intensity-driven, laser induced transformation of Ag nanospheres to anisotropic shapes,” Appl. Phys. B94(3), 459–465 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Stalmashonak, G. Seifert, A. Unal, U. Skrzypczak, A. Podlipensky, A. Abdolvand, and H. Graener, “Towards the production of micro-polarizers by irradiation of composite glasses with silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Opt.48(25), F37–F43 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Stalmashonak, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Spectral range extension of laser-induced dichroism in composite glass with silver nanoparticles,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.11(6), 065001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Stalmashonak, H. Graener, and G. Seifert, “Transformation of silver nanospheres embedded in glass to nanodisks using circularly polarized femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(19), 193111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Abdolvand, A. Podlipensky, G. Seifert, H. Graener, O. Deparis, and P. G. Kazansky, “Electric field-assisted formation of percolated silver nanolayers inside glass,” Opt. Express13(4), 1266–1274 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Abdolvand, A. Podlipensky, S. Matthias, F. Syrowatka, U. Gösele, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Metallodielectric two-dimensional photonic structures made by electric-field microstructuring of nanocomposite glasses,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)17(24), 2983–2987 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Podlipensky, A. Abdolvand, G. Seifert, H. Graener, O. Deparis, and P. G. Kazansky, “Dissolution of silver nanoparticles in glass through an intense DC electric field,” J. Phys. Chem. B108(46), 17699–17702 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Kaempfe, T. Rainer, K. J. Berg, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Ultrashort laser pulse induced deformation of silver nanoparticles in glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(9), 1200–1202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Haglund, R. F.

F. Gonella, G. Mattei, P. Mazzoldi, E. Cattaruzza, G. W. Arnold, G. Battaglin, P. Calvelli, R. Polloni, R. Bertoncello, and R. F. Haglund, “Interaction of high‐power laser light with silver nanocluster composite glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.69(20), 3101–3103 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Haug, J.

G. Seifert, A. Stalmashonak, H. Hofmeister, J. Haug, and M. Dubiel, “Laser-induced, polarization dependent shape transformation of Au/Ag nanoparticles in glass,” Nanoscale Res. Lett.4(11), 1380–1383 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hergert, W.

Hofmeister, H.

G. Seifert, A. Stalmashonak, H. Hofmeister, J. Haug, and M. Dubiel, “Laser-induced, polarization dependent shape transformation of Au/Ag nanoparticles in glass,” Nanoscale Res. Lett.4(11), 1380–1383 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kadono, K.

S. Chen, T. Akai, K. Kadono, and T. Yazawa, “A silver-containing halogen-free inorganic photochromic glass,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (20): 2090–2091 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaempfe, M.

M. Kaempfe, T. Rainer, K. J. Berg, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Ultrashort laser pulse induced deformation of silver nanoparticles in glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(9), 1200–1202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kaganovskii, Y.

I. Antonov, F. Bass, Y. Kaganovskii, M. Rosenbluh, and A. Lipovskii, “Fabrication of microlenses in Ag-doped glasses by a focused continuous wave laser beam,” J. Appl. Phys.93(5), 2343–2348 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kaganovskii, I. Antonov, F. Bass, M. Rosenbluh, and A. Lipovskii, “Mechanism of microlens formation in quantum dot glasses under continuous-wave laser irradiation,” J. Appl. Phys.89(12), 8273–8278 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Karvinen, P.

A. A. Lipovskii, M. Kuittinen, P. Karvinen, K. Leinonen, V. G. Melehin, V. V. Zhurikhina, and Y. P. Svirko, “Electric field imprinting of sub-micron patterns in glass-metal nanocomposites,” Nanotechnology19(41), 415304 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kazansky, P. G.

A. Abdolvand, A. Podlipensky, G. Seifert, H. Graener, O. Deparis, and P. G. Kazansky, “Electric field-assisted formation of percolated silver nanolayers inside glass,” Opt. Express13(4), 1266–1274 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Podlipensky, A. Abdolvand, G. Seifert, H. Graener, O. Deparis, and P. G. Kazansky, “Dissolution of silver nanoparticles in glass through an intense DC electric field,” J. Phys. Chem. B108(46), 17699–17702 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kiriyenko, O.

Kreibig, U.

U. Kreibig and C. V. Fragstein, “The limitation of electron mean free path in small silver particles,” Z. Phys.244, 307–323 (1969).

Kuittinen, M.

A. A. Lipovskii, M. Kuittinen, P. Karvinen, K. Leinonen, V. G. Melehin, V. V. Zhurikhina, and Y. P. Svirko, “Electric field imprinting of sub-micron patterns in glass-metal nanocomposites,” Nanotechnology19(41), 415304 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lazare, S.

M. Bolle and S. Lazare, “Submicron periodic structure produced on polymer surfaces with polarized excimer laser ultraviolet-radiation,” Appl. Surf. Sci.65-66, 349–354 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Leinonen, K.

A. A. Lipovskii, M. Kuittinen, P. Karvinen, K. Leinonen, V. G. Melehin, V. V. Zhurikhina, and Y. P. Svirko, “Electric field imprinting of sub-micron patterns in glass-metal nanocomposites,” Nanotechnology19(41), 415304 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lipovskii, A.

I. Antonov, F. Bass, Y. Kaganovskii, M. Rosenbluh, and A. Lipovskii, “Fabrication of microlenses in Ag-doped glasses by a focused continuous wave laser beam,” J. Appl. Phys.93(5), 2343–2348 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kaganovskii, I. Antonov, F. Bass, M. Rosenbluh, and A. Lipovskii, “Mechanism of microlens formation in quantum dot glasses under continuous-wave laser irradiation,” J. Appl. Phys.89(12), 8273–8278 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lipovskii, A. A.

A. A. Lipovskii, M. Kuittinen, P. Karvinen, K. Leinonen, V. G. Melehin, V. V. Zhurikhina, and Y. P. Svirko, “Electric field imprinting of sub-micron patterns in glass-metal nanocomposites,” Nanotechnology19(41), 415304 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, K. X.

W. D. Liu, L. M. Ye, and K. X. Liu, “Micro-nano scale ripples on metallic glass induced by laser pulse,” J. Appl. Phys.109(4), 043109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W. D.

W. D. Liu, L. M. Ye, and K. X. Liu, “Micro-nano scale ripples on metallic glass induced by laser pulse,” J. Appl. Phys.109(4), 043109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Marin, E.

F. Goutaland, E. Marin, J. Y. Michalon, and A. Boukenter, “Growth of silver nanoparticles of variable and controlled diameter in silica-based and soda-lime glasses by simultaneous continuous ultraviolet irradiation and heat treatment,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(18), 181108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Mattei, G.

F. Gonella, G. Mattei, P. Mazzoldi, E. Cattaruzza, G. W. Arnold, G. Battaglin, P. Calvelli, R. Polloni, R. Bertoncello, and R. F. Haglund, “Interaction of high‐power laser light with silver nanocluster composite glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.69(20), 3101–3103 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Matthias, S.

A. Abdolvand, A. Podlipensky, S. Matthias, F. Syrowatka, U. Gösele, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Metallodielectric two-dimensional photonic structures made by electric-field microstructuring of nanocomposite glasses,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)17(24), 2983–2987 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Matyssek, C.

Mazzoldi, P.

F. Gonella, G. Mattei, P. Mazzoldi, E. Cattaruzza, G. W. Arnold, G. Battaglin, P. Calvelli, R. Polloni, R. Bertoncello, and R. F. Haglund, “Interaction of high‐power laser light with silver nanocluster composite glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.69(20), 3101–3103 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Melehin, V. G.

A. A. Lipovskii, M. Kuittinen, P. Karvinen, K. Leinonen, V. G. Melehin, V. V. Zhurikhina, and Y. P. Svirko, “Electric field imprinting of sub-micron patterns in glass-metal nanocomposites,” Nanotechnology19(41), 415304 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Michalon, J. Y.

F. Goutaland, E. Marin, J. Y. Michalon, and A. Boukenter, “Growth of silver nanoparticles of variable and controlled diameter in silica-based and soda-lime glasses by simultaneous continuous ultraviolet irradiation and heat treatment,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(18), 181108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Parriaux, O.

Pigeon, F.

Podlipensky, A.

A. Stalmashonak, G. Seifert, A. Unal, U. Skrzypczak, A. Podlipensky, A. Abdolvand, and H. Graener, “Towards the production of micro-polarizers by irradiation of composite glasses with silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Opt.48(25), F37–F43 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Stalmashonak, A. Podlipensky, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Intensity-driven, laser induced transformation of Ag nanospheres to anisotropic shapes,” Appl. Phys. B94(3), 459–465 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Abdolvand, A. Podlipensky, S. Matthias, F. Syrowatka, U. Gösele, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Metallodielectric two-dimensional photonic structures made by electric-field microstructuring of nanocomposite glasses,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)17(24), 2983–2987 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Abdolvand, A. Podlipensky, G. Seifert, H. Graener, O. Deparis, and P. G. Kazansky, “Electric field-assisted formation of percolated silver nanolayers inside glass,” Opt. Express13(4), 1266–1274 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Podlipensky, A. Abdolvand, G. Seifert, H. Graener, O. Deparis, and P. G. Kazansky, “Dissolution of silver nanoparticles in glass through an intense DC electric field,” J. Phys. Chem. B108(46), 17699–17702 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Polloni, R.

F. Gonella, G. Mattei, P. Mazzoldi, E. Cattaruzza, G. W. Arnold, G. Battaglin, P. Calvelli, R. Polloni, R. Bertoncello, and R. F. Haglund, “Interaction of high‐power laser light with silver nanocluster composite glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.69(20), 3101–3103 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Rainer, T.

M. Kaempfe, T. Rainer, K. J. Berg, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Ultrashort laser pulse induced deformation of silver nanoparticles in glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(9), 1200–1202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Reynaud, S.

Rosenbluh, M.

I. Antonov, F. Bass, Y. Kaganovskii, M. Rosenbluh, and A. Lipovskii, “Fabrication of microlenses in Ag-doped glasses by a focused continuous wave laser beam,” J. Appl. Phys.93(5), 2343–2348 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kaganovskii, I. Antonov, F. Bass, M. Rosenbluh, and A. Lipovskii, “Mechanism of microlens formation in quantum dot glasses under continuous-wave laser irradiation,” J. Appl. Phys.89(12), 8273–8278 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Seifert, G.

A. Stalmashonak, C. Matyssek, O. Kiriyenko, W. Hergert, H. Graener, and G. Seifert, “Preparing large-aspect-ratio prolate metal nanoparticles in glass by simultaneous femtosecond multicolor irradiation,” Opt. Lett.35(10), 1671–1673 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Stalmashonak, A. Podlipensky, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Intensity-driven, laser induced transformation of Ag nanospheres to anisotropic shapes,” Appl. Phys. B94(3), 459–465 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Stalmashonak, G. Seifert, A. Unal, U. Skrzypczak, A. Podlipensky, A. Abdolvand, and H. Graener, “Towards the production of micro-polarizers by irradiation of composite glasses with silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Opt.48(25), F37–F43 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Stalmashonak, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Spectral range extension of laser-induced dichroism in composite glass with silver nanoparticles,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.11(6), 065001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Seifert, A. Stalmashonak, H. Hofmeister, J. Haug, and M. Dubiel, “Laser-induced, polarization dependent shape transformation of Au/Ag nanoparticles in glass,” Nanoscale Res. Lett.4(11), 1380–1383 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Stalmashonak, H. Graener, and G. Seifert, “Transformation of silver nanospheres embedded in glass to nanodisks using circularly polarized femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(19), 193111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Abdolvand, A. Podlipensky, G. Seifert, H. Graener, O. Deparis, and P. G. Kazansky, “Electric field-assisted formation of percolated silver nanolayers inside glass,” Opt. Express13(4), 1266–1274 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Abdolvand, A. Podlipensky, S. Matthias, F. Syrowatka, U. Gösele, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Metallodielectric two-dimensional photonic structures made by electric-field microstructuring of nanocomposite glasses,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)17(24), 2983–2987 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Podlipensky, A. Abdolvand, G. Seifert, H. Graener, O. Deparis, and P. G. Kazansky, “Dissolution of silver nanoparticles in glass through an intense DC electric field,” J. Phys. Chem. B108(46), 17699–17702 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Kaempfe, T. Rainer, K. J. Berg, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Ultrashort laser pulse induced deformation of silver nanoparticles in glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(9), 1200–1202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Skrzypczak, U.

Song, S. H.

Stalmashonak, A.

A. Stalmashonak, C. Matyssek, O. Kiriyenko, W. Hergert, H. Graener, and G. Seifert, “Preparing large-aspect-ratio prolate metal nanoparticles in glass by simultaneous femtosecond multicolor irradiation,” Opt. Lett.35(10), 1671–1673 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Stalmashonak, A. Podlipensky, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Intensity-driven, laser induced transformation of Ag nanospheres to anisotropic shapes,” Appl. Phys. B94(3), 459–465 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Stalmashonak, G. Seifert, A. Unal, U. Skrzypczak, A. Podlipensky, A. Abdolvand, and H. Graener, “Towards the production of micro-polarizers by irradiation of composite glasses with silver nanoparticles,” Appl. Opt.48(25), F37–F43 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Stalmashonak, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Spectral range extension of laser-induced dichroism in composite glass with silver nanoparticles,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.11(6), 065001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Stalmashonak, H. Graener, and G. Seifert, “Transformation of silver nanospheres embedded in glass to nanodisks using circularly polarized femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(19), 193111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

G. Seifert, A. Stalmashonak, H. Hofmeister, J. Haug, and M. Dubiel, “Laser-induced, polarization dependent shape transformation of Au/Ag nanoparticles in glass,” Nanoscale Res. Lett.4(11), 1380–1383 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Svirko, Y. P.

A. A. Lipovskii, M. Kuittinen, P. Karvinen, K. Leinonen, V. G. Melehin, V. V. Zhurikhina, and Y. P. Svirko, “Electric field imprinting of sub-micron patterns in glass-metal nanocomposites,” Nanotechnology19(41), 415304 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Syrowatka, F.

A. Abdolvand, A. Podlipensky, S. Matthias, F. Syrowatka, U. Gösele, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Metallodielectric two-dimensional photonic structures made by electric-field microstructuring of nanocomposite glasses,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)17(24), 2983–2987 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tonchev, S.

Unal, A.

Won, H. S.

Yazawa, T.

S. Chen, T. Akai, K. Kadono, and T. Yazawa, “A silver-containing halogen-free inorganic photochromic glass,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (20): 2090–2091 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ye, L. M.

W. D. Liu, L. M. Ye, and K. X. Liu, “Micro-nano scale ripples on metallic glass induced by laser pulse,” J. Appl. Phys.109(4), 043109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Zhurikhina, V. V.

A. A. Lipovskii, M. Kuittinen, P. Karvinen, K. Leinonen, V. G. Melehin, V. V. Zhurikhina, and Y. P. Svirko, “Electric field imprinting of sub-micron patterns in glass-metal nanocomposites,” Nanotechnology19(41), 415304 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.) (1)

A. Abdolvand, A. Podlipensky, S. Matthias, F. Syrowatka, U. Gösele, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Metallodielectric two-dimensional photonic structures made by electric-field microstructuring of nanocomposite glasses,” Adv. Mater. (Deerfield Beach Fla.)17(24), 2983–2987 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

A. Stalmashonak, A. Podlipensky, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Intensity-driven, laser induced transformation of Ag nanospheres to anisotropic shapes,” Appl. Phys. B94(3), 459–465 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

M. Kaempfe, T. Rainer, K. J. Berg, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Ultrashort laser pulse induced deformation of silver nanoparticles in glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett.74(9), 1200–1202 (1999).
[CrossRef]

F. Gonella, G. Mattei, P. Mazzoldi, E. Cattaruzza, G. W. Arnold, G. Battaglin, P. Calvelli, R. Polloni, R. Bertoncello, and R. F. Haglund, “Interaction of high‐power laser light with silver nanocluster composite glasses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.69(20), 3101–3103 (1996).
[CrossRef]

F. Goutaland, E. Marin, J. Y. Michalon, and A. Boukenter, “Growth of silver nanoparticles of variable and controlled diameter in silica-based and soda-lime glasses by simultaneous continuous ultraviolet irradiation and heat treatment,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(18), 181108 (2009).
[CrossRef]

A. Stalmashonak, H. Graener, and G. Seifert, “Transformation of silver nanospheres embedded in glass to nanodisks using circularly polarized femtosecond pulses,” Appl. Phys. Lett.94(19), 193111 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

M. Bolle and S. Lazare, “Submicron periodic structure produced on polymer surfaces with polarized excimer laser ultraviolet-radiation,” Appl. Surf. Sci.65-66, 349–354 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (1)

S. Chen, T. Akai, K. Kadono, and T. Yazawa, “A silver-containing halogen-free inorganic photochromic glass,” Chem. Commun. (Camb.) (20): 2090–2091 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Appl. Phys. (4)

W. D. Liu, L. M. Ye, and K. X. Liu, “Micro-nano scale ripples on metallic glass induced by laser pulse,” J. Appl. Phys.109(4), 043109 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kaganovskii, I. Antonov, F. Bass, M. Rosenbluh, and A. Lipovskii, “Mechanism of microlens formation in quantum dot glasses under continuous-wave laser irradiation,” J. Appl. Phys.89(12), 8273–8278 (2001).
[CrossRef]

I. Antonov, F. Bass, Y. Kaganovskii, M. Rosenbluh, and A. Lipovskii, “Fabrication of microlenses in Ag-doped glasses by a focused continuous wave laser beam,” J. Appl. Phys.93(5), 2343–2348 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. Birnbaum, “Semiconductor surface damage produced by ruby lasers,” J. Appl. Phys.36(11), 3688–3689 (1965).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

A. Stalmashonak, G. Seifert, and H. Graener, “Spectral range extension of laser-induced dichroism in composite glass with silver nanoparticles,” J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.11(6), 065001 (2009).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

A. Podlipensky, A. Abdolvand, G. Seifert, H. Graener, O. Deparis, and P. G. Kazansky, “Dissolution of silver nanoparticles in glass through an intense DC electric field,” J. Phys. Chem. B108(46), 17699–17702 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nanoscale Res. Lett. (1)

G. Seifert, A. Stalmashonak, H. Hofmeister, J. Haug, and M. Dubiel, “Laser-induced, polarization dependent shape transformation of Au/Ag nanoparticles in glass,” Nanoscale Res. Lett.4(11), 1380–1383 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nanotechnology (1)

A. A. Lipovskii, M. Kuittinen, P. Karvinen, K. Leinonen, V. G. Melehin, V. V. Zhurikhina, and Y. P. Svirko, “Electric field imprinting of sub-micron patterns in glass-metal nanocomposites,” Nanotechnology19(41), 415304 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Solid State Phenom. (1)

E. Cattaruzza, F. Gonella, S. Ali, V. Bello, and T. Cesca, “A solid-state route for the synthesis of metal nanocluster composite glasses,” Solid State Phenom.151, 252–258 (2009).
[CrossRef]

Z. Phys. (1)

U. Kreibig and C. V. Fragstein, “The limitation of electron mean free path in small silver particles,” Z. Phys.244, 307–323 (1969).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Optical density measured within (1) the central part of the irradiated line, (2) the border region of the irradiated line. The inset shows an optical microscope picture of a UV-written line taken in the transmission mode. (b) Reflectivity spectrum measured within the border region (3). The inset shows an optical microscope picture of a UV-written line taken in the reflection mode.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

SEM images: (a) showing nanoparticles near the border of the line (shown by a transverse black line) and the lack of nanoparticles in the irradiated part and (b) zoom within the area containing nanoparticles (1 µm away from the edge of the line). Circled areas show discontinuities due to coalescence.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Surface profile, recorded by profilometry, after laser exposure of a (a) silver-exchanged glass and of a (b) pure soda-lime glass.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

SEM images showing the formation of ripples on the edge of the laser spot: (a) ripples can be observed together with few large NPS formed further away from the laser spot and (b) zoom inside the region containing the ripples.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) SEM image showing the bleaching of the NPs (white spots) to the benefit of nanoholes (dark spots) and (b) AFM height scan of the nanoholes.

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