Abstract

The development of new active optical fibre devices requires materials with « augmented » intrinsic properties, though using luminescent ion (LI) –doped silica as host glass. Optical fibers containing dielectric nanoparticles (DNP) grown by phase separation are proposed. DNP would optimally fully encapsulate LI to produce « engineered » spectroscopic properties. To determine the composition of DNP, Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry imaging at high spatial resolution is employed. Through the use of this technique, we demonstrate without ambiguity the partition of Mg, P and Er in DNP. By increasing Mg concentration, Si concentration in DNP decreases, which explains the spectroscopic behaviour of Er.

© 2012 OSA

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    [CrossRef]

2012

C. I. Oppo, R. Corpino, P. C. Ricci, M. C. Paul, S. Das, M. Pal, S. K. Bhadra, S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, P. Ghigna, and F. d’Acapito, “Incorporation of Yb3+ ions in multicomponent phase-separated fibre glass preforms,” Opt. Mater.34(4), 660–664 (2012).
[CrossRef]

J. Thomas, M. Myara, L. Troussellier, E. Burov, A. Pastouret, D. Boivin, G. Mélin, O. Gilard, M. Sotom, and P. Signoret, “Radiation-resistant erbium-doped-nanoparticles optical fiber for space applications,” Opt. Express20(3), 2435–2444 (2012).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011

W. Blanc, V. Mauroy, L. Nguyen, B. N. Shivakiran Bhaktha, P. Sebbah, B. P. Pal, and B. Dussardier, “Fabrication of rare-earth doped transparent glass ceramic optical fibers by modified chemical vapor deposition,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94(8), 2315–2318 (2011).
[CrossRef]

N. Valle, J. Drillet, A. Pic, and H. N. Migeon, “Nano-SIMS investigation of boron distribution in steels,” Surf. Interface Anal.43(1-2), 573–575 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2009

W. Blanc, B. Dussardier, and M. C. Paul, “Er doped oxide nanoparticles in silica based optical fibers,” Glass Technol.: Eur. J. Glass Sci. Technol. A50(1), 79–81 (2009).

W. Blanc, B. Dussardier, G. Monnom, R. Peretti, A.-M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, M. Foret, and A. Roberts, “Erbium emission properties in nanostructured fibers,” Appl. Opt.48(31), G119–G124 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

C. Lechene, F. Hillion, G. McMahon, D. Benson, A. M. Kleinfeld, J. P. Kampf, D. Distel, Y. Luyten, J. Bonventre, D. Hentschel, K. M. Park, S. Ito, M. Schwartz, G. Benichou, and G. Slodzian, “High-resolution quantitative imaging of mammalian and bacterial cells using stable isotope mass spectrometry,” J. Biol.5(6), 20 (2006), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Sidiroglou, S. T. Huntington, A. Roberts, R. Stern, I. R. Fletcher, and G. W. Baxter, “Simultaneous multidopant investigation of rare-earth-doped optical fibers by an ion microprobe,” Opt. Lett.31(22), 3258–3260 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. L. Kraft, P. K. Weber, M. L. Longo, I. D. Hutcheon, and S. G. Boxer, “Phase separation of lipid membranes analyzed with high-resolution secondary ion mass spectrometry,” Science313(5795), 1948–1951 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003

S. Yoo, U.-C. Paek, and W.-T. Han, “Development of a glass optical fiber containing ZnO–Al2O3–SiO2 glass-ceramics doped with Co2+ and its optical absorption characteristics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids315(1-2), 180–186 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

E. Hauri, J. Wang, J. E. Dixon, P. L. King, C. Mandeville, and S. Newman, “SIMS Investigations of volatiles in silicate glasses: 1. Calibration, matrix effects and comparisons with FTIR,” Chem. Geol.183(1-4), 99–114 (2002).
[CrossRef]

B. N. Samson, L. R. Pinckney, J. Wang, G. H. Beall, and N. F. Borrelli, “Nickel-doped nanocrystalline glass-ceramic fiber,” Opt. Lett.27(15), 1309–1311 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

1987

J. E. Townsend, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, “Solution-doping technique for fabrication of rare-earth-doped optical fibres,” Electron. Lett.23(7), 329–331 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1974

J. B. MacChesney, P. B. O’Connor, and H. M. Presby, “A new technique for the preparation of low-loss and graded-index optical fibers,” Proc. IEEE62(9), 1280–1281 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Baxter, G. W.

Beall, G. H.

Benichou, G.

C. Lechene, F. Hillion, G. McMahon, D. Benson, A. M. Kleinfeld, J. P. Kampf, D. Distel, Y. Luyten, J. Bonventre, D. Hentschel, K. M. Park, S. Ito, M. Schwartz, G. Benichou, and G. Slodzian, “High-resolution quantitative imaging of mammalian and bacterial cells using stable isotope mass spectrometry,” J. Biol.5(6), 20 (2006), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benson, D.

C. Lechene, F. Hillion, G. McMahon, D. Benson, A. M. Kleinfeld, J. P. Kampf, D. Distel, Y. Luyten, J. Bonventre, D. Hentschel, K. M. Park, S. Ito, M. Schwartz, G. Benichou, and G. Slodzian, “High-resolution quantitative imaging of mammalian and bacterial cells using stable isotope mass spectrometry,” J. Biol.5(6), 20 (2006), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bhadra, S. K.

C. I. Oppo, R. Corpino, P. C. Ricci, M. C. Paul, S. Das, M. Pal, S. K. Bhadra, S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, P. Ghigna, and F. d’Acapito, “Incorporation of Yb3+ ions in multicomponent phase-separated fibre glass preforms,” Opt. Mater.34(4), 660–664 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Blanc, W.

W. Blanc, V. Mauroy, L. Nguyen, B. N. Shivakiran Bhaktha, P. Sebbah, B. P. Pal, and B. Dussardier, “Fabrication of rare-earth doped transparent glass ceramic optical fibers by modified chemical vapor deposition,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94(8), 2315–2318 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Blanc, B. Dussardier, and M. C. Paul, “Er doped oxide nanoparticles in silica based optical fibers,” Glass Technol.: Eur. J. Glass Sci. Technol. A50(1), 79–81 (2009).

W. Blanc, B. Dussardier, G. Monnom, R. Peretti, A.-M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, M. Foret, and A. Roberts, “Erbium emission properties in nanostructured fibers,” Appl. Opt.48(31), G119–G124 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boivin, D.

Bonventre, J.

C. Lechene, F. Hillion, G. McMahon, D. Benson, A. M. Kleinfeld, J. P. Kampf, D. Distel, Y. Luyten, J. Bonventre, D. Hentschel, K. M. Park, S. Ito, M. Schwartz, G. Benichou, and G. Slodzian, “High-resolution quantitative imaging of mammalian and bacterial cells using stable isotope mass spectrometry,” J. Biol.5(6), 20 (2006), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Borrelli, N. F.

Boxer, S. G.

M. L. Kraft, P. K. Weber, M. L. Longo, I. D. Hutcheon, and S. G. Boxer, “Phase separation of lipid membranes analyzed with high-resolution secondary ion mass spectrometry,” Science313(5795), 1948–1951 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boyland, A. J.

C. I. Oppo, R. Corpino, P. C. Ricci, M. C. Paul, S. Das, M. Pal, S. K. Bhadra, S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, P. Ghigna, and F. d’Acapito, “Incorporation of Yb3+ ions in multicomponent phase-separated fibre glass preforms,” Opt. Mater.34(4), 660–664 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Burov, E.

Corpino, R.

C. I. Oppo, R. Corpino, P. C. Ricci, M. C. Paul, S. Das, M. Pal, S. K. Bhadra, S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, P. Ghigna, and F. d’Acapito, “Incorporation of Yb3+ ions in multicomponent phase-separated fibre glass preforms,” Opt. Mater.34(4), 660–664 (2012).
[CrossRef]

d’Acapito, F.

C. I. Oppo, R. Corpino, P. C. Ricci, M. C. Paul, S. Das, M. Pal, S. K. Bhadra, S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, P. Ghigna, and F. d’Acapito, “Incorporation of Yb3+ ions in multicomponent phase-separated fibre glass preforms,” Opt. Mater.34(4), 660–664 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Das, S.

C. I. Oppo, R. Corpino, P. C. Ricci, M. C. Paul, S. Das, M. Pal, S. K. Bhadra, S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, P. Ghigna, and F. d’Acapito, “Incorporation of Yb3+ ions in multicomponent phase-separated fibre glass preforms,” Opt. Mater.34(4), 660–664 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Distel, D.

C. Lechene, F. Hillion, G. McMahon, D. Benson, A. M. Kleinfeld, J. P. Kampf, D. Distel, Y. Luyten, J. Bonventre, D. Hentschel, K. M. Park, S. Ito, M. Schwartz, G. Benichou, and G. Slodzian, “High-resolution quantitative imaging of mammalian and bacterial cells using stable isotope mass spectrometry,” J. Biol.5(6), 20 (2006), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dixon, J. E.

E. Hauri, J. Wang, J. E. Dixon, P. L. King, C. Mandeville, and S. Newman, “SIMS Investigations of volatiles in silicate glasses: 1. Calibration, matrix effects and comparisons with FTIR,” Chem. Geol.183(1-4), 99–114 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Drillet, J.

N. Valle, J. Drillet, A. Pic, and H. N. Migeon, “Nano-SIMS investigation of boron distribution in steels,” Surf. Interface Anal.43(1-2), 573–575 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Dussardier, B.

W. Blanc, V. Mauroy, L. Nguyen, B. N. Shivakiran Bhaktha, P. Sebbah, B. P. Pal, and B. Dussardier, “Fabrication of rare-earth doped transparent glass ceramic optical fibers by modified chemical vapor deposition,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94(8), 2315–2318 (2011).
[CrossRef]

W. Blanc, B. Dussardier, G. Monnom, R. Peretti, A.-M. Jurdyc, B. Jacquier, M. Foret, and A. Roberts, “Erbium emission properties in nanostructured fibers,” Appl. Opt.48(31), G119–G124 (2009).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Blanc, B. Dussardier, and M. C. Paul, “Er doped oxide nanoparticles in silica based optical fibers,” Glass Technol.: Eur. J. Glass Sci. Technol. A50(1), 79–81 (2009).

Fletcher, I. R.

Foret, M.

Ghigna, P.

C. I. Oppo, R. Corpino, P. C. Ricci, M. C. Paul, S. Das, M. Pal, S. K. Bhadra, S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, P. Ghigna, and F. d’Acapito, “Incorporation of Yb3+ ions in multicomponent phase-separated fibre glass preforms,” Opt. Mater.34(4), 660–664 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Gilard, O.

Han, W.-T.

S. Yoo, U.-C. Paek, and W.-T. Han, “Development of a glass optical fiber containing ZnO–Al2O3–SiO2 glass-ceramics doped with Co2+ and its optical absorption characteristics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids315(1-2), 180–186 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hauri, E.

E. Hauri, J. Wang, J. E. Dixon, P. L. King, C. Mandeville, and S. Newman, “SIMS Investigations of volatiles in silicate glasses: 1. Calibration, matrix effects and comparisons with FTIR,” Chem. Geol.183(1-4), 99–114 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hentschel, D.

C. Lechene, F. Hillion, G. McMahon, D. Benson, A. M. Kleinfeld, J. P. Kampf, D. Distel, Y. Luyten, J. Bonventre, D. Hentschel, K. M. Park, S. Ito, M. Schwartz, G. Benichou, and G. Slodzian, “High-resolution quantitative imaging of mammalian and bacterial cells using stable isotope mass spectrometry,” J. Biol.5(6), 20 (2006), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hillion, F.

C. Lechene, F. Hillion, G. McMahon, D. Benson, A. M. Kleinfeld, J. P. Kampf, D. Distel, Y. Luyten, J. Bonventre, D. Hentschel, K. M. Park, S. Ito, M. Schwartz, G. Benichou, and G. Slodzian, “High-resolution quantitative imaging of mammalian and bacterial cells using stable isotope mass spectrometry,” J. Biol.5(6), 20 (2006), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Huntington, S. T.

Hutcheon, I. D.

M. L. Kraft, P. K. Weber, M. L. Longo, I. D. Hutcheon, and S. G. Boxer, “Phase separation of lipid membranes analyzed with high-resolution secondary ion mass spectrometry,” Science313(5795), 1948–1951 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ito, S.

C. Lechene, F. Hillion, G. McMahon, D. Benson, A. M. Kleinfeld, J. P. Kampf, D. Distel, Y. Luyten, J. Bonventre, D. Hentschel, K. M. Park, S. Ito, M. Schwartz, G. Benichou, and G. Slodzian, “High-resolution quantitative imaging of mammalian and bacterial cells using stable isotope mass spectrometry,” J. Biol.5(6), 20 (2006), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jacquier, B.

Jurdyc, A.-M.

Kalita, M. P.

C. I. Oppo, R. Corpino, P. C. Ricci, M. C. Paul, S. Das, M. Pal, S. K. Bhadra, S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, P. Ghigna, and F. d’Acapito, “Incorporation of Yb3+ ions in multicomponent phase-separated fibre glass preforms,” Opt. Mater.34(4), 660–664 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Kampf, J. P.

C. Lechene, F. Hillion, G. McMahon, D. Benson, A. M. Kleinfeld, J. P. Kampf, D. Distel, Y. Luyten, J. Bonventre, D. Hentschel, K. M. Park, S. Ito, M. Schwartz, G. Benichou, and G. Slodzian, “High-resolution quantitative imaging of mammalian and bacterial cells using stable isotope mass spectrometry,” J. Biol.5(6), 20 (2006), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

King, P. L.

E. Hauri, J. Wang, J. E. Dixon, P. L. King, C. Mandeville, and S. Newman, “SIMS Investigations of volatiles in silicate glasses: 1. Calibration, matrix effects and comparisons with FTIR,” Chem. Geol.183(1-4), 99–114 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kleinfeld, A. M.

C. Lechene, F. Hillion, G. McMahon, D. Benson, A. M. Kleinfeld, J. P. Kampf, D. Distel, Y. Luyten, J. Bonventre, D. Hentschel, K. M. Park, S. Ito, M. Schwartz, G. Benichou, and G. Slodzian, “High-resolution quantitative imaging of mammalian and bacterial cells using stable isotope mass spectrometry,” J. Biol.5(6), 20 (2006), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kraft, M. L.

M. L. Kraft, P. K. Weber, M. L. Longo, I. D. Hutcheon, and S. G. Boxer, “Phase separation of lipid membranes analyzed with high-resolution secondary ion mass spectrometry,” Science313(5795), 1948–1951 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lechene, C.

C. Lechene, F. Hillion, G. McMahon, D. Benson, A. M. Kleinfeld, J. P. Kampf, D. Distel, Y. Luyten, J. Bonventre, D. Hentschel, K. M. Park, S. Ito, M. Schwartz, G. Benichou, and G. Slodzian, “High-resolution quantitative imaging of mammalian and bacterial cells using stable isotope mass spectrometry,” J. Biol.5(6), 20 (2006), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Longo, M. L.

M. L. Kraft, P. K. Weber, M. L. Longo, I. D. Hutcheon, and S. G. Boxer, “Phase separation of lipid membranes analyzed with high-resolution secondary ion mass spectrometry,” Science313(5795), 1948–1951 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luyten, Y.

C. Lechene, F. Hillion, G. McMahon, D. Benson, A. M. Kleinfeld, J. P. Kampf, D. Distel, Y. Luyten, J. Bonventre, D. Hentschel, K. M. Park, S. Ito, M. Schwartz, G. Benichou, and G. Slodzian, “High-resolution quantitative imaging of mammalian and bacterial cells using stable isotope mass spectrometry,” J. Biol.5(6), 20 (2006), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

MacChesney, J. B.

J. B. MacChesney, P. B. O’Connor, and H. M. Presby, “A new technique for the preparation of low-loss and graded-index optical fibers,” Proc. IEEE62(9), 1280–1281 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Mandeville, C.

E. Hauri, J. Wang, J. E. Dixon, P. L. King, C. Mandeville, and S. Newman, “SIMS Investigations of volatiles in silicate glasses: 1. Calibration, matrix effects and comparisons with FTIR,” Chem. Geol.183(1-4), 99–114 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mauroy, V.

W. Blanc, V. Mauroy, L. Nguyen, B. N. Shivakiran Bhaktha, P. Sebbah, B. P. Pal, and B. Dussardier, “Fabrication of rare-earth doped transparent glass ceramic optical fibers by modified chemical vapor deposition,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94(8), 2315–2318 (2011).
[CrossRef]

McMahon, G.

C. Lechene, F. Hillion, G. McMahon, D. Benson, A. M. Kleinfeld, J. P. Kampf, D. Distel, Y. Luyten, J. Bonventre, D. Hentschel, K. M. Park, S. Ito, M. Schwartz, G. Benichou, and G. Slodzian, “High-resolution quantitative imaging of mammalian and bacterial cells using stable isotope mass spectrometry,” J. Biol.5(6), 20 (2006), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mélin, G.

Migeon, H. N.

N. Valle, J. Drillet, A. Pic, and H. N. Migeon, “Nano-SIMS investigation of boron distribution in steels,” Surf. Interface Anal.43(1-2), 573–575 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Monnom, G.

Myara, M.

Newman, S.

E. Hauri, J. Wang, J. E. Dixon, P. L. King, C. Mandeville, and S. Newman, “SIMS Investigations of volatiles in silicate glasses: 1. Calibration, matrix effects and comparisons with FTIR,” Chem. Geol.183(1-4), 99–114 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, L.

W. Blanc, V. Mauroy, L. Nguyen, B. N. Shivakiran Bhaktha, P. Sebbah, B. P. Pal, and B. Dussardier, “Fabrication of rare-earth doped transparent glass ceramic optical fibers by modified chemical vapor deposition,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94(8), 2315–2318 (2011).
[CrossRef]

O’Connor, P. B.

J. B. MacChesney, P. B. O’Connor, and H. M. Presby, “A new technique for the preparation of low-loss and graded-index optical fibers,” Proc. IEEE62(9), 1280–1281 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Oppo, C. I.

C. I. Oppo, R. Corpino, P. C. Ricci, M. C. Paul, S. Das, M. Pal, S. K. Bhadra, S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, P. Ghigna, and F. d’Acapito, “Incorporation of Yb3+ ions in multicomponent phase-separated fibre glass preforms,” Opt. Mater.34(4), 660–664 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Paek, U.-C.

S. Yoo, U.-C. Paek, and W.-T. Han, “Development of a glass optical fiber containing ZnO–Al2O3–SiO2 glass-ceramics doped with Co2+ and its optical absorption characteristics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids315(1-2), 180–186 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pal, B. P.

W. Blanc, V. Mauroy, L. Nguyen, B. N. Shivakiran Bhaktha, P. Sebbah, B. P. Pal, and B. Dussardier, “Fabrication of rare-earth doped transparent glass ceramic optical fibers by modified chemical vapor deposition,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94(8), 2315–2318 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pal, M.

C. I. Oppo, R. Corpino, P. C. Ricci, M. C. Paul, S. Das, M. Pal, S. K. Bhadra, S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, P. Ghigna, and F. d’Acapito, “Incorporation of Yb3+ ions in multicomponent phase-separated fibre glass preforms,” Opt. Mater.34(4), 660–664 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Park, K. M.

C. Lechene, F. Hillion, G. McMahon, D. Benson, A. M. Kleinfeld, J. P. Kampf, D. Distel, Y. Luyten, J. Bonventre, D. Hentschel, K. M. Park, S. Ito, M. Schwartz, G. Benichou, and G. Slodzian, “High-resolution quantitative imaging of mammalian and bacterial cells using stable isotope mass spectrometry,” J. Biol.5(6), 20 (2006), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pastouret, A.

Paul, M. C.

C. I. Oppo, R. Corpino, P. C. Ricci, M. C. Paul, S. Das, M. Pal, S. K. Bhadra, S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, P. Ghigna, and F. d’Acapito, “Incorporation of Yb3+ ions in multicomponent phase-separated fibre glass preforms,” Opt. Mater.34(4), 660–664 (2012).
[CrossRef]

W. Blanc, B. Dussardier, and M. C. Paul, “Er doped oxide nanoparticles in silica based optical fibers,” Glass Technol.: Eur. J. Glass Sci. Technol. A50(1), 79–81 (2009).

Payne, D. N.

J. E. Townsend, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, “Solution-doping technique for fabrication of rare-earth-doped optical fibres,” Electron. Lett.23(7), 329–331 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Peretti, R.

Pic, A.

N. Valle, J. Drillet, A. Pic, and H. N. Migeon, “Nano-SIMS investigation of boron distribution in steels,” Surf. Interface Anal.43(1-2), 573–575 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Pinckney, L. R.

Poole, S. B.

J. E. Townsend, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, “Solution-doping technique for fabrication of rare-earth-doped optical fibres,” Electron. Lett.23(7), 329–331 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Presby, H. M.

J. B. MacChesney, P. B. O’Connor, and H. M. Presby, “A new technique for the preparation of low-loss and graded-index optical fibers,” Proc. IEEE62(9), 1280–1281 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Ricci, P. C.

C. I. Oppo, R. Corpino, P. C. Ricci, M. C. Paul, S. Das, M. Pal, S. K. Bhadra, S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, P. Ghigna, and F. d’Acapito, “Incorporation of Yb3+ ions in multicomponent phase-separated fibre glass preforms,” Opt. Mater.34(4), 660–664 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Roberts, A.

Sahu, J. K.

C. I. Oppo, R. Corpino, P. C. Ricci, M. C. Paul, S. Das, M. Pal, S. K. Bhadra, S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, P. Ghigna, and F. d’Acapito, “Incorporation of Yb3+ ions in multicomponent phase-separated fibre glass preforms,” Opt. Mater.34(4), 660–664 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Samson, B. N.

Schwartz, M.

C. Lechene, F. Hillion, G. McMahon, D. Benson, A. M. Kleinfeld, J. P. Kampf, D. Distel, Y. Luyten, J. Bonventre, D. Hentschel, K. M. Park, S. Ito, M. Schwartz, G. Benichou, and G. Slodzian, “High-resolution quantitative imaging of mammalian and bacterial cells using stable isotope mass spectrometry,” J. Biol.5(6), 20 (2006), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sebbah, P.

W. Blanc, V. Mauroy, L. Nguyen, B. N. Shivakiran Bhaktha, P. Sebbah, B. P. Pal, and B. Dussardier, “Fabrication of rare-earth doped transparent glass ceramic optical fibers by modified chemical vapor deposition,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94(8), 2315–2318 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Shivakiran Bhaktha, B. N.

W. Blanc, V. Mauroy, L. Nguyen, B. N. Shivakiran Bhaktha, P. Sebbah, B. P. Pal, and B. Dussardier, “Fabrication of rare-earth doped transparent glass ceramic optical fibers by modified chemical vapor deposition,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94(8), 2315–2318 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Sidiroglou, F.

Signoret, P.

Slodzian, G.

C. Lechene, F. Hillion, G. McMahon, D. Benson, A. M. Kleinfeld, J. P. Kampf, D. Distel, Y. Luyten, J. Bonventre, D. Hentschel, K. M. Park, S. Ito, M. Schwartz, G. Benichou, and G. Slodzian, “High-resolution quantitative imaging of mammalian and bacterial cells using stable isotope mass spectrometry,” J. Biol.5(6), 20 (2006), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sotom, M.

Stern, R.

Thomas, J.

Tick, P. A.

Townsend, J. E.

J. E. Townsend, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, “Solution-doping technique for fabrication of rare-earth-doped optical fibres,” Electron. Lett.23(7), 329–331 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Troussellier, L.

Valle, N.

N. Valle, J. Drillet, A. Pic, and H. N. Migeon, “Nano-SIMS investigation of boron distribution in steels,” Surf. Interface Anal.43(1-2), 573–575 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

B. N. Samson, L. R. Pinckney, J. Wang, G. H. Beall, and N. F. Borrelli, “Nickel-doped nanocrystalline glass-ceramic fiber,” Opt. Lett.27(15), 1309–1311 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Hauri, J. Wang, J. E. Dixon, P. L. King, C. Mandeville, and S. Newman, “SIMS Investigations of volatiles in silicate glasses: 1. Calibration, matrix effects and comparisons with FTIR,” Chem. Geol.183(1-4), 99–114 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Weber, P. K.

M. L. Kraft, P. K. Weber, M. L. Longo, I. D. Hutcheon, and S. G. Boxer, “Phase separation of lipid membranes analyzed with high-resolution secondary ion mass spectrometry,” Science313(5795), 1948–1951 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoo, S.

C. I. Oppo, R. Corpino, P. C. Ricci, M. C. Paul, S. Das, M. Pal, S. K. Bhadra, S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, P. Ghigna, and F. d’Acapito, “Incorporation of Yb3+ ions in multicomponent phase-separated fibre glass preforms,” Opt. Mater.34(4), 660–664 (2012).
[CrossRef]

S. Yoo, U.-C. Paek, and W.-T. Han, “Development of a glass optical fiber containing ZnO–Al2O3–SiO2 glass-ceramics doped with Co2+ and its optical absorption characteristics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids315(1-2), 180–186 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Chem. Geol.

E. Hauri, J. Wang, J. E. Dixon, P. L. King, C. Mandeville, and S. Newman, “SIMS Investigations of volatiles in silicate glasses: 1. Calibration, matrix effects and comparisons with FTIR,” Chem. Geol.183(1-4), 99–114 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

J. E. Townsend, S. B. Poole, and D. N. Payne, “Solution-doping technique for fabrication of rare-earth-doped optical fibres,” Electron. Lett.23(7), 329–331 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Glass Technol.: Eur. J. Glass Sci. Technol. A

W. Blanc, B. Dussardier, and M. C. Paul, “Er doped oxide nanoparticles in silica based optical fibers,” Glass Technol.: Eur. J. Glass Sci. Technol. A50(1), 79–81 (2009).

J. Am. Ceram. Soc.

W. Blanc, V. Mauroy, L. Nguyen, B. N. Shivakiran Bhaktha, P. Sebbah, B. P. Pal, and B. Dussardier, “Fabrication of rare-earth doped transparent glass ceramic optical fibers by modified chemical vapor deposition,” J. Am. Ceram. Soc.94(8), 2315–2318 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Biol.

C. Lechene, F. Hillion, G. McMahon, D. Benson, A. M. Kleinfeld, J. P. Kampf, D. Distel, Y. Luyten, J. Bonventre, D. Hentschel, K. M. Park, S. Ito, M. Schwartz, G. Benichou, and G. Slodzian, “High-resolution quantitative imaging of mammalian and bacterial cells using stable isotope mass spectrometry,” J. Biol.5(6), 20 (2006), doi:.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids

S. Yoo, U.-C. Paek, and W.-T. Han, “Development of a glass optical fiber containing ZnO–Al2O3–SiO2 glass-ceramics doped with Co2+ and its optical absorption characteristics,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids315(1-2), 180–186 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Mater.

C. I. Oppo, R. Corpino, P. C. Ricci, M. C. Paul, S. Das, M. Pal, S. K. Bhadra, S. Yoo, M. P. Kalita, A. J. Boyland, J. K. Sahu, P. Ghigna, and F. d’Acapito, “Incorporation of Yb3+ ions in multicomponent phase-separated fibre glass preforms,” Opt. Mater.34(4), 660–664 (2012).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IEEE

J. B. MacChesney, P. B. O’Connor, and H. M. Presby, “A new technique for the preparation of low-loss and graded-index optical fibers,” Proc. IEEE62(9), 1280–1281 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Science

M. L. Kraft, P. K. Weber, M. L. Longo, I. D. Hutcheon, and S. G. Boxer, “Phase separation of lipid membranes analyzed with high-resolution secondary ion mass spectrometry,” Science313(5795), 1948–1951 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Surf. Interface Anal.

N. Valle, J. Drillet, A. Pic, and H. N. Migeon, “Nano-SIMS investigation of boron distribution in steels,” Surf. Interface Anal.43(1-2), 573–575 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Other

M. J. F. Digonnet, Rare-Earth-Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers (CRC Press, 2001).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

SIMS images of the cross-sections of the relative ion distribution of P (blue) and Ge (red) in the core of fibers doped with (a) 0.1 and (b) 1 mol/l of MgCl2. The area scanned is (a) 10 µm × 10 µm and (b) 15 µm × 15 µm. The images result from the sum of 150 planes. The acquisition time was 250 s/plane and the cesium probe current 1.8 pA.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Intensity for various elements present in the core of the fibers Mg-1 and Mg-0.1. The intensity is normalized to Np + NMgO + NErO + NGe where N represent the number of counts for a specific element. Data were extracted from 4 µm × 4 µm SIMS images.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spatial distributions of Si, P, Mg and Er elements in Mg-0.1 and Mg-1 measured by Nanosims50. Images are obtained from the sum of 11 planes for Mg-0.1 and 21 for Mg-1. Image field is 4 µm × 4 µm, 64 × 64 pixels. Cs+ probe size is ~60 nm diameter.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Radial distribution of Si, P, MgO, Ge and ErO in the particles indicated by an arrow in Fig. 3. Each pixel corresponds to 64 nm. Count numbers were renormalized to the same number of planes, all other acquisition parameters being identicals. The error bar on the number of counts is 20%.

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