Abstract

The control of defect states is becoming a powerful approach to tune two-dimensional materials. Black phosphorus (BP) is a layered material that offers opportunities in infrared optoelectronics. Its band gap depends strongly on the number of layers and covers wavelengths from 720 to 4000 nm from monolayer to bulk, but only in discrete steps and suffering from poor photostability. Here, we demonstrate tunable and stable infrared emission from defect states in few-layer BP. First, we demonstrate a continuous blue shift of the main photoluminescence peak under laser exposure in air due to the creation of crystal defects during photo-oxidation. The tunable emission spectrum continuously bridges the discrete near-infrared energies of few-layer BP for a decreasing number of layers. Second, using plasma-enhanced encapsulation, we report the creation and protection of defects with peak emission energy between bilayer and trilayer BP. The emission is photostable and has an efficiency comparable to that of pristine layers while retaining the strong polarization anisotropy characteristic of BP. Our results put forward defect engineering in few-layer BP as a flexible strategy for stable and widely tunable infrared sources and detectors in integrated spectrometers and hyperspectral sensors.

© 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. X. Zou and B. I. Yakobson, “An open canvas - 2D materials with defects, disorder, and functionality,” Acc. Chem. Res. 48(1), 73–80 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  2. Z. Hu, Z. Wu, C. Han, J. He, Z. Ni, and W. Chen, “Two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides: Interface and defect engineering,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 47(9), 3100–3128 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  3. Z. Lin, B. R. Carvalho, E. Kahn, R. Lv, R. Rao, H. Terrones, M. A. Pimenta, and M. Terrones, “Defect engineering of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides,” 2D Mater. 3(2), 022002 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  4. T. Susi, J. C. Meyer, and J. Kotakoski, “Quantifying transmission electron microscopy irradiation effects using two-dimensional materials,” Nat. Rev. Phys. 1(6), 397–405 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  5. Z. Cheng, H. Abuzaid, Y. Yu, F. Zhang, Y. Li, S. G. Noyce, N. X. Williams, Y.-C. Lin, J. L. Doherty, C. Tao, L. Cao, and A. D. Franklin, “Convergent ion beam alteration of 2D materials and metal-2D interfaces,” 2D Mater. 6(3), 034005 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  6. T. Tomašević-Ilić, Đ. Jovanović, I. Popov, R. Fandan, J. Pedrós, M. Spasenović, and R. Gajić, “Reducing sheet resistance of self-assembled transparent graphene films by defect patching and doping with UV/ozone treatment,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 458, 446–453 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  7. Y. Guo, K. Xu, C. Wu, J. Zhao, and Y. Xie, “Surface chemical-modification for engineering the intrinsic physical properties of inorganic two-dimensional nanomaterials,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 44(3), 637–646 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  8. R. Dhall, M. R. Neupane, D. Wickramaratne, M. Mecklenburg, Z. Li, C. Moore, R. K. Lake, and S. Cronin, “Direct bandgap transition in many-layer MoS2 by plasma-induced layer decoupling,” Adv. Mater. 27(9), 1573–1578 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  9. M. Tosun, L. Chan, M. Amani, T. Roy, G. H. Ahn, P. Taheri, C. Carraro, J. W. Ager, R. Maboudian, and A. Javey, “Air-Stable n-Doping of WSe2 by Anion Vacancy Formation with Mild Plasma Treatment,” ACS Nano 10(7), 6853–6860 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  10. J. Shim, A. Oh, D. H. Kang, S. Oh, S. K. Jang, J. Jeon, M. H. Jeon, M. Kim, C. Choi, J. Lee, S. Lee, G. Y. Yeom, Y. J. Song, and J. H. Park, “High-Performance 2D Rhenium Disulfide (ReS2) Transistors and Photodetectors by Oxygen Plasma Treatment,” Adv. Mater. 28(32), 6985–6992 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  11. H. Nan, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Z. Liang, Y. Lu, Q. Chen, D. He, P. Tan, F. Miao, X. Wang, J. Wang, and Z. Ni, “Strong photoluminescence enhancement of MoS2 through defect engineering and oxygen bonding,” ACS Nano 8(6), 5738–5745 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  12. Y. Kim, Y. I. Jhon, J. Park, C. Kim, S. Lee, and Y. M. Jhon, “Plasma functionalization for cyclic transition between neutral and charged excitons in monolayer MoS2,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 21405 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  13. Y. I. Jhon, Y. Kim, J. Park, J. H. Kim, T. Lee, M. Seo, and Y. M. Jhon, “Significant Exciton Brightening in Monolayer Tungsten Disulfides via Fluorination: n-Type Gas Sensing Semiconductors,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26(42), 7551–7559 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  14. J. Yang, R. Xu, J. Pei, Y. W. Myint, F. Wang, Z. Wang, S. Zhang, Z. Yu, and Y. Lu, “Optical tuning of exciton and trion emissions in monolayer phosphorene,” Light: Sci. Appl. 4(7), e312 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  15. C. Ruppert, O. B. Aslan, and T. F. Heinz, “Optical properties and band gap of single- and few-layer MoTe2 crystals,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6231–6236 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  16. A. Khatibi, R. H. Godiksen, S. B. Basuvalingam, D. Pellegrino, A. A. Bol, B. Shokri, and A. G. Curto, “Anisotropic infrared light emission from quasi-1D layered TiS3,” 2D Mater. 7(1), 015022 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  17. Y. Zhou, M. Zhang, Z. Guo, L. Miao, S. T. Han, Z. Wang, X. Zhang, H. Zhang, and Z. Peng, “Recent advances in black phosphorus-based photonics, electronics, sensors and energy devices,” Mater. Horiz. 4(6), 997–1019 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  18. M. Qiu, W. X. Ren, T. Jeong, M. Won, G. Y. Park, D. K. Sang, L. P. Liu, H. Zhang, and J. S. Kim, “Omnipotent phosphorene: a next-generation, two-dimensional nanoplatform for multidisciplinary biomedical applications,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 47(15), 5588–5601 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  19. A. Castellanos-Gomez, “Black Phosphorus: Narrow Gap, Wide Applications,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(21), 4280–4291 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  20. C. Chen, F. Chen, X. Chen, B. Deng, B. Eng, D. Jung, Q. Guo, S. Yuan, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, M. L. Lee, and F. Xia, “Bright Mid-Infrared Photoluminescence from Thin-Film Black Phosphorus,” Nano Lett. 19(3), 1488–1493 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  21. Y. Zhang, S. Wang, S. Chen, Q. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Zhu, X. Zhang, X. Xu, T. Yang, M. He, X. Yang, Z. Li, X. Chen, M. Wu, Y. Lu, R. Ma, W. Lu, and A. Pan, “Wavelength-Tunable Mid-Infrared Lasing from Black Phosphorus Nanosheets,” Adv. Mater.1808319 (2020).
  22. C. Chen, X. Lu, B. Deng, X. Chen, Q. Guo, C. Li, C. Ma, S. Yuan, E. Sung, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, L. Yang, and F. Xia, “Widely tunable mid-infrared light emission in thin-film black phosphorus,” Sci. Adv. 6(7), eaay6134 (2020).
    [Crossref]
  23. J. Zheng, Z. Yang, C. Si, Z. Liang, X. Chen, R. Cao, Z. Guo, K. Wang, Y. Zhang, J. Ji, M. Zhang, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Black Phosphorus Based All-Optical-Signal-Processing: Toward High Performances and Enhanced Stability,” ACS Photonics 4(6), 1466–1476 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  24. Y. Song, S. Chen, Q. Zhang, L. Li, L. Zhao, H. Zhang, and D. Tang, “Vector soliton fiber laser passively mode locked by few layer black phosphorus-based optical saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 24(23), 25933 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  25. W. Lu, H. Nan, J. Hong, Y. Chen, C. Zhu, Z. Liang, X. Ma, Z. Ni, C. Jin, and Z. Zhang, “Plasma-assisted fabrication of monolayer phosphorene and its Raman characterization,” Nano Res. 7(6), 853–859 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  26. J. Jia, S. K. Jang, S. Lai, J. Xu, Y. J. Choi, J. H. Park, and S. Lee, “Plasma-Treated Thickness-Controlled Two-Dimensional Black Phosphorus and Its Electronic Transport Properties,” ACS Nano 9(9), 8729–8736 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  27. G. Lee, J. Y. Lee, G. H. Lee, and J. Kim, “Tuning the thickness of black phosphorus: Via ion bombardment-free plasma etching for device performance improvement,” J. Mater. Chem. C 4(26), 6234–6239 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  28. B. Wan, B. Yang, Y. Wang, J. Zhang, Z. Zeng, Z. Liu, and W. Wang, “Enhanced stability of black phosphorus field-effect transistors with SiO2 passivation,” Nanotechnology 26(43), 435702 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  29. J. Pei, X. Gai, J. Yang, X. Wang, Z. Yu, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and Y. Lu, “Producing air-stable monolayers of phosphorene and their defect engineering,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 10450 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  30. B. B. Wu, H. M. Zheng, Y. Q. Ding, W. J. Liu, H. L. Lu, P. Zhou, L. Chen, Q. Q. Sun, S. J. Ding, and D. W. Zhang, “Direct Growth of Al2O3 on Black Phosphorus by Plasma-Enhanced Atomic Layer Deposition,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 12(1), 282 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  31. D. K. Kim, S. B. Hong, K. Jeong, C. Lee, H. Kim, and M. H. Cho, “P-N Junction Diode Using Plasma Boron-Doped Black Phosphorus for High-Performance Photovoltaic Devices,” ACS Nano 13(2), 1683–1693 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  32. S. Kuriakose, T. Ahmed, S. Balendhran, G. E. Collis, V. Bansal, I. Aharonovich, S. Sriram, M. Bhaskaran, and S. Walia, “Effects of plasma-treatment on the electrical and optoelectronic properties of layered black phosphorus,” Appl. Mater. Today 12, 244–249 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  33. Y. Abate, D. Akinwande, S. Gamage, H. Wang, M. Snure, N. Poudel, and S. B. Cronin, “Recent Progress on Stability and Passivation of Black Phosphorus,” Adv. Mater. 30(29), 1704749 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  34. S. Kuriakose, T. Ahmed, S. Balendhran, V. Bansal, S. Sriram, M. Bhaskaran, and S. Walia, “Black phosphorus: ambient degradation and strategies for protection,” 2D Mater. 5(3), 032001 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  35. F. Wang, G. Zhang, S. Huang, C. Song, C. Wang, Q. Xing, Y. Lei, and H. Yan, “Electronic structures of air-exposed few-layer black phosphorus by optical spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 99(7), 075427 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  36. A. A. Kistanov, Y. Cai, K. Zhou, S. V Dmitriev, and Y.-W. Zhang, “The role of H2O and O2 molecules and phosphorus vacancies in the structure instability of phosphorene,” 2D Mater. 4(1), 015010 (2016).
    [Crossref]
  37. C. Zhao, M. C. Sekhar, W. Lu, C. Zhang, J. Lai, S. Jia, and D. Sun, “Anisotropic visible photoluminescence from thermally annealed few-layer black phosphorus,” Nanotechnology 29(24), 245202 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  38. J. Lu, J. Wu, A. Carvalho, A. Ziletti, H. Liu, J. Tan, Y. Chen, A. H. Castro Neto, B. Özyilmaz, and C. H. Sow, “Bandgap Engineering of Phosphorene by Laser Oxidation toward Functional 2D Materials,” ACS Nano 9(10), 10411–10421 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  39. A. Ziletti, A. Carvalho, D. K. Campbell, D. F. Coker, and A. H. Castro Neto, “Oxygen defects in phosphorene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(4), 046801 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  40. H. Yuan, X. Liu, F. Afshinmanesh, W. Li, G. Xu, J. Sun, B. Lian, A. G. Curto, G. Ye, Y. Hikita, Z. Shen, S.-C. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Brongersma, H. Y. Hwang, and Y. Cui, “Polarization-sensitive broadband photodetector using a black phosphorus vertical p–n junction,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(8), 707–713 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  41. X. Wang, A. M. Jones, K. L. Seyler, V. Tran, Y. Jia, H. Zhao, H. Wang, L. Yang, X. Xu, and F. Xia, “Highly anisotropic and robust excitons in monolayer black phosphorus,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(6), 517–521 (2015).
    [Crossref]

2020 (1)

C. Chen, X. Lu, B. Deng, X. Chen, Q. Guo, C. Li, C. Ma, S. Yuan, E. Sung, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, L. Yang, and F. Xia, “Widely tunable mid-infrared light emission in thin-film black phosphorus,” Sci. Adv. 6(7), eaay6134 (2020).
[Crossref]

2019 (6)

C. Chen, F. Chen, X. Chen, B. Deng, B. Eng, D. Jung, Q. Guo, S. Yuan, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, M. L. Lee, and F. Xia, “Bright Mid-Infrared Photoluminescence from Thin-Film Black Phosphorus,” Nano Lett. 19(3), 1488–1493 (2019).
[Crossref]

D. K. Kim, S. B. Hong, K. Jeong, C. Lee, H. Kim, and M. H. Cho, “P-N Junction Diode Using Plasma Boron-Doped Black Phosphorus for High-Performance Photovoltaic Devices,” ACS Nano 13(2), 1683–1693 (2019).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, G. Zhang, S. Huang, C. Song, C. Wang, Q. Xing, Y. Lei, and H. Yan, “Electronic structures of air-exposed few-layer black phosphorus by optical spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 99(7), 075427 (2019).
[Crossref]

T. Susi, J. C. Meyer, and J. Kotakoski, “Quantifying transmission electron microscopy irradiation effects using two-dimensional materials,” Nat. Rev. Phys. 1(6), 397–405 (2019).
[Crossref]

Z. Cheng, H. Abuzaid, Y. Yu, F. Zhang, Y. Li, S. G. Noyce, N. X. Williams, Y.-C. Lin, J. L. Doherty, C. Tao, L. Cao, and A. D. Franklin, “Convergent ion beam alteration of 2D materials and metal-2D interfaces,” 2D Mater. 6(3), 034005 (2019).
[Crossref]

A. Khatibi, R. H. Godiksen, S. B. Basuvalingam, D. Pellegrino, A. A. Bol, B. Shokri, and A. G. Curto, “Anisotropic infrared light emission from quasi-1D layered TiS3,” 2D Mater. 7(1), 015022 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (7)

M. Qiu, W. X. Ren, T. Jeong, M. Won, G. Y. Park, D. K. Sang, L. P. Liu, H. Zhang, and J. S. Kim, “Omnipotent phosphorene: a next-generation, two-dimensional nanoplatform for multidisciplinary biomedical applications,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 47(15), 5588–5601 (2018).
[Crossref]

T. Tomašević-Ilić, Đ. Jovanović, I. Popov, R. Fandan, J. Pedrós, M. Spasenović, and R. Gajić, “Reducing sheet resistance of self-assembled transparent graphene films by defect patching and doping with UV/ozone treatment,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 458, 446–453 (2018).
[Crossref]

Z. Hu, Z. Wu, C. Han, J. He, Z. Ni, and W. Chen, “Two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides: Interface and defect engineering,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 47(9), 3100–3128 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Kuriakose, T. Ahmed, S. Balendhran, G. E. Collis, V. Bansal, I. Aharonovich, S. Sriram, M. Bhaskaran, and S. Walia, “Effects of plasma-treatment on the electrical and optoelectronic properties of layered black phosphorus,” Appl. Mater. Today 12, 244–249 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Abate, D. Akinwande, S. Gamage, H. Wang, M. Snure, N. Poudel, and S. B. Cronin, “Recent Progress on Stability and Passivation of Black Phosphorus,” Adv. Mater. 30(29), 1704749 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Kuriakose, T. Ahmed, S. Balendhran, V. Bansal, S. Sriram, M. Bhaskaran, and S. Walia, “Black phosphorus: ambient degradation and strategies for protection,” 2D Mater. 5(3), 032001 (2018).
[Crossref]

C. Zhao, M. C. Sekhar, W. Lu, C. Zhang, J. Lai, S. Jia, and D. Sun, “Anisotropic visible photoluminescence from thermally annealed few-layer black phosphorus,” Nanotechnology 29(24), 245202 (2018).
[Crossref]

2017 (3)

B. B. Wu, H. M. Zheng, Y. Q. Ding, W. J. Liu, H. L. Lu, P. Zhou, L. Chen, Q. Q. Sun, S. J. Ding, and D. W. Zhang, “Direct Growth of Al2O3 on Black Phosphorus by Plasma-Enhanced Atomic Layer Deposition,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 12(1), 282 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Zheng, Z. Yang, C. Si, Z. Liang, X. Chen, R. Cao, Z. Guo, K. Wang, Y. Zhang, J. Ji, M. Zhang, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Black Phosphorus Based All-Optical-Signal-Processing: Toward High Performances and Enhanced Stability,” ACS Photonics 4(6), 1466–1476 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhou, M. Zhang, Z. Guo, L. Miao, S. T. Han, Z. Wang, X. Zhang, H. Zhang, and Z. Peng, “Recent advances in black phosphorus-based photonics, electronics, sensors and energy devices,” Mater. Horiz. 4(6), 997–1019 (2017).
[Crossref]

2016 (9)

Y. Kim, Y. I. Jhon, J. Park, C. Kim, S. Lee, and Y. M. Jhon, “Plasma functionalization for cyclic transition between neutral and charged excitons in monolayer MoS2,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 21405 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. I. Jhon, Y. Kim, J. Park, J. H. Kim, T. Lee, M. Seo, and Y. M. Jhon, “Significant Exciton Brightening in Monolayer Tungsten Disulfides via Fluorination: n-Type Gas Sensing Semiconductors,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26(42), 7551–7559 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Lin, B. R. Carvalho, E. Kahn, R. Lv, R. Rao, H. Terrones, M. A. Pimenta, and M. Terrones, “Defect engineering of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides,” 2D Mater. 3(2), 022002 (2016).
[Crossref]

M. Tosun, L. Chan, M. Amani, T. Roy, G. H. Ahn, P. Taheri, C. Carraro, J. W. Ager, R. Maboudian, and A. Javey, “Air-Stable n-Doping of WSe2 by Anion Vacancy Formation with Mild Plasma Treatment,” ACS Nano 10(7), 6853–6860 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Shim, A. Oh, D. H. Kang, S. Oh, S. K. Jang, J. Jeon, M. H. Jeon, M. Kim, C. Choi, J. Lee, S. Lee, G. Y. Yeom, Y. J. Song, and J. H. Park, “High-Performance 2D Rhenium Disulfide (ReS2) Transistors and Photodetectors by Oxygen Plasma Treatment,” Adv. Mater. 28(32), 6985–6992 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Song, S. Chen, Q. Zhang, L. Li, L. Zhao, H. Zhang, and D. Tang, “Vector soliton fiber laser passively mode locked by few layer black phosphorus-based optical saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 24(23), 25933 (2016).
[Crossref]

G. Lee, J. Y. Lee, G. H. Lee, and J. Kim, “Tuning the thickness of black phosphorus: Via ion bombardment-free plasma etching for device performance improvement,” J. Mater. Chem. C 4(26), 6234–6239 (2016).
[Crossref]

A. A. Kistanov, Y. Cai, K. Zhou, S. V Dmitriev, and Y.-W. Zhang, “The role of H2O and O2 molecules and phosphorus vacancies in the structure instability of phosphorene,” 2D Mater. 4(1), 015010 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Pei, X. Gai, J. Yang, X. Wang, Z. Yu, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and Y. Lu, “Producing air-stable monolayers of phosphorene and their defect engineering,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 10450 (2016).
[Crossref]

2015 (11)

J. Jia, S. K. Jang, S. Lai, J. Xu, Y. J. Choi, J. H. Park, and S. Lee, “Plasma-Treated Thickness-Controlled Two-Dimensional Black Phosphorus and Its Electronic Transport Properties,” ACS Nano 9(9), 8729–8736 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. Wan, B. Yang, Y. Wang, J. Zhang, Z. Zeng, Z. Liu, and W. Wang, “Enhanced stability of black phosphorus field-effect transistors with SiO2 passivation,” Nanotechnology 26(43), 435702 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Zou and B. I. Yakobson, “An open canvas - 2D materials with defects, disorder, and functionality,” Acc. Chem. Res. 48(1), 73–80 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Guo, K. Xu, C. Wu, J. Zhao, and Y. Xie, “Surface chemical-modification for engineering the intrinsic physical properties of inorganic two-dimensional nanomaterials,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 44(3), 637–646 (2015).
[Crossref]

R. Dhall, M. R. Neupane, D. Wickramaratne, M. Mecklenburg, Z. Li, C. Moore, R. K. Lake, and S. Cronin, “Direct bandgap transition in many-layer MoS2 by plasma-induced layer decoupling,” Adv. Mater. 27(9), 1573–1578 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Yang, R. Xu, J. Pei, Y. W. Myint, F. Wang, Z. Wang, S. Zhang, Z. Yu, and Y. Lu, “Optical tuning of exciton and trion emissions in monolayer phosphorene,” Light: Sci. Appl. 4(7), e312 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Castellanos-Gomez, “Black Phosphorus: Narrow Gap, Wide Applications,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(21), 4280–4291 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Lu, J. Wu, A. Carvalho, A. Ziletti, H. Liu, J. Tan, Y. Chen, A. H. Castro Neto, B. Özyilmaz, and C. H. Sow, “Bandgap Engineering of Phosphorene by Laser Oxidation toward Functional 2D Materials,” ACS Nano 9(10), 10411–10421 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Ziletti, A. Carvalho, D. K. Campbell, D. F. Coker, and A. H. Castro Neto, “Oxygen defects in phosphorene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(4), 046801 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Yuan, X. Liu, F. Afshinmanesh, W. Li, G. Xu, J. Sun, B. Lian, A. G. Curto, G. Ye, Y. Hikita, Z. Shen, S.-C. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Brongersma, H. Y. Hwang, and Y. Cui, “Polarization-sensitive broadband photodetector using a black phosphorus vertical p–n junction,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(8), 707–713 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, A. M. Jones, K. L. Seyler, V. Tran, Y. Jia, H. Zhao, H. Wang, L. Yang, X. Xu, and F. Xia, “Highly anisotropic and robust excitons in monolayer black phosphorus,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(6), 517–521 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (3)

C. Ruppert, O. B. Aslan, and T. F. Heinz, “Optical properties and band gap of single- and few-layer MoTe2 crystals,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6231–6236 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Nan, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Z. Liang, Y. Lu, Q. Chen, D. He, P. Tan, F. Miao, X. Wang, J. Wang, and Z. Ni, “Strong photoluminescence enhancement of MoS2 through defect engineering and oxygen bonding,” ACS Nano 8(6), 5738–5745 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Lu, H. Nan, J. Hong, Y. Chen, C. Zhu, Z. Liang, X. Ma, Z. Ni, C. Jin, and Z. Zhang, “Plasma-assisted fabrication of monolayer phosphorene and its Raman characterization,” Nano Res. 7(6), 853–859 (2014).
[Crossref]

Abate, Y.

Y. Abate, D. Akinwande, S. Gamage, H. Wang, M. Snure, N. Poudel, and S. B. Cronin, “Recent Progress on Stability and Passivation of Black Phosphorus,” Adv. Mater. 30(29), 1704749 (2018).
[Crossref]

Abuzaid, H.

Z. Cheng, H. Abuzaid, Y. Yu, F. Zhang, Y. Li, S. G. Noyce, N. X. Williams, Y.-C. Lin, J. L. Doherty, C. Tao, L. Cao, and A. D. Franklin, “Convergent ion beam alteration of 2D materials and metal-2D interfaces,” 2D Mater. 6(3), 034005 (2019).
[Crossref]

Afshinmanesh, F.

H. Yuan, X. Liu, F. Afshinmanesh, W. Li, G. Xu, J. Sun, B. Lian, A. G. Curto, G. Ye, Y. Hikita, Z. Shen, S.-C. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Brongersma, H. Y. Hwang, and Y. Cui, “Polarization-sensitive broadband photodetector using a black phosphorus vertical p–n junction,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(8), 707–713 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ager, J. W.

M. Tosun, L. Chan, M. Amani, T. Roy, G. H. Ahn, P. Taheri, C. Carraro, J. W. Ager, R. Maboudian, and A. Javey, “Air-Stable n-Doping of WSe2 by Anion Vacancy Formation with Mild Plasma Treatment,” ACS Nano 10(7), 6853–6860 (2016).
[Crossref]

Aharonovich, I.

S. Kuriakose, T. Ahmed, S. Balendhran, G. E. Collis, V. Bansal, I. Aharonovich, S. Sriram, M. Bhaskaran, and S. Walia, “Effects of plasma-treatment on the electrical and optoelectronic properties of layered black phosphorus,” Appl. Mater. Today 12, 244–249 (2018).
[Crossref]

Ahmed, T.

S. Kuriakose, T. Ahmed, S. Balendhran, G. E. Collis, V. Bansal, I. Aharonovich, S. Sriram, M. Bhaskaran, and S. Walia, “Effects of plasma-treatment on the electrical and optoelectronic properties of layered black phosphorus,” Appl. Mater. Today 12, 244–249 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Kuriakose, T. Ahmed, S. Balendhran, V. Bansal, S. Sriram, M. Bhaskaran, and S. Walia, “Black phosphorus: ambient degradation and strategies for protection,” 2D Mater. 5(3), 032001 (2018).
[Crossref]

Ahn, G. H.

M. Tosun, L. Chan, M. Amani, T. Roy, G. H. Ahn, P. Taheri, C. Carraro, J. W. Ager, R. Maboudian, and A. Javey, “Air-Stable n-Doping of WSe2 by Anion Vacancy Formation with Mild Plasma Treatment,” ACS Nano 10(7), 6853–6860 (2016).
[Crossref]

Akinwande, D.

Y. Abate, D. Akinwande, S. Gamage, H. Wang, M. Snure, N. Poudel, and S. B. Cronin, “Recent Progress on Stability and Passivation of Black Phosphorus,” Adv. Mater. 30(29), 1704749 (2018).
[Crossref]

Amani, M.

M. Tosun, L. Chan, M. Amani, T. Roy, G. H. Ahn, P. Taheri, C. Carraro, J. W. Ager, R. Maboudian, and A. Javey, “Air-Stable n-Doping of WSe2 by Anion Vacancy Formation with Mild Plasma Treatment,” ACS Nano 10(7), 6853–6860 (2016).
[Crossref]

Aslan, O. B.

C. Ruppert, O. B. Aslan, and T. F. Heinz, “Optical properties and band gap of single- and few-layer MoTe2 crystals,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6231–6236 (2014).
[Crossref]

Balendhran, S.

S. Kuriakose, T. Ahmed, S. Balendhran, G. E. Collis, V. Bansal, I. Aharonovich, S. Sriram, M. Bhaskaran, and S. Walia, “Effects of plasma-treatment on the electrical and optoelectronic properties of layered black phosphorus,” Appl. Mater. Today 12, 244–249 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Kuriakose, T. Ahmed, S. Balendhran, V. Bansal, S. Sriram, M. Bhaskaran, and S. Walia, “Black phosphorus: ambient degradation and strategies for protection,” 2D Mater. 5(3), 032001 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bansal, V.

S. Kuriakose, T. Ahmed, S. Balendhran, V. Bansal, S. Sriram, M. Bhaskaran, and S. Walia, “Black phosphorus: ambient degradation and strategies for protection,” 2D Mater. 5(3), 032001 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Kuriakose, T. Ahmed, S. Balendhran, G. E. Collis, V. Bansal, I. Aharonovich, S. Sriram, M. Bhaskaran, and S. Walia, “Effects of plasma-treatment on the electrical and optoelectronic properties of layered black phosphorus,” Appl. Mater. Today 12, 244–249 (2018).
[Crossref]

Basuvalingam, S. B.

A. Khatibi, R. H. Godiksen, S. B. Basuvalingam, D. Pellegrino, A. A. Bol, B. Shokri, and A. G. Curto, “Anisotropic infrared light emission from quasi-1D layered TiS3,” 2D Mater. 7(1), 015022 (2019).
[Crossref]

Bhaskaran, M.

S. Kuriakose, T. Ahmed, S. Balendhran, G. E. Collis, V. Bansal, I. Aharonovich, S. Sriram, M. Bhaskaran, and S. Walia, “Effects of plasma-treatment on the electrical and optoelectronic properties of layered black phosphorus,” Appl. Mater. Today 12, 244–249 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Kuriakose, T. Ahmed, S. Balendhran, V. Bansal, S. Sriram, M. Bhaskaran, and S. Walia, “Black phosphorus: ambient degradation and strategies for protection,” 2D Mater. 5(3), 032001 (2018).
[Crossref]

Bol, A. A.

A. Khatibi, R. H. Godiksen, S. B. Basuvalingam, D. Pellegrino, A. A. Bol, B. Shokri, and A. G. Curto, “Anisotropic infrared light emission from quasi-1D layered TiS3,” 2D Mater. 7(1), 015022 (2019).
[Crossref]

Brongersma, M.

H. Yuan, X. Liu, F. Afshinmanesh, W. Li, G. Xu, J. Sun, B. Lian, A. G. Curto, G. Ye, Y. Hikita, Z. Shen, S.-C. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Brongersma, H. Y. Hwang, and Y. Cui, “Polarization-sensitive broadband photodetector using a black phosphorus vertical p–n junction,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(8), 707–713 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cai, Y.

A. A. Kistanov, Y. Cai, K. Zhou, S. V Dmitriev, and Y.-W. Zhang, “The role of H2O and O2 molecules and phosphorus vacancies in the structure instability of phosphorene,” 2D Mater. 4(1), 015010 (2016).
[Crossref]

Campbell, D. K.

A. Ziletti, A. Carvalho, D. K. Campbell, D. F. Coker, and A. H. Castro Neto, “Oxygen defects in phosphorene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(4), 046801 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cao, L.

Z. Cheng, H. Abuzaid, Y. Yu, F. Zhang, Y. Li, S. G. Noyce, N. X. Williams, Y.-C. Lin, J. L. Doherty, C. Tao, L. Cao, and A. D. Franklin, “Convergent ion beam alteration of 2D materials and metal-2D interfaces,” 2D Mater. 6(3), 034005 (2019).
[Crossref]

Cao, R.

J. Zheng, Z. Yang, C. Si, Z. Liang, X. Chen, R. Cao, Z. Guo, K. Wang, Y. Zhang, J. Ji, M. Zhang, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Black Phosphorus Based All-Optical-Signal-Processing: Toward High Performances and Enhanced Stability,” ACS Photonics 4(6), 1466–1476 (2017).
[Crossref]

Carraro, C.

M. Tosun, L. Chan, M. Amani, T. Roy, G. H. Ahn, P. Taheri, C. Carraro, J. W. Ager, R. Maboudian, and A. Javey, “Air-Stable n-Doping of WSe2 by Anion Vacancy Formation with Mild Plasma Treatment,” ACS Nano 10(7), 6853–6860 (2016).
[Crossref]

Carvalho, A.

A. Ziletti, A. Carvalho, D. K. Campbell, D. F. Coker, and A. H. Castro Neto, “Oxygen defects in phosphorene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(4), 046801 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Lu, J. Wu, A. Carvalho, A. Ziletti, H. Liu, J. Tan, Y. Chen, A. H. Castro Neto, B. Özyilmaz, and C. H. Sow, “Bandgap Engineering of Phosphorene by Laser Oxidation toward Functional 2D Materials,” ACS Nano 9(10), 10411–10421 (2015).
[Crossref]

Carvalho, B. R.

Z. Lin, B. R. Carvalho, E. Kahn, R. Lv, R. Rao, H. Terrones, M. A. Pimenta, and M. Terrones, “Defect engineering of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides,” 2D Mater. 3(2), 022002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Castellanos-Gomez, A.

A. Castellanos-Gomez, “Black Phosphorus: Narrow Gap, Wide Applications,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(21), 4280–4291 (2015).
[Crossref]

Castro Neto, A. H.

J. Lu, J. Wu, A. Carvalho, A. Ziletti, H. Liu, J. Tan, Y. Chen, A. H. Castro Neto, B. Özyilmaz, and C. H. Sow, “Bandgap Engineering of Phosphorene by Laser Oxidation toward Functional 2D Materials,” ACS Nano 9(10), 10411–10421 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Ziletti, A. Carvalho, D. K. Campbell, D. F. Coker, and A. H. Castro Neto, “Oxygen defects in phosphorene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(4), 046801 (2015).
[Crossref]

Chan, L.

M. Tosun, L. Chan, M. Amani, T. Roy, G. H. Ahn, P. Taheri, C. Carraro, J. W. Ager, R. Maboudian, and A. Javey, “Air-Stable n-Doping of WSe2 by Anion Vacancy Formation with Mild Plasma Treatment,” ACS Nano 10(7), 6853–6860 (2016).
[Crossref]

Chen, C.

C. Chen, X. Lu, B. Deng, X. Chen, Q. Guo, C. Li, C. Ma, S. Yuan, E. Sung, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, L. Yang, and F. Xia, “Widely tunable mid-infrared light emission in thin-film black phosphorus,” Sci. Adv. 6(7), eaay6134 (2020).
[Crossref]

C. Chen, F. Chen, X. Chen, B. Deng, B. Eng, D. Jung, Q. Guo, S. Yuan, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, M. L. Lee, and F. Xia, “Bright Mid-Infrared Photoluminescence from Thin-Film Black Phosphorus,” Nano Lett. 19(3), 1488–1493 (2019).
[Crossref]

Chen, F.

C. Chen, F. Chen, X. Chen, B. Deng, B. Eng, D. Jung, Q. Guo, S. Yuan, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, M. L. Lee, and F. Xia, “Bright Mid-Infrared Photoluminescence from Thin-Film Black Phosphorus,” Nano Lett. 19(3), 1488–1493 (2019).
[Crossref]

Chen, L.

B. B. Wu, H. M. Zheng, Y. Q. Ding, W. J. Liu, H. L. Lu, P. Zhou, L. Chen, Q. Q. Sun, S. J. Ding, and D. W. Zhang, “Direct Growth of Al2O3 on Black Phosphorus by Plasma-Enhanced Atomic Layer Deposition,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 12(1), 282 (2017).
[Crossref]

Chen, Q.

H. Nan, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Z. Liang, Y. Lu, Q. Chen, D. He, P. Tan, F. Miao, X. Wang, J. Wang, and Z. Ni, “Strong photoluminescence enhancement of MoS2 through defect engineering and oxygen bonding,” ACS Nano 8(6), 5738–5745 (2014).
[Crossref]

Chen, S.

Y. Song, S. Chen, Q. Zhang, L. Li, L. Zhao, H. Zhang, and D. Tang, “Vector soliton fiber laser passively mode locked by few layer black phosphorus-based optical saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 24(23), 25933 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, S. Wang, S. Chen, Q. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Zhu, X. Zhang, X. Xu, T. Yang, M. He, X. Yang, Z. Li, X. Chen, M. Wu, Y. Lu, R. Ma, W. Lu, and A. Pan, “Wavelength-Tunable Mid-Infrared Lasing from Black Phosphorus Nanosheets,” Adv. Mater.1808319 (2020).

Chen, W.

Z. Hu, Z. Wu, C. Han, J. He, Z. Ni, and W. Chen, “Two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides: Interface and defect engineering,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 47(9), 3100–3128 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chen, X.

C. Chen, X. Lu, B. Deng, X. Chen, Q. Guo, C. Li, C. Ma, S. Yuan, E. Sung, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, L. Yang, and F. Xia, “Widely tunable mid-infrared light emission in thin-film black phosphorus,” Sci. Adv. 6(7), eaay6134 (2020).
[Crossref]

C. Chen, F. Chen, X. Chen, B. Deng, B. Eng, D. Jung, Q. Guo, S. Yuan, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, M. L. Lee, and F. Xia, “Bright Mid-Infrared Photoluminescence from Thin-Film Black Phosphorus,” Nano Lett. 19(3), 1488–1493 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Zheng, Z. Yang, C. Si, Z. Liang, X. Chen, R. Cao, Z. Guo, K. Wang, Y. Zhang, J. Ji, M. Zhang, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Black Phosphorus Based All-Optical-Signal-Processing: Toward High Performances and Enhanced Stability,” ACS Photonics 4(6), 1466–1476 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Yuan, X. Liu, F. Afshinmanesh, W. Li, G. Xu, J. Sun, B. Lian, A. G. Curto, G. Ye, Y. Hikita, Z. Shen, S.-C. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Brongersma, H. Y. Hwang, and Y. Cui, “Polarization-sensitive broadband photodetector using a black phosphorus vertical p–n junction,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(8), 707–713 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, S. Wang, S. Chen, Q. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Zhu, X. Zhang, X. Xu, T. Yang, M. He, X. Yang, Z. Li, X. Chen, M. Wu, Y. Lu, R. Ma, W. Lu, and A. Pan, “Wavelength-Tunable Mid-Infrared Lasing from Black Phosphorus Nanosheets,” Adv. Mater.1808319 (2020).

Chen, Y.

J. Lu, J. Wu, A. Carvalho, A. Ziletti, H. Liu, J. Tan, Y. Chen, A. H. Castro Neto, B. Özyilmaz, and C. H. Sow, “Bandgap Engineering of Phosphorene by Laser Oxidation toward Functional 2D Materials,” ACS Nano 9(10), 10411–10421 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Lu, H. Nan, J. Hong, Y. Chen, C. Zhu, Z. Liang, X. Ma, Z. Ni, C. Jin, and Z. Zhang, “Plasma-assisted fabrication of monolayer phosphorene and its Raman characterization,” Nano Res. 7(6), 853–859 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cheng, Z.

Z. Cheng, H. Abuzaid, Y. Yu, F. Zhang, Y. Li, S. G. Noyce, N. X. Williams, Y.-C. Lin, J. L. Doherty, C. Tao, L. Cao, and A. D. Franklin, “Convergent ion beam alteration of 2D materials and metal-2D interfaces,” 2D Mater. 6(3), 034005 (2019).
[Crossref]

Cho, M. H.

D. K. Kim, S. B. Hong, K. Jeong, C. Lee, H. Kim, and M. H. Cho, “P-N Junction Diode Using Plasma Boron-Doped Black Phosphorus for High-Performance Photovoltaic Devices,” ACS Nano 13(2), 1683–1693 (2019).
[Crossref]

Choi, C.

J. Shim, A. Oh, D. H. Kang, S. Oh, S. K. Jang, J. Jeon, M. H. Jeon, M. Kim, C. Choi, J. Lee, S. Lee, G. Y. Yeom, Y. J. Song, and J. H. Park, “High-Performance 2D Rhenium Disulfide (ReS2) Transistors and Photodetectors by Oxygen Plasma Treatment,” Adv. Mater. 28(32), 6985–6992 (2016).
[Crossref]

Choi, D. Y.

J. Pei, X. Gai, J. Yang, X. Wang, Z. Yu, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and Y. Lu, “Producing air-stable monolayers of phosphorene and their defect engineering,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 10450 (2016).
[Crossref]

Choi, Y. J.

J. Jia, S. K. Jang, S. Lai, J. Xu, Y. J. Choi, J. H. Park, and S. Lee, “Plasma-Treated Thickness-Controlled Two-Dimensional Black Phosphorus and Its Electronic Transport Properties,” ACS Nano 9(9), 8729–8736 (2015).
[Crossref]

Coker, D. F.

A. Ziletti, A. Carvalho, D. K. Campbell, D. F. Coker, and A. H. Castro Neto, “Oxygen defects in phosphorene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(4), 046801 (2015).
[Crossref]

Collis, G. E.

S. Kuriakose, T. Ahmed, S. Balendhran, G. E. Collis, V. Bansal, I. Aharonovich, S. Sriram, M. Bhaskaran, and S. Walia, “Effects of plasma-treatment on the electrical and optoelectronic properties of layered black phosphorus,” Appl. Mater. Today 12, 244–249 (2018).
[Crossref]

Cronin, S.

R. Dhall, M. R. Neupane, D. Wickramaratne, M. Mecklenburg, Z. Li, C. Moore, R. K. Lake, and S. Cronin, “Direct bandgap transition in many-layer MoS2 by plasma-induced layer decoupling,” Adv. Mater. 27(9), 1573–1578 (2015).
[Crossref]

Cronin, S. B.

Y. Abate, D. Akinwande, S. Gamage, H. Wang, M. Snure, N. Poudel, and S. B. Cronin, “Recent Progress on Stability and Passivation of Black Phosphorus,” Adv. Mater. 30(29), 1704749 (2018).
[Crossref]

Cui, Y.

H. Yuan, X. Liu, F. Afshinmanesh, W. Li, G. Xu, J. Sun, B. Lian, A. G. Curto, G. Ye, Y. Hikita, Z. Shen, S.-C. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Brongersma, H. Y. Hwang, and Y. Cui, “Polarization-sensitive broadband photodetector using a black phosphorus vertical p–n junction,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(8), 707–713 (2015).
[Crossref]

Curto, A. G.

A. Khatibi, R. H. Godiksen, S. B. Basuvalingam, D. Pellegrino, A. A. Bol, B. Shokri, and A. G. Curto, “Anisotropic infrared light emission from quasi-1D layered TiS3,” 2D Mater. 7(1), 015022 (2019).
[Crossref]

H. Yuan, X. Liu, F. Afshinmanesh, W. Li, G. Xu, J. Sun, B. Lian, A. G. Curto, G. Ye, Y. Hikita, Z. Shen, S.-C. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Brongersma, H. Y. Hwang, and Y. Cui, “Polarization-sensitive broadband photodetector using a black phosphorus vertical p–n junction,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(8), 707–713 (2015).
[Crossref]

Deng, B.

C. Chen, X. Lu, B. Deng, X. Chen, Q. Guo, C. Li, C. Ma, S. Yuan, E. Sung, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, L. Yang, and F. Xia, “Widely tunable mid-infrared light emission in thin-film black phosphorus,” Sci. Adv. 6(7), eaay6134 (2020).
[Crossref]

C. Chen, F. Chen, X. Chen, B. Deng, B. Eng, D. Jung, Q. Guo, S. Yuan, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, M. L. Lee, and F. Xia, “Bright Mid-Infrared Photoluminescence from Thin-Film Black Phosphorus,” Nano Lett. 19(3), 1488–1493 (2019).
[Crossref]

Dhall, R.

R. Dhall, M. R. Neupane, D. Wickramaratne, M. Mecklenburg, Z. Li, C. Moore, R. K. Lake, and S. Cronin, “Direct bandgap transition in many-layer MoS2 by plasma-induced layer decoupling,” Adv. Mater. 27(9), 1573–1578 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ding, S. J.

B. B. Wu, H. M. Zheng, Y. Q. Ding, W. J. Liu, H. L. Lu, P. Zhou, L. Chen, Q. Q. Sun, S. J. Ding, and D. W. Zhang, “Direct Growth of Al2O3 on Black Phosphorus by Plasma-Enhanced Atomic Layer Deposition,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 12(1), 282 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ding, Y. Q.

B. B. Wu, H. M. Zheng, Y. Q. Ding, W. J. Liu, H. L. Lu, P. Zhou, L. Chen, Q. Q. Sun, S. J. Ding, and D. W. Zhang, “Direct Growth of Al2O3 on Black Phosphorus by Plasma-Enhanced Atomic Layer Deposition,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 12(1), 282 (2017).
[Crossref]

Dmitriev, S. V

A. A. Kistanov, Y. Cai, K. Zhou, S. V Dmitriev, and Y.-W. Zhang, “The role of H2O and O2 molecules and phosphorus vacancies in the structure instability of phosphorene,” 2D Mater. 4(1), 015010 (2016).
[Crossref]

Doherty, J. L.

Z. Cheng, H. Abuzaid, Y. Yu, F. Zhang, Y. Li, S. G. Noyce, N. X. Williams, Y.-C. Lin, J. L. Doherty, C. Tao, L. Cao, and A. D. Franklin, “Convergent ion beam alteration of 2D materials and metal-2D interfaces,” 2D Mater. 6(3), 034005 (2019).
[Crossref]

Eng, B.

C. Chen, F. Chen, X. Chen, B. Deng, B. Eng, D. Jung, Q. Guo, S. Yuan, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, M. L. Lee, and F. Xia, “Bright Mid-Infrared Photoluminescence from Thin-Film Black Phosphorus,” Nano Lett. 19(3), 1488–1493 (2019).
[Crossref]

Fan, D.

J. Zheng, Z. Yang, C. Si, Z. Liang, X. Chen, R. Cao, Z. Guo, K. Wang, Y. Zhang, J. Ji, M. Zhang, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Black Phosphorus Based All-Optical-Signal-Processing: Toward High Performances and Enhanced Stability,” ACS Photonics 4(6), 1466–1476 (2017).
[Crossref]

Fandan, R.

T. Tomašević-Ilić, Đ. Jovanović, I. Popov, R. Fandan, J. Pedrós, M. Spasenović, and R. Gajić, “Reducing sheet resistance of self-assembled transparent graphene films by defect patching and doping with UV/ozone treatment,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 458, 446–453 (2018).
[Crossref]

Franklin, A. D.

Z. Cheng, H. Abuzaid, Y. Yu, F. Zhang, Y. Li, S. G. Noyce, N. X. Williams, Y.-C. Lin, J. L. Doherty, C. Tao, L. Cao, and A. D. Franklin, “Convergent ion beam alteration of 2D materials and metal-2D interfaces,” 2D Mater. 6(3), 034005 (2019).
[Crossref]

Gai, X.

J. Pei, X. Gai, J. Yang, X. Wang, Z. Yu, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and Y. Lu, “Producing air-stable monolayers of phosphorene and their defect engineering,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 10450 (2016).
[Crossref]

Gajic, R.

T. Tomašević-Ilić, Đ. Jovanović, I. Popov, R. Fandan, J. Pedrós, M. Spasenović, and R. Gajić, “Reducing sheet resistance of self-assembled transparent graphene films by defect patching and doping with UV/ozone treatment,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 458, 446–453 (2018).
[Crossref]

Gamage, S.

Y. Abate, D. Akinwande, S. Gamage, H. Wang, M. Snure, N. Poudel, and S. B. Cronin, “Recent Progress on Stability and Passivation of Black Phosphorus,” Adv. Mater. 30(29), 1704749 (2018).
[Crossref]

Godiksen, R. H.

A. Khatibi, R. H. Godiksen, S. B. Basuvalingam, D. Pellegrino, A. A. Bol, B. Shokri, and A. G. Curto, “Anisotropic infrared light emission from quasi-1D layered TiS3,” 2D Mater. 7(1), 015022 (2019).
[Crossref]

Guo, Q.

C. Chen, X. Lu, B. Deng, X. Chen, Q. Guo, C. Li, C. Ma, S. Yuan, E. Sung, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, L. Yang, and F. Xia, “Widely tunable mid-infrared light emission in thin-film black phosphorus,” Sci. Adv. 6(7), eaay6134 (2020).
[Crossref]

C. Chen, F. Chen, X. Chen, B. Deng, B. Eng, D. Jung, Q. Guo, S. Yuan, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, M. L. Lee, and F. Xia, “Bright Mid-Infrared Photoluminescence from Thin-Film Black Phosphorus,” Nano Lett. 19(3), 1488–1493 (2019).
[Crossref]

Guo, Y.

Y. Guo, K. Xu, C. Wu, J. Zhao, and Y. Xie, “Surface chemical-modification for engineering the intrinsic physical properties of inorganic two-dimensional nanomaterials,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 44(3), 637–646 (2015).
[Crossref]

Guo, Z.

J. Zheng, Z. Yang, C. Si, Z. Liang, X. Chen, R. Cao, Z. Guo, K. Wang, Y. Zhang, J. Ji, M. Zhang, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Black Phosphorus Based All-Optical-Signal-Processing: Toward High Performances and Enhanced Stability,” ACS Photonics 4(6), 1466–1476 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhou, M. Zhang, Z. Guo, L. Miao, S. T. Han, Z. Wang, X. Zhang, H. Zhang, and Z. Peng, “Recent advances in black phosphorus-based photonics, electronics, sensors and energy devices,” Mater. Horiz. 4(6), 997–1019 (2017).
[Crossref]

Han, C.

Z. Hu, Z. Wu, C. Han, J. He, Z. Ni, and W. Chen, “Two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides: Interface and defect engineering,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 47(9), 3100–3128 (2018).
[Crossref]

Han, S. T.

Y. Zhou, M. Zhang, Z. Guo, L. Miao, S. T. Han, Z. Wang, X. Zhang, H. Zhang, and Z. Peng, “Recent advances in black phosphorus-based photonics, electronics, sensors and energy devices,” Mater. Horiz. 4(6), 997–1019 (2017).
[Crossref]

He, D.

H. Nan, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Z. Liang, Y. Lu, Q. Chen, D. He, P. Tan, F. Miao, X. Wang, J. Wang, and Z. Ni, “Strong photoluminescence enhancement of MoS2 through defect engineering and oxygen bonding,” ACS Nano 8(6), 5738–5745 (2014).
[Crossref]

He, J.

Z. Hu, Z. Wu, C. Han, J. He, Z. Ni, and W. Chen, “Two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides: Interface and defect engineering,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 47(9), 3100–3128 (2018).
[Crossref]

He, M.

Y. Zhang, S. Wang, S. Chen, Q. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Zhu, X. Zhang, X. Xu, T. Yang, M. He, X. Yang, Z. Li, X. Chen, M. Wu, Y. Lu, R. Ma, W. Lu, and A. Pan, “Wavelength-Tunable Mid-Infrared Lasing from Black Phosphorus Nanosheets,” Adv. Mater.1808319 (2020).

Heinz, T. F.

C. Ruppert, O. B. Aslan, and T. F. Heinz, “Optical properties and band gap of single- and few-layer MoTe2 crystals,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6231–6236 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hikita, Y.

H. Yuan, X. Liu, F. Afshinmanesh, W. Li, G. Xu, J. Sun, B. Lian, A. G. Curto, G. Ye, Y. Hikita, Z. Shen, S.-C. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Brongersma, H. Y. Hwang, and Y. Cui, “Polarization-sensitive broadband photodetector using a black phosphorus vertical p–n junction,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(8), 707–713 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hong, J.

W. Lu, H. Nan, J. Hong, Y. Chen, C. Zhu, Z. Liang, X. Ma, Z. Ni, C. Jin, and Z. Zhang, “Plasma-assisted fabrication of monolayer phosphorene and its Raman characterization,” Nano Res. 7(6), 853–859 (2014).
[Crossref]

Hong, S. B.

D. K. Kim, S. B. Hong, K. Jeong, C. Lee, H. Kim, and M. H. Cho, “P-N Junction Diode Using Plasma Boron-Doped Black Phosphorus for High-Performance Photovoltaic Devices,” ACS Nano 13(2), 1683–1693 (2019).
[Crossref]

Hu, Z.

Z. Hu, Z. Wu, C. Han, J. He, Z. Ni, and W. Chen, “Two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides: Interface and defect engineering,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 47(9), 3100–3128 (2018).
[Crossref]

Huang, S.

F. Wang, G. Zhang, S. Huang, C. Song, C. Wang, Q. Xing, Y. Lei, and H. Yan, “Electronic structures of air-exposed few-layer black phosphorus by optical spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 99(7), 075427 (2019).
[Crossref]

Hwang, H. Y.

H. Yuan, X. Liu, F. Afshinmanesh, W. Li, G. Xu, J. Sun, B. Lian, A. G. Curto, G. Ye, Y. Hikita, Z. Shen, S.-C. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Brongersma, H. Y. Hwang, and Y. Cui, “Polarization-sensitive broadband photodetector using a black phosphorus vertical p–n junction,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(8), 707–713 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jang, S. K.

J. Shim, A. Oh, D. H. Kang, S. Oh, S. K. Jang, J. Jeon, M. H. Jeon, M. Kim, C. Choi, J. Lee, S. Lee, G. Y. Yeom, Y. J. Song, and J. H. Park, “High-Performance 2D Rhenium Disulfide (ReS2) Transistors and Photodetectors by Oxygen Plasma Treatment,” Adv. Mater. 28(32), 6985–6992 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Jia, S. K. Jang, S. Lai, J. Xu, Y. J. Choi, J. H. Park, and S. Lee, “Plasma-Treated Thickness-Controlled Two-Dimensional Black Phosphorus and Its Electronic Transport Properties,” ACS Nano 9(9), 8729–8736 (2015).
[Crossref]

Javey, A.

M. Tosun, L. Chan, M. Amani, T. Roy, G. H. Ahn, P. Taheri, C. Carraro, J. W. Ager, R. Maboudian, and A. Javey, “Air-Stable n-Doping of WSe2 by Anion Vacancy Formation with Mild Plasma Treatment,” ACS Nano 10(7), 6853–6860 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jeon, J.

J. Shim, A. Oh, D. H. Kang, S. Oh, S. K. Jang, J. Jeon, M. H. Jeon, M. Kim, C. Choi, J. Lee, S. Lee, G. Y. Yeom, Y. J. Song, and J. H. Park, “High-Performance 2D Rhenium Disulfide (ReS2) Transistors and Photodetectors by Oxygen Plasma Treatment,” Adv. Mater. 28(32), 6985–6992 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jeon, M. H.

J. Shim, A. Oh, D. H. Kang, S. Oh, S. K. Jang, J. Jeon, M. H. Jeon, M. Kim, C. Choi, J. Lee, S. Lee, G. Y. Yeom, Y. J. Song, and J. H. Park, “High-Performance 2D Rhenium Disulfide (ReS2) Transistors and Photodetectors by Oxygen Plasma Treatment,” Adv. Mater. 28(32), 6985–6992 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jeong, K.

D. K. Kim, S. B. Hong, K. Jeong, C. Lee, H. Kim, and M. H. Cho, “P-N Junction Diode Using Plasma Boron-Doped Black Phosphorus for High-Performance Photovoltaic Devices,” ACS Nano 13(2), 1683–1693 (2019).
[Crossref]

Jeong, T.

M. Qiu, W. X. Ren, T. Jeong, M. Won, G. Y. Park, D. K. Sang, L. P. Liu, H. Zhang, and J. S. Kim, “Omnipotent phosphorene: a next-generation, two-dimensional nanoplatform for multidisciplinary biomedical applications,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 47(15), 5588–5601 (2018).
[Crossref]

Jhon, Y. I.

Y. Kim, Y. I. Jhon, J. Park, C. Kim, S. Lee, and Y. M. Jhon, “Plasma functionalization for cyclic transition between neutral and charged excitons in monolayer MoS2,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 21405 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. I. Jhon, Y. Kim, J. Park, J. H. Kim, T. Lee, M. Seo, and Y. M. Jhon, “Significant Exciton Brightening in Monolayer Tungsten Disulfides via Fluorination: n-Type Gas Sensing Semiconductors,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26(42), 7551–7559 (2016).
[Crossref]

Jhon, Y. M.

Y. I. Jhon, Y. Kim, J. Park, J. H. Kim, T. Lee, M. Seo, and Y. M. Jhon, “Significant Exciton Brightening in Monolayer Tungsten Disulfides via Fluorination: n-Type Gas Sensing Semiconductors,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26(42), 7551–7559 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Kim, Y. I. Jhon, J. Park, C. Kim, S. Lee, and Y. M. Jhon, “Plasma functionalization for cyclic transition between neutral and charged excitons in monolayer MoS2,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 21405 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ji, J.

J. Zheng, Z. Yang, C. Si, Z. Liang, X. Chen, R. Cao, Z. Guo, K. Wang, Y. Zhang, J. Ji, M. Zhang, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Black Phosphorus Based All-Optical-Signal-Processing: Toward High Performances and Enhanced Stability,” ACS Photonics 4(6), 1466–1476 (2017).
[Crossref]

Jia, J.

J. Jia, S. K. Jang, S. Lai, J. Xu, Y. J. Choi, J. H. Park, and S. Lee, “Plasma-Treated Thickness-Controlled Two-Dimensional Black Phosphorus and Its Electronic Transport Properties,” ACS Nano 9(9), 8729–8736 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jia, S.

C. Zhao, M. C. Sekhar, W. Lu, C. Zhang, J. Lai, S. Jia, and D. Sun, “Anisotropic visible photoluminescence from thermally annealed few-layer black phosphorus,” Nanotechnology 29(24), 245202 (2018).
[Crossref]

Jia, Y.

X. Wang, A. M. Jones, K. L. Seyler, V. Tran, Y. Jia, H. Zhao, H. Wang, L. Yang, X. Xu, and F. Xia, “Highly anisotropic and robust excitons in monolayer black phosphorus,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(6), 517–521 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jin, C.

W. Lu, H. Nan, J. Hong, Y. Chen, C. Zhu, Z. Liang, X. Ma, Z. Ni, C. Jin, and Z. Zhang, “Plasma-assisted fabrication of monolayer phosphorene and its Raman characterization,” Nano Res. 7(6), 853–859 (2014).
[Crossref]

Jones, A. M.

X. Wang, A. M. Jones, K. L. Seyler, V. Tran, Y. Jia, H. Zhao, H. Wang, L. Yang, X. Xu, and F. Xia, “Highly anisotropic and robust excitons in monolayer black phosphorus,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(6), 517–521 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jovanovic, Ð.

T. Tomašević-Ilić, Đ. Jovanović, I. Popov, R. Fandan, J. Pedrós, M. Spasenović, and R. Gajić, “Reducing sheet resistance of self-assembled transparent graphene films by defect patching and doping with UV/ozone treatment,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 458, 446–453 (2018).
[Crossref]

Jung, D.

C. Chen, F. Chen, X. Chen, B. Deng, B. Eng, D. Jung, Q. Guo, S. Yuan, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, M. L. Lee, and F. Xia, “Bright Mid-Infrared Photoluminescence from Thin-Film Black Phosphorus,” Nano Lett. 19(3), 1488–1493 (2019).
[Crossref]

Kahn, E.

Z. Lin, B. R. Carvalho, E. Kahn, R. Lv, R. Rao, H. Terrones, M. A. Pimenta, and M. Terrones, “Defect engineering of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides,” 2D Mater. 3(2), 022002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kang, D. H.

J. Shim, A. Oh, D. H. Kang, S. Oh, S. K. Jang, J. Jeon, M. H. Jeon, M. Kim, C. Choi, J. Lee, S. Lee, G. Y. Yeom, Y. J. Song, and J. H. Park, “High-Performance 2D Rhenium Disulfide (ReS2) Transistors and Photodetectors by Oxygen Plasma Treatment,” Adv. Mater. 28(32), 6985–6992 (2016).
[Crossref]

Khatibi, A.

A. Khatibi, R. H. Godiksen, S. B. Basuvalingam, D. Pellegrino, A. A. Bol, B. Shokri, and A. G. Curto, “Anisotropic infrared light emission from quasi-1D layered TiS3,” 2D Mater. 7(1), 015022 (2019).
[Crossref]

Kim, C.

Y. Kim, Y. I. Jhon, J. Park, C. Kim, S. Lee, and Y. M. Jhon, “Plasma functionalization for cyclic transition between neutral and charged excitons in monolayer MoS2,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 21405 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kim, D. K.

D. K. Kim, S. B. Hong, K. Jeong, C. Lee, H. Kim, and M. H. Cho, “P-N Junction Diode Using Plasma Boron-Doped Black Phosphorus for High-Performance Photovoltaic Devices,” ACS Nano 13(2), 1683–1693 (2019).
[Crossref]

Kim, H.

D. K. Kim, S. B. Hong, K. Jeong, C. Lee, H. Kim, and M. H. Cho, “P-N Junction Diode Using Plasma Boron-Doped Black Phosphorus for High-Performance Photovoltaic Devices,” ACS Nano 13(2), 1683–1693 (2019).
[Crossref]

Kim, J.

G. Lee, J. Y. Lee, G. H. Lee, and J. Kim, “Tuning the thickness of black phosphorus: Via ion bombardment-free plasma etching for device performance improvement,” J. Mater. Chem. C 4(26), 6234–6239 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kim, J. H.

Y. I. Jhon, Y. Kim, J. Park, J. H. Kim, T. Lee, M. Seo, and Y. M. Jhon, “Significant Exciton Brightening in Monolayer Tungsten Disulfides via Fluorination: n-Type Gas Sensing Semiconductors,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26(42), 7551–7559 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kim, J. S.

M. Qiu, W. X. Ren, T. Jeong, M. Won, G. Y. Park, D. K. Sang, L. P. Liu, H. Zhang, and J. S. Kim, “Omnipotent phosphorene: a next-generation, two-dimensional nanoplatform for multidisciplinary biomedical applications,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 47(15), 5588–5601 (2018).
[Crossref]

Kim, M.

J. Shim, A. Oh, D. H. Kang, S. Oh, S. K. Jang, J. Jeon, M. H. Jeon, M. Kim, C. Choi, J. Lee, S. Lee, G. Y. Yeom, Y. J. Song, and J. H. Park, “High-Performance 2D Rhenium Disulfide (ReS2) Transistors and Photodetectors by Oxygen Plasma Treatment,” Adv. Mater. 28(32), 6985–6992 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kim, Y.

Y. Kim, Y. I. Jhon, J. Park, C. Kim, S. Lee, and Y. M. Jhon, “Plasma functionalization for cyclic transition between neutral and charged excitons in monolayer MoS2,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 21405 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. I. Jhon, Y. Kim, J. Park, J. H. Kim, T. Lee, M. Seo, and Y. M. Jhon, “Significant Exciton Brightening in Monolayer Tungsten Disulfides via Fluorination: n-Type Gas Sensing Semiconductors,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26(42), 7551–7559 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kistanov, A. A.

A. A. Kistanov, Y. Cai, K. Zhou, S. V Dmitriev, and Y.-W. Zhang, “The role of H2O and O2 molecules and phosphorus vacancies in the structure instability of phosphorene,” 2D Mater. 4(1), 015010 (2016).
[Crossref]

Kotakoski, J.

T. Susi, J. C. Meyer, and J. Kotakoski, “Quantifying transmission electron microscopy irradiation effects using two-dimensional materials,” Nat. Rev. Phys. 1(6), 397–405 (2019).
[Crossref]

Kuriakose, S.

S. Kuriakose, T. Ahmed, S. Balendhran, V. Bansal, S. Sriram, M. Bhaskaran, and S. Walia, “Black phosphorus: ambient degradation and strategies for protection,” 2D Mater. 5(3), 032001 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Kuriakose, T. Ahmed, S. Balendhran, G. E. Collis, V. Bansal, I. Aharonovich, S. Sriram, M. Bhaskaran, and S. Walia, “Effects of plasma-treatment on the electrical and optoelectronic properties of layered black phosphorus,” Appl. Mater. Today 12, 244–249 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lai, J.

C. Zhao, M. C. Sekhar, W. Lu, C. Zhang, J. Lai, S. Jia, and D. Sun, “Anisotropic visible photoluminescence from thermally annealed few-layer black phosphorus,” Nanotechnology 29(24), 245202 (2018).
[Crossref]

Lai, S.

J. Jia, S. K. Jang, S. Lai, J. Xu, Y. J. Choi, J. H. Park, and S. Lee, “Plasma-Treated Thickness-Controlled Two-Dimensional Black Phosphorus and Its Electronic Transport Properties,” ACS Nano 9(9), 8729–8736 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lake, R. K.

R. Dhall, M. R. Neupane, D. Wickramaratne, M. Mecklenburg, Z. Li, C. Moore, R. K. Lake, and S. Cronin, “Direct bandgap transition in many-layer MoS2 by plasma-induced layer decoupling,” Adv. Mater. 27(9), 1573–1578 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lee, C.

D. K. Kim, S. B. Hong, K. Jeong, C. Lee, H. Kim, and M. H. Cho, “P-N Junction Diode Using Plasma Boron-Doped Black Phosphorus for High-Performance Photovoltaic Devices,” ACS Nano 13(2), 1683–1693 (2019).
[Crossref]

Lee, G.

G. Lee, J. Y. Lee, G. H. Lee, and J. Kim, “Tuning the thickness of black phosphorus: Via ion bombardment-free plasma etching for device performance improvement,” J. Mater. Chem. C 4(26), 6234–6239 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lee, G. H.

G. Lee, J. Y. Lee, G. H. Lee, and J. Kim, “Tuning the thickness of black phosphorus: Via ion bombardment-free plasma etching for device performance improvement,” J. Mater. Chem. C 4(26), 6234–6239 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lee, J.

J. Shim, A. Oh, D. H. Kang, S. Oh, S. K. Jang, J. Jeon, M. H. Jeon, M. Kim, C. Choi, J. Lee, S. Lee, G. Y. Yeom, Y. J. Song, and J. H. Park, “High-Performance 2D Rhenium Disulfide (ReS2) Transistors and Photodetectors by Oxygen Plasma Treatment,” Adv. Mater. 28(32), 6985–6992 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lee, J. Y.

G. Lee, J. Y. Lee, G. H. Lee, and J. Kim, “Tuning the thickness of black phosphorus: Via ion bombardment-free plasma etching for device performance improvement,” J. Mater. Chem. C 4(26), 6234–6239 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lee, M. L.

C. Chen, F. Chen, X. Chen, B. Deng, B. Eng, D. Jung, Q. Guo, S. Yuan, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, M. L. Lee, and F. Xia, “Bright Mid-Infrared Photoluminescence from Thin-Film Black Phosphorus,” Nano Lett. 19(3), 1488–1493 (2019).
[Crossref]

Lee, S.

Y. Kim, Y. I. Jhon, J. Park, C. Kim, S. Lee, and Y. M. Jhon, “Plasma functionalization for cyclic transition between neutral and charged excitons in monolayer MoS2,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 21405 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Shim, A. Oh, D. H. Kang, S. Oh, S. K. Jang, J. Jeon, M. H. Jeon, M. Kim, C. Choi, J. Lee, S. Lee, G. Y. Yeom, Y. J. Song, and J. H. Park, “High-Performance 2D Rhenium Disulfide (ReS2) Transistors and Photodetectors by Oxygen Plasma Treatment,” Adv. Mater. 28(32), 6985–6992 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Jia, S. K. Jang, S. Lai, J. Xu, Y. J. Choi, J. H. Park, and S. Lee, “Plasma-Treated Thickness-Controlled Two-Dimensional Black Phosphorus and Its Electronic Transport Properties,” ACS Nano 9(9), 8729–8736 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lee, T.

Y. I. Jhon, Y. Kim, J. Park, J. H. Kim, T. Lee, M. Seo, and Y. M. Jhon, “Significant Exciton Brightening in Monolayer Tungsten Disulfides via Fluorination: n-Type Gas Sensing Semiconductors,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26(42), 7551–7559 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lei, Y.

F. Wang, G. Zhang, S. Huang, C. Song, C. Wang, Q. Xing, Y. Lei, and H. Yan, “Electronic structures of air-exposed few-layer black phosphorus by optical spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 99(7), 075427 (2019).
[Crossref]

Li, C.

C. Chen, X. Lu, B. Deng, X. Chen, Q. Guo, C. Li, C. Ma, S. Yuan, E. Sung, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, L. Yang, and F. Xia, “Widely tunable mid-infrared light emission in thin-film black phosphorus,” Sci. Adv. 6(7), eaay6134 (2020).
[Crossref]

Li, L.

Li, W.

H. Yuan, X. Liu, F. Afshinmanesh, W. Li, G. Xu, J. Sun, B. Lian, A. G. Curto, G. Ye, Y. Hikita, Z. Shen, S.-C. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Brongersma, H. Y. Hwang, and Y. Cui, “Polarization-sensitive broadband photodetector using a black phosphorus vertical p–n junction,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(8), 707–713 (2015).
[Crossref]

Li, Y.

Z. Cheng, H. Abuzaid, Y. Yu, F. Zhang, Y. Li, S. G. Noyce, N. X. Williams, Y.-C. Lin, J. L. Doherty, C. Tao, L. Cao, and A. D. Franklin, “Convergent ion beam alteration of 2D materials and metal-2D interfaces,” 2D Mater. 6(3), 034005 (2019).
[Crossref]

Li, Z.

R. Dhall, M. R. Neupane, D. Wickramaratne, M. Mecklenburg, Z. Li, C. Moore, R. K. Lake, and S. Cronin, “Direct bandgap transition in many-layer MoS2 by plasma-induced layer decoupling,” Adv. Mater. 27(9), 1573–1578 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, S. Wang, S. Chen, Q. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Zhu, X. Zhang, X. Xu, T. Yang, M. He, X. Yang, Z. Li, X. Chen, M. Wu, Y. Lu, R. Ma, W. Lu, and A. Pan, “Wavelength-Tunable Mid-Infrared Lasing from Black Phosphorus Nanosheets,” Adv. Mater.1808319 (2020).

Lian, B.

H. Yuan, X. Liu, F. Afshinmanesh, W. Li, G. Xu, J. Sun, B. Lian, A. G. Curto, G. Ye, Y. Hikita, Z. Shen, S.-C. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Brongersma, H. Y. Hwang, and Y. Cui, “Polarization-sensitive broadband photodetector using a black phosphorus vertical p–n junction,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(8), 707–713 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liang, Z.

J. Zheng, Z. Yang, C. Si, Z. Liang, X. Chen, R. Cao, Z. Guo, K. Wang, Y. Zhang, J. Ji, M. Zhang, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Black Phosphorus Based All-Optical-Signal-Processing: Toward High Performances and Enhanced Stability,” ACS Photonics 4(6), 1466–1476 (2017).
[Crossref]

H. Nan, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Z. Liang, Y. Lu, Q. Chen, D. He, P. Tan, F. Miao, X. Wang, J. Wang, and Z. Ni, “Strong photoluminescence enhancement of MoS2 through defect engineering and oxygen bonding,” ACS Nano 8(6), 5738–5745 (2014).
[Crossref]

W. Lu, H. Nan, J. Hong, Y. Chen, C. Zhu, Z. Liang, X. Ma, Z. Ni, C. Jin, and Z. Zhang, “Plasma-assisted fabrication of monolayer phosphorene and its Raman characterization,” Nano Res. 7(6), 853–859 (2014).
[Crossref]

Lin, Y.-C.

Z. Cheng, H. Abuzaid, Y. Yu, F. Zhang, Y. Li, S. G. Noyce, N. X. Williams, Y.-C. Lin, J. L. Doherty, C. Tao, L. Cao, and A. D. Franklin, “Convergent ion beam alteration of 2D materials and metal-2D interfaces,” 2D Mater. 6(3), 034005 (2019).
[Crossref]

Lin, Z.

Z. Lin, B. R. Carvalho, E. Kahn, R. Lv, R. Rao, H. Terrones, M. A. Pimenta, and M. Terrones, “Defect engineering of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides,” 2D Mater. 3(2), 022002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Liu, H.

J. Lu, J. Wu, A. Carvalho, A. Ziletti, H. Liu, J. Tan, Y. Chen, A. H. Castro Neto, B. Özyilmaz, and C. H. Sow, “Bandgap Engineering of Phosphorene by Laser Oxidation toward Functional 2D Materials,” ACS Nano 9(10), 10411–10421 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, L. P.

M. Qiu, W. X. Ren, T. Jeong, M. Won, G. Y. Park, D. K. Sang, L. P. Liu, H. Zhang, and J. S. Kim, “Omnipotent phosphorene: a next-generation, two-dimensional nanoplatform for multidisciplinary biomedical applications,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 47(15), 5588–5601 (2018).
[Crossref]

Liu, W. J.

B. B. Wu, H. M. Zheng, Y. Q. Ding, W. J. Liu, H. L. Lu, P. Zhou, L. Chen, Q. Q. Sun, S. J. Ding, and D. W. Zhang, “Direct Growth of Al2O3 on Black Phosphorus by Plasma-Enhanced Atomic Layer Deposition,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 12(1), 282 (2017).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

H. Yuan, X. Liu, F. Afshinmanesh, W. Li, G. Xu, J. Sun, B. Lian, A. G. Curto, G. Ye, Y. Hikita, Z. Shen, S.-C. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Brongersma, H. Y. Hwang, and Y. Cui, “Polarization-sensitive broadband photodetector using a black phosphorus vertical p–n junction,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(8), 707–713 (2015).
[Crossref]

Liu, Z.

B. Wan, B. Yang, Y. Wang, J. Zhang, Z. Zeng, Z. Liu, and W. Wang, “Enhanced stability of black phosphorus field-effect transistors with SiO2 passivation,” Nanotechnology 26(43), 435702 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lu, H. L.

B. B. Wu, H. M. Zheng, Y. Q. Ding, W. J. Liu, H. L. Lu, P. Zhou, L. Chen, Q. Q. Sun, S. J. Ding, and D. W. Zhang, “Direct Growth of Al2O3 on Black Phosphorus by Plasma-Enhanced Atomic Layer Deposition,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 12(1), 282 (2017).
[Crossref]

Lu, J.

J. Lu, J. Wu, A. Carvalho, A. Ziletti, H. Liu, J. Tan, Y. Chen, A. H. Castro Neto, B. Özyilmaz, and C. H. Sow, “Bandgap Engineering of Phosphorene by Laser Oxidation toward Functional 2D Materials,” ACS Nano 9(10), 10411–10421 (2015).
[Crossref]

Lu, W.

C. Zhao, M. C. Sekhar, W. Lu, C. Zhang, J. Lai, S. Jia, and D. Sun, “Anisotropic visible photoluminescence from thermally annealed few-layer black phosphorus,” Nanotechnology 29(24), 245202 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Lu, H. Nan, J. Hong, Y. Chen, C. Zhu, Z. Liang, X. Ma, Z. Ni, C. Jin, and Z. Zhang, “Plasma-assisted fabrication of monolayer phosphorene and its Raman characterization,” Nano Res. 7(6), 853–859 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, S. Wang, S. Chen, Q. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Zhu, X. Zhang, X. Xu, T. Yang, M. He, X. Yang, Z. Li, X. Chen, M. Wu, Y. Lu, R. Ma, W. Lu, and A. Pan, “Wavelength-Tunable Mid-Infrared Lasing from Black Phosphorus Nanosheets,” Adv. Mater.1808319 (2020).

Lu, X.

C. Chen, X. Lu, B. Deng, X. Chen, Q. Guo, C. Li, C. Ma, S. Yuan, E. Sung, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, L. Yang, and F. Xia, “Widely tunable mid-infrared light emission in thin-film black phosphorus,” Sci. Adv. 6(7), eaay6134 (2020).
[Crossref]

Lu, Y.

J. Pei, X. Gai, J. Yang, X. Wang, Z. Yu, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and Y. Lu, “Producing air-stable monolayers of phosphorene and their defect engineering,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 10450 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Yang, R. Xu, J. Pei, Y. W. Myint, F. Wang, Z. Wang, S. Zhang, Z. Yu, and Y. Lu, “Optical tuning of exciton and trion emissions in monolayer phosphorene,” Light: Sci. Appl. 4(7), e312 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Nan, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Z. Liang, Y. Lu, Q. Chen, D. He, P. Tan, F. Miao, X. Wang, J. Wang, and Z. Ni, “Strong photoluminescence enhancement of MoS2 through defect engineering and oxygen bonding,” ACS Nano 8(6), 5738–5745 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, S. Wang, S. Chen, Q. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Zhu, X. Zhang, X. Xu, T. Yang, M. He, X. Yang, Z. Li, X. Chen, M. Wu, Y. Lu, R. Ma, W. Lu, and A. Pan, “Wavelength-Tunable Mid-Infrared Lasing from Black Phosphorus Nanosheets,” Adv. Mater.1808319 (2020).

Luther-Davies, B.

J. Pei, X. Gai, J. Yang, X. Wang, Z. Yu, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and Y. Lu, “Producing air-stable monolayers of phosphorene and their defect engineering,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 10450 (2016).
[Crossref]

Lv, R.

Z. Lin, B. R. Carvalho, E. Kahn, R. Lv, R. Rao, H. Terrones, M. A. Pimenta, and M. Terrones, “Defect engineering of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides,” 2D Mater. 3(2), 022002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ma, C.

C. Chen, X. Lu, B. Deng, X. Chen, Q. Guo, C. Li, C. Ma, S. Yuan, E. Sung, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, L. Yang, and F. Xia, “Widely tunable mid-infrared light emission in thin-film black phosphorus,” Sci. Adv. 6(7), eaay6134 (2020).
[Crossref]

Ma, R.

Y. Zhang, S. Wang, S. Chen, Q. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Zhu, X. Zhang, X. Xu, T. Yang, M. He, X. Yang, Z. Li, X. Chen, M. Wu, Y. Lu, R. Ma, W. Lu, and A. Pan, “Wavelength-Tunable Mid-Infrared Lasing from Black Phosphorus Nanosheets,” Adv. Mater.1808319 (2020).

Ma, X.

W. Lu, H. Nan, J. Hong, Y. Chen, C. Zhu, Z. Liang, X. Ma, Z. Ni, C. Jin, and Z. Zhang, “Plasma-assisted fabrication of monolayer phosphorene and its Raman characterization,” Nano Res. 7(6), 853–859 (2014).
[Crossref]

Maboudian, R.

M. Tosun, L. Chan, M. Amani, T. Roy, G. H. Ahn, P. Taheri, C. Carraro, J. W. Ager, R. Maboudian, and A. Javey, “Air-Stable n-Doping of WSe2 by Anion Vacancy Formation with Mild Plasma Treatment,” ACS Nano 10(7), 6853–6860 (2016).
[Crossref]

Mecklenburg, M.

R. Dhall, M. R. Neupane, D. Wickramaratne, M. Mecklenburg, Z. Li, C. Moore, R. K. Lake, and S. Cronin, “Direct bandgap transition in many-layer MoS2 by plasma-induced layer decoupling,” Adv. Mater. 27(9), 1573–1578 (2015).
[Crossref]

Meyer, J. C.

T. Susi, J. C. Meyer, and J. Kotakoski, “Quantifying transmission electron microscopy irradiation effects using two-dimensional materials,” Nat. Rev. Phys. 1(6), 397–405 (2019).
[Crossref]

Miao, F.

H. Nan, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Z. Liang, Y. Lu, Q. Chen, D. He, P. Tan, F. Miao, X. Wang, J. Wang, and Z. Ni, “Strong photoluminescence enhancement of MoS2 through defect engineering and oxygen bonding,” ACS Nano 8(6), 5738–5745 (2014).
[Crossref]

Miao, L.

Y. Zhou, M. Zhang, Z. Guo, L. Miao, S. T. Han, Z. Wang, X. Zhang, H. Zhang, and Z. Peng, “Recent advances in black phosphorus-based photonics, electronics, sensors and energy devices,” Mater. Horiz. 4(6), 997–1019 (2017).
[Crossref]

Moore, C.

R. Dhall, M. R. Neupane, D. Wickramaratne, M. Mecklenburg, Z. Li, C. Moore, R. K. Lake, and S. Cronin, “Direct bandgap transition in many-layer MoS2 by plasma-induced layer decoupling,” Adv. Mater. 27(9), 1573–1578 (2015).
[Crossref]

Myint, Y. W.

J. Yang, R. Xu, J. Pei, Y. W. Myint, F. Wang, Z. Wang, S. Zhang, Z. Yu, and Y. Lu, “Optical tuning of exciton and trion emissions in monolayer phosphorene,” Light: Sci. Appl. 4(7), e312 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nan, H.

W. Lu, H. Nan, J. Hong, Y. Chen, C. Zhu, Z. Liang, X. Ma, Z. Ni, C. Jin, and Z. Zhang, “Plasma-assisted fabrication of monolayer phosphorene and its Raman characterization,” Nano Res. 7(6), 853–859 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Nan, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Z. Liang, Y. Lu, Q. Chen, D. He, P. Tan, F. Miao, X. Wang, J. Wang, and Z. Ni, “Strong photoluminescence enhancement of MoS2 through defect engineering and oxygen bonding,” ACS Nano 8(6), 5738–5745 (2014).
[Crossref]

Neupane, M. R.

R. Dhall, M. R. Neupane, D. Wickramaratne, M. Mecklenburg, Z. Li, C. Moore, R. K. Lake, and S. Cronin, “Direct bandgap transition in many-layer MoS2 by plasma-induced layer decoupling,” Adv. Mater. 27(9), 1573–1578 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ni, Z.

Z. Hu, Z. Wu, C. Han, J. He, Z. Ni, and W. Chen, “Two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides: Interface and defect engineering,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 47(9), 3100–3128 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Lu, H. Nan, J. Hong, Y. Chen, C. Zhu, Z. Liang, X. Ma, Z. Ni, C. Jin, and Z. Zhang, “Plasma-assisted fabrication of monolayer phosphorene and its Raman characterization,” Nano Res. 7(6), 853–859 (2014).
[Crossref]

H. Nan, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Z. Liang, Y. Lu, Q. Chen, D. He, P. Tan, F. Miao, X. Wang, J. Wang, and Z. Ni, “Strong photoluminescence enhancement of MoS2 through defect engineering and oxygen bonding,” ACS Nano 8(6), 5738–5745 (2014).
[Crossref]

Noyce, S. G.

Z. Cheng, H. Abuzaid, Y. Yu, F. Zhang, Y. Li, S. G. Noyce, N. X. Williams, Y.-C. Lin, J. L. Doherty, C. Tao, L. Cao, and A. D. Franklin, “Convergent ion beam alteration of 2D materials and metal-2D interfaces,” 2D Mater. 6(3), 034005 (2019).
[Crossref]

Oh, A.

J. Shim, A. Oh, D. H. Kang, S. Oh, S. K. Jang, J. Jeon, M. H. Jeon, M. Kim, C. Choi, J. Lee, S. Lee, G. Y. Yeom, Y. J. Song, and J. H. Park, “High-Performance 2D Rhenium Disulfide (ReS2) Transistors and Photodetectors by Oxygen Plasma Treatment,” Adv. Mater. 28(32), 6985–6992 (2016).
[Crossref]

Oh, S.

J. Shim, A. Oh, D. H. Kang, S. Oh, S. K. Jang, J. Jeon, M. H. Jeon, M. Kim, C. Choi, J. Lee, S. Lee, G. Y. Yeom, Y. J. Song, and J. H. Park, “High-Performance 2D Rhenium Disulfide (ReS2) Transistors and Photodetectors by Oxygen Plasma Treatment,” Adv. Mater. 28(32), 6985–6992 (2016).
[Crossref]

Özyilmaz, B.

J. Lu, J. Wu, A. Carvalho, A. Ziletti, H. Liu, J. Tan, Y. Chen, A. H. Castro Neto, B. Özyilmaz, and C. H. Sow, “Bandgap Engineering of Phosphorene by Laser Oxidation toward Functional 2D Materials,” ACS Nano 9(10), 10411–10421 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pan, A.

Y. Zhang, S. Wang, S. Chen, Q. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Zhu, X. Zhang, X. Xu, T. Yang, M. He, X. Yang, Z. Li, X. Chen, M. Wu, Y. Lu, R. Ma, W. Lu, and A. Pan, “Wavelength-Tunable Mid-Infrared Lasing from Black Phosphorus Nanosheets,” Adv. Mater.1808319 (2020).

Park, G. Y.

M. Qiu, W. X. Ren, T. Jeong, M. Won, G. Y. Park, D. K. Sang, L. P. Liu, H. Zhang, and J. S. Kim, “Omnipotent phosphorene: a next-generation, two-dimensional nanoplatform for multidisciplinary biomedical applications,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 47(15), 5588–5601 (2018).
[Crossref]

Park, J.

Y. Kim, Y. I. Jhon, J. Park, C. Kim, S. Lee, and Y. M. Jhon, “Plasma functionalization for cyclic transition between neutral and charged excitons in monolayer MoS2,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 21405 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. I. Jhon, Y. Kim, J. Park, J. H. Kim, T. Lee, M. Seo, and Y. M. Jhon, “Significant Exciton Brightening in Monolayer Tungsten Disulfides via Fluorination: n-Type Gas Sensing Semiconductors,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26(42), 7551–7559 (2016).
[Crossref]

Park, J. H.

J. Shim, A. Oh, D. H. Kang, S. Oh, S. K. Jang, J. Jeon, M. H. Jeon, M. Kim, C. Choi, J. Lee, S. Lee, G. Y. Yeom, Y. J. Song, and J. H. Park, “High-Performance 2D Rhenium Disulfide (ReS2) Transistors and Photodetectors by Oxygen Plasma Treatment,” Adv. Mater. 28(32), 6985–6992 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Jia, S. K. Jang, S. Lai, J. Xu, Y. J. Choi, J. H. Park, and S. Lee, “Plasma-Treated Thickness-Controlled Two-Dimensional Black Phosphorus and Its Electronic Transport Properties,” ACS Nano 9(9), 8729–8736 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pedrós, J.

T. Tomašević-Ilić, Đ. Jovanović, I. Popov, R. Fandan, J. Pedrós, M. Spasenović, and R. Gajić, “Reducing sheet resistance of self-assembled transparent graphene films by defect patching and doping with UV/ozone treatment,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 458, 446–453 (2018).
[Crossref]

Pei, J.

J. Pei, X. Gai, J. Yang, X. Wang, Z. Yu, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and Y. Lu, “Producing air-stable monolayers of phosphorene and their defect engineering,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 10450 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Yang, R. Xu, J. Pei, Y. W. Myint, F. Wang, Z. Wang, S. Zhang, Z. Yu, and Y. Lu, “Optical tuning of exciton and trion emissions in monolayer phosphorene,” Light: Sci. Appl. 4(7), e312 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pellegrino, D.

A. Khatibi, R. H. Godiksen, S. B. Basuvalingam, D. Pellegrino, A. A. Bol, B. Shokri, and A. G. Curto, “Anisotropic infrared light emission from quasi-1D layered TiS3,” 2D Mater. 7(1), 015022 (2019).
[Crossref]

Peng, Z.

Y. Zhou, M. Zhang, Z. Guo, L. Miao, S. T. Han, Z. Wang, X. Zhang, H. Zhang, and Z. Peng, “Recent advances in black phosphorus-based photonics, electronics, sensors and energy devices,” Mater. Horiz. 4(6), 997–1019 (2017).
[Crossref]

Pimenta, M. A.

Z. Lin, B. R. Carvalho, E. Kahn, R. Lv, R. Rao, H. Terrones, M. A. Pimenta, and M. Terrones, “Defect engineering of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides,” 2D Mater. 3(2), 022002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Popov, I.

T. Tomašević-Ilić, Đ. Jovanović, I. Popov, R. Fandan, J. Pedrós, M. Spasenović, and R. Gajić, “Reducing sheet resistance of self-assembled transparent graphene films by defect patching and doping with UV/ozone treatment,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 458, 446–453 (2018).
[Crossref]

Poudel, N.

Y. Abate, D. Akinwande, S. Gamage, H. Wang, M. Snure, N. Poudel, and S. B. Cronin, “Recent Progress on Stability and Passivation of Black Phosphorus,” Adv. Mater. 30(29), 1704749 (2018).
[Crossref]

Qiu, M.

M. Qiu, W. X. Ren, T. Jeong, M. Won, G. Y. Park, D. K. Sang, L. P. Liu, H. Zhang, and J. S. Kim, “Omnipotent phosphorene: a next-generation, two-dimensional nanoplatform for multidisciplinary biomedical applications,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 47(15), 5588–5601 (2018).
[Crossref]

Rao, R.

Z. Lin, B. R. Carvalho, E. Kahn, R. Lv, R. Rao, H. Terrones, M. A. Pimenta, and M. Terrones, “Defect engineering of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides,” 2D Mater. 3(2), 022002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ren, W. X.

M. Qiu, W. X. Ren, T. Jeong, M. Won, G. Y. Park, D. K. Sang, L. P. Liu, H. Zhang, and J. S. Kim, “Omnipotent phosphorene: a next-generation, two-dimensional nanoplatform for multidisciplinary biomedical applications,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 47(15), 5588–5601 (2018).
[Crossref]

Roy, T.

M. Tosun, L. Chan, M. Amani, T. Roy, G. H. Ahn, P. Taheri, C. Carraro, J. W. Ager, R. Maboudian, and A. Javey, “Air-Stable n-Doping of WSe2 by Anion Vacancy Formation with Mild Plasma Treatment,” ACS Nano 10(7), 6853–6860 (2016).
[Crossref]

Ruppert, C.

C. Ruppert, O. B. Aslan, and T. F. Heinz, “Optical properties and band gap of single- and few-layer MoTe2 crystals,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6231–6236 (2014).
[Crossref]

Sang, D. K.

M. Qiu, W. X. Ren, T. Jeong, M. Won, G. Y. Park, D. K. Sang, L. P. Liu, H. Zhang, and J. S. Kim, “Omnipotent phosphorene: a next-generation, two-dimensional nanoplatform for multidisciplinary biomedical applications,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 47(15), 5588–5601 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sekhar, M. C.

C. Zhao, M. C. Sekhar, W. Lu, C. Zhang, J. Lai, S. Jia, and D. Sun, “Anisotropic visible photoluminescence from thermally annealed few-layer black phosphorus,” Nanotechnology 29(24), 245202 (2018).
[Crossref]

Seo, M.

Y. I. Jhon, Y. Kim, J. Park, J. H. Kim, T. Lee, M. Seo, and Y. M. Jhon, “Significant Exciton Brightening in Monolayer Tungsten Disulfides via Fluorination: n-Type Gas Sensing Semiconductors,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26(42), 7551–7559 (2016).
[Crossref]

Seyler, K. L.

X. Wang, A. M. Jones, K. L. Seyler, V. Tran, Y. Jia, H. Zhao, H. Wang, L. Yang, X. Xu, and F. Xia, “Highly anisotropic and robust excitons in monolayer black phosphorus,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(6), 517–521 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shen, Z.

H. Yuan, X. Liu, F. Afshinmanesh, W. Li, G. Xu, J. Sun, B. Lian, A. G. Curto, G. Ye, Y. Hikita, Z. Shen, S.-C. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Brongersma, H. Y. Hwang, and Y. Cui, “Polarization-sensitive broadband photodetector using a black phosphorus vertical p–n junction,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(8), 707–713 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shim, J.

J. Shim, A. Oh, D. H. Kang, S. Oh, S. K. Jang, J. Jeon, M. H. Jeon, M. Kim, C. Choi, J. Lee, S. Lee, G. Y. Yeom, Y. J. Song, and J. H. Park, “High-Performance 2D Rhenium Disulfide (ReS2) Transistors and Photodetectors by Oxygen Plasma Treatment,” Adv. Mater. 28(32), 6985–6992 (2016).
[Crossref]

Shokri, B.

A. Khatibi, R. H. Godiksen, S. B. Basuvalingam, D. Pellegrino, A. A. Bol, B. Shokri, and A. G. Curto, “Anisotropic infrared light emission from quasi-1D layered TiS3,” 2D Mater. 7(1), 015022 (2019).
[Crossref]

Si, C.

J. Zheng, Z. Yang, C. Si, Z. Liang, X. Chen, R. Cao, Z. Guo, K. Wang, Y. Zhang, J. Ji, M. Zhang, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Black Phosphorus Based All-Optical-Signal-Processing: Toward High Performances and Enhanced Stability,” ACS Photonics 4(6), 1466–1476 (2017).
[Crossref]

Snure, M.

Y. Abate, D. Akinwande, S. Gamage, H. Wang, M. Snure, N. Poudel, and S. B. Cronin, “Recent Progress on Stability and Passivation of Black Phosphorus,” Adv. Mater. 30(29), 1704749 (2018).
[Crossref]

Song, C.

F. Wang, G. Zhang, S. Huang, C. Song, C. Wang, Q. Xing, Y. Lei, and H. Yan, “Electronic structures of air-exposed few-layer black phosphorus by optical spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 99(7), 075427 (2019).
[Crossref]

Song, Y.

Song, Y. J.

J. Shim, A. Oh, D. H. Kang, S. Oh, S. K. Jang, J. Jeon, M. H. Jeon, M. Kim, C. Choi, J. Lee, S. Lee, G. Y. Yeom, Y. J. Song, and J. H. Park, “High-Performance 2D Rhenium Disulfide (ReS2) Transistors and Photodetectors by Oxygen Plasma Treatment,” Adv. Mater. 28(32), 6985–6992 (2016).
[Crossref]

Sow, C. H.

J. Lu, J. Wu, A. Carvalho, A. Ziletti, H. Liu, J. Tan, Y. Chen, A. H. Castro Neto, B. Özyilmaz, and C. H. Sow, “Bandgap Engineering of Phosphorene by Laser Oxidation toward Functional 2D Materials,” ACS Nano 9(10), 10411–10421 (2015).
[Crossref]

Spasenovic, M.

T. Tomašević-Ilić, Đ. Jovanović, I. Popov, R. Fandan, J. Pedrós, M. Spasenović, and R. Gajić, “Reducing sheet resistance of self-assembled transparent graphene films by defect patching and doping with UV/ozone treatment,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 458, 446–453 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sriram, S.

S. Kuriakose, T. Ahmed, S. Balendhran, G. E. Collis, V. Bansal, I. Aharonovich, S. Sriram, M. Bhaskaran, and S. Walia, “Effects of plasma-treatment on the electrical and optoelectronic properties of layered black phosphorus,” Appl. Mater. Today 12, 244–249 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Kuriakose, T. Ahmed, S. Balendhran, V. Bansal, S. Sriram, M. Bhaskaran, and S. Walia, “Black phosphorus: ambient degradation and strategies for protection,” 2D Mater. 5(3), 032001 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sun, D.

C. Zhao, M. C. Sekhar, W. Lu, C. Zhang, J. Lai, S. Jia, and D. Sun, “Anisotropic visible photoluminescence from thermally annealed few-layer black phosphorus,” Nanotechnology 29(24), 245202 (2018).
[Crossref]

Sun, J.

H. Yuan, X. Liu, F. Afshinmanesh, W. Li, G. Xu, J. Sun, B. Lian, A. G. Curto, G. Ye, Y. Hikita, Z. Shen, S.-C. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Brongersma, H. Y. Hwang, and Y. Cui, “Polarization-sensitive broadband photodetector using a black phosphorus vertical p–n junction,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(8), 707–713 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sun, Q. Q.

B. B. Wu, H. M. Zheng, Y. Q. Ding, W. J. Liu, H. L. Lu, P. Zhou, L. Chen, Q. Q. Sun, S. J. Ding, and D. W. Zhang, “Direct Growth of Al2O3 on Black Phosphorus by Plasma-Enhanced Atomic Layer Deposition,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 12(1), 282 (2017).
[Crossref]

Sung, E.

C. Chen, X. Lu, B. Deng, X. Chen, Q. Guo, C. Li, C. Ma, S. Yuan, E. Sung, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, L. Yang, and F. Xia, “Widely tunable mid-infrared light emission in thin-film black phosphorus,” Sci. Adv. 6(7), eaay6134 (2020).
[Crossref]

Susi, T.

T. Susi, J. C. Meyer, and J. Kotakoski, “Quantifying transmission electron microscopy irradiation effects using two-dimensional materials,” Nat. Rev. Phys. 1(6), 397–405 (2019).
[Crossref]

Taheri, P.

M. Tosun, L. Chan, M. Amani, T. Roy, G. H. Ahn, P. Taheri, C. Carraro, J. W. Ager, R. Maboudian, and A. Javey, “Air-Stable n-Doping of WSe2 by Anion Vacancy Formation with Mild Plasma Treatment,” ACS Nano 10(7), 6853–6860 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tan, J.

J. Lu, J. Wu, A. Carvalho, A. Ziletti, H. Liu, J. Tan, Y. Chen, A. H. Castro Neto, B. Özyilmaz, and C. H. Sow, “Bandgap Engineering of Phosphorene by Laser Oxidation toward Functional 2D Materials,” ACS Nano 9(10), 10411–10421 (2015).
[Crossref]

Tan, P.

H. Nan, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Z. Liang, Y. Lu, Q. Chen, D. He, P. Tan, F. Miao, X. Wang, J. Wang, and Z. Ni, “Strong photoluminescence enhancement of MoS2 through defect engineering and oxygen bonding,” ACS Nano 8(6), 5738–5745 (2014).
[Crossref]

Tang, D.

Taniguchi, T.

C. Chen, X. Lu, B. Deng, X. Chen, Q. Guo, C. Li, C. Ma, S. Yuan, E. Sung, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, L. Yang, and F. Xia, “Widely tunable mid-infrared light emission in thin-film black phosphorus,” Sci. Adv. 6(7), eaay6134 (2020).
[Crossref]

C. Chen, F. Chen, X. Chen, B. Deng, B. Eng, D. Jung, Q. Guo, S. Yuan, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, M. L. Lee, and F. Xia, “Bright Mid-Infrared Photoluminescence from Thin-Film Black Phosphorus,” Nano Lett. 19(3), 1488–1493 (2019).
[Crossref]

Tao, C.

Z. Cheng, H. Abuzaid, Y. Yu, F. Zhang, Y. Li, S. G. Noyce, N. X. Williams, Y.-C. Lin, J. L. Doherty, C. Tao, L. Cao, and A. D. Franklin, “Convergent ion beam alteration of 2D materials and metal-2D interfaces,” 2D Mater. 6(3), 034005 (2019).
[Crossref]

Terrones, H.

Z. Lin, B. R. Carvalho, E. Kahn, R. Lv, R. Rao, H. Terrones, M. A. Pimenta, and M. Terrones, “Defect engineering of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides,” 2D Mater. 3(2), 022002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Terrones, M.

Z. Lin, B. R. Carvalho, E. Kahn, R. Lv, R. Rao, H. Terrones, M. A. Pimenta, and M. Terrones, “Defect engineering of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides,” 2D Mater. 3(2), 022002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tomaševic-Ilic, T.

T. Tomašević-Ilić, Đ. Jovanović, I. Popov, R. Fandan, J. Pedrós, M. Spasenović, and R. Gajić, “Reducing sheet resistance of self-assembled transparent graphene films by defect patching and doping with UV/ozone treatment,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 458, 446–453 (2018).
[Crossref]

Tosun, M.

M. Tosun, L. Chan, M. Amani, T. Roy, G. H. Ahn, P. Taheri, C. Carraro, J. W. Ager, R. Maboudian, and A. Javey, “Air-Stable n-Doping of WSe2 by Anion Vacancy Formation with Mild Plasma Treatment,” ACS Nano 10(7), 6853–6860 (2016).
[Crossref]

Tran, V.

X. Wang, A. M. Jones, K. L. Seyler, V. Tran, Y. Jia, H. Zhao, H. Wang, L. Yang, X. Xu, and F. Xia, “Highly anisotropic and robust excitons in monolayer black phosphorus,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(6), 517–521 (2015).
[Crossref]

Walia, S.

S. Kuriakose, T. Ahmed, S. Balendhran, V. Bansal, S. Sriram, M. Bhaskaran, and S. Walia, “Black phosphorus: ambient degradation and strategies for protection,” 2D Mater. 5(3), 032001 (2018).
[Crossref]

S. Kuriakose, T. Ahmed, S. Balendhran, G. E. Collis, V. Bansal, I. Aharonovich, S. Sriram, M. Bhaskaran, and S. Walia, “Effects of plasma-treatment on the electrical and optoelectronic properties of layered black phosphorus,” Appl. Mater. Today 12, 244–249 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wan, B.

B. Wan, B. Yang, Y. Wang, J. Zhang, Z. Zeng, Z. Liu, and W. Wang, “Enhanced stability of black phosphorus field-effect transistors with SiO2 passivation,” Nanotechnology 26(43), 435702 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, C.

F. Wang, G. Zhang, S. Huang, C. Song, C. Wang, Q. Xing, Y. Lei, and H. Yan, “Electronic structures of air-exposed few-layer black phosphorus by optical spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 99(7), 075427 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wang, F.

F. Wang, G. Zhang, S. Huang, C. Song, C. Wang, Q. Xing, Y. Lei, and H. Yan, “Electronic structures of air-exposed few-layer black phosphorus by optical spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 99(7), 075427 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Yang, R. Xu, J. Pei, Y. W. Myint, F. Wang, Z. Wang, S. Zhang, Z. Yu, and Y. Lu, “Optical tuning of exciton and trion emissions in monolayer phosphorene,” Light: Sci. Appl. 4(7), e312 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, H.

Y. Abate, D. Akinwande, S. Gamage, H. Wang, M. Snure, N. Poudel, and S. B. Cronin, “Recent Progress on Stability and Passivation of Black Phosphorus,” Adv. Mater. 30(29), 1704749 (2018).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, A. M. Jones, K. L. Seyler, V. Tran, Y. Jia, H. Zhao, H. Wang, L. Yang, X. Xu, and F. Xia, “Highly anisotropic and robust excitons in monolayer black phosphorus,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(6), 517–521 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, J.

H. Nan, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Z. Liang, Y. Lu, Q. Chen, D. He, P. Tan, F. Miao, X. Wang, J. Wang, and Z. Ni, “Strong photoluminescence enhancement of MoS2 through defect engineering and oxygen bonding,” ACS Nano 8(6), 5738–5745 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, K.

J. Zheng, Z. Yang, C. Si, Z. Liang, X. Chen, R. Cao, Z. Guo, K. Wang, Y. Zhang, J. Ji, M. Zhang, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Black Phosphorus Based All-Optical-Signal-Processing: Toward High Performances and Enhanced Stability,” ACS Photonics 4(6), 1466–1476 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, S.

Y. Zhang, S. Wang, S. Chen, Q. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Zhu, X. Zhang, X. Xu, T. Yang, M. He, X. Yang, Z. Li, X. Chen, M. Wu, Y. Lu, R. Ma, W. Lu, and A. Pan, “Wavelength-Tunable Mid-Infrared Lasing from Black Phosphorus Nanosheets,” Adv. Mater.1808319 (2020).

Wang, W.

B. Wan, B. Yang, Y. Wang, J. Zhang, Z. Zeng, Z. Liu, and W. Wang, “Enhanced stability of black phosphorus field-effect transistors with SiO2 passivation,” Nanotechnology 26(43), 435702 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Nan, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Z. Liang, Y. Lu, Q. Chen, D. He, P. Tan, F. Miao, X. Wang, J. Wang, and Z. Ni, “Strong photoluminescence enhancement of MoS2 through defect engineering and oxygen bonding,” ACS Nano 8(6), 5738–5745 (2014).
[Crossref]

Wang, X.

J. Pei, X. Gai, J. Yang, X. Wang, Z. Yu, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and Y. Lu, “Producing air-stable monolayers of phosphorene and their defect engineering,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 10450 (2016).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, A. M. Jones, K. L. Seyler, V. Tran, Y. Jia, H. Zhao, H. Wang, L. Yang, X. Xu, and F. Xia, “Highly anisotropic and robust excitons in monolayer black phosphorus,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(6), 517–521 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Nan, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Z. Liang, Y. Lu, Q. Chen, D. He, P. Tan, F. Miao, X. Wang, J. Wang, and Z. Ni, “Strong photoluminescence enhancement of MoS2 through defect engineering and oxygen bonding,” ACS Nano 8(6), 5738–5745 (2014).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, S. Wang, S. Chen, Q. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Zhu, X. Zhang, X. Xu, T. Yang, M. He, X. Yang, Z. Li, X. Chen, M. Wu, Y. Lu, R. Ma, W. Lu, and A. Pan, “Wavelength-Tunable Mid-Infrared Lasing from Black Phosphorus Nanosheets,” Adv. Mater.1808319 (2020).

Wang, Y.

B. Wan, B. Yang, Y. Wang, J. Zhang, Z. Zeng, Z. Liu, and W. Wang, “Enhanced stability of black phosphorus field-effect transistors with SiO2 passivation,” Nanotechnology 26(43), 435702 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wang, Z.

Y. Zhou, M. Zhang, Z. Guo, L. Miao, S. T. Han, Z. Wang, X. Zhang, H. Zhang, and Z. Peng, “Recent advances in black phosphorus-based photonics, electronics, sensors and energy devices,” Mater. Horiz. 4(6), 997–1019 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Yang, R. Xu, J. Pei, Y. W. Myint, F. Wang, Z. Wang, S. Zhang, Z. Yu, and Y. Lu, “Optical tuning of exciton and trion emissions in monolayer phosphorene,” Light: Sci. Appl. 4(7), e312 (2015).
[Crossref]

H. Nan, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Z. Liang, Y. Lu, Q. Chen, D. He, P. Tan, F. Miao, X. Wang, J. Wang, and Z. Ni, “Strong photoluminescence enhancement of MoS2 through defect engineering and oxygen bonding,” ACS Nano 8(6), 5738–5745 (2014).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, K.

C. Chen, X. Lu, B. Deng, X. Chen, Q. Guo, C. Li, C. Ma, S. Yuan, E. Sung, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, L. Yang, and F. Xia, “Widely tunable mid-infrared light emission in thin-film black phosphorus,” Sci. Adv. 6(7), eaay6134 (2020).
[Crossref]

C. Chen, F. Chen, X. Chen, B. Deng, B. Eng, D. Jung, Q. Guo, S. Yuan, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, M. L. Lee, and F. Xia, “Bright Mid-Infrared Photoluminescence from Thin-Film Black Phosphorus,” Nano Lett. 19(3), 1488–1493 (2019).
[Crossref]

Wickramaratne, D.

R. Dhall, M. R. Neupane, D. Wickramaratne, M. Mecklenburg, Z. Li, C. Moore, R. K. Lake, and S. Cronin, “Direct bandgap transition in many-layer MoS2 by plasma-induced layer decoupling,” Adv. Mater. 27(9), 1573–1578 (2015).
[Crossref]

Williams, N. X.

Z. Cheng, H. Abuzaid, Y. Yu, F. Zhang, Y. Li, S. G. Noyce, N. X. Williams, Y.-C. Lin, J. L. Doherty, C. Tao, L. Cao, and A. D. Franklin, “Convergent ion beam alteration of 2D materials and metal-2D interfaces,” 2D Mater. 6(3), 034005 (2019).
[Crossref]

Won, M.

M. Qiu, W. X. Ren, T. Jeong, M. Won, G. Y. Park, D. K. Sang, L. P. Liu, H. Zhang, and J. S. Kim, “Omnipotent phosphorene: a next-generation, two-dimensional nanoplatform for multidisciplinary biomedical applications,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 47(15), 5588–5601 (2018).
[Crossref]

Wu, B. B.

B. B. Wu, H. M. Zheng, Y. Q. Ding, W. J. Liu, H. L. Lu, P. Zhou, L. Chen, Q. Q. Sun, S. J. Ding, and D. W. Zhang, “Direct Growth of Al2O3 on Black Phosphorus by Plasma-Enhanced Atomic Layer Deposition,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 12(1), 282 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wu, C.

Y. Guo, K. Xu, C. Wu, J. Zhao, and Y. Xie, “Surface chemical-modification for engineering the intrinsic physical properties of inorganic two-dimensional nanomaterials,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 44(3), 637–646 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wu, J.

J. Lu, J. Wu, A. Carvalho, A. Ziletti, H. Liu, J. Tan, Y. Chen, A. H. Castro Neto, B. Özyilmaz, and C. H. Sow, “Bandgap Engineering of Phosphorene by Laser Oxidation toward Functional 2D Materials,” ACS Nano 9(10), 10411–10421 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wu, M.

Y. Zhang, S. Wang, S. Chen, Q. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Zhu, X. Zhang, X. Xu, T. Yang, M. He, X. Yang, Z. Li, X. Chen, M. Wu, Y. Lu, R. Ma, W. Lu, and A. Pan, “Wavelength-Tunable Mid-Infrared Lasing from Black Phosphorus Nanosheets,” Adv. Mater.1808319 (2020).

Wu, Z.

Z. Hu, Z. Wu, C. Han, J. He, Z. Ni, and W. Chen, “Two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides: Interface and defect engineering,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 47(9), 3100–3128 (2018).
[Crossref]

Xia, F.

C. Chen, X. Lu, B. Deng, X. Chen, Q. Guo, C. Li, C. Ma, S. Yuan, E. Sung, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, L. Yang, and F. Xia, “Widely tunable mid-infrared light emission in thin-film black phosphorus,” Sci. Adv. 6(7), eaay6134 (2020).
[Crossref]

C. Chen, F. Chen, X. Chen, B. Deng, B. Eng, D. Jung, Q. Guo, S. Yuan, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, M. L. Lee, and F. Xia, “Bright Mid-Infrared Photoluminescence from Thin-Film Black Phosphorus,” Nano Lett. 19(3), 1488–1493 (2019).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, A. M. Jones, K. L. Seyler, V. Tran, Y. Jia, H. Zhao, H. Wang, L. Yang, X. Xu, and F. Xia, “Highly anisotropic and robust excitons in monolayer black phosphorus,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(6), 517–521 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xie, Y.

Y. Guo, K. Xu, C. Wu, J. Zhao, and Y. Xie, “Surface chemical-modification for engineering the intrinsic physical properties of inorganic two-dimensional nanomaterials,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 44(3), 637–646 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xing, Q.

F. Wang, G. Zhang, S. Huang, C. Song, C. Wang, Q. Xing, Y. Lei, and H. Yan, “Electronic structures of air-exposed few-layer black phosphorus by optical spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 99(7), 075427 (2019).
[Crossref]

Xu, G.

H. Yuan, X. Liu, F. Afshinmanesh, W. Li, G. Xu, J. Sun, B. Lian, A. G. Curto, G. Ye, Y. Hikita, Z. Shen, S.-C. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Brongersma, H. Y. Hwang, and Y. Cui, “Polarization-sensitive broadband photodetector using a black phosphorus vertical p–n junction,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(8), 707–713 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, J.

J. Jia, S. K. Jang, S. Lai, J. Xu, Y. J. Choi, J. H. Park, and S. Lee, “Plasma-Treated Thickness-Controlled Two-Dimensional Black Phosphorus and Its Electronic Transport Properties,” ACS Nano 9(9), 8729–8736 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, K.

Y. Guo, K. Xu, C. Wu, J. Zhao, and Y. Xie, “Surface chemical-modification for engineering the intrinsic physical properties of inorganic two-dimensional nanomaterials,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 44(3), 637–646 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, R.

J. Yang, R. Xu, J. Pei, Y. W. Myint, F. Wang, Z. Wang, S. Zhang, Z. Yu, and Y. Lu, “Optical tuning of exciton and trion emissions in monolayer phosphorene,” Light: Sci. Appl. 4(7), e312 (2015).
[Crossref]

Xu, X.

X. Wang, A. M. Jones, K. L. Seyler, V. Tran, Y. Jia, H. Zhao, H. Wang, L. Yang, X. Xu, and F. Xia, “Highly anisotropic and robust excitons in monolayer black phosphorus,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(6), 517–521 (2015).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, S. Wang, S. Chen, Q. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Zhu, X. Zhang, X. Xu, T. Yang, M. He, X. Yang, Z. Li, X. Chen, M. Wu, Y. Lu, R. Ma, W. Lu, and A. Pan, “Wavelength-Tunable Mid-Infrared Lasing from Black Phosphorus Nanosheets,” Adv. Mater.1808319 (2020).

Yakobson, B. I.

X. Zou and B. I. Yakobson, “An open canvas - 2D materials with defects, disorder, and functionality,” Acc. Chem. Res. 48(1), 73–80 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yan, H.

F. Wang, G. Zhang, S. Huang, C. Song, C. Wang, Q. Xing, Y. Lei, and H. Yan, “Electronic structures of air-exposed few-layer black phosphorus by optical spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 99(7), 075427 (2019).
[Crossref]

Yang, B.

B. Wan, B. Yang, Y. Wang, J. Zhang, Z. Zeng, Z. Liu, and W. Wang, “Enhanced stability of black phosphorus field-effect transistors with SiO2 passivation,” Nanotechnology 26(43), 435702 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, J.

J. Pei, X. Gai, J. Yang, X. Wang, Z. Yu, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and Y. Lu, “Producing air-stable monolayers of phosphorene and their defect engineering,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 10450 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Yang, R. Xu, J. Pei, Y. W. Myint, F. Wang, Z. Wang, S. Zhang, Z. Yu, and Y. Lu, “Optical tuning of exciton and trion emissions in monolayer phosphorene,” Light: Sci. Appl. 4(7), e312 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, L.

C. Chen, X. Lu, B. Deng, X. Chen, Q. Guo, C. Li, C. Ma, S. Yuan, E. Sung, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, L. Yang, and F. Xia, “Widely tunable mid-infrared light emission in thin-film black phosphorus,” Sci. Adv. 6(7), eaay6134 (2020).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, A. M. Jones, K. L. Seyler, V. Tran, Y. Jia, H. Zhao, H. Wang, L. Yang, X. Xu, and F. Xia, “Highly anisotropic and robust excitons in monolayer black phosphorus,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(6), 517–521 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yang, T.

Y. Zhang, S. Wang, S. Chen, Q. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Zhu, X. Zhang, X. Xu, T. Yang, M. He, X. Yang, Z. Li, X. Chen, M. Wu, Y. Lu, R. Ma, W. Lu, and A. Pan, “Wavelength-Tunable Mid-Infrared Lasing from Black Phosphorus Nanosheets,” Adv. Mater.1808319 (2020).

Yang, X.

Y. Zhang, S. Wang, S. Chen, Q. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Zhu, X. Zhang, X. Xu, T. Yang, M. He, X. Yang, Z. Li, X. Chen, M. Wu, Y. Lu, R. Ma, W. Lu, and A. Pan, “Wavelength-Tunable Mid-Infrared Lasing from Black Phosphorus Nanosheets,” Adv. Mater.1808319 (2020).

Yang, Z.

J. Zheng, Z. Yang, C. Si, Z. Liang, X. Chen, R. Cao, Z. Guo, K. Wang, Y. Zhang, J. Ji, M. Zhang, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Black Phosphorus Based All-Optical-Signal-Processing: Toward High Performances and Enhanced Stability,” ACS Photonics 4(6), 1466–1476 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ye, G.

H. Yuan, X. Liu, F. Afshinmanesh, W. Li, G. Xu, J. Sun, B. Lian, A. G. Curto, G. Ye, Y. Hikita, Z. Shen, S.-C. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Brongersma, H. Y. Hwang, and Y. Cui, “Polarization-sensitive broadband photodetector using a black phosphorus vertical p–n junction,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(8), 707–713 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yeom, G. Y.

J. Shim, A. Oh, D. H. Kang, S. Oh, S. K. Jang, J. Jeon, M. H. Jeon, M. Kim, C. Choi, J. Lee, S. Lee, G. Y. Yeom, Y. J. Song, and J. H. Park, “High-Performance 2D Rhenium Disulfide (ReS2) Transistors and Photodetectors by Oxygen Plasma Treatment,” Adv. Mater. 28(32), 6985–6992 (2016).
[Crossref]

Yu, Y.

Z. Cheng, H. Abuzaid, Y. Yu, F. Zhang, Y. Li, S. G. Noyce, N. X. Williams, Y.-C. Lin, J. L. Doherty, C. Tao, L. Cao, and A. D. Franklin, “Convergent ion beam alteration of 2D materials and metal-2D interfaces,” 2D Mater. 6(3), 034005 (2019).
[Crossref]

Yu, Z.

J. Pei, X. Gai, J. Yang, X. Wang, Z. Yu, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and Y. Lu, “Producing air-stable monolayers of phosphorene and their defect engineering,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 10450 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Yang, R. Xu, J. Pei, Y. W. Myint, F. Wang, Z. Wang, S. Zhang, Z. Yu, and Y. Lu, “Optical tuning of exciton and trion emissions in monolayer phosphorene,” Light: Sci. Appl. 4(7), e312 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yuan, H.

H. Yuan, X. Liu, F. Afshinmanesh, W. Li, G. Xu, J. Sun, B. Lian, A. G. Curto, G. Ye, Y. Hikita, Z. Shen, S.-C. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Brongersma, H. Y. Hwang, and Y. Cui, “Polarization-sensitive broadband photodetector using a black phosphorus vertical p–n junction,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(8), 707–713 (2015).
[Crossref]

Yuan, S.

C. Chen, X. Lu, B. Deng, X. Chen, Q. Guo, C. Li, C. Ma, S. Yuan, E. Sung, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, L. Yang, and F. Xia, “Widely tunable mid-infrared light emission in thin-film black phosphorus,” Sci. Adv. 6(7), eaay6134 (2020).
[Crossref]

C. Chen, F. Chen, X. Chen, B. Deng, B. Eng, D. Jung, Q. Guo, S. Yuan, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, M. L. Lee, and F. Xia, “Bright Mid-Infrared Photoluminescence from Thin-Film Black Phosphorus,” Nano Lett. 19(3), 1488–1493 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zeng, Z.

B. Wan, B. Yang, Y. Wang, J. Zhang, Z. Zeng, Z. Liu, and W. Wang, “Enhanced stability of black phosphorus field-effect transistors with SiO2 passivation,” Nanotechnology 26(43), 435702 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, C.

C. Zhao, M. C. Sekhar, W. Lu, C. Zhang, J. Lai, S. Jia, and D. Sun, “Anisotropic visible photoluminescence from thermally annealed few-layer black phosphorus,” Nanotechnology 29(24), 245202 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhang, D. W.

B. B. Wu, H. M. Zheng, Y. Q. Ding, W. J. Liu, H. L. Lu, P. Zhou, L. Chen, Q. Q. Sun, S. J. Ding, and D. W. Zhang, “Direct Growth of Al2O3 on Black Phosphorus by Plasma-Enhanced Atomic Layer Deposition,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 12(1), 282 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, F.

Z. Cheng, H. Abuzaid, Y. Yu, F. Zhang, Y. Li, S. G. Noyce, N. X. Williams, Y.-C. Lin, J. L. Doherty, C. Tao, L. Cao, and A. D. Franklin, “Convergent ion beam alteration of 2D materials and metal-2D interfaces,” 2D Mater. 6(3), 034005 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zhang, G.

F. Wang, G. Zhang, S. Huang, C. Song, C. Wang, Q. Xing, Y. Lei, and H. Yan, “Electronic structures of air-exposed few-layer black phosphorus by optical spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 99(7), 075427 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

M. Qiu, W. X. Ren, T. Jeong, M. Won, G. Y. Park, D. K. Sang, L. P. Liu, H. Zhang, and J. S. Kim, “Omnipotent phosphorene: a next-generation, two-dimensional nanoplatform for multidisciplinary biomedical applications,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 47(15), 5588–5601 (2018).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhou, M. Zhang, Z. Guo, L. Miao, S. T. Han, Z. Wang, X. Zhang, H. Zhang, and Z. Peng, “Recent advances in black phosphorus-based photonics, electronics, sensors and energy devices,” Mater. Horiz. 4(6), 997–1019 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Zheng, Z. Yang, C. Si, Z. Liang, X. Chen, R. Cao, Z. Guo, K. Wang, Y. Zhang, J. Ji, M. Zhang, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Black Phosphorus Based All-Optical-Signal-Processing: Toward High Performances and Enhanced Stability,” ACS Photonics 4(6), 1466–1476 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Song, S. Chen, Q. Zhang, L. Li, L. Zhao, H. Zhang, and D. Tang, “Vector soliton fiber laser passively mode locked by few layer black phosphorus-based optical saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 24(23), 25933 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

B. Wan, B. Yang, Y. Wang, J. Zhang, Z. Zeng, Z. Liu, and W. Wang, “Enhanced stability of black phosphorus field-effect transistors with SiO2 passivation,” Nanotechnology 26(43), 435702 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, M.

Y. Zhou, M. Zhang, Z. Guo, L. Miao, S. T. Han, Z. Wang, X. Zhang, H. Zhang, and Z. Peng, “Recent advances in black phosphorus-based photonics, electronics, sensors and energy devices,” Mater. Horiz. 4(6), 997–1019 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Zheng, Z. Yang, C. Si, Z. Liang, X. Chen, R. Cao, Z. Guo, K. Wang, Y. Zhang, J. Ji, M. Zhang, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Black Phosphorus Based All-Optical-Signal-Processing: Toward High Performances and Enhanced Stability,” ACS Photonics 4(6), 1466–1476 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Q.

Y. Song, S. Chen, Q. Zhang, L. Li, L. Zhao, H. Zhang, and D. Tang, “Vector soliton fiber laser passively mode locked by few layer black phosphorus-based optical saturable absorber,” Opt. Express 24(23), 25933 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, S. Wang, S. Chen, Q. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Zhu, X. Zhang, X. Xu, T. Yang, M. He, X. Yang, Z. Li, X. Chen, M. Wu, Y. Lu, R. Ma, W. Lu, and A. Pan, “Wavelength-Tunable Mid-Infrared Lasing from Black Phosphorus Nanosheets,” Adv. Mater.1808319 (2020).

Zhang, S.

J. Yang, R. Xu, J. Pei, Y. W. Myint, F. Wang, Z. Wang, S. Zhang, Z. Yu, and Y. Lu, “Optical tuning of exciton and trion emissions in monolayer phosphorene,” Light: Sci. Appl. 4(7), e312 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, S.-C.

H. Yuan, X. Liu, F. Afshinmanesh, W. Li, G. Xu, J. Sun, B. Lian, A. G. Curto, G. Ye, Y. Hikita, Z. Shen, S.-C. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Brongersma, H. Y. Hwang, and Y. Cui, “Polarization-sensitive broadband photodetector using a black phosphorus vertical p–n junction,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(8), 707–713 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X.

Y. Zhou, M. Zhang, Z. Guo, L. Miao, S. T. Han, Z. Wang, X. Zhang, H. Zhang, and Z. Peng, “Recent advances in black phosphorus-based photonics, electronics, sensors and energy devices,” Mater. Horiz. 4(6), 997–1019 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, S. Wang, S. Chen, Q. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Zhu, X. Zhang, X. Xu, T. Yang, M. He, X. Yang, Z. Li, X. Chen, M. Wu, Y. Lu, R. Ma, W. Lu, and A. Pan, “Wavelength-Tunable Mid-Infrared Lasing from Black Phosphorus Nanosheets,” Adv. Mater.1808319 (2020).

Zhang, Y.

J. Zheng, Z. Yang, C. Si, Z. Liang, X. Chen, R. Cao, Z. Guo, K. Wang, Y. Zhang, J. Ji, M. Zhang, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Black Phosphorus Based All-Optical-Signal-Processing: Toward High Performances and Enhanced Stability,” ACS Photonics 4(6), 1466–1476 (2017).
[Crossref]

Y. Zhang, S. Wang, S. Chen, Q. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Zhu, X. Zhang, X. Xu, T. Yang, M. He, X. Yang, Z. Li, X. Chen, M. Wu, Y. Lu, R. Ma, W. Lu, and A. Pan, “Wavelength-Tunable Mid-Infrared Lasing from Black Phosphorus Nanosheets,” Adv. Mater.1808319 (2020).

Zhang, Y.-W.

A. A. Kistanov, Y. Cai, K. Zhou, S. V Dmitriev, and Y.-W. Zhang, “The role of H2O and O2 molecules and phosphorus vacancies in the structure instability of phosphorene,” 2D Mater. 4(1), 015010 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhang, Z.

W. Lu, H. Nan, J. Hong, Y. Chen, C. Zhu, Z. Liang, X. Ma, Z. Ni, C. Jin, and Z. Zhang, “Plasma-assisted fabrication of monolayer phosphorene and its Raman characterization,” Nano Res. 7(6), 853–859 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhao, C.

C. Zhao, M. C. Sekhar, W. Lu, C. Zhang, J. Lai, S. Jia, and D. Sun, “Anisotropic visible photoluminescence from thermally annealed few-layer black phosphorus,” Nanotechnology 29(24), 245202 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhao, H.

X. Wang, A. M. Jones, K. L. Seyler, V. Tran, Y. Jia, H. Zhao, H. Wang, L. Yang, X. Xu, and F. Xia, “Highly anisotropic and robust excitons in monolayer black phosphorus,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(6), 517–521 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, J.

Y. Guo, K. Xu, C. Wu, J. Zhao, and Y. Xie, “Surface chemical-modification for engineering the intrinsic physical properties of inorganic two-dimensional nanomaterials,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 44(3), 637–646 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhao, L.

Zheng, H. M.

B. B. Wu, H. M. Zheng, Y. Q. Ding, W. J. Liu, H. L. Lu, P. Zhou, L. Chen, Q. Q. Sun, S. J. Ding, and D. W. Zhang, “Direct Growth of Al2O3 on Black Phosphorus by Plasma-Enhanced Atomic Layer Deposition,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 12(1), 282 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zheng, J.

J. Zheng, Z. Yang, C. Si, Z. Liang, X. Chen, R. Cao, Z. Guo, K. Wang, Y. Zhang, J. Ji, M. Zhang, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Black Phosphorus Based All-Optical-Signal-Processing: Toward High Performances and Enhanced Stability,” ACS Photonics 4(6), 1466–1476 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhou, K.

A. A. Kistanov, Y. Cai, K. Zhou, S. V Dmitriev, and Y.-W. Zhang, “The role of H2O and O2 molecules and phosphorus vacancies in the structure instability of phosphorene,” 2D Mater. 4(1), 015010 (2016).
[Crossref]

Zhou, P.

B. B. Wu, H. M. Zheng, Y. Q. Ding, W. J. Liu, H. L. Lu, P. Zhou, L. Chen, Q. Q. Sun, S. J. Ding, and D. W. Zhang, “Direct Growth of Al2O3 on Black Phosphorus by Plasma-Enhanced Atomic Layer Deposition,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 12(1), 282 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Y.

Y. Zhou, M. Zhang, Z. Guo, L. Miao, S. T. Han, Z. Wang, X. Zhang, H. Zhang, and Z. Peng, “Recent advances in black phosphorus-based photonics, electronics, sensors and energy devices,” Mater. Horiz. 4(6), 997–1019 (2017).
[Crossref]

Zhu, C.

W. Lu, H. Nan, J. Hong, Y. Chen, C. Zhu, Z. Liang, X. Ma, Z. Ni, C. Jin, and Z. Zhang, “Plasma-assisted fabrication of monolayer phosphorene and its Raman characterization,” Nano Res. 7(6), 853–859 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhu, X.

Y. Zhang, S. Wang, S. Chen, Q. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Zhu, X. Zhang, X. Xu, T. Yang, M. He, X. Yang, Z. Li, X. Chen, M. Wu, Y. Lu, R. Ma, W. Lu, and A. Pan, “Wavelength-Tunable Mid-Infrared Lasing from Black Phosphorus Nanosheets,” Adv. Mater.1808319 (2020).

Ziletti, A.

J. Lu, J. Wu, A. Carvalho, A. Ziletti, H. Liu, J. Tan, Y. Chen, A. H. Castro Neto, B. Özyilmaz, and C. H. Sow, “Bandgap Engineering of Phosphorene by Laser Oxidation toward Functional 2D Materials,” ACS Nano 9(10), 10411–10421 (2015).
[Crossref]

A. Ziletti, A. Carvalho, D. K. Campbell, D. F. Coker, and A. H. Castro Neto, “Oxygen defects in phosphorene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(4), 046801 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zou, X.

X. Zou and B. I. Yakobson, “An open canvas - 2D materials with defects, disorder, and functionality,” Acc. Chem. Res. 48(1), 73–80 (2015).
[Crossref]

2D Mater. (5)

Z. Lin, B. R. Carvalho, E. Kahn, R. Lv, R. Rao, H. Terrones, M. A. Pimenta, and M. Terrones, “Defect engineering of two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides,” 2D Mater. 3(2), 022002 (2016).
[Crossref]

Z. Cheng, H. Abuzaid, Y. Yu, F. Zhang, Y. Li, S. G. Noyce, N. X. Williams, Y.-C. Lin, J. L. Doherty, C. Tao, L. Cao, and A. D. Franklin, “Convergent ion beam alteration of 2D materials and metal-2D interfaces,” 2D Mater. 6(3), 034005 (2019).
[Crossref]

A. Khatibi, R. H. Godiksen, S. B. Basuvalingam, D. Pellegrino, A. A. Bol, B. Shokri, and A. G. Curto, “Anisotropic infrared light emission from quasi-1D layered TiS3,” 2D Mater. 7(1), 015022 (2019).
[Crossref]

S. Kuriakose, T. Ahmed, S. Balendhran, V. Bansal, S. Sriram, M. Bhaskaran, and S. Walia, “Black phosphorus: ambient degradation and strategies for protection,” 2D Mater. 5(3), 032001 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. A. Kistanov, Y. Cai, K. Zhou, S. V Dmitriev, and Y.-W. Zhang, “The role of H2O and O2 molecules and phosphorus vacancies in the structure instability of phosphorene,” 2D Mater. 4(1), 015010 (2016).
[Crossref]

Acc. Chem. Res. (1)

X. Zou and B. I. Yakobson, “An open canvas - 2D materials with defects, disorder, and functionality,” Acc. Chem. Res. 48(1), 73–80 (2015).
[Crossref]

ACS Nano (5)

M. Tosun, L. Chan, M. Amani, T. Roy, G. H. Ahn, P. Taheri, C. Carraro, J. W. Ager, R. Maboudian, and A. Javey, “Air-Stable n-Doping of WSe2 by Anion Vacancy Formation with Mild Plasma Treatment,” ACS Nano 10(7), 6853–6860 (2016).
[Crossref]

H. Nan, Z. Wang, W. Wang, Z. Liang, Y. Lu, Q. Chen, D. He, P. Tan, F. Miao, X. Wang, J. Wang, and Z. Ni, “Strong photoluminescence enhancement of MoS2 through defect engineering and oxygen bonding,” ACS Nano 8(6), 5738–5745 (2014).
[Crossref]

D. K. Kim, S. B. Hong, K. Jeong, C. Lee, H. Kim, and M. H. Cho, “P-N Junction Diode Using Plasma Boron-Doped Black Phosphorus for High-Performance Photovoltaic Devices,” ACS Nano 13(2), 1683–1693 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Jia, S. K. Jang, S. Lai, J. Xu, Y. J. Choi, J. H. Park, and S. Lee, “Plasma-Treated Thickness-Controlled Two-Dimensional Black Phosphorus and Its Electronic Transport Properties,” ACS Nano 9(9), 8729–8736 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Lu, J. Wu, A. Carvalho, A. Ziletti, H. Liu, J. Tan, Y. Chen, A. H. Castro Neto, B. Özyilmaz, and C. H. Sow, “Bandgap Engineering of Phosphorene by Laser Oxidation toward Functional 2D Materials,” ACS Nano 9(10), 10411–10421 (2015).
[Crossref]

ACS Photonics (1)

J. Zheng, Z. Yang, C. Si, Z. Liang, X. Chen, R. Cao, Z. Guo, K. Wang, Y. Zhang, J. Ji, M. Zhang, D. Fan, and H. Zhang, “Black Phosphorus Based All-Optical-Signal-Processing: Toward High Performances and Enhanced Stability,” ACS Photonics 4(6), 1466–1476 (2017).
[Crossref]

Adv. Funct. Mater. (1)

Y. I. Jhon, Y. Kim, J. Park, J. H. Kim, T. Lee, M. Seo, and Y. M. Jhon, “Significant Exciton Brightening in Monolayer Tungsten Disulfides via Fluorination: n-Type Gas Sensing Semiconductors,” Adv. Funct. Mater. 26(42), 7551–7559 (2016).
[Crossref]

Adv. Mater. (3)

J. Shim, A. Oh, D. H. Kang, S. Oh, S. K. Jang, J. Jeon, M. H. Jeon, M. Kim, C. Choi, J. Lee, S. Lee, G. Y. Yeom, Y. J. Song, and J. H. Park, “High-Performance 2D Rhenium Disulfide (ReS2) Transistors and Photodetectors by Oxygen Plasma Treatment,” Adv. Mater. 28(32), 6985–6992 (2016).
[Crossref]

Y. Abate, D. Akinwande, S. Gamage, H. Wang, M. Snure, N. Poudel, and S. B. Cronin, “Recent Progress on Stability and Passivation of Black Phosphorus,” Adv. Mater. 30(29), 1704749 (2018).
[Crossref]

R. Dhall, M. R. Neupane, D. Wickramaratne, M. Mecklenburg, Z. Li, C. Moore, R. K. Lake, and S. Cronin, “Direct bandgap transition in many-layer MoS2 by plasma-induced layer decoupling,” Adv. Mater. 27(9), 1573–1578 (2015).
[Crossref]

Appl. Mater. Today (1)

S. Kuriakose, T. Ahmed, S. Balendhran, G. E. Collis, V. Bansal, I. Aharonovich, S. Sriram, M. Bhaskaran, and S. Walia, “Effects of plasma-treatment on the electrical and optoelectronic properties of layered black phosphorus,” Appl. Mater. Today 12, 244–249 (2018).
[Crossref]

Appl. Surf. Sci. (1)

T. Tomašević-Ilić, Đ. Jovanović, I. Popov, R. Fandan, J. Pedrós, M. Spasenović, and R. Gajić, “Reducing sheet resistance of self-assembled transparent graphene films by defect patching and doping with UV/ozone treatment,” Appl. Surf. Sci. 458, 446–453 (2018).
[Crossref]

Chem. Soc. Rev. (3)

Y. Guo, K. Xu, C. Wu, J. Zhao, and Y. Xie, “Surface chemical-modification for engineering the intrinsic physical properties of inorganic two-dimensional nanomaterials,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 44(3), 637–646 (2015).
[Crossref]

Z. Hu, Z. Wu, C. Han, J. He, Z. Ni, and W. Chen, “Two-dimensional transition metal dichalcogenides: Interface and defect engineering,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 47(9), 3100–3128 (2018).
[Crossref]

M. Qiu, W. X. Ren, T. Jeong, M. Won, G. Y. Park, D. K. Sang, L. P. Liu, H. Zhang, and J. S. Kim, “Omnipotent phosphorene: a next-generation, two-dimensional nanoplatform for multidisciplinary biomedical applications,” Chem. Soc. Rev. 47(15), 5588–5601 (2018).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. C (1)

G. Lee, J. Y. Lee, G. H. Lee, and J. Kim, “Tuning the thickness of black phosphorus: Via ion bombardment-free plasma etching for device performance improvement,” J. Mater. Chem. C 4(26), 6234–6239 (2016).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. Lett. (1)

A. Castellanos-Gomez, “Black Phosphorus: Narrow Gap, Wide Applications,” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 6(21), 4280–4291 (2015).
[Crossref]

Light: Sci. Appl. (1)

J. Yang, R. Xu, J. Pei, Y. W. Myint, F. Wang, Z. Wang, S. Zhang, Z. Yu, and Y. Lu, “Optical tuning of exciton and trion emissions in monolayer phosphorene,” Light: Sci. Appl. 4(7), e312 (2015).
[Crossref]

Mater. Horiz. (1)

Y. Zhou, M. Zhang, Z. Guo, L. Miao, S. T. Han, Z. Wang, X. Zhang, H. Zhang, and Z. Peng, “Recent advances in black phosphorus-based photonics, electronics, sensors and energy devices,” Mater. Horiz. 4(6), 997–1019 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nano Lett. (2)

C. Ruppert, O. B. Aslan, and T. F. Heinz, “Optical properties and band gap of single- and few-layer MoTe2 crystals,” Nano Lett. 14(11), 6231–6236 (2014).
[Crossref]

C. Chen, F. Chen, X. Chen, B. Deng, B. Eng, D. Jung, Q. Guo, S. Yuan, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, M. L. Lee, and F. Xia, “Bright Mid-Infrared Photoluminescence from Thin-Film Black Phosphorus,” Nano Lett. 19(3), 1488–1493 (2019).
[Crossref]

Nano Res. (1)

W. Lu, H. Nan, J. Hong, Y. Chen, C. Zhu, Z. Liang, X. Ma, Z. Ni, C. Jin, and Z. Zhang, “Plasma-assisted fabrication of monolayer phosphorene and its Raman characterization,” Nano Res. 7(6), 853–859 (2014).
[Crossref]

Nanoscale Res. Lett. (1)

B. B. Wu, H. M. Zheng, Y. Q. Ding, W. J. Liu, H. L. Lu, P. Zhou, L. Chen, Q. Q. Sun, S. J. Ding, and D. W. Zhang, “Direct Growth of Al2O3 on Black Phosphorus by Plasma-Enhanced Atomic Layer Deposition,” Nanoscale Res. Lett. 12(1), 282 (2017).
[Crossref]

Nanotechnology (2)

B. Wan, B. Yang, Y. Wang, J. Zhang, Z. Zeng, Z. Liu, and W. Wang, “Enhanced stability of black phosphorus field-effect transistors with SiO2 passivation,” Nanotechnology 26(43), 435702 (2015).
[Crossref]

C. Zhao, M. C. Sekhar, W. Lu, C. Zhang, J. Lai, S. Jia, and D. Sun, “Anisotropic visible photoluminescence from thermally annealed few-layer black phosphorus,” Nanotechnology 29(24), 245202 (2018).
[Crossref]

Nat. Commun. (1)

J. Pei, X. Gai, J. Yang, X. Wang, Z. Yu, D. Y. Choi, B. Luther-Davies, and Y. Lu, “Producing air-stable monolayers of phosphorene and their defect engineering,” Nat. Commun. 7(1), 10450 (2016).
[Crossref]

Nat. Nanotechnol. (2)

H. Yuan, X. Liu, F. Afshinmanesh, W. Li, G. Xu, J. Sun, B. Lian, A. G. Curto, G. Ye, Y. Hikita, Z. Shen, S.-C. Zhang, X. Chen, M. Brongersma, H. Y. Hwang, and Y. Cui, “Polarization-sensitive broadband photodetector using a black phosphorus vertical p–n junction,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(8), 707–713 (2015).
[Crossref]

X. Wang, A. M. Jones, K. L. Seyler, V. Tran, Y. Jia, H. Zhao, H. Wang, L. Yang, X. Xu, and F. Xia, “Highly anisotropic and robust excitons in monolayer black phosphorus,” Nat. Nanotechnol. 10(6), 517–521 (2015).
[Crossref]

Nat. Rev. Phys. (1)

T. Susi, J. C. Meyer, and J. Kotakoski, “Quantifying transmission electron microscopy irradiation effects using two-dimensional materials,” Nat. Rev. Phys. 1(6), 397–405 (2019).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Phys. Rev. B (1)

F. Wang, G. Zhang, S. Huang, C. Song, C. Wang, Q. Xing, Y. Lei, and H. Yan, “Electronic structures of air-exposed few-layer black phosphorus by optical spectroscopy,” Phys. Rev. B 99(7), 075427 (2019).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

A. Ziletti, A. Carvalho, D. K. Campbell, D. F. Coker, and A. H. Castro Neto, “Oxygen defects in phosphorene,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 114(4), 046801 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sci. Adv. (1)

C. Chen, X. Lu, B. Deng, X. Chen, Q. Guo, C. Li, C. Ma, S. Yuan, E. Sung, K. Watanabe, T. Taniguchi, L. Yang, and F. Xia, “Widely tunable mid-infrared light emission in thin-film black phosphorus,” Sci. Adv. 6(7), eaay6134 (2020).
[Crossref]

Sci. Rep. (1)

Y. Kim, Y. I. Jhon, J. Park, C. Kim, S. Lee, and Y. M. Jhon, “Plasma functionalization for cyclic transition between neutral and charged excitons in monolayer MoS2,” Sci. Rep. 6(1), 21405 (2016).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

Y. Zhang, S. Wang, S. Chen, Q. Zhang, X. Wang, X. Zhu, X. Zhang, X. Xu, T. Yang, M. He, X. Yang, Z. Li, X. Chen, M. Wu, Y. Lu, R. Ma, W. Lu, and A. Pan, “Wavelength-Tunable Mid-Infrared Lasing from Black Phosphorus Nanosheets,” Adv. Mater.1808319 (2020).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. Appearance of defect emission in few-layer black phosphorus during laser-induced photo-oxidation. Evolution of photoluminescence spectra of few-layer BP in air at different times under laser exposure (λ = 532 nm with power density 0.23 kW/cm2). The blue and green peaks match the photoluminescence spectra of pristine four- and bilayer BP, respectively. The red peak shows a broad and spectrally shifting contribution attributed to defect formation.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Evolution of spectral contributions to emission in few-layer black phosphorus during laser-induced photo-oxidation. (a) Change of emission peak energies under laser exposure. (b) Spectrally integrated photoluminescence of the peaks retrieved from fitting as a function of laser exposure time. (c) Spectral full width at half maximum of the peaks. For the defect contribution (red), all quantities show a gradual increase of defect density due to photo-oxidation until saturation occurs after 730 s. In comparison, the bilayer (green) and four-layer (blue) contributions show stable peak energy and width.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. Tunable photoluminescence and photostability of plasma-enhanced encapsulated few-layer black phosphorus. (a) Photoluminescence spectrum of SiO2-encapsulated black phosphorus compared to the peak energies of pristine few-layer flakes. (b) Photostability of the same SiO2-encapsulated black phosphorus sample (red line) using spectrally integrated photoluminescence versus continuous laser exposure time in ambient air. Bilayer black phosphorus without any protection in air (green line and spectra in the inset) degrades quickly in comparison. (c) Excitation power dependence of spectrally integrated photoluminescence. The fitting to a power law shows the sub-linear dependence characteristic of defects.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. Linear polarization anisotropy of plasma-enhanced encapsulated black phosphorus. (a) Polarization-resolved photoluminescence spectra measured at room temperature for SiO2-encapsulated few-layer black phosphorus, revealing strong in-plane linear polarization anisotropy in emission. X (Y) denotes the crystal direction with maximum (minimum) emission corresponding to the armchair and zigzag directions, respectively. Inset: bright-field reflection microscopy image of encapsulated sample showing crystal axes and atomic force microscopy image, including a line section (green) of the area of interest. (b) Spectrally integrated photoluminescence as a function of linear polarization angle in detection for the same sample. The solid gray line is a fitted curve to a cosine-squared dependence, which confirms that the optical transition is forbidden along the Y-direction, as known for the zigzag direction in unencapsulated black phosphorus.

Metrics