Abstract

In this study, Er3+/Yb3+/Al3+/P5+-doped silica (simplified as EYAPS) glasses with different P/Al ratios ranging from zero to infinity were fabricated via the sol-gel method combined with high-temperature sintering. The absorption, emission and fluorescence lifetime of Yb3+ and Er3+ ions as well as the energy transfer efficiency from Yb3+ to Er3+ ions were recorded. The composition-dependent macroscopic properties were correlated to the glass structures, and probed by pulse electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and Raman spectroscopy. Results show that the spectral properties of Er3+ and Yb3+ ions and their local environment as well as the global glass network structure of EYAPS glasses are strongly dominated by the P/Al ratio. With the increase of the P/Al ratio, pulse EPR shows that rare earth ions gradually moved from a silicon and aluminum rich environment to a phosphorus rich environment. Raman spectroscopy shows that the maximum phonon energy of EYAPS samples gradually increases from 1200 to 1326 cm−1 due to the formation of AlPO4-like units and P = O double bonds. These structural changes lead to a gradual increase of peak absorption and emission cross sections of Er3+ ions at 1.5 µm, as well as the energy transfer efficiency of 2F5/2 level of Yb3+ to 4I11/2 level of Er3+ ions.

© 2020 Optical Society of America under the terms of the OSA Open Access Publishing Agreement

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Enhancement of lifetime in Er-doped silica optical fiber by doping Yb ions via atomic layer deposition

Qian Wang, Jianxiang Wen, Yanhua Luo, Gang-Ding Peng, Fufei Pang, Zhenyi Chen, and Tingyun Wang
Opt. Mater. Express 10(2) 397-407 (2020)

Spectroscopic and laser properties of Al-P co-doped Yb silica fiber core-glass rod and large mode area fiber prepared by sol-gel method

Shikai Wang, Wenbin Xu, Fengguang Lou, Lei Zhang, Qinling Zhou, Danping Chen, Wei Chen, Suya Feng, Meng Wang, Chunlei Yu, and Lili Hu
Opt. Mater. Express 6(1) 69-78 (2016)

Optical properties of ytterbium/aluminium doped silica glasses

Sonja Unger, Anka Schwuchow, Jan Dellith, and Johannes Kirchhof
Opt. Mater. Express 10(4) 907-925 (2020)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. L. V. Kotov and M. E. Likhachev, “High Power Continuous-Wave Er-doped Fiber Lasers,” in Optics, Photonics and Laser Technology 2017, P. Ribeiro, D. L. Andrews, and M. Raposo, eds. (Springer International Publishing, 2019), pp. 165–192.
  2. Z. Dong, R. Xu, W. Zhang, H. Guoyu, L. Hua, J. Tian, and Y. Song, “Er-doped all-fiber laser mode-locked by graphitic carbon nitride nanosheets,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 16(8), 081401 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  3. Z. Guo, Q. Hao, J. Peng, and H. Zeng, “Environmentally stable Er-fiber mode-locked pulse generation and amplification by spectrally filtered and phase-biased nonlinear amplifying long-loop mirror,” High Power Laser Sci. Eng. 7, e41 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  4. J. Alaniz-Baylon, M. Durán-Sánchez, R. I. Álvarez-Tamayo, B. Posada-Ramírez, M. Bello-Jiménez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, A. A. Castillo-Guzman, and E. A. Kuzin, “Fiber laser with simultaneous multi-wavelength Er/Yb passively Q-switched and single-wavelength Tm gain-switched operations,” Photonics Res. 7(6), 608–614 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  5. H. Lin, Y. Feng, Y. Feng, P. Barua, J. K. Sahu, and J. Nilsson, “656 W Er-doped, Yb-free large-core fiber laser,” Opt. Lett. 43(13), 3080 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  6. M. N. Zervas and C. A. Codemard, “High power fiber lasers: a review,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 219–241 (2014).
    [Crossref]
  7. E. Delevaque, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Lamouler, and J.-F. Bayon, “Modeling of pair-induced quenching in erbium-doped silicate fibers,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L 5(1), 73–75 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  8. J. Wagener, P. Wysocki, M. Digonnet, H. Shaw, and D. DiGiovanni, “Effect of concentration on the efficiency of erbium-doped silica fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 1789, 80 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  9. N. V. Kiritchenko, L. V. Kotov, M. A. Melkumov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Yashkov, A. Y. Laptev, and A. N. Guryanov, “Effect of ytterbium co-doping on erbium clustering in silica-doped glass,” Laser Phys. 25(2), 025102 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  10. V. McGahay and M. Tomozawa, “Phase separation in rare-earth-doped SiO2 glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 159(3), 246–252 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  11. R. S. Quimby, W. J. Miniscalco, and B. Thompson, “Clustering in erbium-doped silica glass fibers analyzed using 980 nm excited state absorption,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(8), 4472–4478 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  12. R. S. Quimby, W. J. Miniscalco, and B. A. Thompson, “Quantitative characterization of clustering in erbium-doped silica glass fibers,” in Fiber Laser Sources and Amplifiers V (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 1994), pp. 2–12.
  13. K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  14. V. Petit, T. Okazaki, E. H. Sekiya, R. Bacus, K. Saito, and A. J. Ikushima, “Characterization of Yb3+ clusters in silica glass preforms,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 300–305 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  15. S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Optical properties of Yb-doped laser fibers in dependence on codopants and preparation conditions,” (SPIE, 2008), pp. 689016–6890111.
  16. C. Shao, J. Ren, F. Wang, N. Ollier, F. Xie, X. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Origin of Radiation-Induced Darkening in Yb3+/Al3+/P5+-Doped Silica Glasses: Effect of the P/Al Ratio,” J. Phys. Chem. B 122(10), 2809–2820 (2018).
    [Crossref]
  17. B. G. Aitken, R. E. Youngman, R. R. Deshpande, and H. Eckert, “Structure−Property Relations in Mixed-Network Glasses: Multinuclear Solid State NMR Investigations of the System xAl2O3: (30-x) P2O5: 70SiO2,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113(8), 3322–3331 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  18. W. Xu, J. Ren, C. Shao, X. Wang, M. Wang, L. Zhang, D. Chen, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Effect of P5+ on spectroscopy and structure of Yb3+/Al3+/P5+ co-doped silica glass,” J LUMIN 167, 8–15 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  19. F. Wang, C. Shao, C. Yu, S. Wang, L. Zhang, G. Gao, and L. Hu, “Effect of AlPO4 join concentration on optical properties and radiation hardening performance of Yb-doped Al2O3-P2O5-SiO2 glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 125(17), 173104 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  20. M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, K. V. Zotov, D. S. Lipatov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Effect of the AlPO4 join on the pump-to-signal conversion efficiency in heavily Er-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 34(21), 3355 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  21. S. Jetschke, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and J. Kirchhof, “Efficient Yb laser fibers with low photodarkening by optimization of the core composition,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15540–15545 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  22. W. J. Miniscalco, “Erbium-doped glasses for fiber amplifiers at 1500 nm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(2), 234–250 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  23. P. M. Peters and S. N. Houde-Walter, “X-ray absorption fine structure determination of the local environment of Er3+ in glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(5), 541–543 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  24. P. M. Peters and S. N. Houde-Walter, “Local structure of Er3+ in multicomponent glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239(1-3), 162–169 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  25. T. Haruna, J. Iihara, Y. Saito, K. Yamaguchi, M. Onishi, and S. Ishikawa, “Analysis of Coordination Structure around Erbium in Erbium-Doped Fiber,” SEI Tech. Review - Eng. Ed. 66, 129 (2008).
  26. T. Haruna, J. Iihara, K. Yamaguchi, Y. Saito, S. Ishikawa, M. Onishi, and T. Murata, “Local structure analyses around Er3+ in Er-doped fibers with Al co-doping,” Opt. Express 14(23), 11036 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  27. Q. He, F. Wang, Z. Lin, C. Shao, M. Wang, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Temperature dependence of spectral and laser properties of Er3+/Al3+ co-doped aluminosilicate fiber,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 17(10), 101401 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  28. Q. Wang, N. K. Dutta, and R. Ahrens, “Spectroscopic properties of Er doped silica glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(8), 4025–4028 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  29. A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of Codoping Effects on the Solubility Enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 Glass: Striking Difference between Al and P Codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(15), 7617–7620 (2006).
    [Crossref]
  30. F. Cova, M. Fasoli, F. Moretti, N. Chiodini, K. Pauwels, E. Auffray, M. T. Lucchini, E. Bourret, I. Veronese, E. D. Ippolito, and A. Vedda, “Optical properties and radiation hardness of Pr-doped sol-gel silica: Influence of fiber drawing process,” J. Lumin. 192, 661–667 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  31. I. Veronese, C. De Mattia, M. Fasoli, N. Chiodini, M. C. Cantone, F. Moretti, C. Dujardin, and A. Vedda, “Role of Optical Fiber Drawing in Radioluminescence Hysteresis of Yb-Doped Silica,” J. Phys. Chem. C 119(27), 15572–15578 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  32. F. Wang, L. Hu, W. Xu, M. Wang, S. Feng, J. Ren, L. Zhang, D. Chen, N. Ollier, G. Gao, C. Yu, and S. Wang, “Manipulating refractive index, homogeneity and spectroscopy of Yb3+-doped silica-core glass towards high-power large mode area photonic crystal fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 25(21), 25960–25969 (2017).
    [Crossref]
  33. C. Shao, F. Xie, F. Wang, M. Guo, R. Zhu, H. Zhang, M. Wang, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “UV absorption bands and its relevance to local structures of ytterbium ions in Yb3+/Al3+/P5+-doped silica glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 512, 53–59 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  34. S. Wang, F. Lou, C. Yu, Q. Zhou, M. Wang, S. Feng, D. Chen, L. Hu, W. Chen, M. Guzik, and G. Boulon, “Influence of Al3+ and P5+ ion contents on the valence state of Yb3+ ions and the dispersion effect of Al3+ and P5+ ions on Yb3+ ions in silica glass,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2, 4406 (2014).
  35. T. Okazaki, E. H. Sekiya, and K. Saito, “P/Al atomic ratio dependence of local structure around Yb3+ ions and optical properties of Yb-Al-P-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 58(12), 122005 (2019).
    [Crossref]
  36. D. E. McCumber, “Theory of phonon-terminated optical masers,” Phys. review 134(2A), A299–A306 (1964).
    [Crossref]
  37. M. de Oliveira, T. Uesbeck, T. S. Gonçalves, C. J. Magon, P. S. Pizani, A. S. S. de Camargo, and H. Eckert, “Network Structure and Rare-Earth Ion Local Environments in Fluoride Phosphate Photonic Glasses Studied by Solid-State NMR and Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopies,” J. Phys. Chem. C 119(43), 24574–24587 (2015).
    [Crossref]
  38. T. Deschamps, N. Ollier, H. Vezin, and C. Gonnet, “Clusters dissolution of Yb3+ in codoped SiO2-Al2O3-P2O5 glass fiber and its relevance to photodarkening,” J. Chem. Phys. 136(1), 014503 (2012).
    [Crossref]
  39. F. L. Galeener, “Planar rings in vitreous silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 49(1-3), 53–62 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  40. C. Shao, Y. Jiao, F. Lou, M. Wang, L. Zhang, S. Feng, S. Wang, D. Chen, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Enhanced radiation resistance of ytterbium-doped silica fiber by pretreating on a fiber preform,” Opt. Mater. Express 10(2), 408 (2020).
    [Crossref]
  41. F. L. Galeener and A. E. Geissberger, “Raman studies of vitreous SiO2 versus fictive temperature,” Phys. Rev. B 28(6), 3266–3271 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  42. W. J. Miniscalco, “Optical and electronic properties of rare earth ions in glasses,” Opt. Eng. 71, 17–112 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  43. E. F. Artem’Ev, A. G. Murzin, and Y. K. Fedorov, “Some characteristics of population inversion of the 4I13/2 level of erbium ions in ytterbium-erbium glasses,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11(9), 1266–1268 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  44. J. E. Townsend, W. L. Barnes, and S. G. Crubb, “Yb3+ sensitised Er3+ doped silica optical fibre with ultra high transfer efficiency and gain,” MRS Proc. 244, 143 (1991).
    [Crossref]

2020 (1)

2019 (6)

Z. Guo, Q. Hao, J. Peng, and H. Zeng, “Environmentally stable Er-fiber mode-locked pulse generation and amplification by spectrally filtered and phase-biased nonlinear amplifying long-loop mirror,” High Power Laser Sci. Eng. 7, e41 (2019).
[Crossref]

J. Alaniz-Baylon, M. Durán-Sánchez, R. I. Álvarez-Tamayo, B. Posada-Ramírez, M. Bello-Jiménez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, A. A. Castillo-Guzman, and E. A. Kuzin, “Fiber laser with simultaneous multi-wavelength Er/Yb passively Q-switched and single-wavelength Tm gain-switched operations,” Photonics Res. 7(6), 608–614 (2019).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, C. Shao, C. Yu, S. Wang, L. Zhang, G. Gao, and L. Hu, “Effect of AlPO4 join concentration on optical properties and radiation hardening performance of Yb-doped Al2O3-P2O5-SiO2 glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 125(17), 173104 (2019).
[Crossref]

Q. He, F. Wang, Z. Lin, C. Shao, M. Wang, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Temperature dependence of spectral and laser properties of Er3+/Al3+ co-doped aluminosilicate fiber,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 17(10), 101401 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Shao, F. Xie, F. Wang, M. Guo, R. Zhu, H. Zhang, M. Wang, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “UV absorption bands and its relevance to local structures of ytterbium ions in Yb3+/Al3+/P5+-doped silica glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 512, 53–59 (2019).
[Crossref]

T. Okazaki, E. H. Sekiya, and K. Saito, “P/Al atomic ratio dependence of local structure around Yb3+ ions and optical properties of Yb-Al-P-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 58(12), 122005 (2019).
[Crossref]

2018 (3)

2017 (2)

F. Cova, M. Fasoli, F. Moretti, N. Chiodini, K. Pauwels, E. Auffray, M. T. Lucchini, E. Bourret, I. Veronese, E. D. Ippolito, and A. Vedda, “Optical properties and radiation hardness of Pr-doped sol-gel silica: Influence of fiber drawing process,” J. Lumin. 192, 661–667 (2017).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, L. Hu, W. Xu, M. Wang, S. Feng, J. Ren, L. Zhang, D. Chen, N. Ollier, G. Gao, C. Yu, and S. Wang, “Manipulating refractive index, homogeneity and spectroscopy of Yb3+-doped silica-core glass towards high-power large mode area photonic crystal fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 25(21), 25960–25969 (2017).
[Crossref]

2015 (4)

I. Veronese, C. De Mattia, M. Fasoli, N. Chiodini, M. C. Cantone, F. Moretti, C. Dujardin, and A. Vedda, “Role of Optical Fiber Drawing in Radioluminescence Hysteresis of Yb-Doped Silica,” J. Phys. Chem. C 119(27), 15572–15578 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. de Oliveira, T. Uesbeck, T. S. Gonçalves, C. J. Magon, P. S. Pizani, A. S. S. de Camargo, and H. Eckert, “Network Structure and Rare-Earth Ion Local Environments in Fluoride Phosphate Photonic Glasses Studied by Solid-State NMR and Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopies,” J. Phys. Chem. C 119(43), 24574–24587 (2015).
[Crossref]

W. Xu, J. Ren, C. Shao, X. Wang, M. Wang, L. Zhang, D. Chen, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Effect of P5+ on spectroscopy and structure of Yb3+/Al3+/P5+ co-doped silica glass,” J LUMIN 167, 8–15 (2015).
[Crossref]

N. V. Kiritchenko, L. V. Kotov, M. A. Melkumov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Yashkov, A. Y. Laptev, and A. N. Guryanov, “Effect of ytterbium co-doping on erbium clustering in silica-doped glass,” Laser Phys. 25(2), 025102 (2015).
[Crossref]

2014 (2)

M. N. Zervas and C. A. Codemard, “High power fiber lasers: a review,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 219–241 (2014).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, F. Lou, C. Yu, Q. Zhou, M. Wang, S. Feng, D. Chen, L. Hu, W. Chen, M. Guzik, and G. Boulon, “Influence of Al3+ and P5+ ion contents on the valence state of Yb3+ ions and the dispersion effect of Al3+ and P5+ ions on Yb3+ ions in silica glass,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2, 4406 (2014).

2012 (1)

T. Deschamps, N. Ollier, H. Vezin, and C. Gonnet, “Clusters dissolution of Yb3+ in codoped SiO2-Al2O3-P2O5 glass fiber and its relevance to photodarkening,” J. Chem. Phys. 136(1), 014503 (2012).
[Crossref]

2009 (2)

B. G. Aitken, R. E. Youngman, R. R. Deshpande, and H. Eckert, “Structure−Property Relations in Mixed-Network Glasses: Multinuclear Solid State NMR Investigations of the System xAl2O3: (30-x) P2O5: 70SiO2,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113(8), 3322–3331 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, K. V. Zotov, D. S. Lipatov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Effect of the AlPO4 join on the pump-to-signal conversion efficiency in heavily Er-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 34(21), 3355 (2009).
[Crossref]

2008 (3)

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and J. Kirchhof, “Efficient Yb laser fibers with low photodarkening by optimization of the core composition,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15540–15545 (2008).
[Crossref]

V. Petit, T. Okazaki, E. H. Sekiya, R. Bacus, K. Saito, and A. J. Ikushima, “Characterization of Yb3+ clusters in silica glass preforms,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 300–305 (2008).
[Crossref]

T. Haruna, J. Iihara, Y. Saito, K. Yamaguchi, M. Onishi, and S. Ishikawa, “Analysis of Coordination Structure around Erbium in Erbium-Doped Fiber,” SEI Tech. Review - Eng. Ed. 66, 129 (2008).

2006 (2)

T. Haruna, J. Iihara, K. Yamaguchi, Y. Saito, S. Ishikawa, M. Onishi, and T. Murata, “Local structure analyses around Er3+ in Er-doped fibers with Al co-doping,” Opt. Express 14(23), 11036 (2006).
[Crossref]

A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of Codoping Effects on the Solubility Enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 Glass: Striking Difference between Al and P Codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(15), 7617–7620 (2006).
[Crossref]

2004 (1)

Q. Wang, N. K. Dutta, and R. Ahrens, “Spectroscopic properties of Er doped silica glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(8), 4025–4028 (2004).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

W. J. Miniscalco, “Optical and electronic properties of rare earth ions in glasses,” Opt. Eng. 71, 17–112 (2001).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

P. M. Peters and S. N. Houde-Walter, “Local structure of Er3+ in multicomponent glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239(1-3), 162–169 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

P. M. Peters and S. N. Houde-Walter, “X-ray absorption fine structure determination of the local environment of Er3+ in glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(5), 541–543 (1997).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

R. S. Quimby, W. J. Miniscalco, and B. Thompson, “Clustering in erbium-doped silica glass fibers analyzed using 980 nm excited state absorption,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(8), 4472–4478 (1994).
[Crossref]

1993 (3)

V. McGahay and M. Tomozawa, “Phase separation in rare-earth-doped SiO2 glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 159(3), 246–252 (1993).
[Crossref]

E. Delevaque, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Lamouler, and J.-F. Bayon, “Modeling of pair-induced quenching in erbium-doped silicate fibers,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L 5(1), 73–75 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. Wagener, P. Wysocki, M. Digonnet, H. Shaw, and D. DiGiovanni, “Effect of concentration on the efficiency of erbium-doped silica fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 1789, 80 (1993).
[Crossref]

1991 (2)

W. J. Miniscalco, “Erbium-doped glasses for fiber amplifiers at 1500 nm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(2), 234–250 (1991).
[Crossref]

J. E. Townsend, W. L. Barnes, and S. G. Crubb, “Yb3+ sensitised Er3+ doped silica optical fibre with ultra high transfer efficiency and gain,” MRS Proc. 244, 143 (1991).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

F. L. Galeener and A. E. Geissberger, “Raman studies of vitreous SiO2 versus fictive temperature,” Phys. Rev. B 28(6), 3266–3271 (1983).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

F. L. Galeener, “Planar rings in vitreous silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 49(1-3), 53–62 (1982).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

E. F. Artem’Ev, A. G. Murzin, and Y. K. Fedorov, “Some characteristics of population inversion of the 4I13/2 level of erbium ions in ytterbium-erbium glasses,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11(9), 1266–1268 (1981).
[Crossref]

1964 (1)

D. E. McCumber, “Theory of phonon-terminated optical masers,” Phys. review 134(2A), A299–A306 (1964).
[Crossref]

Ahrens, R.

Q. Wang, N. K. Dutta, and R. Ahrens, “Spectroscopic properties of Er doped silica glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(8), 4025–4028 (2004).
[Crossref]

Aitken, B. G.

B. G. Aitken, R. E. Youngman, R. R. Deshpande, and H. Eckert, “Structure−Property Relations in Mixed-Network Glasses: Multinuclear Solid State NMR Investigations of the System xAl2O3: (30-x) P2O5: 70SiO2,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113(8), 3322–3331 (2009).
[Crossref]

Alaniz-Baylon, J.

J. Alaniz-Baylon, M. Durán-Sánchez, R. I. Álvarez-Tamayo, B. Posada-Ramírez, M. Bello-Jiménez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, A. A. Castillo-Guzman, and E. A. Kuzin, “Fiber laser with simultaneous multi-wavelength Er/Yb passively Q-switched and single-wavelength Tm gain-switched operations,” Photonics Res. 7(6), 608–614 (2019).
[Crossref]

Álvarez-Tamayo, R. I.

J. Alaniz-Baylon, M. Durán-Sánchez, R. I. Álvarez-Tamayo, B. Posada-Ramírez, M. Bello-Jiménez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, A. A. Castillo-Guzman, and E. A. Kuzin, “Fiber laser with simultaneous multi-wavelength Er/Yb passively Q-switched and single-wavelength Tm gain-switched operations,” Photonics Res. 7(6), 608–614 (2019).
[Crossref]

Arai, K.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[Crossref]

Artem’Ev, E. F.

E. F. Artem’Ev, A. G. Murzin, and Y. K. Fedorov, “Some characteristics of population inversion of the 4I13/2 level of erbium ions in ytterbium-erbium glasses,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11(9), 1266–1268 (1981).
[Crossref]

Auffray, E.

F. Cova, M. Fasoli, F. Moretti, N. Chiodini, K. Pauwels, E. Auffray, M. T. Lucchini, E. Bourret, I. Veronese, E. D. Ippolito, and A. Vedda, “Optical properties and radiation hardness of Pr-doped sol-gel silica: Influence of fiber drawing process,” J. Lumin. 192, 661–667 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bacus, R.

V. Petit, T. Okazaki, E. H. Sekiya, R. Bacus, K. Saito, and A. J. Ikushima, “Characterization of Yb3+ clusters in silica glass preforms,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 300–305 (2008).
[Crossref]

Barnes, W. L.

J. E. Townsend, W. L. Barnes, and S. G. Crubb, “Yb3+ sensitised Er3+ doped silica optical fibre with ultra high transfer efficiency and gain,” MRS Proc. 244, 143 (1991).
[Crossref]

Barua, P.

Bayon, J.-F.

E. Delevaque, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Lamouler, and J.-F. Bayon, “Modeling of pair-induced quenching in erbium-doped silicate fibers,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L 5(1), 73–75 (1993).
[Crossref]

Bello-Jiménez, M.

J. Alaniz-Baylon, M. Durán-Sánchez, R. I. Álvarez-Tamayo, B. Posada-Ramírez, M. Bello-Jiménez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, A. A. Castillo-Guzman, and E. A. Kuzin, “Fiber laser with simultaneous multi-wavelength Er/Yb passively Q-switched and single-wavelength Tm gain-switched operations,” Photonics Res. 7(6), 608–614 (2019).
[Crossref]

Boulon, G.

S. Wang, F. Lou, C. Yu, Q. Zhou, M. Wang, S. Feng, D. Chen, L. Hu, W. Chen, M. Guzik, and G. Boulon, “Influence of Al3+ and P5+ ion contents on the valence state of Yb3+ ions and the dispersion effect of Al3+ and P5+ ions on Yb3+ ions in silica glass,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2, 4406 (2014).

Bourret, E.

F. Cova, M. Fasoli, F. Moretti, N. Chiodini, K. Pauwels, E. Auffray, M. T. Lucchini, E. Bourret, I. Veronese, E. D. Ippolito, and A. Vedda, “Optical properties and radiation hardness of Pr-doped sol-gel silica: Influence of fiber drawing process,” J. Lumin. 192, 661–667 (2017).
[Crossref]

Bubnov, M. M.

N. V. Kiritchenko, L. V. Kotov, M. A. Melkumov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Yashkov, A. Y. Laptev, and A. N. Guryanov, “Effect of ytterbium co-doping on erbium clustering in silica-doped glass,” Laser Phys. 25(2), 025102 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, K. V. Zotov, D. S. Lipatov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Effect of the AlPO4 join on the pump-to-signal conversion efficiency in heavily Er-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 34(21), 3355 (2009).
[Crossref]

Cantone, M. C.

I. Veronese, C. De Mattia, M. Fasoli, N. Chiodini, M. C. Cantone, F. Moretti, C. Dujardin, and A. Vedda, “Role of Optical Fiber Drawing in Radioluminescence Hysteresis of Yb-Doped Silica,” J. Phys. Chem. C 119(27), 15572–15578 (2015).
[Crossref]

Castillo-Guzman, A. A.

J. Alaniz-Baylon, M. Durán-Sánchez, R. I. Álvarez-Tamayo, B. Posada-Ramírez, M. Bello-Jiménez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, A. A. Castillo-Guzman, and E. A. Kuzin, “Fiber laser with simultaneous multi-wavelength Er/Yb passively Q-switched and single-wavelength Tm gain-switched operations,” Photonics Res. 7(6), 608–614 (2019).
[Crossref]

Chen, D.

C. Shao, Y. Jiao, F. Lou, M. Wang, L. Zhang, S. Feng, S. Wang, D. Chen, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Enhanced radiation resistance of ytterbium-doped silica fiber by pretreating on a fiber preform,” Opt. Mater. Express 10(2), 408 (2020).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, L. Hu, W. Xu, M. Wang, S. Feng, J. Ren, L. Zhang, D. Chen, N. Ollier, G. Gao, C. Yu, and S. Wang, “Manipulating refractive index, homogeneity and spectroscopy of Yb3+-doped silica-core glass towards high-power large mode area photonic crystal fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 25(21), 25960–25969 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Xu, J. Ren, C. Shao, X. Wang, M. Wang, L. Zhang, D. Chen, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Effect of P5+ on spectroscopy and structure of Yb3+/Al3+/P5+ co-doped silica glass,” J LUMIN 167, 8–15 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, F. Lou, C. Yu, Q. Zhou, M. Wang, S. Feng, D. Chen, L. Hu, W. Chen, M. Guzik, and G. Boulon, “Influence of Al3+ and P5+ ion contents on the valence state of Yb3+ ions and the dispersion effect of Al3+ and P5+ ions on Yb3+ ions in silica glass,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2, 4406 (2014).

Chen, W.

S. Wang, F. Lou, C. Yu, Q. Zhou, M. Wang, S. Feng, D. Chen, L. Hu, W. Chen, M. Guzik, and G. Boulon, “Influence of Al3+ and P5+ ion contents on the valence state of Yb3+ ions and the dispersion effect of Al3+ and P5+ ions on Yb3+ ions in silica glass,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2, 4406 (2014).

Chiodini, N.

F. Cova, M. Fasoli, F. Moretti, N. Chiodini, K. Pauwels, E. Auffray, M. T. Lucchini, E. Bourret, I. Veronese, E. D. Ippolito, and A. Vedda, “Optical properties and radiation hardness of Pr-doped sol-gel silica: Influence of fiber drawing process,” J. Lumin. 192, 661–667 (2017).
[Crossref]

I. Veronese, C. De Mattia, M. Fasoli, N. Chiodini, M. C. Cantone, F. Moretti, C. Dujardin, and A. Vedda, “Role of Optical Fiber Drawing in Radioluminescence Hysteresis of Yb-Doped Silica,” J. Phys. Chem. C 119(27), 15572–15578 (2015).
[Crossref]

Codemard, C. A.

M. N. Zervas and C. A. Codemard, “High power fiber lasers: a review,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 219–241 (2014).
[Crossref]

Cova, F.

F. Cova, M. Fasoli, F. Moretti, N. Chiodini, K. Pauwels, E. Auffray, M. T. Lucchini, E. Bourret, I. Veronese, E. D. Ippolito, and A. Vedda, “Optical properties and radiation hardness of Pr-doped sol-gel silica: Influence of fiber drawing process,” J. Lumin. 192, 661–667 (2017).
[Crossref]

Crubb, S. G.

J. E. Townsend, W. L. Barnes, and S. G. Crubb, “Yb3+ sensitised Er3+ doped silica optical fibre with ultra high transfer efficiency and gain,” MRS Proc. 244, 143 (1991).
[Crossref]

de Camargo, A. S. S.

M. de Oliveira, T. Uesbeck, T. S. Gonçalves, C. J. Magon, P. S. Pizani, A. S. S. de Camargo, and H. Eckert, “Network Structure and Rare-Earth Ion Local Environments in Fluoride Phosphate Photonic Glasses Studied by Solid-State NMR and Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopies,” J. Phys. Chem. C 119(43), 24574–24587 (2015).
[Crossref]

De Mattia, C.

I. Veronese, C. De Mattia, M. Fasoli, N. Chiodini, M. C. Cantone, F. Moretti, C. Dujardin, and A. Vedda, “Role of Optical Fiber Drawing in Radioluminescence Hysteresis of Yb-Doped Silica,” J. Phys. Chem. C 119(27), 15572–15578 (2015).
[Crossref]

de Oliveira, M.

M. de Oliveira, T. Uesbeck, T. S. Gonçalves, C. J. Magon, P. S. Pizani, A. S. S. de Camargo, and H. Eckert, “Network Structure and Rare-Earth Ion Local Environments in Fluoride Phosphate Photonic Glasses Studied by Solid-State NMR and Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopies,” J. Phys. Chem. C 119(43), 24574–24587 (2015).
[Crossref]

Delevaque, E.

E. Delevaque, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Lamouler, and J.-F. Bayon, “Modeling of pair-induced quenching in erbium-doped silicate fibers,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L 5(1), 73–75 (1993).
[Crossref]

Deschamps, T.

T. Deschamps, N. Ollier, H. Vezin, and C. Gonnet, “Clusters dissolution of Yb3+ in codoped SiO2-Al2O3-P2O5 glass fiber and its relevance to photodarkening,” J. Chem. Phys. 136(1), 014503 (2012).
[Crossref]

Deshpande, R. R.

B. G. Aitken, R. E. Youngman, R. R. Deshpande, and H. Eckert, “Structure−Property Relations in Mixed-Network Glasses: Multinuclear Solid State NMR Investigations of the System xAl2O3: (30-x) P2O5: 70SiO2,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113(8), 3322–3331 (2009).
[Crossref]

DiGiovanni, D.

J. Wagener, P. Wysocki, M. Digonnet, H. Shaw, and D. DiGiovanni, “Effect of concentration on the efficiency of erbium-doped silica fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 1789, 80 (1993).
[Crossref]

Digonnet, M.

J. Wagener, P. Wysocki, M. Digonnet, H. Shaw, and D. DiGiovanni, “Effect of concentration on the efficiency of erbium-doped silica fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 1789, 80 (1993).
[Crossref]

Dong, Z.

Dujardin, C.

I. Veronese, C. De Mattia, M. Fasoli, N. Chiodini, M. C. Cantone, F. Moretti, C. Dujardin, and A. Vedda, “Role of Optical Fiber Drawing in Radioluminescence Hysteresis of Yb-Doped Silica,” J. Phys. Chem. C 119(27), 15572–15578 (2015).
[Crossref]

Durán-Sánchez, M.

J. Alaniz-Baylon, M. Durán-Sánchez, R. I. Álvarez-Tamayo, B. Posada-Ramírez, M. Bello-Jiménez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, A. A. Castillo-Guzman, and E. A. Kuzin, “Fiber laser with simultaneous multi-wavelength Er/Yb passively Q-switched and single-wavelength Tm gain-switched operations,” Photonics Res. 7(6), 608–614 (2019).
[Crossref]

Dutta, N. K.

Q. Wang, N. K. Dutta, and R. Ahrens, “Spectroscopic properties of Er doped silica glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(8), 4025–4028 (2004).
[Crossref]

Eckert, H.

M. de Oliveira, T. Uesbeck, T. S. Gonçalves, C. J. Magon, P. S. Pizani, A. S. S. de Camargo, and H. Eckert, “Network Structure and Rare-Earth Ion Local Environments in Fluoride Phosphate Photonic Glasses Studied by Solid-State NMR and Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopies,” J. Phys. Chem. C 119(43), 24574–24587 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. G. Aitken, R. E. Youngman, R. R. Deshpande, and H. Eckert, “Structure−Property Relations in Mixed-Network Glasses: Multinuclear Solid State NMR Investigations of the System xAl2O3: (30-x) P2O5: 70SiO2,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113(8), 3322–3331 (2009).
[Crossref]

Fasoli, M.

F. Cova, M. Fasoli, F. Moretti, N. Chiodini, K. Pauwels, E. Auffray, M. T. Lucchini, E. Bourret, I. Veronese, E. D. Ippolito, and A. Vedda, “Optical properties and radiation hardness of Pr-doped sol-gel silica: Influence of fiber drawing process,” J. Lumin. 192, 661–667 (2017).
[Crossref]

I. Veronese, C. De Mattia, M. Fasoli, N. Chiodini, M. C. Cantone, F. Moretti, C. Dujardin, and A. Vedda, “Role of Optical Fiber Drawing in Radioluminescence Hysteresis of Yb-Doped Silica,” J. Phys. Chem. C 119(27), 15572–15578 (2015).
[Crossref]

Fedorov, Y. K.

E. F. Artem’Ev, A. G. Murzin, and Y. K. Fedorov, “Some characteristics of population inversion of the 4I13/2 level of erbium ions in ytterbium-erbium glasses,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11(9), 1266–1268 (1981).
[Crossref]

Feng, S.

Feng, Y.

Galeener, F. L.

F. L. Galeener and A. E. Geissberger, “Raman studies of vitreous SiO2 versus fictive temperature,” Phys. Rev. B 28(6), 3266–3271 (1983).
[Crossref]

F. L. Galeener, “Planar rings in vitreous silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 49(1-3), 53–62 (1982).
[Crossref]

Gao, G.

F. Wang, C. Shao, C. Yu, S. Wang, L. Zhang, G. Gao, and L. Hu, “Effect of AlPO4 join concentration on optical properties and radiation hardening performance of Yb-doped Al2O3-P2O5-SiO2 glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 125(17), 173104 (2019).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, L. Hu, W. Xu, M. Wang, S. Feng, J. Ren, L. Zhang, D. Chen, N. Ollier, G. Gao, C. Yu, and S. Wang, “Manipulating refractive index, homogeneity and spectroscopy of Yb3+-doped silica-core glass towards high-power large mode area photonic crystal fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 25(21), 25960–25969 (2017).
[Crossref]

Geissberger, A. E.

F. L. Galeener and A. E. Geissberger, “Raman studies of vitreous SiO2 versus fictive temperature,” Phys. Rev. B 28(6), 3266–3271 (1983).
[Crossref]

Georges, T.

E. Delevaque, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Lamouler, and J.-F. Bayon, “Modeling of pair-induced quenching in erbium-doped silicate fibers,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L 5(1), 73–75 (1993).
[Crossref]

Gonçalves, T. S.

M. de Oliveira, T. Uesbeck, T. S. Gonçalves, C. J. Magon, P. S. Pizani, A. S. S. de Camargo, and H. Eckert, “Network Structure and Rare-Earth Ion Local Environments in Fluoride Phosphate Photonic Glasses Studied by Solid-State NMR and Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopies,” J. Phys. Chem. C 119(43), 24574–24587 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gonnet, C.

T. Deschamps, N. Ollier, H. Vezin, and C. Gonnet, “Clusters dissolution of Yb3+ in codoped SiO2-Al2O3-P2O5 glass fiber and its relevance to photodarkening,” J. Chem. Phys. 136(1), 014503 (2012).
[Crossref]

Guo, M.

C. Shao, F. Xie, F. Wang, M. Guo, R. Zhu, H. Zhang, M. Wang, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “UV absorption bands and its relevance to local structures of ytterbium ions in Yb3+/Al3+/P5+-doped silica glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 512, 53–59 (2019).
[Crossref]

Guo, Z.

Z. Guo, Q. Hao, J. Peng, and H. Zeng, “Environmentally stable Er-fiber mode-locked pulse generation and amplification by spectrally filtered and phase-biased nonlinear amplifying long-loop mirror,” High Power Laser Sci. Eng. 7, e41 (2019).
[Crossref]

Guoyu, H.

Guryanov, A. N.

N. V. Kiritchenko, L. V. Kotov, M. A. Melkumov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Yashkov, A. Y. Laptev, and A. N. Guryanov, “Effect of ytterbium co-doping on erbium clustering in silica-doped glass,” Laser Phys. 25(2), 025102 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, K. V. Zotov, D. S. Lipatov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Effect of the AlPO4 join on the pump-to-signal conversion efficiency in heavily Er-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 34(21), 3355 (2009).
[Crossref]

Guzik, M.

S. Wang, F. Lou, C. Yu, Q. Zhou, M. Wang, S. Feng, D. Chen, L. Hu, W. Chen, M. Guzik, and G. Boulon, “Influence of Al3+ and P5+ ion contents on the valence state of Yb3+ ions and the dispersion effect of Al3+ and P5+ ions on Yb3+ ions in silica glass,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2, 4406 (2014).

Handa, T.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[Crossref]

Hao, Q.

Z. Guo, Q. Hao, J. Peng, and H. Zeng, “Environmentally stable Er-fiber mode-locked pulse generation and amplification by spectrally filtered and phase-biased nonlinear amplifying long-loop mirror,” High Power Laser Sci. Eng. 7, e41 (2019).
[Crossref]

Haruna, T.

T. Haruna, J. Iihara, Y. Saito, K. Yamaguchi, M. Onishi, and S. Ishikawa, “Analysis of Coordination Structure around Erbium in Erbium-Doped Fiber,” SEI Tech. Review - Eng. Ed. 66, 129 (2008).

T. Haruna, J. Iihara, K. Yamaguchi, Y. Saito, S. Ishikawa, M. Onishi, and T. Murata, “Local structure analyses around Er3+ in Er-doped fibers with Al co-doping,” Opt. Express 14(23), 11036 (2006).
[Crossref]

He, Q.

Hirano, M.

A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of Codoping Effects on the Solubility Enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 Glass: Striking Difference between Al and P Codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(15), 7617–7620 (2006).
[Crossref]

Honda, T.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[Crossref]

Hosono, H.

A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of Codoping Effects on the Solubility Enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 Glass: Striking Difference between Al and P Codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(15), 7617–7620 (2006).
[Crossref]

Houde-Walter, S. N.

P. M. Peters and S. N. Houde-Walter, “Local structure of Er3+ in multicomponent glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239(1-3), 162–169 (1998).
[Crossref]

P. M. Peters and S. N. Houde-Walter, “X-ray absorption fine structure determination of the local environment of Er3+ in glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(5), 541–543 (1997).
[Crossref]

Hu, L.

C. Shao, Y. Jiao, F. Lou, M. Wang, L. Zhang, S. Feng, S. Wang, D. Chen, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Enhanced radiation resistance of ytterbium-doped silica fiber by pretreating on a fiber preform,” Opt. Mater. Express 10(2), 408 (2020).
[Crossref]

C. Shao, F. Xie, F. Wang, M. Guo, R. Zhu, H. Zhang, M. Wang, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “UV absorption bands and its relevance to local structures of ytterbium ions in Yb3+/Al3+/P5+-doped silica glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 512, 53–59 (2019).
[Crossref]

Q. He, F. Wang, Z. Lin, C. Shao, M. Wang, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Temperature dependence of spectral and laser properties of Er3+/Al3+ co-doped aluminosilicate fiber,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 17(10), 101401 (2019).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, C. Shao, C. Yu, S. Wang, L. Zhang, G. Gao, and L. Hu, “Effect of AlPO4 join concentration on optical properties and radiation hardening performance of Yb-doped Al2O3-P2O5-SiO2 glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 125(17), 173104 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Shao, J. Ren, F. Wang, N. Ollier, F. Xie, X. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Origin of Radiation-Induced Darkening in Yb3+/Al3+/P5+-Doped Silica Glasses: Effect of the P/Al Ratio,” J. Phys. Chem. B 122(10), 2809–2820 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, L. Hu, W. Xu, M. Wang, S. Feng, J. Ren, L. Zhang, D. Chen, N. Ollier, G. Gao, C. Yu, and S. Wang, “Manipulating refractive index, homogeneity and spectroscopy of Yb3+-doped silica-core glass towards high-power large mode area photonic crystal fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 25(21), 25960–25969 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Xu, J. Ren, C. Shao, X. Wang, M. Wang, L. Zhang, D. Chen, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Effect of P5+ on spectroscopy and structure of Yb3+/Al3+/P5+ co-doped silica glass,” J LUMIN 167, 8–15 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, F. Lou, C. Yu, Q. Zhou, M. Wang, S. Feng, D. Chen, L. Hu, W. Chen, M. Guzik, and G. Boulon, “Influence of Al3+ and P5+ ion contents on the valence state of Yb3+ ions and the dispersion effect of Al3+ and P5+ ions on Yb3+ ions in silica glass,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2, 4406 (2014).

Hua, L.

Ibarra-Escamilla, B.

J. Alaniz-Baylon, M. Durán-Sánchez, R. I. Álvarez-Tamayo, B. Posada-Ramírez, M. Bello-Jiménez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, A. A. Castillo-Guzman, and E. A. Kuzin, “Fiber laser with simultaneous multi-wavelength Er/Yb passively Q-switched and single-wavelength Tm gain-switched operations,” Photonics Res. 7(6), 608–614 (2019).
[Crossref]

Iihara, J.

T. Haruna, J. Iihara, Y. Saito, K. Yamaguchi, M. Onishi, and S. Ishikawa, “Analysis of Coordination Structure around Erbium in Erbium-Doped Fiber,” SEI Tech. Review - Eng. Ed. 66, 129 (2008).

T. Haruna, J. Iihara, K. Yamaguchi, Y. Saito, S. Ishikawa, M. Onishi, and T. Murata, “Local structure analyses around Er3+ in Er-doped fibers with Al co-doping,” Opt. Express 14(23), 11036 (2006).
[Crossref]

Ikushima, A. J.

V. Petit, T. Okazaki, E. H. Sekiya, R. Bacus, K. Saito, and A. J. Ikushima, “Characterization of Yb3+ clusters in silica glass preforms,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 300–305 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ippolito, E. D.

F. Cova, M. Fasoli, F. Moretti, N. Chiodini, K. Pauwels, E. Auffray, M. T. Lucchini, E. Bourret, I. Veronese, E. D. Ippolito, and A. Vedda, “Optical properties and radiation hardness of Pr-doped sol-gel silica: Influence of fiber drawing process,” J. Lumin. 192, 661–667 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ishii, Y.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[Crossref]

Ishikawa, S.

T. Haruna, J. Iihara, Y. Saito, K. Yamaguchi, M. Onishi, and S. Ishikawa, “Analysis of Coordination Structure around Erbium in Erbium-Doped Fiber,” SEI Tech. Review - Eng. Ed. 66, 129 (2008).

T. Haruna, J. Iihara, K. Yamaguchi, Y. Saito, S. Ishikawa, M. Onishi, and T. Murata, “Local structure analyses around Er3+ in Er-doped fibers with Al co-doping,” Opt. Express 14(23), 11036 (2006).
[Crossref]

Jetschke, S.

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and J. Kirchhof, “Efficient Yb laser fibers with low photodarkening by optimization of the core composition,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15540–15545 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Optical properties of Yb-doped laser fibers in dependence on codopants and preparation conditions,” (SPIE, 2008), pp. 689016–6890111.

Jiao, Y.

Kirchhof, J.

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and J. Kirchhof, “Efficient Yb laser fibers with low photodarkening by optimization of the core composition,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15540–15545 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Optical properties of Yb-doped laser fibers in dependence on codopants and preparation conditions,” (SPIE, 2008), pp. 689016–6890111.

Kiritchenko, N. V.

N. V. Kiritchenko, L. V. Kotov, M. A. Melkumov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Yashkov, A. Y. Laptev, and A. N. Guryanov, “Effect of ytterbium co-doping on erbium clustering in silica-doped glass,” Laser Phys. 25(2), 025102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Kotov, L. V.

N. V. Kiritchenko, L. V. Kotov, M. A. Melkumov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Yashkov, A. Y. Laptev, and A. N. Guryanov, “Effect of ytterbium co-doping on erbium clustering in silica-doped glass,” Laser Phys. 25(2), 025102 (2015).
[Crossref]

L. V. Kotov and M. E. Likhachev, “High Power Continuous-Wave Er-doped Fiber Lasers,” in Optics, Photonics and Laser Technology 2017, P. Ribeiro, D. L. Andrews, and M. Raposo, eds. (Springer International Publishing, 2019), pp. 165–192.

Kumata, K.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[Crossref]

Kuzin, E. A.

J. Alaniz-Baylon, M. Durán-Sánchez, R. I. Álvarez-Tamayo, B. Posada-Ramírez, M. Bello-Jiménez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, A. A. Castillo-Guzman, and E. A. Kuzin, “Fiber laser with simultaneous multi-wavelength Er/Yb passively Q-switched and single-wavelength Tm gain-switched operations,” Photonics Res. 7(6), 608–614 (2019).
[Crossref]

Lamouler, P.

E. Delevaque, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Lamouler, and J.-F. Bayon, “Modeling of pair-induced quenching in erbium-doped silicate fibers,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L 5(1), 73–75 (1993).
[Crossref]

Laptev, A. Y.

N. V. Kiritchenko, L. V. Kotov, M. A. Melkumov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Yashkov, A. Y. Laptev, and A. N. Guryanov, “Effect of ytterbium co-doping on erbium clustering in silica-doped glass,” Laser Phys. 25(2), 025102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Leich, M.

Likhachev, M. E.

N. V. Kiritchenko, L. V. Kotov, M. A. Melkumov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Yashkov, A. Y. Laptev, and A. N. Guryanov, “Effect of ytterbium co-doping on erbium clustering in silica-doped glass,” Laser Phys. 25(2), 025102 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, K. V. Zotov, D. S. Lipatov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Effect of the AlPO4 join on the pump-to-signal conversion efficiency in heavily Er-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 34(21), 3355 (2009).
[Crossref]

L. V. Kotov and M. E. Likhachev, “High Power Continuous-Wave Er-doped Fiber Lasers,” in Optics, Photonics and Laser Technology 2017, P. Ribeiro, D. L. Andrews, and M. Raposo, eds. (Springer International Publishing, 2019), pp. 165–192.

Lin, H.

Lin, Z.

Lipatov, D. S.

Lou, F.

C. Shao, Y. Jiao, F. Lou, M. Wang, L. Zhang, S. Feng, S. Wang, D. Chen, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Enhanced radiation resistance of ytterbium-doped silica fiber by pretreating on a fiber preform,” Opt. Mater. Express 10(2), 408 (2020).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, F. Lou, C. Yu, Q. Zhou, M. Wang, S. Feng, D. Chen, L. Hu, W. Chen, M. Guzik, and G. Boulon, “Influence of Al3+ and P5+ ion contents on the valence state of Yb3+ ions and the dispersion effect of Al3+ and P5+ ions on Yb3+ ions in silica glass,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2, 4406 (2014).

Lucchini, M. T.

F. Cova, M. Fasoli, F. Moretti, N. Chiodini, K. Pauwels, E. Auffray, M. T. Lucchini, E. Bourret, I. Veronese, E. D. Ippolito, and A. Vedda, “Optical properties and radiation hardness of Pr-doped sol-gel silica: Influence of fiber drawing process,” J. Lumin. 192, 661–667 (2017).
[Crossref]

Magon, C. J.

M. de Oliveira, T. Uesbeck, T. S. Gonçalves, C. J. Magon, P. S. Pizani, A. S. S. de Camargo, and H. Eckert, “Network Structure and Rare-Earth Ion Local Environments in Fluoride Phosphate Photonic Glasses Studied by Solid-State NMR and Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopies,” J. Phys. Chem. C 119(43), 24574–24587 (2015).
[Crossref]

Matsuishi, S.

A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of Codoping Effects on the Solubility Enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 Glass: Striking Difference between Al and P Codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(15), 7617–7620 (2006).
[Crossref]

McCumber, D. E.

D. E. McCumber, “Theory of phonon-terminated optical masers,” Phys. review 134(2A), A299–A306 (1964).
[Crossref]

McGahay, V.

V. McGahay and M. Tomozawa, “Phase separation in rare-earth-doped SiO2 glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 159(3), 246–252 (1993).
[Crossref]

Melkumov, M. A.

N. V. Kiritchenko, L. V. Kotov, M. A. Melkumov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Yashkov, A. Y. Laptev, and A. N. Guryanov, “Effect of ytterbium co-doping on erbium clustering in silica-doped glass,” Laser Phys. 25(2), 025102 (2015).
[Crossref]

Miniscalco, W. J.

W. J. Miniscalco, “Optical and electronic properties of rare earth ions in glasses,” Opt. Eng. 71, 17–112 (2001).
[Crossref]

R. S. Quimby, W. J. Miniscalco, and B. Thompson, “Clustering in erbium-doped silica glass fibers analyzed using 980 nm excited state absorption,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(8), 4472–4478 (1994).
[Crossref]

W. J. Miniscalco, “Erbium-doped glasses for fiber amplifiers at 1500 nm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(2), 234–250 (1991).
[Crossref]

R. S. Quimby, W. J. Miniscalco, and B. A. Thompson, “Quantitative characterization of clustering in erbium-doped silica glass fibers,” in Fiber Laser Sources and Amplifiers V (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 1994), pp. 2–12.

Monerie, M.

E. Delevaque, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Lamouler, and J.-F. Bayon, “Modeling of pair-induced quenching in erbium-doped silicate fibers,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L 5(1), 73–75 (1993).
[Crossref]

Moretti, F.

F. Cova, M. Fasoli, F. Moretti, N. Chiodini, K. Pauwels, E. Auffray, M. T. Lucchini, E. Bourret, I. Veronese, E. D. Ippolito, and A. Vedda, “Optical properties and radiation hardness of Pr-doped sol-gel silica: Influence of fiber drawing process,” J. Lumin. 192, 661–667 (2017).
[Crossref]

I. Veronese, C. De Mattia, M. Fasoli, N. Chiodini, M. C. Cantone, F. Moretti, C. Dujardin, and A. Vedda, “Role of Optical Fiber Drawing in Radioluminescence Hysteresis of Yb-Doped Silica,” J. Phys. Chem. C 119(27), 15572–15578 (2015).
[Crossref]

Murata, T.

Murzin, A. G.

E. F. Artem’Ev, A. G. Murzin, and Y. K. Fedorov, “Some characteristics of population inversion of the 4I13/2 level of erbium ions in ytterbium-erbium glasses,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11(9), 1266–1268 (1981).
[Crossref]

Namikawa, H.

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[Crossref]

Nilsson, J.

Nishii, J.

A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of Codoping Effects on the Solubility Enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 Glass: Striking Difference between Al and P Codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(15), 7617–7620 (2006).
[Crossref]

Okazaki, T.

T. Okazaki, E. H. Sekiya, and K. Saito, “P/Al atomic ratio dependence of local structure around Yb3+ ions and optical properties of Yb-Al-P-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 58(12), 122005 (2019).
[Crossref]

V. Petit, T. Okazaki, E. H. Sekiya, R. Bacus, K. Saito, and A. J. Ikushima, “Characterization of Yb3+ clusters in silica glass preforms,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 300–305 (2008).
[Crossref]

Ollier, N.

C. Shao, J. Ren, F. Wang, N. Ollier, F. Xie, X. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Origin of Radiation-Induced Darkening in Yb3+/Al3+/P5+-Doped Silica Glasses: Effect of the P/Al Ratio,” J. Phys. Chem. B 122(10), 2809–2820 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, L. Hu, W. Xu, M. Wang, S. Feng, J. Ren, L. Zhang, D. Chen, N. Ollier, G. Gao, C. Yu, and S. Wang, “Manipulating refractive index, homogeneity and spectroscopy of Yb3+-doped silica-core glass towards high-power large mode area photonic crystal fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 25(21), 25960–25969 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. Deschamps, N. Ollier, H. Vezin, and C. Gonnet, “Clusters dissolution of Yb3+ in codoped SiO2-Al2O3-P2O5 glass fiber and its relevance to photodarkening,” J. Chem. Phys. 136(1), 014503 (2012).
[Crossref]

Onishi, M.

T. Haruna, J. Iihara, Y. Saito, K. Yamaguchi, M. Onishi, and S. Ishikawa, “Analysis of Coordination Structure around Erbium in Erbium-Doped Fiber,” SEI Tech. Review - Eng. Ed. 66, 129 (2008).

T. Haruna, J. Iihara, K. Yamaguchi, Y. Saito, S. Ishikawa, M. Onishi, and T. Murata, “Local structure analyses around Er3+ in Er-doped fibers with Al co-doping,” Opt. Express 14(23), 11036 (2006).
[Crossref]

Oto, M.

A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of Codoping Effects on the Solubility Enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 Glass: Striking Difference between Al and P Codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(15), 7617–7620 (2006).
[Crossref]

Pauwels, K.

F. Cova, M. Fasoli, F. Moretti, N. Chiodini, K. Pauwels, E. Auffray, M. T. Lucchini, E. Bourret, I. Veronese, E. D. Ippolito, and A. Vedda, “Optical properties and radiation hardness of Pr-doped sol-gel silica: Influence of fiber drawing process,” J. Lumin. 192, 661–667 (2017).
[Crossref]

Peng, J.

Z. Guo, Q. Hao, J. Peng, and H. Zeng, “Environmentally stable Er-fiber mode-locked pulse generation and amplification by spectrally filtered and phase-biased nonlinear amplifying long-loop mirror,” High Power Laser Sci. Eng. 7, e41 (2019).
[Crossref]

Peters, P. M.

P. M. Peters and S. N. Houde-Walter, “Local structure of Er3+ in multicomponent glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239(1-3), 162–169 (1998).
[Crossref]

P. M. Peters and S. N. Houde-Walter, “X-ray absorption fine structure determination of the local environment of Er3+ in glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(5), 541–543 (1997).
[Crossref]

Petit, V.

V. Petit, T. Okazaki, E. H. Sekiya, R. Bacus, K. Saito, and A. J. Ikushima, “Characterization of Yb3+ clusters in silica glass preforms,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 300–305 (2008).
[Crossref]

Pizani, P. S.

M. de Oliveira, T. Uesbeck, T. S. Gonçalves, C. J. Magon, P. S. Pizani, A. S. S. de Camargo, and H. Eckert, “Network Structure and Rare-Earth Ion Local Environments in Fluoride Phosphate Photonic Glasses Studied by Solid-State NMR and Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopies,” J. Phys. Chem. C 119(43), 24574–24587 (2015).
[Crossref]

Posada-Ramírez, B.

J. Alaniz-Baylon, M. Durán-Sánchez, R. I. Álvarez-Tamayo, B. Posada-Ramírez, M. Bello-Jiménez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, A. A. Castillo-Guzman, and E. A. Kuzin, “Fiber laser with simultaneous multi-wavelength Er/Yb passively Q-switched and single-wavelength Tm gain-switched operations,” Photonics Res. 7(6), 608–614 (2019).
[Crossref]

Quimby, R. S.

R. S. Quimby, W. J. Miniscalco, and B. Thompson, “Clustering in erbium-doped silica glass fibers analyzed using 980 nm excited state absorption,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(8), 4472–4478 (1994).
[Crossref]

R. S. Quimby, W. J. Miniscalco, and B. A. Thompson, “Quantitative characterization of clustering in erbium-doped silica glass fibers,” in Fiber Laser Sources and Amplifiers V (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 1994), pp. 2–12.

Reichel, V.

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Optical properties of Yb-doped laser fibers in dependence on codopants and preparation conditions,” (SPIE, 2008), pp. 689016–6890111.

Ren, J.

C. Shao, J. Ren, F. Wang, N. Ollier, F. Xie, X. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Origin of Radiation-Induced Darkening in Yb3+/Al3+/P5+-Doped Silica Glasses: Effect of the P/Al Ratio,” J. Phys. Chem. B 122(10), 2809–2820 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, L. Hu, W. Xu, M. Wang, S. Feng, J. Ren, L. Zhang, D. Chen, N. Ollier, G. Gao, C. Yu, and S. Wang, “Manipulating refractive index, homogeneity and spectroscopy of Yb3+-doped silica-core glass towards high-power large mode area photonic crystal fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 25(21), 25960–25969 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Xu, J. Ren, C. Shao, X. Wang, M. Wang, L. Zhang, D. Chen, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Effect of P5+ on spectroscopy and structure of Yb3+/Al3+/P5+ co-doped silica glass,” J LUMIN 167, 8–15 (2015).
[Crossref]

Sahu, J. K.

Saito, K.

T. Okazaki, E. H. Sekiya, and K. Saito, “P/Al atomic ratio dependence of local structure around Yb3+ ions and optical properties of Yb-Al-P-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 58(12), 122005 (2019).
[Crossref]

V. Petit, T. Okazaki, E. H. Sekiya, R. Bacus, K. Saito, and A. J. Ikushima, “Characterization of Yb3+ clusters in silica glass preforms,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 300–305 (2008).
[Crossref]

Saito, Y.

T. Haruna, J. Iihara, Y. Saito, K. Yamaguchi, M. Onishi, and S. Ishikawa, “Analysis of Coordination Structure around Erbium in Erbium-Doped Fiber,” SEI Tech. Review - Eng. Ed. 66, 129 (2008).

T. Haruna, J. Iihara, K. Yamaguchi, Y. Saito, S. Ishikawa, M. Onishi, and T. Murata, “Local structure analyses around Er3+ in Er-doped fibers with Al co-doping,” Opt. Express 14(23), 11036 (2006).
[Crossref]

Saitoh, A.

A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of Codoping Effects on the Solubility Enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 Glass: Striking Difference between Al and P Codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(15), 7617–7620 (2006).
[Crossref]

Scheffel, A.

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Optical properties of Yb-doped laser fibers in dependence on codopants and preparation conditions,” (SPIE, 2008), pp. 689016–6890111.

Schwuchow, A.

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and J. Kirchhof, “Efficient Yb laser fibers with low photodarkening by optimization of the core composition,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15540–15545 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Optical properties of Yb-doped laser fibers in dependence on codopants and preparation conditions,” (SPIE, 2008), pp. 689016–6890111.

Sekiya, E. H.

T. Okazaki, E. H. Sekiya, and K. Saito, “P/Al atomic ratio dependence of local structure around Yb3+ ions and optical properties of Yb-Al-P-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 58(12), 122005 (2019).
[Crossref]

V. Petit, T. Okazaki, E. H. Sekiya, R. Bacus, K. Saito, and A. J. Ikushima, “Characterization of Yb3+ clusters in silica glass preforms,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 300–305 (2008).
[Crossref]

Se-Weon, C.

A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of Codoping Effects on the Solubility Enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 Glass: Striking Difference between Al and P Codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(15), 7617–7620 (2006).
[Crossref]

Shao, C.

C. Shao, Y. Jiao, F. Lou, M. Wang, L. Zhang, S. Feng, S. Wang, D. Chen, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Enhanced radiation resistance of ytterbium-doped silica fiber by pretreating on a fiber preform,” Opt. Mater. Express 10(2), 408 (2020).
[Crossref]

C. Shao, F. Xie, F. Wang, M. Guo, R. Zhu, H. Zhang, M. Wang, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “UV absorption bands and its relevance to local structures of ytterbium ions in Yb3+/Al3+/P5+-doped silica glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 512, 53–59 (2019).
[Crossref]

Q. He, F. Wang, Z. Lin, C. Shao, M. Wang, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Temperature dependence of spectral and laser properties of Er3+/Al3+ co-doped aluminosilicate fiber,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 17(10), 101401 (2019).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, C. Shao, C. Yu, S. Wang, L. Zhang, G. Gao, and L. Hu, “Effect of AlPO4 join concentration on optical properties and radiation hardening performance of Yb-doped Al2O3-P2O5-SiO2 glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 125(17), 173104 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Shao, J. Ren, F. Wang, N. Ollier, F. Xie, X. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Origin of Radiation-Induced Darkening in Yb3+/Al3+/P5+-Doped Silica Glasses: Effect of the P/Al Ratio,” J. Phys. Chem. B 122(10), 2809–2820 (2018).
[Crossref]

W. Xu, J. Ren, C. Shao, X. Wang, M. Wang, L. Zhang, D. Chen, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Effect of P5+ on spectroscopy and structure of Yb3+/Al3+/P5+ co-doped silica glass,” J LUMIN 167, 8–15 (2015).
[Crossref]

Shaw, H.

J. Wagener, P. Wysocki, M. Digonnet, H. Shaw, and D. DiGiovanni, “Effect of concentration on the efficiency of erbium-doped silica fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 1789, 80 (1993).
[Crossref]

Song, Y.

Thompson, B.

R. S. Quimby, W. J. Miniscalco, and B. Thompson, “Clustering in erbium-doped silica glass fibers analyzed using 980 nm excited state absorption,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(8), 4472–4478 (1994).
[Crossref]

Thompson, B. A.

R. S. Quimby, W. J. Miniscalco, and B. A. Thompson, “Quantitative characterization of clustering in erbium-doped silica glass fibers,” in Fiber Laser Sources and Amplifiers V (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 1994), pp. 2–12.

Tian, J.

Tomozawa, M.

V. McGahay and M. Tomozawa, “Phase separation in rare-earth-doped SiO2 glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 159(3), 246–252 (1993).
[Crossref]

Townsend, J. E.

J. E. Townsend, W. L. Barnes, and S. G. Crubb, “Yb3+ sensitised Er3+ doped silica optical fibre with ultra high transfer efficiency and gain,” MRS Proc. 244, 143 (1991).
[Crossref]

Uesbeck, T.

M. de Oliveira, T. Uesbeck, T. S. Gonçalves, C. J. Magon, P. S. Pizani, A. S. S. de Camargo, and H. Eckert, “Network Structure and Rare-Earth Ion Local Environments in Fluoride Phosphate Photonic Glasses Studied by Solid-State NMR and Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopies,” J. Phys. Chem. C 119(43), 24574–24587 (2015).
[Crossref]

Unger, S.

S. Jetschke, S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, M. Leich, and J. Kirchhof, “Efficient Yb laser fibers with low photodarkening by optimization of the core composition,” Opt. Express 16(20), 15540–15545 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Optical properties of Yb-doped laser fibers in dependence on codopants and preparation conditions,” (SPIE, 2008), pp. 689016–6890111.

Vedda, A.

F. Cova, M. Fasoli, F. Moretti, N. Chiodini, K. Pauwels, E. Auffray, M. T. Lucchini, E. Bourret, I. Veronese, E. D. Ippolito, and A. Vedda, “Optical properties and radiation hardness of Pr-doped sol-gel silica: Influence of fiber drawing process,” J. Lumin. 192, 661–667 (2017).
[Crossref]

I. Veronese, C. De Mattia, M. Fasoli, N. Chiodini, M. C. Cantone, F. Moretti, C. Dujardin, and A. Vedda, “Role of Optical Fiber Drawing in Radioluminescence Hysteresis of Yb-Doped Silica,” J. Phys. Chem. C 119(27), 15572–15578 (2015).
[Crossref]

Veronese, I.

F. Cova, M. Fasoli, F. Moretti, N. Chiodini, K. Pauwels, E. Auffray, M. T. Lucchini, E. Bourret, I. Veronese, E. D. Ippolito, and A. Vedda, “Optical properties and radiation hardness of Pr-doped sol-gel silica: Influence of fiber drawing process,” J. Lumin. 192, 661–667 (2017).
[Crossref]

I. Veronese, C. De Mattia, M. Fasoli, N. Chiodini, M. C. Cantone, F. Moretti, C. Dujardin, and A. Vedda, “Role of Optical Fiber Drawing in Radioluminescence Hysteresis of Yb-Doped Silica,” J. Phys. Chem. C 119(27), 15572–15578 (2015).
[Crossref]

Vezin, H.

T. Deschamps, N. Ollier, H. Vezin, and C. Gonnet, “Clusters dissolution of Yb3+ in codoped SiO2-Al2O3-P2O5 glass fiber and its relevance to photodarkening,” J. Chem. Phys. 136(1), 014503 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wagener, J.

J. Wagener, P. Wysocki, M. Digonnet, H. Shaw, and D. DiGiovanni, “Effect of concentration on the efficiency of erbium-doped silica fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 1789, 80 (1993).
[Crossref]

Wang, F.

Q. He, F. Wang, Z. Lin, C. Shao, M. Wang, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Temperature dependence of spectral and laser properties of Er3+/Al3+ co-doped aluminosilicate fiber,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 17(10), 101401 (2019).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, C. Shao, C. Yu, S. Wang, L. Zhang, G. Gao, and L. Hu, “Effect of AlPO4 join concentration on optical properties and radiation hardening performance of Yb-doped Al2O3-P2O5-SiO2 glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 125(17), 173104 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Shao, F. Xie, F. Wang, M. Guo, R. Zhu, H. Zhang, M. Wang, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “UV absorption bands and its relevance to local structures of ytterbium ions in Yb3+/Al3+/P5+-doped silica glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 512, 53–59 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Shao, J. Ren, F. Wang, N. Ollier, F. Xie, X. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Origin of Radiation-Induced Darkening in Yb3+/Al3+/P5+-Doped Silica Glasses: Effect of the P/Al Ratio,” J. Phys. Chem. B 122(10), 2809–2820 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, L. Hu, W. Xu, M. Wang, S. Feng, J. Ren, L. Zhang, D. Chen, N. Ollier, G. Gao, C. Yu, and S. Wang, “Manipulating refractive index, homogeneity and spectroscopy of Yb3+-doped silica-core glass towards high-power large mode area photonic crystal fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 25(21), 25960–25969 (2017).
[Crossref]

Wang, M.

C. Shao, Y. Jiao, F. Lou, M. Wang, L. Zhang, S. Feng, S. Wang, D. Chen, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Enhanced radiation resistance of ytterbium-doped silica fiber by pretreating on a fiber preform,” Opt. Mater. Express 10(2), 408 (2020).
[Crossref]

C. Shao, F. Xie, F. Wang, M. Guo, R. Zhu, H. Zhang, M. Wang, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “UV absorption bands and its relevance to local structures of ytterbium ions in Yb3+/Al3+/P5+-doped silica glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 512, 53–59 (2019).
[Crossref]

Q. He, F. Wang, Z. Lin, C. Shao, M. Wang, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Temperature dependence of spectral and laser properties of Er3+/Al3+ co-doped aluminosilicate fiber,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 17(10), 101401 (2019).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, L. Hu, W. Xu, M. Wang, S. Feng, J. Ren, L. Zhang, D. Chen, N. Ollier, G. Gao, C. Yu, and S. Wang, “Manipulating refractive index, homogeneity and spectroscopy of Yb3+-doped silica-core glass towards high-power large mode area photonic crystal fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 25(21), 25960–25969 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Xu, J. Ren, C. Shao, X. Wang, M. Wang, L. Zhang, D. Chen, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Effect of P5+ on spectroscopy and structure of Yb3+/Al3+/P5+ co-doped silica glass,” J LUMIN 167, 8–15 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, F. Lou, C. Yu, Q. Zhou, M. Wang, S. Feng, D. Chen, L. Hu, W. Chen, M. Guzik, and G. Boulon, “Influence of Al3+ and P5+ ion contents on the valence state of Yb3+ ions and the dispersion effect of Al3+ and P5+ ions on Yb3+ ions in silica glass,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2, 4406 (2014).

Wang, Q.

Q. Wang, N. K. Dutta, and R. Ahrens, “Spectroscopic properties of Er doped silica glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(8), 4025–4028 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wang, S.

C. Shao, Y. Jiao, F. Lou, M. Wang, L. Zhang, S. Feng, S. Wang, D. Chen, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Enhanced radiation resistance of ytterbium-doped silica fiber by pretreating on a fiber preform,” Opt. Mater. Express 10(2), 408 (2020).
[Crossref]

C. Shao, F. Xie, F. Wang, M. Guo, R. Zhu, H. Zhang, M. Wang, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “UV absorption bands and its relevance to local structures of ytterbium ions in Yb3+/Al3+/P5+-doped silica glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 512, 53–59 (2019).
[Crossref]

Q. He, F. Wang, Z. Lin, C. Shao, M. Wang, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Temperature dependence of spectral and laser properties of Er3+/Al3+ co-doped aluminosilicate fiber,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 17(10), 101401 (2019).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, C. Shao, C. Yu, S. Wang, L. Zhang, G. Gao, and L. Hu, “Effect of AlPO4 join concentration on optical properties and radiation hardening performance of Yb-doped Al2O3-P2O5-SiO2 glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 125(17), 173104 (2019).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, L. Hu, W. Xu, M. Wang, S. Feng, J. Ren, L. Zhang, D. Chen, N. Ollier, G. Gao, C. Yu, and S. Wang, “Manipulating refractive index, homogeneity and spectroscopy of Yb3+-doped silica-core glass towards high-power large mode area photonic crystal fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 25(21), 25960–25969 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Xu, J. Ren, C. Shao, X. Wang, M. Wang, L. Zhang, D. Chen, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Effect of P5+ on spectroscopy and structure of Yb3+/Al3+/P5+ co-doped silica glass,” J LUMIN 167, 8–15 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, F. Lou, C. Yu, Q. Zhou, M. Wang, S. Feng, D. Chen, L. Hu, W. Chen, M. Guzik, and G. Boulon, “Influence of Al3+ and P5+ ion contents on the valence state of Yb3+ ions and the dispersion effect of Al3+ and P5+ ions on Yb3+ ions in silica glass,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2, 4406 (2014).

Wang, X.

W. Xu, J. Ren, C. Shao, X. Wang, M. Wang, L. Zhang, D. Chen, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Effect of P5+ on spectroscopy and structure of Yb3+/Al3+/P5+ co-doped silica glass,” J LUMIN 167, 8–15 (2015).
[Crossref]

Wysocki, P.

J. Wagener, P. Wysocki, M. Digonnet, H. Shaw, and D. DiGiovanni, “Effect of concentration on the efficiency of erbium-doped silica fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 1789, 80 (1993).
[Crossref]

Xie, F.

C. Shao, F. Xie, F. Wang, M. Guo, R. Zhu, H. Zhang, M. Wang, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “UV absorption bands and its relevance to local structures of ytterbium ions in Yb3+/Al3+/P5+-doped silica glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 512, 53–59 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Shao, J. Ren, F. Wang, N. Ollier, F. Xie, X. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Origin of Radiation-Induced Darkening in Yb3+/Al3+/P5+-Doped Silica Glasses: Effect of the P/Al Ratio,” J. Phys. Chem. B 122(10), 2809–2820 (2018).
[Crossref]

Xu, R.

Xu, W.

Yamaguchi, K.

T. Haruna, J. Iihara, Y. Saito, K. Yamaguchi, M. Onishi, and S. Ishikawa, “Analysis of Coordination Structure around Erbium in Erbium-Doped Fiber,” SEI Tech. Review - Eng. Ed. 66, 129 (2008).

T. Haruna, J. Iihara, K. Yamaguchi, Y. Saito, S. Ishikawa, M. Onishi, and T. Murata, “Local structure analyses around Er3+ in Er-doped fibers with Al co-doping,” Opt. Express 14(23), 11036 (2006).
[Crossref]

Yashkov, M. V.

N. V. Kiritchenko, L. V. Kotov, M. A. Melkumov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Yashkov, A. Y. Laptev, and A. N. Guryanov, “Effect of ytterbium co-doping on erbium clustering in silica-doped glass,” Laser Phys. 25(2), 025102 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, K. V. Zotov, D. S. Lipatov, M. V. Yashkov, and A. N. Guryanov, “Effect of the AlPO4 join on the pump-to-signal conversion efficiency in heavily Er-doped fibers,” Opt. Lett. 34(21), 3355 (2009).
[Crossref]

Youngman, R. E.

B. G. Aitken, R. E. Youngman, R. R. Deshpande, and H. Eckert, “Structure−Property Relations in Mixed-Network Glasses: Multinuclear Solid State NMR Investigations of the System xAl2O3: (30-x) P2O5: 70SiO2,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113(8), 3322–3331 (2009).
[Crossref]

Yu, C.

C. Shao, Y. Jiao, F. Lou, M. Wang, L. Zhang, S. Feng, S. Wang, D. Chen, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Enhanced radiation resistance of ytterbium-doped silica fiber by pretreating on a fiber preform,” Opt. Mater. Express 10(2), 408 (2020).
[Crossref]

C. Shao, F. Xie, F. Wang, M. Guo, R. Zhu, H. Zhang, M. Wang, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “UV absorption bands and its relevance to local structures of ytterbium ions in Yb3+/Al3+/P5+-doped silica glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 512, 53–59 (2019).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, C. Shao, C. Yu, S. Wang, L. Zhang, G. Gao, and L. Hu, “Effect of AlPO4 join concentration on optical properties and radiation hardening performance of Yb-doped Al2O3-P2O5-SiO2 glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 125(17), 173104 (2019).
[Crossref]

Q. He, F. Wang, Z. Lin, C. Shao, M. Wang, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Temperature dependence of spectral and laser properties of Er3+/Al3+ co-doped aluminosilicate fiber,” Chin. Opt. Lett. 17(10), 101401 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Shao, J. Ren, F. Wang, N. Ollier, F. Xie, X. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Origin of Radiation-Induced Darkening in Yb3+/Al3+/P5+-Doped Silica Glasses: Effect of the P/Al Ratio,” J. Phys. Chem. B 122(10), 2809–2820 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, L. Hu, W. Xu, M. Wang, S. Feng, J. Ren, L. Zhang, D. Chen, N. Ollier, G. Gao, C. Yu, and S. Wang, “Manipulating refractive index, homogeneity and spectroscopy of Yb3+-doped silica-core glass towards high-power large mode area photonic crystal fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 25(21), 25960–25969 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Xu, J. Ren, C. Shao, X. Wang, M. Wang, L. Zhang, D. Chen, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Effect of P5+ on spectroscopy and structure of Yb3+/Al3+/P5+ co-doped silica glass,” J LUMIN 167, 8–15 (2015).
[Crossref]

S. Wang, F. Lou, C. Yu, Q. Zhou, M. Wang, S. Feng, D. Chen, L. Hu, W. Chen, M. Guzik, and G. Boulon, “Influence of Al3+ and P5+ ion contents on the valence state of Yb3+ ions and the dispersion effect of Al3+ and P5+ ions on Yb3+ ions in silica glass,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2, 4406 (2014).

Zeng, H.

Z. Guo, Q. Hao, J. Peng, and H. Zeng, “Environmentally stable Er-fiber mode-locked pulse generation and amplification by spectrally filtered and phase-biased nonlinear amplifying long-loop mirror,” High Power Laser Sci. Eng. 7, e41 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zervas, M. N.

M. N. Zervas and C. A. Codemard, “High power fiber lasers: a review,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 219–241 (2014).
[Crossref]

Zhang, H.

C. Shao, F. Xie, F. Wang, M. Guo, R. Zhu, H. Zhang, M. Wang, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “UV absorption bands and its relevance to local structures of ytterbium ions in Yb3+/Al3+/P5+-doped silica glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 512, 53–59 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zhang, L.

C. Shao, Y. Jiao, F. Lou, M. Wang, L. Zhang, S. Feng, S. Wang, D. Chen, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Enhanced radiation resistance of ytterbium-doped silica fiber by pretreating on a fiber preform,” Opt. Mater. Express 10(2), 408 (2020).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, C. Shao, C. Yu, S. Wang, L. Zhang, G. Gao, and L. Hu, “Effect of AlPO4 join concentration on optical properties and radiation hardening performance of Yb-doped Al2O3-P2O5-SiO2 glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 125(17), 173104 (2019).
[Crossref]

C. Shao, J. Ren, F. Wang, N. Ollier, F. Xie, X. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Origin of Radiation-Induced Darkening in Yb3+/Al3+/P5+-Doped Silica Glasses: Effect of the P/Al Ratio,” J. Phys. Chem. B 122(10), 2809–2820 (2018).
[Crossref]

F. Wang, L. Hu, W. Xu, M. Wang, S. Feng, J. Ren, L. Zhang, D. Chen, N. Ollier, G. Gao, C. Yu, and S. Wang, “Manipulating refractive index, homogeneity and spectroscopy of Yb3+-doped silica-core glass towards high-power large mode area photonic crystal fiber lasers,” Opt. Express 25(21), 25960–25969 (2017).
[Crossref]

W. Xu, J. Ren, C. Shao, X. Wang, M. Wang, L. Zhang, D. Chen, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Effect of P5+ on spectroscopy and structure of Yb3+/Al3+/P5+ co-doped silica glass,” J LUMIN 167, 8–15 (2015).
[Crossref]

Zhang, W.

Zhang, X.

C. Shao, J. Ren, F. Wang, N. Ollier, F. Xie, X. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Origin of Radiation-Induced Darkening in Yb3+/Al3+/P5+-Doped Silica Glasses: Effect of the P/Al Ratio,” J. Phys. Chem. B 122(10), 2809–2820 (2018).
[Crossref]

Zhou, Q.

S. Wang, F. Lou, C. Yu, Q. Zhou, M. Wang, S. Feng, D. Chen, L. Hu, W. Chen, M. Guzik, and G. Boulon, “Influence of Al3+ and P5+ ion contents on the valence state of Yb3+ ions and the dispersion effect of Al3+ and P5+ ions on Yb3+ ions in silica glass,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2, 4406 (2014).

Zhu, R.

C. Shao, F. Xie, F. Wang, M. Guo, R. Zhu, H. Zhang, M. Wang, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “UV absorption bands and its relevance to local structures of ytterbium ions in Yb3+/Al3+/P5+-doped silica glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 512, 53–59 (2019).
[Crossref]

Zotov, K. V.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

P. M. Peters and S. N. Houde-Walter, “X-ray absorption fine structure determination of the local environment of Er3+ in glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70(5), 541–543 (1997).
[Crossref]

Chin. Opt. Lett. (2)

High Power Laser Sci. Eng. (1)

Z. Guo, Q. Hao, J. Peng, and H. Zeng, “Environmentally stable Er-fiber mode-locked pulse generation and amplification by spectrally filtered and phase-biased nonlinear amplifying long-loop mirror,” High Power Laser Sci. Eng. 7, e41 (2019).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. N. Zervas and C. A. Codemard, “High power fiber lasers: a review,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 20(5), 219–241 (2014).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonic. Tech. L (1)

E. Delevaque, T. Georges, M. Monerie, P. Lamouler, and J.-F. Bayon, “Modeling of pair-induced quenching in erbium-doped silicate fibers,” IEEE Photonic. Tech. L 5(1), 73–75 (1993).
[Crossref]

J LUMIN (1)

W. Xu, J. Ren, C. Shao, X. Wang, M. Wang, L. Zhang, D. Chen, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Effect of P5+ on spectroscopy and structure of Yb3+/Al3+/P5+ co-doped silica glass,” J LUMIN 167, 8–15 (2015).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (4)

F. Wang, C. Shao, C. Yu, S. Wang, L. Zhang, G. Gao, and L. Hu, “Effect of AlPO4 join concentration on optical properties and radiation hardening performance of Yb-doped Al2O3-P2O5-SiO2 glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 125(17), 173104 (2019).
[Crossref]

R. S. Quimby, W. J. Miniscalco, and B. Thompson, “Clustering in erbium-doped silica glass fibers analyzed using 980 nm excited state absorption,” J. Appl. Phys. 76(8), 4472–4478 (1994).
[Crossref]

K. Arai, H. Namikawa, K. Kumata, T. Honda, Y. Ishii, and T. Handa, “Aluminum or phosphorus co-doping effects on the fluorescence and structural properties of neodymium-doped silica glass,” J. Appl. Phys. 59(10), 3430–3436 (1986).
[Crossref]

Q. Wang, N. K. Dutta, and R. Ahrens, “Spectroscopic properties of Er doped silica glasses,” J. Appl. Phys. 95(8), 4025–4028 (2004).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

T. Deschamps, N. Ollier, H. Vezin, and C. Gonnet, “Clusters dissolution of Yb3+ in codoped SiO2-Al2O3-P2O5 glass fiber and its relevance to photodarkening,” J. Chem. Phys. 136(1), 014503 (2012).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

W. J. Miniscalco, “Erbium-doped glasses for fiber amplifiers at 1500 nm,” J. Lightwave Technol. 9(2), 234–250 (1991).
[Crossref]

J. Lumin. (1)

F. Cova, M. Fasoli, F. Moretti, N. Chiodini, K. Pauwels, E. Auffray, M. T. Lucchini, E. Bourret, I. Veronese, E. D. Ippolito, and A. Vedda, “Optical properties and radiation hardness of Pr-doped sol-gel silica: Influence of fiber drawing process,” J. Lumin. 192, 661–667 (2017).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Chem. C (1)

S. Wang, F. Lou, C. Yu, Q. Zhou, M. Wang, S. Feng, D. Chen, L. Hu, W. Chen, M. Guzik, and G. Boulon, “Influence of Al3+ and P5+ ion contents on the valence state of Yb3+ ions and the dispersion effect of Al3+ and P5+ ions on Yb3+ ions in silica glass,” J. Mater. Chem. C 2, 4406 (2014).

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (4)

C. Shao, F. Xie, F. Wang, M. Guo, R. Zhu, H. Zhang, M. Wang, S. Wang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “UV absorption bands and its relevance to local structures of ytterbium ions in Yb3+/Al3+/P5+-doped silica glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 512, 53–59 (2019).
[Crossref]

F. L. Galeener, “Planar rings in vitreous silica,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 49(1-3), 53–62 (1982).
[Crossref]

V. McGahay and M. Tomozawa, “Phase separation in rare-earth-doped SiO2 glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 159(3), 246–252 (1993).
[Crossref]

P. M. Peters and S. N. Houde-Walter, “Local structure of Er3+ in multicomponent glasses,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 239(1-3), 162–169 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. B (2)

C. Shao, J. Ren, F. Wang, N. Ollier, F. Xie, X. Zhang, L. Zhang, C. Yu, and L. Hu, “Origin of Radiation-Induced Darkening in Yb3+/Al3+/P5+-Doped Silica Glasses: Effect of the P/Al Ratio,” J. Phys. Chem. B 122(10), 2809–2820 (2018).
[Crossref]

A. Saitoh, S. Matsuishi, C. Se-Weon, J. Nishii, M. Oto, M. Hirano, and H. Hosono, “Elucidation of Codoping Effects on the Solubility Enhancement of Er3+ in SiO2 Glass: Striking Difference between Al and P Codoping,” J. Phys. Chem. B 110(15), 7617–7620 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. Chem. C (3)

I. Veronese, C. De Mattia, M. Fasoli, N. Chiodini, M. C. Cantone, F. Moretti, C. Dujardin, and A. Vedda, “Role of Optical Fiber Drawing in Radioluminescence Hysteresis of Yb-Doped Silica,” J. Phys. Chem. C 119(27), 15572–15578 (2015).
[Crossref]

B. G. Aitken, R. E. Youngman, R. R. Deshpande, and H. Eckert, “Structure−Property Relations in Mixed-Network Glasses: Multinuclear Solid State NMR Investigations of the System xAl2O3: (30-x) P2O5: 70SiO2,” J. Phys. Chem. C 113(8), 3322–3331 (2009).
[Crossref]

M. de Oliveira, T. Uesbeck, T. S. Gonçalves, C. J. Magon, P. S. Pizani, A. S. S. de Camargo, and H. Eckert, “Network Structure and Rare-Earth Ion Local Environments in Fluoride Phosphate Photonic Glasses Studied by Solid-State NMR and Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopies,” J. Phys. Chem. C 119(43), 24574–24587 (2015).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Okazaki, E. H. Sekiya, and K. Saito, “P/Al atomic ratio dependence of local structure around Yb3+ ions and optical properties of Yb-Al-P-doped silica glass,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 58(12), 122005 (2019).
[Crossref]

Laser Phys. (1)

N. V. Kiritchenko, L. V. Kotov, M. A. Melkumov, M. E. Likhachev, M. M. Bubnov, M. V. Yashkov, A. Y. Laptev, and A. N. Guryanov, “Effect of ytterbium co-doping on erbium clustering in silica-doped glass,” Laser Phys. 25(2), 025102 (2015).
[Crossref]

MRS Proc. (1)

J. E. Townsend, W. L. Barnes, and S. G. Crubb, “Yb3+ sensitised Er3+ doped silica optical fibre with ultra high transfer efficiency and gain,” MRS Proc. 244, 143 (1991).
[Crossref]

Opt. Eng. (1)

W. J. Miniscalco, “Optical and electronic properties of rare earth ions in glasses,” Opt. Eng. 71, 17–112 (2001).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Opt. Mater. (1)

V. Petit, T. Okazaki, E. H. Sekiya, R. Bacus, K. Saito, and A. J. Ikushima, “Characterization of Yb3+ clusters in silica glass preforms,” Opt. Mater. 31(2), 300–305 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Mater. Express (1)

Photonics Res. (1)

J. Alaniz-Baylon, M. Durán-Sánchez, R. I. Álvarez-Tamayo, B. Posada-Ramírez, M. Bello-Jiménez, B. Ibarra-Escamilla, A. A. Castillo-Guzman, and E. A. Kuzin, “Fiber laser with simultaneous multi-wavelength Er/Yb passively Q-switched and single-wavelength Tm gain-switched operations,” Photonics Res. 7(6), 608–614 (2019).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

F. L. Galeener and A. E. Geissberger, “Raman studies of vitreous SiO2 versus fictive temperature,” Phys. Rev. B 28(6), 3266–3271 (1983).
[Crossref]

Phys. review (1)

D. E. McCumber, “Theory of phonon-terminated optical masers,” Phys. review 134(2A), A299–A306 (1964).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

J. Wagener, P. Wysocki, M. Digonnet, H. Shaw, and D. DiGiovanni, “Effect of concentration on the efficiency of erbium-doped silica fiber lasers,” Proc. SPIE 1789, 80 (1993).
[Crossref]

SEI Tech. Review - Eng. Ed. (1)

T. Haruna, J. Iihara, Y. Saito, K. Yamaguchi, M. Onishi, and S. Ishikawa, “Analysis of Coordination Structure around Erbium in Erbium-Doped Fiber,” SEI Tech. Review - Eng. Ed. 66, 129 (2008).

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

E. F. Artem’Ev, A. G. Murzin, and Y. K. Fedorov, “Some characteristics of population inversion of the 4I13/2 level of erbium ions in ytterbium-erbium glasses,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11(9), 1266–1268 (1981).
[Crossref]

Other (3)

L. V. Kotov and M. E. Likhachev, “High Power Continuous-Wave Er-doped Fiber Lasers,” in Optics, Photonics and Laser Technology 2017, P. Ribeiro, D. L. Andrews, and M. Raposo, eds. (Springer International Publishing, 2019), pp. 165–192.

S. Unger, A. Schwuchow, S. Jetschke, V. Reichel, A. Scheffel, and J. Kirchhof, “Optical properties of Yb-doped laser fibers in dependence on codopants and preparation conditions,” (SPIE, 2008), pp. 689016–6890111.

R. S. Quimby, W. J. Miniscalco, and B. A. Thompson, “Quantitative characterization of clustering in erbium-doped silica glass fibers,” in Fiber Laser Sources and Amplifiers V (International Society for Optics and Photonics, 1994), pp. 2–12.

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. UV-VIS absorption spectra of EYAPS series samples, the inset photographs show the large-sized and transparent EYAPS0, EYAPS1, EYAPS2 and EYAPS3 samples, respectively.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. NIR absorption spectra of EYAPS series samples near 1 µm (a) and 1.5 µm (b).
Fig. 3.
Fig. 3. (a) Normalized PL spectra, and (b) Emission intensity ratio of Er3+ ions at 1530 and Yb3+ ions at 975 nm (I1530/I975) of EYAPS series samples.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 4. EDFS spectra of EYPAS series samples.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 5. 2D-HYSCORE spectra of EYAPS0 (a), EYAPS1 (b), EYAPS2 (c) and EYAPS3 (d) samples.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 6. Raman spectra of pure silica (α-SiO2) and EYAPS series glasses.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 7. Schematic diagram of energy transfer between Yb3+:2F5/2 level and Er3+:4I11/2 level.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Mean compositions of EYAPS and YAPS glass samples (in mol%)

Tables Icon

Table 2. The peak absorption (λ abs) and emission (λ em) wavelength, full width at half maximum (FWHM) of absorption and emission bands (∼ 1.53 µm), and peak absorption (σabs) and emission (σem) cross sections for the transition between 4I13/2 and 4I15/2 of Er3+ ions with different P/Al ratio.

Tables Icon

Table 3. Lifetime of Er3+:4I13/2 level ( τ E r ) and Yb3+:2F5/2 level ( τ Y b ) in EYAPS series samples; Lifetime of Yb3+:2F5/2 level ( τ Y b 0 ) in Er3+-free YAPS series samples; Energy transfer coefficients ( η ) from Yb3+:2F5/2 level to Er3+:4I13/2 level

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

σ a b s = 2.303 N 0 L O D ( λ )
σ e m i = σ a b s Z l Z u e x p [ h c k T ( 1 λ 0 1 λ ) ]
η = 1 τ Y b τ Y b 0

Metrics