Abstract

Tellurite glass is proposed as a host for Yb3+, Tm3+ and Ho3+ triply doped optical fiber and, in this work, a new multimode optical fiber with triply-doped core was fabricated. We report results on the processing and characterization of tellurite-based glass preforms and fibers. Cr3+ was used as tracer to assess core quality and uniformity across 60 mm length preform. By Raman fluorescence of Tm3+ ions contained into the core, we also mapped the interface between core and cladding that reveals an interface around 45 μm for a 10.11 mm of preform. For triply-doped core fiber excited at 980 nm, we generated white light radiation. The chromaticity diagram showed the multicolor emission and the color tunability of the triply-doped core optical fiber.

© 2011 OSA

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    [CrossRef]
  2. E. R. Taylor, L. N. Ng, N. P. Sessions, and H. Buerger, “Spectroscopy of Tm3+-doped tellurite glasses for 1470 nm fiber amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys.92(1), 112–117 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. F. Johnson and H. J. Guggenheim, “Infrared-pumped visible laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.19(2), 44–47 (1971).
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  4. F. E. Auzel, “Materials and devices using double-pumped-phosphors with energy transfer,” Proc. IEEE61(6), 758–786 (1973).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  10. Z. Yang and Z. Jiang, “Frequency upconversion emissions in layered lead–germanate–tellurite glasses for three-color display,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids351(30-32), 2576–2580 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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  14. A. Jha, P. Joshi, S. Shen, and L. Huang, “Spectroscopic characterization of signal gain and pump ESA in short-lengths of RE-doped tellurite fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids353(13-15), 1407–1413 (2007).
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    [CrossRef]
  17. D. C. Tran, C. F. Fisher, and G. H. Sigel, “Fluoride glass preforms prepared by a rotational casting process,” Electron. Lett.18(15), 657–658 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  18. V. V. Sakharov, P. B. Baskov, O. V. Akimova, V. Sh. Berikashvili, and G. F. Lebedev, “Fluoride glasses for multifunctional multifiber systems,” Inorg. Mater.44(12), 1386–1392 (2008).
    [CrossRef]
  19. Y. Ledemi, D. Manzani, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Multicolor up conversion emission and color tunability in Yb3+/Tm3+/Ho3+ triply doped heavy metal oxide glasses,” Opt. Mater.33(12), 1916–1920 (2011).
    [CrossRef]
  20. J. Massera, A. Haldeman, D. Milanese, H. Gebavi, M. Ferraris, P. Foy, W. Hawkins, J. Ballato, R. Stolen, and L. Petit, “Processing and characterization of core–clad tellurite glass preforms and fibers fabricated by rotational casting,” Opt. Mater.32(5), 582–588 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
  21. N. Q. Wang, X. Zhao, C. M. Li, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. Lin, “Upconversion and color tunability in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+ doped low phonon energy bismuth tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin.130(6), 1044–1047 (2010).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2011 (1)

Y. Ledemi, D. Manzani, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Multicolor up conversion emission and color tunability in Yb3+/Tm3+/Ho3+ triply doped heavy metal oxide glasses,” Opt. Mater.33(12), 1916–1920 (2011).
[CrossRef]

2010 (3)

J. Massera, A. Haldeman, D. Milanese, H. Gebavi, M. Ferraris, P. Foy, W. Hawkins, J. Ballato, R. Stolen, and L. Petit, “Processing and characterization of core–clad tellurite glass preforms and fibers fabricated by rotational casting,” Opt. Mater.32(5), 582–588 (2010).
[CrossRef]

N. Q. Wang, X. Zhao, C. M. Li, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. Lin, “Upconversion and color tunability in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+ doped low phonon energy bismuth tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin.130(6), 1044–1047 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Yang, H. Gong, E. Y. B. Pun, X. Zhao, and H. Lin, “Rare-earth ions doped heavy metal germanium tellurite glasses for fiber lighting in minimally invasive surgery,” Opt. Express18(18), 18997–19008 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2008 (2)

J. Canning, M. Stevenson, T. K. Yip, S. K. Lim, and C. Martelli, “White light sources based on multiple precision selective micro-filling of structured optical waveguides,” Opt. Express16(20), 15700–15708 (2008).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. V. Sakharov, P. B. Baskov, O. V. Akimova, V. Sh. Berikashvili, and G. F. Lebedev, “Fluoride glasses for multifunctional multifiber systems,” Inorg. Mater.44(12), 1386–1392 (2008).
[CrossRef]

2007 (2)

A. Jha, P. Joshi, S. Shen, and L. Huang, “Spectroscopic characterization of signal gain and pump ESA in short-lengths of RE-doped tellurite fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids353(13-15), 1407–1413 (2007).
[CrossRef]

G. E. Rachkovskaya and G. B. Zakharevich, “IR spectra of tellurium germinate glasses and their structure,” J. Appl. Spectrosc.74(1), 86–89 (2007).
[CrossRef]

2006 (2)

N. Prasad, J. Wang, R. Pattnaik, H. Jain, and J. Toulouse, “Preform fabrication and drawing of KNbO3 modified tellurite glass fiber,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids352(6-7), 519–523 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, S. Prasad, K. Kiang, R. K. Pattnaik, J. Toulouse, and H. Jain, “Source of optical loss in tellurite glass fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids352(6-7), 510–513 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

S. Xu, H. Ma, D. Fang, Z. Zhang, and Z. Jiang, “Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+ -codoped oxyhalides tellurite glasses as materials for three-dimensional display,” Mater. Lett.59(24-25), 3066–3068 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Z. Yang and Z. Jiang, “Frequency upconversion emissions in layered lead–germanate–tellurite glasses for three-color display,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids351(30-32), 2576–2580 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

H. T. Amorin, M. V. D. Vermelho, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, F. C. Cassanjes, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Red-green-blue upconversion emission and energy-transfer between Tm3+ and Er3+ ions in tellurite glasses excited at 1.064 μm,” J. Solid State Chem.171(1-2), 278–281 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

E. R. Taylor, L. N. Ng, N. P. Sessions, and H. Buerger, “Spectroscopy of Tm3+-doped tellurite glasses for 1470 nm fiber amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys.92(1), 112–117 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

G. S. Maciel, A. Biswas, R. Kapoor, and P. N. Prasad, “Blue cooperative upconversion in Yb-doped multicomponent sol-gel processed silica glass for three-dimensional display,” Appl. Phys. Lett.76(15), 1978–1980 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

1996 (1)

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, “A three-color, solid-state, three-dimensional display,” Science273(5279), 1185–1189 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

D. C. Tran, C. F. Fisher, and G. H. Sigel, “Fluoride glass preforms prepared by a rotational casting process,” Electron. Lett.18(15), 657–658 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

F. E. Auzel, “Materials and devices using double-pumped-phosphors with energy transfer,” Proc. IEEE61(6), 758–786 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

L. F. Johnson and H. J. Guggenheim, “Infrared-pumped visible laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.19(2), 44–47 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Akella, A.

Akimova, O. V.

V. V. Sakharov, P. B. Baskov, O. V. Akimova, V. Sh. Berikashvili, and G. F. Lebedev, “Fluoride glasses for multifunctional multifiber systems,” Inorg. Mater.44(12), 1386–1392 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Amorin, H. T.

H. T. Amorin, M. V. D. Vermelho, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, F. C. Cassanjes, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Red-green-blue upconversion emission and energy-transfer between Tm3+ and Er3+ ions in tellurite glasses excited at 1.064 μm,” J. Solid State Chem.171(1-2), 278–281 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Auzel, F. E.

F. E. Auzel, “Materials and devices using double-pumped-phosphors with energy transfer,” Proc. IEEE61(6), 758–786 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Ballato, J.

J. Massera, A. Haldeman, D. Milanese, H. Gebavi, M. Ferraris, P. Foy, W. Hawkins, J. Ballato, R. Stolen, and L. Petit, “Processing and characterization of core–clad tellurite glass preforms and fibers fabricated by rotational casting,” Opt. Mater.32(5), 582–588 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Baskov, P. B.

V. V. Sakharov, P. B. Baskov, O. V. Akimova, V. Sh. Berikashvili, and G. F. Lebedev, “Fluoride glasses for multifunctional multifiber systems,” Inorg. Mater.44(12), 1386–1392 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Berikashvili, V. Sh.

V. V. Sakharov, P. B. Baskov, O. V. Akimova, V. Sh. Berikashvili, and G. F. Lebedev, “Fluoride glasses for multifunctional multifiber systems,” Inorg. Mater.44(12), 1386–1392 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Biswas, A.

G. S. Maciel, A. Biswas, R. Kapoor, and P. N. Prasad, “Blue cooperative upconversion in Yb-doped multicomponent sol-gel processed silica glass for three-dimensional display,” Appl. Phys. Lett.76(15), 1978–1980 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Buerger, H.

E. R. Taylor, L. N. Ng, N. P. Sessions, and H. Buerger, “Spectroscopy of Tm3+-doped tellurite glasses for 1470 nm fiber amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys.92(1), 112–117 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Canning, J.

Cassanjes, F. C.

H. T. Amorin, M. V. D. Vermelho, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, F. C. Cassanjes, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Red-green-blue upconversion emission and energy-transfer between Tm3+ and Er3+ ions in tellurite glasses excited at 1.064 μm,” J. Solid State Chem.171(1-2), 278–281 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Doumuki, T.

Downing, E.

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, “A three-color, solid-state, three-dimensional display,” Science273(5279), 1185–1189 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fang, D.

S. Xu, H. Ma, D. Fang, Z. Zhang, and Z. Jiang, “Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+ -codoped oxyhalides tellurite glasses as materials for three-dimensional display,” Mater. Lett.59(24-25), 3066–3068 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ferraris, M.

J. Massera, A. Haldeman, D. Milanese, H. Gebavi, M. Ferraris, P. Foy, W. Hawkins, J. Ballato, R. Stolen, and L. Petit, “Processing and characterization of core–clad tellurite glass preforms and fibers fabricated by rotational casting,” Opt. Mater.32(5), 582–588 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Fisher, C. F.

D. C. Tran, C. F. Fisher, and G. H. Sigel, “Fluoride glass preforms prepared by a rotational casting process,” Electron. Lett.18(15), 657–658 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Foy, P.

J. Massera, A. Haldeman, D. Milanese, H. Gebavi, M. Ferraris, P. Foy, W. Hawkins, J. Ballato, R. Stolen, and L. Petit, “Processing and characterization of core–clad tellurite glass preforms and fibers fabricated by rotational casting,” Opt. Mater.32(5), 582–588 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Galambos, L.

Gebavi, H.

J. Massera, A. Haldeman, D. Milanese, H. Gebavi, M. Ferraris, P. Foy, W. Hawkins, J. Ballato, R. Stolen, and L. Petit, “Processing and characterization of core–clad tellurite glass preforms and fibers fabricated by rotational casting,” Opt. Mater.32(5), 582–588 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Gong, H.

Gouveia-Neto, A. S.

H. T. Amorin, M. V. D. Vermelho, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, F. C. Cassanjes, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Red-green-blue upconversion emission and energy-transfer between Tm3+ and Er3+ ions in tellurite glasses excited at 1.064 μm,” J. Solid State Chem.171(1-2), 278–281 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Guggenheim, H. J.

L. F. Johnson and H. J. Guggenheim, “Infrared-pumped visible laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.19(2), 44–47 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Haldeman, A.

J. Massera, A. Haldeman, D. Milanese, H. Gebavi, M. Ferraris, P. Foy, W. Hawkins, J. Ballato, R. Stolen, and L. Petit, “Processing and characterization of core–clad tellurite glass preforms and fibers fabricated by rotational casting,” Opt. Mater.32(5), 582–588 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hawkins, W.

J. Massera, A. Haldeman, D. Milanese, H. Gebavi, M. Ferraris, P. Foy, W. Hawkins, J. Ballato, R. Stolen, and L. Petit, “Processing and characterization of core–clad tellurite glass preforms and fibers fabricated by rotational casting,” Opt. Mater.32(5), 582–588 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Hesselink, L.

Honda, T.

Huang, L.

A. Jha, P. Joshi, S. Shen, and L. Huang, “Spectroscopic characterization of signal gain and pump ESA in short-lengths of RE-doped tellurite fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids353(13-15), 1407–1413 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jain, H.

J. Wang, S. Prasad, K. Kiang, R. K. Pattnaik, J. Toulouse, and H. Jain, “Source of optical loss in tellurite glass fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids352(6-7), 510–513 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Prasad, J. Wang, R. Pattnaik, H. Jain, and J. Toulouse, “Preform fabrication and drawing of KNbO3 modified tellurite glass fiber,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids352(6-7), 519–523 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jha, A.

A. Jha, P. Joshi, S. Shen, and L. Huang, “Spectroscopic characterization of signal gain and pump ESA in short-lengths of RE-doped tellurite fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids353(13-15), 1407–1413 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Z.

Z. Yang and Z. Jiang, “Frequency upconversion emissions in layered lead–germanate–tellurite glasses for three-color display,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids351(30-32), 2576–2580 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Xu, H. Ma, D. Fang, Z. Zhang, and Z. Jiang, “Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+ -codoped oxyhalides tellurite glasses as materials for three-dimensional display,” Mater. Lett.59(24-25), 3066–3068 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, L. F.

L. F. Johnson and H. J. Guggenheim, “Infrared-pumped visible laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett.19(2), 44–47 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Joshi, P.

A. Jha, P. Joshi, S. Shen, and L. Huang, “Spectroscopic characterization of signal gain and pump ESA in short-lengths of RE-doped tellurite fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids353(13-15), 1407–1413 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Kapoor, R.

G. S. Maciel, A. Biswas, R. Kapoor, and P. N. Prasad, “Blue cooperative upconversion in Yb-doped multicomponent sol-gel processed silica glass for three-dimensional display,” Appl. Phys. Lett.76(15), 1978–1980 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kiang, K.

J. Wang, S. Prasad, K. Kiang, R. K. Pattnaik, J. Toulouse, and H. Jain, “Source of optical loss in tellurite glass fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids352(6-7), 510–513 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lebedev, G. F.

V. V. Sakharov, P. B. Baskov, O. V. Akimova, V. Sh. Berikashvili, and G. F. Lebedev, “Fluoride glasses for multifunctional multifiber systems,” Inorg. Mater.44(12), 1386–1392 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Ledemi, Y.

Y. Ledemi, D. Manzani, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Multicolor up conversion emission and color tunability in Yb3+/Tm3+/Ho3+ triply doped heavy metal oxide glasses,” Opt. Mater.33(12), 1916–1920 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Li, C. M.

N. Q. Wang, X. Zhao, C. M. Li, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. Lin, “Upconversion and color tunability in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+ doped low phonon energy bismuth tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin.130(6), 1044–1047 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Lim, S. K.

Lin, H.

N. Q. Wang, X. Zhao, C. M. Li, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. Lin, “Upconversion and color tunability in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+ doped low phonon energy bismuth tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin.130(6), 1044–1047 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Yang, H. Gong, E. Y. B. Pun, X. Zhao, and H. Lin, “Rare-earth ions doped heavy metal germanium tellurite glasses for fiber lighting in minimally invasive surgery,” Opt. Express18(18), 18997–19008 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ma, H.

S. Xu, H. Ma, D. Fang, Z. Zhang, and Z. Jiang, “Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+ -codoped oxyhalides tellurite glasses as materials for three-dimensional display,” Mater. Lett.59(24-25), 3066–3068 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Macfarlane, R.

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, “A three-color, solid-state, three-dimensional display,” Science273(5279), 1185–1189 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Maciel, G. S.

G. S. Maciel, A. Biswas, R. Kapoor, and P. N. Prasad, “Blue cooperative upconversion in Yb-doped multicomponent sol-gel processed silica glass for three-dimensional display,” Appl. Phys. Lett.76(15), 1978–1980 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Manzani, D.

Y. Ledemi, D. Manzani, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Multicolor up conversion emission and color tunability in Yb3+/Tm3+/Ho3+ triply doped heavy metal oxide glasses,” Opt. Mater.33(12), 1916–1920 (2011).
[CrossRef]

Martelli, C.

Massera, J.

J. Massera, A. Haldeman, D. Milanese, H. Gebavi, M. Ferraris, P. Foy, W. Hawkins, J. Ballato, R. Stolen, and L. Petit, “Processing and characterization of core–clad tellurite glass preforms and fibers fabricated by rotational casting,” Opt. Mater.32(5), 582–588 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Messaddeq, Y.

Y. Ledemi, D. Manzani, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Multicolor up conversion emission and color tunability in Yb3+/Tm3+/Ho3+ triply doped heavy metal oxide glasses,” Opt. Mater.33(12), 1916–1920 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Amorin, M. V. D. Vermelho, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, F. C. Cassanjes, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Red-green-blue upconversion emission and energy-transfer between Tm3+ and Er3+ ions in tellurite glasses excited at 1.064 μm,” J. Solid State Chem.171(1-2), 278–281 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Milanese, D.

J. Massera, A. Haldeman, D. Milanese, H. Gebavi, M. Ferraris, P. Foy, W. Hawkins, J. Ballato, R. Stolen, and L. Petit, “Processing and characterization of core–clad tellurite glass preforms and fibers fabricated by rotational casting,” Opt. Mater.32(5), 582–588 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Ng, L. N.

E. R. Taylor, L. N. Ng, N. P. Sessions, and H. Buerger, “Spectroscopy of Tm3+-doped tellurite glasses for 1470 nm fiber amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys.92(1), 112–117 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Pattnaik, R.

N. Prasad, J. Wang, R. Pattnaik, H. Jain, and J. Toulouse, “Preform fabrication and drawing of KNbO3 modified tellurite glass fiber,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids352(6-7), 519–523 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pattnaik, R. K.

J. Wang, S. Prasad, K. Kiang, R. K. Pattnaik, J. Toulouse, and H. Jain, “Source of optical loss in tellurite glass fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids352(6-7), 510–513 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Petit, L.

J. Massera, A. Haldeman, D. Milanese, H. Gebavi, M. Ferraris, P. Foy, W. Hawkins, J. Ballato, R. Stolen, and L. Petit, “Processing and characterization of core–clad tellurite glass preforms and fibers fabricated by rotational casting,” Opt. Mater.32(5), 582–588 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Prasad, N.

N. Prasad, J. Wang, R. Pattnaik, H. Jain, and J. Toulouse, “Preform fabrication and drawing of KNbO3 modified tellurite glass fiber,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids352(6-7), 519–523 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Prasad, P. N.

G. S. Maciel, A. Biswas, R. Kapoor, and P. N. Prasad, “Blue cooperative upconversion in Yb-doped multicomponent sol-gel processed silica glass for three-dimensional display,” Appl. Phys. Lett.76(15), 1978–1980 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Prasad, S.

J. Wang, S. Prasad, K. Kiang, R. K. Pattnaik, J. Toulouse, and H. Jain, “Source of optical loss in tellurite glass fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids352(6-7), 510–513 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Pun, E. Y. B.

N. Q. Wang, X. Zhao, C. M. Li, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. Lin, “Upconversion and color tunability in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+ doped low phonon energy bismuth tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin.130(6), 1044–1047 (2010).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Yang, H. Gong, E. Y. B. Pun, X. Zhao, and H. Lin, “Rare-earth ions doped heavy metal germanium tellurite glasses for fiber lighting in minimally invasive surgery,” Opt. Express18(18), 18997–19008 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rachkovskaya, G. E.

G. E. Rachkovskaya and G. B. Zakharevich, “IR spectra of tellurium germinate glasses and their structure,” J. Appl. Spectrosc.74(1), 86–89 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Ralston, J.

E. Downing, L. Hesselink, J. Ralston, and R. Macfarlane, “A three-color, solid-state, three-dimensional display,” Science273(5279), 1185–1189 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ribeiro, S. J. L.

Y. Ledemi, D. Manzani, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Multicolor up conversion emission and color tunability in Yb3+/Tm3+/Ho3+ triply doped heavy metal oxide glasses,” Opt. Mater.33(12), 1916–1920 (2011).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Amorin, M. V. D. Vermelho, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, F. C. Cassanjes, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Red-green-blue upconversion emission and energy-transfer between Tm3+ and Er3+ ions in tellurite glasses excited at 1.064 μm,” J. Solid State Chem.171(1-2), 278–281 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sakharov, V. V.

V. V. Sakharov, P. B. Baskov, O. V. Akimova, V. Sh. Berikashvili, and G. F. Lebedev, “Fluoride glasses for multifunctional multifiber systems,” Inorg. Mater.44(12), 1386–1392 (2008).
[CrossRef]

Sessions, N. P.

E. R. Taylor, L. N. Ng, N. P. Sessions, and H. Buerger, “Spectroscopy of Tm3+-doped tellurite glasses for 1470 nm fiber amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys.92(1), 112–117 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shen, S.

A. Jha, P. Joshi, S. Shen, and L. Huang, “Spectroscopic characterization of signal gain and pump ESA in short-lengths of RE-doped tellurite fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids353(13-15), 1407–1413 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Sigel, G. H.

D. C. Tran, C. F. Fisher, and G. H. Sigel, “Fluoride glass preforms prepared by a rotational casting process,” Electron. Lett.18(15), 657–658 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Stevenson, M.

Stolen, R.

J. Massera, A. Haldeman, D. Milanese, H. Gebavi, M. Ferraris, P. Foy, W. Hawkins, J. Ballato, R. Stolen, and L. Petit, “Processing and characterization of core–clad tellurite glass preforms and fibers fabricated by rotational casting,” Opt. Mater.32(5), 582–588 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, E. R.

E. R. Taylor, L. N. Ng, N. P. Sessions, and H. Buerger, “Spectroscopy of Tm3+-doped tellurite glasses for 1470 nm fiber amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys.92(1), 112–117 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Toulouse, J.

J. Wang, S. Prasad, K. Kiang, R. K. Pattnaik, J. Toulouse, and H. Jain, “Source of optical loss in tellurite glass fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids352(6-7), 510–513 (2006).
[CrossRef]

N. Prasad, J. Wang, R. Pattnaik, H. Jain, and J. Toulouse, “Preform fabrication and drawing of KNbO3 modified tellurite glass fiber,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids352(6-7), 519–523 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tran, D. C.

D. C. Tran, C. F. Fisher, and G. H. Sigel, “Fluoride glass preforms prepared by a rotational casting process,” Electron. Lett.18(15), 657–658 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Vermelho, M. V. D.

H. T. Amorin, M. V. D. Vermelho, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, F. C. Cassanjes, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Red-green-blue upconversion emission and energy-transfer between Tm3+ and Er3+ ions in tellurite glasses excited at 1.064 μm,” J. Solid State Chem.171(1-2), 278–281 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

N. Prasad, J. Wang, R. Pattnaik, H. Jain, and J. Toulouse, “Preform fabrication and drawing of KNbO3 modified tellurite glass fiber,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids352(6-7), 519–523 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, S. Prasad, K. Kiang, R. K. Pattnaik, J. Toulouse, and H. Jain, “Source of optical loss in tellurite glass fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids352(6-7), 510–513 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wang, N. Q.

N. Q. Wang, X. Zhao, C. M. Li, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. Lin, “Upconversion and color tunability in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+ doped low phonon energy bismuth tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin.130(6), 1044–1047 (2010).
[CrossRef]

Xu, S.

S. Xu, H. Ma, D. Fang, Z. Zhang, and Z. Jiang, “Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+ -codoped oxyhalides tellurite glasses as materials for three-dimensional display,” Mater. Lett.59(24-25), 3066–3068 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yang, D. L.

Yang, Z.

Z. Yang and Z. Jiang, “Frequency upconversion emissions in layered lead–germanate–tellurite glasses for three-color display,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids351(30-32), 2576–2580 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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Zakharevich, G. B.

G. E. Rachkovskaya and G. B. Zakharevich, “IR spectra of tellurium germinate glasses and their structure,” J. Appl. Spectrosc.74(1), 86–89 (2007).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, Z.

S. Xu, H. Ma, D. Fang, Z. Zhang, and Z. Jiang, “Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+ -codoped oxyhalides tellurite glasses as materials for three-dimensional display,” Mater. Lett.59(24-25), 3066–3068 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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D. L. Yang, H. Gong, E. Y. B. Pun, X. Zhao, and H. Lin, “Rare-earth ions doped heavy metal germanium tellurite glasses for fiber lighting in minimally invasive surgery,” Opt. Express18(18), 18997–19008 (2010).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Q. Wang, X. Zhao, C. M. Li, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. Lin, “Upconversion and color tunability in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+ doped low phonon energy bismuth tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin.130(6), 1044–1047 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

G. S. Maciel, A. Biswas, R. Kapoor, and P. N. Prasad, “Blue cooperative upconversion in Yb-doped multicomponent sol-gel processed silica glass for three-dimensional display,” Appl. Phys. Lett.76(15), 1978–1980 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

D. C. Tran, C. F. Fisher, and G. H. Sigel, “Fluoride glass preforms prepared by a rotational casting process,” Electron. Lett.18(15), 657–658 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Inorg. Mater. (1)

V. V. Sakharov, P. B. Baskov, O. V. Akimova, V. Sh. Berikashvili, and G. F. Lebedev, “Fluoride glasses for multifunctional multifiber systems,” Inorg. Mater.44(12), 1386–1392 (2008).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

E. R. Taylor, L. N. Ng, N. P. Sessions, and H. Buerger, “Spectroscopy of Tm3+-doped tellurite glasses for 1470 nm fiber amplifier,” J. Appl. Phys.92(1), 112–117 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Spectrosc. (1)

G. E. Rachkovskaya and G. B. Zakharevich, “IR spectra of tellurium germinate glasses and their structure,” J. Appl. Spectrosc.74(1), 86–89 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (1)

N. Q. Wang, X. Zhao, C. M. Li, E. Y. B. Pun, and H. Lin, “Upconversion and color tunability in Tm3+/Ho3+/Yb3+ doped low phonon energy bismuth tellurite glasses,” J. Lumin.130(6), 1044–1047 (2010).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (4)

N. Prasad, J. Wang, R. Pattnaik, H. Jain, and J. Toulouse, “Preform fabrication and drawing of KNbO3 modified tellurite glass fiber,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids352(6-7), 519–523 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Yang and Z. Jiang, “Frequency upconversion emissions in layered lead–germanate–tellurite glasses for three-color display,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids351(30-32), 2576–2580 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Wang, S. Prasad, K. Kiang, R. K. Pattnaik, J. Toulouse, and H. Jain, “Source of optical loss in tellurite glass fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids352(6-7), 510–513 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. Jha, P. Joshi, S. Shen, and L. Huang, “Spectroscopic characterization of signal gain and pump ESA in short-lengths of RE-doped tellurite fibers,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids353(13-15), 1407–1413 (2007).
[CrossRef]

J. Solid State Chem. (1)

H. T. Amorin, M. V. D. Vermelho, A. S. Gouveia-Neto, F. C. Cassanjes, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Red-green-blue upconversion emission and energy-transfer between Tm3+ and Er3+ ions in tellurite glasses excited at 1.064 μm,” J. Solid State Chem.171(1-2), 278–281 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Lett. (1)

S. Xu, H. Ma, D. Fang, Z. Zhang, and Z. Jiang, “Tm3+/Er3+/Yb3+ -codoped oxyhalides tellurite glasses as materials for three-dimensional display,” Mater. Lett.59(24-25), 3066–3068 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Mater. (2)

Y. Ledemi, D. Manzani, S. J. L. Ribeiro, and Y. Messaddeq, “Multicolor up conversion emission and color tunability in Yb3+/Tm3+/Ho3+ triply doped heavy metal oxide glasses,” Opt. Mater.33(12), 1916–1920 (2011).
[CrossRef]

J. Massera, A. Haldeman, D. Milanese, H. Gebavi, M. Ferraris, P. Foy, W. Hawkins, J. Ballato, R. Stolen, and L. Petit, “Processing and characterization of core–clad tellurite glass preforms and fibers fabricated by rotational casting,” Opt. Mater.32(5), 582–588 (2010).
[CrossRef]

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A. Mori, Y. Ohishi, M. Yamada, H. Ono, and S. Sudo, in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series, Washington, D.C. (Optical Society of America, 1997), paper PDP1.

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

“Sucking method” experimental setup to prepare core-cladding preforms: cladding glass casting (A), core glass casting during the piston descent (downward) (B) and end of the process (C).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Evolution of the core and cladding diameters over the length of the preform prepared using the sucking method, measured at multiple cross-section locations.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Raman spectra for the core (red line) and cladding (black line) regions. The inset is the simplified Tm3+ ions energy diagram with the involved electronic transitions upon 632.8 nm excitation.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Raman fluorescence intensity of the band centered at 800 nm under excitation at 632.8 nm as a function of the radial distance on the preform, measured for decreasing radii as indicated by the arrow in the inset.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Normalized transmission spectrum obtained in a 150 mm long fiber with a supercontinuum source.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Up conversion emission spectra of the Yb3+, Tm3+, Ho3+ triply-doped core fiber, pumped with a diode laser at 980 nm under 48 to 145mW range of power.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Output emission power as a function of input pump power for each RGB emission and for the resulting total power.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Fluorescence from the end of the fiber pumped under 145 mW at 980 nm diode laser excitation. Bandpass filters were used so separate the three different emissions.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Energy level diagram of Yb3+, Tm3+ and Ho3+ ions with the proposed up conversion mechanisms upon 980 nm laser excitation [19].

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

CIE (x,y) chromaticity diagram showing the color coordinates of the multicolor up conversion emission of the triply-doped core optical fiber and the color tunability.

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