Abstract

We present a semiconductor saturable absorber mirror mode-locked thin disk laser based on Yb:Lu2O3 with an average power of 141W and an optical-to-optical efficiency of more than 40%. The ideal soliton pulses have an FWHM duration of 738fs, an energy of 2.4μJ, and a corresponding peak power of 2.8MW. The repetition rate was 60MHz and the beam was close to the diffraction limit with a measured M2 below 1.2.

© 2010 Optical Society of America

Femtosecond laser sources with high average powers are important tools for industrial and scientific applications. An increased average power can reduce the processing time for cutting or drilling applications and, in high field physics, it allows one to drive experiments at higher repetition rates leading to an increased signal-to-noise ratio or a higher photon flux [1]. This is particularly interesting in frequency conversion processes, such as high harmonic generation [2]. To date, semiconductor saturable absorber mirror (SESAM) [3] mode-locked thin disk lasers based on Yb:YAG deliver 80W of average power [4] and pulse energies of up to 11.3μJ with the thin disk gain element in a single folding mirror configuration [5] and up to 25.9μJ in an active multipass cavity [6]. Higher average powers have only been obtained from more complex setups, such as fiber chirped-pulse amplifier systems [7] or slab amplifiers [8].

However, the pulse duration from Yb:YAG thin disk lasers is limited to about 700fs due to the relatively narrow emission bandwidth compared to other Yb-doped materials [9]. The shortest pulse duration so far reported from a thin disk laser has been achieved with a Yb:LuScO3 thin disk laser that delivered 227-fs-long pulses with an average power of 7.2W [10]. However, the thermal conductivity of this mixed material [3.6W/(m·K)] is much lower than for its individual constituents Sc2O3 and Lu2O3 [11]. The latter has a thermal conductivity of 12.5W/(m·K), which is significantly higher—also higher than for YAG [11W/(m·K)]—and remains, in contrast to YAG, almost unaffected when doped with Yb ions [12]. The emission bandwidth is not as broad as for Yb:LuScO3 but still has about twice the width of Yb:YAG. Yb:Lu2O3 shows an absorption maximum at 976nm (zero-phonon line) with an absorption cross section that is about four times higher than for Yb:YAG [13], which is typically pumped at 940nm. Pumping at 976nm instead of 940nm reduces the quantum defect by about 40%. Yb:YAG could also be pumped at the zero-phonon line at 969nm, where it shows almost the same absorption cross section as at 940nm. However, both materials show only a narrow absorption bandwidth of below 2.9nm at the zero-phonon line, which requires a wavelength- stabilized and narrow-linewidth pump diode. Three years ago, the first mode-locked thin-disk laser based on Yb:Lu2O3 was presented [14]. It achieved the highest optical-to-optical efficiency of 43% for mode-locked thin-disk lasers. In the meantime, an average power of 63W and pulses as short as 329fs at an average power of 40W have been demonstrated [15]. The higher absorption cross section, which allows for the use of thinner disks, the lower quantum defect, and the better thermal conductivity clearly favor the choice of Yb:Lu2O3 over Yb:YAG for high-power applications.

Here, we report on successful power scaling of a femtosecond Yb:Lu2O3 thin disk laser oscillator to an average power of more than 100W. The simplicity of this high-power cavity is the same as for low power cavities, and no additional amplifiers after the laser oscillator are required. We achieved an average power as high as 141W, which is, to the best of our knowledge, the highest average power so far reported from any passively mode-locked laser oscillator. Figure 1 shows the development of the average power of mode-locked thin disk lasers since their first demonstration in 2000.

SESAM mode-locked thin-disk lasers are a very successful technology to reach high output powers [16]. The key components, the thin disk as a gain medium and the SESAM for passive mode locking, are used in reflection and can be cooled efficiently through the back side. To increase the output power, we can increase the pump power by the same amount as the pump area on the disk and the laser mode area on the SESAM. This procedure keeps all critical parameters, such as the pump power density and the saturation parameter of the SESAM, constant. However, according to Magni [17], the stability zone regarding a thermal lens of the gain medium [Δ(1/fdisk), where fdisk is the focal length of the disk] decreases inversely proportional to the mode area on the disk. This means that a larger laser mode on the disk leads to a more sensitive cavity with respect to a thermal lens. On the other hand, the focal power of the disk resulting from a thermal change of the refractive index (dn/dT) decreases for an increasing pump spot. Although these two effects counteract each other, the design of a fundamental mode cavity can become more challenging for larger pump spots, as there are other thermal-induced effects, such as stress, bending, or bulging. This underlines the importance of the thermal properties of the gain material.

In comparison to previous reported results [15], we increased the pump spot from 1.9 to 2.6mm in diameter. We placed the two end mirrors on linear translation stages, which allowed us to continuously adapt the cavity to the change of the thermal lens and, therefore, maintain efficient fundamental mode operation over the total pump power range. Figure 2 shows a picture of the real setup with a sketch and a description of the components underneath. We used a 2  at.% Yb3+-doped Lu2O3 crystal that was grown by the heat exchanger method at the ILP in Hamburg [18]. The crystal was cut and polished to a thickness of 250μm and a wedge of 0.05° to avoid interaction of residual reflections with the main beam. The back side of the disk is coated with a high reflective (HR) coating for both pump and laser wavelength, whereas the front side has an antireflective (AR) coating for the same spectral range. The HR side of the disk is soldered with indium–tin onto a water-cooled copper heat sink. The disk was pumped with a fiber-coupled laser diode emitting at 976.4nm. Wavelength stabilization and the necessary narrow emission bandwidth of the diode have been achieved with a volume Bragg grating [19], resulting in an emission bandwidth of 0.6nm (FWHM). The pump module was aligned for 24 passes of the pump light through the disk and a spot of 2.6mm in diameter. The output coupler mirror had a transmission of 9%. A key element in high-power oscillators is dispersion management. For stable soliton mode locking, one has to find the ideal balance between self-phase modulation (SPM) and negative group delay dispersion (GDD) [20]. A SESAM mode-locked thin disk laser offers good control over the SPM in the cavity, as all components are used in reflection (see Fig. 2). The amount of SPM introduced from the gain material is small, as the laser mode size is in the order of the pump spot size (2.6mm diameter) and the thickness of the crystal is only 250μm. We typically add extra SPM by introducing a fused silica plate at Brewsters angle. However, in the current resonator with an average intracavity power of up to 1.6kW, the SPM contribution of the ambient air becomes significant and the Brewster plate can be omitted. We estimated the total phase shift in air to be about 40mrad and compensated for it with a set of nine GTI-type dispersive mirrors introducing, in total, 9900fs2 of negative GDD per cavity roundtrip. The SESAM had a standard low- finesse design, consisting of a 30-pair GaAs/AlAs Bragg reflector and one 10nm InGaAs quantum well absorber layer. To reduce the electric field in the absorber structure, and therefore increase the saturation fluence, a dielectric top coating—consisting of two layers Ta2O5 with a thickness of 251nm and 126nm with one 178-nm-thick layer SiO2 in between—has been added. The final SESAM had a saturation fluence of 61μJ/cm2, a modulation depth of 0.5%, and negligible nonsaturable losses (<0.1%). The SESAM was operated with a maximum saturation param eter of about 33. In the final configuration, the resonator had a total length of 2.5m, corresponding to a repetition rate of 60MHz. We obtained stable mode-locked operation with an average power starting from 65W up to 141W. To keep the efficiency high while increasing the average power from 65 to 141W, we adapted the cavity length. Altogether, we moved the SESAM toward a shorter cavity by approximately 20cm and simultaneously enlarged the distance between the output coupler and the first mirror by roughly 15cm. The maximum output power was achieved with an incident pump power of 349W, which corresponds to an optical-to-optical efficiency of 40.4%. At a lower output power of 114W, we achieved an even higher optical-to-optical efficiency of 43.8%, which is, to the best of our knowledge, the highest efficiency reported from a mode-locked thin disk laser so far. Given the drop in efficiency of 7.8% and a pump power density of 6.6kW/cm2 for the highest output power, we did not want to risk damage of the crystal by further increasing the pump power without adapting the pump spot diameter, too.

A second-harmonic autocorrelation trace and the optical spectrum of the measured output pulses are shown in Fig. 3. The pulses had an FWHM duration of 738fs and a spectral bandwidth of 1.7nm (FWHM). The time- bandwidth product of 0.352 is close to the ideal theoretical value of 0.315. The pulses had an energy of 2.35μJ and a peak power of 2.8MW. The output beam was close to the diffraction limit with a measured M2<1.2. Single-pulse operation has been confirmed with scanning of the autocorrelator for nearby cross correlations (scanning range 80ps) and a sampling oscilloscope with a 25ps photodiode. We observed a stable linear polarized output of the laser, which was most likely due to stress or tension in the disk. However, for better control over the polarization state, a Brewster plate could be added, for instance, as in [15].

Except for the size of our disk, we did not observe any limiting factors for a further increase of the average power by applying the scaling laws for mode-locked thin-disk lasers. We believe that with an optimized cavity and dispersion management, 500-fs-long pulses like in previous reported results should be possible. The disk used in the experiment was soldered with indium–tin onto a copper heat sink, as is usually done for preliminary tests. State-of-the-art mounting on diamond heat sinks should significantly increase the heat dissipation, reduce the thermal lens, and therefore reduce the need to shift the end mirrors.

We would like to acknowledge financial support by the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNF).

 figure: Fig. 1

Fig. 1 Evolution of the average power from mode-locked thin-disk lasers based on Yb:YAG and Yb:Lu2O3.

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 figure: Fig. 2

Fig. 2 Top, photo of the laser cavity fitting on a footprint of 0.3m by 1.2m. Bottom, schematic view of the photo above: SESAM, semiconductor saturable absorber mirror; HR, curved high-reflective mirror with 2m radius of curvature; DM, GTI-type dispersive mirror; OC, output coupler mirror.

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 figure: Fig. 3

Fig. 3 Second-harmonic autocorrelation and optical spectrum (inset) of the measured pulses (solid red line) with fit curves assuming ideal sech2 pulses (dashed blue line). The pulses had an FWHM duration of 738fs and a spectral bandwidth of 1.7nm (FWHM) centered near 1034nm.

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1. T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, Nat. Photon. 2, 599 (2008). [CrossRef]  

2. O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 97, 369 (2009). [CrossRef]  

3. U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435 (1996). [CrossRef]  

4. E. Innerhofer, T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 82 (2004). [CrossRef]  

5. S. V. Marchese, C. R. E. Baer, A. G. Engqvist, S. Hashimoto, D. J. H. C. Maas, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, Opt. Express 16, 6397 (2008). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

6. J. Neuhaus, D. Bauer, J. Zhang, A. Killi, J. Kleinbauer, M. Kumkar, S. Weiler, M. Guina, D. H. Sutter, and T. Dekorsy, Opt. Express 16, 20530 (2008). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

7. T. Eidam, S. Hanf, E. Seise, T. V. Andersen, T. Gabler, C. Wirth, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 35, 94 (2010). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

8. P. Russbueldt, T. Mans, G. Rotarius, J. Weitenberg, H. D. Hoffmann, and R. Poprawe, Opt. Express 17, 12230 (2009). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

9. T. Südmeyer, C. Kränkel, C. R. E. Baer, O. H. Heckl, C. J. Saraceno, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 97, 281 (2009). [CrossRef]  

10. C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and U. Keller, Opt. Express 17, 10725 (2009). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

11. R. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics (ASSP) (2009).

12. K. Petermann, L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, and V. Peters, Opt. Mater. 19, 67 (2002). [CrossRef]  

13. R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Opt. Express 15, 7075 (2007). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

14. S. V. Marchese, C. R. E. Baer, R. Peters, C. Kränkel, A. G. Engqvist, M. Golling, D. J. H. C. Maas, K. Petermann, T. Südmeyer, G. Huber, and U. Keller, Opt. Express 15, 16966 (2007). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

15. C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 34, 2823 (2009). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

16. A. Giesen and J. Speiser, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 598 (2007). [CrossRef]  

17. V. Magni, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 1962 (1987). [CrossRef]  

18. R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, J. Cryst. Growth 310, 1934 (2008). [CrossRef]  

19. G. B. Venus, A. Sevian, V. I. Smirnov, and L. B. Glebov, in Conference on High-Power Diode Laser Technology and Applications III (2005).

20. F. X. Kärtner and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 20, 16 (1995). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

References

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  1. T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, Nat. Photon. 2, 599 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  2. O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 97, 369 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  3. U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435(1996).
    [Crossref]
  4. E. Innerhofer, T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 82 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  5. S. V. Marchese, C. R. E. Baer, A. G. Engqvist, S. Hashimoto, D. J. H. C. Maas, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, Opt. Express 16, 6397 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. J. Neuhaus, D. Bauer, J. Zhang, A. Killi, J. Kleinbauer, M. Kumkar, S. Weiler, M. Guina, D. H. Sutter, and T. Dekorsy, Opt. Express 16, 20530 (2008).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. T. Eidam, S. Hanf, E. Seise, T. V. Andersen, T. Gabler, C. Wirth, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, Opt. Lett. 35, 94 (2010).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. P. Russbueldt, T. Mans, G. Rotarius, J. Weitenberg, H. D. Hoffmann, and R. Poprawe, Opt. Express 17, 12230 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. T. Südmeyer, C. Kränkel, C. R. E. Baer, O. H. Heckl, C. J. Saraceno, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 97, 281 (2009).
    [Crossref]
  10. C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and U. Keller, Opt. Express 17, 10725 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. R. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics (ASSP) (2009).
  12. K. Petermann, L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, and V. Peters, Opt. Mater. 19, 67 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  13. R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Opt. Express 15, 7075 (2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. S. V. Marchese, C. R. E. Baer, R. Peters, C. Kränkel, A. G. Engqvist, M. Golling, D. J. H. C. Maas, K. Petermann, T. Südmeyer, G. Huber, and U. Keller, Opt. Express 15, 16966(2007).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 34, 2823 (2009).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. A. Giesen and J. Speiser, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 598 (2007).
    [Crossref]
  17. V. Magni, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 1962 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  18. R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, J. Cryst. Growth 310, 1934 (2008).
    [Crossref]
  19. G. B. Venus, A. Sevian, V. I. Smirnov, and L. B. Glebov, in Conference on High-Power Diode Laser Technology and Applications III (2005).
  20. F. X. Kärtner and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 20, 16 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

2010 (1)

2009 (6)

P. Russbueldt, T. Mans, G. Rotarius, J. Weitenberg, H. D. Hoffmann, and R. Poprawe, Opt. Express 17, 12230 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Südmeyer, C. Kränkel, C. R. E. Baer, O. H. Heckl, C. J. Saraceno, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 97, 281 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and U. Keller, Opt. Express 17, 10725 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics (ASSP) (2009).

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 97, 369 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 34, 2823 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2008 (4)

2007 (3)

2005 (1)

G. B. Venus, A. Sevian, V. I. Smirnov, and L. B. Glebov, in Conference on High-Power Diode Laser Technology and Applications III (2005).

2004 (1)

E. Innerhofer, T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 82 (2004).
[Crossref]

2002 (1)

K. Petermann, L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, and V. Peters, Opt. Mater. 19, 67 (2002).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435(1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

1987 (1)

Andersen, T. V.

Aus der Au, J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435(1996).
[Crossref]

Baer, C. R. E.

Bauer, D.

Benabid, F.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 97, 369 (2009).
[Crossref]

Braun, B.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435(1996).
[Crossref]

Brunner, F.

E. Innerhofer, T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 82 (2004).
[Crossref]

Couny, F.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 97, 369 (2009).
[Crossref]

Dekorsy, T.

Eidam, T.

Engqvist, A. G.

Fluck, R.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435(1996).
[Crossref]

Fornasiero, L.

K. Petermann, L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, and V. Peters, Opt. Mater. 19, 67 (2002).
[Crossref]

Gabler, T.

Giesen, A.

A. Giesen and J. Speiser, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 598 (2007).
[Crossref]

Gingras, G.

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, Nat. Photon. 2, 599 (2008).
[Crossref]

Glebov, L. B.

G. B. Venus, A. Sevian, V. I. Smirnov, and L. B. Glebov, in Conference on High-Power Diode Laser Technology and Applications III (2005).

Golling, M.

Guina, M.

Hanf, S.

Hashimoto, S.

S. V. Marchese, C. R. E. Baer, A. G. Engqvist, S. Hashimoto, D. J. H. C. Maas, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, Opt. Express 16, 6397 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, Nat. Photon. 2, 599 (2008).
[Crossref]

Heckl, O. H.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 97, 369 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and U. Keller, Opt. Express 17, 10725 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Südmeyer, C. Kränkel, C. R. E. Baer, O. H. Heckl, C. J. Saraceno, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 97, 281 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 34, 2823 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hoffmann, H. D.

Holler, M.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 97, 369 (2009).
[Crossref]

Hönninger, C.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435(1996).
[Crossref]

Huber, G.

Innerhofer, E.

E. Innerhofer, T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 82 (2004).
[Crossref]

Jung, I. D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435(1996).
[Crossref]

Kärtner, F. X.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435(1996).
[Crossref]

F. X. Kärtner and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 20, 16 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Keller, U.

C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 34, 2823 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and U. Keller, Opt. Express 17, 10725 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Südmeyer, C. Kränkel, C. R. E. Baer, O. H. Heckl, C. J. Saraceno, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 97, 281 (2009).
[Crossref]

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 97, 369 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, Nat. Photon. 2, 599 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. V. Marchese, C. R. E. Baer, A. G. Engqvist, S. Hashimoto, D. J. H. C. Maas, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, Opt. Express 16, 6397 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. V. Marchese, C. R. E. Baer, R. Peters, C. Kränkel, A. G. Engqvist, M. Golling, D. J. H. C. Maas, K. Petermann, T. Südmeyer, G. Huber, and U. Keller, Opt. Express 15, 16966(2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Innerhofer, T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 82 (2004).
[Crossref]

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435(1996).
[Crossref]

F. X. Kärtner and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 20, 16 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Killi, A.

Kleinbauer, J.

Kopf, D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435(1996).
[Crossref]

Kränkel, C.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 97, 369 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. Südmeyer, C. Kränkel, C. R. E. Baer, O. H. Heckl, C. J. Saraceno, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 97, 281 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 34, 2823 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and U. Keller, Opt. Express 17, 10725 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, J. Cryst. Growth 310, 1934 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. V. Marchese, C. R. E. Baer, R. Peters, C. Kränkel, A. G. Engqvist, M. Golling, D. J. H. C. Maas, K. Petermann, T. Südmeyer, G. Huber, and U. Keller, Opt. Express 15, 16966(2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, Opt. Express 15, 7075 (2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kumkar, M.

Light, P.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 97, 369 (2009).
[Crossref]

Limpert, J.

Maas, D. J. H. C.

Magni, V.

Mans, T.

Marchese, S. V.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 97, 369 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, Nat. Photon. 2, 599 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. V. Marchese, C. R. E. Baer, A. G. Engqvist, S. Hashimoto, D. J. H. C. Maas, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, Opt. Express 16, 6397 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. V. Marchese, C. R. E. Baer, R. Peters, C. Kränkel, A. G. Engqvist, M. Golling, D. J. H. C. Maas, K. Petermann, T. Südmeyer, G. Huber, and U. Keller, Opt. Express 15, 16966(2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Matuschek, N.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435(1996).
[Crossref]

Mix, E.

K. Petermann, L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, and V. Peters, Opt. Mater. 19, 67 (2002).
[Crossref]

Neuhaus, J.

Paschotta, R.

E. Innerhofer, T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 82 (2004).
[Crossref]

Petermann, K.

Peters, R.

Peters, V.

K. Petermann, L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, and V. Peters, Opt. Mater. 19, 67 (2002).
[Crossref]

Poprawe, R.

Robinson, J. S.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 97, 369 (2009).
[Crossref]

Rotarius, G.

Russbueldt, P.

Saraceno, C. J.

T. Südmeyer, C. Kränkel, C. R. E. Baer, O. H. Heckl, C. J. Saraceno, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 97, 281 (2009).
[Crossref]

C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 34, 2823 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Schapper, F.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 97, 369 (2009).
[Crossref]

Schreiber, T.

Seise, E.

Sevian, A.

G. B. Venus, A. Sevian, V. I. Smirnov, and L. B. Glebov, in Conference on High-Power Diode Laser Technology and Applications III (2005).

Smirnov, V. I.

G. B. Venus, A. Sevian, V. I. Smirnov, and L. B. Glebov, in Conference on High-Power Diode Laser Technology and Applications III (2005).

Speiser, J.

A. Giesen and J. Speiser, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 598 (2007).
[Crossref]

Südmeyer, T.

C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, C. J. Saraceno, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and U. Keller, Opt. Lett. 34, 2823 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, O. H. Heckl, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and U. Keller, Opt. Express 17, 10725 (2009).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Südmeyer, C. Kränkel, C. R. E. Baer, O. H. Heckl, C. J. Saraceno, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 97, 281 (2009).
[Crossref]

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 97, 369 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, Nat. Photon. 2, 599 (2008).
[Crossref]

S. V. Marchese, C. R. E. Baer, A. G. Engqvist, S. Hashimoto, D. J. H. C. Maas, M. Golling, T. Südmeyer, and U. Keller, Opt. Express 16, 6397 (2008).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. V. Marchese, C. R. E. Baer, R. Peters, C. Kränkel, A. G. Engqvist, M. Golling, D. J. H. C. Maas, K. Petermann, T. Südmeyer, G. Huber, and U. Keller, Opt. Express 15, 16966(2007).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Innerhofer, T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 82 (2004).
[Crossref]

Sutter, D. H.

Tisch, J. W. G.

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 97, 369 (2009).
[Crossref]

Tünnermann, A.

Venus, G. B.

G. B. Venus, A. Sevian, V. I. Smirnov, and L. B. Glebov, in Conference on High-Power Diode Laser Technology and Applications III (2005).

Weiler, S.

Weingarten, K. J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435(1996).
[Crossref]

Weitenberg, J.

Wirth, C.

Witzel, B.

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, Nat. Photon. 2, 599 (2008).
[Crossref]

Zhang, J.

Appl. Phys. B (2)

O. H. Heckl, C. R. E. Baer, C. Kränkel, S. V. Marchese, F. Schapper, M. Holler, T. Südmeyer, J. S. Robinson, J. W. G. Tisch, F. Couny, P. Light, F. Benabid, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 97, 369 (2009).
[Crossref]

T. Südmeyer, C. Kränkel, C. R. E. Baer, O. H. Heckl, C. J. Saraceno, M. Golling, R. Peters, K. Petermann, G. Huber, and U. Keller, Appl. Phys. B 97, 281 (2009).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kärtner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Hönninger, N. Matuschek, and J. Aus der Au, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435(1996).
[Crossref]

A. Giesen and J. Speiser, IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 13, 598 (2007).
[Crossref]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

R. Peters, C. Kränkel, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, J. Cryst. Growth 310, 1934 (2008).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Laser Phys. Lett. (1)

E. Innerhofer, T. Südmeyer, F. Brunner, R. Paschotta, and U. Keller, Laser Phys. Lett. 1, 82 (2004).
[Crossref]

Nat. Photon. (1)

T. Südmeyer, S. V. Marchese, S. Hashimoto, C. R. E. Baer, G. Gingras, B. Witzel, and U. Keller, Nat. Photon. 2, 599 (2008).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Opt. Mater. (1)

K. Petermann, L. Fornasiero, E. Mix, and V. Peters, Opt. Mater. 19, 67 (2002).
[Crossref]

Other (2)

G. B. Venus, A. Sevian, V. I. Smirnov, and L. B. Glebov, in Conference on High-Power Diode Laser Technology and Applications III (2005).

R. Peters, K. Petermann, and G. Huber, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics (ASSP) (2009).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 Evolution of the average power from mode-locked thin-disk lasers based on Yb:YAG and Yb : Lu 2 O 3 .
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 Top, photo of the laser cavity fitting on a footprint of 0.3 m by 1.2 m . Bottom, schematic view of the photo above: SESAM, semiconductor saturable absorber mirror; HR, curved high-reflective mirror with 2 m radius of curvature; DM, GTI-type dispersive mirror; OC, output coupler mirror.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Second-harmonic autocorrelation and optical spectrum (inset) of the measured pulses (solid red line) with fit curves assuming ideal sech 2 pulses (dashed blue line). The pulses had an FWHM duration of 738 fs and a spectral bandwidth of 1.7 nm (FWHM) centered near 1034 nm .

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