Abstract

CdSiP2 is employed in a nanosecond, 90°-phase-matched, singly resonant optical parametric oscillator pumped at 1064nm to produce idler pulses near 6.2μm with an energy as high as 470μJ at 10Hz.

© 2009 Optical Society of America

Owing to the lack of solid-state lasers, the spectral range above 3μm in the mid-IR can be continuously covered only by nonlinear frequency downconversion. Oxide crystals can be pumped by widely used high-power diode-pumped laser systems, such as Nd:YAG, and perform well up to 4μm, but their performance at longer wavelengths is dramatically affected by the onset of multiphonon mid-IR absorption. On the other hand, since efficient frequency conversion is only possible using pulsed laser sources (femtosecond to nanosecond) most of the chalcogenide mid-IR crystals will suffer two-photon absorption (TPA) at the pump wavelength of 1064nm because of their low bandgap. Recently, we compared the properties of all potential candidates that can be pumped near 1064nm, taking into account the TPA, residual absorption, birefringence, effective nonlinearity, thermal conductivity, and limitations related to the growth, availability, and some optomechanical properties [1]. Operation in the nanosecond regime is free of restrictions related to the spectral acceptance or higher-order nonlinear effects and has the best potential for achieving high average power and single-pulse energy. Nanosecond optical parametric oscillators (OPOs), pumped in the 1μm range, have been demonstrated, however, with only 5 of the 14 compounds analyzed in [1]: Ag3AsS3 [2, 3, 4], AgGaS2 [5, 6, 7, 8], HgGa2S4 [9], LiInSe2 [10], and the solid solution CdxHg1xGa2S4 [11]. Apart from the archive Ag3AsS3 [4], oscillation at idler wavelengths exceeding 4.4μm has been demonstrated only with AgGaS2 [7, 8], achieving impressive tunability from 3.9  to 11.3μm [7].

The recently discovered cadmium silicon phosphide, CdSiP2 (CSP) [12], is a negative uniaxial IIIVV2 chalcopyrite compound (space group 42m) that allows 1064nm pumping without TPA with a useful transparency up to 6.5μm, limited by intrinsic multiphonon peaks. As shown in [1] it outperforms all other materials in almost every aspect relevant to high energy/average power generation (see above), with the main problem yet to be solved being the residual absorption close to the bandgap, which is not intrinsic. In addition, it is the only material that, without being a solid solution, still allows noncritical phase matching with a maximum effective nonlinearity of deff=d36=84.5pmV [13]. Here, we demonstrate what we believe to be the first OPO based on this material pumped at 1064nm.

The sample used in the present study (Fig. 1 ) was grown by directional solidification in a modified, high-temperature transparent furnace using the horizontal gradient freeze technique. It was cut at θ=90°, φ=45° and had a length of 8mm. Its aperture was 6mm (alongthecaxis)×6.75mm. The residual losses measured for the relevant polarizations (e for the pump and o for the signal and idler) are 0.198cm1 at 1064nm, 0.114cm1 near 1.3μm, and 0.014cm1 near 6.2μm. Both faces were antireflection (AR) coated for the three wavelengths (pump, signal, and idler), and the eight-layer coating (TwinStar) resulted in averaged reflectivities per surface of 0.35% at 1.064μm, 0.4% at 1.285μm, and 0.5% at 6.2μm.

The OPO cavity used is shown in Fig. 2 . It consisted of two plane mirrors with a separation of 9.5mm. The rear total reflector (TR) was an Ag-mirror (Balzers) with a reflection of >98.5% at the pump, signal, and idler wavelengths. The output coupler (OC) had a transmission of 20% at the signal and 75% at the idler wavelength; hence, the OPO can be considered as singly resonant with double-pass pumping. However, the signal was not totally reflected by the output coupler to avoid extreme intracavity fluence that could damage the crystal. The CSP crystal was pumped through the output mirror, which had a transmission of 82% at 1064nm. The beams were separated by the pump bending mirror, (BM), which had high reflection for the pump (R=98% for p polarization) and transmitted 37% and 64% (s polarization) at the signal and idler wavelengths, respectively. Both the plane-parallel output coupler and the bending mirror were on ZnSe substrates with uncoated rear surfaces.

The pump source was a diode-pumped and electro-optically Q-switched Nd:YAG laser (Innolas) optimized for a repetition rate of 100Hz. According to the specifications, its linewidth amounts to 1cm1, M2 is <1.5, and the divergence is <0.5mrad. The laser generated 100mJ, 14ns (FWHM) pulses with an average power of 10W. The measured energy stability was ±1%. A mechanical shutter (S) with an aperture of 8mm, operating up to 50Hz (nmLaser), was employed to reduce the repetition rate and thus the average pump power. A combination of a half-wave plate (λ2) and a polarizer (P) served to adjust the pump energy. The pump laser was protected by a Faraday isolator, and the separation to the OPO was large enough to avoid feedback during the Q-switching process. The pump beam was not focused and had a Gaussian waist of w1.9mm in the position of the OPO. The output of the OPO, behind the bending mirror, was detected by a calibrated pyroelectric energy meter positioned in front of the focus of a 10cm MgF2 lens (L). Only the idler energy was measured; the residual pump radiation and the signal were blocked by a 2.5μm cut-on filter, F.

Only normal incidence was studied in the present configuration, since the cavity was as short as possible in order to reduce the OPO threshold. In this noncritical scheme, the measured signal wavelength was 1.285μm, corresponding to an idler wavelength of 6.193μm. The calculation using the refined Sellmeier equations [13] gives an idler wavelength of 6.18μm, but this slight deviation corresponds to only 0.6nm at the signal wavelength, which is below the accuracy of the spectrometer. This is a good confirmation for the reliability of the present Sellmeier equations. The duration of the signal pulse, measured by a fast InGaAs photodiode, was 10ns.

The pump threshold was about 1.8mJ (16mJcm2). The threshold can be calculated by using Brosnan and Byer’s formula [14] for a singly resonant OPO with recycled pump. We used the exact experimental parameters, correcting for the pump beam absorption after the first pass and assuming equal (averaged for signal and idler) absorption of 0.064cm1 for the resonated wave. The nonlinear coefficient d36 of CSP was rescaled using Miller’s rule, which gives an effective nonlinearity of deff=92.3pmV for this process [1]. The result for the threshold pump fluence was 29mJcm2. This value correlates better with the experimental peak (on-axial) fluence (32mJcm2), which can be explained by the fact that oscillation starts in the central part of the pump beam. Then the estimated threshold in terms of energy would be 1.65mJ. Note that the fact that the idler is also resonated to some extent (100% reflected by the rear mirror and 25% reflected by the output coupler) is not taken into account in that model.

The maximum idler energy measured at 10Hz repetition rate was 0.47mJ, at an incident pump energy of 21.4mJ. This gives a conversion efficiency of 2.2% for the idler alone or a quantum conversion efficiency of 12.8%. Only slightly lower output powers were observed at 20Hz, which can be attributed to the residual crystal absorption at the pump wavelength. The maximum average output power (idler only), reached in this case, was 9.1mW. The measurements in Fig. 3 extend to an upper limit, where surface damage to the AR coating of the input face was observed. In terms of average fluence (0.22Jcm2), the damage threshold is similar to that reported for AgGaS2 [7]. Since the expectations for CSP are much higher [1], we believe the present damage is related to the AR coating. Single-layer coating is believed to solve this problem in the future. Nevertheless, the output energy level achieved with this very first sample of CSP already exceeds the best result previously reported at such long wavelengths with 1μm pumped OPOs, namely 372μJ at 6μm using AgGaS2 [7]. Moreover, the input/output characteristics in Fig. 3 show no saturation, in contrast to Fig. 4 in [7], which means that power scaling can be expected even without increasing the pump beam diameter.

The OPO linewidth, measured at the signal wavelength using a 1-mm-thick Ag-coated CaF2 Fabry–Pérot etalon, was 52GHz (1.7cm1). This is roughly 3.5 times less than the spectral acceptance for the three-wave nonlinear process. The pulse-to-pulse stability for the idler pulses measured at an output level of 350μJ was ±5%.

Damage tests were performed also extracavity, using 2mm plates with the same AR coating only on the rear side. Damage to this surface developed (from dots to a crack) between 0.4 and 0.5Jcm2 (average fluence). Full damage of the front (uncoated) surface occurred at 10% higher levels, but blackening started already from about 0.1Jcm2. It seems the AR coating helps to avoid the latter effect, but the question of whether the damage threshold is indeed lower in the presence of the signal wave (intracavity) still has no satisfactory answer.

In conclusion, we demonstrated for the first time to our knowledge OPO operation of CSP pumped at 1064nm. Future work will be focused on reduction of the residual loss, improvement of the crystal surface damage resistivity, new cavity designs for maximum extraction of the idler energy, temperature tuning maintaining the noncritical configuration, and power scaling using crystals of larger aperture.

The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community’s Seventh Framework Programme FP7/2007-2011 under grant agreement 224042 and from the U.S. Air Force Research Laboratory Materials and Manufacturing Directorate (ARFL/RXPSO) under contract FA8650-05-C-5425.

 figure: Fig. 1

Fig. 1 (a) AR-coated CSP 17A sample used and (b) its polarized transmission measured prior to coating.

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 figure: Fig. 2

Fig. 2 (a) Experimental setup and (b) photograph of the compact OPO. λ2, half-wave plate; P, polarizer; S, mechanical shutter; F, 2.5μm cut-on filter; L, 10cm MgF2 lens; D, diaphragm; BM, bending mirror; OC, output coupler; TR, total reflector.

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 figure: Fig. 3

Fig. 3 Idler output energy versus incident pump energy on the OPO crystal for two repetition rates.

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1. V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, Proc. SPIE 7197, 7197-21 (2009).

2. E. O. Amman and J. M. Yarborough, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 233 (1970). [CrossRef]  

3. D. C. Hanna, B. Luther-Davies, H. N. Rutt, and R. C. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 34 (1972). [CrossRef]  

4. D. C. Hanna, B. Luther-Davies, and R. C. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 440 (1973). [CrossRef]  

5. Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, and R. L. Byer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 313 (1984). [CrossRef]  

6. P. B. Phua, R. F. Wu, T. C. Chong, and B. X. Xu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, L1661 (1997). [CrossRef]  

7. K. L. Vodopyanov, J. P. Maffetone, I. Zwieback, and W. Rudermann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1204 (1999). [CrossRef]  

8. T.-J. Wang, Z.-H. Kang, H.-Z. Zhang, Q.-Y. He, Y. Qu, Z.-S. Feng, Y. Jiang, J.-Y. Gao, Y. M. Andreev, and G. V. Lanskii, Opt. Express 14, 13001 (2006). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

9. V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seregin, V. V. Sinaiskii, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , Quantum Electron. 33, 831 (2003) [CrossRef]  V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seregin, V. V. Sinaiskii, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 33, 831 (2003)].

10. J.-J. Zondy, V. Vedenyapin, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, L. Isaenko, and V. Petrov, Opt. Lett. 30, 2460 (2005). [CrossRef]   [PubMed]  

11. V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seryogin, V. V. Sinaiskiy, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , Quantum Electron. 35, 853 (2005) [CrossRef]  V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seryogin, V. V. Sinaiskiy, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 35, 853 (2005)].

12. P. G. Schunemann, K. T. Zawilski, T. M. Pollak, D. E. Zelmon, N. C. Fernelius, and F. Kenneth Hopkins, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Conference Program and Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2008), postdeadline paper MG6.

13. P. G. Schunemann, K. T. Zawilski, T. M. Pollak, V. Petrov, and D. E. Zelmon, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Conference Program and Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper TuC6.

14. S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415 (1979). [CrossRef]  

References

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  1. V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, Proc. SPIE 7197, 7197-21 (2009).
  2. E. O. Amman and J. M. Yarborough, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 233 (1970).
    [Crossref]
  3. D. C. Hanna, B. Luther-Davies, H. N. Rutt, and R. C. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 34 (1972).
    [Crossref]
  4. D. C. Hanna, B. Luther-Davies, and R. C. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 440 (1973).
    [Crossref]
  5. Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, and R. L. Byer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 313 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  6. P. B. Phua, R. F. Wu, T. C. Chong, and B. X. Xu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, L1661 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  7. K. L. Vodopyanov, J. P. Maffetone, I. Zwieback, and W. Rudermann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1204 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  8. T.-J. Wang, Z.-H. Kang, H.-Z. Zhang, Q.-Y. He, Y. Qu, Z.-S. Feng, Y. Jiang, J.-Y. Gao, Y. M. Andreev, and G. V. Lanskii, Opt. Express 14, 13001 (2006).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seregin, V. V. Sinaiskii, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , Quantum Electron. 33, 831 (2003)V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seregin, V. V. Sinaiskii, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 33, 831 (2003)].
    [Crossref]
  10. J.-J. Zondy, V. Vedenyapin, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, L. Isaenko, and V. Petrov, Opt. Lett. 30, 2460 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seryogin, V. V. Sinaiskiy, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , Quantum Electron. 35, 853 (2005)V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seryogin, V. V. Sinaiskiy, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 35, 853 (2005)].
    [Crossref]
  12. P. G. Schunemann, K. T. Zawilski, T. M. Pollak, D. E. Zelmon, N. C. Fernelius, and F. Kenneth Hopkins, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Conference Program and Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2008), postdeadline paper MG6.
  13. P. G. Schunemann, K. T. Zawilski, T. M. Pollak, V. Petrov, and D. E. Zelmon, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Conference Program and Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper TuC6.
  14. S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415 (1979).
    [Crossref]

2009 (1)

V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, Proc. SPIE 7197, 7197-21 (2009).

2006 (1)

2005 (2)

J.-J. Zondy, V. Vedenyapin, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, L. Isaenko, and V. Petrov, Opt. Lett. 30, 2460 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seryogin, V. V. Sinaiskiy, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , Quantum Electron. 35, 853 (2005)V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seryogin, V. V. Sinaiskiy, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 35, 853 (2005)].
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seregin, V. V. Sinaiskii, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , Quantum Electron. 33, 831 (2003)V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seregin, V. V. Sinaiskii, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 33, 831 (2003)].
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

K. L. Vodopyanov, J. P. Maffetone, I. Zwieback, and W. Rudermann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1204 (1999).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

P. B. Phua, R. F. Wu, T. C. Chong, and B. X. Xu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, L1661 (1997).
[Crossref]

1984 (1)

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, and R. L. Byer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 313 (1984).
[Crossref]

1979 (1)

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415 (1979).
[Crossref]

1973 (1)

D. C. Hanna, B. Luther-Davies, and R. C. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 440 (1973).
[Crossref]

1972 (1)

D. C. Hanna, B. Luther-Davies, H. N. Rutt, and R. C. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 34 (1972).
[Crossref]

1970 (1)

E. O. Amman and J. M. Yarborough, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 233 (1970).
[Crossref]

Amman, E. O.

E. O. Amman and J. M. Yarborough, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 233 (1970).
[Crossref]

Andreev, Y. M.

Badikov, V. V.

V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seryogin, V. V. Sinaiskiy, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , Quantum Electron. 35, 853 (2005)V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seryogin, V. V. Sinaiskiy, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 35, 853 (2005)].
[Crossref]

V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seregin, V. V. Sinaiskii, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , Quantum Electron. 33, 831 (2003)V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seregin, V. V. Sinaiskii, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 33, 831 (2003)].
[Crossref]

Brosnan, S. J.

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415 (1979).
[Crossref]

Byer, R. L.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, and R. L. Byer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 313 (1984).
[Crossref]

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415 (1979).
[Crossref]

Chong, T. C.

P. B. Phua, R. F. Wu, T. C. Chong, and B. X. Xu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, L1661 (1997).
[Crossref]

Don, A. K.

V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seryogin, V. V. Sinaiskiy, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , Quantum Electron. 35, 853 (2005)V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seryogin, V. V. Sinaiskiy, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 35, 853 (2005)].
[Crossref]

V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seregin, V. V. Sinaiskii, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , Quantum Electron. 33, 831 (2003)V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seregin, V. V. Sinaiskii, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 33, 831 (2003)].
[Crossref]

Eckardt, R. C.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, and R. L. Byer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 313 (1984).
[Crossref]

Fan, Y. X.

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, and R. L. Byer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 313 (1984).
[Crossref]

Feng, Z.-S.

Fernelius, N. C.

P. G. Schunemann, K. T. Zawilski, T. M. Pollak, D. E. Zelmon, N. C. Fernelius, and F. Kenneth Hopkins, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Conference Program and Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2008), postdeadline paper MG6.

Gao, J.-Y.

Hanna, D. C.

D. C. Hanna, B. Luther-Davies, and R. C. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 440 (1973).
[Crossref]

D. C. Hanna, B. Luther-Davies, H. N. Rutt, and R. C. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 34 (1972).
[Crossref]

He, Q.-Y.

Hopkins, F. Kenneth

P. G. Schunemann, K. T. Zawilski, T. M. Pollak, D. E. Zelmon, N. C. Fernelius, and F. Kenneth Hopkins, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Conference Program and Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2008), postdeadline paper MG6.

Isaenko, L.

Jiang, Y.

Kang, Z.-H.

Lanskii, G. V.

Lobanov, S.

Luther-Davies, B.

D. C. Hanna, B. Luther-Davies, and R. C. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 440 (1973).
[Crossref]

D. C. Hanna, B. Luther-Davies, H. N. Rutt, and R. C. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 34 (1972).
[Crossref]

Maffetone, J. P.

K. L. Vodopyanov, J. P. Maffetone, I. Zwieback, and W. Rudermann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1204 (1999).
[Crossref]

Mitin, K. V.

V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seryogin, V. V. Sinaiskiy, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , Quantum Electron. 35, 853 (2005)V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seryogin, V. V. Sinaiskiy, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 35, 853 (2005)].
[Crossref]

V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seregin, V. V. Sinaiskii, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , Quantum Electron. 33, 831 (2003)V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seregin, V. V. Sinaiskii, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 33, 831 (2003)].
[Crossref]

Noack, F.

V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, Proc. SPIE 7197, 7197-21 (2009).

Petrov, V.

V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, Proc. SPIE 7197, 7197-21 (2009).

J.-J. Zondy, V. Vedenyapin, A. Yelisseyev, S. Lobanov, L. Isaenko, and V. Petrov, Opt. Lett. 30, 2460 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. G. Schunemann, K. T. Zawilski, T. M. Pollak, V. Petrov, and D. E. Zelmon, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Conference Program and Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper TuC6.

Phua, P. B.

P. B. Phua, R. F. Wu, T. C. Chong, and B. X. Xu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, L1661 (1997).
[Crossref]

Pollak, T. M.

P. G. Schunemann, K. T. Zawilski, T. M. Pollak, V. Petrov, and D. E. Zelmon, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Conference Program and Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper TuC6.

P. G. Schunemann, K. T. Zawilski, T. M. Pollak, D. E. Zelmon, N. C. Fernelius, and F. Kenneth Hopkins, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Conference Program and Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2008), postdeadline paper MG6.

Qu, Y.

Rudermann, W.

K. L. Vodopyanov, J. P. Maffetone, I. Zwieback, and W. Rudermann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1204 (1999).
[Crossref]

Rutt, H. N.

D. C. Hanna, B. Luther-Davies, H. N. Rutt, and R. C. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 34 (1972).
[Crossref]

Schebetova, N. I.

V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seryogin, V. V. Sinaiskiy, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , Quantum Electron. 35, 853 (2005)V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seryogin, V. V. Sinaiskiy, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 35, 853 (2005)].
[Crossref]

V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seregin, V. V. Sinaiskii, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , Quantum Electron. 33, 831 (2003)V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seregin, V. V. Sinaiskii, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 33, 831 (2003)].
[Crossref]

Schunemann, P.

V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, Proc. SPIE 7197, 7197-21 (2009).

Schunemann, P. G.

P. G. Schunemann, K. T. Zawilski, T. M. Pollak, D. E. Zelmon, N. C. Fernelius, and F. Kenneth Hopkins, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Conference Program and Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2008), postdeadline paper MG6.

P. G. Schunemann, K. T. Zawilski, T. M. Pollak, V. Petrov, and D. E. Zelmon, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Conference Program and Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper TuC6.

Seregin, A. M.

V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seregin, V. V. Sinaiskii, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , Quantum Electron. 33, 831 (2003)V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seregin, V. V. Sinaiskii, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 33, 831 (2003)].
[Crossref]

Seryogin, A. M.

V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seryogin, V. V. Sinaiskiy, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , Quantum Electron. 35, 853 (2005)V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seryogin, V. V. Sinaiskiy, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 35, 853 (2005)].
[Crossref]

Sinaiskii, V. V.

V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seregin, V. V. Sinaiskii, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , Quantum Electron. 33, 831 (2003)V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seregin, V. V. Sinaiskii, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 33, 831 (2003)].
[Crossref]

Sinaiskiy, V. V.

V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seryogin, V. V. Sinaiskiy, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , Quantum Electron. 35, 853 (2005)V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seryogin, V. V. Sinaiskiy, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 35, 853 (2005)].
[Crossref]

Smith, R. C.

D. C. Hanna, B. Luther-Davies, and R. C. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 440 (1973).
[Crossref]

D. C. Hanna, B. Luther-Davies, H. N. Rutt, and R. C. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 34 (1972).
[Crossref]

Tunchev, I.

V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, Proc. SPIE 7197, 7197-21 (2009).

Vedenyapin, V.

Vodopyanov, K. L.

K. L. Vodopyanov, J. P. Maffetone, I. Zwieback, and W. Rudermann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1204 (1999).
[Crossref]

Wang, T.-J.

Wu, R. F.

P. B. Phua, R. F. Wu, T. C. Chong, and B. X. Xu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, L1661 (1997).
[Crossref]

Xu, B. X.

P. B. Phua, R. F. Wu, T. C. Chong, and B. X. Xu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, L1661 (1997).
[Crossref]

Yarborough, J. M.

E. O. Amman and J. M. Yarborough, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 233 (1970).
[Crossref]

Yelisseyev, A.

Zawilski, K.

V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, Proc. SPIE 7197, 7197-21 (2009).

Zawilski, K. T.

P. G. Schunemann, K. T. Zawilski, T. M. Pollak, V. Petrov, and D. E. Zelmon, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Conference Program and Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper TuC6.

P. G. Schunemann, K. T. Zawilski, T. M. Pollak, D. E. Zelmon, N. C. Fernelius, and F. Kenneth Hopkins, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Conference Program and Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2008), postdeadline paper MG6.

Zelmon, D. E.

P. G. Schunemann, K. T. Zawilski, T. M. Pollak, D. E. Zelmon, N. C. Fernelius, and F. Kenneth Hopkins, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Conference Program and Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2008), postdeadline paper MG6.

P. G. Schunemann, K. T. Zawilski, T. M. Pollak, V. Petrov, and D. E. Zelmon, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Conference Program and Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper TuC6.

Zhang, H.-Z.

Zondy, J.-J.

Zwieback, I.

K. L. Vodopyanov, J. P. Maffetone, I. Zwieback, and W. Rudermann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1204 (1999).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

E. O. Amman and J. M. Yarborough, Appl. Phys. Lett. 17, 233 (1970).
[Crossref]

D. C. Hanna, B. Luther-Davies, H. N. Rutt, and R. C. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 20, 34 (1972).
[Crossref]

D. C. Hanna, B. Luther-Davies, and R. C. Smith, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 440 (1973).
[Crossref]

Y. X. Fan, R. C. Eckardt, and R. L. Byer, Appl. Phys. Lett. 45, 313 (1984).
[Crossref]

K. L. Vodopyanov, J. P. Maffetone, I. Zwieback, and W. Rudermann, Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 1204 (1999).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415 (1979).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

P. B. Phua, R. F. Wu, T. C. Chong, and B. X. Xu, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 36, L1661 (1997).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. SPIE (1)

V. Petrov, F. Noack, I. Tunchev, P. Schunemann, and K. Zawilski, Proc. SPIE 7197, 7197-21 (2009).

Quantum Electron. (2)

V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seregin, V. V. Sinaiskii, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , Quantum Electron. 33, 831 (2003)V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seregin, V. V. Sinaiskii, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 33, 831 (2003)].
[Crossref]

V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seryogin, V. V. Sinaiskiy, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , Quantum Electron. 35, 853 (2005)V. V. Badikov, A. K. Don, K. V. Mitin, A. M. Seryogin, V. V. Sinaiskiy, and N. I. Schebetova, , , , , and , [transl. from Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 35, 853 (2005)].
[Crossref]

Other (2)

P. G. Schunemann, K. T. Zawilski, T. M. Pollak, D. E. Zelmon, N. C. Fernelius, and F. Kenneth Hopkins, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Conference Program and Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2008), postdeadline paper MG6.

P. G. Schunemann, K. T. Zawilski, T. M. Pollak, V. Petrov, and D. E. Zelmon, in Advanced Solid-State Photonics, Conference Program and Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2008), paper TuC6.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1 (a) AR-coated CSP 17A sample used and (b) its polarized transmission measured prior to coating.
Fig. 2
Fig. 2 (a) Experimental setup and (b) photograph of the compact OPO. λ 2 , half-wave plate; P, polarizer; S, mechanical shutter; F, 2.5 μ m cut-on filter; L, 10 cm Mg F 2 lens; D, diaphragm; BM, bending mirror; OC, output coupler; TR, total reflector.
Fig. 3
Fig. 3 Idler output energy versus incident pump energy on the OPO crystal for two repetition rates.

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