Abstract

We have observed beam coupling and degenerate four-wave mixing in high-resistivity, undoped GaAs at 1.06 μm that is due to the photorefractive effect. The photorefractive species is thought to be the deep donor EL2. The measured values of two-wave gain are comparable with those measured in Bi12SiO20. The response time is measured to be 20 μsec at an intensity of 4 W/cm2. This exceptionally fast photorefractive response time (compared with that of oxide electro-optic materials) is due primarily to the large mobility of GaAs.

© 1984 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. M. Glass, in Technical Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1983), paper WhI.
  2. A. M. Glass, A. M. Johnson, D. H. Olson, W. Simpson, A. A. Ballman, Appl. Phys. Lett. (to be published).
  3. M. Sugie, K. Tada, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 15, 421 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Kaminska, M. Skowronski, J. Lagowski, J. M. Parsey, H. C. Gatos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 302 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. M. Glass, Opt. Eng. 17, 470 (1978).
  6. G. C. Valley, M. B. Klein, Opt. Eng. 22, 704 (1983).
  7. J. Feinberg, R. W. Hellwarth, Opt. Lett. 5, 519 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. B. Fischer, M. Cronin-Golomb, J. O. White, A. Yariv, R. Neurgaonkar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 863 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Marrakchi, J. P. Huignard, P. Gunter, Appl. Phys. 24, 131 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Rajbenbach, J. P. Huignard, B. Loiseaux, Opt. Commun. 48, 247 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  11. N. V. Kukhtarev, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 2, 438 (1976).
  12. N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 961 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  13. G. M. Martin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 747 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. T. Hunter, R. Baron, Hughes Research Laboratories, Malibu, California 90265 (personal communication).

1983 (3)

M. Kaminska, M. Skowronski, J. Lagowski, J. M. Parsey, H. C. Gatos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 302 (1983).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Valley, M. B. Klein, Opt. Eng. 22, 704 (1983).

H. Rajbenbach, J. P. Huignard, B. Loiseaux, Opt. Commun. 48, 247 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

B. Fischer, M. Cronin-Golomb, J. O. White, A. Yariv, R. Neurgaonkar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 863 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981 (2)

A. Marrakchi, J. P. Huignard, P. Gunter, Appl. Phys. 24, 131 (1981).
[CrossRef]

G. M. Martin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 747 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

1979 (1)

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 961 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

A. M. Glass, Opt. Eng. 17, 470 (1978).

1976 (2)

M. Sugie, K. Tada, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 15, 421 (1976).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Kukhtarev, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 2, 438 (1976).

Ballman, A. A.

A. M. Glass, A. M. Johnson, D. H. Olson, W. Simpson, A. A. Ballman, Appl. Phys. Lett. (to be published).

Baron, R.

A. T. Hunter, R. Baron, Hughes Research Laboratories, Malibu, California 90265 (personal communication).

Cronin-Golomb, M.

B. Fischer, M. Cronin-Golomb, J. O. White, A. Yariv, R. Neurgaonkar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 863 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Feinberg, J.

Fischer, B.

B. Fischer, M. Cronin-Golomb, J. O. White, A. Yariv, R. Neurgaonkar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 863 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Gatos, H. C.

M. Kaminska, M. Skowronski, J. Lagowski, J. M. Parsey, H. C. Gatos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 302 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Glass, A. M.

A. M. Glass, Opt. Eng. 17, 470 (1978).

A. M. Glass, in Technical Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1983), paper WhI.

A. M. Glass, A. M. Johnson, D. H. Olson, W. Simpson, A. A. Ballman, Appl. Phys. Lett. (to be published).

Gunter, P.

A. Marrakchi, J. P. Huignard, P. Gunter, Appl. Phys. 24, 131 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Hellwarth, R. W.

Huignard, J. P.

H. Rajbenbach, J. P. Huignard, B. Loiseaux, Opt. Commun. 48, 247 (1983).
[CrossRef]

A. Marrakchi, J. P. Huignard, P. Gunter, Appl. Phys. 24, 131 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Hunter, A. T.

A. T. Hunter, R. Baron, Hughes Research Laboratories, Malibu, California 90265 (personal communication).

Johnson, A. M.

A. M. Glass, A. M. Johnson, D. H. Olson, W. Simpson, A. A. Ballman, Appl. Phys. Lett. (to be published).

Kaminska, M.

M. Kaminska, M. Skowronski, J. Lagowski, J. M. Parsey, H. C. Gatos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 302 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Klein, M. B.

G. C. Valley, M. B. Klein, Opt. Eng. 22, 704 (1983).

Kukhtarev, N. V.

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 961 (1979).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Kukhtarev, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 2, 438 (1976).

Lagowski, J.

M. Kaminska, M. Skowronski, J. Lagowski, J. M. Parsey, H. C. Gatos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 302 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Loiseaux, B.

H. Rajbenbach, J. P. Huignard, B. Loiseaux, Opt. Commun. 48, 247 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Markov, V. B.

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 961 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Marrakchi, A.

A. Marrakchi, J. P. Huignard, P. Gunter, Appl. Phys. 24, 131 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Martin, G. M.

G. M. Martin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 747 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Neurgaonkar, R.

B. Fischer, M. Cronin-Golomb, J. O. White, A. Yariv, R. Neurgaonkar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 863 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Odulov, S. G.

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 961 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Olson, D. H.

A. M. Glass, A. M. Johnson, D. H. Olson, W. Simpson, A. A. Ballman, Appl. Phys. Lett. (to be published).

Parsey, J. M.

M. Kaminska, M. Skowronski, J. Lagowski, J. M. Parsey, H. C. Gatos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 302 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Rajbenbach, H.

H. Rajbenbach, J. P. Huignard, B. Loiseaux, Opt. Commun. 48, 247 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Simpson, W.

A. M. Glass, A. M. Johnson, D. H. Olson, W. Simpson, A. A. Ballman, Appl. Phys. Lett. (to be published).

Skowronski, M.

M. Kaminska, M. Skowronski, J. Lagowski, J. M. Parsey, H. C. Gatos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 302 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Soskin, M. S.

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 961 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Sugie, M.

M. Sugie, K. Tada, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 15, 421 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Tada, K.

M. Sugie, K. Tada, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 15, 421 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Valley, G. C.

G. C. Valley, M. B. Klein, Opt. Eng. 22, 704 (1983).

Vinetskii, V. L.

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 961 (1979).
[CrossRef]

White, J. O.

B. Fischer, M. Cronin-Golomb, J. O. White, A. Yariv, R. Neurgaonkar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 863 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

B. Fischer, M. Cronin-Golomb, J. O. White, A. Yariv, R. Neurgaonkar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 863 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. (1)

A. Marrakchi, J. P. Huignard, P. Gunter, Appl. Phys. 24, 131 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

B. Fischer, M. Cronin-Golomb, J. O. White, A. Yariv, R. Neurgaonkar, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 863 (1982).
[CrossRef]

M. Kaminska, M. Skowronski, J. Lagowski, J. M. Parsey, H. C. Gatos, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 302 (1983).
[CrossRef]

G. M. Martin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 747 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Ferroelectrics (1)

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 961 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Sugie, K. Tada, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 15, 421 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

H. Rajbenbach, J. P. Huignard, B. Loiseaux, Opt. Commun. 48, 247 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (2)

A. M. Glass, Opt. Eng. 17, 470 (1978).

G. C. Valley, M. B. Klein, Opt. Eng. 22, 704 (1983).

Opt. Lett. (1)

Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. (1)

N. V. Kukhtarev, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 2, 438 (1976).

Other (3)

A. M. Glass, in Technical Digest of Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1983), paper WhI.

A. M. Glass, A. M. Johnson, D. H. Olson, W. Simpson, A. A. Ballman, Appl. Phys. Lett. (to be published).

A. T. Hunter, R. Baron, Hughes Research Laboratories, Malibu, California 90265 (personal communication).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Absorption spectrum of undoped semi-insulating GaAs sample used for beam-coupling experiments.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Beam notation and crystal orientation for beam-coupling experiments in undoped GaAs.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Two-wave gain coefficient versus grating spacing in undoped GaAs.

Equations (10)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Δ n = ½ n 3 r eff E sc ,
τ = τ di f ( Λ g , E 0 ) ,
τ di = / 4 π e α μ τ R I 0 ,
f ( Λ g , 0 ) 1 + 4 π 2 μ τ R k B T e Λ g 2 ,
τ π k B T / e 2 α I 0 Λ g 2 .
I S ( L ) I S ( 0 ) = I R ( 0 ) exp ( Γ L ) I R ( 0 ) + I S ( 0 ) exp ( Γ L ) ,
I S ( L ) = I S ( 0 ) exp ( Γ L ) .
I S ( L ) = I S ( 0 ) exp [ ( Γ α ) L ] .
γ 0 = I S ( L ) with reference wave I S ( L ) without reference wave .
Γ = 2 π n 3 r 41 E s c / λ cos θ ,

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