Abstract

By using three-photon excitation at 291.7 nm of the n = 4 hydrogen level and observing Balmer-β radiation at 486.1 nm, hydrogen atoms in an atmospheric C2H2/O2 flame have been detected. Other schemes for hydrogen detection were also tried, and the results are discussed.

© 1984 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. T. W. Hänsch, S. A. Lee, R. Wallenstein, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 307 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. E. M. Goldsmith, Opt. Lett. 7, 487 (1982).
  3. G. C. Bjorklund, C. P. Ausschnitt, R. R. Freeman, R. H. Storz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 54 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. Aldén, H. Edner, P. Grafström, S. Svanberg, Opt. Commun. 42, 244 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. P. Lucht, J. T. Salmon, G. B. King, D. W. Sweeney, N. M. Laurendeau, Opt. Lett. 8, 365 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Bokor, R. R. Freeman, J. C. White, R. H. Storz, Phys. Rev. A 24, 612 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. J. H. Tjossem, T. A. Cool, Chem. Phys. Lett. 100, 479 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. C. Bjorklund, R. R. Freeman, R. H. Storz, Opt. Commun. 31, 47 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. H. Dieke, H. M. Crosswhite, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 2, 97 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Aldén, H. Edner, G. Holmstedt, S. Svanberg, T. Högberg, Appl. Opt. 21, 1236 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. G. Kychakoff, R. D. Howe, R. K. Hanson, J. C. McDaniel, Appl. Opt. 21, 3225 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. M. J. Dyer, D. R. Crosley, Opt. Lett. 7, 382 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. A. G. Gaydon, A. G. Wolfhard, Flames: Their Structure, Radiation, and Temperature” (Chapman & Hall, London, 1979).

1983 (2)

1982 (5)

1981 (1)

J. Bokor, R. R. Freeman, J. C. White, R. H. Storz, Phys. Rev. A 24, 612 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

G. C. Bjorklund, R. R. Freeman, R. H. Storz, Opt. Commun. 31, 47 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978 (1)

G. C. Bjorklund, C. P. Ausschnitt, R. R. Freeman, R. H. Storz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 54 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

T. W. Hänsch, S. A. Lee, R. Wallenstein, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 307 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1962 (1)

G. H. Dieke, H. M. Crosswhite, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 2, 97 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Aldén, M.

M. Aldén, H. Edner, P. Grafström, S. Svanberg, Opt. Commun. 42, 244 (1982).
[CrossRef]

M. Aldén, H. Edner, G. Holmstedt, S. Svanberg, T. Högberg, Appl. Opt. 21, 1236 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ausschnitt, C. P.

G. C. Bjorklund, C. P. Ausschnitt, R. R. Freeman, R. H. Storz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 54 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Bjorklund, G. C.

G. C. Bjorklund, R. R. Freeman, R. H. Storz, Opt. Commun. 31, 47 (1979).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Bjorklund, C. P. Ausschnitt, R. R. Freeman, R. H. Storz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 54 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Bokor, J.

J. Bokor, R. R. Freeman, J. C. White, R. H. Storz, Phys. Rev. A 24, 612 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Cool, T. A.

P. J. H. Tjossem, T. A. Cool, Chem. Phys. Lett. 100, 479 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Crosley, D. R.

Crosswhite, H. M.

G. H. Dieke, H. M. Crosswhite, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 2, 97 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Dieke, G. H.

G. H. Dieke, H. M. Crosswhite, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 2, 97 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Dyer, M. J.

Edner, H.

M. Aldén, H. Edner, G. Holmstedt, S. Svanberg, T. Högberg, Appl. Opt. 21, 1236 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Aldén, H. Edner, P. Grafström, S. Svanberg, Opt. Commun. 42, 244 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Freeman, R. R.

J. Bokor, R. R. Freeman, J. C. White, R. H. Storz, Phys. Rev. A 24, 612 (1981).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Bjorklund, R. R. Freeman, R. H. Storz, Opt. Commun. 31, 47 (1979).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Bjorklund, C. P. Ausschnitt, R. R. Freeman, R. H. Storz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 54 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Gaydon, A. G.

A. G. Gaydon, A. G. Wolfhard, Flames: Their Structure, Radiation, and Temperature” (Chapman & Hall, London, 1979).

Goldsmith, J. E. M.

J. E. M. Goldsmith, Opt. Lett. 7, 487 (1982).

Grafström, P.

M. Aldén, H. Edner, P. Grafström, S. Svanberg, Opt. Commun. 42, 244 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

T. W. Hänsch, S. A. Lee, R. Wallenstein, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 307 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Hanson, R. K.

Högberg, T.

Holmstedt, G.

Howe, R. D.

King, G. B.

Kychakoff, G.

Laurendeau, N. M.

Lee, S. A.

T. W. Hänsch, S. A. Lee, R. Wallenstein, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 307 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Lucht, R. P.

McDaniel, J. C.

Salmon, J. T.

Storz, R. H.

J. Bokor, R. R. Freeman, J. C. White, R. H. Storz, Phys. Rev. A 24, 612 (1981).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Bjorklund, R. R. Freeman, R. H. Storz, Opt. Commun. 31, 47 (1979).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Bjorklund, C. P. Ausschnitt, R. R. Freeman, R. H. Storz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 54 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Svanberg, S.

M. Aldén, H. Edner, P. Grafström, S. Svanberg, Opt. Commun. 42, 244 (1982).
[CrossRef]

M. Aldén, H. Edner, G. Holmstedt, S. Svanberg, T. Högberg, Appl. Opt. 21, 1236 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sweeney, D. W.

Tjossem, P. J. H.

P. J. H. Tjossem, T. A. Cool, Chem. Phys. Lett. 100, 479 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

T. W. Hänsch, S. A. Lee, R. Wallenstein, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 307 (1975).
[CrossRef]

White, J. C.

J. Bokor, R. R. Freeman, J. C. White, R. H. Storz, Phys. Rev. A 24, 612 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Wieman, C.

T. W. Hänsch, S. A. Lee, R. Wallenstein, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 307 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Wolfhard, A. G.

A. G. Gaydon, A. G. Wolfhard, Flames: Their Structure, Radiation, and Temperature” (Chapman & Hall, London, 1979).

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

G. C. Bjorklund, C. P. Ausschnitt, R. R. Freeman, R. H. Storz, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 54 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

P. J. H. Tjossem, T. A. Cool, Chem. Phys. Lett. 100, 479 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer (1)

G. H. Dieke, H. M. Crosswhite, J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transfer 2, 97 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

G. C. Bjorklund, R. R. Freeman, R. H. Storz, Opt. Commun. 31, 47 (1979).
[CrossRef]

M. Aldén, H. Edner, P. Grafström, S. Svanberg, Opt. Commun. 42, 244 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

J. Bokor, R. R. Freeman, J. C. White, R. H. Storz, Phys. Rev. A 24, 612 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

T. W. Hänsch, S. A. Lee, R. Wallenstein, C. Wieman, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 307 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

A. G. Gaydon, A. G. Wolfhard, Flames: Their Structure, Radiation, and Temperature” (Chapman & Hall, London, 1979).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Multiphoton schemes for hydrogen-atom monitoring using optogalvanic or optical detection.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Excitation spectrum for the three-photon transition to the 4p state. Optical detection at 486 nm was used. The measurement was performed at 9-mJ pulse energy on an atmospheric C2H2/O2 flame (left). Corresponding fluorescence spectra close to the Hβ line for the laser set on resonance and off resonance (right).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Optogalvanic recording of the three-photon transition to the 2p state obtained from a CH4/O2 flat flame at 80 Torr. A pulse energy of 5 mJ was used (top). Corresponding recording for a hydrogen diffusion flame at atmospheric pressure. Only molecular interference is recorded (bottom).

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