Abstract

By using combined frequency and amplitude modulation of a cleaved-coupled-cavity semiconductor laser together with a phase-sensitive detection scheme, we have measured the chromatic dispersion in a single-mode silica fiber. The method presented can measure dispersion down to 0.03 psec/nm km and, with a slight modification to the measurement routine, also measure the total propagation time with a 10−7 accuracy.

© 1984 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. L. G. Cohen, C. Lin, Appl. Opt. 16, 3136 (1977).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. C. Lin, A. R. Tynes, A. Tomita, P. L. Liu, in Digest of Fifth Topical Meeting on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1982), paper WAA4.
  3. G. Coppa, P. DiVita, M. Potenza, U. Rossi, Electron Lett. 19, 731 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  4. W. T. Tsang, N. A. Olsson, R. A. Logan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 650 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Ozeki, A. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 382 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. Costa, D. Mazzoni, M. Puelo, E. Vezzoni, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1509 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  7. L. Levnhomme, P. Lamouler, Opt. Quantum Electron. 12, 57 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  8. I. P. Kaminow, J. S. Ko, R. A. Linke, L. W. Stultz, Electron. Lett. (to be published).
  9. R. A. Logan, J. P. van der Ziel, H. Temkin, C. H. Henry, Electron Lett. 18, 895 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  10. D. T. Wilt, P. Besomi, P. D. Wright, R. J. Nelson, AT&T Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, New Jersey 07974 (personal communication).
  11. A. Sugimura, K. Daikoku, N. Imoto, T. Miga, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 215 (1980).
    [CrossRef]

1983 (2)

G. Coppa, P. DiVita, M. Potenza, U. Rossi, Electron Lett. 19, 731 (1983).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Tsang, N. A. Olsson, R. A. Logan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 650 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1982 (2)

B. Costa, D. Mazzoni, M. Puelo, E. Vezzoni, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1509 (1982).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Logan, J. P. van der Ziel, H. Temkin, C. H. Henry, Electron Lett. 18, 895 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1980 (2)

A. Sugimura, K. Daikoku, N. Imoto, T. Miga, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 215 (1980).
[CrossRef]

L. Levnhomme, P. Lamouler, Opt. Quantum Electron. 12, 57 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

1976 (1)

T. Ozeki, A. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 382 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Besomi, P.

D. T. Wilt, P. Besomi, P. D. Wright, R. J. Nelson, AT&T Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, New Jersey 07974 (personal communication).

Cohen, L. G.

Coppa, G.

G. Coppa, P. DiVita, M. Potenza, U. Rossi, Electron Lett. 19, 731 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Costa, B.

B. Costa, D. Mazzoni, M. Puelo, E. Vezzoni, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1509 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Daikoku, K.

A. Sugimura, K. Daikoku, N. Imoto, T. Miga, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 215 (1980).
[CrossRef]

DiVita, P.

G. Coppa, P. DiVita, M. Potenza, U. Rossi, Electron Lett. 19, 731 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Henry, C. H.

R. A. Logan, J. P. van der Ziel, H. Temkin, C. H. Henry, Electron Lett. 18, 895 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Imoto, N.

A. Sugimura, K. Daikoku, N. Imoto, T. Miga, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 215 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Kaminow, I. P.

I. P. Kaminow, J. S. Ko, R. A. Linke, L. W. Stultz, Electron. Lett. (to be published).

Ko, J. S.

I. P. Kaminow, J. S. Ko, R. A. Linke, L. W. Stultz, Electron. Lett. (to be published).

Lamouler, P.

L. Levnhomme, P. Lamouler, Opt. Quantum Electron. 12, 57 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Levnhomme, L.

L. Levnhomme, P. Lamouler, Opt. Quantum Electron. 12, 57 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

L. G. Cohen, C. Lin, Appl. Opt. 16, 3136 (1977).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Lin, A. R. Tynes, A. Tomita, P. L. Liu, in Digest of Fifth Topical Meeting on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1982), paper WAA4.

Linke, R. A.

I. P. Kaminow, J. S. Ko, R. A. Linke, L. W. Stultz, Electron. Lett. (to be published).

Liu, P. L.

C. Lin, A. R. Tynes, A. Tomita, P. L. Liu, in Digest of Fifth Topical Meeting on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1982), paper WAA4.

Logan, R. A.

W. T. Tsang, N. A. Olsson, R. A. Logan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 650 (1983).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Logan, J. P. van der Ziel, H. Temkin, C. H. Henry, Electron Lett. 18, 895 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Mazzoni, D.

B. Costa, D. Mazzoni, M. Puelo, E. Vezzoni, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1509 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Miga, T.

A. Sugimura, K. Daikoku, N. Imoto, T. Miga, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 215 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, R. J.

D. T. Wilt, P. Besomi, P. D. Wright, R. J. Nelson, AT&T Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, New Jersey 07974 (personal communication).

Olsson, N. A.

W. T. Tsang, N. A. Olsson, R. A. Logan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 650 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Ozeki, T.

T. Ozeki, A. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 382 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Potenza, M.

G. Coppa, P. DiVita, M. Potenza, U. Rossi, Electron Lett. 19, 731 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Puelo, M.

B. Costa, D. Mazzoni, M. Puelo, E. Vezzoni, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1509 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Rossi, U.

G. Coppa, P. DiVita, M. Potenza, U. Rossi, Electron Lett. 19, 731 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Stultz, L. W.

I. P. Kaminow, J. S. Ko, R. A. Linke, L. W. Stultz, Electron. Lett. (to be published).

Sugimura, A.

A. Sugimura, K. Daikoku, N. Imoto, T. Miga, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 215 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Temkin, H.

R. A. Logan, J. P. van der Ziel, H. Temkin, C. H. Henry, Electron Lett. 18, 895 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Tomita, A.

C. Lin, A. R. Tynes, A. Tomita, P. L. Liu, in Digest of Fifth Topical Meeting on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1982), paper WAA4.

Tsang, W. T.

W. T. Tsang, N. A. Olsson, R. A. Logan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 650 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Tynes, A. R.

C. Lin, A. R. Tynes, A. Tomita, P. L. Liu, in Digest of Fifth Topical Meeting on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1982), paper WAA4.

van der Ziel, J. P.

R. A. Logan, J. P. van der Ziel, H. Temkin, C. H. Henry, Electron Lett. 18, 895 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Vezzoni, E.

B. Costa, D. Mazzoni, M. Puelo, E. Vezzoni, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1509 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, A.

T. Ozeki, A. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 382 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Wilt, D. T.

D. T. Wilt, P. Besomi, P. D. Wright, R. J. Nelson, AT&T Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, New Jersey 07974 (personal communication).

Wright, P. D.

D. T. Wilt, P. Besomi, P. D. Wright, R. J. Nelson, AT&T Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, New Jersey 07974 (personal communication).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

W. T. Tsang, N. A. Olsson, R. A. Logan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 650 (1983).
[CrossRef]

T. Ozeki, A. Watanabe, Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 382 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Electron Lett. (2)

G. Coppa, P. DiVita, M. Potenza, U. Rossi, Electron Lett. 19, 731 (1983).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Logan, J. P. van der Ziel, H. Temkin, C. H. Henry, Electron Lett. 18, 895 (1982).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

B. Costa, D. Mazzoni, M. Puelo, E. Vezzoni, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1509 (1982).
[CrossRef]

A. Sugimura, K. Daikoku, N. Imoto, T. Miga, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 215 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. Levnhomme, P. Lamouler, Opt. Quantum Electron. 12, 57 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

I. P. Kaminow, J. S. Ko, R. A. Linke, L. W. Stultz, Electron. Lett. (to be published).

D. T. Wilt, P. Besomi, P. D. Wright, R. J. Nelson, AT&T Bell Laboratories, Murray Hill, New Jersey 07974 (personal communication).

C. Lin, A. R. Tynes, A. Tomita, P. L. Liu, in Digest of Fifth Topical Meeting on Optical Fiber Communication (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1982), paper WAA4.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup. The phase of the D2 detector signal is compared with the reference phase obtained from detector D1.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Oscilloscope traces of the detected signals transmitted through the fiber at wavelengths 1.5178, 1.5200, 1.5224, 1.5247, and 1.5269 μm. (b) The Lissajou pattern of the above signals.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The measured propagation delays for wavelengths around (a) 1.52 μm, (b) 1.33 μm, and (c) 0.85 μm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured phase shifts for wavelengths 1.5178, 1.5200, 1.5224, 1.5247, and 1.5269 μm at a modulation frequency of 1 GHz and a fiber length of 12 m.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured phase shift versus frequency shift of the modulation signal. The measurement was made at λ = 1.5247 μm with the center modulation frequency around 200 MHz.

Equations (4)

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S ( t ) ~ cos [ 2 π f ( t τ ) + ϕ 0 ] .
ϕ ( f , λ ) = ϕ 0 + 2 π f τ ( λ ) .
τ ( λ ) = 1 2 π d ϕ d f
D 1 l d τ d λ = 1 2 π f l d ϕ d λ ,

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