Abstract

Stimulated four-photon mixing (SFPM) has been observed up to four orders in a 300-m-long, low-loss, large-core multimode silica fiber pumped by a dual-frequency dye laser. The phase-matching condition for SFPM was uncritically achieved in the multimode fiber, so that, by varying the frequency separation of the two laser lines, it was possible to tune continuously an intense line generated by SFPM under the Raman-gain curve in the range of 350 to 495 cm−1.

© 1984 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. H. Stolen, “Nonlinear properties of optical fibers,” in Optical Fiber Telecommunications, S. Miller, A. Chynoweth, eds. (Academic, New York, 1979), p. 125.
  2. C. Lin, J. Opt. Commun. 4, 2 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. Lin, L. G. Cohen, R. H. Stolen, G. W. Tasker, W. G. French, Opt. Commun. 20, 426 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. Pei-Juan, N. Cao-Jiang, Y. Tian-Long, S. Hai-Zheng, Appl. Phys. 24, 303 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. Pini, M. Mazzoni, R. Salimbeni, M. Matera, C. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 6 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. Pini, R. Salimbeni, M. Matera, C. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 517 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. H. Stolen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 100 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Opt. 20, 1075 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. C. Lin, M. A. Bösch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 479 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. Pini, R. Salimbeni, M. Matera, C. Lin, Opt. Commun. 47, 226 (1983).
    [CrossRef]

1983 (4)

C. Lin, J. Opt. Commun. 4, 2 (1983).
[CrossRef]

R. Pini, M. Mazzoni, R. Salimbeni, M. Matera, C. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 6 (1983).
[CrossRef]

R. Pini, R. Salimbeni, M. Matera, C. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 517 (1983).
[CrossRef]

R. Pini, R. Salimbeni, M. Matera, C. Lin, Opt. Commun. 47, 226 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1981 (3)

G. Pei-Juan, N. Cao-Jiang, Y. Tian-Long, S. Hai-Zheng, Appl. Phys. 24, 303 (1981).
[CrossRef]

K. O. Hill, D. C. Johnson, B. S. Kawasaki, Appl. Opt. 20, 1075 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Lin, M. A. Bösch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 479 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

C. Lin, L. G. Cohen, R. H. Stolen, G. W. Tasker, W. G. French, Opt. Commun. 20, 426 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

R. H. Stolen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 100 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Bösch, M. A.

C. Lin, M. A. Bösch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 479 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Cao-Jiang, N.

G. Pei-Juan, N. Cao-Jiang, Y. Tian-Long, S. Hai-Zheng, Appl. Phys. 24, 303 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, L. G.

C. Lin, L. G. Cohen, R. H. Stolen, G. W. Tasker, W. G. French, Opt. Commun. 20, 426 (1977).
[CrossRef]

French, W. G.

C. Lin, L. G. Cohen, R. H. Stolen, G. W. Tasker, W. G. French, Opt. Commun. 20, 426 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Hai-Zheng, S.

G. Pei-Juan, N. Cao-Jiang, Y. Tian-Long, S. Hai-Zheng, Appl. Phys. 24, 303 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Hill, K. O.

Johnson, D. C.

Kawasaki, B. S.

Lin, C.

R. Pini, R. Salimbeni, M. Matera, C. Lin, Opt. Commun. 47, 226 (1983).
[CrossRef]

R. Pini, R. Salimbeni, M. Matera, C. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 517 (1983).
[CrossRef]

R. Pini, M. Mazzoni, R. Salimbeni, M. Matera, C. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 6 (1983).
[CrossRef]

C. Lin, J. Opt. Commun. 4, 2 (1983).
[CrossRef]

C. Lin, M. A. Bösch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 479 (1981).
[CrossRef]

C. Lin, L. G. Cohen, R. H. Stolen, G. W. Tasker, W. G. French, Opt. Commun. 20, 426 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Matera, M.

R. Pini, M. Mazzoni, R. Salimbeni, M. Matera, C. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 6 (1983).
[CrossRef]

R. Pini, R. Salimbeni, M. Matera, C. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 517 (1983).
[CrossRef]

R. Pini, R. Salimbeni, M. Matera, C. Lin, Opt. Commun. 47, 226 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Mazzoni, M.

R. Pini, M. Mazzoni, R. Salimbeni, M. Matera, C. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 6 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Pei-Juan, G.

G. Pei-Juan, N. Cao-Jiang, Y. Tian-Long, S. Hai-Zheng, Appl. Phys. 24, 303 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Pini, R.

R. Pini, M. Mazzoni, R. Salimbeni, M. Matera, C. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 6 (1983).
[CrossRef]

R. Pini, R. Salimbeni, M. Matera, C. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 517 (1983).
[CrossRef]

R. Pini, R. Salimbeni, M. Matera, C. Lin, Opt. Commun. 47, 226 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Salimbeni, R.

R. Pini, R. Salimbeni, M. Matera, C. Lin, Opt. Commun. 47, 226 (1983).
[CrossRef]

R. Pini, R. Salimbeni, M. Matera, C. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 517 (1983).
[CrossRef]

R. Pini, M. Mazzoni, R. Salimbeni, M. Matera, C. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 6 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

C. Lin, L. G. Cohen, R. H. Stolen, G. W. Tasker, W. G. French, Opt. Commun. 20, 426 (1977).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 100 (1975).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen, “Nonlinear properties of optical fibers,” in Optical Fiber Telecommunications, S. Miller, A. Chynoweth, eds. (Academic, New York, 1979), p. 125.

Tasker, G. W.

C. Lin, L. G. Cohen, R. H. Stolen, G. W. Tasker, W. G. French, Opt. Commun. 20, 426 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Tian-Long, Y.

G. Pei-Juan, N. Cao-Jiang, Y. Tian-Long, S. Hai-Zheng, Appl. Phys. 24, 303 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. (1)

G. Pei-Juan, N. Cao-Jiang, Y. Tian-Long, S. Hai-Zheng, Appl. Phys. 24, 303 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

R. Pini, M. Mazzoni, R. Salimbeni, M. Matera, C. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 6 (1983).
[CrossRef]

R. Pini, R. Salimbeni, M. Matera, C. Lin, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 517 (1983).
[CrossRef]

C. Lin, M. A. Bösch, Appl. Phys. Lett. 38, 479 (1981).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. H. Stolen, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 100 (1975).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Commun. (1)

C. Lin, J. Opt. Commun. 4, 2 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

C. Lin, L. G. Cohen, R. H. Stolen, G. W. Tasker, W. G. French, Opt. Commun. 20, 426 (1977).
[CrossRef]

R. Pini, R. Salimbeni, M. Matera, C. Lin, Opt. Commun. 47, 226 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

R. H. Stolen, “Nonlinear properties of optical fibers,” in Optical Fiber Telecommunications, S. Miller, A. Chynoweth, eds. (Academic, New York, 1979), p. 125.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Spectrum of the dual-frequency R6G laser: S, signal line: P, pump line, (b) Output spectra of 100-m-long fiber pumped paraxially with 200 kW in both P and S lines. R is the SRS broadband spectrum generated by P. (c) Same power level as in (b) but with a slightly tilted coupling angle. M is the SFPM line. Double arrow indicates the observed tuning range.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Output spectra of 300-m-long fiber pumped with 300 kW of power in both P and S lines, showing the generation of four orders of SFPM lines.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Measured Spectral Characteristics of SFPM Line Generated up to Fourth Ordera

Equations (1)

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2 ω P ω S = ω M 1 , 2 ω M 1 ω P = ω M 2 , 2 ω M n ω M n 1 = ω M n + 1 .

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