Abstract

By using a GaAs/GaAlAs multiple-quantum-well sample as a saturable absorber in an external resonator, we have passively mode locked a GaAs laser to obtain pulses as short as 1.6 psec, the shortest pulses ever observed to our knowledge from a mode-locked diode laser in a regulator pulse train.

© 1984 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. E. P. Ippen, D. J. Eilenberger, R. W. Dixon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 267 (1980);in Picosecond Phenomena II, R. Hochstrasser, W. Kaiser, C. V. Shank, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1980), pp. 21–25.
    [Crossref]
  2. H. Yokoyama, H. Ito, H. Inaba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 105 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  3. J. P. van der Ziel, W. T. Tsang, R. A. Logan, R. M. Mikulyak, W. M. Augustyniak, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 525 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  4. C. Harder, J. S. Smith, K. Y. Lau, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 772 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  5. H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 736 (1975).
    [Crossref]
  6. D. S. Chemla, D. A. B. Miller, P. W. Smith, A. C. Gossard, W. Wiegmann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 265 (1984).
    [Crossref]
  7. J. Chen, W. Sibbett, J. I. Vukusic, Opt. Commun. 48, 427 (1984).
    [Crossref]

1984 (2)

D. S. Chemla, D. A. B. Miller, P. W. Smith, A. C. Gossard, W. Wiegmann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 265 (1984).
[Crossref]

J. Chen, W. Sibbett, J. I. Vukusic, Opt. Commun. 48, 427 (1984).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

C. Harder, J. S. Smith, K. Y. Lau, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 772 (1983).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

H. Yokoyama, H. Ito, H. Inaba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 105 (1982).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

J. P. van der Ziel, W. T. Tsang, R. A. Logan, R. M. Mikulyak, W. M. Augustyniak, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 525 (1981).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

E. P. Ippen, D. J. Eilenberger, R. W. Dixon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 267 (1980);in Picosecond Phenomena II, R. Hochstrasser, W. Kaiser, C. V. Shank, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1980), pp. 21–25.
[Crossref]

1975 (1)

H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 736 (1975).
[Crossref]

Augustyniak, W. M.

J. P. van der Ziel, W. T. Tsang, R. A. Logan, R. M. Mikulyak, W. M. Augustyniak, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 525 (1981).
[Crossref]

Chemla, D. S.

D. S. Chemla, D. A. B. Miller, P. W. Smith, A. C. Gossard, W. Wiegmann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 265 (1984).
[Crossref]

Chen, J.

J. Chen, W. Sibbett, J. I. Vukusic, Opt. Commun. 48, 427 (1984).
[Crossref]

Dixon, R. W.

E. P. Ippen, D. J. Eilenberger, R. W. Dixon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 267 (1980);in Picosecond Phenomena II, R. Hochstrasser, W. Kaiser, C. V. Shank, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1980), pp. 21–25.
[Crossref]

Eilenberger, D. J.

E. P. Ippen, D. J. Eilenberger, R. W. Dixon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 267 (1980);in Picosecond Phenomena II, R. Hochstrasser, W. Kaiser, C. V. Shank, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1980), pp. 21–25.
[Crossref]

Gossard, A. C.

D. S. Chemla, D. A. B. Miller, P. W. Smith, A. C. Gossard, W. Wiegmann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 265 (1984).
[Crossref]

Harder, C.

C. Harder, J. S. Smith, K. Y. Lau, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 772 (1983).
[Crossref]

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 736 (1975).
[Crossref]

Inaba, H.

H. Yokoyama, H. Ito, H. Inaba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 105 (1982).
[Crossref]

Ippen, E. P.

E. P. Ippen, D. J. Eilenberger, R. W. Dixon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 267 (1980);in Picosecond Phenomena II, R. Hochstrasser, W. Kaiser, C. V. Shank, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1980), pp. 21–25.
[Crossref]

Ito, H.

H. Yokoyama, H. Ito, H. Inaba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 105 (1982).
[Crossref]

Lau, K. Y.

C. Harder, J. S. Smith, K. Y. Lau, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 772 (1983).
[Crossref]

Logan, R. A.

J. P. van der Ziel, W. T. Tsang, R. A. Logan, R. M. Mikulyak, W. M. Augustyniak, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 525 (1981).
[Crossref]

Mikulyak, R. M.

J. P. van der Ziel, W. T. Tsang, R. A. Logan, R. M. Mikulyak, W. M. Augustyniak, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 525 (1981).
[Crossref]

Miller, D. A. B.

D. S. Chemla, D. A. B. Miller, P. W. Smith, A. C. Gossard, W. Wiegmann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 265 (1984).
[Crossref]

Sibbett, W.

J. Chen, W. Sibbett, J. I. Vukusic, Opt. Commun. 48, 427 (1984).
[Crossref]

Smith, J. S.

C. Harder, J. S. Smith, K. Y. Lau, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 772 (1983).
[Crossref]

Smith, P. W.

D. S. Chemla, D. A. B. Miller, P. W. Smith, A. C. Gossard, W. Wiegmann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 265 (1984).
[Crossref]

Tsang, W. T.

J. P. van der Ziel, W. T. Tsang, R. A. Logan, R. M. Mikulyak, W. M. Augustyniak, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 525 (1981).
[Crossref]

van der Ziel, J. P.

J. P. van der Ziel, W. T. Tsang, R. A. Logan, R. M. Mikulyak, W. M. Augustyniak, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 525 (1981).
[Crossref]

Vukusic, J. I.

J. Chen, W. Sibbett, J. I. Vukusic, Opt. Commun. 48, 427 (1984).
[Crossref]

Wiegmann, W.

D. S. Chemla, D. A. B. Miller, P. W. Smith, A. C. Gossard, W. Wiegmann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 265 (1984).
[Crossref]

Yariv, A.

C. Harder, J. S. Smith, K. Y. Lau, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 772 (1983).
[Crossref]

Yokoyama, H.

H. Yokoyama, H. Ito, H. Inaba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 105 (1982).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

E. P. Ippen, D. J. Eilenberger, R. W. Dixon, Appl. Phys. Lett. 37, 267 (1980);in Picosecond Phenomena II, R. Hochstrasser, W. Kaiser, C. V. Shank, eds. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1980), pp. 21–25.
[Crossref]

H. Yokoyama, H. Ito, H. Inaba, Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 105 (1982).
[Crossref]

J. P. van der Ziel, W. T. Tsang, R. A. Logan, R. M. Mikulyak, W. M. Augustyniak, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 525 (1981).
[Crossref]

C. Harder, J. S. Smith, K. Y. Lau, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 42, 772 (1983).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 736 (1975).
[Crossref]

D. S. Chemla, D. A. B. Miller, P. W. Smith, A. C. Gossard, W. Wiegmann, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-20, 265 (1984).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Chen, W. Sibbett, J. I. Vukusic, Opt. Commun. 48, 427 (1984).
[Crossref]

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Reflectivity of MQW–mirror assembly as a function of wavelength. These measurements were taken using a tunable dye laser with a beam that is focused to a 3-μm-diameter spot. The dashed line is the result for an input power of 34 μW and shows the unsaturated reflectivity. The solid line is the result for a power level of 2.5 mW, which corresponds approximately to the saturation under mode-locked conditions.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Autocorrelation traces of the mode-locked laser output, a, Incomplete mode locking; 50-psec-long pulses with superimposed coherence spikes. b, Better mode locking; 3.3-psec pulses accompanied by a satellite. c, The shortest pulses observed; 1.6 psec long. The given pulsewidths were derived from the autocorrelation traces assuming Gaussian pulse shapes.

Equations (2)

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σ A / A A > σ G / A G ,
τ = r 2 / C ,

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