Abstract

The hyperfine splitting of the ground state and the lowest electronic component of the 1D2 excited state have been measured for Pr3+ in YAG. We show that a particularly simple and powerful technique is the production of sublevel coherence by short-pulse (impact) excitation, which is detected by coherent forward scattering of a weak probe beam and Fourier transformation of the resulting quantum-beat signal. This yielded excited-state splittings of 6.49 and 8.29 MHz. The ground state shows large pseudoquadrupole splittings of 33.4 and 41.6 MHz, which were obtained by optically detected nuclear quadrupole resonance.

© 1983 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. L. E. Erickson, Phys. Rev. B 16, 4731 (1977).
    [Crossref]
  2. L. E. Erickson, Opt. Commun. 21, 147 (1977).
    [Crossref]
  3. D. Grischkowsky, S. R. Hartmann, Phys. Rev. B 2, 60 (1970); Y. C. Chen, K. Chiang, S. R. Hartmann, Phys. Rev. B 21, 40 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  4. P. Hu, R. Leigh, S. R. Hartmann, Phys. Lett. A 40, 164 (1972); R. M. Shelby, R. M. Macfarlane, R. L. Shoemaker, Phys. Rev. B 25, 6578 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  5. S. Haroche, J. A. Paisner, A. L. Schawlow, Phys. Rev. Lett. 30, 948 (1973).
    [Crossref]
  6. Y. Fukuda, J. Hayashi, K. Kondo, T. Hashi, Opt. Commun. 38, 357 (1981); H. Harde, H. Burggraf, Opt. Commun. 40, 441 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  7. R. L. Shoemaker, R. G. Brewer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 28, 1430 (1972).
    [Crossref]
  8. E. W. Van Stryland, R. L. Shoemaker, Phys. Rev. A 20, 1376 (1979).
    [Crossref]
  9. Y. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Hashi, Opt. Commun. (to be published).
  10. J. Mlynek, W. Lange, Opt. Commun. 30, 337 (1979).
    [Crossref]
  11. L. E. Erickson, Phys. Rev. B 19, 4412 (1979).
    [Crossref]
  12. H. Harde, H. Burggraf, J. Mlynek, W. Lange, Opt. Lett. 6, 290 (1981).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. T. Endo, S. Nakanishi, T. Muramoto, T. Hashi, Opt. Commun. 43, 359 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  14. R. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Shelby, R. L. Shoemaker, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 1726 (1979).
    [Crossref]

1982 (1)

T. Endo, S. Nakanishi, T. Muramoto, T. Hashi, Opt. Commun. 43, 359 (1982).
[Crossref]

1981 (2)

H. Harde, H. Burggraf, J. Mlynek, W. Lange, Opt. Lett. 6, 290 (1981).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Fukuda, J. Hayashi, K. Kondo, T. Hashi, Opt. Commun. 38, 357 (1981); H. Harde, H. Burggraf, Opt. Commun. 40, 441 (1982).
[Crossref]

1979 (4)

E. W. Van Stryland, R. L. Shoemaker, Phys. Rev. A 20, 1376 (1979).
[Crossref]

J. Mlynek, W. Lange, Opt. Commun. 30, 337 (1979).
[Crossref]

L. E. Erickson, Phys. Rev. B 19, 4412 (1979).
[Crossref]

R. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Shelby, R. L. Shoemaker, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 1726 (1979).
[Crossref]

1977 (2)

L. E. Erickson, Phys. Rev. B 16, 4731 (1977).
[Crossref]

L. E. Erickson, Opt. Commun. 21, 147 (1977).
[Crossref]

1973 (1)

S. Haroche, J. A. Paisner, A. L. Schawlow, Phys. Rev. Lett. 30, 948 (1973).
[Crossref]

1972 (2)

P. Hu, R. Leigh, S. R. Hartmann, Phys. Lett. A 40, 164 (1972); R. M. Shelby, R. M. Macfarlane, R. L. Shoemaker, Phys. Rev. B 25, 6578 (1982).
[Crossref]

R. L. Shoemaker, R. G. Brewer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 28, 1430 (1972).
[Crossref]

1970 (1)

D. Grischkowsky, S. R. Hartmann, Phys. Rev. B 2, 60 (1970); Y. C. Chen, K. Chiang, S. R. Hartmann, Phys. Rev. B 21, 40 (1980).
[Crossref]

Brewer, R. G.

R. L. Shoemaker, R. G. Brewer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 28, 1430 (1972).
[Crossref]

Burggraf, H.

Endo, T.

T. Endo, S. Nakanishi, T. Muramoto, T. Hashi, Opt. Commun. 43, 359 (1982).
[Crossref]

Erickson, L. E.

L. E. Erickson, Phys. Rev. B 19, 4412 (1979).
[Crossref]

L. E. Erickson, Phys. Rev. B 16, 4731 (1977).
[Crossref]

L. E. Erickson, Opt. Commun. 21, 147 (1977).
[Crossref]

Fukuda, Y.

Y. Fukuda, J. Hayashi, K. Kondo, T. Hashi, Opt. Commun. 38, 357 (1981); H. Harde, H. Burggraf, Opt. Commun. 40, 441 (1982).
[Crossref]

Y. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Hashi, Opt. Commun. (to be published).

Grischkowsky, D.

D. Grischkowsky, S. R. Hartmann, Phys. Rev. B 2, 60 (1970); Y. C. Chen, K. Chiang, S. R. Hartmann, Phys. Rev. B 21, 40 (1980).
[Crossref]

Harde, H.

Haroche, S.

S. Haroche, J. A. Paisner, A. L. Schawlow, Phys. Rev. Lett. 30, 948 (1973).
[Crossref]

Hartmann, S. R.

P. Hu, R. Leigh, S. R. Hartmann, Phys. Lett. A 40, 164 (1972); R. M. Shelby, R. M. Macfarlane, R. L. Shoemaker, Phys. Rev. B 25, 6578 (1982).
[Crossref]

D. Grischkowsky, S. R. Hartmann, Phys. Rev. B 2, 60 (1970); Y. C. Chen, K. Chiang, S. R. Hartmann, Phys. Rev. B 21, 40 (1980).
[Crossref]

Hashi, T.

T. Endo, S. Nakanishi, T. Muramoto, T. Hashi, Opt. Commun. 43, 359 (1982).
[Crossref]

Y. Fukuda, J. Hayashi, K. Kondo, T. Hashi, Opt. Commun. 38, 357 (1981); H. Harde, H. Burggraf, Opt. Commun. 40, 441 (1982).
[Crossref]

Y. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Hashi, Opt. Commun. (to be published).

Hayashi, J.

Y. Fukuda, J. Hayashi, K. Kondo, T. Hashi, Opt. Commun. 38, 357 (1981); H. Harde, H. Burggraf, Opt. Commun. 40, 441 (1982).
[Crossref]

Hu, P.

P. Hu, R. Leigh, S. R. Hartmann, Phys. Lett. A 40, 164 (1972); R. M. Shelby, R. M. Macfarlane, R. L. Shoemaker, Phys. Rev. B 25, 6578 (1982).
[Crossref]

Kondo, K.

Y. Fukuda, J. Hayashi, K. Kondo, T. Hashi, Opt. Commun. 38, 357 (1981); H. Harde, H. Burggraf, Opt. Commun. 40, 441 (1982).
[Crossref]

Lange, W.

Leigh, R.

P. Hu, R. Leigh, S. R. Hartmann, Phys. Lett. A 40, 164 (1972); R. M. Shelby, R. M. Macfarlane, R. L. Shoemaker, Phys. Rev. B 25, 6578 (1982).
[Crossref]

Macfarlane, R. M.

R. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Shelby, R. L. Shoemaker, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 1726 (1979).
[Crossref]

Mlynek, J.

Muramoto, T.

T. Endo, S. Nakanishi, T. Muramoto, T. Hashi, Opt. Commun. 43, 359 (1982).
[Crossref]

Nakanishi, S.

T. Endo, S. Nakanishi, T. Muramoto, T. Hashi, Opt. Commun. 43, 359 (1982).
[Crossref]

Paisner, J. A.

S. Haroche, J. A. Paisner, A. L. Schawlow, Phys. Rev. Lett. 30, 948 (1973).
[Crossref]

Schawlow, A. L.

S. Haroche, J. A. Paisner, A. L. Schawlow, Phys. Rev. Lett. 30, 948 (1973).
[Crossref]

Shelby, R. M.

R. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Shelby, R. L. Shoemaker, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 1726 (1979).
[Crossref]

Shoemaker, R. L.

R. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Shelby, R. L. Shoemaker, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 1726 (1979).
[Crossref]

E. W. Van Stryland, R. L. Shoemaker, Phys. Rev. A 20, 1376 (1979).
[Crossref]

R. L. Shoemaker, R. G. Brewer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 28, 1430 (1972).
[Crossref]

Van Stryland, E. W.

E. W. Van Stryland, R. L. Shoemaker, Phys. Rev. A 20, 1376 (1979).
[Crossref]

Yamada, K.

Y. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Hashi, Opt. Commun. (to be published).

Opt. Commun. (4)

L. E. Erickson, Opt. Commun. 21, 147 (1977).
[Crossref]

Y. Fukuda, J. Hayashi, K. Kondo, T. Hashi, Opt. Commun. 38, 357 (1981); H. Harde, H. Burggraf, Opt. Commun. 40, 441 (1982).
[Crossref]

J. Mlynek, W. Lange, Opt. Commun. 30, 337 (1979).
[Crossref]

T. Endo, S. Nakanishi, T. Muramoto, T. Hashi, Opt. Commun. 43, 359 (1982).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Lett. A (1)

P. Hu, R. Leigh, S. R. Hartmann, Phys. Lett. A 40, 164 (1972); R. M. Shelby, R. M. Macfarlane, R. L. Shoemaker, Phys. Rev. B 25, 6578 (1982).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

E. W. Van Stryland, R. L. Shoemaker, Phys. Rev. A 20, 1376 (1979).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. B (3)

D. Grischkowsky, S. R. Hartmann, Phys. Rev. B 2, 60 (1970); Y. C. Chen, K. Chiang, S. R. Hartmann, Phys. Rev. B 21, 40 (1980).
[Crossref]

L. E. Erickson, Phys. Rev. B 16, 4731 (1977).
[Crossref]

L. E. Erickson, Phys. Rev. B 19, 4412 (1979).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

R. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Shelby, R. L. Shoemaker, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 1726 (1979).
[Crossref]

S. Haroche, J. A. Paisner, A. L. Schawlow, Phys. Rev. Lett. 30, 948 (1973).
[Crossref]

R. L. Shoemaker, R. G. Brewer, Phys. Rev. Lett. 28, 1430 (1972).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

Y. Fukuda, K. Yamada, T. Hashi, Opt. Commun. (to be published).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Spectrum of holes (downward) and antiholes (upward) burned and probed with a cw laser at 1.6 K. The positions of holes and the strongest antiholes are shown; the values used are δ 1 g = 33.4 MHz , δ 2 g = 41.6 MHz , δ 1 e = 649 MHz and δ 2 e = 8.29 MHz.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Energy-level diagram for Pr3+:YAG showing the hyperfine (sublevel) splittings of the lowest 3H4 and 1D2 crystal-field components. Sublevel coherence produced by the optical excitation pulse is indicated schematically for a typical set of three levels by the arrows.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Quantum-beat FID measured at 1.6 K using a 300-nsec pulse from an acousto-optically gated cw laser. (b) Fourier transform of the signal in (a) giving 1D2 excited-state hyperfine splittings of 6.49 and 8.29 MHz and their sum at 14.78 MHz.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Optically detected NQR spectrum at 1.6 K showing ground-state splitting of Pr3+ at 33.4 and 41.6 MHz and their sum at 75 MHz.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Photon-echo decay curve measured at 1.6 K.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Pseudoquadrupole Splittings for 3H41D2 in Pr3+:YAG

Metrics