Abstract

The influence of the outer diameter of the constraining region on the stress-induced birefringence in high-birefringence fibers is investigated for three fiber structures. Generally, the outer diameter should be three times larger than the mean diameter of the stress-producing regions to ensure that the birefringence is close to maximum.

© 1983 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. H. Stolen, V. Ramaswamy, P. Kaiser, W. Pliebel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 699 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. Katsuyama, H. Matsumura, T. Suganuma, Electron. Lett. 18, 326 (1981).
  3. T. Hosaka, K. Okamoto, Y. Mika, Y. Sasaki, T. Edahiro, Electron. Lett. 17, 530 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. D. Birch, D. N. Payne, M. P. Varnham, Electron. Lett. 18, 1036 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  5. I. P. Kaminow, V. Ramaswamy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 368 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  6. W. Eickhoff, Opt. Lett. 7, 629 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. P. L. Chu, P. Y. P. Chen, R. A. Sammut, Electron. Lett. 18, 441 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. C. Rashleigh, M. J. Marrone, Electron. Lett. 18, 326 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. C. Rashleigh, M. J. Marrone, Opt. Lett. 8, 127 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. T. Okoshi, Y. Oyamada, Electron. Lett. 16, 712 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  11. V. Ramaswamy, I. P. Kaminow, P. Kaiser, W. G. French, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 814 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. A. Villarruel, R. P. Moeller, Electron. Lett. 17, 243 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. Hosaka, K. Okamoto, J. Noda, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1569 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Kawachi, B. S. Kawasaki, K. O. Hill, T. Edahiro, Electron. Lett. 18, 962 (1982).
    [CrossRef]

1983

1982

T. Hosaka, K. Okamoto, J. Noda, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1569 (1982).
[CrossRef]

M. Kawachi, B. S. Kawasaki, K. O. Hill, T. Edahiro, Electron. Lett. 18, 962 (1982).
[CrossRef]

P. L. Chu, P. Y. P. Chen, R. A. Sammut, Electron. Lett. 18, 441 (1982).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Rashleigh, M. J. Marrone, Electron. Lett. 18, 326 (1982).
[CrossRef]

W. Eickhoff, Opt. Lett. 7, 629 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. D. Birch, D. N. Payne, M. P. Varnham, Electron. Lett. 18, 1036 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981

T. Katsuyama, H. Matsumura, T. Suganuma, Electron. Lett. 18, 326 (1981).

T. Hosaka, K. Okamoto, Y. Mika, Y. Sasaki, T. Edahiro, Electron. Lett. 17, 530 (1981).
[CrossRef]

C. A. Villarruel, R. P. Moeller, Electron. Lett. 17, 243 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980

T. Okoshi, Y. Oyamada, Electron. Lett. 16, 712 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979

I. P. Kaminow, V. Ramaswamy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 368 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978

V. Ramaswamy, I. P. Kaminow, P. Kaiser, W. G. French, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 814 (1978).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen, V. Ramaswamy, P. Kaiser, W. Pliebel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 699 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Birch, R. D.

R. D. Birch, D. N. Payne, M. P. Varnham, Electron. Lett. 18, 1036 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Chen, P. Y. P.

P. L. Chu, P. Y. P. Chen, R. A. Sammut, Electron. Lett. 18, 441 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Chu, P. L.

P. L. Chu, P. Y. P. Chen, R. A. Sammut, Electron. Lett. 18, 441 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Edahiro, T.

M. Kawachi, B. S. Kawasaki, K. O. Hill, T. Edahiro, Electron. Lett. 18, 962 (1982).
[CrossRef]

T. Hosaka, K. Okamoto, Y. Mika, Y. Sasaki, T. Edahiro, Electron. Lett. 17, 530 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Eickhoff, W.

French, W. G.

V. Ramaswamy, I. P. Kaminow, P. Kaiser, W. G. French, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 814 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Hill, K. O.

M. Kawachi, B. S. Kawasaki, K. O. Hill, T. Edahiro, Electron. Lett. 18, 962 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Hosaka, T.

T. Hosaka, K. Okamoto, J. Noda, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1569 (1982).
[CrossRef]

T. Hosaka, K. Okamoto, Y. Mika, Y. Sasaki, T. Edahiro, Electron. Lett. 17, 530 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, P.

V. Ramaswamy, I. P. Kaminow, P. Kaiser, W. G. French, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 814 (1978).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen, V. Ramaswamy, P. Kaiser, W. Pliebel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 699 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Kaminow, I. P.

I. P. Kaminow, V. Ramaswamy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 368 (1979).
[CrossRef]

V. Ramaswamy, I. P. Kaminow, P. Kaiser, W. G. French, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 814 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Katsuyama, T.

T. Katsuyama, H. Matsumura, T. Suganuma, Electron. Lett. 18, 326 (1981).

Kawachi, M.

M. Kawachi, B. S. Kawasaki, K. O. Hill, T. Edahiro, Electron. Lett. 18, 962 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Kawasaki, B. S.

M. Kawachi, B. S. Kawasaki, K. O. Hill, T. Edahiro, Electron. Lett. 18, 962 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Marrone, M. J.

S. C. Rashleigh, M. J. Marrone, Opt. Lett. 8, 127 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. C. Rashleigh, M. J. Marrone, Electron. Lett. 18, 326 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Matsumura, H.

T. Katsuyama, H. Matsumura, T. Suganuma, Electron. Lett. 18, 326 (1981).

Mika, Y.

T. Hosaka, K. Okamoto, Y. Mika, Y. Sasaki, T. Edahiro, Electron. Lett. 17, 530 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Moeller, R. P.

C. A. Villarruel, R. P. Moeller, Electron. Lett. 17, 243 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Noda, J.

T. Hosaka, K. Okamoto, J. Noda, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1569 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, K.

T. Hosaka, K. Okamoto, J. Noda, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1569 (1982).
[CrossRef]

T. Hosaka, K. Okamoto, Y. Mika, Y. Sasaki, T. Edahiro, Electron. Lett. 17, 530 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Okoshi, T.

T. Okoshi, Y. Oyamada, Electron. Lett. 16, 712 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Oyamada, Y.

T. Okoshi, Y. Oyamada, Electron. Lett. 16, 712 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Payne, D. N.

R. D. Birch, D. N. Payne, M. P. Varnham, Electron. Lett. 18, 1036 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Pliebel, W.

R. H. Stolen, V. Ramaswamy, P. Kaiser, W. Pliebel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 699 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Ramaswamy, V.

I. P. Kaminow, V. Ramaswamy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 368 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen, V. Ramaswamy, P. Kaiser, W. Pliebel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 699 (1978).
[CrossRef]

V. Ramaswamy, I. P. Kaminow, P. Kaiser, W. G. French, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 814 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Rashleigh, S. C.

S. C. Rashleigh, M. J. Marrone, Opt. Lett. 8, 127 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. C. Rashleigh, M. J. Marrone, Electron. Lett. 18, 326 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Sammut, R. A.

P. L. Chu, P. Y. P. Chen, R. A. Sammut, Electron. Lett. 18, 441 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, Y.

T. Hosaka, K. Okamoto, Y. Mika, Y. Sasaki, T. Edahiro, Electron. Lett. 17, 530 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

R. H. Stolen, V. Ramaswamy, P. Kaiser, W. Pliebel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 699 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Suganuma, T.

T. Katsuyama, H. Matsumura, T. Suganuma, Electron. Lett. 18, 326 (1981).

Varnham, M. P.

R. D. Birch, D. N. Payne, M. P. Varnham, Electron. Lett. 18, 1036 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Villarruel, C. A.

C. A. Villarruel, R. P. Moeller, Electron. Lett. 17, 243 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

R. H. Stolen, V. Ramaswamy, P. Kaiser, W. Pliebel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 699 (1978).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Kaminow, V. Ramaswamy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 368 (1979).
[CrossRef]

V. Ramaswamy, I. P. Kaminow, P. Kaiser, W. G. French, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 814 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

C. A. Villarruel, R. P. Moeller, Electron. Lett. 17, 243 (1981).
[CrossRef]

T. Okoshi, Y. Oyamada, Electron. Lett. 16, 712 (1980).
[CrossRef]

T. Katsuyama, H. Matsumura, T. Suganuma, Electron. Lett. 18, 326 (1981).

T. Hosaka, K. Okamoto, Y. Mika, Y. Sasaki, T. Edahiro, Electron. Lett. 17, 530 (1981).
[CrossRef]

R. D. Birch, D. N. Payne, M. P. Varnham, Electron. Lett. 18, 1036 (1982).
[CrossRef]

M. Kawachi, B. S. Kawasaki, K. O. Hill, T. Edahiro, Electron. Lett. 18, 962 (1982).
[CrossRef]

P. L. Chu, P. Y. P. Chen, R. A. Sammut, Electron. Lett. 18, 441 (1982).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Rashleigh, M. J. Marrone, Electron. Lett. 18, 326 (1982).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

T. Hosaka, K. Okamoto, J. Noda, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1569 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Cross sections of the three high-birefringence fibers: (a) elliptical cladding, (b) bow-tie stress lobes, (c) isolated stress lobes.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transmitted intensity as the diameter of fiber (a) is reduced from 120 to ~8 μm over a 6-cm fiber length.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dependence of the stress-induced birefringence on the outer fiber diameter for the three fibers. The chain-dashed curves show the extrapolations to infinite diameter.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Normalized fiber birefringence as a function of the normalized diameter of the outer constraining region for the three fibers.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Parameters of the Three High-Birefringence Fibersa

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