Abstract

The o hyperfine component of the 127I2 17-1 P(62) transition at 520 THz (576 nm) in iodine was measured with respect to the CH4-stabilized 88-THz He–Ne laser. A 26-THz CO2 laser, a color-center laser at 130 THz, and a He–Ne laser at 260 THz were used as transfer oscillators. The measured I2 frequency was 520 206 808.547 MHz with a total fractional uncertainty of 1.6 × 10−10. The 1.15-μm 20Ne Lamb-dip-stabilized laser frequency was 260 103 249.26 MHz with a total fractional uncertainty of 3.1 × 10−10.

© 1983 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. Report: Comité Consultatif pour la Définition du Mètre, 7th Session (Bureau International des Poids et Mesures, Sèvres, France, 1982).
  2. D. J. Knight, G. J. Edwards, P. R. Pearce, N. R. Cross, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-29, 257 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  3. A. Clairon, B. Dahmani, J. Rutman, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-29, 268 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  4. Bulletin G-16 ISSN No. 0135-2415 Gosstandard (Commission of United Time Service, Moscow, USSR).
  5. V. P. Chebotayev, J. Phys. (Paris) 42, C8-505 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  6. K. M. Baird, K. M. Evenson, G. R. Hanes, D. A. Jennings, F. R. Petersen, Opt. Lett. 4, 263 (1979).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. D. A. Jennings, C. R. Pollock, F. R. Petersen, R. E. Drullinger, K. M. Evenson, J. S. Wells, J. L. Hall, H. P. Layer, Opt. Lett. 8, 136 (1983).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. I. Schneider, C. L. Marquardt, Opt. Lett. 5, 214 (1980).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. C. R. Pollock, D. A. Jennings, Appl. Phys. B 28, 308 (1982).
  10. Both temperature-tuned crystals were surrounded by heat pipes (530°C required potassium; 185°C required a fluorocarbon). The temperatures were maintained to within ±0.2°C.
  11. J. M. Chartier, J. Helmcke, A. Wallard, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-25, 450 (1976).
  12. P. Cerez, A. Brillet, C. N. Man-Pichot, R. Felder, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-29, 352 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  13. D. J. Wineland, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 2528 (1979).
    [Crossref]

1983 (1)

1982 (1)

C. R. Pollock, D. A. Jennings, Appl. Phys. B 28, 308 (1982).

1981 (1)

V. P. Chebotayev, J. Phys. (Paris) 42, C8-505 (1981).
[Crossref]

1980 (4)

D. J. Knight, G. J. Edwards, P. R. Pearce, N. R. Cross, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-29, 257 (1980).
[Crossref]

A. Clairon, B. Dahmani, J. Rutman, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-29, 268 (1980).
[Crossref]

I. Schneider, C. L. Marquardt, Opt. Lett. 5, 214 (1980).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Cerez, A. Brillet, C. N. Man-Pichot, R. Felder, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-29, 352 (1980).
[Crossref]

1979 (2)

1976 (1)

J. M. Chartier, J. Helmcke, A. Wallard, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-25, 450 (1976).

Baird, K. M.

Brillet, A.

P. Cerez, A. Brillet, C. N. Man-Pichot, R. Felder, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-29, 352 (1980).
[Crossref]

Cerez, P.

P. Cerez, A. Brillet, C. N. Man-Pichot, R. Felder, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-29, 352 (1980).
[Crossref]

Chartier, J. M.

J. M. Chartier, J. Helmcke, A. Wallard, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-25, 450 (1976).

Chebotayev, V. P.

V. P. Chebotayev, J. Phys. (Paris) 42, C8-505 (1981).
[Crossref]

Clairon, A.

A. Clairon, B. Dahmani, J. Rutman, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-29, 268 (1980).
[Crossref]

Cross, N. R.

D. J. Knight, G. J. Edwards, P. R. Pearce, N. R. Cross, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-29, 257 (1980).
[Crossref]

Dahmani, B.

A. Clairon, B. Dahmani, J. Rutman, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-29, 268 (1980).
[Crossref]

Drullinger, R. E.

Edwards, G. J.

D. J. Knight, G. J. Edwards, P. R. Pearce, N. R. Cross, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-29, 257 (1980).
[Crossref]

Evenson, K. M.

Felder, R.

P. Cerez, A. Brillet, C. N. Man-Pichot, R. Felder, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-29, 352 (1980).
[Crossref]

Hall, J. L.

Hanes, G. R.

Helmcke, J.

J. M. Chartier, J. Helmcke, A. Wallard, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-25, 450 (1976).

Jennings, D. A.

Knight, D. J.

D. J. Knight, G. J. Edwards, P. R. Pearce, N. R. Cross, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-29, 257 (1980).
[Crossref]

Layer, H. P.

Man-Pichot, C. N.

P. Cerez, A. Brillet, C. N. Man-Pichot, R. Felder, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-29, 352 (1980).
[Crossref]

Marquardt, C. L.

Pearce, P. R.

D. J. Knight, G. J. Edwards, P. R. Pearce, N. R. Cross, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-29, 257 (1980).
[Crossref]

Petersen, F. R.

Pollock, C. R.

Rutman, J.

A. Clairon, B. Dahmani, J. Rutman, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-29, 268 (1980).
[Crossref]

Schneider, I.

Wallard, A.

J. M. Chartier, J. Helmcke, A. Wallard, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-25, 450 (1976).

Wells, J. S.

Wineland, D. J.

D. J. Wineland, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 2528 (1979).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

C. R. Pollock, D. A. Jennings, Appl. Phys. B 28, 308 (1982).

IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. (4)

D. J. Knight, G. J. Edwards, P. R. Pearce, N. R. Cross, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-29, 257 (1980).
[Crossref]

A. Clairon, B. Dahmani, J. Rutman, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-29, 268 (1980).
[Crossref]

J. M. Chartier, J. Helmcke, A. Wallard, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-25, 450 (1976).

P. Cerez, A. Brillet, C. N. Man-Pichot, R. Felder, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. IM-29, 352 (1980).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

D. J. Wineland, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 2528 (1979).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. (Paris) (1)

V. P. Chebotayev, J. Phys. (Paris) 42, C8-505 (1981).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (3)

Bulletin G-16 ISSN No. 0135-2415 Gosstandard (Commission of United Time Service, Moscow, USSR).

Both temperature-tuned crystals were surrounded by heat pipes (530°C required potassium; 185°C required a fluorocarbon). The temperatures were maintained to within ±0.2°C.

Report: Comité Consultatif pour la Définition du Mètre, 7th Session (Bureau International des Poids et Mesures, Sèvres, France, 1982).

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

At the top of the chain, a cw dye laser is locked to an I2 transition. A 1.15-μm He–Ne laser is locked to the dye laser, and a 2.3-μm color-center laser is locked to the He–Ne laser. The beat between the CO2 lasers and the color-center laser is measured.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Error Budget for the Visible-Frequency Measurement

Equations (2)

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ν I 2 = 520 206 808.547 ± 0.081 MHz
ν Ne = 260 103 249.26 ± 0.081 MHz .

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