Abstract

The stress birefringence in a fiber with a three-component silica-glass elliptical cladding is found to be a strongly nonlinear function of temperature. The observed birefringence is a factor of 1.6 greater than that predicted from linear approximations of this dependence and estimates of the fiber material’s properties. The fiber’s birefringence can be predicted from a linear extrapolation of the low-temperature data.

© 1983 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. T. Katsuyama, H. Matsumma, T. Suganuma, Electron. Lett. 17, 473 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  2. I. P. Kaminow, V. Ramaswamy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 268 (1979).
    [Crossref]
  3. K. Okamoto, T. Hoshihito, T. Edahiro, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 2133 (1981).
  4. W. Eickhoff, Opt. Lett. 7, 629 (1982).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. V. Ramaswamy, R. H. Stolen, M. D. Divino, W. Pleibel, Appl. Opt. 18, 4080 (1979).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. S. C. Rashleigh, Opt. Lett. 7, 294 (1982).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. S. C. Rashleigh, W. K. Burns, R. P. Moeller, R. Ulrich, Opt. Lett. 7, 40 (1982).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. S. C. Rashleigh, M. J. Marrone, Elect. Lett. 18, 326 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  9. H. Kajioka, Hitachi Cable Ltd., Ibaraki, Japan 319-14 (personal communication).
  10. A. J. Barlow, D. N. Payne, presented at the Symposium on Optical Fiber Measurements, Boulder, Colo., October 13–14, 1982.
  11. J. S. Haggerty, “Thermal expansion, heat capacity and structural relaxation measurements in the glass transition region,” Sc.D. Thesis (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass., 1966).
  12. D. E. Gray, ed., American Institute of Physics Handbook, 3rd ed. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1972), p. 6–29.

1982 (4)

1981 (2)

K. Okamoto, T. Hoshihito, T. Edahiro, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 2133 (1981).

T. Katsuyama, H. Matsumma, T. Suganuma, Electron. Lett. 17, 473 (1981).
[Crossref]

1979 (2)

Barlow, A. J.

A. J. Barlow, D. N. Payne, presented at the Symposium on Optical Fiber Measurements, Boulder, Colo., October 13–14, 1982.

Burns, W. K.

Divino, M. D.

Edahiro, T.

K. Okamoto, T. Hoshihito, T. Edahiro, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 2133 (1981).

Eickhoff, W.

Haggerty, J. S.

J. S. Haggerty, “Thermal expansion, heat capacity and structural relaxation measurements in the glass transition region,” Sc.D. Thesis (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass., 1966).

Hoshihito, T.

K. Okamoto, T. Hoshihito, T. Edahiro, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 2133 (1981).

Kajioka, H.

H. Kajioka, Hitachi Cable Ltd., Ibaraki, Japan 319-14 (personal communication).

Kaminow, I. P.

I. P. Kaminow, V. Ramaswamy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 268 (1979).
[Crossref]

Katsuyama, T.

T. Katsuyama, H. Matsumma, T. Suganuma, Electron. Lett. 17, 473 (1981).
[Crossref]

Marrone, M. J.

S. C. Rashleigh, M. J. Marrone, Elect. Lett. 18, 326 (1982).
[Crossref]

Matsumma, H.

T. Katsuyama, H. Matsumma, T. Suganuma, Electron. Lett. 17, 473 (1981).
[Crossref]

Moeller, R. P.

Okamoto, K.

K. Okamoto, T. Hoshihito, T. Edahiro, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 2133 (1981).

Payne, D. N.

A. J. Barlow, D. N. Payne, presented at the Symposium on Optical Fiber Measurements, Boulder, Colo., October 13–14, 1982.

Pleibel, W.

Ramaswamy, V.

Rashleigh, S. C.

Stolen, R. H.

Suganuma, T.

T. Katsuyama, H. Matsumma, T. Suganuma, Electron. Lett. 17, 473 (1981).
[Crossref]

Ulrich, R.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

I. P. Kaminow, V. Ramaswamy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 268 (1979).
[Crossref]

Elect. Lett. (1)

S. C. Rashleigh, M. J. Marrone, Elect. Lett. 18, 326 (1982).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (1)

T. Katsuyama, H. Matsumma, T. Suganuma, Electron. Lett. 17, 473 (1981).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Okamoto, T. Hoshihito, T. Edahiro, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 2133 (1981).

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (4)

H. Kajioka, Hitachi Cable Ltd., Ibaraki, Japan 319-14 (personal communication).

A. J. Barlow, D. N. Payne, presented at the Symposium on Optical Fiber Measurements, Boulder, Colo., October 13–14, 1982.

J. S. Haggerty, “Thermal expansion, heat capacity and structural relaxation measurements in the glass transition region,” Sc.D. Thesis (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Mass., 1966).

D. E. Gray, ed., American Institute of Physics Handbook, 3rd ed. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1972), p. 6–29.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Transmitted intensity as the fiber is heated from 22 to 1280°C.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Temperature dependence of the stress-induced birefringence. The dashed line shows the linear extrapolation of the low-temperature data.

Equations (2)

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β = n 3 k ( p 11 - p 12 ) 1 + ν 2 ( 1 - ν ) A - B A + B ( α cl - α st ) Δ T ,
α cl - α st = g B 2 O 3 ( α B 2 O 3 - α SiO 2 ) + g P 2 O 5 ( α P 2 O 5 - α SiO 2 )

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