Abstract

We demonstrate the possibility of controlling, practically independently, the form and indices of proton-exchanged lithium niobate guides by means of guide annealing and proton exchange in lithium-rich solutions. Experimental results are presented that indicate how one can realize specific guide designs.

© 1983 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. L. Jackel, C. E. Rice, J. J. Veselka, “Proton exchange for high index waveguides in LiNbO3,” presented at Topical Meeting on Integrated and Guided Wave Optics, Asilomar, Calif., January 6–8, 1982.
  2. M. De Micheli, J. Botineau, P. Sibillot, D. B. Ostrowsky, M. Papuchon, Opt. Commun. 42, 101 (1982).
    [Crossref]

1982 (1)

M. De Micheli, J. Botineau, P. Sibillot, D. B. Ostrowsky, M. Papuchon, Opt. Commun. 42, 101 (1982).
[Crossref]

Botineau, J.

M. De Micheli, J. Botineau, P. Sibillot, D. B. Ostrowsky, M. Papuchon, Opt. Commun. 42, 101 (1982).
[Crossref]

De Micheli, M.

M. De Micheli, J. Botineau, P. Sibillot, D. B. Ostrowsky, M. Papuchon, Opt. Commun. 42, 101 (1982).
[Crossref]

Jackel, J. L.

J. L. Jackel, C. E. Rice, J. J. Veselka, “Proton exchange for high index waveguides in LiNbO3,” presented at Topical Meeting on Integrated and Guided Wave Optics, Asilomar, Calif., January 6–8, 1982.

Ostrowsky, D. B.

M. De Micheli, J. Botineau, P. Sibillot, D. B. Ostrowsky, M. Papuchon, Opt. Commun. 42, 101 (1982).
[Crossref]

Papuchon, M.

M. De Micheli, J. Botineau, P. Sibillot, D. B. Ostrowsky, M. Papuchon, Opt. Commun. 42, 101 (1982).
[Crossref]

Rice, C. E.

J. L. Jackel, C. E. Rice, J. J. Veselka, “Proton exchange for high index waveguides in LiNbO3,” presented at Topical Meeting on Integrated and Guided Wave Optics, Asilomar, Calif., January 6–8, 1982.

Sibillot, P.

M. De Micheli, J. Botineau, P. Sibillot, D. B. Ostrowsky, M. Papuchon, Opt. Commun. 42, 101 (1982).
[Crossref]

Veselka, J. J.

J. L. Jackel, C. E. Rice, J. J. Veselka, “Proton exchange for high index waveguides in LiNbO3,” presented at Topical Meeting on Integrated and Guided Wave Optics, Asilomar, Calif., January 6–8, 1982.

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. De Micheli, J. Botineau, P. Sibillot, D. B. Ostrowsky, M. Papuchon, Opt. Commun. 42, 101 (1982).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

J. L. Jackel, C. E. Rice, J. J. Veselka, “Proton exchange for high index waveguides in LiNbO3,” presented at Topical Meeting on Integrated and Guided Wave Optics, Asilomar, Calif., January 6–8, 1982.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Annealing influence on guide profile. The original PE guide had been immersed in benzoic acid at 240°C for 2.5 h.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Influence of lithium-rich solution on surface Δne. The percentage of lithium represents the molar fraction of lithium benzoate with respect to benzoic acid.

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