Abstract

An interferometer having a self-pumped phase-conjugating mirror is demonstrated. This device eliminates the effects of turbulence or optical distortion in the beam path yet responds to any uniform phase change.

© 1983 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, “Coherent oscillation by self-induced gratings in the photorefractive crystal BaTiO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450–452 (1982); M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, A. Yariv, “Passive (self-pumped) phase conjugate mirror: theoretical and experimental investigation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 689–691 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. Feinberg, “Self-pumped, continuous-wave phase conjugator using internal reflection,” Opt. Lett. 7, 486–488 (1982); K. R. MacDonald, J. Feinberg, “Theory of a self-pumped phase conjugator with two coupled interaction regions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 73, 548–553 (1983).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. F. A. Hopf, “Interferometry using conjugate-wave generation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 70, 1320–1323 (1980); L. Sica, H. Szu, U.S. Patent4,280,764, Phase Conjugate Interferometer (July28, 1981).
    [Crossref]
  4. N. G. Basov, I. G. Zubarev, A. B. Mirondov, S. I. Mikhailov, A. Yu. Okulov, “Laser interferometer with wave-front-reversing mirrors,” Sov. Phys. JETP 52, 847–851 (1980).
  5. Y. Fainman, E. Lenz, J. Shamir, “Contouring by phase conjugation,” Appl. Opt. 20, 158–163 (1981).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. I. Bar-Joseph, A. Hardy, Y. Katzir, Y. Silberberg, “Low-power phase-conjugate interferometry,” Opt. Lett. 6, 414–416 (1981).
    [PubMed]
  7. Experiments are currently being performed to determine the minimum phase change across a beam that will be corrected by the self-pumped phase conjugator.
  8. J. Feinberg, D. H. Heiman, A. R. Tanguay, R. W. Hellwarth, “Photorefractive effects and light-induced charge migration in barium titanate,” J. Appl. Phys. 51, 1297–1305 (1980); J. Appl. Phys. 52, 537 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  9. J. Feinberg, R. W. Hellwarth, “Phase-conjugating mirror with continuous-wave gain,” Opt. Lett. 5, 519–521 (1980); Opt. Lett. 6, 257 (1981).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

1982 (2)

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, “Coherent oscillation by self-induced gratings in the photorefractive crystal BaTiO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450–452 (1982); M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, A. Yariv, “Passive (self-pumped) phase conjugate mirror: theoretical and experimental investigation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 689–691 (1982).
[Crossref]

J. Feinberg, “Self-pumped, continuous-wave phase conjugator using internal reflection,” Opt. Lett. 7, 486–488 (1982); K. R. MacDonald, J. Feinberg, “Theory of a self-pumped phase conjugator with two coupled interaction regions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 73, 548–553 (1983).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1981 (2)

1980 (4)

F. A. Hopf, “Interferometry using conjugate-wave generation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 70, 1320–1323 (1980); L. Sica, H. Szu, U.S. Patent4,280,764, Phase Conjugate Interferometer (July28, 1981).
[Crossref]

N. G. Basov, I. G. Zubarev, A. B. Mirondov, S. I. Mikhailov, A. Yu. Okulov, “Laser interferometer with wave-front-reversing mirrors,” Sov. Phys. JETP 52, 847–851 (1980).

J. Feinberg, D. H. Heiman, A. R. Tanguay, R. W. Hellwarth, “Photorefractive effects and light-induced charge migration in barium titanate,” J. Appl. Phys. 51, 1297–1305 (1980); J. Appl. Phys. 52, 537 (1981).
[Crossref]

J. Feinberg, R. W. Hellwarth, “Phase-conjugating mirror with continuous-wave gain,” Opt. Lett. 5, 519–521 (1980); Opt. Lett. 6, 257 (1981).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bar-Joseph, I.

Basov, N. G.

N. G. Basov, I. G. Zubarev, A. B. Mirondov, S. I. Mikhailov, A. Yu. Okulov, “Laser interferometer with wave-front-reversing mirrors,” Sov. Phys. JETP 52, 847–851 (1980).

Cronin-Golomb, M.

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, “Coherent oscillation by self-induced gratings in the photorefractive crystal BaTiO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450–452 (1982); M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, A. Yariv, “Passive (self-pumped) phase conjugate mirror: theoretical and experimental investigation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 689–691 (1982).
[Crossref]

Fainman, Y.

Feinberg, J.

Fischer, B.

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, “Coherent oscillation by self-induced gratings in the photorefractive crystal BaTiO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450–452 (1982); M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, A. Yariv, “Passive (self-pumped) phase conjugate mirror: theoretical and experimental investigation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 689–691 (1982).
[Crossref]

Hardy, A.

Heiman, D. H.

J. Feinberg, D. H. Heiman, A. R. Tanguay, R. W. Hellwarth, “Photorefractive effects and light-induced charge migration in barium titanate,” J. Appl. Phys. 51, 1297–1305 (1980); J. Appl. Phys. 52, 537 (1981).
[Crossref]

Hellwarth, R. W.

J. Feinberg, R. W. Hellwarth, “Phase-conjugating mirror with continuous-wave gain,” Opt. Lett. 5, 519–521 (1980); Opt. Lett. 6, 257 (1981).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Feinberg, D. H. Heiman, A. R. Tanguay, R. W. Hellwarth, “Photorefractive effects and light-induced charge migration in barium titanate,” J. Appl. Phys. 51, 1297–1305 (1980); J. Appl. Phys. 52, 537 (1981).
[Crossref]

Hopf, F. A.

Katzir, Y.

Lenz, E.

Mikhailov, S. I.

N. G. Basov, I. G. Zubarev, A. B. Mirondov, S. I. Mikhailov, A. Yu. Okulov, “Laser interferometer with wave-front-reversing mirrors,” Sov. Phys. JETP 52, 847–851 (1980).

Mirondov, A. B.

N. G. Basov, I. G. Zubarev, A. B. Mirondov, S. I. Mikhailov, A. Yu. Okulov, “Laser interferometer with wave-front-reversing mirrors,” Sov. Phys. JETP 52, 847–851 (1980).

Shamir, J.

Silberberg, Y.

Tanguay, A. R.

J. Feinberg, D. H. Heiman, A. R. Tanguay, R. W. Hellwarth, “Photorefractive effects and light-induced charge migration in barium titanate,” J. Appl. Phys. 51, 1297–1305 (1980); J. Appl. Phys. 52, 537 (1981).
[Crossref]

White, J. O.

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, “Coherent oscillation by self-induced gratings in the photorefractive crystal BaTiO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450–452 (1982); M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, A. Yariv, “Passive (self-pumped) phase conjugate mirror: theoretical and experimental investigation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 689–691 (1982).
[Crossref]

Yariv, A.

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, “Coherent oscillation by self-induced gratings in the photorefractive crystal BaTiO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450–452 (1982); M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, A. Yariv, “Passive (self-pumped) phase conjugate mirror: theoretical and experimental investigation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 689–691 (1982).
[Crossref]

Yu. Okulov, A.

N. G. Basov, I. G. Zubarev, A. B. Mirondov, S. I. Mikhailov, A. Yu. Okulov, “Laser interferometer with wave-front-reversing mirrors,” Sov. Phys. JETP 52, 847–851 (1980).

Zubarev, I. G.

N. G. Basov, I. G. Zubarev, A. B. Mirondov, S. I. Mikhailov, A. Yu. Okulov, “Laser interferometer with wave-front-reversing mirrors,” Sov. Phys. JETP 52, 847–851 (1980).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. O. White, M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, A. Yariv, “Coherent oscillation by self-induced gratings in the photorefractive crystal BaTiO3,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 40, 450–452 (1982); M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, A. Yariv, “Passive (self-pumped) phase conjugate mirror: theoretical and experimental investigation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 689–691 (1982).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. Feinberg, D. H. Heiman, A. R. Tanguay, R. W. Hellwarth, “Photorefractive effects and light-induced charge migration in barium titanate,” J. Appl. Phys. 51, 1297–1305 (1980); J. Appl. Phys. 52, 537 (1981).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

N. G. Basov, I. G. Zubarev, A. B. Mirondov, S. I. Mikhailov, A. Yu. Okulov, “Laser interferometer with wave-front-reversing mirrors,” Sov. Phys. JETP 52, 847–851 (1980).

Other (1)

Experiments are currently being performed to determine the minimum phase change across a beam that will be corrected by the self-pumped phase conjugator.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

A Michelson interferometer having a self-pumped phase conjugator in one arm. Light from a single-mode argon laser is spatially filtered by a lens and a pinhole, SF, and approximately collimated by lens L1. Beam splitter BS separates and recombines beams from the two interferometer arms. Lens L2 focuses the beam into the conjugator, which consists of a BaTiO3 crystal, whose c-axis direction is shown. The fringe pattern appears on a ground-glass screen S and is photographed.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Interference-fringe patterns: (a) self-pumped phase conjugator in one arm, (b) distorter in front of the phase-conjugator, (c) distorter in front of the ordinary mirror, and (d) no distorter and two ordinary mirrors, one tilted slightly off axis.

Equations (3)

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x n 2 = ( 2 n λ ) | R 1 R 2 R 1 R 2 | .
( x n ) 2 = n λ R .
( x n ) 2 = ( n λ R ) | R + 2 r r | ,

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