Abstract

Frequency-modulation spectroscopy was employed successfully to measure the Doppler-free absorption and dispersion signals originating from several two-photon transitions in 85Rb and 87Rb. The two-photon cross section of the hyperfine transition 5S1/2 (F = 2) → 5D5/2(F = 4) in 87Rb was determined to be σ(2) ≈ 4 × 10−20 cm4/W. The transition isotope shift (TIS) of the transition 5S1/2 → 5D5/2 between 87Rb and 85Rb was found to be ΔνTIS = +166 ± 2 MHz.

© 1983 Optical Society of America

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  1. G. C. Bjorklund, Opt. Lett. 5, 15 (1980).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. G. C. Bjorklund, M. D. Levenson, Phys. Rev. A 24, 66 (1981); J. L. Hall, L. Hollberg, T. Baer, H. G. Robinson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 680 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  3. W. Lenth, C. Ortiz, G. C. Bjorklund, Opt. Lett. 6, 351 (1981).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. T. F. Gallagher, R. Kachru, F. Gounand, G. C. Bjorklund, W. Lenth, Opt. Lett. 7, 28 (1982).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. R. W. P. Driever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. Murley, Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics, 325 Broadway, Boulder, Colorado 80303 (personal communication); R. G. Devoe, R. G. Brewer, IBM Research Laboratory, San Jose, California 95193 (personal communication); G. A. Sanders, M. G. Prentiss, S. Ezekiel, Opt. Lett. 6, 569 (1981); A. Schenzle, R. G. Devoe, R. G. Brewer, Phys. Rev. A 25, 2606 (1982).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. P. F. Liao, G. C. Bjorklund, Phys. Rev. A 36, 584 (1976).
  7. D. Bloch, M. Ducloy, E. Giacobino, J. Phys. B 14, L819 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  8. M. D. Levenson, G. L. Eesley, Appl. Phys. 19, 1–17 (1979).
    [Crossref]
  9. A. Gallagher, E. L. Lewis, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 63, 864 (1973).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  12. C. -J. Lorenzen, K. Niemax, J. Phys. B. 15, L139 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  13. B. P. Stoicheff, E. Weinberger, Can. J. Phys. 57, 2143 (1979).
    [Crossref]
  14. B. Burghardt, W. Jitschin, G. Meisel, Appl. Phys. 20, 141 (1979).
    [Crossref]
  15. G. Grynberg, F. Biraben, E. Giacobino, B. Cagnac, J. Phys. (Paris) 38, 629 (1977).
    [Crossref]

1982 (2)

1981 (3)

G. C. Bjorklund, M. D. Levenson, Phys. Rev. A 24, 66 (1981); J. L. Hall, L. Hollberg, T. Baer, H. G. Robinson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 680 (1981).
[Crossref]

W. Lenth, C. Ortiz, G. C. Bjorklund, Opt. Lett. 6, 351 (1981).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Bloch, M. Ducloy, E. Giacobino, J. Phys. B 14, L819 (1981).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

1979 (3)

M. D. Levenson, G. L. Eesley, Appl. Phys. 19, 1–17 (1979).
[Crossref]

B. P. Stoicheff, E. Weinberger, Can. J. Phys. 57, 2143 (1979).
[Crossref]

B. Burghardt, W. Jitschin, G. Meisel, Appl. Phys. 20, 141 (1979).
[Crossref]

1978 (1)

G. M. Carter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 810 (1978); G. Magerl, E. Bonek, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 452 (1979).
[Crossref]

1977 (2)

E. Arimondo, M. Inguscio, P. Violino, Rev. Mod. Phys. 49, 31 (1977).
[Crossref]

G. Grynberg, F. Biraben, E. Giacobino, B. Cagnac, J. Phys. (Paris) 38, 629 (1977).
[Crossref]

1976 (1)

P. F. Liao, G. C. Bjorklund, Phys. Rev. A 36, 584 (1976).

1973 (1)

Arimondo, E.

E. Arimondo, M. Inguscio, P. Violino, Rev. Mod. Phys. 49, 31 (1977).
[Crossref]

Biraben, F.

G. Grynberg, F. Biraben, E. Giacobino, B. Cagnac, J. Phys. (Paris) 38, 629 (1977).
[Crossref]

Bjorklund, G. C.

T. F. Gallagher, R. Kachru, F. Gounand, G. C. Bjorklund, W. Lenth, Opt. Lett. 7, 28 (1982).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. C. Bjorklund, M. D. Levenson, Phys. Rev. A 24, 66 (1981); J. L. Hall, L. Hollberg, T. Baer, H. G. Robinson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 680 (1981).
[Crossref]

W. Lenth, C. Ortiz, G. C. Bjorklund, Opt. Lett. 6, 351 (1981).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. C. Bjorklund, Opt. Lett. 5, 15 (1980).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. F. Liao, G. C. Bjorklund, Phys. Rev. A 36, 584 (1976).

Bloch, D.

D. Bloch, M. Ducloy, E. Giacobino, J. Phys. B 14, L819 (1981).
[Crossref]

Burghardt, B.

B. Burghardt, W. Jitschin, G. Meisel, Appl. Phys. 20, 141 (1979).
[Crossref]

Cagnac, B.

G. Grynberg, F. Biraben, E. Giacobino, B. Cagnac, J. Phys. (Paris) 38, 629 (1977).
[Crossref]

Carter, G. M.

G. M. Carter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 810 (1978); G. Magerl, E. Bonek, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 452 (1979).
[Crossref]

Driever, R. W. P.

R. W. P. Driever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. Murley, Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics, 325 Broadway, Boulder, Colorado 80303 (personal communication); R. G. Devoe, R. G. Brewer, IBM Research Laboratory, San Jose, California 95193 (personal communication); G. A. Sanders, M. G. Prentiss, S. Ezekiel, Opt. Lett. 6, 569 (1981); A. Schenzle, R. G. Devoe, R. G. Brewer, Phys. Rev. A 25, 2606 (1982).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ducloy, M.

D. Bloch, M. Ducloy, E. Giacobino, J. Phys. B 14, L819 (1981).
[Crossref]

Eesley, G. L.

M. D. Levenson, G. L. Eesley, Appl. Phys. 19, 1–17 (1979).
[Crossref]

Ford, G. M.

R. W. P. Driever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. Murley, Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics, 325 Broadway, Boulder, Colorado 80303 (personal communication); R. G. Devoe, R. G. Brewer, IBM Research Laboratory, San Jose, California 95193 (personal communication); G. A. Sanders, M. G. Prentiss, S. Ezekiel, Opt. Lett. 6, 569 (1981); A. Schenzle, R. G. Devoe, R. G. Brewer, Phys. Rev. A 25, 2606 (1982).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gallagher, A.

Gallagher, T. F.

Giacobino, E.

D. Bloch, M. Ducloy, E. Giacobino, J. Phys. B 14, L819 (1981).
[Crossref]

G. Grynberg, F. Biraben, E. Giacobino, B. Cagnac, J. Phys. (Paris) 38, 629 (1977).
[Crossref]

Gounand, F.

Grynberg, G.

G. Grynberg, F. Biraben, E. Giacobino, B. Cagnac, J. Phys. (Paris) 38, 629 (1977).
[Crossref]

Hall, J. L.

R. W. P. Driever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. Murley, Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics, 325 Broadway, Boulder, Colorado 80303 (personal communication); R. G. Devoe, R. G. Brewer, IBM Research Laboratory, San Jose, California 95193 (personal communication); G. A. Sanders, M. G. Prentiss, S. Ezekiel, Opt. Lett. 6, 569 (1981); A. Schenzle, R. G. Devoe, R. G. Brewer, Phys. Rev. A 25, 2606 (1982).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hough, J.

R. W. P. Driever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. Murley, Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics, 325 Broadway, Boulder, Colorado 80303 (personal communication); R. G. Devoe, R. G. Brewer, IBM Research Laboratory, San Jose, California 95193 (personal communication); G. A. Sanders, M. G. Prentiss, S. Ezekiel, Opt. Lett. 6, 569 (1981); A. Schenzle, R. G. Devoe, R. G. Brewer, Phys. Rev. A 25, 2606 (1982).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Inguscio, M.

E. Arimondo, M. Inguscio, P. Violino, Rev. Mod. Phys. 49, 31 (1977).
[Crossref]

Jitschin, W.

B. Burghardt, W. Jitschin, G. Meisel, Appl. Phys. 20, 141 (1979).
[Crossref]

Kachru, R.

Kowalski, F. V.

R. W. P. Driever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. Murley, Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics, 325 Broadway, Boulder, Colorado 80303 (personal communication); R. G. Devoe, R. G. Brewer, IBM Research Laboratory, San Jose, California 95193 (personal communication); G. A. Sanders, M. G. Prentiss, S. Ezekiel, Opt. Lett. 6, 569 (1981); A. Schenzle, R. G. Devoe, R. G. Brewer, Phys. Rev. A 25, 2606 (1982).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lenth, W.

Levenson, M. D.

G. C. Bjorklund, M. D. Levenson, Phys. Rev. A 24, 66 (1981); J. L. Hall, L. Hollberg, T. Baer, H. G. Robinson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 680 (1981).
[Crossref]

M. D. Levenson, G. L. Eesley, Appl. Phys. 19, 1–17 (1979).
[Crossref]

Lewis, E. L.

Liao, P. F.

P. F. Liao, G. C. Bjorklund, Phys. Rev. A 36, 584 (1976).

Lorenzen, C. -J.

C. -J. Lorenzen, K. Niemax, J. Phys. B. 15, L139 (1982).
[Crossref]

Meisel, G.

B. Burghardt, W. Jitschin, G. Meisel, Appl. Phys. 20, 141 (1979).
[Crossref]

Murley, A.

R. W. P. Driever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. Murley, Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics, 325 Broadway, Boulder, Colorado 80303 (personal communication); R. G. Devoe, R. G. Brewer, IBM Research Laboratory, San Jose, California 95193 (personal communication); G. A. Sanders, M. G. Prentiss, S. Ezekiel, Opt. Lett. 6, 569 (1981); A. Schenzle, R. G. Devoe, R. G. Brewer, Phys. Rev. A 25, 2606 (1982).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Niemax, K.

C. -J. Lorenzen, K. Niemax, J. Phys. B. 15, L139 (1982).
[Crossref]

Ortiz, C.

Stoicheff, B. P.

B. P. Stoicheff, E. Weinberger, Can. J. Phys. 57, 2143 (1979).
[Crossref]

Violino, P.

E. Arimondo, M. Inguscio, P. Violino, Rev. Mod. Phys. 49, 31 (1977).
[Crossref]

Weinberger, E.

B. P. Stoicheff, E. Weinberger, Can. J. Phys. 57, 2143 (1979).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. (2)

M. D. Levenson, G. L. Eesley, Appl. Phys. 19, 1–17 (1979).
[Crossref]

B. Burghardt, W. Jitschin, G. Meisel, Appl. Phys. 20, 141 (1979).
[Crossref]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

G. M. Carter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 810 (1978); G. Magerl, E. Bonek, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 452 (1979).
[Crossref]

Can. J. Phys. (1)

B. P. Stoicheff, E. Weinberger, Can. J. Phys. 57, 2143 (1979).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Phys. (Paris) (1)

G. Grynberg, F. Biraben, E. Giacobino, B. Cagnac, J. Phys. (Paris) 38, 629 (1977).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. B (1)

D. Bloch, M. Ducloy, E. Giacobino, J. Phys. B 14, L819 (1981).
[Crossref]

J. Phys. B. (1)

C. -J. Lorenzen, K. Niemax, J. Phys. B. 15, L139 (1982).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

G. C. Bjorklund, M. D. Levenson, Phys. Rev. A 24, 66 (1981); J. L. Hall, L. Hollberg, T. Baer, H. G. Robinson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 680 (1981).
[Crossref]

P. F. Liao, G. C. Bjorklund, Phys. Rev. A 36, 584 (1976).

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

E. Arimondo, M. Inguscio, P. Violino, Rev. Mod. Phys. 49, 31 (1977).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

R. W. P. Driever, J. L. Hall, F. V. Kowalski, J. Hough, G. M. Ford, A. Murley, Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics, 325 Broadway, Boulder, Colorado 80303 (personal communication); R. G. Devoe, R. G. Brewer, IBM Research Laboratory, San Jose, California 95193 (personal communication); G. A. Sanders, M. G. Prentiss, S. Ezekiel, Opt. Lett. 6, 569 (1981); A. Schenzle, R. G. Devoe, R. G. Brewer, Phys. Rev. A 25, 2606 (1982).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for Doppler-free two-photon FM spectroscopy. The vertical polarization direction is contained in the plane of the figure.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Doppler-free FM spectroscopy of a hyperfine transition: the full scan of the in-phase signal provides the absorption feature twice; the inset shows part of the corresponding dispersion signal.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Difference-frequency measurement with FM spectroscopy.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental scan for a difference-frequency measurement. Note that fluorescence detection was employed. The relative line intensities and positions indicated are calculated according to the theory of Grynberg et al.15

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