Abstract

Third-harmonic generation to 1182 Å is reported in a pulsed supersonic jet of xenon. Using a valve equipped with a 1-mm-diameter nozzle and for an incident power of 18 MW at 3547 Å, I have obtained a peak power of 260 W in a 2.9-nsec pulse, corresponding to 4.7 × 1011 photons per pulse and an average power of 7.5 μW at 1182 Å. The measured conversion efficiency is comparable with that in a bulk-gas cell.

© 1983 Optical Society of America

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  1. W. R. Gentry, C. F. Giese, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 49, 595 (1978).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. R. L. Byer, M. D. Duncan, J. Chem. Phys. 74, 2174 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Auerbach, R. McDiarmid, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 51, 1273 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. B. Cross, J. J. Valentini, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 53, 38 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. H. Kung, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 301 (1973); Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 239 (E) (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. H. Kung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 653 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. Mahon, T. J. McIlrath, V. P. Myerscough, D. W. Koopman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 444 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. M. Yiu, K. D. Bonin, T. J. McIlrath, Opt. Lett. 7, 268 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. D. Duncan, P. Oesterlin, R. L. Byer, Opt. Lett. 6, 90 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. P. L. Jones, U. Hefter, K. Bergman, B. Wellegehausen, Verh. Dtsch. Phys. Ges. 17, 312 (1982).
  11. J. A. R. Samson, Techniques of Vacuum Ultraviolet Spectroscopy, (Wiley, New York, 1967), p. 253.
  12. G. C. Bjorklund, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 287 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  13. H. Ashkenas, F. S. Sherman, in Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Rarified Gas Dynamics, J. H. DeLeeuw, ed. (Academic, New York, 1965), p. 84.
  14. L. J. Zych, J. F. Young, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 147 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. K. Stober, R. Scolnick, J. P. Hennes, Appl. Opt. 2, 735 (1963).
    [CrossRef]

1982 (3)

J. B. Cross, J. J. Valentini, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 53, 38 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Y. M. Yiu, K. D. Bonin, T. J. McIlrath, Opt. Lett. 7, 268 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. L. Jones, U. Hefter, K. Bergman, B. Wellegehausen, Verh. Dtsch. Phys. Ges. 17, 312 (1982).

1981 (2)

1980 (1)

A. Auerbach, R. McDiarmid, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 51, 1273 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

R. Mahon, T. J. McIlrath, V. P. Myerscough, D. W. Koopman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 444 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978 (2)

L. J. Zych, J. F. Young, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 147 (1978).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Gentry, C. F. Giese, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 49, 595 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1975 (1)

G. C. Bjorklund, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 287 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

A. H. Kung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 653 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

A. H. Kung, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 301 (1973); Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 239 (E) (1976).
[CrossRef]

1963 (1)

Ashkenas, H.

H. Ashkenas, F. S. Sherman, in Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Rarified Gas Dynamics, J. H. DeLeeuw, ed. (Academic, New York, 1965), p. 84.

Auerbach, A.

A. Auerbach, R. McDiarmid, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 51, 1273 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Bergman, K.

P. L. Jones, U. Hefter, K. Bergman, B. Wellegehausen, Verh. Dtsch. Phys. Ges. 17, 312 (1982).

Bjorklund, G. C.

G. C. Bjorklund, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 287 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Bonin, K. D.

Byer, R. L.

Cross, J. B.

J. B. Cross, J. J. Valentini, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 53, 38 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Duncan, M. D.

Gentry, W. R.

W. R. Gentry, C. F. Giese, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 49, 595 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Giese, C. F.

W. R. Gentry, C. F. Giese, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 49, 595 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harris, S. E.

A. H. Kung, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 301 (1973); Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 239 (E) (1976).
[CrossRef]

Hefter, U.

P. L. Jones, U. Hefter, K. Bergman, B. Wellegehausen, Verh. Dtsch. Phys. Ges. 17, 312 (1982).

Hennes, J. P.

Jones, P. L.

P. L. Jones, U. Hefter, K. Bergman, B. Wellegehausen, Verh. Dtsch. Phys. Ges. 17, 312 (1982).

Koopman, D. W.

R. Mahon, T. J. McIlrath, V. P. Myerscough, D. W. Koopman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 444 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Kung, A. H.

A. H. Kung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 653 (1974).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Kung, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 301 (1973); Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 239 (E) (1976).
[CrossRef]

Mahon, R.

R. Mahon, T. J. McIlrath, V. P. Myerscough, D. W. Koopman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 444 (1979).
[CrossRef]

McDiarmid, R.

A. Auerbach, R. McDiarmid, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 51, 1273 (1980).
[CrossRef]

McIlrath, T. J.

Y. M. Yiu, K. D. Bonin, T. J. McIlrath, Opt. Lett. 7, 268 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Mahon, T. J. McIlrath, V. P. Myerscough, D. W. Koopman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 444 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Myerscough, V. P.

R. Mahon, T. J. McIlrath, V. P. Myerscough, D. W. Koopman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 444 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Oesterlin, P.

Samson, J. A. R.

J. A. R. Samson, Techniques of Vacuum Ultraviolet Spectroscopy, (Wiley, New York, 1967), p. 253.

Scolnick, R.

Sherman, F. S.

H. Ashkenas, F. S. Sherman, in Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Rarified Gas Dynamics, J. H. DeLeeuw, ed. (Academic, New York, 1965), p. 84.

Stober, A. K.

Valentini, J. J.

J. B. Cross, J. J. Valentini, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 53, 38 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Wellegehausen, B.

P. L. Jones, U. Hefter, K. Bergman, B. Wellegehausen, Verh. Dtsch. Phys. Ges. 17, 312 (1982).

Yiu, Y. M.

Young, J. F.

L. J. Zych, J. F. Young, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 147 (1978).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Kung, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 301 (1973); Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 239 (E) (1976).
[CrossRef]

Zych, L. J.

L. J. Zych, J. F. Young, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 147 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

A. H. Kung, J. F. Young, S. E. Harris, Appl. Phys. Lett. 22, 301 (1973); Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 239 (E) (1976).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Kung, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 653 (1974).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

R. Mahon, T. J. McIlrath, V. P. Myerscough, D. W. Koopman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 444 (1979).
[CrossRef]

G. C. Bjorklund, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 287 (1975).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Zych, J. F. Young, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 147 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

R. L. Byer, M. D. Duncan, J. Chem. Phys. 74, 2174 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (3)

A. Auerbach, R. McDiarmid, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 51, 1273 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Cross, J. J. Valentini, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 53, 38 (1982).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Gentry, C. F. Giese, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 49, 595 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Verh. Dtsch. Phys. Ges. (1)

P. L. Jones, U. Hefter, K. Bergman, B. Wellegehausen, Verh. Dtsch. Phys. Ges. 17, 312 (1982).

Other (2)

J. A. R. Samson, Techniques of Vacuum Ultraviolet Spectroscopy, (Wiley, New York, 1967), p. 253.

H. Ashkenas, F. S. Sherman, in Proceedings of the Fourth International Symposium on Rarified Gas Dynamics, J. H. DeLeeuw, ed. (Academic, New York, 1965), p. 84.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental arrangement for VUV generation in a pulsed supersonic jet.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Generated signal versus xenon pressure in the valve reservoir. Nozzle diameter was 1 mm. Incident power at 3547 Å was 2 MW.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Summary of Results of Third-Harmonic Generation in a Pulsed Jet and in a Gas Cell

Equations (2)

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ρ = ρ 0 ( 1 + M 2 / 3 ) - 3 / 2 ,
M = 3.26 ( X / D - 0.075 ) 2 / 3 - 2 / [ 3.26 ( X / D - 0.075 ) 2 / 3 ] ,

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