Abstract

An optical waveguide phase modulator has been fabricated on X-cut LiNbO3 by using proton exchange in benzoic acid. The phase modulator was operated as a serrodyne optical-frequency translator with shifted-signal to image-signal discrimination of 52 dB for a 4-MHz frequency shift. The amplitude of the sawtooth driving signal was 10 V peak to peak. Application of a de bias voltage of either polarity was found to cause a substantial reduction in transmitted-light intensity.

© 1982 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. K. K. Wong, S. Wright, “An optical serrodyne frequency translator,” presented at the First European Conference on Integrated Optics, London, September 14–15, 1981.
  2. T. G. Giallorenzi, J. A. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, R. G. Priest, “Optical fiber sensor technology,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 626–665 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. F. Cahill, E. Udd, “Solid-state phase-nulling optical gyro,” Appl. Opt. 19, 3054–3056 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. R. C. Cumming, “The serrodyne frequency translator,” Proc. IRE 45, 175–186 (1957).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. L. Jackel, C. E. Rice, J. J. Veselka, “Proton exchange for high index waveguides in LiNbO3,” in Digest of Topical Meeting on Integrated and Guided-Wave Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1982), postdeadline paper.
  6. K. K. Wong, S. Wright, R. M. De La Rue, “Performance of a serrodyne optical frequency translator,” in Digest of Topical Meeting on Integrated and Guided-Wave Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1982).
  7. E. Voges, A. Neyer, “Optical network analysis by phase modulated single sideband detection,” presented at the First European Conference on Integrated Optics, London, September 14–15, 1981.

1982 (1)

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. A. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, R. G. Priest, “Optical fiber sensor technology,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 626–665 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1980 (1)

1957 (1)

R. C. Cumming, “The serrodyne frequency translator,” Proc. IRE 45, 175–186 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Bucaro, J. A.

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. A. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, R. G. Priest, “Optical fiber sensor technology,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 626–665 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Cahill, R. F.

Cole, J. H.

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. A. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, R. G. Priest, “Optical fiber sensor technology,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 626–665 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Cumming, R. C.

R. C. Cumming, “The serrodyne frequency translator,” Proc. IRE 45, 175–186 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Dandridge, A.

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. A. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, R. G. Priest, “Optical fiber sensor technology,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 626–665 (1982).
[CrossRef]

De La Rue, R. M.

K. K. Wong, S. Wright, R. M. De La Rue, “Performance of a serrodyne optical frequency translator,” in Digest of Topical Meeting on Integrated and Guided-Wave Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1982).

Giallorenzi, T. G.

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. A. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, R. G. Priest, “Optical fiber sensor technology,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 626–665 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Jackel, J. L.

J. L. Jackel, C. E. Rice, J. J. Veselka, “Proton exchange for high index waveguides in LiNbO3,” in Digest of Topical Meeting on Integrated and Guided-Wave Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1982), postdeadline paper.

Neyer, A.

E. Voges, A. Neyer, “Optical network analysis by phase modulated single sideband detection,” presented at the First European Conference on Integrated Optics, London, September 14–15, 1981.

Priest, R. G.

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. A. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, R. G. Priest, “Optical fiber sensor technology,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 626–665 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Rashleigh, S. C.

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. A. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, R. G. Priest, “Optical fiber sensor technology,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 626–665 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Rice, C. E.

J. L. Jackel, C. E. Rice, J. J. Veselka, “Proton exchange for high index waveguides in LiNbO3,” in Digest of Topical Meeting on Integrated and Guided-Wave Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1982), postdeadline paper.

Sigel, G. H.

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. A. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, R. G. Priest, “Optical fiber sensor technology,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 626–665 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Udd, E.

Veselka, J. J.

J. L. Jackel, C. E. Rice, J. J. Veselka, “Proton exchange for high index waveguides in LiNbO3,” in Digest of Topical Meeting on Integrated and Guided-Wave Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1982), postdeadline paper.

Voges, E.

E. Voges, A. Neyer, “Optical network analysis by phase modulated single sideband detection,” presented at the First European Conference on Integrated Optics, London, September 14–15, 1981.

Wong, K. K.

K. K. Wong, S. Wright, R. M. De La Rue, “Performance of a serrodyne optical frequency translator,” in Digest of Topical Meeting on Integrated and Guided-Wave Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1982).

K. K. Wong, S. Wright, “An optical serrodyne frequency translator,” presented at the First European Conference on Integrated Optics, London, September 14–15, 1981.

Wright, S.

K. K. Wong, S. Wright, “An optical serrodyne frequency translator,” presented at the First European Conference on Integrated Optics, London, September 14–15, 1981.

K. K. Wong, S. Wright, R. M. De La Rue, “Performance of a serrodyne optical frequency translator,” in Digest of Topical Meeting on Integrated and Guided-Wave Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1982).

Appl. Opt. (1)

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. G. Giallorenzi, J. A. Bucaro, A. Dandridge, G. H. Sigel, J. H. Cole, S. C. Rashleigh, R. G. Priest, “Optical fiber sensor technology,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 626–665 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Proc. IRE (1)

R. C. Cumming, “The serrodyne frequency translator,” Proc. IRE 45, 175–186 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

J. L. Jackel, C. E. Rice, J. J. Veselka, “Proton exchange for high index waveguides in LiNbO3,” in Digest of Topical Meeting on Integrated and Guided-Wave Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1982), postdeadline paper.

K. K. Wong, S. Wright, R. M. De La Rue, “Performance of a serrodyne optical frequency translator,” in Digest of Topical Meeting on Integrated and Guided-Wave Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1982).

E. Voges, A. Neyer, “Optical network analysis by phase modulated single sideband detection,” presented at the First European Conference on Integrated Optics, London, September 14–15, 1981.

K. K. Wong, S. Wright, “An optical serrodyne frequency translator,” presented at the First European Conference on Integrated Optics, London, September 14–15, 1981.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of proton-exchange phase modulator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of experimental arrangement.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Spectrum associated with downshift in frequency. (b) Spectrum associated with upshift in frequency [fB (Bragg frequency) = 21.0 MHz, fm (modulation frequency) = 4.0 MHz].

Equations (2)

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A ( t ) = sin [ ω c t + k v ( t ) ] ,
A ( t ) = sin ( ω c + ω m ) t .

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