Abstract

An all-fiber ring resonator, constructed from a single strand of single-mode optical fiber and a directional coupler, is shown to have a low threshold for stimulated Brillouin laser action. The 10-m-perimeter fiber ring resonator has a low round-trip loss of under 3.5% and an inherent pump-power enhancement of approximately 30. Lasing threshold for the 4.0-μm-core fiber occurred with a pump power of 0.56 mW at λ = 6328 Å and 1.74 mW at λ = 5145 Å.

© 1982 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. P. J. Thomas, H. M. van Driel, G. I. A. Stegeman, “Possibility of using an optical fiber Brillouin ring laser for inertial sensing,” Appl. Opt. 19, 1906 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, D. C. Johnson, “Cw Brillouin laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 608 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. R. Ponikvar, S. Ezekiel, “Stabilized single-frequency stimulated Brillouin fiber ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 6, 398 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. L. F. Stokes, M. Chodorow, H. J. Shaw, “All single-mode fiber resonator,” Opt. Lett. 7, 288 (1982).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. R. A. Bergh, G. Kotler, H. J. Shaw, “Single-mode fibre optic directional coupler,” Electron. Lett. 16, 260 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. J. F. Digonnet, H. J. Shaw, “Analysis of tunable single mode optical fiber coupler,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 746 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  7. N. L. Rowell, P. J. Thomas, H. M. van Driel, G. I. Stegeman, “Brillouin spectrum of single-mode optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 139 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  8. E. P. Ippen, R. H. Stolen, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 539 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. C. Lefevre, “Single-mode fibre fractional wave devices and polarization controllers,” Electron. Lett. 16, 778 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. G. Smith, “Optical power handling capacity of low loss optical fibers as determined by stimulated Raman and Brillouin scattering,” Appl. Opt. 11, 2489 (1972).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1982 (2)

L. F. Stokes, M. Chodorow, H. J. Shaw, “All single-mode fiber resonator,” Opt. Lett. 7, 288 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. F. Digonnet, H. J. Shaw, “Analysis of tunable single mode optical fiber coupler,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 746 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

1980 (3)

H. C. Lefevre, “Single-mode fibre fractional wave devices and polarization controllers,” Electron. Lett. 16, 778 (1980).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Bergh, G. Kotler, H. J. Shaw, “Single-mode fibre optic directional coupler,” Electron. Lett. 16, 260 (1980).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Thomas, H. M. van Driel, G. I. A. Stegeman, “Possibility of using an optical fiber Brillouin ring laser for inertial sensing,” Appl. Opt. 19, 1906 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1979 (1)

N. L. Rowell, P. J. Thomas, H. M. van Driel, G. I. Stegeman, “Brillouin spectrum of single-mode optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 139 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, D. C. Johnson, “Cw Brillouin laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 608 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1972 (2)

Bergh, R. A.

R. A. Bergh, G. Kotler, H. J. Shaw, “Single-mode fibre optic directional coupler,” Electron. Lett. 16, 260 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Chodorow, M.

Digonnet, M. J. F.

M. J. F. Digonnet, H. J. Shaw, “Analysis of tunable single mode optical fiber coupler,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 746 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Ezekiel, S.

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, D. C. Johnson, “Cw Brillouin laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 608 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

E. P. Ippen, R. H. Stolen, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 539 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, D. C.

K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, D. C. Johnson, “Cw Brillouin laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 608 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Kawasaki, B. S.

K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, D. C. Johnson, “Cw Brillouin laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 608 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Kotler, G.

R. A. Bergh, G. Kotler, H. J. Shaw, “Single-mode fibre optic directional coupler,” Electron. Lett. 16, 260 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Lefevre, H. C.

H. C. Lefevre, “Single-mode fibre fractional wave devices and polarization controllers,” Electron. Lett. 16, 778 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Ponikvar, D. R.

Rowell, N. L.

N. L. Rowell, P. J. Thomas, H. M. van Driel, G. I. Stegeman, “Brillouin spectrum of single-mode optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 139 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, H. J.

M. J. F. Digonnet, H. J. Shaw, “Analysis of tunable single mode optical fiber coupler,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 746 (1982).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Stokes, M. Chodorow, H. J. Shaw, “All single-mode fiber resonator,” Opt. Lett. 7, 288 (1982).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Bergh, G. Kotler, H. J. Shaw, “Single-mode fibre optic directional coupler,” Electron. Lett. 16, 260 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Smith, R. G.

Stegeman, G. I.

N. L. Rowell, P. J. Thomas, H. M. van Driel, G. I. Stegeman, “Brillouin spectrum of single-mode optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 139 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Stegeman, G. I. A.

Stokes, L. F.

Stolen, R. H.

E. P. Ippen, R. H. Stolen, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 539 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Thomas, P. J.

P. J. Thomas, H. M. van Driel, G. I. A. Stegeman, “Possibility of using an optical fiber Brillouin ring laser for inertial sensing,” Appl. Opt. 19, 1906 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. L. Rowell, P. J. Thomas, H. M. van Driel, G. I. Stegeman, “Brillouin spectrum of single-mode optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 139 (1979).
[CrossRef]

van Driel, H. M.

P. J. Thomas, H. M. van Driel, G. I. A. Stegeman, “Possibility of using an optical fiber Brillouin ring laser for inertial sensing,” Appl. Opt. 19, 1906 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. L. Rowell, P. J. Thomas, H. M. van Driel, G. I. Stegeman, “Brillouin spectrum of single-mode optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 139 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, D. C. Johnson, “Cw Brillouin laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 608 (1976).
[CrossRef]

N. L. Rowell, P. J. Thomas, H. M. van Driel, G. I. Stegeman, “Brillouin spectrum of single-mode optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 139 (1979).
[CrossRef]

E. P. Ippen, R. H. Stolen, “Stimulated Brillouin scattering in optical fibers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 539 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

H. C. Lefevre, “Single-mode fibre fractional wave devices and polarization controllers,” Electron. Lett. 16, 778 (1980).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Bergh, G. Kotler, H. J. Shaw, “Single-mode fibre optic directional coupler,” Electron. Lett. 16, 260 (1980).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

M. J. F. Digonnet, H. J. Shaw, “Analysis of tunable single mode optical fiber coupler,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 746 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

All-fiber stimulated Brillouin ring laser showing input pump power Pi, resonant circulating pump power Pc, and backward-traveling stimulated Brillouin wave.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Frequency trace of fiber resonator reflected waves (a) below stimulated Brillouin lasing threshold and (b) above threshold. Horizontal scale is 1.25 GHz per large division.

Equations (6)

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κ r = ( 1 γ 0 ) exp ( 2 α 0 L ) ,
P c P i = 1 γ 0 1 κ r .
F = π κ r 1 κ r .
[ ( 1 γ 0 ) exp ( 2 α 0 L ) ] 2 exp ( g P c L eff / A ) = 1 .
P c , threshold = 2 A g L ( γ 0 + 2 α 0 L ) 2 A g L π F ,
P i , threshold = 2 A g L ( γ 0 + 2 α 0 L ) 2 1 γ 0 2 A g L π 2 F 2 .

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