Abstract

Perturbations in highly birefringent single-mode fibers couple the two polarization modes and degrade the polarization-holding ability. With a broadband source we demonstrate wavelength averaging of the power in either mode, permitting a simple measurement of the power transfer to the cross-polarized mode as a function of fiber length. Using this technique, we confirm experimentally the theory of random mode coupling between the polarization modes.

© 1982 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. H. Stolen, V. Ramaswamy, P. Kaiser, W. Pleibel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 699 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. B. Dyott, J. R. Cozens, D. G. Morris, Electron. Lett. 15, 382 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  3. T. Okoshi, K. Ayamada, Electron. Lett. 16, 712 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Katsuyama, H. Matsumura, T. Suganuma, Electron. Lett. 17, 473 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  5. S. Machida, J. Sakai, T. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 17, 494 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Okamoto, Y. Sasaki, T. Miya, M. Kawachi, T. Edahiro, Electron. Lett. 16, 768 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Monerie, L. Jeunhomme, E. Vasallo, Electron. Lett. 16, 954 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  8. I. P. Kaminow, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 15 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. C. Rashleigh, R. Ulrich, Opt. Lett. 3, 60, (1978).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Y. Yen, R. Ulrich, Opt. Lett. 6, 278, (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. W. Eickhoff, Y. Yen, R. Ulrich, Appl. Opt. 20, 3428 (1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. J. D. Love, R. A. Sammut, A. W. Snyder, Electron. Lett. 15, 615 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. H. Stolen, E. H. Turner, Appl. Opt. 19, 842 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1981 (5)

T. Katsuyama, H. Matsumura, T. Suganuma, Electron. Lett. 17, 473 (1981).
[CrossRef]

S. Machida, J. Sakai, T. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 17, 494 (1981).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Kaminow, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 15 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Y. Yen, R. Ulrich, Opt. Lett. 6, 278, (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Eickhoff, Y. Yen, R. Ulrich, Appl. Opt. 20, 3428 (1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1980 (4)

T. Okoshi, K. Ayamada, Electron. Lett. 16, 712 (1980).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen, E. H. Turner, Appl. Opt. 19, 842 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Okamoto, Y. Sasaki, T. Miya, M. Kawachi, T. Edahiro, Electron. Lett. 16, 768 (1980).
[CrossRef]

M. Monerie, L. Jeunhomme, E. Vasallo, Electron. Lett. 16, 954 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979 (2)

R. B. Dyott, J. R. Cozens, D. G. Morris, Electron. Lett. 15, 382 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Love, R. A. Sammut, A. W. Snyder, Electron. Lett. 15, 615 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978 (2)

R. H. Stolen, V. Ramaswamy, P. Kaiser, W. Pleibel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 699 (1978).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Rashleigh, R. Ulrich, Opt. Lett. 3, 60, (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ayamada, K.

T. Okoshi, K. Ayamada, Electron. Lett. 16, 712 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Cozens, J. R.

R. B. Dyott, J. R. Cozens, D. G. Morris, Electron. Lett. 15, 382 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Dyott, R. B.

R. B. Dyott, J. R. Cozens, D. G. Morris, Electron. Lett. 15, 382 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Edahiro, T.

K. Okamoto, Y. Sasaki, T. Miya, M. Kawachi, T. Edahiro, Electron. Lett. 16, 768 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Eickhoff, W.

Jeunhomme, L.

M. Monerie, L. Jeunhomme, E. Vasallo, Electron. Lett. 16, 954 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, P.

R. H. Stolen, V. Ramaswamy, P. Kaiser, W. Pleibel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 699 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Kaminow, I. P.

I. P. Kaminow, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 15 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Katsuyama, T.

T. Katsuyama, H. Matsumura, T. Suganuma, Electron. Lett. 17, 473 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Kawachi, M.

K. Okamoto, Y. Sasaki, T. Miya, M. Kawachi, T. Edahiro, Electron. Lett. 16, 768 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, T.

S. Machida, J. Sakai, T. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 17, 494 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Love, J. D.

J. D. Love, R. A. Sammut, A. W. Snyder, Electron. Lett. 15, 615 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Machida, S.

S. Machida, J. Sakai, T. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 17, 494 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Matsumura, H.

T. Katsuyama, H. Matsumura, T. Suganuma, Electron. Lett. 17, 473 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Miya, T.

K. Okamoto, Y. Sasaki, T. Miya, M. Kawachi, T. Edahiro, Electron. Lett. 16, 768 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Monerie, M.

M. Monerie, L. Jeunhomme, E. Vasallo, Electron. Lett. 16, 954 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Morris, D. G.

R. B. Dyott, J. R. Cozens, D. G. Morris, Electron. Lett. 15, 382 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, K.

K. Okamoto, Y. Sasaki, T. Miya, M. Kawachi, T. Edahiro, Electron. Lett. 16, 768 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Okoshi, T.

T. Okoshi, K. Ayamada, Electron. Lett. 16, 712 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Pleibel, W.

R. H. Stolen, V. Ramaswamy, P. Kaiser, W. Pleibel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 699 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Ramaswamy, V.

R. H. Stolen, V. Ramaswamy, P. Kaiser, W. Pleibel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 699 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Rashleigh, S. C.

Sakai, J.

S. Machida, J. Sakai, T. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 17, 494 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Sammut, R. A.

J. D. Love, R. A. Sammut, A. W. Snyder, Electron. Lett. 15, 615 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, Y.

K. Okamoto, Y. Sasaki, T. Miya, M. Kawachi, T. Edahiro, Electron. Lett. 16, 768 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Snyder, A. W.

J. D. Love, R. A. Sammut, A. W. Snyder, Electron. Lett. 15, 615 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

R. H. Stolen, E. H. Turner, Appl. Opt. 19, 842 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. H. Stolen, V. Ramaswamy, P. Kaiser, W. Pleibel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 699 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Suganuma, T.

T. Katsuyama, H. Matsumura, T. Suganuma, Electron. Lett. 17, 473 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Turner, E. H.

Ulrich, R.

Vasallo, E.

M. Monerie, L. Jeunhomme, E. Vasallo, Electron. Lett. 16, 954 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Yen, Y.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. H. Stolen, V. Ramaswamy, P. Kaiser, W. Pleibel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 699 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (7)

R. B. Dyott, J. R. Cozens, D. G. Morris, Electron. Lett. 15, 382 (1979).
[CrossRef]

T. Okoshi, K. Ayamada, Electron. Lett. 16, 712 (1980).
[CrossRef]

T. Katsuyama, H. Matsumura, T. Suganuma, Electron. Lett. 17, 473 (1981).
[CrossRef]

S. Machida, J. Sakai, T. Kimura, Electron. Lett. 17, 494 (1981).
[CrossRef]

K. Okamoto, Y. Sasaki, T. Miya, M. Kawachi, T. Edahiro, Electron. Lett. 16, 768 (1980).
[CrossRef]

M. Monerie, L. Jeunhomme, E. Vasallo, Electron. Lett. 16, 954 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Love, R. A. Sammut, A. W. Snyder, Electron. Lett. 15, 615 (1979).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

I. P. Kaminow, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 15 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Influence of environmental perturbations (heating) on the stability of output polarization of a 275-m birefringent fiber, using (a) a He–Ne laser and (b) a broadband source. Px, excited mode; Py, cross-polarized mode; stress-induced Lp = 9.6 mm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Measured cross-polarization power of two elliptical-core fibers as a function of fiber length, and best-fitting theoretical expectations according to Eq. (3). Fiber A: beat length 22 mm, h = 4.3 × 10−2 m−1. Fiber B: beat length 11 mm, h = 2.2 × 10−3 m−1.

Equations (4)

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P y / P = 1 2 [ 1 exp ( 2 h L ) ] ,
h = ( k 0 2 / 4 ) | Γ ( β i ) | 2 .
ξ { p y } / { p } = 1 2 [ 1 exp ( 2 h L ) ] ,
σ = 1 c d β i d k 0 1 c [ β i k 0 + k 0 d ( β i / k 0 ) d k 0 ]

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