Abstract

Degenerate four-wave mixing experiments have been performed using a liquid suspension of 0.234-μm-diameter latex spheres as the nonlinear medium. The measured effective optical Kerr coefficient, n2, is 3.6 × 10−3 (MW/cm2)−1. This is ~105× the value for CS2. Measured grating reflectivity, formation, and decay times are in reasonable agreement with a simple model assuming Rayleigh scattering and Brownian diffusion.

© 1981 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. See, for example, A. Ashkin, “Acceleration and trapping of particles by radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 156 (1970); A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, “Optical levitation by radiation pressure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 283 (1971); A. Ashkin, “Applications of laser radiation pressure,” Science 210, 1081(1980).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. A. J. Palmer, “Nonlinear optics in aerosols,” Opt. Lett. 5, 54 (1980).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. See, for example, J. A. Stratton, Electromagnetic Theory (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1941).
  4. J. P. Gordon, “Radiation forces and momenta in dielectric media,” Phys. Rev. A 8, 14 (1973).
    [Crossref]
  5. Dow Chemical Company uniform polystyrene latex particles. The refractive index of the spheres, na, is 1.59, and that of the surrounding liquid, nb, is 1.33.
  6. See, for example, D. M. Bloom, G. C. Bjorklund, “Conjugate wave-front generation and image reconstruction by four-wave mixing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 592 (1977); P. F. Liao, D. M. Bloom, “Continuous-wave backward-wave generation by degenerate four-wave mixing in ruby,” Opt. Lett. 3, 4 (1978).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. M. G. Moharam, T. K. Gaylord, R. Magnusson, “Diffraction characteristics of three-dimensional crossed-beam volume gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 70, 437 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  8. C. Kittel, Elementary Statistical Physics (Wiley, New York, 1961), p. 155.

1980 (2)

1977 (1)

See, for example, D. M. Bloom, G. C. Bjorklund, “Conjugate wave-front generation and image reconstruction by four-wave mixing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 592 (1977); P. F. Liao, D. M. Bloom, “Continuous-wave backward-wave generation by degenerate four-wave mixing in ruby,” Opt. Lett. 3, 4 (1978).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1973 (1)

J. P. Gordon, “Radiation forces and momenta in dielectric media,” Phys. Rev. A 8, 14 (1973).
[Crossref]

1970 (1)

See, for example, A. Ashkin, “Acceleration and trapping of particles by radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 156 (1970); A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, “Optical levitation by radiation pressure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 283 (1971); A. Ashkin, “Applications of laser radiation pressure,” Science 210, 1081(1980).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ashkin, A.

See, for example, A. Ashkin, “Acceleration and trapping of particles by radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 156 (1970); A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, “Optical levitation by radiation pressure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 283 (1971); A. Ashkin, “Applications of laser radiation pressure,” Science 210, 1081(1980).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bjorklund, G. C.

See, for example, D. M. Bloom, G. C. Bjorklund, “Conjugate wave-front generation and image reconstruction by four-wave mixing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 592 (1977); P. F. Liao, D. M. Bloom, “Continuous-wave backward-wave generation by degenerate four-wave mixing in ruby,” Opt. Lett. 3, 4 (1978).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bloom, D. M.

See, for example, D. M. Bloom, G. C. Bjorklund, “Conjugate wave-front generation and image reconstruction by four-wave mixing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 592 (1977); P. F. Liao, D. M. Bloom, “Continuous-wave backward-wave generation by degenerate four-wave mixing in ruby,” Opt. Lett. 3, 4 (1978).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gaylord, T. K.

Gordon, J. P.

J. P. Gordon, “Radiation forces and momenta in dielectric media,” Phys. Rev. A 8, 14 (1973).
[Crossref]

Kittel, C.

C. Kittel, Elementary Statistical Physics (Wiley, New York, 1961), p. 155.

Magnusson, R.

Moharam, M. G.

Palmer, A. J.

Stratton, J. A.

See, for example, J. A. Stratton, Electromagnetic Theory (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1941).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

See, for example, D. M. Bloom, G. C. Bjorklund, “Conjugate wave-front generation and image reconstruction by four-wave mixing,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 592 (1977); P. F. Liao, D. M. Bloom, “Continuous-wave backward-wave generation by degenerate four-wave mixing in ruby,” Opt. Lett. 3, 4 (1978).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

J. P. Gordon, “Radiation forces and momenta in dielectric media,” Phys. Rev. A 8, 14 (1973).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

See, for example, A. Ashkin, “Acceleration and trapping of particles by radiation pressure,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 156 (1970); A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, “Optical levitation by radiation pressure,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 283 (1971); A. Ashkin, “Applications of laser radiation pressure,” Science 210, 1081(1980).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (3)

C. Kittel, Elementary Statistical Physics (Wiley, New York, 1961), p. 155.

Dow Chemical Company uniform polystyrene latex particles. The refractive index of the spheres, na, is 1.59, and that of the surrounding liquid, nb, is 1.33.

See, for example, J. A. Stratton, Electromagnetic Theory (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1941).

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Setup used for four-wave mixing experiments.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental measurements of backward-generated signal as a function of input power. The maximum total input power was ~100 mW. The dashed curve is the best fit of a cubic power dependence corrected for the measured scattered light.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Experimental measurements of grating formation time. The maximum total input power was ~100 mW. The dashed curve is the best fit of an inverse power dependence.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P = n b 2 ( n 2 1 n 2 + 2 ) r 3 E = α E ,
F grad = ( P ) E = ( 1 / 2 ) α E 0 2 ,
υ = F grad 6 πrη ,
τ F = Λ / 4 υ ,
τ D = 3 πrη Λ 2 16 kT ,

Metrics