Abstract

Fiber-optic sensors are described that utilize the mode–mode interference of the two orthogonal linear polarizations of the HE11 mode in strongly birefringent single-mode fibers. The sensitivities of various versions of these one-fiber interferometers are calculated. When fibers with high internal stress are used, the temperature sensitivity is reduced by only a factor of 50 compared with that of two-fiber interferometers while the pressure sensitivity is reduced by 7.3 × 103. Thus the cross sensitivity is reduced by a factor of 150.

© 1981 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. A. Bucaro, H. D. Dardy, E. F. Carome, Appl. Opt. 16, 1761 (1977).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. B. Culshaw, D. E. N. Davies, S. A. Kingsley, Electron. Lett. 13, 760 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. G. B. Hocker, Appl. Opt. 18, 1445 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  8. V. Ramaswamy, R. H. Stolen, M. Divino, W. Pleibel, Appl. Opt. 18, 4080 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. B. Dyott, J. R. Cozens, D. G. Morris, Electron. Lett. 15, 380 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. D. Love, R. A. Sammut, A. W. Snyder, Electron. Lett. 15, 615 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  11. I. P. Kaminow, V. Ramaswamy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 268 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  12. R. Ulrich, Opt. Lett. 1, 109 (1977).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. W. Eickhoff, Y. Yen, R. Ulrich, to be published.

1980 (1)

1979 (6)

G. B. Hocker, Appl. Opt. 18, 1445 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. R. Layton, J. A. Bucaro, Appl. Opt. 18, 666 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Ramaswamy, R. H. Stolen, M. Divino, W. Pleibel, Appl. Opt. 18, 4080 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. B. Dyott, J. R. Cozens, D. G. Morris, Electron. Lett. 15, 380 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Love, R. A. Sammut, A. W. Snyder, Electron. Lett. 15, 615 (1979).
[CrossRef]

I. P. Kaminow, V. Ramaswamy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 268 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978 (2)

R. H. Stolen, V. Ramaswamy, P. Kaiser, W. Pleibel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 699 (1978).
[CrossRef]

C. D. Butter, G. B. Hocker, Appl. Opt. 17, 2867 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1977 (3)

Bucaro, J. A.

Butter, C. D.

Carome, E. F.

Cozens, J. R.

R. B. Dyott, J. R. Cozens, D. G. Morris, Electron. Lett. 15, 380 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Culshaw, B.

B. Culshaw, D. E. N. Davies, S. A. Kingsley, Electron. Lett. 13, 760 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Dardy, H. D.

Davies, D. E. N.

B. Culshaw, D. E. N. Davies, S. A. Kingsley, Electron. Lett. 13, 760 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Divino, M.

Dyott, R. B.

R. B. Dyott, J. R. Cozens, D. G. Morris, Electron. Lett. 15, 380 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Eickhoff, W.

W. Eickhoff, Y. Yen, R. Ulrich, to be published.

Hocker, G. B.

Kaiser, P.

R. H. Stolen, V. Ramaswamy, P. Kaiser, W. Pleibel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 699 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Kaminow, I. P.

I. P. Kaminow, V. Ramaswamy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 268 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Kingsley, S. A.

B. Culshaw, D. E. N. Davies, S. A. Kingsley, Electron. Lett. 13, 760 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Layton, M. R.

Love, J. D.

J. D. Love, R. A. Sammut, A. W. Snyder, Electron. Lett. 15, 615 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Morris, D. G.

R. B. Dyott, J. R. Cozens, D. G. Morris, Electron. Lett. 15, 380 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Pleibel, W.

V. Ramaswamy, R. H. Stolen, M. Divino, W. Pleibel, Appl. Opt. 18, 4080 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. H. Stolen, V. Ramaswamy, P. Kaiser, W. Pleibel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 699 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Ramaswamy, V.

V. Ramaswamy, R. H. Stolen, M. Divino, W. Pleibel, Appl. Opt. 18, 4080 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. P. Kaminow, V. Ramaswamy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 268 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen, V. Ramaswamy, P. Kaiser, W. Pleibel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 699 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Rashleigh, S. C.

Sammut, R. A.

J. D. Love, R. A. Sammut, A. W. Snyder, Electron. Lett. 15, 615 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Snyder, A. W.

J. D. Love, R. A. Sammut, A. W. Snyder, Electron. Lett. 15, 615 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

V. Ramaswamy, R. H. Stolen, M. Divino, W. Pleibel, Appl. Opt. 18, 4080 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. H. Stolen, V. Ramaswamy, P. Kaiser, W. Pleibel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 699 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Ulrich, R.

R. Ulrich, Opt. Lett. 1, 109 (1977).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. Eickhoff, Y. Yen, R. Ulrich, to be published.

Yen, Y.

W. Eickhoff, Y. Yen, R. Ulrich, to be published.

Appl. Opt. (5)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

I. P. Kaminow, V. Ramaswamy, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 268 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen, V. Ramaswamy, P. Kaiser, W. Pleibel, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 699 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (3)

R. B. Dyott, J. R. Cozens, D. G. Morris, Electron. Lett. 15, 380 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Love, R. A. Sammut, A. W. Snyder, Electron. Lett. 15, 615 (1979).
[CrossRef]

B. Culshaw, D. E. N. Davies, S. A. Kingsley, Electron. Lett. 13, 760 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (1)

W. Eickhoff, Y. Yen, R. Ulrich, to be published.

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Experimental setup of the one-fiber interferometer, (b) measurement result obtained with a fiber of 2.15-m length and birefringence Δn = 7.35 × 10−5.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison of Values for One- and Two-Fiber Interferometers

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

1 L d ϕ d F = k d n d F + kn 1 L d L d F .
1 L d ( Δ ϕ ) d F = k d ( Δ n ) d F + k Δ n 1 L d L d F .
d ( Δ n ) d F = ( Δ n ) F + ( Δ n ) R d R d F .
( Δ n ) S d S d T = Δ n ( T ) T T s .
( Δ n ) S d S d T = Δ n ( T r ) 800 .
1 L d ( Δ ϕ ) d T = k L [ L Δ n n d n d T + Δ n d L d T + L Δ n ( T r ) T r T s ] .
I = I o / 2 [ 1 + cos φ ( T ) ] = I o cos 2 [ φ ( t ) / 2 ] .
I s = I 1 I 2 I 1 + I 2 = cos φ ( T ) .

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