Abstract

A setup was built that was suitable for practicable long-range backscattering measurements in single-mode fibers. To avoid nonlinear effects and to reduce costs, low-input powers from a laser diode were used. Three different fibers (0.8, 2, and 3 km long) were tested, and experimental results are given.

© 1981 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. K. Barnoski, M. S. Jensen, “Fiber waveguides: a novel technique for investigating attenuation characteristics,” Appl. Opt. 15, 2112–2115 (1976).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. D. Personick, “Photon probe—an optical fiber time domain reflectometer,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 56, 355–366 (1977).
  3. E.-G. Neumann, “Theory of the backscattering method for testing optical fiber cables,” Electron. Commun. W. Germany 34, 157–160 (1980).
  4. P. Di Vita, U. Rossi, “Backscattering measurements in optical fibres: separation of power decay from imperfection contribution,” Electron. Lett. 15, 467–469 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  5. E. Brinkmeyer, “Backscattering in single-mode fibres,” Electron. Lett. 16, 329–330 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. Brinkmeyer, “Analysis of the backscattering method for single-mode optical fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 70, 1010–1012 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. Nakazawa et al., “Photon probe fault locator for single-mode optical fiber using an acoustooptical light deflector,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 1264–1269 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. H. Hartog, D. N. Payne, A. J. Conduit, “Polarization optical time-domain reflectometry: experimental results and applications to loss and birefringence measurements in single-mode fibers,” presented at the 6th European Conference on Optical Communication, York, UK, September 1980.
  9. D. L. Philen, “Optical time-domain reflectometry on single-mode fibers using a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” in Symposium on Optical Fiber Measurements, Boulder, Colo., 1980,NBS Spec. Pub. 597, Tech. Digest, 97–99.
  10. P. Healey, “OTDR in monomode fibres at 1.3 μm using a semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 17, 62–64 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  11. W. Eickhoff, R. Ulrich, “Optical frequency-domain reflectometry in single-mode fibers,” presented at the Third International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, San Francisco, 1981, Tech. Digest, p. 106.
  12. B. Y. Kim, “Backscattering measurements of bending- induced birefringence in single-mode fibres,” Electron. Lett. 17, 193–194 (1981).
    [CrossRef]

1981

M. Nakazawa et al., “Photon probe fault locator for single-mode optical fiber using an acoustooptical light deflector,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 1264–1269 (1981).
[CrossRef]

P. Healey, “OTDR in monomode fibres at 1.3 μm using a semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 17, 62–64 (1981).
[CrossRef]

B. Y. Kim, “Backscattering measurements of bending- induced birefringence in single-mode fibres,” Electron. Lett. 17, 193–194 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1980

E. Brinkmeyer, “Backscattering in single-mode fibres,” Electron. Lett. 16, 329–330 (1980).
[CrossRef]

E. Brinkmeyer, “Analysis of the backscattering method for single-mode optical fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 70, 1010–1012 (1980).
[CrossRef]

E.-G. Neumann, “Theory of the backscattering method for testing optical fiber cables,” Electron. Commun. W. Germany 34, 157–160 (1980).

1979

P. Di Vita, U. Rossi, “Backscattering measurements in optical fibres: separation of power decay from imperfection contribution,” Electron. Lett. 15, 467–469 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1977

S. D. Personick, “Photon probe—an optical fiber time domain reflectometer,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 56, 355–366 (1977).

1976

Barnoski, M. K.

Brinkmeyer, E.

Conduit, A. J.

A. H. Hartog, D. N. Payne, A. J. Conduit, “Polarization optical time-domain reflectometry: experimental results and applications to loss and birefringence measurements in single-mode fibers,” presented at the 6th European Conference on Optical Communication, York, UK, September 1980.

Di Vita, P.

P. Di Vita, U. Rossi, “Backscattering measurements in optical fibres: separation of power decay from imperfection contribution,” Electron. Lett. 15, 467–469 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Eickhoff, W.

W. Eickhoff, R. Ulrich, “Optical frequency-domain reflectometry in single-mode fibers,” presented at the Third International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, San Francisco, 1981, Tech. Digest, p. 106.

Hartog, A. H.

A. H. Hartog, D. N. Payne, A. J. Conduit, “Polarization optical time-domain reflectometry: experimental results and applications to loss and birefringence measurements in single-mode fibers,” presented at the 6th European Conference on Optical Communication, York, UK, September 1980.

Healey, P.

P. Healey, “OTDR in monomode fibres at 1.3 μm using a semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 17, 62–64 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, M. S.

Kim, B. Y.

B. Y. Kim, “Backscattering measurements of bending- induced birefringence in single-mode fibres,” Electron. Lett. 17, 193–194 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

M. Nakazawa et al., “Photon probe fault locator for single-mode optical fiber using an acoustooptical light deflector,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 1264–1269 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Neumann, E.-G.

E.-G. Neumann, “Theory of the backscattering method for testing optical fiber cables,” Electron. Commun. W. Germany 34, 157–160 (1980).

Payne, D. N.

A. H. Hartog, D. N. Payne, A. J. Conduit, “Polarization optical time-domain reflectometry: experimental results and applications to loss and birefringence measurements in single-mode fibers,” presented at the 6th European Conference on Optical Communication, York, UK, September 1980.

Personick, S. D.

S. D. Personick, “Photon probe—an optical fiber time domain reflectometer,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 56, 355–366 (1977).

Philen, D. L.

D. L. Philen, “Optical time-domain reflectometry on single-mode fibers using a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” in Symposium on Optical Fiber Measurements, Boulder, Colo., 1980,NBS Spec. Pub. 597, Tech. Digest, 97–99.

Rossi, U.

P. Di Vita, U. Rossi, “Backscattering measurements in optical fibres: separation of power decay from imperfection contribution,” Electron. Lett. 15, 467–469 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Ulrich, R.

W. Eickhoff, R. Ulrich, “Optical frequency-domain reflectometry in single-mode fibers,” presented at the Third International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, San Francisco, 1981, Tech. Digest, p. 106.

Appl. Opt.

Bell Syst. Tech. J.

S. D. Personick, “Photon probe—an optical fiber time domain reflectometer,” Bell Syst. Tech. J. 56, 355–366 (1977).

Electron. Commun. W. Germany

E.-G. Neumann, “Theory of the backscattering method for testing optical fiber cables,” Electron. Commun. W. Germany 34, 157–160 (1980).

Electron. Lett.

P. Di Vita, U. Rossi, “Backscattering measurements in optical fibres: separation of power decay from imperfection contribution,” Electron. Lett. 15, 467–469 (1979).
[CrossRef]

E. Brinkmeyer, “Backscattering in single-mode fibres,” Electron. Lett. 16, 329–330 (1980).
[CrossRef]

P. Healey, “OTDR in monomode fibres at 1.3 μm using a semiconductor laser,” Electron. Lett. 17, 62–64 (1981).
[CrossRef]

B. Y. Kim, “Backscattering measurements of bending- induced birefringence in single-mode fibres,” Electron. Lett. 17, 193–194 (1981).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

M. Nakazawa et al., “Photon probe fault locator for single-mode optical fiber using an acoustooptical light deflector,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-17, 1264–1269 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

Other

A. H. Hartog, D. N. Payne, A. J. Conduit, “Polarization optical time-domain reflectometry: experimental results and applications to loss and birefringence measurements in single-mode fibers,” presented at the 6th European Conference on Optical Communication, York, UK, September 1980.

D. L. Philen, “Optical time-domain reflectometry on single-mode fibers using a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser,” in Symposium on Optical Fiber Measurements, Boulder, Colo., 1980,NBS Spec. Pub. 597, Tech. Digest, 97–99.

W. Eickhoff, R. Ulrich, “Optical frequency-domain reflectometry in single-mode fibers,” presented at the Third International Conference on Integrated Optics and Optical Fiber Communication, San Francisco, 1981, Tech. Digest, p. 106.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Backscattered signal for a 5-km line made of a 2-km fiber and a 3-km fiber imperfectly coupled.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Backscattered signal for a 2.8-km line made of a 2-km fiber and a 0.8-km fiber imperfectly coupled. A defect in the 2-km fiber at 400 m can be seen.

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