Abstract

We have experimentally demonstrated a cw dye laser incorporating a phase-conjugate mirror (PCM). The mirror was generated by using four-wave mixing in sodium. The unique bandwidth and pump–probe detuning properties of such a PCM permitted the first reported demonstration of the c/4L spaced paired half-axial modes. In addition, the aberration correction ability is demonstrated.

© 1981 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. R. L. Abrams, R. C. Lind, Opt. Lett. 2, 94 (1978);Opt. Lett. 3, 205 (1978).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. P. F. Liao, D. M. Bloom, N. P. Economou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 813 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. C. Lind, D. G. Steel, J. F. Lam, R. K. Jain, R. A. McFarlane, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 70, 599 (1980).
  4. J. Nilsen, A. Yariv, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 143 (1979);J. Opt. Soc. Am. 71, 180 (1981).
  5. T. Fu, M. Sargent, Opt. Lett. 4, 361 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. J. Harter, R. W. Boyd, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 1126 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. AuYeung, D. Fekete, D. M. Pepper, A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1180 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. A. Belanger, A. Hardy, A. E. Siegman, Appl. Opt. 19, 479 (1980).P. A. Belanger, A. Hardy, A. E. Siegman, Appl. Opt. 19, 602 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. I. M. Bel'dyugin, E. M. Zemskov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 1198 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. F. Lam, W. P. Brown, Opt. Lett. 5, 61 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. Feinberg, R. W. Hellwarth, Opt. Lett. 5, 519 (1980).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. D. G. Steel, R. C. Lind, Opt. Lett.6 (to be published, December1981).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. This derivation assumed a saturation that is due to bleaching. If instead we assume saturation arising from pump depletion resulting from large RPCM we obtain the formula above but multiplied by G02R1.

1980

1979

I. M. Bel'dyugin, E. M. Zemskov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 1198 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. AuYeung, D. Fekete, D. M. Pepper, A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1180 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Nilsen, A. Yariv, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 143 (1979);J. Opt. Soc. Am. 71, 180 (1981).

T. Fu, M. Sargent, Opt. Lett. 4, 361 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978

R. L. Abrams, R. C. Lind, Opt. Lett. 2, 94 (1978);Opt. Lett. 3, 205 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. F. Liao, D. M. Bloom, N. P. Economou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 813 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Abrams, R. L.

AuYeung, J.

J. AuYeung, D. Fekete, D. M. Pepper, A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1180 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Belanger, P. A.

Bel'dyugin, I. M.

I. M. Bel'dyugin, E. M. Zemskov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 1198 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Bloom, D. M.

P. F. Liao, D. M. Bloom, N. P. Economou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 813 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

D. J. Harter, R. W. Boyd, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 1126 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Brown, W. P.

Economou, N. P.

P. F. Liao, D. M. Bloom, N. P. Economou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 813 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Feinberg, J.

Fekete, D.

J. AuYeung, D. Fekete, D. M. Pepper, A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1180 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Fu, T.

T. Fu, M. Sargent, Opt. Lett. 4, 361 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Hardy, A.

Harter, D. J.

D. J. Harter, R. W. Boyd, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 1126 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Hellwarth, R. W.

Jain, R. K.

R. C. Lind, D. G. Steel, J. F. Lam, R. K. Jain, R. A. McFarlane, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 70, 599 (1980).

Lam, J. F.

R. C. Lind, D. G. Steel, J. F. Lam, R. K. Jain, R. A. McFarlane, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 70, 599 (1980).

J. F. Lam, W. P. Brown, Opt. Lett. 5, 61 (1980).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liao, P. F.

P. F. Liao, D. M. Bloom, N. P. Economou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 813 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Lind, R. C.

R. C. Lind, D. G. Steel, J. F. Lam, R. K. Jain, R. A. McFarlane, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 70, 599 (1980).

R. L. Abrams, R. C. Lind, Opt. Lett. 2, 94 (1978);Opt. Lett. 3, 205 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. G. Steel, R. C. Lind, Opt. Lett.6 (to be published, December1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McFarlane, R. A.

R. C. Lind, D. G. Steel, J. F. Lam, R. K. Jain, R. A. McFarlane, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 70, 599 (1980).

Nilsen, J.

J. Nilsen, A. Yariv, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 143 (1979);J. Opt. Soc. Am. 71, 180 (1981).

Pepper, D. M.

J. AuYeung, D. Fekete, D. M. Pepper, A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1180 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Sargent, M.

T. Fu, M. Sargent, Opt. Lett. 4, 361 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Siegman, A. E.

Steel, D. G.

R. C. Lind, D. G. Steel, J. F. Lam, R. K. Jain, R. A. McFarlane, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 70, 599 (1980).

D. G. Steel, R. C. Lind, Opt. Lett.6 (to be published, December1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yariv, A.

J. AuYeung, D. Fekete, D. M. Pepper, A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1180 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Nilsen, A. Yariv, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 143 (1979);J. Opt. Soc. Am. 71, 180 (1981).

Zemskov, E. M.

I. M. Bel'dyugin, E. M. Zemskov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 1198 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

P. F. Liao, D. M. Bloom, N. P. Economou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 813 (1978).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

D. J. Harter, R. W. Boyd, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-16, 1126 (1980).
[CrossRef]

J. AuYeung, D. Fekete, D. M. Pepper, A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1180 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

R. C. Lind, D. G. Steel, J. F. Lam, R. K. Jain, R. A. McFarlane, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 70, 599 (1980).

J. Nilsen, A. Yariv, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 69, 143 (1979);J. Opt. Soc. Am. 71, 180 (1981).

Opt. Lett.

Sov. J. Quantum Electron.

I. M. Bel'dyugin, E. M. Zemskov, Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 9, 1198 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Other

D. G. Steel, R. C. Lind, Opt. Lett.6 (to be published, December1981).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

This derivation assumed a saturation that is due to bleaching. If instead we assume saturation arising from pump depletion resulting from large RPCM we obtain the formula above but multiplied by G02R1.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental configuration for a cw PCR. The PCM is produced by using DFWM in sodium vapor. The PCR gain medium is an argon-pumped dye laser using Rh6G dye.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Scanning Fabry–Perot signals of PCR output. (a) Single-mode output when the PCM bandwidth is less than c/4L. (b) Paired half-axial modes separated by c/4L when the PCM bandwidth is of the order of 200 MHz.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Far-field photographs showing the aberration correction ability of the PCR. (a) and (b) Correction ability of the PCR output in the presence of an aberrator. (c) and (d) Output with the aberrator as observed through the PCM. As expected, (d) shows no correction, whereas (b) shows good correction.

Equations (1)

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P 0 = ( A I s c ) ( 1 R 1 ) R 1 G 0 ( R 1 R PCM G 0 2 1 ) W ,

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