Abstract

The modes of a ring-laser cavity with an extra mirror for unidirectional operation are analyzed and shown to be the same as those of a conventional ring laser. The beam from the extra mirror does not give rise to additional interferometric effects when it is reflected back into the ring cavity. Experimental results with a He–Ne unidirectional ring laser confirm this finding; operation is demonstrated in both a symmetric and an asymmetric distribution of mode amplitudes about the Doppler line center.

© 1980 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. M. Jarrett, J. F. Young, Opt. Lett. 4, 176 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. F. R. Faxvog, A. D. Gara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 306 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  3. References cited in Refs. 1 and 2 above.
  4. A. M. Bonch-Bruevich, V. Yu Petrun'kin, N. A. Esepkina, S. V. Kruzhalov, L. N. Pakhomov, V. A. Chernov, S. L. Galkin, Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 12, 1495 (1968).
  5. H. G. Danielmeyer, W. G. Nilsen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 124 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. R. Clobes, M. J. Brienza, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 265 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. A. Draegert, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 235 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. M. Green, J. P. Hohimer, F. K. Tittel, Opt. Commun. 7, 349 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. Marowsky, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 47, 843 (1976).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. A. Marotta, C. A. Arguello, Opt. Commun. 13, 226 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  11. G. Marowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 647 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  12. W. R. Bennett, Appl. Opt. Suppl. 1, 24 (1962).
  13. F. Aronowitz, R. J. Collins, J. Appl. Phys. 41, 130 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. N. Bagaev, V. S. Kuznetsov, Yu V. Troitskii, B. I. Troshin, JETP Lett. 1, 114 (1965).
  15. W. W. Rigrod, T. J. Bridges, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-1, 298 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  16. B. K. Garside, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 940 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  17. C. L. O'Bryan, M. Sargent, Phys. Rev. A 8, 3071 (1973).
    [CrossRef]

1979 (1)

1976 (1)

G. Marowsky, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 47, 843 (1976).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1975 (2)

A. Marotta, C. A. Arguello, Opt. Commun. 13, 226 (1975).
[CrossRef]

G. Marowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 647 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

F. R. Faxvog, A. D. Gara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 306 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1973 (2)

J. M. Green, J. P. Hohimer, F. K. Tittel, Opt. Commun. 7, 349 (1973).
[CrossRef]

C. L. O'Bryan, M. Sargent, Phys. Rev. A 8, 3071 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1972 (2)

A. R. Clobes, M. J. Brienza, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 265 (1972).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Draegert, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 235 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1970 (2)

H. G. Danielmeyer, W. G. Nilsen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 124 (1970).
[CrossRef]

F. Aronowitz, R. J. Collins, J. Appl. Phys. 41, 130 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1968 (2)

B. K. Garside, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 940 (1968).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Bonch-Bruevich, V. Yu Petrun'kin, N. A. Esepkina, S. V. Kruzhalov, L. N. Pakhomov, V. A. Chernov, S. L. Galkin, Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 12, 1495 (1968).

1965 (2)

S. N. Bagaev, V. S. Kuznetsov, Yu V. Troitskii, B. I. Troshin, JETP Lett. 1, 114 (1965).

W. W. Rigrod, T. J. Bridges, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-1, 298 (1965).
[CrossRef]

1962 (1)

W. R. Bennett, Appl. Opt. Suppl. 1, 24 (1962).

Arguello, C. A.

A. Marotta, C. A. Arguello, Opt. Commun. 13, 226 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Aronowitz, F.

F. Aronowitz, R. J. Collins, J. Appl. Phys. 41, 130 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Bagaev, S. N.

S. N. Bagaev, V. S. Kuznetsov, Yu V. Troitskii, B. I. Troshin, JETP Lett. 1, 114 (1965).

Bennett, W. R.

W. R. Bennett, Appl. Opt. Suppl. 1, 24 (1962).

Bonch-Bruevich, A. M.

A. M. Bonch-Bruevich, V. Yu Petrun'kin, N. A. Esepkina, S. V. Kruzhalov, L. N. Pakhomov, V. A. Chernov, S. L. Galkin, Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 12, 1495 (1968).

Bridges, T. J.

W. W. Rigrod, T. J. Bridges, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-1, 298 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Brienza, M. J.

A. R. Clobes, M. J. Brienza, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 265 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Chernov, V. A.

A. M. Bonch-Bruevich, V. Yu Petrun'kin, N. A. Esepkina, S. V. Kruzhalov, L. N. Pakhomov, V. A. Chernov, S. L. Galkin, Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 12, 1495 (1968).

Clobes, A. R.

A. R. Clobes, M. J. Brienza, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 265 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Collins, R. J.

F. Aronowitz, R. J. Collins, J. Appl. Phys. 41, 130 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Danielmeyer, H. G.

H. G. Danielmeyer, W. G. Nilsen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 124 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Draegert, D. A.

D. A. Draegert, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 235 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Esepkina, N. A.

A. M. Bonch-Bruevich, V. Yu Petrun'kin, N. A. Esepkina, S. V. Kruzhalov, L. N. Pakhomov, V. A. Chernov, S. L. Galkin, Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 12, 1495 (1968).

Faxvog, F. R.

F. R. Faxvog, A. D. Gara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 306 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Galkin, S. L.

A. M. Bonch-Bruevich, V. Yu Petrun'kin, N. A. Esepkina, S. V. Kruzhalov, L. N. Pakhomov, V. A. Chernov, S. L. Galkin, Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 12, 1495 (1968).

Gara, A. D.

F. R. Faxvog, A. D. Gara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 306 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Garside, B. K.

B. K. Garside, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 940 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Green, J. M.

J. M. Green, J. P. Hohimer, F. K. Tittel, Opt. Commun. 7, 349 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Hohimer, J. P.

J. M. Green, J. P. Hohimer, F. K. Tittel, Opt. Commun. 7, 349 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Jarrett, S. M.

Kruzhalov, S. V.

A. M. Bonch-Bruevich, V. Yu Petrun'kin, N. A. Esepkina, S. V. Kruzhalov, L. N. Pakhomov, V. A. Chernov, S. L. Galkin, Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 12, 1495 (1968).

Kuznetsov, V. S.

S. N. Bagaev, V. S. Kuznetsov, Yu V. Troitskii, B. I. Troshin, JETP Lett. 1, 114 (1965).

Marotta, A.

A. Marotta, C. A. Arguello, Opt. Commun. 13, 226 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Marowsky, G.

G. Marowsky, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 47, 843 (1976).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Marowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 647 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Nilsen, W. G.

H. G. Danielmeyer, W. G. Nilsen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 124 (1970).
[CrossRef]

O'Bryan, C. L.

C. L. O'Bryan, M. Sargent, Phys. Rev. A 8, 3071 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Pakhomov, L. N.

A. M. Bonch-Bruevich, V. Yu Petrun'kin, N. A. Esepkina, S. V. Kruzhalov, L. N. Pakhomov, V. A. Chernov, S. L. Galkin, Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 12, 1495 (1968).

Petrun'kin, V. Yu

A. M. Bonch-Bruevich, V. Yu Petrun'kin, N. A. Esepkina, S. V. Kruzhalov, L. N. Pakhomov, V. A. Chernov, S. L. Galkin, Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 12, 1495 (1968).

Rigrod, W. W.

W. W. Rigrod, T. J. Bridges, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-1, 298 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Sargent, M.

C. L. O'Bryan, M. Sargent, Phys. Rev. A 8, 3071 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Tittel, F. K.

J. M. Green, J. P. Hohimer, F. K. Tittel, Opt. Commun. 7, 349 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Troitskii, Yu V.

S. N. Bagaev, V. S. Kuznetsov, Yu V. Troitskii, B. I. Troshin, JETP Lett. 1, 114 (1965).

Troshin, B. I.

S. N. Bagaev, V. S. Kuznetsov, Yu V. Troitskii, B. I. Troshin, JETP Lett. 1, 114 (1965).

Young, J. F.

Appl. Opt. Suppl. (1)

W. R. Bennett, Appl. Opt. Suppl. 1, 24 (1962).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

G. Marowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 647 (1975).
[CrossRef]

F. R. Faxvog, A. D. Gara, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 306 (1974).
[CrossRef]

H. G. Danielmeyer, W. G. Nilsen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 16, 124 (1970).
[CrossRef]

A. R. Clobes, M. J. Brienza, Appl. Phys. Lett. 21, 265 (1972).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

D. A. Draegert, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 235 (1972).
[CrossRef]

W. W. Rigrod, T. J. Bridges, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-1, 298 (1965).
[CrossRef]

B. K. Garside, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-4, 940 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

F. Aronowitz, R. J. Collins, J. Appl. Phys. 41, 130 (1970).
[CrossRef]

JETP Lett. (1)

S. N. Bagaev, V. S. Kuznetsov, Yu V. Troitskii, B. I. Troshin, JETP Lett. 1, 114 (1965).

Opt. Commun. (2)

A. Marotta, C. A. Arguello, Opt. Commun. 13, 226 (1975).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Green, J. P. Hohimer, F. K. Tittel, Opt. Commun. 7, 349 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

C. L. O'Bryan, M. Sargent, Phys. Rev. A 8, 3071 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

G. Marowsky, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 47, 843 (1976).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. (1)

A. M. Bonch-Bruevich, V. Yu Petrun'kin, N. A. Esepkina, S. V. Kruzhalov, L. N. Pakhomov, V. A. Chernov, S. L. Galkin, Sov. Phys. Tech. Phys. 12, 1495 (1968).

Other (1)

References cited in Refs. 1 and 2 above.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Conventional ring-laser cavity, (b) ring cavity with unidirectional coupling mirror, (c) conceptual diagram of ring cavity with unidirectional coupling mirror.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Ring-laser mode intensities versus optical frequency ν obtained with a scanning Fabry–Perot interferometer. The mode spacing Δv = c/L is 128 MHz. (a) Modes of a conventional He–Ne ring laser, (b) symmetric mode pattern of a He–Ne ring with low-reflectivity fourth mirror, (c) asymmetric mode pattern of a He–Ne ring with high-reflectivity fourth mirror. Note that mode patterns may be displaced with respect to one another because of slight variations in the length of the ring cavity.

Equations (1)

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ν n = n c / L .

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