Abstract

Periodic phase changes in the 10−6-rad region have been induced and detected in a single-mode all-fiber Mach–Zehnder interferometer by stretching the fiber with a piezoelectric cylinder driven at frequencies between 40 and 104 Hz.

© 1980 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. K. Sheem, T. G. Giallorenzi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 914 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. A. Bucaro, H. D. Dardy, E. F. Carome, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 62, 1302 (1977); J. H. Cole, R. L. Johnson, P. G. Bhuta, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 62, 1136 (1977), J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 63, 1232 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. R. Dragsten, W. W. Webb, J. H. Paton, R. R. Capranica, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 60, 665 (1976).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. K. Sheem, T. G. Giallorenzi, Opt. Lett. 4, 29 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. R. P. Moeller, Naval Research Laboratory, unpublished design.
  6. C. Villarruel, Naval Research Laboratory, unpublished design.

1979 (2)

S. K. Sheem, T. G. Giallorenzi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 914 (1979).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Sheem, T. G. Giallorenzi, Opt. Lett. 4, 29 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1977 (1)

J. A. Bucaro, H. D. Dardy, E. F. Carome, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 62, 1302 (1977); J. H. Cole, R. L. Johnson, P. G. Bhuta, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 62, 1136 (1977), J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 63, 1232 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

P. R. Dragsten, W. W. Webb, J. H. Paton, R. R. Capranica, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 60, 665 (1976).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bucaro, J. A.

J. A. Bucaro, H. D. Dardy, E. F. Carome, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 62, 1302 (1977); J. H. Cole, R. L. Johnson, P. G. Bhuta, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 62, 1136 (1977), J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 63, 1232 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Capranica, R. R.

P. R. Dragsten, W. W. Webb, J. H. Paton, R. R. Capranica, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 60, 665 (1976).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carome, E. F.

J. A. Bucaro, H. D. Dardy, E. F. Carome, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 62, 1302 (1977); J. H. Cole, R. L. Johnson, P. G. Bhuta, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 62, 1136 (1977), J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 63, 1232 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Dardy, H. D.

J. A. Bucaro, H. D. Dardy, E. F. Carome, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 62, 1302 (1977); J. H. Cole, R. L. Johnson, P. G. Bhuta, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 62, 1136 (1977), J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 63, 1232 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Dragsten, P. R.

P. R. Dragsten, W. W. Webb, J. H. Paton, R. R. Capranica, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 60, 665 (1976).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Giallorenzi, T. G.

S. K. Sheem, T. G. Giallorenzi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 914 (1979).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Sheem, T. G. Giallorenzi, Opt. Lett. 4, 29 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moeller, R. P.

R. P. Moeller, Naval Research Laboratory, unpublished design.

Paton, J. H.

P. R. Dragsten, W. W. Webb, J. H. Paton, R. R. Capranica, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 60, 665 (1976).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sheem, S. K.

S. K. Sheem, T. G. Giallorenzi, Opt. Lett. 4, 29 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. K. Sheem, T. G. Giallorenzi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 914 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Villarruel, C.

C. Villarruel, Naval Research Laboratory, unpublished design.

Webb, W. W.

P. R. Dragsten, W. W. Webb, J. H. Paton, R. R. Capranica, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 60, 665 (1976).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

S. K. Sheem, T. G. Giallorenzi, Appl. Phys. Lett. 35, 914 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Acoust. Soc. Am. (2)

J. A. Bucaro, H. D. Dardy, E. F. Carome, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 62, 1302 (1977); J. H. Cole, R. L. Johnson, P. G. Bhuta, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 62, 1136 (1977), J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 63, 1232 (1978).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Dragsten, W. W. Webb, J. H. Paton, R. R. Capranica, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 60, 665 (1976).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (2)

R. P. Moeller, Naval Research Laboratory, unpublished design.

C. Villarruel, Naval Research Laboratory, unpublished design.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Variation of J1(kx0)ωm and equivalent peak amplitude as a function of drive voltage V at 1 kHz: Invar Michelson interferometer. (b) Variation of the drive voltage to produce an average displacement corresponding to J1 (max) with frequency (ωm).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Variation of the minimum detectable displacement and equivalent phase shift with frequency (ωm): ● Invar Michelson interferometer, ○ fiber interferometer. Horizontal broken lines indicate the shot-noise limit: upper line, fiber interferometer; lower line, Invar interferometer.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Schematic of the Mach–Zehnder all-fiber interferometer. BC1 and BC2 are the evanescent-wave beam splitters. The regions in which the cladding has been removed from the fiber are indicated by the single line.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Variation of J1(kx0)ωm and equivalent peak amplitude as a function of drive voltage V at 1 kHz: all-fiber interferometer.

Equations (2)

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ϕ ( t ) = ϕ 0 + k x 0 sin ( ω m t + ϕ m ) ,
I 0 ( t ) α cos ϕ 0 × { J 0 ( k x 0 ) + 2 n = 1 n = J 2 n ( k x 0 ) cos [ 2 n ( ω m t + ϕ m ) ] } - sin ϕ 0 { 2 n = 0 J 2 n + 1 ( k x 0 ) × sin [ ( 2 n + 1 ) ( ω m t + ϕ m ) ] } ,

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