Abstract

We identify an aerosol of dielectric particles as a broadband, low-power nonlinear-optics medium. We demonstrate theoretically that a room-temperature volume of 5-μm-radius glass spheres will exhibit a third-order susceptibility in the visible equal to ~10f esu, where f is the volumetric packing fraction of the spheres. The response of the system is broadband throughout the visible, and the nonlinear-optic gain coefficient is shown to exceed the extinction coefficient because of scattering at pump-power levels on the order of 0.3 W/cm2. Two techniques for levitation of the aerosol are quantitatively evaluated.

© 1980 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. P. F. Liao, D. M. Bloom, N. P. Economou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 813 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  2. A. J. Palmer, Opt. Commun. 30, 104 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. L. Abrams, R. C. Lind, Opt. Lett. 2, 94 (1978).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. Ashkin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 729 (1978); A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 283 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, New York, 1975), pp. 657–664.
  6. A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 650 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  7. N. A. Fuchs, The Mechanics of Aerosols (Macmillan, New York, 1964), Chap. II.

1979 (1)

A. J. Palmer, Opt. Commun. 30, 104 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978 (4)

A. Ashkin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 729 (1978); A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 283 (1971).
[CrossRef]

A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 650 (1978).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Abrams, R. C. Lind, Opt. Lett. 2, 94 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. F. Liao, D. M. Bloom, N. P. Economou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 813 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Abrams, R. L.

Ashkin, A.

A. Ashkin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 729 (1978); A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 283 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Bloom, D. M.

P. F. Liao, D. M. Bloom, N. P. Economou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 813 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Born, M.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, New York, 1975), pp. 657–664.

Economou, N. P.

P. F. Liao, D. M. Bloom, N. P. Economou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 813 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Fuchs, N. A.

N. A. Fuchs, The Mechanics of Aerosols (Macmillan, New York, 1964), Chap. II.

Liao, P. F.

P. F. Liao, D. M. Bloom, N. P. Economou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 813 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Lind, R. C.

Palmer, A. J.

A. J. Palmer, Opt. Commun. 30, 104 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Wolf, E.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, New York, 1975), pp. 657–664.

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 650 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

P. F. Liao, D. M. Bloom, N. P. Economou, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 813 (1978).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 650 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. J. Palmer, Opt. Commun. 30, 104 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

A. Ashkin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 729 (1978); A. Ashkin, J. M. Dziedzic, Appl. Phys. Lett. 19, 283 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, New York, 1975), pp. 657–664.

N. A. Fuchs, The Mechanics of Aerosols (Macmillan, New York, 1964), Chap. II.

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Equations (12)

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δ P = ½ α N E ¯ 2 = N 3 ( n - 1 ) a 3 E ¯ 2 ,
δ N = N P δ P = N 3 ( n - 1 ) a 3 E ¯ 2 k T .
χ 3 = α δ N = N 2 [ 2 3 ( n - 1 ) a 3 ] 2 E ¯ 2 k T .
E ¯ sat 2 k T / [ ( n - 1 ) a 3 ] .
χ 3 = ( 2 π ) - 1 ( n - 1 ) f ( E ¯ 2 / E ¯ sat 2 ) ,
l ( σ scat N ) - 1 ,
σ scat ~ 2 π a 2             ( a λ ) ,
σ scat ~ ( 2 π a λ ) 4 π a 2             ( a λ ) .
l [ 2 π λ ( 2 π χ 3 ] - 1 .
l min [ ( 2 π λ ) ( n - 1 ) f ] - 1 .
( a / λ ) > ˜ 1 or ( a / λ ) < 0.2
F = ( n - 1 ) a 3 E ¯ 2

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