Abstract

We report the generation of conjugate wave fronts by degenerate four-wave mixing in the isotropic phase of the nematic substance p-methoxy-benzylidene p-n-butylaniline. The temporal and spatial properties of the conjugate wave fronts are verified. The dependence of the nonlinear reflectivity on the pump-wave power and the temperature of the medium is discussed.

© 1980 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. D. V. G. L. Narasimha Rao, S. Jayaraman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 539 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. K. L. Wong, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 32, 527 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. V. G. L. Narasimha Rao, D. K. Agrawal, Phys. Lett. 37A, 383 (1971).
  4. J. W. Shelton, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 23 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. W. Shelton, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 538 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. W. Shelton, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. A 5, 1867 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. W. Stinson, J. D. Litster, Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 503 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  8. G. K. L. Wong, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 30, 895 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  9. G. K. L. Wong, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. A 10, 1277 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electroh. QE-14, 650 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  11. D. M. Pepper, D. Fekete, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 41 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  12. D. M. Bloom, C. V. Shank, R. L. Fork, O. Teschke, “Subpicosecond optical gating and wavefront conjugation by four-wave mixing,” in Proceedings of First Topical Meeting on Picosecond Phenomena, C. V. Shank, E. P. Ippen, S. L. Shapiro, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1978).
  13. A. Yariv, D. M. Pepper, Opt. Lett. 1, 16 (1977).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1978 (2)

A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electroh. QE-14, 650 (1978).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Pepper, D. Fekete, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 41 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1977 (1)

1974 (2)

G. K. L. Wong, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 32, 527 (1974).
[CrossRef]

G. K. L. Wong, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. A 10, 1277 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1973 (2)

G. K. L. Wong, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 30, 895 (1973).
[CrossRef]

D. V. G. L. Narasimha Rao, S. Jayaraman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 539 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

J. W. Shelton, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. A 5, 1867 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1971 (2)

J. W. Shelton, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 538 (1971).
[CrossRef]

D. V. G. L. Narasimha Rao, D. K. Agrawal, Phys. Lett. 37A, 383 (1971).

1970 (2)

J. W. Shelton, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 23 (1970).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Stinson, J. D. Litster, Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 503 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, D. K.

D. V. G. L. Narasimha Rao, D. K. Agrawal, Phys. Lett. 37A, 383 (1971).

Bloom, D. M.

D. M. Bloom, C. V. Shank, R. L. Fork, O. Teschke, “Subpicosecond optical gating and wavefront conjugation by four-wave mixing,” in Proceedings of First Topical Meeting on Picosecond Phenomena, C. V. Shank, E. P. Ippen, S. L. Shapiro, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1978).

Fekete, D.

D. M. Pepper, D. Fekete, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 41 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Fork, R. L.

D. M. Bloom, C. V. Shank, R. L. Fork, O. Teschke, “Subpicosecond optical gating and wavefront conjugation by four-wave mixing,” in Proceedings of First Topical Meeting on Picosecond Phenomena, C. V. Shank, E. P. Ippen, S. L. Shapiro, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1978).

Jayaraman, S.

D. V. G. L. Narasimha Rao, S. Jayaraman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 539 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Litster, J. D.

T. W. Stinson, J. D. Litster, Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 503 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Narasimha Rao, D. V. G. L.

D. V. G. L. Narasimha Rao, S. Jayaraman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 539 (1973).
[CrossRef]

D. V. G. L. Narasimha Rao, D. K. Agrawal, Phys. Lett. 37A, 383 (1971).

Pepper, D. M.

D. M. Pepper, D. Fekete, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 41 (1978).
[CrossRef]

A. Yariv, D. M. Pepper, Opt. Lett. 1, 16 (1977).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shank, C. V.

D. M. Bloom, C. V. Shank, R. L. Fork, O. Teschke, “Subpicosecond optical gating and wavefront conjugation by four-wave mixing,” in Proceedings of First Topical Meeting on Picosecond Phenomena, C. V. Shank, E. P. Ippen, S. L. Shapiro, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1978).

Shelton, J. W.

J. W. Shelton, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. A 5, 1867 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Shelton, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 538 (1971).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Shelton, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 23 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Shen, Y. R.

G. K. L. Wong, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 32, 527 (1974).
[CrossRef]

G. K. L. Wong, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. A 10, 1277 (1974).
[CrossRef]

G. K. L. Wong, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 30, 895 (1973).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Shelton, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. A 5, 1867 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Shelton, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 538 (1971).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Shelton, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 23 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Stinson, T. W.

T. W. Stinson, J. D. Litster, Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 503 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Teschke, O.

D. M. Bloom, C. V. Shank, R. L. Fork, O. Teschke, “Subpicosecond optical gating and wavefront conjugation by four-wave mixing,” in Proceedings of First Topical Meeting on Picosecond Phenomena, C. V. Shank, E. P. Ippen, S. L. Shapiro, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1978).

Wong, G. K. L.

G. K. L. Wong, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. A 10, 1277 (1974).
[CrossRef]

G. K. L. Wong, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 32, 527 (1974).
[CrossRef]

G. K. L. Wong, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 30, 895 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electroh. QE-14, 650 (1978).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Pepper, D. Fekete, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 41 (1978).
[CrossRef]

A. Yariv, D. M. Pepper, Opt. Lett. 1, 16 (1977).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

D. V. G. L. Narasimha Rao, S. Jayaraman, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 539 (1973).
[CrossRef]

D. M. Pepper, D. Fekete, A. Yariv, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 41 (1978).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electroh. (1)

A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electroh. QE-14, 650 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Lett. (1)

D. V. G. L. Narasimha Rao, D. K. Agrawal, Phys. Lett. 37A, 383 (1971).

Phys. Rev. A (2)

G. K. L. Wong, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. A 10, 1277 (1974).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Shelton, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. A 5, 1867 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

T. W. Stinson, J. D. Litster, Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 503 (1970).
[CrossRef]

G. K. L. Wong, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 30, 895 (1973).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Shelton, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 23 (1970).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Shelton, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 538 (1971).
[CrossRef]

G. K. L. Wong, Y. R. Shen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 32, 527 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

D. M. Bloom, C. V. Shank, R. L. Fork, O. Teschke, “Subpicosecond optical gating and wavefront conjugation by four-wave mixing,” in Proceedings of First Topical Meeting on Picosecond Phenomena, C. V. Shank, E. P. Ippen, S. L. Shapiro, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1978).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The temporal profiles of a typical (a) pump pulse and (b) conjugate pulse.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The ability of the conjugate beam to correct for distortion (see text): (a) beam reflected from a mirror, (b) beam reflected from a mirror with an aberrator in its path, (c) conjugate beam with the aberrator in. its path, (d) conjugate beam.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The nonlinear reflectivity versus the pump-pulse energy.

Equations (6)

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P i ( 3 ) ( ω ) = j 6 [ χ i i j j ( 3 ) E i ( ω ) E j ( ω ) E j * ( ω ) + χ i j i j ( 3 ) E j ( ω ) E i ( ω ) E j * ( ω ) + χ i j j i ( 3 ) E j ( ω ) E j ( ω ) E i * ( ω ) ] .
χ i j j i ( 3 ) = A + B .
E 1 ( r , t ) = A 1 ( t ) exp [ i ( ω t - k 1 · r ) ] y ^ ,
E 2 ( r , t ) = A 2 ( t ) exp [ i ( ω t - k 2 · r ) ] y ^ ,
E 4 ( r , t ) = A 4 ( r , t ) exp [ i ( ω t - k 4 · r ) ] x ^
P NL ( r , t ) = 6 B τ { E 2 ( r , t ) - t exp [ - ( t - t ) / τ ] × E 1 ( r , t ) E 4 * ( r , t ) d t + E 1 ( r , t ) - t exp [ - ( t - t ) / τ ] × E 2 ( r , t ) E 4 * ( r , t ) d t } x ^ ,

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