Abstract

The generation in an optical-fiber waveguide of a spectral continuum spanning 29000 cm−1 from the near infrared to the ultraviolet is reported. A Q-switched and mode-locked Nd:YAG laser is used to excite the fiber. An unexpected phenomenon is the generation of sum-frequency light derived from the pump frequency and the characteristic Raman Stokes frequencies of fused silica. This light is observed as visible light in cladding modes of the fiber.

© 1980 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 181 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  2. C. Lin, R. H. Stolen, L. G. Cohen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 97 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. AuYeung, A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 347 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Lin, V. T. Nguyen, Electron. Lett. 14, 822 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  5. R. W. Terhune, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 8, 359 (1963).
  6. A. Penzkofer, A. Seilmeier, W. Kaiser, Opt. Commun. 14, 363 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  7. W. L. Smith, P. Liu, N. Bloemberger, Phys. Rev. A 15, 2396 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. W. Fleming, Electron. Lett. 14, 326 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 130, 919 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  10. F. P. Kapron, N. F. Borrelli, D. B. Keck, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 222 (1972).
    [CrossRef]

1978 (3)

J. AuYeung, A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 347 (1978).
[CrossRef]

C. Lin, V. T. Nguyen, Electron. Lett. 14, 822 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. W. Fleming, Electron. Lett. 14, 326 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1977 (2)

W. L. Smith, P. Liu, N. Bloemberger, Phys. Rev. A 15, 2396 (1977).
[CrossRef]

C. Lin, R. H. Stolen, L. G. Cohen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 97 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 181 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

A. Penzkofer, A. Seilmeier, W. Kaiser, Opt. Commun. 14, 363 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

F. P. Kapron, N. F. Borrelli, D. B. Keck, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 222 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1963 (2)

P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 130, 919 (1963).
[CrossRef]

R. W. Terhune, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 8, 359 (1963).

AuYeung, J.

J. AuYeung, A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 347 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Bloemberger, N.

W. L. Smith, P. Liu, N. Bloemberger, Phys. Rev. A 15, 2396 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Borrelli, N. F.

F. P. Kapron, N. F. Borrelli, D. B. Keck, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 222 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, L. G.

C. Lin, R. H. Stolen, L. G. Cohen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 97 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Fleming, J. W.

J. W. Fleming, Electron. Lett. 14, 326 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Hill, K. O.

K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 181 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, D. C.

K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 181 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, W.

A. Penzkofer, A. Seilmeier, W. Kaiser, Opt. Commun. 14, 363 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Kapron, F. P.

F. P. Kapron, N. F. Borrelli, D. B. Keck, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 222 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Kawasaki, B. S.

K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 181 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Keck, D. B.

F. P. Kapron, N. F. Borrelli, D. B. Keck, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 222 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

C. Lin, V. T. Nguyen, Electron. Lett. 14, 822 (1978).
[CrossRef]

C. Lin, R. H. Stolen, L. G. Cohen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 97 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Liu, P.

W. L. Smith, P. Liu, N. Bloemberger, Phys. Rev. A 15, 2396 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, V. T.

C. Lin, V. T. Nguyen, Electron. Lett. 14, 822 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Penzkofer, A.

A. Penzkofer, A. Seilmeier, W. Kaiser, Opt. Commun. 14, 363 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Pershan, P. S.

P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 130, 919 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Seilmeier, A.

A. Penzkofer, A. Seilmeier, W. Kaiser, Opt. Commun. 14, 363 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Smith, W. L.

W. L. Smith, P. Liu, N. Bloemberger, Phys. Rev. A 15, 2396 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

C. Lin, R. H. Stolen, L. G. Cohen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 97 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Terhune, R. W.

R. W. Terhune, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 8, 359 (1963).

Yariv, A.

J. AuYeung, A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 347 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

K. O. Hill, B. S. Kawasaki, D. C. Johnson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 181 (1976).
[CrossRef]

C. Lin, R. H. Stolen, L. G. Cohen, Appl. Phys. Lett. 31, 97 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. (1)

R. W. Terhune, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 8, 359 (1963).

Electron. Lett. (2)

J. W. Fleming, Electron. Lett. 14, 326 (1978).
[CrossRef]

C. Lin, V. T. Nguyen, Electron. Lett. 14, 822 (1978).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

F. P. Kapron, N. F. Borrelli, D. B. Keck, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 222 (1972).
[CrossRef]

J. AuYeung, A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 347 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

A. Penzkofer, A. Seilmeier, W. Kaiser, Opt. Commun. 14, 363 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. (1)

P. S. Pershan, Phys. Rev. 130, 919 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

W. L. Smith, P. Liu, N. Bloemberger, Phys. Rev. A 15, 2396 (1977).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental arrangement: B.S., D, and O. M. A. are the beam splitter, detector, and optical multichannel analyzer, respectively.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectrum of output light contained in far-field ring pattern in wavelength region between 380 and 662 nm. The broken lines give the calculated positions of the sum frequencies indicated.

Equations (2)

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Ψ = sin - 1 ( n 3 sin θ ) ,
θ = cos - 1 [ λ 3 n 3 ( n 1 λ 1 + n 2 λ 2 ) ] ,             λ 3 = λ 1 λ 2 λ 1 + λ 2 .

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