Abstract

H implantation into bulk and Ti-diffused LiNbO3 is shown to result in the creation of optically absorbing layers. The induced absorption is characterized, and application to the suppression of optical noise in Ti:LiNbO3 integrated optical spectrum analyzers is considered. Potential uses include beam dumps, spatial filters, and the absorption of substrate modes.

© 1980 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. C. Hamilton, D. A. Willie, W. J. Miceli, Opt. Eng. 16, 467 (1977).
  2. J. T. Boyd, D. B. Anderson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 437 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  3. W. K. Burns, Appl. Opt. 18, 2536 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. D. T. Y. Wei, W. W. Lee, L. R. Bloom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 329 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. L. Destefanis, P. D. Townsend, J. P. Gailliard, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 293 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 3rd ed. (Pergamon, New York, 1965), p. 627.

1979

1978

J. T. Boyd, D. B. Anderson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 437 (1978).
[CrossRef]

G. L. Destefanis, P. D. Townsend, J. P. Gailliard, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 293 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1977

M. C. Hamilton, D. A. Willie, W. J. Miceli, Opt. Eng. 16, 467 (1977).

1974

D. T. Y. Wei, W. W. Lee, L. R. Bloom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 329 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1971

Anderson, D. B.

J. T. Boyd, D. B. Anderson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 437 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Bloom, L. R.

D. T. Y. Wei, W. W. Lee, L. R. Bloom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 329 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Born, M.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 3rd ed. (Pergamon, New York, 1965), p. 627.

Boyd, J. T.

J. T. Boyd, D. B. Anderson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 437 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Burns, W. K.

Destefanis, G. L.

G. L. Destefanis, P. D. Townsend, J. P. Gailliard, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 293 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Gailliard, J. P.

G. L. Destefanis, P. D. Townsend, J. P. Gailliard, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 293 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Hall, D. G.

Hamilton, M. C.

M. C. Hamilton, D. A. Willie, W. J. Miceli, Opt. Eng. 16, 467 (1977).

Lee, W. W.

D. T. Y. Wei, W. W. Lee, L. R. Bloom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 329 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Miceli, W. J.

M. C. Hamilton, D. A. Willie, W. J. Miceli, Opt. Eng. 16, 467 (1977).

Rice, R. R.

Tien, P. K.

Townsend, P. D.

G. L. Destefanis, P. D. Townsend, J. P. Gailliard, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 293 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Wei, D. T. Y.

D. T. Y. Wei, W. W. Lee, L. R. Bloom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 329 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Willie, D. A.

M. C. Hamilton, D. A. Willie, W. J. Miceli, Opt. Eng. 16, 467 (1977).

Wolf, E.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 3rd ed. (Pergamon, New York, 1965), p. 627.

Zino, J. D.

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. Lett.

D. T. Y. Wei, W. W. Lee, L. R. Bloom, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 329 (1974).
[CrossRef]

G. L. Destefanis, P. D. Townsend, J. P. Gailliard, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 293 (1978).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

J. T. Boyd, D. B. Anderson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-14, 437 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng.

M. C. Hamilton, D. A. Willie, W. J. Miceli, Opt. Eng. 16, 467 (1977).

Opt. Lett.

Other

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 3rd ed. (Pergamon, New York, 1965), p. 627.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Spectral transmission scan of a LiNbO3 X plate implanted with 1017 H/cm2. The data are normalized to remove interface reflectivity.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Optical density versus dose for H-implanted X-plate Ti:LiNbO3 optical waveguides at 0.63 μm. We show data for both transmission normal to the plate and TM waveguide transmission for a 2-mm propagation length. The point at 1 × 1015 H/cm2 was implanted with H1+ at 100 keV, the remainder with H2+ at 200 keV.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Transmission versus propagation length for H-implanted Y-plate Ti:LiNbO3 optical waveguides at 0.83 μm. The calculated absorption coefficient α is shown for each case.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Internal reflectivity versus angle of incidence for X-plate LiNbO3 uncoated, coated with C, and H implanted. The wavelength is 0.83 μm, and polarization is perpendicular to the plane of incidence (X, Y plane), except where noted. The curves are calculated, and the points at 76° were measured from specially cut prisms.

Equations (2)

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Optical Density = log ( T - 1 ) = ( K D ) a ,
T = c exp ( - α x ) ,

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