Abstract

A new fringe-counting wavemeter based on a compact spherical interferometer is described. We demonstrate a sub-Doppler accuracy of ±1 part in 107 by introducing a Vernierlike coincidence concept that takes advantage of the high finesse of the multiple-beam interferometer.

© 1980 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. J. L. Hall, J. L. Carlsten, Laser Spectroscopy III, Vol. 7, Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1977).
  2. F. V. Kowalski, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 965 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  3. J. L. Hall, S. A. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 367 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  4. F. V. Kowalski, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 68, 1611 (1978).
    [Crossref]
  5. R. V. Pole, A. J. Spiekerman, T. W. Hänsch, presented at Eleventh Meeting of the International Commission for Optics, Madrid, Spain, 1978.
  6. B. L. Bukovskii, Prib. Tekh. Eksp. 3, 175 (1974).
  7. Z. Bay, G. G. Luthor, J. A. White, Phys. Rev. Lett. 29, 189 (1972).
    [Crossref]
  8. F. Spieweck, in Proceedings of LASER-77 Opto-Electronics Conference, W. Waidelich, ed. (Science and Technology Press, Guildford, England, 1977).
  9. M. D. Levenson, A. L. Schawlow, Phys. Rev. A 6, 10 (1972).
    [Crossref]
  10. J. C. Owens, Appl. Opt. 6, 51 (1967).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

1978 (1)

1976 (2)

F. V. Kowalski, J. Opt. Soc. Am. 66, 965 (1976).
[Crossref]

J. L. Hall, S. A. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 367 (1976).
[Crossref]

1974 (1)

B. L. Bukovskii, Prib. Tekh. Eksp. 3, 175 (1974).

1972 (2)

Z. Bay, G. G. Luthor, J. A. White, Phys. Rev. Lett. 29, 189 (1972).
[Crossref]

M. D. Levenson, A. L. Schawlow, Phys. Rev. A 6, 10 (1972).
[Crossref]

1967 (1)

Bay, Z.

Z. Bay, G. G. Luthor, J. A. White, Phys. Rev. Lett. 29, 189 (1972).
[Crossref]

Bukovskii, B. L.

B. L. Bukovskii, Prib. Tekh. Eksp. 3, 175 (1974).

Carlsten, J. L.

J. L. Hall, J. L. Carlsten, Laser Spectroscopy III, Vol. 7, Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1977).

Hall, J. L.

J. L. Hall, S. A. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 367 (1976).
[Crossref]

J. L. Hall, J. L. Carlsten, Laser Spectroscopy III, Vol. 7, Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1977).

Hänsch, T. W.

R. V. Pole, A. J. Spiekerman, T. W. Hänsch, presented at Eleventh Meeting of the International Commission for Optics, Madrid, Spain, 1978.

Kowalski, F. V.

Lee, S. A.

J. L. Hall, S. A. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 367 (1976).
[Crossref]

Levenson, M. D.

M. D. Levenson, A. L. Schawlow, Phys. Rev. A 6, 10 (1972).
[Crossref]

Luthor, G. G.

Z. Bay, G. G. Luthor, J. A. White, Phys. Rev. Lett. 29, 189 (1972).
[Crossref]

Owens, J. C.

Pole, R. V.

R. V. Pole, A. J. Spiekerman, T. W. Hänsch, presented at Eleventh Meeting of the International Commission for Optics, Madrid, Spain, 1978.

Schawlow, A. L.

M. D. Levenson, A. L. Schawlow, Phys. Rev. A 6, 10 (1972).
[Crossref]

Spiekerman, A. J.

R. V. Pole, A. J. Spiekerman, T. W. Hänsch, presented at Eleventh Meeting of the International Commission for Optics, Madrid, Spain, 1978.

Spieweck, F.

F. Spieweck, in Proceedings of LASER-77 Opto-Electronics Conference, W. Waidelich, ed. (Science and Technology Press, Guildford, England, 1977).

White, J. A.

Z. Bay, G. G. Luthor, J. A. White, Phys. Rev. Lett. 29, 189 (1972).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. L. Hall, S. A. Lee, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 367 (1976).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (2)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

M. D. Levenson, A. L. Schawlow, Phys. Rev. A 6, 10 (1972).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

Z. Bay, G. G. Luthor, J. A. White, Phys. Rev. Lett. 29, 189 (1972).
[Crossref]

Prib. Tekh. Eksp. (1)

B. L. Bukovskii, Prib. Tekh. Eksp. 3, 175 (1974).

Other (3)

F. Spieweck, in Proceedings of LASER-77 Opto-Electronics Conference, W. Waidelich, ed. (Science and Technology Press, Guildford, England, 1977).

J. L. Hall, J. L. Carlsten, Laser Spectroscopy III, Vol. 7, Springer Series in Optical Sciences (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1977).

R. V. Pole, A. J. Spiekerman, T. W. Hänsch, presented at Eleventh Meeting of the International Commission for Optics, Madrid, Spain, 1978.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: AT, air track; CL, coupling lens; M, dichroic mirror; OA, operational amplifier; PD, photodiode; PM, photomultiplier; SI, spherical interferometer.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Finesse of the spherical interferometer as a function of the mirror spacing d: (a) confocal configuration (d = R. l = 2), (b) higher-order mode-degenerate configuration (d = 1.5 R, l = 3).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Histograms of the ratio of the counts: (a) single-mode Ar laser set at the peak of the P(13) 127I2 line. The arrow indicates the value of the calculated ratio of the wavelengths (×107) from Table 2. (b) Single-mode Ar laser shifted for two mode spacings (260 MHz) away from case a on one side of the I2 line. (c) Single-mode Ar laser shifted for three mode spacings (390 MHz) away from case a on the other side of the I2 line.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Fringe Counts and Their Ratios for Some Independent Measurements

Tables Icon

Table 2 Comparison between the Ratio of the He–Ne Wavelength and the P(13) 127I2 Wavelength in Air and the Ratio of the Fringe Counts

Equations (5)

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M λ X = ( N + Δ ) λ R ,
P = Δ N 2 N .
δ 1 λ R λ R F , δ 2 λ R λ R F ,
δ = δ 1 + δ 2 2 F .
P = δ N 2 N F ,

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