Abstract

Hole burning, which is attributed to optical pumping of nuclear-quadrupole levels, has been observed in the stoichiometric rare-earth compound, EuP5O14. The long lifetime of these holes (∼60 min) implies slow nuclear-spin flip-flop rates. The small magnetic moment of Eu3+ has prevented conventional magnetic-resonance measurements on Eu3+ compounds, but hole burning provides a sensitive method for the optical detection of nuclear-magnetic resonance and nuclear-quadrupole resonance. We have used hole burning and optically detected nuclear-quadrupole resonance to determine quadrupole splittings in the ground (7F0) and excited (5D0) states.

© 1980 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. L. E. Erickson, Phys. Rev. B 16, 4731 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. E. Erickson, Opt. Commun. 21, 147 (1977);Phys. Rev. B 19, 4412 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. M. Shelby, R. M. Macfarlane, Opt. Commun. 27, 399 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Shelby (to be published).
  5. R. M. Shelby, C. S. Yannoni, R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 1739 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. M. Shelby, R. M. Macfarlane, C. S. Yannoni, Phys. Rev. B 21, 5004 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. Brecher, J. Chem. Phys. 61, 2297 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  8. K. Krebs, R. Winkler, Naturwissenschaften 47, 490 (1960).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Abragam, B. Bleaney, Electron Paramagnetic Resonance of Transition Metal Ions (Oxford U. Press, Oxford, 1970), p. 316. We are grateful to B. Bleaney for pointing this out to us.
  10. D. T. Edmonds, Phys. Rev. Lett. 10, 129 (1963).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Y-P. Hong, Acta Crystallogr. Sec. B 30, 468 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. M. Baker, F. I. B. Williams, Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 267, 283 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. J. Elliott, Proc. Phys. Soc. London Sec. B 70, 119 (1957).
    [CrossRef]
  14. R. M. Shelby, R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1098 (1980).
    [CrossRef]

1980 (2)

R. M. Shelby, R. M. Macfarlane, C. S. Yannoni, Phys. Rev. B 21, 5004 (1980).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Shelby, R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1098 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1978 (2)

R. M. Shelby, R. M. Macfarlane, Opt. Commun. 27, 399 (1978).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Shelby, C. S. Yannoni, R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 1739 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1977 (2)

L. E. Erickson, Phys. Rev. B 16, 4731 (1977).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Erickson, Opt. Commun. 21, 147 (1977);Phys. Rev. B 19, 4412 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1974 (2)

C. Brecher, J. Chem. Phys. 61, 2297 (1974).
[CrossRef]

H. Y-P. Hong, Acta Crystallogr. Sec. B 30, 468 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1963 (1)

D. T. Edmonds, Phys. Rev. Lett. 10, 129 (1963).
[CrossRef]

1962 (1)

J. M. Baker, F. I. B. Williams, Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 267, 283 (1962).
[CrossRef]

1960 (1)

K. Krebs, R. Winkler, Naturwissenschaften 47, 490 (1960).
[CrossRef]

1957 (1)

R. J. Elliott, Proc. Phys. Soc. London Sec. B 70, 119 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Abragam, A.

A. Abragam, B. Bleaney, Electron Paramagnetic Resonance of Transition Metal Ions (Oxford U. Press, Oxford, 1970), p. 316. We are grateful to B. Bleaney for pointing this out to us.

Baker, J. M.

J. M. Baker, F. I. B. Williams, Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 267, 283 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Bleaney, B.

A. Abragam, B. Bleaney, Electron Paramagnetic Resonance of Transition Metal Ions (Oxford U. Press, Oxford, 1970), p. 316. We are grateful to B. Bleaney for pointing this out to us.

Brecher, C.

C. Brecher, J. Chem. Phys. 61, 2297 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Edmonds, D. T.

D. T. Edmonds, Phys. Rev. Lett. 10, 129 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Elliott, R. J.

R. J. Elliott, Proc. Phys. Soc. London Sec. B 70, 119 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Erickson, L. E.

L. E. Erickson, Phys. Rev. B 16, 4731 (1977).
[CrossRef]

L. E. Erickson, Opt. Commun. 21, 147 (1977);Phys. Rev. B 19, 4412 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Hong, H. Y-P.

H. Y-P. Hong, Acta Crystallogr. Sec. B 30, 468 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Krebs, K.

K. Krebs, R. Winkler, Naturwissenschaften 47, 490 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Macfarlane, R. M.

R. M. Shelby, R. M. Macfarlane, C. S. Yannoni, Phys. Rev. B 21, 5004 (1980).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Shelby, R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1098 (1980).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Shelby, R. M. Macfarlane, Opt. Commun. 27, 399 (1978).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Shelby, C. S. Yannoni, R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 1739 (1978).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Shelby (to be published).

Shelby, R. M.

R. M. Shelby, R. M. Macfarlane, C. S. Yannoni, Phys. Rev. B 21, 5004 (1980).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Shelby, R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1098 (1980).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Shelby, C. S. Yannoni, R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 1739 (1978).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Shelby, R. M. Macfarlane, Opt. Commun. 27, 399 (1978).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Shelby (to be published).

Williams, F. I. B.

J. M. Baker, F. I. B. Williams, Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 267, 283 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Winkler, R.

K. Krebs, R. Winkler, Naturwissenschaften 47, 490 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Yannoni, C. S.

R. M. Shelby, R. M. Macfarlane, C. S. Yannoni, Phys. Rev. B 21, 5004 (1980).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Shelby, C. S. Yannoni, R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 1739 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Acta Crystallogr. Sec. B (1)

H. Y-P. Hong, Acta Crystallogr. Sec. B 30, 468 (1974).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

C. Brecher, J. Chem. Phys. 61, 2297 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Naturwissenschaften (1)

K. Krebs, R. Winkler, Naturwissenschaften 47, 490 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

L. E. Erickson, Opt. Commun. 21, 147 (1977);Phys. Rev. B 19, 4412 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Shelby, R. M. Macfarlane, Opt. Commun. 27, 399 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (2)

L. E. Erickson, Phys. Rev. B 16, 4731 (1977).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Shelby, R. M. Macfarlane, C. S. Yannoni, Phys. Rev. B 21, 5004 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

D. T. Edmonds, Phys. Rev. Lett. 10, 129 (1963).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Shelby, C. S. Yannoni, R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 41, 1739 (1978).
[CrossRef]

R. M. Shelby, R. M. Macfarlane, Phys. Rev. Lett. 45, 1098 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Phys. Soc. London Sec. B (1)

R. J. Elliott, Proc. Phys. Soc. London Sec. B 70, 119 (1957).
[CrossRef]

Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A (1)

J. M. Baker, F. I. B. Williams, Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 267, 283 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

R. M. Macfarlane, R. M. Shelby (to be published).

A. Abragam, B. Bleaney, Electron Paramagnetic Resonance of Transition Metal Ions (Oxford U. Press, Oxford, 1970), p. 316. We are grateful to B. Bleaney for pointing this out to us.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Nuclear-quadrupole hole-burning spectrum of the 7F05D0 transition in EuP5O14. The positions of the holes (corresponding to decreased absorption) give the excited-state quadrupole splittings. (b) The predicted positions of holes (upward) and the 12 strongest of the 21 antiholes (downward) based on the energy-level scheme of Fig. 2 for 151Eu and 153Eu.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Ground- (7F0) and excited- (5D0) state quadrupole splittings for 151Eu3+ and 153Eu3+ obtained from hole burning and optically detected magnetic-resonance measurements in EuP5O14.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Spin Hamiltonian Parameters Corresponding to the Energy Level Scheme in Fig. 2

Equations (1)

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H = P [ I z 2 1 3 I ( I + 1 ) + η 3 ( I x 2 I y 2 ) ] .

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