Abstract

We describe a new optoacoustic technique for liquids that utilizes a quartz cuvette to contain the sample and an externally coupled piezoelectric transducer for gated detection of the optoacoustic signal produced by a pulsed dye laser. Such a technique is characterized by ultimate corrosion resistance, absence of contamination of the sample, and ease of sample change. With this technique, we measure quantitatively the weak absorption profiles that are due to the sixth harmonic of the C—H stretch in a series of halogen- and methyl-substituted benzenes. Also, optoacoustic spectra of ions dissolved in a strong acid (H2SO4) are observed for the first time.

© 1980 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. F. McClelland, R. N. Kniseley, Appl. Opt. 15, 2967 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. C. Gray, V. A. Fishman, A. J. Bard, Anal. Chem. 49, 697 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. J. Adams, J. G. Highfield, G. F. Kirkbright, Anal. Chem. 49, 1850 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Rosencwaig, Adv. Electron. Electron Phys. 46, 207 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  5. W. Lahmann, H. J. Ludewig, Chem. Phys. Lett. 45, 177 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  6. W. Lahmann, H. J. Ludewig, H. Welling, Anal. Chem. 49, 549 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. Sladky, R. Danielius, V. Sirutkaitis, M. Boudys, Czech. J. Phys. B27, 1075 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. M. Bonch-Bruevich, T. K. Razumova, I. O. Starobogatov, Opt. Spectrosc. 42, 45 (1977).
  9. M. M. Farrow, R. K. Burnham, M. Auzanneau, S. L. Olson, N. Purdie, E. M. Eyring, Appl. Opt. 17, 1093 (1978).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. S. Oda, T. Sawada, H. Kamada, Anal. Chem. 50, 865 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  11. C. K. N. Patel, A. C. Tam, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 467 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. C. Tam, C. K. N. Patel, Appl. Opt. 18, 3348 (1979).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. A. Hordvik, H. Schlossberg, Appl. Opt. 16, 101 (1977).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. C. K. N. Patel, A. C. Tam, R. J. Kerl, J. Chem. Phys. 71, 1470 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  15. C. K. N. Patel, A. C. Tam, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 760 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. C. Tam, C. K. N. Patel, Nature (London) 280, 304 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. C. Tam, C. K. N. Patel, R. J. Kerl, Opt. Lett. 4, 81 (1079).
    [CrossRef]
  18. R. L. Swofford, M. E. Long, A. C. Albrecht, J. Chem. Phys. 65, 179 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  19. M. S. Burberry, J. A. Morrell, A. C. Albrecht, J. Chem. Phys. 70, 5522 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  20. B. R. Henry, J. Phys. Chem. 80, 2160 (1976); Acc. Chem. Res. 10, 207 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  21. D. F. Heller, S. Mukamel, J. Chem. Phys. 70, 463 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  22. L. Pauling, The Nature of the Chemical Bond, 3rd ed. (Cornell U. Press, Ithaca, N.Y., 1960).

1979 (7)

C. K. N. Patel, A. C. Tam, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 467 (1979).
[CrossRef]

C. K. N. Patel, A. C. Tam, R. J. Kerl, J. Chem. Phys. 71, 1470 (1979).
[CrossRef]

C. K. N. Patel, A. C. Tam, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 760 (1979).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Tam, C. K. N. Patel, Nature (London) 280, 304 (1979).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Burberry, J. A. Morrell, A. C. Albrecht, J. Chem. Phys. 70, 5522 (1979).
[CrossRef]

D. F. Heller, S. Mukamel, J. Chem. Phys. 70, 463 (1979).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Tam, C. K. N. Patel, Appl. Opt. 18, 3348 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1978 (3)

M. M. Farrow, R. K. Burnham, M. Auzanneau, S. L. Olson, N. Purdie, E. M. Eyring, Appl. Opt. 17, 1093 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Oda, T. Sawada, H. Kamada, Anal. Chem. 50, 865 (1978).
[CrossRef]

A. Rosencwaig, Adv. Electron. Electron Phys. 46, 207 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1977 (7)

W. Lahmann, H. J. Ludewig, Chem. Phys. Lett. 45, 177 (1977).
[CrossRef]

W. Lahmann, H. J. Ludewig, H. Welling, Anal. Chem. 49, 549 (1977).
[CrossRef]

P. Sladky, R. Danielius, V. Sirutkaitis, M. Boudys, Czech. J. Phys. B27, 1075 (1977).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Bonch-Bruevich, T. K. Razumova, I. O. Starobogatov, Opt. Spectrosc. 42, 45 (1977).

A. Hordvik, H. Schlossberg, Appl. Opt. 16, 101 (1977).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. C. Gray, V. A. Fishman, A. J. Bard, Anal. Chem. 49, 697 (1977).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Adams, J. G. Highfield, G. F. Kirkbright, Anal. Chem. 49, 1850 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1976 (3)

B. R. Henry, J. Phys. Chem. 80, 2160 (1976); Acc. Chem. Res. 10, 207 (1977).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Swofford, M. E. Long, A. C. Albrecht, J. Chem. Phys. 65, 179 (1976).
[CrossRef]

J. F. McClelland, R. N. Kniseley, Appl. Opt. 15, 2967 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1079 (1)

Adams, M. J.

M. J. Adams, J. G. Highfield, G. F. Kirkbright, Anal. Chem. 49, 1850 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Albrecht, A. C.

M. S. Burberry, J. A. Morrell, A. C. Albrecht, J. Chem. Phys. 70, 5522 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Swofford, M. E. Long, A. C. Albrecht, J. Chem. Phys. 65, 179 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Auzanneau, M.

Bard, A. J.

R. C. Gray, V. A. Fishman, A. J. Bard, Anal. Chem. 49, 697 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Bonch-Bruevich, A. M.

A. M. Bonch-Bruevich, T. K. Razumova, I. O. Starobogatov, Opt. Spectrosc. 42, 45 (1977).

Boudys, M.

P. Sladky, R. Danielius, V. Sirutkaitis, M. Boudys, Czech. J. Phys. B27, 1075 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Burberry, M. S.

M. S. Burberry, J. A. Morrell, A. C. Albrecht, J. Chem. Phys. 70, 5522 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Burnham, R. K.

Danielius, R.

P. Sladky, R. Danielius, V. Sirutkaitis, M. Boudys, Czech. J. Phys. B27, 1075 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Eyring, E. M.

Farrow, M. M.

Fishman, V. A.

R. C. Gray, V. A. Fishman, A. J. Bard, Anal. Chem. 49, 697 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Gray, R. C.

R. C. Gray, V. A. Fishman, A. J. Bard, Anal. Chem. 49, 697 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Heller, D. F.

D. F. Heller, S. Mukamel, J. Chem. Phys. 70, 463 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Henry, B. R.

B. R. Henry, J. Phys. Chem. 80, 2160 (1976); Acc. Chem. Res. 10, 207 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Highfield, J. G.

M. J. Adams, J. G. Highfield, G. F. Kirkbright, Anal. Chem. 49, 1850 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Hordvik, A.

Kamada, H.

S. Oda, T. Sawada, H. Kamada, Anal. Chem. 50, 865 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Kerl, R. J.

C. K. N. Patel, A. C. Tam, R. J. Kerl, J. Chem. Phys. 71, 1470 (1979).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Tam, C. K. N. Patel, R. J. Kerl, Opt. Lett. 4, 81 (1079).
[CrossRef]

Kirkbright, G. F.

M. J. Adams, J. G. Highfield, G. F. Kirkbright, Anal. Chem. 49, 1850 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Kniseley, R. N.

Lahmann, W.

W. Lahmann, H. J. Ludewig, Chem. Phys. Lett. 45, 177 (1977).
[CrossRef]

W. Lahmann, H. J. Ludewig, H. Welling, Anal. Chem. 49, 549 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Long, M. E.

R. L. Swofford, M. E. Long, A. C. Albrecht, J. Chem. Phys. 65, 179 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Ludewig, H. J.

W. Lahmann, H. J. Ludewig, Chem. Phys. Lett. 45, 177 (1977).
[CrossRef]

W. Lahmann, H. J. Ludewig, H. Welling, Anal. Chem. 49, 549 (1977).
[CrossRef]

McClelland, J. F.

Morrell, J. A.

M. S. Burberry, J. A. Morrell, A. C. Albrecht, J. Chem. Phys. 70, 5522 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Mukamel, S.

D. F. Heller, S. Mukamel, J. Chem. Phys. 70, 463 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Oda, S.

S. Oda, T. Sawada, H. Kamada, Anal. Chem. 50, 865 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Olson, S. L.

Patel, C. K. N.

C. K. N. Patel, A. C. Tam, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 760 (1979).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Tam, C. K. N. Patel, Nature (London) 280, 304 (1979).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Tam, C. K. N. Patel, Appl. Opt. 18, 3348 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. K. N. Patel, A. C. Tam, R. J. Kerl, J. Chem. Phys. 71, 1470 (1979).
[CrossRef]

C. K. N. Patel, A. C. Tam, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 467 (1979).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Tam, C. K. N. Patel, R. J. Kerl, Opt. Lett. 4, 81 (1079).
[CrossRef]

Pauling, L.

L. Pauling, The Nature of the Chemical Bond, 3rd ed. (Cornell U. Press, Ithaca, N.Y., 1960).

Purdie, N.

Razumova, T. K.

A. M. Bonch-Bruevich, T. K. Razumova, I. O. Starobogatov, Opt. Spectrosc. 42, 45 (1977).

Rosencwaig, A.

A. Rosencwaig, Adv. Electron. Electron Phys. 46, 207 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Sawada, T.

S. Oda, T. Sawada, H. Kamada, Anal. Chem. 50, 865 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Schlossberg, H.

Sirutkaitis, V.

P. Sladky, R. Danielius, V. Sirutkaitis, M. Boudys, Czech. J. Phys. B27, 1075 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Sladky, P.

P. Sladky, R. Danielius, V. Sirutkaitis, M. Boudys, Czech. J. Phys. B27, 1075 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Starobogatov, I. O.

A. M. Bonch-Bruevich, T. K. Razumova, I. O. Starobogatov, Opt. Spectrosc. 42, 45 (1977).

Swofford, R. L.

R. L. Swofford, M. E. Long, A. C. Albrecht, J. Chem. Phys. 65, 179 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Tam, A. C.

A. C. Tam, C. K. N. Patel, Nature (London) 280, 304 (1979).
[CrossRef]

C. K. N. Patel, A. C. Tam, R. J. Kerl, J. Chem. Phys. 71, 1470 (1979).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Tam, C. K. N. Patel, Appl. Opt. 18, 3348 (1979).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. K. N. Patel, A. C. Tam, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 467 (1979).
[CrossRef]

C. K. N. Patel, A. C. Tam, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 760 (1979).
[CrossRef]

A. C. Tam, C. K. N. Patel, R. J. Kerl, Opt. Lett. 4, 81 (1079).
[CrossRef]

Welling, H.

W. Lahmann, H. J. Ludewig, H. Welling, Anal. Chem. 49, 549 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Adv. Electron. Electron Phys. (1)

A. Rosencwaig, Adv. Electron. Electron Phys. 46, 207 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Chem. (4)

R. C. Gray, V. A. Fishman, A. J. Bard, Anal. Chem. 49, 697 (1977).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Adams, J. G. Highfield, G. F. Kirkbright, Anal. Chem. 49, 1850 (1977).
[CrossRef]

W. Lahmann, H. J. Ludewig, H. Welling, Anal. Chem. 49, 549 (1977).
[CrossRef]

S. Oda, T. Sawada, H. Kamada, Anal. Chem. 50, 865 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (4)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

C. K. N. Patel, A. C. Tam, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 760 (1979).
[CrossRef]

C. K. N. Patel, A. C. Tam, Appl. Phys. Lett. 34, 467 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

W. Lahmann, H. J. Ludewig, Chem. Phys. Lett. 45, 177 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Czech. J. Phys. (1)

P. Sladky, R. Danielius, V. Sirutkaitis, M. Boudys, Czech. J. Phys. B27, 1075 (1977).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (4)

C. K. N. Patel, A. C. Tam, R. J. Kerl, J. Chem. Phys. 71, 1470 (1979).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Swofford, M. E. Long, A. C. Albrecht, J. Chem. Phys. 65, 179 (1976).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Burberry, J. A. Morrell, A. C. Albrecht, J. Chem. Phys. 70, 5522 (1979).
[CrossRef]

D. F. Heller, S. Mukamel, J. Chem. Phys. 70, 463 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. (1)

B. R. Henry, J. Phys. Chem. 80, 2160 (1976); Acc. Chem. Res. 10, 207 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Nature (London) (1)

A. C. Tam, C. K. N. Patel, Nature (London) 280, 304 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Opt. Spectrosc. (1)

A. M. Bonch-Bruevich, T. K. Razumova, I. O. Starobogatov, Opt. Spectrosc. 42, 45 (1977).

Other (1)

L. Pauling, The Nature of the Chemical Bond, 3rd ed. (Cornell U. Press, Ithaca, N.Y., 1960).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The corrosion-resistant OA cell for liquids. Details of the externally coupled piezoelectric transducer are shown on the right.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Observed absorption profile in the red spectral region for benzene and its derivatives. The peak positions νp, marked by arrows, are given in Table 1. The vertical scale is the absorption coefficient on a linear scale, which is different for different liquids; the magnitude of the peak absorption for each liquid is given in Table 1. The zero of the vertical scale for each liquid is given by a horizontal straight line.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Observed absorption profile for pure carbon tetra-chloride and for 1% (by volume) of benzene in carbon tetra-chloride at 25°C.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Observed OA spectra of NdCl3 · 6H2O dissolved in concentrated H2SO4 and in water. Concentration of solution is 1.4 × 10−3 mole/liter in each case.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Features of Absorption Profile of Sixth Harmonic of C—H Stretch in Benzene and Substituted Benzenes

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